EP2750952A1 - Rail tank wagon - Google Patents

Rail tank wagon

Info

Publication number
EP2750952A1
EP2750952A1 EP11802143.5A EP11802143A EP2750952A1 EP 2750952 A1 EP2750952 A1 EP 2750952A1 EP 11802143 A EP11802143 A EP 11802143A EP 2750952 A1 EP2750952 A1 EP 2750952A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
tank
wagon
rail
longitudinal
longitudinal beams
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP11802143.5A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Jozef RÁKOCI
Lubomír KOPANICÁK
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Legios Europe AG
Original Assignee
Legios Europe AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Legios Europe AG filed Critical Legios Europe AG
Publication of EP2750952A1 publication Critical patent/EP2750952A1/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D5/00Tank wagons for carrying fluent materials
    • B61D5/06Mounting of tanks; Integral bodies and frames

Definitions

  • the invention relates to a rail tank wagon intended for transport of liquid or gaseous materials.
  • the rail tank wagons fitted with tank cylinders in horizontal position which may be either flat or cranked with rounded bases (fronts) are used.
  • the rail tank is placed on the underframe fitted with two bogies, usually with two axles, whereas the structure of the underframe consists of a narrow central part consisting of a pair of parallel longitudinal beams made usually of rolled L or U or I profiles with minimum distance each other in lateral direction and reinforced by lateral brace rods.
  • These longitudinal beams turns into extended portals on both wagon ends and they form the wagon ends with two beams, of which the front beam called headstock is fitted with draw gear and buffers, and there are cross cradles for the tank above the rear beams.
  • the cross cradles are weldments with upper convex areas rounding of which is selected so it corresponds to the radius of the tank sat to the cross cradles.
  • Fixing of the tank to the underframe is usually provided by longitudinal cradles, i.e. four side fixing sheets, of which lower part is welded to the wagon ends and of which upper part, bent inside, is bolted to a counterpiece usually in T profile welded to the tank.
  • Further known embodiments of rail tank wagons are those where the longitudinal cradle passes along the full length of the tank and the bolt joint of the tank and underframe is continuous along the full length of the tank.
  • a disadvantage of this known structure of rail tank wagons is that longitudinal tension of the tank coming from the longitudinal forces, which negatively influence overall strength of the wagon, are not eliminated to a satisfactory level.
  • This disadvantage is obvious particularly for the rail tank wagons of higher volumes, e.g. over 80 m 3 .
  • the embodiment which improves connection between the tank and the underframe in the bed area is known and in the central part there is a straight section and the curved sections are on the sides.
  • neither this improvement removes negative effects of longitudinal tension along the length of the wagon.
  • the purpose of the invention is production of a rail tank wagon that would remove all the imperfections mentioned above.
  • the rail tank wagon according to the invention is fitted with cylinder tank in a known manner on the underframe, of which at least central part consists of two parallel longitudinal beams, and which is terminated by wagon ends with headstock and the main cross beam on both ends of the wagon.
  • each of the longitudinal beams has at least two brackets modified for connection with the tank on its upper part bent to the tank.
  • the brackets produce notches stepping out in regular spans above the upper edges of the longitudinal beams, which is favourable particularly from the production point of view.
  • brackets are arranged in opposite pairs on the longitudinal beams, which improves deployment of both longitudinal and lateral forces transmitted to the underframe from the tank.
  • bracket and/or the bearing plate is favourably welded to the tank.
  • the longitudinal beams are made from bent L-profiles, which reduces production costs.
  • the longitudinal cradles are welded to the tank, which increases rigidity and stiffness of the rail tank wagon.
  • Fig. 1 shows the rail tank wagon
  • Fig. 2 shows the underframe
  • Fig. 3 shows bottom view on the longitudinal beams connected to the tank
  • Fig. 4 shows view on the wagon end
  • Fig. 5 shows bottom view on the wagon end with a part of the longitudinal beams welded to the tank.
  • the rail tank wagon 1 of Zacns category is fitted with the tank 2 volume of which is 85.5 cubic metres, placed on the underframe 3 with two bi-axle bogies 4.
  • the structure of the underframe 3 consists of two parallel longitudinal beams 5, ⁇ made from bent L-profile sheet connected with lateral bracing rods.
  • Each wagon end 6 contains a headstock 7 and the main cross beam 10.
  • Each of the longitudinal beams 5, 5 is fitted with a series of vertical notches stepping out of the upper edge of the longer side of the L profile making up the longitudinal beam 5, ⁇ .
  • These notches are arranged in regular spans and they create the bracket 13 for welding to the tank 2.
  • either flat or arc-bent bearing plates 14 are welded to the brackets 13 connected to the tank 2 shell by welding.
  • brackets 13 On each longitudinal beam 5, ⁇ there are eight brackets 13 arranged on the longitudinal beam 5 and longitudinal beam 5 ⁇ in mutually opposite pairs.
  • the tank 2 is fixed to the underframe 3 with the use of four longitudinal cradles 12, which are in fact fixing sheets to which the tank 2 is welded as well.
  • Weight of the wagon is 22.3 tons, whereas the loading capacity is up to 67.7 tons.
  • the rail tank wagon according to the invention can be used for transport of liquid or gaseous materials on railways.

Abstract

The rail tank wagon (1) with the cylinder shaped tank (2) located on the underframe (3) of which at least the central part forms two parallel longitudinal beams (5, 5'). The longitudinal beams (5, 5') are terminated with the wagon ends (6) and the headstock (7) and the main cross beam (10) on both ends. There are cross cradles (11 ) arranged above the main cross beams (10) for placement of the rail tank wagon (2) and on sides of the underframe (3) there are longitudinal cradles (12) for connection with the tank (2). Each of the longitudinal beams (5, 5') has at least two brackets (13) bent towards the tank (2) in the upper part, arranged for connection to the tank (2).

Description

Rail tank wagon
Field of the invention
The invention relates to a rail tank wagon intended for transport of liquid or gaseous materials.
Background of the invention
For railway transport of liquid materials, the rail tank wagons fitted with tank cylinders in horizontal position, which may be either flat or cranked with rounded bases (fronts) are used. The rail tank is placed on the underframe fitted with two bogies, usually with two axles, whereas the structure of the underframe consists of a narrow central part consisting of a pair of parallel longitudinal beams made usually of rolled L or U or I profiles with minimum distance each other in lateral direction and reinforced by lateral brace rods. These longitudinal beams turns into extended portals on both wagon ends and they form the wagon ends with two beams, of which the front beam called headstock is fitted with draw gear and buffers, and there are cross cradles for the tank above the rear beams. The cross cradles are weldments with upper convex areas rounding of which is selected so it corresponds to the radius of the tank sat to the cross cradles. Fixing of the tank to the underframe is usually provided by longitudinal cradles, i.e. four side fixing sheets, of which lower part is welded to the wagon ends and of which upper part, bent inside, is bolted to a counterpiece usually in T profile welded to the tank. Further known embodiments of rail tank wagons are those where the longitudinal cradle passes along the full length of the tank and the bolt joint of the tank and underframe is continuous along the full length of the tank.
A disadvantage of this known structure of rail tank wagons is that longitudinal tension of the tank coming from the longitudinal forces, which negatively influence overall strength of the wagon, are not eliminated to a satisfactory level. This disadvantage is obvious particularly for the rail tank wagons of higher volumes, e.g. over 80 m3. According to published patent application No. 2254-92, the embodiment, which improves connection between the tank and the underframe in the bed area is known and in the central part there is a straight section and the curved sections are on the sides. However, neither this improvement removes negative effects of longitudinal tension along the length of the wagon.
Therefore, the purpose of the invention is production of a rail tank wagon that would remove all the imperfections mentioned above.
Summary of the invention
The rail tank wagon according to the invention is fitted with cylinder tank in a known manner on the underframe, of which at least central part consists of two parallel longitudinal beams, and which is terminated by wagon ends with headstock and the main cross beam on both ends of the wagon. Above the main cross beams there are cross cradles arranged for placement of the tank and on the sides of the underframe there are longitudinal cradles for making a connection with the tank.
The substance of the invention is that each of the longitudinal beams has at least two brackets modified for connection with the tank on its upper part bent to the tank.
In an advantageous embodiment of the invention, the brackets produce notches stepping out in regular spans above the upper edges of the longitudinal beams, which is favourable particularly from the production point of view.
In another advantageous embodiment of the invention, the brackets are arranged in opposite pairs on the longitudinal beams, which improves deployment of both longitudinal and lateral forces transmitted to the underframe from the tank.
Furthermore, it is advantageous when there is a bearing plate between the bracket and tank shell, whereas the bracket and/or the bearing plate is favourably welded to the tank.
It is also advantageous when the longitudinal beams are made from bent L-profiles, which reduces production costs. Finally it is advantageous when also the longitudinal cradles are welded to the tank, which increases rigidity and stiffness of the rail tank wagon.
Welding of the tank to the structure of the underframe provides improved total loading capacity and rigidity of the assembly under vertical and horizontal forces load, which allows subtler dimensioning of the construction components and achieving of lower inherent wagon weight. The wagon reduced inherent weight improves the wagon utility parameter (proportion of inherent weight and loading capacity).
Brief description of the drawings
The invention will be described in detail in the drawings, where Fig. 1 shows the rail tank wagon, Fig. 2 shows the underframe, Fig. 3 shows bottom view on the longitudinal beams connected to the tank, Fig. 4 shows view on the wagon end, Fig. 5 shows bottom view on the wagon end with a part of the longitudinal beams welded to the tank.
Detailed description of the preferred embodiments
It is understood that the specific examples of the invention embodiments described and depicted below are indicative only and not as a limitation of examples of the invention embodiments to the examples shown. The experts skilled in the art can find or will be able to find, with the use of routine experimentation, either lower or higher number of equivalents to specific embodiments of the invention described specially in this invention. These equivalents will be included in the scope of the following claims as well.
The rail tank wagon 1 of Zacns category is fitted with the tank 2 volume of which is 85.5 cubic metres, placed on the underframe 3 with two bi-axle bogies 4.
The structure of the underframe 3 consists of two parallel longitudinal beams 5, ί made from bent L-profile sheet connected with lateral bracing rods. On both ends of the underframe 3 there are extended portals consisting of welded wagon ends 6. Each wagon end 6 contains a headstock 7 and the main cross beam 10. On the headstock 7, there is the draw gear 8 and two buffers 9. Above the main cross beams 10 there are weldments forming the cross cradles Λ Λ where the tank 2 is placed without welding.
Each of the longitudinal beams 5, 5 is fitted with a series of vertical notches stepping out of the upper edge of the longer side of the L profile making up the longitudinal beam 5,ί . These notches are arranged in regular spans and they create the bracket 13 for welding to the tank 2. In fact, either flat or arc-bent bearing plates 14 are welded to the brackets 13 connected to the tank 2 shell by welding.
On each longitudinal beam 5, ί there are eight brackets 13 arranged on the longitudinal beam 5 and longitudinal beam 5^ in mutually opposite pairs.
In addition to the weldments on the longitudinal beams 5,51 the tank 2 is fixed to the underframe 3 with the use of four longitudinal cradles 12, which are in fact fixing sheets to which the tank 2 is welded as well.
Weight of the wagon is 22.3 tons, whereas the loading capacity is up to 67.7 tons.
Industrial applicability
The rail tank wagon according to the invention can be used for transport of liquid or gaseous materials on railways.
Overview of the positions used in the drawings
1 rail tank wagon
2 tank
3 underframe
bogie
5 longitudinal beam
6 wagon end
7 headstock
draw gear
buffer
10 main cross beam
11 cross cradle
12 longitudinal cradle
13 bracket
14 bearing plate

Claims

1. The rail tank wagon (1) with the cylinder shaped tank (2) located on the underframe (3), of which at least central part forms two parallel longitudinal beams (5, 5'), terminated with the wagon ends (6) and the headstock (7) and the main cross beam (10) on both ends, whereas there are cross cradles (11) are arranged above the main cross beams (10) for placement of the rail tank wagon (2) and on sides of the underframe (3) there are longitudinal cradles (12) for connection with the tank (2), characterized in that each of the longitudinal beams (5, 5') has at least two brackets (13) bent towards the tank (2) in the upper part, arranged for connection to the tank (2).
2. The rail tank wagon according to claim 1, characterized in that the brackets (13) form the notches in regular spans above the upper edge of the longitudinal beams (5, 5').
3. The rail tank wagon according to claim 1 and 2, characterized in that the brackets (13) are arranged in opposite pairs on the longitudinal beams (5, 5').
4. The rail tank wagon according to at least one of the claims 1 to 3, characterized in that there is the bearing plate (14) between the bracket (13) and tank (2) shell.
5. The rail tank wagon according to at least one of the claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the bracket (13) and/or bearing plates (14) are welded to the tank (2).
6. The rail tank wagon according to at least one of the claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the longitudinal beams (5, 5') are manufactured from bent L-profiles.
7. The rail tank wagon according to at least one of the claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the longitudinal cradles (12) are welded to the tank (2).
EP11802143.5A 2011-08-31 2011-11-16 Rail tank wagon Withdrawn EP2750952A1 (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CZ201124785U CZ22757U1 (en) 2011-08-31 2011-08-31 Tank wagon
PCT/IB2011/002983 WO2013030617A1 (en) 2011-08-31 2011-11-16 Rail tank wagon

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP2750952A1 true EP2750952A1 (en) 2014-07-09

Family

ID=44759309

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP11802143.5A Withdrawn EP2750952A1 (en) 2011-08-31 2011-11-16 Rail tank wagon

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP2750952A1 (en)
CZ (1) CZ22757U1 (en)
WO (1) WO2013030617A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105381851A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-03-09 徐妍玲 First supporting frame for rack of powder coating pulverizer

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104097651A (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-10-15 南车四方车辆有限公司 Heavy-duty frame-type bearing chassis and railway vehicle
DE102016007415B3 (en) * 2016-06-20 2017-09-07 Waggonbau Graaff Gmbh Stem in a chassis of a freight car and method for the assembly of a stem
RU205106U1 (en) * 2021-02-01 2021-06-28 Акционерное общество "Уралкриомаш" RAILWAY TANK

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE742652C (en) * 1941-05-30 1943-12-09 Arbel Sa Ets Rail tank cars
DE4126166A1 (en) * 1991-08-07 1993-02-11 Graaff Gmbh BASE FOR A RAILWAY TANK TROLLEY DESIGNED FOR HIGH AXLE LOADS
US7806058B2 (en) * 2008-03-28 2010-10-05 Gunderson Llc Tank car stub sill attachment

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
See references of WO2013030617A1 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105381851A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-03-09 徐妍玲 First supporting frame for rack of powder coating pulverizer

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2013030617A1 (en) 2013-03-07
CZ22757U1 (en) 2011-10-03

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