EP0143745A2 - Metal frame construction for windows or doors - Google Patents

Metal frame construction for windows or doors Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0143745A2
EP0143745A2 EP84810542A EP84810542A EP0143745A2 EP 0143745 A2 EP0143745 A2 EP 0143745A2 EP 84810542 A EP84810542 A EP 84810542A EP 84810542 A EP84810542 A EP 84810542A EP 0143745 A2 EP0143745 A2 EP 0143745A2
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
profile
metal frame
insulating
profiles
seal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Ceased
Application number
EP84810542A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0143745A3 (en
Inventor
Karl Sperr
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
3A Composites International AG
Original Assignee
Alusuisse Holdings AG
Alusuisse Lonza Services Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CH638783 priority Critical
Priority to CH6387/83 priority
Application filed by Alusuisse Holdings AG, Alusuisse Lonza Services Ltd filed Critical Alusuisse Holdings AG
Publication of EP0143745A2 publication Critical patent/EP0143745A2/en
Publication of EP0143745A3 publication Critical patent/EP0143745A3/en
Ceased legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B7/00Special arrangements or measures in connection with doors or windows
    • E06B7/16Sealing arrangements on wings or parts co-operating with the wings
    • E06B7/22Sealing arrangements on wings or parts co-operating with the wings by means of elastic edgings, e.g. elastic rubber tubes; by means of resilient edgings, e.g. felt or plush strips, resilient metal strips
    • E06B7/23Plastic, sponge rubber, or like strips or tubes
    • E06B7/2305Plastic, sponge rubber, or like strips or tubes with an integrally formed part for fixing the edging
    • E06B7/2307Plastic, sponge rubber, or like strips or tubes with an integrally formed part for fixing the edging with a single sealing-line or -plane between the wing and the part co-operating with the wing
    • E06B7/231Plastic, sponge rubber, or like strips or tubes with an integrally formed part for fixing the edging with a single sealing-line or -plane between the wing and the part co-operating with the wing with a solid sealing part
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/263Frames with special provision for insulation
    • E06B3/26301Frames with special provision for insulation with prefabricated insulating strips between two metal section members
    • E06B3/26303Frames with special provision for insulation with prefabricated insulating strips between two metal section members with thin strips, e.g. defining a hollow space between the metal section members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/54Fixing of glass panes or like plates
    • E06B3/58Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like
    • E06B3/62Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like of rubber-like elastic cleats
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/263Frames with special provision for insulation
    • E06B3/26301Frames with special provision for insulation with prefabricated insulating strips between two metal section members
    • E06B3/26305Connection details
    • E06B2003/26309Connection details using glue
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/263Frames with special provision for insulation
    • E06B3/26301Frames with special provision for insulation with prefabricated insulating strips between two metal section members
    • E06B3/26305Connection details
    • E06B2003/26312Snap connections
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/263Frames with special provision for insulation
    • E06B3/2632Frames with special provision for insulation with arrangements reducing the heat transmission, other than an interruption in a metal section
    • E06B2003/26325Frames with special provision for insulation with arrangements reducing the heat transmission, other than an interruption in a metal section the convection or radiation in a hollow space being reduced, e.g. by subdividing the hollow space
    • E06B2003/2633Frames with special provision for insulation with arrangements reducing the heat transmission, other than an interruption in a metal section the convection or radiation in a hollow space being reduced, e.g. by subdividing the hollow space the insulating strips between the metal sections having ribs extending into the hollow space
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/263Frames with special provision for insulation
    • E06B3/2632Frames with special provision for insulation with arrangements reducing the heat transmission, other than an interruption in a metal section
    • E06B2003/26332Arrangements reducing the heat transfer in the glazing rabbet or the space between the wing and the casing frame
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/263Frames with special provision for insulation
    • E06B2003/26349Details of insulating strips
    • E06B2003/26387Performing extra functions
    • E06B2003/26389Holding sealing strips or forming sealing abutments
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/54Fixing of glass panes or like plates
    • E06B3/58Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like
    • E06B3/62Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like of rubber-like elastic cleats
    • E06B2003/6217Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like of rubber-like elastic cleats with specific fixing means
    • E06B2003/6223Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like of rubber-like elastic cleats with specific fixing means with protruding parts anchored in grooves
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/54Fixing of glass panes or like plates
    • E06B3/58Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like
    • E06B3/62Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like of rubber-like elastic cleats
    • E06B2003/6217Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like of rubber-like elastic cleats with specific fixing means
    • E06B2003/6229Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like of rubber-like elastic cleats with specific fixing means with grooves anchoring the cleat on a rim
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/54Fixing of glass panes or like plates
    • E06B3/58Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like
    • E06B3/62Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like of rubber-like elastic cleats
    • E06B2003/6238Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like of rubber-like elastic cleats having extra functions
    • E06B2003/6244Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like of rubber-like elastic cleats having extra functions with extra parts sealing against the bottom of the glazing rebate or against the edge of the pane
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/54Fixing of glass panes or like plates
    • E06B3/58Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like
    • E06B3/62Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like of rubber-like elastic cleats
    • E06B2003/625Specific form characteristics
    • E06B2003/6264Specific form characteristics hollow
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S49/00Movable or removable closures
    • Y10S49/01Thermal breaks for frames

Abstract

Bei einer Metall-Rahmenkonstruktion für Fenster oder Türen aus zumindest zwei Profilen (3, 4 bzw. 25, 27), welche über einen Isolierstab miteinander verbunden sind, weist der Isolierstab (5 und/oder 26) einen Nutkanal (16) zur Aufnahme von einer Dichtung (17 und/oder 34 und/oder 40) auf.In the case of a metal frame construction for windows or doors made of at least two profiles (3, 4 or 25, 27) which are connected to one another via an insulating rod, the insulating rod (5 and / or 26) has a groove channel (16) for receiving a seal (17 and / or 34 and / or 40).

Description

  • Die Erfindung betrifft eine Metall-Rahmenkonstruktion für Fenster oder Türen aus zumindest zwei Profilen, welche über einen Isolierstab miteinander verbunden sind.The invention relates to a metal frame construction for windows or doors from at least two profiles, which are connected to one another via an insulating rod.
  • Derartige Metall-Rahmenkonstruktionen sind beispielsweise aus der CH-PS 584 338 bekannt. Dort ist ein Verbundprofil für Fensterrahmen dargestellt, bei welchem der Blendrahmen aus zwei Profilen zusammengesetzt ist, welche mittels eines Isolierstabes verbunden sind. Dieser Isolierstab besteht querschnittlich aus einem keilförmigen Block, an dessen Keilspitze in Schliesslage ein Dichtungsprofil des Flügelrahmens anschlägt. Diese blockartigen Isolierstäbe haben den Nachteil, dass sie bereits vor dem Einbau des Fensters bzw. sogar vor Anlieferung des Fensters zu einer Baustelle od.dgl. eingebaut sein müssen. Zudem kann ihnen keine andere Funktion als die alleinige Verhinderung von Kältebrücken zugeordnet werden.Such metal frame structures are known for example from CH-PS 584 338. There is a composite profile for window frames is shown, in which the frame is composed of two profiles which are connected by means of an insulating rod. The cross-section of this insulating rod consists of a wedge-shaped block, on the wedge tip of which a sealing profile of the casement strikes in the closed position. These block-like insulating rods have the disadvantage that they or the like even before the window is installed or even before the window is delivered to a construction site. must be installed. In addition, they cannot be assigned a function other than the prevention of cold bridges alone.
  • Der Erfinder hat sich zum Ziel gesetzt, die Isolierstäbe wesentlich einfacher handhabbar zu machen. Zudem sollen sie so ausgelegt werden, dass sie auch andere Funktionen innerhalb der Rahmenkonstruktion erfüllen können.The inventor has set itself the goal of making the insulating rods much easier to handle. In addition, they should be designed so that they can also perform other functions within the frame construction.
  • Zur Lösung dieser Aufgabe führt, dass der Isolierstab einen Nutkanal zur Aufnahme von einer Dichtung aufweist.To achieve this object, the insulating rod has a groove channel for receiving a seal.
  • Ueblicherweise werden die in Metall-Rahmenkonstruktionen notwendigen Dichtungen in von den Metall-Rahmenprofilen selbst gebildete Nuten eingesetzt. Dies kann dazu führen, dass die elastischen Dichtungen, z.B. bei schlechter Entgratung von Metallkanten, verletzt werden, was durch das Kunststoffmaterial der Isolierstäbe vermieden wird. Zudem ist es erheblich aufwendiger, Metall-Rahmenkonstruktionen mit notwendigen Nuten zu versehen, als diese zusammen in den Kunststoff der Isolierstäbe einzuformen. Speziell bei immer grösser werdenden Abständen von Metallprofilen brauchen auch die einzubauenden Mitteldichtungen der Rahmenprofile nicht mitzuwachsen, sondern können in den Isolierstab eingesetzt bzw. ausgetauscht werden. Auch ist hierdurch noch eine wirkungsvollere Ausgestaltung von Mitteldichtungen, insbesondere im Bereich der Verglasung, möglich, wie dies erfindungsgemäss weiter unten beschrieben wird.Usually, the seals necessary in metal frame constructions are in the metal frame profiles self-made grooves used. This can result in the elastic seals being damaged, for example in the event of poor deburring of metal edges, which is avoided by the plastic material of the insulating rods. In addition, it is considerably more complex to provide metal frame structures with the necessary grooves than to form them together in the plastic of the insulating rods. Especially when the spacing between metal profiles increases, the center seals of the frame profiles that need to be installed do not have to grow with them, but can be inserted or replaced in the insulating rod. This also enables a more effective configuration of center seals, in particular in the area of the glazing, as is described below according to the invention.
  • Bevorzugt wird der Nutkanal von zwei vom Isolierstab abragenden geneigten Klammerstreifen gebildet, welche eine hammerkopfartige Anformung an der Dichtung umgreifen. Die Dichtung kann dabei aus beliebigem Material bestehen. Bevorzugt werden gummiartige Dichtungen.The groove channel is preferably formed by two inclined clamp strips protruding from the insulating rod, which grip around a hammer head-like molding on the seal. The seal can consist of any material. Rubber-like seals are preferred.
  • Insgesamt soll ein Isolierstab so geformt sein, dass die Klammerstreifen einen Steg teilweise übergreifen, welcher beidseits von Köpfen begrenzt ist. Mit diesen Köpfen, die bevorzugt keilförmig ausgestaltet sind, greift der Isolierstab in ebenfalls hinterschnittene Nuten in den zu verbindenden Profilen ein. Damit wird sein fester Halt gesichert, wobei die Köpfe noch zusätzlich eine Längsrinne aufweisen können, mittels welcher Ungenauigkeiten in der Passform der Nut ausgeglichen werden.Overall, an insulating rod should be shaped so that the clip strips partially overlap a web which is delimited on both sides by heads. With these heads, which are preferably wedge-shaped, the insulating rod engages in undercut grooves in the profiles to be connected. This ensures its firm hold, whereby the heads can additionally have a longitudinal groove, by means of which inaccuracies in the fit of the groove are compensated for.
  • Eine weitere Möglichkeit der Ausgestaltung der Isolierstäbe besteht darin, dass der Steg sich beidseits in eine Oberlippe und eine Unterlippe teilt, welche zusammen eine Maulöffnung bilden. Diese Maulöffnung nimmt in Gebrauchslage eine den zu verbindenden Profilen anformte Zunge auf, welche gegebenenfalls noch eine Rasterzahnung aufweist, die mit einer Maulinnenzahnung übereinstimmt. Damit wird die Verankerung der Isolierstäbe mit den Rahmenprofilen verbessert.Another possibility of designing the insulating rods is that the web is divided on both sides into an upper lip and a lower lip, which together form a mouth opening. In the position of use, this jaw opening receives a tongue which is molded onto the profiles to be connected and which, if appropriate, also has a raster toothing which corresponds to an internal toothing. This improves the anchoring of the insulating rods to the frame profiles.
  • Zu einer weiteren Verbesserung der Verbindung der Rahmenprofile ist vorgesehen, dass jeweils zwei Isolierstäbe spiegelbildlich zueinander angeordnet sind. Dabei weisen ihre jeweiligen Nutkanäle nach aussen und können je nach Belieben mit einer Dichtung beaufschlagt werden.To further improve the connection of the frame profiles, it is provided that two insulating rods are each arranged in mirror image to one another. Their respective groove channels point outwards and can be fitted with a seal as required.
  • Mit derart ausgestalteten Isolierstäben ist eine sehr flexible Handhabung für Rahmenkonstruktionen möglich, wobei der besondere Vorteil darin besteht, dass je nach Anforderungen unterschiedliche Rahmenprofile miteinander verbunden werden können. Deswegen bedarf es einer geringeren Anzahl unterschiedlicher Rahmenprofile, was die Fertigung von Metall-Rahmenkonstruktionen insgesamt verbilligt. So ist es auch möglich, mittels dieser Isolierstäbe Profile für Rahmen von feststehenden Fenstern oder Fenstern mit Flügelrahmen bzw. Rahmen für Türen zu verbinden.With insulating rods designed in this way, very flexible handling for frame constructions is possible, the particular advantage being that, depending on the requirements, different frame profiles can be connected to one another. Therefore, a smaller number of different frame profiles is required, which makes the manufacture of metal frame structures cheaper overall. It is also possible to connect profiles for frames of fixed windows or windows with casements or frames for doors using these insulating bars.
  • Eine besonders günstige erfindungsgemässe Ausgestaltung kann beispielsweise bei einem Fenster oder einer Tür mit Verglasung dann durchgeführt werden, wenn ein Nutkanal eines Isolierstabes eine Gummidichtung mit einer hammerkopfförmigen Anformung aufnimmt, auf der die Verglasung ruht und die sich in Gebrauchslage in einer Schleife um die Verglasung legt und mit einer Lippendichtung von der Innenseite des Fensters her durch ein Halteprofil an die Verglasung gepresst ist. Dies bedeutet, dass entweder bei feststehenden Fenstern mit nur einem Blendrahmen oder bei öffenbaren Fenstern oder Türen mit einem Blendrahmen und einem Flügelrahmen der Blendrahmen oder der Flügelrahmen aus zumindest drei Profilen besteht. Neben einem Sichtprofil und einem Innenprofil tritt bei feststehenden Fenstern noch ein Halteprofil hinzu, welches mit dem Innenprofil eine Rastverbindung eingeht. In diesem Fall wird der Blendrahmen, bestehend aus dem Sichtprofil und dem Innenprofil, in die Fensterlaibung eingesetzt, sodann die Verglasung eingefügt und die Dichtungslippe um die Innenglasscheibe gelegt sowie diese mit dem Halteprofil festgespannt. Dadurch können gewisse bauseitige Toleranzen ausgeglichen werden. Bei einem Fenster oder einer Tür mit einem Blendrahmen und einem Flügelrahmen ist dagegen vorgesehen, dass der Blendrahmen aus einem Sichtprofil und einem Innenprofil und der Flügelrahmen aus einem Aussenprofil und einem Anschlagprofil besteht, wobei die jeweiligen Profile über Isolierstäbe miteinander verbunden sind und das Halteprofil nach Einlegen der schleifenförmigen Fensterdichtung und der Verglasung mit dem Aussenprofil eine Rastverbindung eingeht. Diese so vorgenommene Abdichtung der Verglasung erzeugt eine sehr wirkungsvolle Dampfsperre.A particularly favorable embodiment according to the invention can be carried out, for example, in the case of a window or a door with glazing if a groove channel of an insulating rod seals a rubber seal with a hammer head-shaped formation on which the glazing rests and which, in the position of use, loops around the glazing and is pressed against the glazing with a lip seal from the inside of the window by a holding profile. This means that either with fixed windows with only one frame or with openable windows or doors with a frame and a sash, the frame or sash consists of at least three profiles. In addition to a visible profile and an inner profile, there is also a holding profile for fixed windows, which enters into a snap connection with the inner profile. In this case, the window frame, consisting of the visible profile and the inner profile, is inserted into the window reveal, then the glazing is inserted and the sealing lip is placed around the inner glass pane and this is clamped with the holding profile. This allows certain on-site tolerances to be compensated for. In the case of a window or a door with a window frame and a casement frame, on the other hand, it is provided that the window frame consists of a sight profile and an inner profile and the casement frame consists of an outer profile and a stop profile, the respective profiles being connected to one another via insulating rods and the holding profile after insertion the loop-shaped window seal and the glazing with the outer profile make a snap connection. This sealing of the glazing creates a very effective vapor barrier.
  • Weiterhin sollen erfindungsgemäss bei einem Fenster oder einer Tür aus einem Blendrahmen und einem Flügelrahmen zusätzliche Dichtungselemente für beide Rahmenteile zueinander vorgesehen sein. Hierzu wird in den die Flügelrahmenprofile verbindenden Isolierstäben eine Dichtungslippe festgelegt, welche in Schliesslage des Fensters oder der Tür an einer Anschlagnase eines Gummiprofils liegt, wobei dieses Gummiprofil wiederum in einem Nutkanal eines der die Blendrahmenprofile verbindenden Isolierstäbe ruht.Furthermore, according to the invention, additional sealing elements for both frame parts are to be provided in a window or door made from a window frame and a casement frame which will be provided. For this purpose, a sealing lip is fixed in the insulating rods connecting the casement profiles, which lies in the closed position of the window or door on a stop lug of a rubber profile, this rubber profile in turn resting in a groove channel of one of the insulating rods connecting the frame profiles.
  • Die Erfindung beschränkt sich jedoch nicht auf die hier ge-schilderten Ausführungsbeispiele, sondern ist für weitere Variationen von Fenstern und Türen, beispielsweise Kippfenstern oder Schiebetüren, anwendbar. Insgesamt ergibt sich eine sehr weitreichende Ausgestaltungsmöglichkeit für den Konstrukteur, wobei die Herstellung von Fenstern vereinfacht ist.The invention is not limited to the g here e-signposted embodiments but is for other variations of windows and doors, for example, tilting windows or sliding doors, applicable. Overall, there is a very far-reaching design option for the designer, with the manufacture of windows being simplified.
  • Weitere Vorteile, Merkmale und Einzelheiten der Erfindung ergeben sich aus der nachfolgenden Beschreibung eines bevorzugten Ausführungsbeispiels sowie anhand der Zeichnung; diese zeigt in
    • Fig. 1 einen Querschnitt durch eine Metall-Rahmenkonstruktion mit teilweise dargestellter Verglasung;
    • Fig. 2 einen Ausschnitt aus Fig. 1;
    • Fig. 3 einen weiteren Ausschnitt aus Fig. 1.
    Further advantages, features and details of the invention result from the following description of a preferred exemplary embodiment and from the drawing; this shows in
    • 1 shows a cross section through a metal frame construction with partially shown glazing.
    • FIG. 2 shows a detail from FIG. 1;
    • 3 shows a further detail from FIG. 1.
  • Eine Metall-Rahmenkonstruktion R für Fenster oder Türen mit kittloser Verglasung besteht nach Fig. 1 aus einem Blendrahmen 1 und einem Flügelrahmen 2, welcher -- nicht darqestellt -- über Scharniere od.dgl. bewegbar ist, während der Blendrahmen 1 in einer Mauerlaibung od.dgl. festliegt. Dabei wird der Blendrahmen 1 von einem Sichtprofil 3 und einem Innenprofil 4 gebildet. Beide Profile,3 und 4 sind über Isolierstäbe 5 zur Vermeidung von Kältebrücken verbunden.A metal frame construction R for windows or doors with putty-free glazing according to FIG. 1 consists of a frame 1 and a casement 2, which - not shown - via hinges or the like. is movable during the Frame 1 or the like in a wall reveal. is fixed. The frame 1 is formed by a view profile 3 and an inner profile 4. Both profiles, 3 and 4 are connected via insulating rods 5 to avoid cold bridges.
  • Ein Isolierstab 5 weist gemäss Fig. 2 einen Stegstreifen 6 auf, welcher beidseits zu einer Oberlippe 7 und einer Unterlippe 8 mit dazwischen gebildeter Maulöffnung 9 aufgebaucht ist. In diese Maulöffnung 9 greift eine jeweils dem Sichtprofil 3 und dem Innenprofil 4 angeformte Zunge 10 ein, welche zur Oberlippe 7 hin eine Rasterzahnung 11 trägt. Die Zunge 10 bildet zusammen mit einem vom Sichtprofil 3 bzw. Innenprofil 4 abragenden Profilstreifen 12 eine hinterschnittene Nut 14, in welcher die Oberlippe 7 festliegt. Von der Oberlippe 7 stehen, den Stegstreifen 6 teilweise übergreifend, zwei querschnittlich krallenartig zueinander geneigte Klammerstreifen 15 ab, welche zwischen sich einen hinterschnittenen Nutkanal 16 formen, in den ein Gummiprofil 17 eingesetzt ist. Dieses ist von zwei Ausgleichskammern 18 durchzogen und stützt sich beidseits durch Anschlagleisten 20 und 21 gegen die Profilstreifen 12 ab. Jenseits eines in den Nutkanal 16 eingreifenden Hammerkopfes 22 ist das Gummiprofil 17 zu einer Anschlagnase 23 hochgezogen.According to FIG. 2, an insulating rod 5 has a web strip 6, which is bulged on both sides to form an upper lip 7 and a lower lip 8 with a mouth opening 9 formed therebetween. In this jaw opening 9 engages in each case the visible profile 3 and the inner profile 4 tongue 10 which carries a raster toothing 11 towards the upper lip 7. The tongue 10 forms, together with a profile strip 12 protruding from the visible profile 3 or inner profile 4, an undercut groove 14 in which the upper lip 7 is fixed. From the upper lip 7, partially overlapping the web strip 6, from two cross-sectionally claw-like clamp strips 15, which form an undercut groove channel 16 between them, into which a rubber profile 17 is inserted. This is traversed by two compensation chambers 18 and is supported on both sides by stop strips 20 and 21 against the profile strips 12. Beyond a hammer head 22 engaging in the groove channel 16, the rubber profile 17 is pulled up to a stop lug 23.
  • Der Flügelrahmen 2 besteht in dem in Fig. 1 gezeigten Ausführungsbeispiel aus einem Aussenprofil 25, welches wiederum durch Isolierstäbe 26 mit einem Anschlagprofil 27 verbunden ist. Zwischen dem Aussenprofil 25 und einem dem Anschlagprofil 27 aufgesetzten und durch eine Rastverbindung 28 festgelegten Halteprofil 29 befindet sich eine Verglasung 30, welche aus zwei Glasscheiben 31 mit zwischen ihnen gebildetem evakuierbaren Luftraum 32 besteht, wobei die Verglasung 30 von Gummidichtungen 33 und 34 abgestützt ist.In the exemplary embodiment shown in FIG. 1, the sash frame 2 consists of an outer profile 25, which in turn is connected to a stop profile 27 by insulating rods 26. Between the outer profile 25 and an attached to the stop profile 27 and by a snap connection 28 fixed holding profile 29 there is a glazing 30, which consists of two glass panes 31 with an evacuable air space 32 formed between them, the glazing 30 being supported by rubber seals 33 and 34.
  • Wie in Fig. 3 näher gezeigt, verbinden zwei Isolierstäbe 26 das Aussenprofil 25 und das Anschlagprofil 27, wobei sie sich jeweils mit ihren Köpfen 35 berühren und etwa mittig durch Stützstege 36 auseinander gehalten werden. Zwei Köpfe 35 einer Seite werden von keilförmigen Profilstreifen 37 eingeklemmt. In den Köpfen 35 befindet sich eine Rinne 38 zur Aufnahme von Dicht- und Klebematerial und zum Ausgleich von Passungenauigkeiten. Jeweils zwei Köpfe 35 sind wiederum durch einen Steg 6 verbunden, welcher -- wie bei den Isolierstäben 5 dargestellt -- von Klammerstreifen 15 teilweise übergriffen ist, die einen Nutkanal 16 zur Aufnahme einer hammerkopfartigen Anformung 39 an der Gummidichtung 34 und einer hammerkopfartigen Anformung 41 einer querschnittlich keilförmigen Dichtungslippe 40 aufweisen. Letztere liegt in Schliesslage des Metall-Rahmenprofils R der Anschlagnase 23 des Gummiprofils 17 an (Fig. 1).As shown in FIG. 3 in more detail, two insulating bars 26 connect the outer profile 25 and the stop profile 27, each touching with their heads 35 and being held apart approximately centrally by support webs 36. Two heads 35 on one side are clamped in by wedge-shaped profile strips 37. In the heads 35 there is a channel 38 for receiving sealing and adhesive material and for compensating for inaccuracies in fit. Each two heads 35 are in turn connected by a web 6, which - as shown in the insulating rods 5 - is partially overlapped by clip strips 15, which have a groove channel 16 for receiving a hammer-head-shaped molding 39 on the rubber seal 34 and a hammer-head-like molding 41 have cross-sectionally wedge-shaped sealing lip 40. The latter lies in the closed position of the metal frame profile R of the stop lug 23 of the rubber profile 17 (FIG. 1).
  • Zwischen der hammerkopfartigen Anformung 39 und einer der Verglasung 30 anliegenden Lippendichtung 42 ist die Gummidichtung 34 in einer Schleife 43 über die Profilstreifen 37 bzw. Teile des Aussenprofils 25 und des Anschlagprofils 27 gelegt und verhindert so jeglichen Durchtritt von Luft oder Dampf in das Halteprofil 29 oder einen Innenraum.The rubber seal 34 is placed in a loop 43 between the hammer head-like formation 39 and a lip seal 42 adjacent to the glazing 30 over the profile strips 37 or parts of the outer profile 25 and the stop profile 27 and thus prevents any passage of air or steam into the holding profile 29 or an interior.
  • Eine derartige dampfdichte Verglasung kann erfindungsgemäss auf einfache Weise von der Innenseite her vorgenommen werden, da erst nach dem Einbau von Blendrahmen 1 und Flügelrahmen 2 mit seinem Aussenprofil 25 und seinem Anschlagprofil 27 die Verglasung 30 auf die Gummidichtung 34 gesetzt und deren Lippendichtung 42 anschliessend mit dem Einbau des Halteprofils 29 an die innere Glasscheibe 31 gepresst wird.Such vapor-tight glazing can be carried out in a simple manner from the inside according to the invention the, because only after the installation of frame 1 and sash 2 with its outer profile 25 and its stop profile 27, the glazing 30 is placed on the rubber seal 34 and the lip seal 42 is then pressed with the installation of the holding profile 29 on the inner glass pane 31.

Claims (11)

1. Metall-Rahmenkonstruktion für Fenster oder Türen aus zumindest zwei Profilen, welche über einen Isolierstab miteinander verbunden sind,
dadurch gekennzeichnet,
dass der Isolierstab (5 und/oder 26) einen Nutkanal (16) zur Aufnahme von einer Dichtung (17 und/oder 34 und/oder 40) aufweist.
1. metal frame construction for windows or doors from at least two profiles which are connected to one another by an insulating rod,
characterized,
that the insulating rod (5 and / or 26) has a groove channel (16) for receiving a seal (17 and / or 34 and / or 40).
2. Metall-Rahmenkonstruktion nach Anspruch 1, dadurch ge-kennzeichnet, dass der Nutkanal (16) von zwei vom Isolierstab (5, 26) abragenden geneigten Klammerstreifen (15) gebildet ist, welche eine hammerkopfartige Anformung (22, 39, 41) an der Dichtung (17, 34, 40) umgreifen.2. Metal frame construction according to claim 1, characterized g e-denotes that the groove channel is formed (16) of two of the insulation rod (5, 26) projecting inclined clip strips (15) having a hammer head-like conformation (22, 39, 41) grasp the seal (17, 34, 40).
3. Metall-Rahmenkonstruktion nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Klammerstreifen (15) einen Steg (6) teilweise übergreifen, welcher beidseits von Köpfen (35) begrenzt ist, die in Gebrauchslage von jeweils zwei Profilstreifen (37) an den zu verbindenden Profilen (25, 27) umklammert sind.3. Metal frame structure according to claim 2, characterized in that the clip strips (15) partially overlap a web (6) which is delimited on both sides by heads (35) which, in the position of use, each have two profile strips (37) to be connected Profiles (25, 27) are clutched.
4. Metall-Rahmenkonstruktion nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Klammerstreifen (15) einen Steg (6) teilweise übergreifen, welcher beidseits eine Oberlippe (7) und eine Unterlippe (8) sowie dazwischen eine Maulöffnung (9) aufweist, welche in Gebrauchslage eine Zunge (10) des Profils (3) bzw. (4) aufnimmt.4. Metal frame construction according to claim 2, characterized in that the clip strips (15) partially overlap a web (6) which has an upper lip (7) and a lower lip (8) on both sides and in between a mouth opening (9) which in Use position a tongue (10) of the profile (3) or (4).
5. Metall-Rahmenkonstruktion nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Oberlippe (7) zusätzlich mit einem keilförmigen Profilstreifen (12) des Profils (3 bzw. 4) beaufschlagt ist.5. Metal frame structure according to claim 4, characterized in that the upper lip (7) is additionally acted upon by a wedge-shaped profile strip (12) of the profile (3 or 4).
6. Metall-Rahmenkonstruktion nach Anspruch 4 oder 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Zunge (10) eine Rasterzahnung (11) aufweist, welche in eine ähnliche Rasterzahnung der Maulöffnung (9) eingreift.6. Metal frame construction according to claim 4 or 5, characterized in that the tongue (10) has a raster toothing (11) which engages in a similar raster toothing of the jaw opening (9).
7. Metall-Rahmenkonstruktion nach wenigstens einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass weniq- stens zwei Isolierstäbe (5 und/oder 26) jeweils zwei Profile (3 und 4 oder 25 und 27) miteinander verbinden.7. metal frame construction according to at least one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that Weni q- least two insulating bars (5 and / or 26) in each case two profiles (3 and 4 or 25 and 27) together.
8. Metall-Rahmenkonstruktion nach wenigstens einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7 mit einer Verglasung, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein Nutkanal (16) eines Isolierstabes (5 oder 26) eine Gummidichtung (34) mit einer hammerkopfartigen Anformung (39) aufnimmt, auf der die Verglasunq (30) ruht und die sich in Gebrauchslage in einer Schleife (43) um die Verglasung (30) legt und mit einer Lippendichtung (42) von der Innenseite des Fensters her durch ein Halteprofil (29) an die Verglasung (30) gepresst ist.8. Metal frame structure according to at least one of claims 1 to 7 with glazing, characterized in that a groove channel (16) of an insulating rod (5 or 26) receives a rubber seal (34) with a hammer-like projection (39) on which the Glazing (30) rests and which, in the position of use, lies in a loop (43) around the glazing (30) and is pressed with a lip seal (42) from the inside of the window through a holding profile (29) to the glazing (30) .
9. Metall-Rahmenkonstruktion nach Anspruch 8 für ein feststehendes Fenster mit einem Blendrahmen, dadurch qekennzeichnet, dass der Blendrahmen (1) aus einem Sichtprofil (3) und einem Innenprofil (4) besteht, die beide über Isolierstäbe (5 oder 26) miteinander verbunden sind, wobei das Innenprofil (4) mit dem Halteprofil (29) eine Rastverbindung (ähnlich 28) eingeht.9. A metal frame structure according to claim 8 for a fixed window with a frame, characterized in that the frame (1) consists of a sight profile (3) and an inner profile (4), both of which are connected to one another via insulating bars (5 or 26) are, wherein the inner profile (4) with the holding profile (29) enters into a latching connection (similar to 28).
10. Metall-Rahmenkonstruktion nach Anspruch 8 für ein Fenster oder eine Tür mit einem Blendrahmen und einem Flügelrahmen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Blendrahmen (1) aus einem Sichtprofil (3) und einem Innenprofil (4) und der Flügelrahmen (2) aus einem Aussenprofil (25) und einem Anschlagprofil (27) besteht und die jeweiligen Profile (3 und 4 bzw. 25 und 27) über Isolierstäbe (5 bzw. 26) miteinander verbunden sind, wobei das Halteprofil (29) mit dem Aussenprofil (25) eine Rastverbindung (28) eingeht.10. Metal frame structure according to claim 8 for a window or a door with a frame and a sash, characterized in that the frame (1) from a view profile (3) and an inner profile (4) and the sash (2) from one Outer profile (25) and a stop profile (27) and the respective profiles (3 and 4 or 25 and 27) are connected to one another via insulating rods (5 or 26), the holding profile (29) with the outer profile (25) being one Locking connection (28) is received.
11. Metall-Rahmenkonstruktion nach Anspruch 10, dadurch ge-kennzeichnet, dass gegenüber der Dichtung (34) in einem weiteren Isolierstab (26) eine Dichtungslippe (40) festliegt, welche in Schliesslage des Fensters oder der Tür an einer Anschlagnase (23) eines Gummiprofils (17) anschlägt, wobei das Gummiprofil (17) in einen Nutkanal (16) eines der das Innenprofil (4) und das Sichtprofil (3) verbindenden Isolierstäbe (5) ruht.11. Metal frame construction according to claim 10, characterized g e-indicates that opposite the seal (34) a sealing lip (40) is fixed in a further insulating rod (26) which in closed position of the window or door at a stop lug (23) of a rubber profile (17), wherein the rubber profile (17) rests in a groove channel (16) of one of the insulating bars (5) connecting the inner profile (4) and the visible profile (3).
EP84810542A 1983-11-30 1984-11-09 Metal frame construction for windows or doors Ceased EP0143745A3 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CH638783 1983-11-30
CH6387/83 1983-11-30

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EP0143745A2 true EP0143745A2 (en) 1985-06-05
EP0143745A3 EP0143745A3 (en) 1986-02-26

Family

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP84810542A Ceased EP0143745A3 (en) 1983-11-30 1984-11-09 Metal frame construction for windows or doors

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US (1) US4614062A (en)
EP (1) EP0143745A3 (en)
DE (1) DE3343687A1 (en)
FI (1) FI844690L (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FI844690D0 (en)
FI844690L (en) 1985-05-31
FI844690A (en)
US4614062A (en) 1986-09-30
DE3343687A1 (en) 1985-06-05
FI844690A0 (en) 1984-11-29
EP0143745A3 (en) 1986-02-26

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