EP0013852A1 - Door consisting of slightly elastically deformable plastic profile members - Google Patents

Door consisting of slightly elastically deformable plastic profile members Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0013852A1
EP0013852A1 EP79401035A EP79401035A EP0013852A1 EP 0013852 A1 EP0013852 A1 EP 0013852A1 EP 79401035 A EP79401035 A EP 79401035A EP 79401035 A EP79401035 A EP 79401035A EP 0013852 A1 EP0013852 A1 EP 0013852A1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
panels
male
edge
assembly
door
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Ceased
Application number
EP79401035A
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German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Claude Delfolie
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Delfolie Claude
Original Assignee
Claude Delfolie
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to FR7902421A priority Critical patent/FR2447447B2/fr
Priority to FR7902421 priority
Application filed by Claude Delfolie filed Critical Claude Delfolie
Publication of EP0013852A1 publication Critical patent/EP0013852A1/en
Application status is Ceased legal-status Critical

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/70Door leaves
    • E06B3/7003Door leaves consisting of several adjacent similar elements, e.g. planks, without outer covering panels
    • E06B3/7005Door leaves consisting of several adjacent similar elements, e.g. planks, without outer covering panels without a separate supporting frame

Abstract

This is a modular-assembly door. The assembly of the sections of the stanchions and the panels comprising the dovetail groove (11) has a male edge and a female edge (32) of V-shaped general cross-section, the opening of the V being greater for the male edge than for the female edge so that the sides (34, 35) of the latter are applied constantly on the inclined flanks of the male edge, while sliding obliquely against one another, when a more or less large pressure on one towards the other (arrow 38,39) is exerted, and this is produced when they are brought closer together with a sizeable pressure in order to slide the assembly guide (29) and when the effort is released in order that the sections or stanchions assembled draw constantly on the said assembly guide. Application to garage doors in particular.

Description

  • La présente invention concerne une porte à base de profilés de résine synthétique légèrement déformables constituée d'éléments qui s'assemblent de façon modulaire. The present invention relates to a door with synthetic resin profiles slightly deformable consists of elements which are assembled in a modular manner.
  • Problème posé. Problem.
  • Il s'agit de réaliser des portes, généralement coulissantes horizontalement, et constituées par des éléments modulaires assemblés, pour le panneau central, qui est encadré par deux montants assemblés aux panneaux et une traverse supérieure ainsi qu'une traverse inférieure à section en U coiffant les chants horizontaux dû panneau. This is to make doors, sliding generally horizontally and consisting of modular elements assembled, in the center panel, which is framed by two uprights joined to the panels and an upper cross member and a lower cross-section U styling the horizontal edges due panel.
  • Il faut aussi réaliser les feuillures d'assemblage de deux ventaux de porte. We must also realize the assembly of two rebates door casements.
  • Etat de la Technique et inconvénients. State of the Art and disadvantages.
  • Il existe déjà des portes réalisées en profil étiré et extrudé de résine synthétique constituées d'éléments assemblés permettant d'obtenir une gamme de dimensions devant s'adapter aux dimensions des baies existantes. There are already doors made of stretched and extruded profile of synthetic resin consisting of assembled elements to obtain a range of sizes to fit the dimensions of existing windows. Cependant, les largeurs de ces portes varient de façon discontinue et ne permettent pas de s'adapter à toutes les dimensions existantes. However, the widths of these doors vary intermittently and do not allow to adapt to any existing dimensions.
  • Par ailleurs, lorsque la hauteur de la porte s'accroit, sa flexibilité augmente et il faudrait utiliser des profilés de section renforcée, ce qui multiplie les types et le nombre de profilés et fait varier l'aspect extérieur des portes. Furthermore, when the height of the door increases, increases flexibility and should be used reinforced section profiles, which multiplies the types and number of profiles and varying the exterior doors.
  • On peut citer, par exemple, le brevet FR 1 459 968 qui prévoit un cadre entourant des lames de remplissage en matière plastique, chaque lame portant sur ses rives des moyens d'emboitement agencés pour coopérer avec des moyens d'emboitement complémentaires que portent les rivés des lames aajacentes. Mention may be made, for example, patent FR 1,459,968 which provides a frame surrounding plastic filling blades, each blade on its banks interlocking means arranged to cooperate with means of complementary interlocking worn by riveted aajacentes of blades. La jonction laisse apparaître, au fond d'une rainure en V, un joint qui se prolonge perpendiculairement au plan de la porte suivant une fente qui peut tenter de disjoindre l'ensemble. The junction reveals, at the bottom of a V-groove, a seal that extends perpendicularly to the plane of the door in a slot may attempt to sever the assembly.
  • Dans le brevet français 2 420 016 au nom du demandeur, les montants 1, 3 ainsi que les panneaux 5 se rejoignent en laissant apparaître des joints en forme de V qui se prolongent, au fond du V et perpendiculairement au plan de la porte, par une fente. In French patent 2,420,016 in the name of the applicant, the uprights 1 and 3 and the panels 5 are joined in revealing seals V-shaped which extend at the bottom of V and perpendicular to the plane of the door, by a slit. Cette disposition nuit à l'étanchéité et n'assure pas un alignement parfait des éléments assemblés qui peuvent se décaler les uns par rapport aux autres étant donné le jeu existant entre les différentes pièces. This provision night for sealing and does not ensure a perfect alignment of the assembled elements which may be shifted from each other since the clearance between the various parts. Par ailleurs, ce joint peut inciter à provoquer la disjonction des éléments à l'aide d'un outil se terminant par une lame. Moreover, this seal may lead to cause the severance of the elements using a tool terminating in a blade.
  • Dans le brevet allemand 1 559 512, on prévoit d'assembler des panneaux par une réglette à double queue d'aronde, mais sans rainure en V à l'endroit de la jonction. In German Patent 1,559,512, the panels are provided to assemble a strip dual dovetail, but not V-shaped groove at the location of the junction. On a donc toujours le même inconvénient qui vient d'être cité (rainure de jonction apparente perpendiculaire au plan de la porte) mais en plus, il est difficile de mettre les panneaux modulaires rigoureusement dans le même plan et cela se voit au niveau du joint. It was therefore still the same problem that has been quoted (apparent junction groove perpendicular to the plane of the door), but in addition, it is difficult to rigorously modular panels in the same plane and it shows at the joint level . En outre, l'assemblage est difficile à réaliser avec un serrage suffisant, même si on enfonce la réglette à force. In addition, assembly is difficult to achieve with sufficient clamping, even if one pushes the slide force.
  • La présente invention est destinée à remédier à ces inconvénients. The present invention is intended to overcome these disadvantages.
  • Exposé de l'invention. Disclosure of the invention.
  • Suivant l'invention, la porte est caractérisée par le fait que l'assemblage des tranches des montants et des panneaux comportant la rainure à queue d'aronde il présente un chant mâle 31 et un chant femelle 32 à section générale en V, l'ouverture du V étant plus grande chez le chant mâle que chez le chant femelle si bien que les bords 34, 35 de celui-ci s'appliquent constamment sur les flancs inclinés du chant mâle en glissant obliquement les uns sur les autres lorsqu'on exerce une pression plus ou moins grande de l'un vers l'autre (flèche 38, 39), ce qui se produit quand on les rapproche avec une pression importante pour glisser la réglette d'assemblage 29 et qu'on relâche l'effort pour que les tranches ou montants assemblés tirent constamment sur ladite réglette d'assemblage. According to the invention, the door is characterized in that the assembly of wafers uprights and panels having the groove dovetail it has an external edge 31 and a female edge 32 in general V-section, the opening of the V being greater than in the male edge in the female edge so that the edges 34, 35 thereof is constantly applied on the inclined flanks of the male edge obliquely sliding on each other when pressure a greater or lesser pressure towards each other (arrow 38, 39), which occurs when we compare them with substantial pressure to slide the joining strip 29 is released and the effort to that the slices or amounts assembled constantly draw on said slider assembly.
  • Les bords du V du chant femelle, qui sont destinés à venir en contact avec le chant mâle dès le début du rapprochement des deux chants, présentent une partie à inclinaison plus forte vers l'intérieur formant un bourrelet d'appui sur les flancs inclinés du chant mâle. The edges of the V of the female edge, intended to come into contact with the male edge from the start of bringing together the two edges, have a steeper inclination inward portion forming a bearing bead on the inclined flanks of male vocals.
  • Plus précisément, les arêtes du chant femelle présentent un pan coupé d'inclinaison symétrique, par rapport au plan de joint perpendiculaire aux panneaux, à l'inclinaison du V du chant mâle, l'importance de ce pan coupé étant déterminée pour que, lorsque les éléments sont assemblés, il apparaisse extérieurement une rainure en V d'importance équivalente aux autres qui existent dans les profilés constituant les panneaux. Specifically, the edges of the female singing have a cutaway symmetrical inclination relative to the joint plane perpendicular to the panels, to the inclination of the male V song, the importance of the cutaway is determined so that when the elements are assembled, it appears externally a V-groove of similar importance to other differences in the profiles constituting the panels.
  • Dans un souci d'économie de matière, qui ne nuit nullement à la résistance des objets, on prévoit que la réglette d'assemblage décrite dans le brevet FR 2 420 016 au nom du demandeur soit évidée intérieurement. In a saving of material of concern, which has no adverse resistance of objects, it is expected that the assembly strip described in patent FR 2420016 in applicant's name is recessed inwardly.
  • Solution au problème, avantages et résultat industriel. Solution to the problem, and industrial advantages result.
  • Grâce à ces dispositions, l'opération d'assemblage s'effectue plus facilement et les différents éléments assemblés se retrouvent rigoureusement dans le même plan. Thanks to these features, the assembly operation is carried out more easily and the different elements assembled strictly found in the same plane. Le joint en V, à la jonction, est plus régulier et moins apparent puisque le plan de joint forme plusieurs dièdres et il est plus difficile de disjoindre les éléments. The V-seal at the junction, is more regular and less apparent as the parting line forms a plurality of dihedral and it is more difficult to separate the elements. Enfin, on réalise une économie de matière appréciable pour la réglette d'assemblage, qui gagne en élasticité. Finally, it achieves an appreciable saving of material for the connecting strip, which is gaining elasticity.
  • A la lumière de ce qui vient d'être expliqué, on voit nettement apparaître des résultats avantageux au niveau de la facilité d'assemblage, de la régularité des joints extérieurs du fait que les différents éléments sont maintenus dans le même plan, de l'inviolabilité de la porte et de l'économie de matière. In the light of what has just been said, we see clearly shows beneficial results in terms of ease of assembly, the regularity of exterior joints that various elements are held in the same plane, the inviolability of the door and material savings.
  • L'invention sera mieux comprise à l'aide de la description suivante qui en donne un exemple non limitatif de réalisation pratique et qui est illustré par les dessins joints. The invention will be better understood using the following description which gives a non-limiting practical embodiment and which is illustrated by the accompanying drawings.
  • Brève description des figures. Short description of the figures.
  • Dans ces dessins, In these drawings,
  • la figure 1 est une coupe transversale horizontale de deux éléments, à savoir un montant et un panneau, reliés par une pièce d'assemblage, suivant l'invention ; Figure 1 is a horizontal cross section of two elements, namely an amount and a panel, connected by a connecting piece according to the invention; la figure 2 est une coupe transversale d'un montant et d'une pièce d'assemblage, avant l'assemblage de ceux-ci. Figure 2 is a cross section of an upright and a joint part, prior to assembly thereof.
  • Description d'un mode de réalisation. Description of an embodiment.
  • En se reportant à la figure 1, on voit que le montant 27 est relié au panneau de remplissage 28 par une pièce ou réglette d'assemblage 29. Le montant 27 est similaire au montant l, prévu dans le brevet français 2 420 016 au nom du demandeur ; Referring to Figure 1, it is seen that the post 27 is connected to the filler panel 28 by a part or assembly of strip 29. The upright 27 is similar to the amount, provided in the French patent 2,420,016 in the name the applicant; le panneau 28 est similaire au panneau 5 du même brevet précité ; the panel 28 is similar to the panel 5 of the patent cited above; et la réglette d'assemblage 29 est similaire à la réglette 6 dudit brevet 2 420 016. and the assembling strip 29 is similar to the slider 6 of said patent 2,420,016.
  • Tout comme dans le brevet FR 2 420 016, le panneau 28 présente des rainures en V 16 qui simulent, dans la menuiserie en bois, la séparation entre les différentes lattes constituant un panneau. Just as in patent FR 2,420,016, the panel 28 has V-grooves 16 that simulate, in wooden joinery, the separation between the different slats constituting a panel.
  • En fait, les panneaux des portes de l'invention sont constitués de plusieurs panneaux de remplissage 28 et il faut que la jonction des différents panneaux 28 entre eux ou des panneaux avec les montants 27 fassent apparaître des rainures en V 30 d'aspect identique aux rainures 16. In fact, the door panels of the invention are made more filler panels 28 and must joining the various panels 28 or panels together with the amounts do 27 shows V-grooves 30 of identical appearance to grooves 16.
  • Pour obtenir ce résultat, il est prévu ici que le montant 27 présente un chant mâle 31,et un chant femelle 32 à section générale en V. Comme on le voit clairement dans la zone 33 de la figure 1, l'ouverture du V du chant mâle 3- est plus importante que l'ouverture du V du chant femelle 32, si bien que les bords renflés ou bourrelets d'appui 34, 35 du chant femelle s'appliquent constamment sur les flancs inclinés 36, 37 (comme on le voit plus clairement à la figure 2) du chant mâle et glissent obliquement les uns sur les autres lorsqu'on exerce une pression plus ou moins grande du montant 27 et du panneau 28 dans le sens des flèches 38, 39. To obtain this result, it is anticipated here that the upright 27 has an external edge 31, and a female edge 32 in general V-section as is clearly seen in the zone 33 of Figure 1, the opening of the V 3- male vocals is larger than the opening of the V of the female edge 32 so that the edges swollen or support ridges 34, 35 of the female edge is constantly applied on the inclined flanks 36, 37 (as will be seen more clearly in Figure 2) of the male voice and slide obliquely over each other when pressure is greater or less pressure of the upright 27 and the panel 28 in the direction of arrows 38, 39.
  • Ceci se produit quand on les rapproche, selon les flèches 38, 39, pour pouvoir glisser la réglette d'assemblage 29 dans les rainures en queue d'aronde 11 des montants 27 du panneau 28. Ceci se produit encore lorsqu'on relâche l'effort et que la déformation élastique des bords 34, 35 oblige ceux-ci à glisser contre les chants 36, 37 et à faire écarter légèrement le montant 27 du panneau 28 en sens inverse des flèches 38 et 39 pour tirer sur la réglette d'assemblage 29 qui peut se déformer légèrement vu ses évidements. This occurs when one brings them together, according to the arrows 38, 39, to slide the connecting strip 29 into the grooves dovetail 11 of the uprights 27 of panel 28. This also occurs when releasing the effort and that the elastic deformation of the edges 34, 35 forcing them to slide against the edges 36, 37 and to depart slightly from the amount 27 of panel 28 in the opposite direction of the arrows 38 and 39 to pull the assembly strip 29 which can deform slightly seen its recesses. Les différentes pièces ont des dimensions prévues pour que, après le retrait qui vient d'être précisé, la rainure en V 30 ait les mêmes dimensions et le même aspect que les rainures en V 16. Dans cet esprit, les arêtes du chant femelle 32 présentent des pans coupés 40, 41 d'inclinaison symétrique, par rapport au plan de joint perpendiculaire au panneau 28, à l'inclinaison du V du chant mâle 31, c'est-à-dire à l'inclinaison des flancs inclinés 36, 37. Une autre particularité de la présente invention réside dans le fait que la réglette d'assemblage 29 présente des évidements longitudinaux 42, 43, 44 qui l'allègent et qui rendent ses parois plus homogènes. The different parts have dimensions provided so that, after the shrinkage which has been stated, the V-groove 30 has the same dimensions and the same appearance as the V-grooves 16. With this in mind, the edges of the female edge 32 have beveled corners 40, 41 symmetrical inclination relative to the joint plane perpendicular to the panel 28, by tilting the V edge 31 of the male, that is to say the inclination of the inclined sides 36, 37. another feature of the present invention lies in the fact that the connecting strip 29 has longitudinal recesses 42, 43, 44 which mitigate and render its walls more homogeneous. Ces évidements n'affectent en rien la résistance de ces réglettes 29 mais en améliorent l'élasticité qui se conjugue à l'élasticité des chants des montants 27 et panneaux 28 pour faciliter l'assemblage. These recesses do not affect the resistance of these strips 29 but improve elasticity which is combined with the elasticity of the songs of the amounts 27 and 28 panels for easy assembly.

Claims (4)

1. Porte à base de profils de résine synthétique légèrement déformable qui s'assemble de façon modulaire, à raison de panneaux centraux encadrés par deux montants assemblés aux panneaux et une traverse supérieure ainsi qu'une traverse inférieure à section en U coiffant les chants horizontaux des panneaux, caractérisé par le fait que l'assemblage des tranches des montants et des panneaux comportant la rainure à queue d'aronde présente un chant mâle et un chant femelle à section générale en V, l'ouverture du Vétant plus grande chez le chant mâle que chez le chant femelle, si bien que les bords de celui-ci s'appliquent constamment sur les flancs inclinés du chant mâle en glissant obliquement les uns sur les autres lorsqu'on exerce une pression plus ou moins grande de l'un vers l'autre, ce qui se produit quand on les rapproche avec une pression importante pour glisser la réglette d'assemblage et qu'on relâche l'effort pour que les tranches ou montants assemblés 1. Door base slightly deformable synthetic resin profiles that are assembled in a modular manner, in a proportion of center panels framed by two uprights joined to the panels and a top rail and a bottom rail with U-shaped section the horizontal edges styling panels, characterized in that the assembly of wafers uprights and panels having the dovetail groove has a male voice and a female voice at general V-section, the greater Vétant opening in singing male and in the female edge, so that the edges thereof is constantly applied on the inclined flanks of the male edge obliquely sliding over each other when pressure is greater or less pressure toward the other, which occurs when we compare them with substantial pressure to slide the assembly strip is released and the effort to the wafers or amounts assembled tirent constamment sur ladite réglette d'assemblage. constantly draw on said slider assembly.
2. Porte à base de profils de résine synthétique légèrement déformable, telle que définie dans la revendication 1, caractérisée par le fait que les bords du V du chant femelle, qui sont destinés à venir en contact avec le chant mâle dès le début du rapprochement des deux chants, présentent une partie à inclinaison plus forte vers l'intérieur formant un bourrelet d'appui sur les flancs inclinés du chant mâle. 2. Door basic profiles slightly deformable synthetic resin such as defined in claim 1, characterized in that the edges of V of the female edge, intended to come into contact with the male edge from the beginning of the approximation the two edges, have a steeper inclination to inward portion forming a bearing bead on the inclined flanks of the male vocals.
3. Porte à base de profils de résine synthétique légèrement déformable, telle que définie dans la revendication 1, caractérisé e par le fait que les arêtes du chant femelle présentent un pan coupé d'inclinaison symétrique, par rapport au plan de joint perpendiculaire aux panneaux, à l'inclinaison du V du chant mâle, l'importance de ce pan coupé étant déterminée pour que, lorsque les éléments sont assemblés, il apparaisse extérieurement une rainure en V d'importance équivalente aux autres qui existent dans les profilés constituant les panneaux. 3. Door synthetic resin profiles slightly deformable, as defined in claim 1, characterized by the fact that the edges of the female singing have a cutaway symmetrical inclination relative to the joint plane perpendicular to the panels , to the inclination of the male V song, the importance of the cutaway is determined so that when the elements are assembled, it appears externally a V-groove of similar importance to other differences in the profiles constituting the panels .
4. Porte à base de profils de résine synthétique, telle que définie dans l'une ou l'autre des revendications 1, 2 ou 3, prise isolément, caractérisée par le fait que la réglette d'assemblage est évidée intérieurement. 4. Door synthetic resin profiles, as defined in either of claims 1, 2 or 3, taken separately, characterized by the fact that the connecting strip is recessed inwardly.
EP79401035A 1978-03-16 1979-12-18 Door consisting of slightly elastically deformable plastic profile members Ceased EP0013852A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR7902421A FR2447447B2 (en) 1978-03-16 1979-01-25
FR7902421 1979-01-25

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EP0013852A1 true EP0013852A1 (en) 1980-08-06

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EP79401035A Ceased EP0013852A1 (en) 1978-03-16 1979-12-18 Door consisting of slightly elastically deformable plastic profile members

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EP (1) EP0013852A1 (en)
ES (1) ES247926Y (en)

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US5970675A (en) * 1997-12-05 1999-10-26 James D. Wright Modular panel assembly
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US8776473B2 (en) 2010-02-04 2014-07-15 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8826622B2 (en) 2005-03-31 2014-09-09 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor panel having coupling parts allowing assembly with vertical motion
US8857126B2 (en) 2011-08-15 2014-10-14 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
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US8887468B2 (en) 2011-05-06 2014-11-18 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for building panels
US8991055B2 (en) 2006-06-02 2015-03-31 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering, floor element and method for manufacturing floor elements
US8997430B1 (en) 2010-04-15 2015-04-07 Spanolux N.V.-Div. Balterio Floor panel assembly
US9216541B2 (en) 2012-04-04 2015-12-22 Valinge Innovation Ab Method for producing a mechanical locking system for building panels
US9260870B2 (en) 2014-03-24 2016-02-16 Ivc N.V. Set of mutually lockable panels
US9366036B2 (en) 2012-11-22 2016-06-14 Ceraloc Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US9458634B2 (en) 2014-05-14 2016-10-04 Valinge Innovation Ab Building panel with a mechanical locking system
US9725912B2 (en) 2011-07-11 2017-08-08 Ceraloc Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US10017948B2 (en) 2013-06-27 2018-07-10 Valinge Innovation Ab Building panel with a mechanical locking system
US10113318B2 (en) 2005-03-31 2018-10-30 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor panel for forming and enhanced joint
US10138636B2 (en) 2014-11-27 2018-11-27 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US10246883B2 (en) 2014-05-14 2019-04-02 Valinge Innovation Ab Building panel with a mechanical locking system
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Citations (5)

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ES247926U (en) 1980-04-16

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