CN2880907Y - Negative pressure dust suction and removing road-sweeping lorry - Google Patents

Negative pressure dust suction and removing road-sweeping lorry Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2880907Y
CN2880907Y CN 200520097331 CN200520097331U CN2880907Y CN 2880907 Y CN2880907 Y CN 2880907Y CN 200520097331 CN200520097331 CN 200520097331 CN 200520097331 U CN200520097331 U CN 200520097331U CN 2880907 Y CN2880907 Y CN 2880907Y
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China
Prior art keywords
dust
pipe
air
dust suction
chassis
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 200520097331
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
秦琪
方先学
肖志强
周尚学
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Individual
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Individual
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Abstract

The present utility model relates to a negative pressure dust suction and removing road-sweeping lorry. This lorry is modified from general automobile chassis which powered by an automobile engine. Air supply and blowing system, air suction& dust suction and suppression purification system, water supply spray system are installed on the chassis inside the car body. Dust suction hood and air spray nozzle assembly are installed under the chassis. The present utility model provides good dust suction and removing road sweeping effect, high work efficiency, compact structure, low cost and convenient operation.

Description

A kind of suction type dust suction dedusting road-sweeper
Technical field:
The utility model relates to a kind of road-sweeper, relates to a kind of suction type dust suction dedusting road sweeper specifically, belongs to pollution treatment environment mechanical field.
Prior art:
In existing road cleaning dedusting technology, three kinds of forms are arranged roughly: 1. hand sweeping dedusting, it exists labour intensity big, and efficient is low, and produces secondary pollution, and sweeps unclean; 2. use the sprinkling truck to spray flushing, use the sprinkling truck to spray the back fog and combine, make dust be dissolved in ground, but it is temporary transient with dust, wait fog to evaporate after, dust still can be kicked up; 3. with special-purpose " road sweeper " cleaning, though efficient height, but the existing mechanical road sweeper be adopt with bowl-shape brush or horizontal round brush with the rubbish on the road surface, dust behind cyclone dust removal separate and subside garbage dust, dust-contained airflow is through fan outlet, directly enter in the air, make the dust secondary fly-up, cause secondary pollution.
Summary of the invention:
Big in order to overcome in the prior art dedusting labour intensity, dust easily causes secondary pollution, and be difficult for dust is removed clean problem, the utility model provides a kind of suction type dust suction dedusting road-sweeper, this car can not only sink to light rubbish and dust absorption in the dust storage tank, and the surplus dirt of eliminating is combined through atomized water with gas, and gas is further purified, reduce secondary pollution.
The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is: a kind of suction type dust suction dedusting road-sweeper is the suction type dust suction dedusting road-sweeper that becomes with the General Motors chassis refit, all dust suction cleaners all are contained in the van-type compartment (1), and its power resources are in automobile engine; Adopt negative pressure dust suction, cyclone dust removal and atomizing de-dusting filtration system, it is characterized in that:
A. be provided with little blower fan of high pressure (2) and big blower fan (8) in the front portion of automobile chassis, little blower fan (2) is connected by the bend pipe that has flange (3), air pipe (4), the other end of air pipe (4) is connected with the bend pipe that has flange (5), the other end of flange is connected with flexible bag (6), air nozzle assembly (72) is equipped with in the lower end of flexible bag (6), forms gas transportation blowing system.
B. the air intake (7) that is contained in the big blower fan (8) on the chassis is connected by flanged (FLGD) straight tube (26), air draught vertical tube (16), bend pipe (24), ∩ type bend pipe (15), cyclone separator (14), air intake on the cyclone separator (14) with take out dirt straight tube (22), bend pipe (19), flexible bag (65), dust shield (67) is connected, and forms the dust suction dust falling system of bleeding.
C. be contained in outlet, the bend pipe (12) of the flanged dish of straight tube (11), (21), air pipe (13), (20), (23) of the big blower fan (8) on the automobile chassis, sound absorber (18) is formed exhaust depositing dust cleaning system with spraying nozzle device (28).
D. be contained in water pump (95), two-way electromagnetic valve (94), manually-operated gate (91), water tank (90), pipeline (92), (93), (98), (100), tee piece (99), (87) on the automobile chassis, plug (101), three-way elbow (89), fountain head device (28) are formed the water supply spraying system.
The air nozzle assembly is provided with flexible bag (70), high-pressure jet distribution pipe (75), is equipped with 30 on the distribution pipe (75)---and the two ends of 50 hose couplings (74), distribution pipe (75) is equipped with bulkhead (76).Air nozzle is installed on the hose coupling; By installing plate (81) distribution pipe (75) is fixed on the skewback of dust shield (67), the center line of distribution pipe (75) cross section is a 25-40 ° of angle with the center line that shower nozzle plastic hose (73) is installed.Air nozzle places in the hole on dust shield (67) inclined-plane, by lifting rope (77) the air nozzle assembly is suspended under the automobile chassis, and an end of lifting rope (77) hangs on the suspension hook (78), and the other end hangs on the hanger (79); Dust shield (67) is contained on the adjusting support under the automobile chassis.
Cyclone separator (14) is installed on the dust storage tank (58).The bottom of dust storage tank is the curved plate (54) that raises up, and is provided with a seat assembly (55) below curved plate, and a seat assembly is fixed on the automotive frame (56); Be provided with a pair of two-way cylinder (50) in the dust storage tank bottom, the cylinder two ends is respectively hinge (43) and connects, and an end connects Dump gate (47), and the other end connects cylinder support frame (52).
Description of drawings:
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further specified.
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the sectional view of cyclone separator, dust storage tank.
Fig. 3 is that the A of Fig. 2 is to view.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of flexible bag, jet thrust.
Fig. 5 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is a gases at high pressure nozzle structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 7 is an atomizing de-dusting water system schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 8 is the schematic appearance of the utility model suction type dust suction dedusting road-sweeper.
The specific embodiment:
In the example of Fig. 1, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, the little blower fan of high pressure (2) is installed in the front portion of the big case of automobile chassis (1) (hereinafter to be referred as big case), and is fastening with the base plate of (1) with bolt.On the air outlet upper flange (5) of blower fan (2), the bend pipe (3), the flange bolton.The other end of bend pipe (3) is connected with flange on the steel pipe of supplying gas (4) uses bolton, the other end of steel pipe (4) of supplying gas is connected fastening with another flanged (FLGD) elbow (5), the other end of elbow (5) and flange (6) are connected and fixed with the flange of circular flexible bag (70), end flanges and distribution pipe threeway flange (82) are fastening with screw under the flexible bag, distribute tee piece (83) again and be welded in top hose coupling (74), (84), link to each other with air nozzle (72) with flexible pipe (73), elbow (71), air nozzle joint (86), form a blowing device.Like this, after high pressure positive blower (2) obtains power, i.e. running produces the high pressure body, through elbow (3), the steel pipe of supplying gas (4), elbow (5), flexible bag (6), air distribution (75), hose coupling and elbow (71), gas nozzle joint (86) and air nozzle (72), through its long and narrow spout ejection, dust and light rubbish are blowed floating.
Big blower fan (8) is fastened on the following base plate of big case (1) with bolt (9), nut (10), and air intake (7) stub end is screwed on the air intake flange of big blower fan (8) with bolt; The other end links to each other with bolt with the straight tube of bleeding (26) with flange, and the other end of straight tube (26) and bend pipe (24) (air draught elbow) flange bolted on connection, the upper end of bend pipe (24) links with bolt with the flange of flange and vertical tube (16) (air draught vertical tube), the other end and ∩ type pipe (15) flange and cyclone separator link with bolt, the ∩ type pipe other end then with louver exhausting tube (30) above flange (32), rubber pad (33) links, louver exhausting tube (30) is welded on the louver exhausting tube (30) with the little flange of welding (31), and the other end uses bolton on cyclone separator upper plate (34), and eliminator upper plate (34) and cyclonic separation cylinder (35) are welded together.
The top of cyclonic separation cylinder (35) is welded with guide strip on the involute level (36) and lower guide plate (39), flange gasket (38) is contained on the flange (37), and upright to guide strip (63), corresponding the welding of involute flange (37), involute flange (37) and rubber pad (38) with bolt and the Di Yuan of old name for the Arabian countries in the Middle East take out that dirt is inhaled straight tube (17), taken out dirt elbow (19), day field square joint (22) and flexible bag (65), sky field square tube (66), square knuckle (69) use bolted on connection.After obtaining power running, big blower fan (8) makes blast pipe (7), by the straight tube of bleeding (26), bend pipe (24), vertical tube (16), ∩ type pipe (15), louver exhausting tube (30), cyclonic separation cylinder (35), the Di Yuan of old name for the Arabian countries in the Middle East takes out dirt straight tube (17), take out dirt elbow (19), it field square joint (22), flexible bag (65), and dust shield (67) is formed exhausting system, make flexible bag (65), produce negative pressure in the dust shield (67), therefore blower fan (8) is to producing powerful draft in the air draft pipe, the band pressed gas that high pressure positive blower (2) is carried arrives the numerous gases that are installed on the dust shield inclined-plane through gas pipeline, air nozzle (72) blows floating light rubbish and dust to ground gas jet in the dust shield.The effect of the powerful draft that produces in to air draft pipe at big blower fan (8) simultaneously, forming one floating one inhales, light rubbish and dust are delivered in the involute groove of cyclone separator cylinder (35) by inhaling in the cleaner head (27), rotate generation centrifugal force at a high speed along involute, light rubbish and dust granule land along cyclone separator barrel (35).At this moment, band dirt air-flow from the little old name for the Arabian countries in the Middle East's ground circle of section take out enter suddenly the dirt pipe bigger by 10 than pipeline---in 15 times the pipe (35), rotary speed then falls sharply.The floating velocity of light rubbish and dust descends greatly, thereby the light rubbish of the overwhelming majority and dust all drop to below the eliminator cylinder, and the dust-storage chamber that falls in the dust storage tank (58) stores, and a storage up to dust storage tank (57) at the bottom of reducing to tin.
Since the contaminated air after the running of blower fan (8) is separated through big blower fan (8) export to a day field square tube (11), through corner (12) and air pipe (13), sound absorber (18), exhaust straight tube (20), elbow (21), in the time of will being discharged to big case afterbody through the gas that only contains small amount of dust after separating by stack (23), mix with waste gas through fountain head (28) ejection fog that again its purified gas is discharged in the air of the big case afterbody of automobile.
In the embodiment of Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, cyclone separator cylinder (35), it is to be welded in the bottom with the big flange of welding (40), rubber cushion on the pad uses bolton on dust storage tank upper plate (59).And (59) are welded in dust storage tank front and back side plate (41), (58) and front vertical plate (60), back vertical plate (64) welding formation one casing (58), and bottom half is dust-storage chamber (57)
The arc (54) of dust storage tank bottom for raising up is provided with a seat assembly (55) below arc, a seat assembly is fixed on the automotive frame (56).Front vertical plate (60), back vertical plate (64), stripper (48) are welded together, the door hinge of burn-oning, load onto Dump gate (47), hinge axis, plain cushion, cottor pin.Dust storage tank is contained on pair beam (53), fill up and prop up seat assembly (55), putting on bolt locates, assembly (55) is welded, the double-acting cylinder (50) that special use is opened the door also is installed in the dust storage tank bottom, one end of cylinder is positioned in the installing hole on the cylinder support frame (52), and latch (51) is inserted in the hole, and the other end is installed on the Dump gate (47); When air pump obtains dynamically working, after opening valve and giving cylinder (50) input gas, piston promotes piston rod (49) and pushes Dump gate open discharging; Work as conversion valve, gas makes piston and piston rod (49) push afterbody to during from the other end air inlet of cylinder, Dump gate (47) is retracted promptly close.
In the embodiment of Fig. 8, water pump (95), water tank (90) is fixed by bolts on the following base plate of railway carriage (1), before running, open manually-operated gate (91) earlier, open electromagnetic valve (94) again, water promptly enters into water pump from water tank (90), after water pump is obtained power, with water through water pipe head (96), elbow (97), straight tube (98), threeway (99), (plug (100) is installed on the tee piece, little plug (101) is housed with standby on another mini three links pipe) flow to mini three links to elbow (89), Guan Sitou (88), mini three links (87) are mixed with waste gas that by sprinkler head (28) ejection fog waste gas is purified.

Claims (3)

1. a suction type dust suction dedusting road-sweeper is the suction type dust suction dedusting road-sweeper that becomes with the General Motors chassis refit, and the dust suction cleaner is contained in the van-type compartment, and its power resources are in automobile engine; Adopt the dust suction of jet floating dust negative pressure, cyclone separator to separate dedusting and atomizing de-dusting filtration system composition, it is characterized by:
A. be provided with little blower fan of high pressure (2) and big blower fan (8) in the front portion of automobile chassis, little blower fan (2) is connected by the bend pipe that has flange (3), air pipe (4), the other end of air pipe (4) is connected with the bend pipe that has flange (5), the other end of flange is connected with flexible bag (6), air nozzle assembly (72) is equipped with in the lower end of flexible bag (6), forms gas transportation blowing system;
B. the air intake (7) that is contained in the big blower fan (18) on the chassis is connected by flanged (FLGD) straight tube (26), air draught vertical tube (16), bend pipe (24), ∩ type bend pipe (15), cyclone separator (14), air intake on the cyclone separator (14) with take out dirt straight tube, bend pipe (19), flexible bag (65), dust shield (67) is connected, form and take out the dirt dust falling system;
C. be contained in bend pipe (12), (21) of the flanged dish of outlet (11) of the big blower fan (8) on the automobile chassis, dispatch tracheae (13), (20), (23), sound absorber (18), fountain head device (28) are formed exhaust depositing dust cleaning system;
D. be contained in water pump (95), two-way electromagnetic valve (94), manually-operated gate (91), water tank (90), pipeline (92), (93), (98), (100) on the automobile chassis, tee piece (99), (87), plug (101), three-way elbow (89), fountain head device (28) are formed the water supply spraying system.
2. a kind of suction type dust suction dedusting road-sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the nozzle assembly is provided with flexible bag (70), jet distribution pipe (75), is equipped with 30 on the distribution pipe (75)---and 50 flexible pipe heads (74), air nozzle are installed on the flexible pipe head; By installing plate (81) distribution pipe (75) is fixed on the skewback of dust shield (67), air nozzle places in the beveled aperture of dust shield (67).Dust shield (67) is contained on the adjusting support under the automobile chassis.Air nozzle places in the beveled aperture of dust shield (67), by lifting rope (77) the nozzle assembly is suspended under the chassis of automobile tail.
3. according to claims 1 described a kind of suction type dust suction dedusting road-sweeper, it is characterized in that: cyclone separator (14) is installed on the dust storage tank (58).The bottom of dust storage tank is the curved plate (54) that raises up, and is provided with a seat assembly (55) below curved plate, and a seat assembly is fixed on the automotive frame (56); Be provided with a pair of two-way cylinder (50) in the dust storage tank bottom, the cylinder two ends is respectively hinge and connects, and an end connects Dump gate, and the other end connects cylinder support frame (52).
CN 200520097331 2005-07-25 2005-07-25 Negative pressure dust suction and removing road-sweeping lorry Expired - Fee Related CN2880907Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520097331 CN2880907Y (en) 2005-07-25 2005-07-25 Negative pressure dust suction and removing road-sweeping lorry

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520097331 CN2880907Y (en) 2005-07-25 2005-07-25 Negative pressure dust suction and removing road-sweeping lorry

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CN2880907Y true CN2880907Y (en) 2007-03-21

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CN 200520097331 Expired - Fee Related CN2880907Y (en) 2005-07-25 2005-07-25 Negative pressure dust suction and removing road-sweeping lorry

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103696386A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-02 合肥华信电动科技发展有限公司 Automatic cleaning and dedusting system based on electric sweeping vehicle
CN104550178A (en) * 2015-01-12 2015-04-29 武汉蓝海燕智能装车设备有限公司 Dust collection cover of vacuum sweeper
CN106005845A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-10-12 白景魁 Double-notch garbage collection device of floor sweeping vehicle
CN106480844A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-03-08 浙江工业大学 A kind of road cleaning removes haze circulating device with dust suction
CN108560465A (en) * 2018-06-01 2018-09-21 秦皇岛握石环保科技有限公司 Suction type road-sweeping lorry
CN110374039A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-10-25 上海巡洁机械科技有限公司 A kind of refuse collector and the road sweeper with the device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103696386A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-02 合肥华信电动科技发展有限公司 Automatic cleaning and dedusting system based on electric sweeping vehicle
CN104550178A (en) * 2015-01-12 2015-04-29 武汉蓝海燕智能装车设备有限公司 Dust collection cover of vacuum sweeper
CN106005845A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-10-12 白景魁 Double-notch garbage collection device of floor sweeping vehicle
CN106480844A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-03-08 浙江工业大学 A kind of road cleaning removes haze circulating device with dust suction
CN108560465A (en) * 2018-06-01 2018-09-21 秦皇岛握石环保科技有限公司 Suction type road-sweeping lorry
CN108560465B (en) * 2018-06-01 2023-10-20 秦皇岛握石环保科技有限公司 Blowing-sucking road cleaning vehicle
CN110374039A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-10-25 上海巡洁机械科技有限公司 A kind of refuse collector and the road sweeper with the device

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C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
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