CN106638424A - High-pressure jet cleaning device and road pollution removing vehicle - Google Patents

High-pressure jet cleaning device and road pollution removing vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106638424A
CN106638424A CN201710104145.XA CN201710104145A CN106638424A CN 106638424 A CN106638424 A CN 106638424A CN 201710104145 A CN201710104145 A CN 201710104145A CN 106638424 A CN106638424 A CN 106638424A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning device
water
spray
storage bin
horizontally
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710104145.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄向阳
闫炳雷
陈晓奇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
FUJIAN HAISHAN MACHINERY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
FUJIAN HAISHAN MACHINERY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by FUJIAN HAISHAN MACHINERY Co Ltd filed Critical FUJIAN HAISHAN MACHINERY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710104145.XA priority Critical patent/CN106638424A/en
Publication of CN106638424A publication Critical patent/CN106638424A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/10Hydraulically loosening or dislodging undesirable matter; Raking or scraping apparatus ; Removing liquids or semi-liquids e.g., absorbing water, sliding-off mud
    • E01H1/101Hydraulic loosening or dislodging, combined or not with mechanical loosening or dislodging, e.g. road washing machines with brushes or wipers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/10Hydraulically loosening or dislodging undesirable matter; Raking or scraping apparatus ; Removing liquids or semi-liquids e.g., absorbing water, sliding-off mud
    • E01H1/101Hydraulic loosening or dislodging, combined or not with mechanical loosening or dislodging, e.g. road washing machines with brushes or wipers
    • E01H1/103Hydraulic loosening or dislodging, combined or not with mechanical loosening or dislodging, e.g. road washing machines with brushes or wipers in which the soiled loosening or washing liquid is removed, e.g. by suction

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-pressure jet cleaning device and a road pollution removing vehicle. The high-pressure jet cleaning device comprises a rotary spray rod assembly, a transverse row spray rod assembly and an air suction duct. The rotary spray rod assembly and the transverse row spray rod assembly are installed in a cleaning device hood. A pipeline is connected with the rotary spray rod assembly and the transverse row spray rod assembly. The road pollution removing vehicle comprises the high-pressure jet cleaning device, a water tank, a storage bin and a vacuum unit. The high-pressure jet cleaning device is arranged under a vehicle chassis. The storage bin is in pipeline connection with the vacuum unit. The vacuum unit is connected with the air suction duct. The water tank is in pipeline connection with a high-pressure water system. The road pollution removing vehicle can be used for deeply cleaning roads in all directions without dead spaces, and the rotary high-pressure jet cleaning device can achieve multiple working modes through a switching valve. A separator of a unique structure is arranged in the storage bin, so that solid particles in airflow are filtered out, and exhaust air is purified. A dust removing device is arranged in the vacuum unit, and thus dust in airflow can be filtered out, and PM2.5 flying dust is reduced.

Description

A kind of high-pressure spray cleaning device and roadway pollution remove car
Technical field
The present invention relates to environmental sanitation vehicles cleaning device, more particularly to a kind of high-pressure spray cleaning device and roadway pollution are removed Car.
Background technology
With Chinese national economy high speed development and urbanization reform, people are to cities and towns living environment, sanitary condition Require also more and more higher.To improve living environment, town road pollution is reduced, ensure that people are healthy, cleaning roads become Necessary work daily.Traditional road-cleaning keep a public place clean operation when, need the plurality of devices such as sweeper, sweeper, sprinkling truck multiple Repeat operation, not only equipment investment amount is big, working strength is high, synthetic job high cost, and operation effectiveness cannot be guaranteed.
Now some public sweepers adopt rotating type high-pressure cleaning device, using hollow shaft fluid motor-driven hollow shaft and Connected water frame rotation, is equipped with multiple equally distributed nozzles on the ring pipe of water frame, but there is certain defect:1) each Cleaning device needs to be equipped with a set of fluid power system, system complex and with high costs;2) annular water frame is mounted with multiple sprays Mouth, to ensure high-pressure water pressure and cleaning effect, need high-pressure hydraulic pump to provide very big flow, water consumption is serious;3) car is worked as It is to ensure that road surface does not leave the helical trajectory that water jet strike ground is formed when travel speed is very fast, needs hydraulic motor to revolve Rotary speed can cause the reliability of rotary part to decline to a great extent quickly, then, and the corresponding cost that solves also is substantially increased.
The cleaning device of existing environmental sanitation sweeper is generally equipped with fixed V-type cloth using vertical plastic or steel wire besom A whole set of for the water under high pressure frame composition put washes the system of sweeping.The defect of presence is:1) the plastics besom quick abrasion that the device is adopted is easy , both there is water spray control accuracy low and wash that to sweep effect bad not in loss, and the easy road pavement of steel wire besom causes to damage Foot;2) cleaning effect is undesirable, and being bonded in the booty on ground can not be processed;3) dust diffuses and flies upward in cleaning process, easily Cause secondary pollution.
The content of the invention
In view of above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of high-pressure spray cleaning device and road Pollution cleanup car, it is intended to which when cleaning equipment adopts rotary-cleaning equipment in the traditional sweeper of solution solution at present, each is cleaned Device needs to be equipped with a set of fluid power system, system complex and with high costs, and conventional clean cannot be carried out only to air travel fatigue The problems such as changing car.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the technical solution used in the present invention is:A kind of high-pressure spray cleaning device also includes rotation Bar spray assembly, horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly and suction channel;The rotation bar spray assembly and horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly are arranged on cleaning device cover In vivo, the pipeline connection rotation bar spray assembly and horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly;
The rotation bar spray assembly includes the swivel joint of spray boom and connection spray boom, and the spray boom is respectively arranged at two ends with the One nozzle, two first jets are in opposite direction, and angled with spray boom downwards, and the first jet connects external high pressure Water;
The horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly;The horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly includes horizontally-arranged spray boom and second nozzle, and the nozzle is arranged On spray boom, and incline down, lead to external high pressure water;
The suction channel is arranged in cleaning device cover body, and the suction channel connects external vacuum extractor fan.
Beneficial effect:Pipeline is begun through for water under high pressure operation, rotate the rotation of bar spray assembly without the need for volume in equipment Outer power, rotates by the recoil strength of water under high pressure around swivel joint, and at a high speed the high-pressure water jet of rotation is bigger to ground generation Hitting power, be more suitable for the cleaning on serious pollution road surface;When carrying out road surface deep layer cleaning, more saving water resource;Simple structure, into This is cheap.
In order that splashing water has influence on urban landscape, passerby and vehicle during its cleaning when high-pressure spray cleaning device works, Used as a kind of preferred structure of the present invention, the cleaning device cover body includes skeleton, front apron and backboard;The front apron and Backboard is fixed on skeleton, and the front apron bottom surface and backboard bottom surface are in same level;The suction channel is arranged on Front apron medial surface, the medial surface is going up relatively for rear plate washer, the air draught mouth down of the suction channel, the rotation spray boom group Part and horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly are located on the skeleton between front apron and backboard, and the horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly is arranged on rotary components On skeleton and suction channel between, the second nozzle is towards the lower, planar between horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly and air port, the suction Air port, rotation bar spray assembly bottom and horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly bottom are higher than front apron bottom surface.The cover body is used to block to sputter The water for coming;Cover body can be very good that splashing water is limited in cover body;Cover body can be made when being so designed that installation more snugly Face.
In order to select different mode of operations in different road surface cleanliness factors, as a kind of preferred structure of invention, high injection First jet described in stream cleaning device connects external high pressure water by the first water pipe;The second nozzle is connected by the second water pipe External high pressure water, on first water pipe and the second water pipe valve is respectively provided with;By arranging valve under different water pipes, Can individually be worked using rotation bar spray assembly and horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly or be worked simultaneously together.
In order to prevent bump position or rubble from breaking cover body, as a kind of preferred structure of invention, high-pressure spray Cover body described in cleaning device is elastic plate;When elastic plate encounters bump position or rubble, will not be formed and be connect firmly Touch, so as to protect cover body.
For this purpose, also providing a kind of roadway pollution removes car, including high-pressure spray cleaning device and car body;The high-pressure spray Cleaning device includes rotation bar spray assembly, horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly, suction channel and cover body;The rotation bar spray assembly and horizontally-arranged spray boom Component is arranged in cleaning device cover body;
The rotation bar spray assembly includes the swivel joint of spray boom and connection spray boom, and the spray boom is respectively arranged at two ends with the One nozzle, two rotation first jets are in opposite direction, and incline down, and the first jet connects external high pressure water;
The horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly includes horizontally-arranged spray boom and second nozzle, and the second nozzle is arranged on spray boom, and is inclined Tiltedly down, external high pressure water is led to;
The car body includes vehicle chassis, vacuum unit and high pressure water system;The vehicle chassis is provided with vacuum unit And high pressure water system;The high-pressure spray cleaning device is arranged on vehicle chassis lower section;The vacuum unit is connection suction channel; The high pressure water system is connected with house steward;
The vacuum unit includes blower fan, dust arrester and silencing means;The exhaust outlet of the blower fan is provided with silencing means, The suction opeing of the blower fan is connected by dust arrester with the air outlet pipeline of storage bin, and the dust arrester is used to filter aerial Dust.
The invention has the advantages that:Because the present invention is using unique rotary high pressure jet cleaning device, can with it is comprehensive, Deep clean is carried out without dead angle road pavement, while rotary high pressure jet cleaning device can realize various Working moulds by switching valve Formula;The separator of unique texture is provided with inside storage bin, the solid particle in filtered airflow purifies the gas discharged;Vacuum list The built-in dust arrester of unit, may filter that the dust in air-flow, reduce PM2.5 airborne dusts;The blower fan of vacuum unit adopts multi-stage coaxial string Connection impeller, can produce superpower negative pressure of vacuum suction, complete road cleaning;Car load is provided with effluent cycle system, is capable of achieving sewage Recycle;Rotary high pressure jet cleaning device adopts high pressure gas jet flow, it is possible to achieve winter road surface pollution cleanup.
For convenience roadway pollution removes the whole operation of car, and water tank, storage bin and discharging dress is additionally provided with the vehicle chassis Put;The storage bin is arranged on vehicle chassis by device for discharging;The storage bin is connected with vacuum unit pipeline, described Water tank is connected with high pressure water system pipeline.
In order to increase suction, absorbed dust and the water of splashing, as a kind of preferred structure of the present invention, the blower fan For multi-stage coaxial series connection fan impeller;Blower fan can produce superpower negative pressure of vacuum suction using multi-stage coaxial series connection impeller, complete Road cleaning.
In order to more purify the sewage and dust that are absorbed into coming, as a kind of preferred structure of the present invention, the storage bin Side wall upper part is provided with air outlet, and bottom is provided with air inlet, and the air outlet is connected with dust arrester pipeline, in the storage bin also It is provided with plumbing for waste water, sewage filter system and separator;One end of the plumbing for waste water is connected with the air inlet in storage bin, it is described enter As in storage bin, the separator is arranged on air outlet the mouth of pipe of the dirty pipe other end, for separating air in dust Grain;The sewage filter system is used to filter the sewage of storage bin, and the water purification after filtration is sent into water tank;Being arranged such can be real Existing effluent cycle is utilized, and has been saved and has been used water;The dust in air is set also tentatively to be filtered.
Recycle after sewage purification to more preferably purify sewage, and being formed, it is described as a kind of preferred structure of the present invention Sewage filter system includes screen pack, water inlet pipe, sewage pump, filter and outlet pipe;The water inlet pipe mouth is provided with screen pack, The sewage mouth of pipe is with storage bin bottom surface away from the distance less than plumbing for waste water mouth and storage bin bottom surface;The water inlet pipe is by filtering Device is connected with sewage pump, and the sewage pump is connected by outlet pipe with water tank, is so designed that sewage returns to water after purification From new utilization in case.
In order that the more preferable discharging of storage bin, and seal is more preferably, as a kind of preferred structure of the present invention, the storage bin Side wall is provided with air-tight movable door, and air-tight movable door has good seal, while facilitating enabling discharging.
Description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing is shown in the structural representation of the present invention:
Fig. 1 roadway pollutions of the present invention remove a kind of structural representation of preferred embodiment of car;
Fig. 2 roadway pollutions of the present invention remove a kind of operating diagram of preferred embodiment of car;
Fig. 3 roadway pollutions of the present invention remove a kind of structural representation of preferred embodiment of rotary high pressure jet cleaning device of car Figure one;
Fig. 4 roadway pollutions of the present invention remove a kind of structural representation of preferred embodiment of rotary high pressure jet cleaning device of car Figure two;
Fig. 5 roadway pollutions of the present invention remove a kind of operating diagram of preferred embodiment of the device for discharging of car;
Fig. 6 roadway pollutions of the present invention remove a kind of schematic cross-section one of preferred embodiment of separator of car;
Fig. 7 roadway pollutions of the present invention remove a kind of schematic cross-section two of preferred embodiment of separator of car.
Label declaration:
1. vehicle chassis
2. vacuum unit
21. blower fans
22. dust arresters
221. filter cylinders
222. cover bodies
23. silencing means
3. water tank
31. passages
4. storage bin
41. switching mechanisms
42. sewage coarse filtration nets
43. effluent cycle systems
431. sewage pumps
432. Multistage filtering devices
44. separators
441. filter cores
442. shells
443. solid particles
45. air-tight movable doors
46. air-tight movable door executing agencies
47. around axle
5. rotary high pressure jet cleaning device
51. cleaning device cover bodies
511. skeletons
Elastic baffle before 512.
Elastic baffle after 513.
514. suction channels
52. rotation bar spray assembly
521. spray booms
522. first jets
523. swivel joints
53. horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly
531 horizontally-arranged spray booms
532. second nozzles
54. pipelines
55. first points of valves
56. flexible pipes
57. second points of valves
6. high pressure water system
7. device for discharging
Specific embodiment
To describe technology contents of the invention, structural feature in detail, purpose and effect being realized, below in conjunction with embodiment And coordinate accompanying drawing to be explained in detail.
Please with reference to Fig. 1 to Fig. 7, understand as shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, a kind of preferred embodiment of the invention is a kind of high injection Stream cleaning device, including cleaning device cover body 51, rotation bar spray assembly 52 and pipeline 54;The rotation bar spray assembly is arranged on clear On cleaning device cover body, the pipeline connection rotation bar spray assembly;The rotation bar spray assembly includes swivel joint, spray boom and first Nozzle;The spray boom symmetrical centre is provided with water inlet, and the spray boom two ends are provided with delivery port;Described swivel joint one end is arranged On cleaning device cover body, and it is connected with pipeline, the pipeline is high-pressure water pipe, can select metal tube, such as interior slush moulding material Hot dip cast iron pipe, copper pipe, stainless steel tube etc.;Or the multiple metal tube of modeling is selected, such as mould multiple steel pipe, PAP etc.;Can be with Select plastic tube, such as PB, PP-R;Pipeline can select one or more compositions therein;The delivery port is provided with first Nozzle;The first jet is in opposite direction, is two and touches mouth and be not directed at bottom surface on the same side of bar, but a first jet To towards one angle of left avertence, another first jet is to one angle of right avertence, and it is angled with spray boom to make to state first jet, point Spray boom both sides horizontal plane is not directed at diagonally downward;Described pipeline one end connects high-pressure water, and the other end is by swivel joint to spray The water inlet of bar supplies water, and then the first jet on the delivery port of two ends is projected.
Another kind of preferred embodiment of the present invention is the rotation bar spray assembly 52, including by spray boom 521, the spray of rotation first Mouth 522, swivel joint 523, wherein swivel joint 523 are fixed on cleaning device cover body 51;Spray boom 521 is located at cleaning device cover The inner chamber of body 51, is connected on swivel joint 523 by screw thread or flange method, and spray boom 521 is relative to the center of swivel joint 523 Symmetrically;The mounted in pairs of first jet 522 is at the two ends of spray boom 521 and equal to the distance of the axis of swivel joint 523;First spray Mouth 522 is angled with spray boom 521, and the first jet 522 of mounted in pairs is equal with the angle between spray boom 521, in height Under the reaction force of pressure water jet, spray boom is rotated joint and rotates together with.Generally high-pressure spray cleaning device can arrange 1 or The rotation bar spray assembly 52 of more than 2, and multiple rotation bar spray assembly 52 each other equidistantly distributed, each swivel joint it Between distance be spray boom distance again plus 1cm-5cm, it can be ensured that the annulus that high-pressure water jet sprays is distributed into helix and weighs each other It is folded, so that it is guaranteed that carrying out being cleaned without dead angle to ground.
A preferred embodiment of the present invention, in order to increase cleaning ground effect;Described high-pressure spray cleaning device is also Including horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly;The horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly is arranged in cleaning device cover body;The horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly includes horizontal stroke Row's spray boom and second nozzle, the horizontally-arranged spray boom is arranged in cover body, and the horizontally-arranged spray boom is provided with second nozzle, and described second Nozzle inclination is down;The second nozzle is connected with pipeline, and the cross bar is upper as needed to arrange 1 or 2 and the above Second nozzle, each second nozzle road pavement flushing surface is overlapped;
A preferred embodiment of the present invention, rinses behind ground in order to absorb dust and high-pressure spray cleaning device Reflection water, the cleaning device cover body also includes suction channel, and the suction channel is arranged in cover body, the inlet scoop of the suction channel Down.
A preferred embodiment of the present invention is that the horizontally-arranged spray boom is the water pipe that water inlet is provided with the middle of closed at both ends, The water pipe is provided with first jet, and the pipeline supplies water under high pressure by horizontally-arranged spray boom to shower nozzle, can be with the horizontally-arranged spray boom The first jet of 1 or 2 and the above is arranged as required to, each first jet road pavement flushing surface is overlapped.
A preferred embodiment of the present invention, in order to be able to block high-pressure spray water cleaning ground after bounce-back be splashed to periphery, Passerby and periphery flowers, plants and trees are had influence on, the cleaning device cover body includes skeleton, front apron and backboard;The front apron and Backboard is fixed on skeleton, and the front apron bottom surface and backboard bottom surface are so designed that in order in peace in same level Enable front apron and backboard to be close to the ground when dress or be only higher by than ground, reserve the gap of 1cm-5cm, reach To the effect blocked;The rotation bar spray assembly and horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly are located on the skeleton between front apron and backboard, institute Rotation bar spray assembly bottom and horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly bottom are stated higher than front apron bottom surface, the skeleton side is provided with side plate, prevents Water spills from side.
A preferred embodiment of the present invention, in order that the water that horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly is ejected will not splash, and can Reach well from ground effect is washed, the horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly is arranged on the skeleton between rotary components and suction channel, institute State the reflection water that second nozzle is rinsed behind ground towards the lower, planar between horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly and air port, horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly Jing is directly entered inlet scoop.
Another kind of preferred embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, a kind of high-pressure spray cleaning dress of the present invention Put, it is mainly by portions such as cleaning device cover body 51, some rotation bar spray assembly 52, horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly 53, pipelines 54, switching valve It is grouped into.As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, the cleaning device cover body 51, by skeleton 511, front elastic baffle 512, rear elastic baffle 513rd, suction channel 514 is constituted, wherein front elastic baffle 512, rear elastic baffle 12 are by bolt or articulated manner and skeleton 511 Connect, it is ensured that cleaning device cover body 51 is fitted or only retain little gap with ground;Suction channel 514 and blower fan or other vacuum source phases Even, siphon away for the water on the ground that covered cleaning device cover body 51, sandy soil and other debris.
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, the horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly 53, is mainly made up of horizontally-arranged spray boom 531, second nozzle 532, its In horizontally-arranged spray boom 531 be fixed on the inner side of cleaning device cover body 51, second nozzle 532 is evenly distributed on horizontally-arranged spray boom 531, and With ground into identical angle.The pipeline 54 is used to provide water under high pressure to rotation bar spray assembly 52 and horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly 53, Wherein pipeline 54 is used to supply water under high pressure, pipeline 54 to be used to supply water under high pressure to horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly 53 to rotation bar spray assembly 52.
Another kind of preferred embodiment of the present invention, the pipeline includes house steward, the first water pipe and the second water pipe, the house steward First water pipe one end and second water pipe one end, first water pipe other end connection rotation bar spray assembly are connected by switching valve;Second The water pipe other end connects horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly.
Another kind of preferred embodiment of the present invention, the valve includes the main valve being arranged on house steward, is arranged on the first water First point of valve 55 on pipe and second point of valve 57 being arranged on the second water pipe, wherein first point of valve 55 is used for control to rotation spray Bar assembly 52 provides the combination or disconnection of the pipeline 54 of water under high pressure, and second point of valve 57 is used for control and provides to horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly 53 The combination or disconnection of the pipeline 54 of water under high pressure.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, high-pressure spray cleaning device has three kinds of mode of operations:
1). as shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, second point of valve 57 is closed, open first point of valve 55, only provided to rotation bar spray assembly 52 Water under high pressure.Water under high pressure is finally sprayed from first jet 522 by swivel joint 523, spray boom 521 with high-pressure spray form, due to First jet 522 is angled with spray boom 521, and under the reaction force of high-pressure water jet, spray boom 22 is rotated joint 523 Rotate together with, so that the high-pressure water jet that multiple rotation bar spray assembly 52 spray forms on the ground the annulus for intersecting each other. When the cleaning device is moved on the ground with certain speed, it can be ensured that the annulus that high-pressure water jet sprays is distributed into helix And overlap each other, so that it is guaranteed that carrying out being cleaned without dead angle to ground.The pollutants such as incrustation, greasy dirt on ground are in high-pressure water jet Hitting power effect it is lower with ground stripping, because the surrounding of cleaning device cover body 51 is closed by elastic baffle 1 and elastic baffle 2, this A little pollutants are sucked away by the suction channel 514 on cleaning device cover body 51, so that it is guaranteed that neat and tidy on ground, without sewage etc. Impurities left.
2). first point of valve 55 is closed, second point of valve 57 is opened, only water under high pressure is provided to horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly 53.Water under high pressure By the angled uniform injection of horizontally-arranged spray boom 531, second nozzle 532 on the ground, and second nozzle 532 adjacent to each other sprays The high-pressure water jet for going out overlaps each other on the ground.Hitting power of the pollutants such as incrustation, greasy dirt on ground in high-pressure water jet Effect is lower and ground is peeled off, and pollutant is sucked away by the suction channel 514 on cleaning device cover body 51, so that it is guaranteed that doing on ground It is net clean and tidy, without the magazines such as sewage residual.
3). first point of valve 55 and second point of valve 57 are opened, while carrying to rotation bar spray assembly 52 and horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly 53 For water under high pressure.Water under high pressure leads up to swivel joint 523, spray boom 521, finally from first jet 522 with the spray of high-pressure spray form Go out, lead up to the angled uniform injection of horizontally-arranged spray boom 531, second nozzle 532 on the ground.Incrustation, oil on ground The pollutants such as dirt are peeled off under the hitting power effect of high-pressure water jet with ground, and pollutant is by the suction on cleaning device cover body 51 Air channel 514 is sucked away, so that it is guaranteed that neat and tidy on ground, without the magazines such as sewage residual.
The cleaning Vehicle of the high-pressure spray cleaning device equipped with scheme as described above, particular preferred embodiment is as follows:
The another kind of the present invention is preferable to carry out, and a kind of roadway pollution removes car, including high-pressure spray cleaning device and car body; The high-pressure spray cleaning device includes rotation bar spray assembly, horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly, suction channel and cover body;The rotation spray boom group Part and horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly are arranged in cleaning device cover body;
The car body includes vehicle chassis, vacuum unit, water tank, storage bin, high pressure water system and device for discharging;The car Chassis is provided with vacuum unit, water tank, storage bin, high pressure water system and device for discharging;The high-pressure spray cleaning device sets Put below vehicle chassis;The storage bin is arranged on vehicle chassis by device for discharging, the storage bin and vacuum unit Pipeline connects, and the vacuum unit is connection suction channel;The water tank is connected with high pressure water system pipeline, and house steward's connection is high Water pressuring system;
The vacuum unit includes blower fan, dust arrester and silencing means;The exhaust outlet of the blower fan is provided with silencing means, The suction opeing of the blower fan is connected by dust arrester with the air outlet pipeline of storage bin, and the dust arrester is used to filter aerial Dust;The dust arrester, is made up of filter cylinder and cover body, the dust being used in air filtering, reduces PM2.5 airborne dusts.
The another kind of the present invention is preferable to carry out, the water tank, inner hollow, the water source needed for for containing pollution cleanup, Its top is provided with the passage of air stream transportation.
In some currently preferred embodiments of the present invention, the storage bin side wall upper part is provided with air outlet, and bottom is provided with air inlet, The air outlet is connected with dust arrester pipeline, and plumbing for waste water, sewage filter system and separator are additionally provided with the storage bin;Institute The one end for stating plumbing for waste water is connected with the air inlet in storage bin, and the mouth of pipe of the plumbing for waste water other end is described as in storage bin Separator is arranged on air outlet, for separating air in dust granules;The sewage filter system is used to filter storage bin Sewage, by after filtration water purification send into water tank, the sewage filter system include screen pack, water inlet pipe, sewage pump, filter dress Put and outlet pipe;The water inlet pipe mouth is provided with screen pack, the sewage mouth of pipe and storage bin bottom surface away from less than plumbing for waste water mouth with The distance of storage bin bottom surface;The water inlet pipe is connected by filter with sewage pump, and the sewage pump is by outlet pipe and water Case connects;
The another kind of the present invention is preferable to carry out, and the storage bin is fixed on chassis, is coupled by switching mechanism, and inside sets Be equipped with passage for air stream transportation, sewage coarse filtration net, effluent cycle system and separator, the effluent cycle system include into Water pipe, sewage pump, filter and outlet pipe;Storage bin afterbody is provided with movable sealing door;The passage end joins with storage bin It is logical, the other end and vacuum unit UNICOM.The sewage coarse filtration net, for first filtration of sewage recycling.The dirt Water circulation system, is made up of sewage pump, Multistage filtering device, for water resource recycling, saving water resource.
The another kind of the present invention is preferable to carry out, as shown in fig. 6, the separator, is made up of filter core and shell.The filter core Using unique rotation circuitous configuration, it was used for solid particle in air filtering.When air passes through filter core, the solid particle in air exists Gather in the presence of centrifugal force in the groove of filter core, then solid particle is discharged from bottom blow-down hole by the effect of gravity.
The another kind of the present invention is preferable to carry out, the air-tight movable door, and the achievable storage bin of closing is closed, opens and is capable of achieving Storage bin discharging.The rotary high pressure jet cleaning device, below chassis, not only can lift, but also can be with a left side Right traversing adjustment pollution cleanup job area.The rotary high pressure jet cleaning device, by cleaning device cover body, rotation spray boom group The part such as part, cross bar bar spray assembly, pipeline, switching valve constitutes, and by flexible pipe and storage bin UNICOM.
The another kind of the present invention is preferable to carry out, the high pressure water system, on chassis, by steel pipe and flexible pipe one end Couple with rotary high pressure jet cleaning device, the other end couples with water tank;The switching valve, for control rotation bar spray assembly is given Pipeline is provided with horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly to combine or disconnection;The device for discharging, installed in storage bin both sides or bottom, makes storage bin Discharging of tumbling can be carried out to car body side.
The another kind of the present invention is preferable to carry out the operation principle of middle roadway pollution removing car:Air-tight movable door is closed, storage Feed bin and air-tight movable door are brought into close contact, good seal, and storage bin is in impaction state.Switching valve is adjusted, in rotary high pressure In the presence of jet cleaning device, water under high pressure is finally sprayed from first jet by swivel joint, spray boom with high-pressure spray form Go out, because first jet is angled with spray boom, and reversed dip is towards ground, under the reaction force of high-pressure water jet, Spray boom is rotated joint and rotates together with, so that the high-pressure water jet that rotation bar spray assembly sprays forms on the ground phase each other The annulus of friendship.When rotary high pressure jet cleaning device with car with certain speed in ground moving when, it can be ensured that high-pressure water jet spray The annulus for going out is distributed and overlaps each other into helix, so that it is guaranteed that carrying out being cleaned without dead angle to ground.Incrustation, greasy dirt on ground Peel off with ground under the hitting power effect of high-pressure water jet Deng pollutant, because cleaning device cover body surrounding is sealed by elastic baffle Close, with air-flow, together approach flexible pipe enters storage bin to these pollutants under fan action, so that it is guaranteed that neat and tidy on ground, Without impurities lefts such as sewage.Because storage bin cross-sectional area is much larger than the cross-sectional area of clearing apparatus, therefore air-flow enters storage bin Afterwards, speed is reduced, and sewage is fallen into storage bin due to Action of Gravity Field.Then, gas flow path separator, separator will be solid in air-flow After body particle filtering, passage is entered by storage bin, then dust arrester is out entered from passage, dust arrester is by the dust in air-flow Filter, reduce PM2.5 airborne dusts, finally by blower fan and silencing means air is entered.Storage bin sewage collecting to certain altitude, Effluent cycle system automatic, to the sewage of storage bin Recovery Purifying process is carried out, so as to realize saving water resource.Discharging When, device for discharging can tumble storage bin so as to the gravity using material unloads material;It is above-mentioned to remove car for roadway pollution Working cycles.
Further illustrate below in conjunction with figure:
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 5, a kind of roadway pollution of the present invention removes car, mainly by vehicle chassis 1, vacuum The part such as unit 2, water tank 3, storage bin 4, rotary high pressure jet cleaning device 5, high pressure water system 6, device for discharging 7 constitutes.
As shown in Fig. 2 the vacuum unit 2, is made up of blower fan 21, dust arrester 22 and silencing means 23, and three it Between UNICOM.The blower fan 21, using multi-stage coaxial series connection impeller, efficiency high, air quantity is big.Shown dust arrester 22, by filter cylinder 221 Constitute with cover body 222, the dust being used in air filtering, reduce PM2.5 airborne dusts.
As shown in Fig. 2 the water tank 3, inner hollow, the water source needed for for containing cleaning road surface, its top is provided with The passage 31 of air stream transportation.
As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, the storage bin 4, is fixed on vehicle chassis 1, is coupled by switching mechanism 41, and inside is provided with Passage 31, sewage coarse filtration net 42, effluent cycle system 43 and separator 44 for air stream transportation, afterbody is provided with air-tight movable door 45.The one end of the passage 31 and the UNICOM of storage bin 4, the UNICOM of other end vacuum unit 2.The sewage coarse filtration net 42, for dirt First filtration of Water Sproading process.The effluent cycle system 43 (part shown in dotted line frame), by sewage pump 431, multistage mistake Filter device 432 is constituted, for water resource recycling, saving water resource.Sewage in storage bin 4 passes through effluent cycle system 43, the clean water after purification is pipelined into water tank 3, and slag mud is flow back into storage bin 4.As shown in Figure 6, Figure 7, it is described Separator 44, is made up of filter core 441 and shell 442.Filter core 441 as described in Fig. 6, Fig. 7, using unique rotation circuitous configuration, Solid particle 443 in for crossing air filtering.When air passes through filter core 441, work of the solid particle 443 in air in centrifugal force Gather with in the groove of filter core 441, then solid particle 443 is discharged from bottom blow-down hole by the effect of gravity.Such as Fig. 5 institutes Show, the air-tight movable door 45, the achievable storage bin 4 of closing is closed, opens and is capable of achieving the discharging of storage bin 4.
As shown in Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4, the rotary high pressure jet cleaning device 5, below chassis 1, not only can Lifting, but also pollution cleanup job area can be adjusted with transverse moving left and right.The rotary high pressure jet cleaning device 5, by cleaning The part groups such as device cover body 51, rotation bar spray assembly 52, horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly 53,54, first point of pipeline, 55, second point of valve valve 57 Into, and by flexible pipe 56 and the UNICOM of storage bin 4.The cleaning device cover body 51, by skeleton 511, front elastic baffle 512, rear bullet Property baffle plate 513, suction channel 514 are constituted.The rotation bar spray assembly 52, mainly by spray boom 521, first jet 522, swivel joint 523 compositions.The horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly 53, is mainly made up of horizontally-arranged spray boom 531, second nozzle 532, wherein horizontally-arranged spray boom 531 Cleaning device cover body inner side is fixed on, second nozzle 532 is distributed on horizontally-arranged spray boom 531, and with ground into identical angle. The pipeline 54 is used to provide water under high pressure to rotation bar spray assembly 52 and horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly 53.First point of valve 55, second Divide valve 57, provide pipeline combination to rotation bar spray assembly 52 and horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly 53 for control or disconnect.
As shown in Fig. 2 the high pressure water system 6,1 on vehicle chassis, by steel pipe or flexible pipe one end and rotation High-pressure spray cleaning device 5 couples, and the other end couples with water tank 3.
As shown in figure 5, the device for discharging 7, installed in the both sides of storage bin 4 or bottom, allows storage bin 4 to car body one Side carries out discharging of tumbling.
The roadway pollution removes car has mode of operation as to state three kinds of mode of operations of high-pressure spray cleaning device:1) First point of valve 55 is opened, second point of valve 57 is closed;2) first point of valve 55 is closed, opens second point of valve 57;3) first point of valve is opened 55 and second point of valve 57.
The following is high-pressure spray cleaning device mode of operation:First point of valve 55 is opened, second point of valve 57 is closed and is combined car body Mode of operation sketch, roadway pollution removes car in first point of valve 55, closes stream when second point of valve 57 carries out cleaning works Journey is as follows, as shown in Fig. 2 air-tight movable door 45 is closed, storage bin 4 and air-tight movable door 45 are brought into close contact, good seal, and stores up Feed bin 4 is in impaction state.First point of valve 55 is opened, second point of valve 57 is closed;In the work of rotary high pressure jet cleaning device 5 Under, water under high pressure is finally sprayed, due to first from first jet 522 by swivel joint 523, spray boom 521 with high-pressure spray form Nozzle 522 is angled with spray boom 521, and under the reaction force of high-pressure water jet, spray boom 521 is rotated joint 523 1 With rotation, so that the high-pressure water jet that rotation bar spray assembly 52 sprays forms on the ground the annulus for intersecting each other.Work as rotation High-pressure spray cleaning device 5 with car with certain speed in ground moving, it can be ensured that high-pressure water jet spray annulus into spiral Line is distributed and overlaps each other, so that it is guaranteed that carrying out being cleaned without dead angle to ground.The pollutants such as incrustation, greasy dirt on ground are in high pressure Peel off with ground under the hitting power effect of water jet, because the surrounding of cleaning device cover body 51 is closed by elastic baffle, these pollutions With air-flow, together approach flexible pipe 56 enters plumbing for waste water to thing under fan action, subsequently into storage bin 4, so that it is guaranteed that on ground Neat and tidy, without impurities lefts such as sewage.Because the cross-sectional area of storage bin 4 is much larger than the cross-sectional area of clearing apparatus 5, therefore air-flow Into after storage bin 4, speed is reduced, and sewage is fallen into storage bin 4 due to Action of Gravity Field.Then, gas flow path separator 44 will In air-flow after solid particulate filters, passage 31 is entered by the B mouths of storage bin 4, then dust arrester 22, dedusting are out entered from C mouths Dust-filtering in air-flow is reduced PM2.5 airborne dusts by device 22, and finally by blower fan 21 and silencing means 23 air is entered.Storage The sewage collecting of feed bin 4 is carried out at Recovery Purifying to certain altitude, the automatic of effluent cycle system 43 to the sewage of storage bin 4 Reason, so as to realize saving water resource.During discharging, device for discharging 7 can by storage bin 4 tumble so as to using the gravity of material by material Unloading.The above-mentioned working cycles that car is removed for roadway pollution;Roadway pollution removes car other mode of operations and closes first point of valve 55, Open second point of valve 57;Or first point of valve 55 of opening and second point of valve 57;First point of valve 55 of the running status of car body and opening, closes The mode of operation for closing second point of valve 57 is identical.
When roadway pollution removing car carries out discharging work, as shown in figure 5, storage bin 4 is being fixed on vehicle chassis 1, institute It can be the one kind in electric pushrod, hydraulic mandril or other thrustors to state device for discharging;Act on and seal in device for discharging 7 The effect of dodge gate executing agency 46 is lower to open, and storage bin 4 is rotated around being fixed on switching mechanism 41 on chassis 1, air-tight movable Door 45 rotates around axle 47, so as to pollutant in storehouse is entered into line tilt discharging.After discharging is finished, device for discharging 7 and air-tight movable Door executing agency 46 acts on so that storage bin 4 and air-tight movable door 45 recover the state into Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, and laminating is tight, close Envelope is good.
Embodiments of the invention are the foregoing is only, the scope of the claims of the present invention is not thereby limited, it is every using this Equivalent shapes or Structural Transformation that bright specification and accompanying drawing content are made, or directly or indirectly it is used in other related technology necks Domain, is included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of high-pressure spray cleaning device, including cleaning device cover body, it is characterised in that:Also include rotation bar spray assembly, horizontal stroke Row's bar spray assembly, suction channel and cover body;The rotation bar spray assembly and horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly are arranged in cleaning device cover body;
The rotation bar spray assembly includes the swivel joint of spray boom and connection spray boom, and the spray boom is respectively arranged at two ends with the first spray Mouth, two rotation first jets are in opposite direction, and incline down, connect external high pressure water;
The horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly;The horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly includes horizontally-arranged spray boom and second nozzle, and the second nozzle is arranged On spray boom, and incline down, connect external high pressure water;
The suction channel is arranged in cleaning device cover body, and the suction channel connects external vacuum extractor fan.
2. high-pressure spray cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cleaning device cover body includes bone Frame, front apron and backboard;The front apron and backboard are fixed on skeleton, and the front apron bottom surface and backboard bottom surface exist In same level;The suction channel is arranged on front apron medial surface, and the medial surface is going up relatively for rear plate washer, the air draught The air draught mouth down in road, the rotation bar spray assembly and horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly are located on the skeleton between front apron and backboard, The horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly is arranged on the skeleton between rotary components and suction channel, and the second nozzle is towards horizontally-arranged spray boom group Lower, planar between part and air port, front apron extends downward cladding rotation bar spray assembly, horizontal stroke completely with the bottom of backboard Row's bar spray assembly and inlet scoop.
3. high-pressure spray cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The first jet passes through the first water pipe Connection external high pressure water;The second nozzle connects external high pressure water, first water pipe and the second water pipe by the second water pipe On be respectively provided with valve.
4. high-pressure spray cleaning device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The front apron and backboard are elasticity Sheet material.
5. a kind of roadway pollution removes car, it is characterised in that:Including high-pressure spray cleaning device and car body;The high-pressure spray is clear Cleaning device includes rotation bar spray assembly, horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly, suction channel and cover body;The rotation bar spray assembly and horizontally-arranged spray boom group Part is arranged in cleaning device cover body;
The rotation bar spray assembly includes the swivel joint of spray boom and connection spray boom, and the spray boom is respectively arranged at two ends with the first spray Mouth, two rotation first jets are in opposite direction, and incline down, and the first jet connects external high pressure water;
The horizontally-arranged bar spray assembly includes horizontally-arranged spray boom and second nozzle, and the second nozzle is arranged on spray boom, and inclines court Under, lead to external high pressure water;
The car body includes vehicle chassis, vacuum unit and high pressure water system;The vehicle chassis is provided with vacuum unit and height Water pressuring system;The high-pressure spray cleaning device is arranged on vehicle chassis lower section;The vacuum unit is connection suction channel;It is described High pressure water system is connected with house steward;
The vacuum unit includes blower fan, dust arrester and silencing means;The exhaust outlet of the blower fan is provided with silencing means, described The suction opeing of blower fan is connected by dust arrester with the air outlet pipeline of storage bin, and the dust arrester is used to filter aerial powder Dirt.
6. a kind of roadway pollution according to claim 5 removes car, it is characterised in that:Water is additionally provided with the vehicle chassis Case, storage bin and device for discharging;The storage bin is arranged on vehicle chassis by device for discharging;The storage bin and vacuum list First pipeline connection, the water tank is connected with high pressure water system pipeline.
7. a kind of roadway pollution according to claim 5 removes car, it is characterised in that:The blower fan is multi-stage coaxial series connection Fan impeller.
8. a kind of roadway pollution according to claim 5 removes car, it is characterised in that:The storage bin side wall upper part is provided with Air outlet, bottom is provided with air inlet, and the air outlet is connected with dust arrester pipeline, be additionally provided with the storage bin plumbing for waste water, Sewage filter system and separator;One end of the plumbing for waste water is connected with the air inlet in storage bin, the plumbing for waste water other end The mouth of pipe as in storage bin, the separator is arranged on air outlet, for separating air in dust granules;The sewage Filtration system is used to filter the sewage of storage bin, and the water purification after filtration is sent into water tank.
9. a kind of roadway pollution according to claim 7 removes car, it is characterised in that:The sewage filter system included Filter screen, water inlet pipe, sewage pump, filter and outlet pipe;The water inlet pipe mouth is provided with screen pack, the sewage mouth of pipe and storing The distance in orlop face is less than plumbing for waste water mouth and the distance of storage bin bottom surface;The water inlet pipe is connected by filter with sewage pump Connect, the sewage pump is connected by outlet pipe with water tank.
10. a kind of roadway pollution according to claim 5 removes car, it is characterised in that:Storage bin side wall is provided with Air-tight movable door.
CN201710104145.XA 2017-02-24 2017-02-24 High-pressure jet cleaning device and road pollution removing vehicle Pending CN106638424A (en)

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CN109853440A (en) * 2019-01-14 2019-06-07 烟台海德专用汽车有限公司 A kind of efficient rotation bath suction unit
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CN111962446A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-11-20 长沙中联重科环境产业有限公司 Deep cleaning operation vehicle and control method thereof
CN111962445A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-11-20 长沙中联重科环境产业有限公司 Suction nozzle assembly and deep cleaning operation vehicle adopting same
CN111962444A (en) * 2020-06-30 2020-11-20 长沙中联重科环境产业有限公司 Deep cleaning operation vehicle
CN111979961A (en) * 2020-08-31 2020-11-24 长沙中联重科环境产业有限公司 Control method and system for double-water-pump washing and sweeping vehicle
CN111979961B (en) * 2020-08-31 2022-05-17 长沙中联重科环境产业有限公司 Control method and system for double-water-pump washing and sweeping vehicle

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Application publication date: 20170510