CN201265149Y - Street sweeper - Google Patents

Street sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201265149Y
CN201265149Y CNU2008201363267U CN200820136326U CN201265149Y CN 201265149 Y CN201265149 Y CN 201265149Y CN U2008201363267 U CNU2008201363267 U CN U2008201363267U CN 200820136326 U CN200820136326 U CN 200820136326U CN 201265149 Y CN201265149 Y CN 201265149Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dust
account
vehicle frame
sucker
dustbin
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2008201363267U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵国贵
Original Assignee
马汝华
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Priority to CNU2008201363267U priority Critical patent/CN201265149Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201265149Y publication Critical patent/CN201265149Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a street sweeper truck. The street sweeper truck comprises a blower, a water tank, a dustbin and a water pump which are assembled on a chassis; wherein, disk-shaped brushes and a suction cup are assembled on the chassis; a suction tube which is communicated with the dustbin is assembled on the suction cup; a semi-enclosed dust-collecting net which covers the disk-shaped brushes is hung under the chassis; and the suction cup is communicated with the semi-enclosed dust-collecting net. The blower sucks the dry dust and rubbish swept by the disk-shaped brushes covered by the semi-enclosed dust-collecting net to generate dusty air flow, which enters into the dustbin through the suction cup and the suction tube; the aqueous solution of snowmelt agent or water in the water tank is pumped by the water pump and then sprayed towards the dusty air flow by nozzles arranged in the suction cup and/or the suction tube; and after being gravitationally settled and filtered by a filter net, the clean air flow in the dustbin is sucked by the blower and then discharged through a discharge channel. The street sweeper truck can carry out dry sweeping and wet dust control or wet sweeping and wet dust control, so the dust control effect is good; after dry sweeping, no trace of mud mixed with water and dust is left on the ground; and under the freezing weather, the sweeping operation does not spray the aqueous solution of snowmelt agent on the ground.

Description

A kind of sweeping machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of sanitation equipment, particularly a kind of sweeping machine.
Background technology
Owing to seasonal variations and region reason, when winter is used sweeping and sucking type sweeping machine cleaning work in the northern China city, the water capacity in the water tank is easily frozen, rubbish in the dustbin freezes easily, and after being sprayed onto on the ground, water can form ice sheet, the pedestrian is fallen or vehicle slip, cause the hidden danger of urban traffic.
For addressing the above problem, prior art has proposed the technical scheme of multiple wet and dry road sweeper.Though the structure of multiple wet and dry road sweeper has the branch of single-stage filter dirt or multistage filter dirt, but its operating principle is basic identical, promptly in dry type cleaning work process, control the dirt effect preferably for the gas that guarantees to discharge dustbin reaches, wherein all have one-level to adopt cloth-bag type or filter paper type device to filter the air-flow of dust-laden.But find in actual the use, use the sweeping machine of this filter dirt mode to have significantly technological deficiency.Environment temperature in the sweeping machine cleaning work process changes, the road surface freezes during such as morning in the winter time, but the noon road surface has thawed, when sweeping machine in this environment during the dry type cleaning work, have moist dust to be inhaled into dustbin inevitably, and moist dust is through cloth bag or filter paper type device the time, water smoke pearl or moist dust can sticky cloth eye or filter paper holes, cause the increase of blower fan operation resistance, suction to descend, the cleaning work quality descends.Simultaneously, it is dry and hard to form the surface again after moist cloth bag or filter paper type device are air-dry, further causes the blower fan operation resistance to increase, and making sweeping machine sweep the suction operation quality can't be guaranteed.Often change cloth bag and filter paper and will cause use cost to rise, and can't accomplish timely replacing; The labour intensity that clean, reuse cloth bag or filter paper will increase the operative employee, and the cloth bag of reuse or filter paper result of use are bad.In addition, when the sweeping machine of dry type cleaning work was tiped rubbish, the fine-powder shape dust of kicking up can cause very large-scale air pollution.
The Chinese patent of application number 01200829 discloses a kind of wet interchangeable sweeping machine of doing, in its garbage collection box for realize sweeping rubbish under the Various Seasonal varying environment and remove, the purpose of depositing dust, the spy has installed and has done, the removing of wet dual-purpose, device for reducing dust, installs dry type efficient cyclone pipe dust arrester and collapsible cloth matter dust arrester when sweep the road winter; When spring, summer, autumn, swept the road three icing seasons, the operator opens the system of shower water, thereby makes all while shower waters of broom and wet dust removal device, reaches the purpose except that depositing dust simultaneously.But this technical scheme can only be avoided not cleaning as humidity, when water stain road surface is arranged during operation in the winter time, otherwise the moist dust that cleaning work causes, the atomizing globule etc. with sticky on cloth matter dust arrester.In addition, this technical scheme does not have to solve the problem of contamination by dust when tipping rubbish.
The Chinese patent of application number 03240459 discloses a kind of complete pneumatic dry-type dust-proof vehicle, without brush, do not spray water, all finishes cleaning work with air-flow.Complete pneumatic dry-type dust-proof vehicle is equipped with centrifugal fan, the draught fan impeller rotation produces movement air flow, air-flow drives dust and sucks ash bin lower floor through admission pipe, realize by gravitational settling separating the first time of dust, fine solid particle after the separation enters draught fan impeller by air inlet pipe, the centrifugal force that rotates generation by impeller at a high speed makes air and dust carry out separating the second time, isolated dust is stored in the ash bin upper strata, gas after the separation enters the dust suction dish by wireway and blows out from air nozzle, floor-dust is blown afloat the back to be sucked once more by admission pipe, the admission pipe other end and ash bin lower floor are connected, and produce the loop of air-flow closed cycle thus.The actual use finds that some floor-dusts, rubbish are subjected to being bonded on the road surface after the water logging wet or driedly, especially on the ground at angle, roadside, can not remove well by blowing and inhale all without brush; Making the whole closed cycles of air-flow loop simultaneously is the comparison difficulty, part therefore can occur and return the outside airborne dust of the air-flow that blows; When unloading, the fine solid particle on ash bin upper strata still can produce airborne dust.
The Chinese patent of application number 200620039479 discloses a kind of full region, round-the-clock vacuum sweeper, be provided with heat exchanger tube in the water storage tank of vacuum sweeper with exhaust pipe of engine UNICOM, vacuum dustbin bottom is provided with interlayer, this interlayer is provided with nozzle with pipeline and exhaust pipe of engine UNICOM in the vacuum dustbin.This technical scheme is to utilize the temperature in the temperature of water in the waste pipe radiating control water storage tank and the dustbin not freeze, and uses the water spout humidifying to enter dust, the rubbish of dustbin with air-flow in dustbin, reaches the purpose of control dirt.In fact, the mobile air quantity of sweeping and sucking type sweeping machine blower fan generation is approximately 3000m 3/ h~10000m 3/ h when environment temperature during-10 ℃ or-20 ℃, only depends on the heat of major-minor exhaust pipe of engine transmission to be difficult to accomplish that the atomizing globule of nozzle ejection does not freeze in the cold air that flows fast, is difficult to reach reasonable humidifying control dirt effect.Simultaneously, the dust that brush produces during the dry type cleaning work is big, can cause very large-scale air pollution.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of sweeping machine, adopt dry type cleaning, semi-enclosed control of dust and wet type control dirt under the climatic environment of freezing, adopt wet cleaning and wet type control dirt under non-icing climatic environment, control dirt is effective, the cleaning work quality is guaranteed, and operation is environment friendly and pollution-free; Though under the climatic environment of freezing, adopted the dust-contained airflow in flowing through sucker, suction tube to spray Snow Agent aqueous solution wet type control dirt, do not spray the Snow Agent aqueous solution earthward, avoided the road that is cleaned is caused environment pollution; Under non-icing climatic environment, also can adopt dry type cleaning and wet type control dirt, it is effective not only to control dirt, and the mud vestige of having avoided the water generally left on the road surface behind sweeping and sucking type sweeping machine wet cleaning, the wet type control dirt cleaning work and dust to mix, avoided the air-dry back of mud vestige to be rolled airborne dust by vehicle.
To achieve these goals, the utility model provides a kind of sweeping machine, comprise vehicle frame, on the described vehicle frame water tank is installed, dustbin and the filter screen that is installed in the dustbin, water pump also is installed on the described vehicle frame, water pump and water tank UNICOM, described vehicle frame both sides are separately installed with the brush of butterfly type, under vehicle frame, after the brush of butterfly type, sucker is installed, the suction tube of at least one and dustbin UNICOM is installed on the described sucker, the blower fan of UNICOM's dustbin is installed on the vehicle frame, the outlet air end UNICOM air exhaust passage of blower fan, be hung with the semiclosed control of dust account of cover cap butterfly type brush under the described vehicle frame, sucker and semiclosed control of dust account UNICOM, dust and rubbish formation dust-contained airflow that blower fan aspirates in the semiclosed control of dust account enter dustbin by sucker and suction tube, be provided with at least one sprays the Snow Agent aqueous solution or nozzle from water to described dust-contained airflow in described sucker and/or the suction tube, nozzle is by waterpipe and water pump UNICOM, and blower fan extracts in the dustbin and discharges by air exhaust passage through the clean gas flow behind gravitational settling and the strainer filtering.
Wherein, described water tank, suction tube, dustbin and filter screen adopt stainless steel material, described water pump adopts copper, aluminium, engineering plastics or stainless steel material, described waterpipe adopts rubber or stainless steel material, and the interior naked face that blower fan and air exhaust passage are crossed wind is coated with coating or blower fan and the air exhaust passage employing stainless steel material that resistant material is made.
Described semiclosed control of dust account is with leather or canvas material mosquito net formula structure that make, bottom opening, the both sides that the account of described semiclosed control of dust account encloses are provided with the gap that the brush seedling tail end that makes the brush of butterfly type stretches out, described account enclose peripheral lower edge height overhead be 5mm~100mm and be before the low shape in high back.Further, the account of the described semiclosed control of dust account lower edge of enclosing is provided with counterweight or vaulting pole.
The semiclosed control of dust account of described air exhaust passage UNICOM.Particularly, the account of described semiclosed control of dust account encloses for the interlayer account and encloses, the lower edge opening that described interlayer account encloses, described air exhaust passage is provided with a bypass branch wind pipe, the interlayer that bypass branch wind pipe UNICOM's air exhaust passage and interlayer account enclose, be provided with air door in the described air exhaust passage and distribute air draft, air door distributes the air-flow part of air draft to discharge, partly flow through the interlayer that the interlayer account encloses towards the sweeping machine afterbody.
Described sucker and semiclosed control of dust account are by suction channel UNICOM, and described suction channel is the semiclosed passage of " ㄇ " shape for the cross section made from leather or canvas material.
Linkage or cable mechanism that the hydraulic jack that makes brush of described butterfly type and sucker put down, make when cutting to brush of described butterfly type and sucker to mention synchronously synchronously when also operation being installed on the described vehicle frame drives.
Also be provided with the nozzle of wet cleaning operation spray water under non-icing climatic environment in the brush of described butterfly type or on the vehicle frame, described nozzle is by waterpipe, conduit switch and water pump UNICOM.
On the technique scheme basis, described semiclosed control of dust account is supported and suspended under described vehicle frame by bracing frame, bracing frame comprises cylinder, hinge, extension spring, stay cord, pulley, stand and vaulting pole, described stand is fixed on the vehicle frame both sides, the vaulting pole of bracing frame in the vehicle frame both sides is configured to the parallelogram planar linkage mechanism of two activities with the hinge flexible connection each other and is movably connected in hinge on the stand of vehicle frame both sides, the outer end of bracing frame two forequarters connects an end of extension spring, an other end of extension spring is fixed on the vehicle frame, the outer end at rear portion, bracing frame both sides connects an end of stay cord, the other end of stay cord is walked around the pulley that is fixed on the vehicle frame and is connected cylinder, launches when making described semiclosed control of dust account be formed on operation under bracing frame supports, draw in and can dodge the flexible structure of obstruction in when transition.
On the technique scheme basis, brush of described butterfly type and sucker respectively are two, order is installed in the left and right side of described vehicle frame respectively, described butterfly type brush of described semiclosed control of dust account cover cap and sucker, the suction tube that makes dustbin and sucker UNICOM all is installed on each sucker, suction tube passes semiclosed control of dust account, all be provided with the air door that can open or close independently in each suction tube, centre under the described vehicle frame also is equipped with horizontal and a round brush that can rotational angle, described round brush is positioned at semiclosed control of dust account, between brush of butterfly type and sucker, the inboard that is positioned at the brush of every butterfly type in the described semiclosed control of dust account also is equipped with a dividing plate that dust and rubbish is thrown to when stopping butterfly type brush cleaning work the opposite, and link respectively dividing plate and round brush of linkage that is driven by hydraulic jack or cable mechanism puts down when work, when transition, promote.
The utility model proposes a kind of sweeping machine of all weather operations, have simple in structure, low cost of manufacture, an advantage such as cleaning is easy and simple to handle, cleaning work control dirt is effective, operation is environment friendly and pollution-free.Under the climatic environment of freezing, by being set, semiclosed control of dust account can realize that dry type cleans not airborne dust, can reach wet type control dirt by the nozzle that the sprinkling Snow Agent aqueous solution is set in sucker and/or suction tube does not freeze, under the climatic environment of freezing, realized the dry type cleaning, semi-enclosed control of dust and wet type control dirt, butterfly type brush dry type cleaning work is airborne dust not, ash is not sprayed in the blower fan air draft, spray the not stained road of the Snow Agent aqueous solution, do not damage greening, can be to the traffic safety hidden danger that causes the accident yet, it is effective to have control dirt, guarantee advantages such as cleaning work quality.In addition, the utility model the dust phenomenon occurs at the Shi Buhui that tips rubbish, and has avoided prior art to cause defectives such as air pollution on a large scale.Adopt wet cleaning, the operation of wet type control dirt under non-icing climatic environment, cleaning work effect and prior art wet type sweeping and sucking type sweeping machine are identical; Under non-icing climatic environment, also can adopt dry type cleaning and wet type control dirt, avoid leaving on the road surface behind sweeping and sucking type sweeping machine wet cleaning, the wet type control dirt cleaning work mud vestige that water and dust mix, avoided the air-dry back of mud vestige to be rolled airborne dust by vehicle.The sweeping machine of a kind of all weather operations of the utility model has really been realized all weather operations, is with a wide range of applications.
Below by drawings and Examples, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model sweeping machine first embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of semiclosed control of dust account, sucker and suction tube among Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of bracing frame among the utility model sweeping machine first embodiment;
Fig. 5 respectively installs the structural representation of two butterfly types brush for the utility model sweeping machine first embodiment vehicle frame both sides;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation that two suction tubes are installed on the utility model sweeping machine first embodiment sucker;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the utility model sweeping machine second embodiment;
Description of reference numerals:
1-vehicle frame; 2-dustbin; 3-sucker;
4-nozzle; The brush of 5-butterfly type; 6-blower fan;
7-filter screen; 8-suction channel; 10-suction tube;
11-air exhaust passage; 12-semiclosed control of dust account; 13-bracing frame;
14-cylinder; 15-hinge; 16-extension spring;
17-stay cord; 18-pulley; 19-stand;
20-vaulting pole; 21-water tank; 22-water pump;
23-counterweight, 24-dividing plate; 25-round brush.
The specific embodiment
First embodiment
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model sweeping machine first embodiment, and Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1, and Fig. 3 is the structural representation of semiclosed control of dust account, sucker and suction tube among Fig. 1.
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3, the agent structure of present embodiment sweeping machine comprises butterfly type brush 5, sucker 3, suction tube 10, dustbin 2 and the semiclosed control of dust account of installing on the vehicle frame 1 12, dustbin 2 is installed on the vehicle frame 1, butterfly type brush 5 is installed in two sides of vehicle frame 1, the semiclosed control of dust account 12 of bottom opening shape is suspended on vehicle frame 1 time under the support of bracing frame 13 and cover cap is lived butterfly type brush 5, sucker 3 hangs below the vehicle frame 1 that is installed in butterfly type brush 5 back, suction tube 10 is installed on the sucker 3 and UNICOM's sucker 3 and dustbin 2, the semiclosed control of dust account 12 of sucker 3 UNICOMs; Water tank 21 and water pump 22 also are installed on the vehicle frame 1, water tank 21 is positioned at the bottom of dustbin 2, the water inlet of water pump 22 and water tank 21 UNICOMs, have more than one nozzle 4 by waterpipe and water pump 22 UNICOMs and be arranged on sucker 3 and/or suction tube 10 in, water tank is filled with the water or the Snow Agent aqueous solution for 21 li; The blower fan 6 of UNICOM's dustbin 2 also is installed on the vehicle frame 1,2 li of dustbins be equipped with that filter screen 7 is used for and blower fan 6 between ventilate and filter, the outlet air end UNICOM air exhaust passage 11 of blower fan 6, the air outlet of air exhaust passage 11 below dustbin 2 towards the sweeping machine afterbody.
Present embodiment provides a kind of sweeping machine, cleaning work has advantages such as control dirt is effective, assurance cleaning work quality under the climatic environment of freezing, present embodiment can realize that by semiclosed control of dust account is set dry type cleans not airborne dust, can reach wet type control dirt by the nozzle that the sprinkling Snow Agent aqueous solution is set and not freeze in sucker and/or suction tube, under the climatic environment of freezing, realize dry type cleaning, semi-enclosed control of dust and wet type control dirt.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions of this embodiment, roller is installed on the sucker 3 can be attached on the ground sucker 3 to advance with sweeping machine and travel, linkage or the cable mechanism that hydraulic jack drives is installed on vehicle frame 1, be used for when operation or the vehicle transition time is put down synchronously or mentioned brush 5 of butterfly type and sucker 3, the stage casing of UNICOM's sucker 3 and the suction tube 10 of dustbin 2 is provided with retractable rubber and adds the trunnion that fibrous material is made.One end UNICOM of the inlet of sucker 3 front portions and suction channel 8, the semiclosed control of dust account 12 of the other end UNICOM of suction channel 8 finally makes semiclosed control of dust account 12 by suction channel 8, sucker 3 and suction tube 10 and dustbin 2 UNICOMs.Semiclosed control of dust account 12 is made into the mosquito net formula structure of bottom opening by leather or canvas material, semiclosed control of dust account 12 is suspended on vehicle frame 1 time under the support of bracing frame 13 and cover cap is lived butterfly type brush 5, the bottom of two sides that semiclosed control of dust account 12 accounts enclose has gap, make the brush seedling tail end of butterfly type brush 5 can stretch out the ground of semiclosed control of dust account 12 outer cleanings near the angle, roadside, account enclose peripheral lower edge height overhead be 5mm~100mm and be before the low shape in high back, the lower edge that account encloses hangs with counterweight 23 or is connected support with the vaulting pole 20 of bracing frame 13, make that the lower edge that account encloses when being negative pressure in semiclosed control of dust account 12 is to hang towards ground substantially, semiclosed control of dust account 12 forms the accurate control of dust space of sealing with ground.Suction channel 8 is that its cross section is " ㄇ " shape by the semi-closed structure of the bottom opening of leather or canvas material making, and suction channel 8 forms accurate suction space for dust and rubbish transmission of sealing with ground.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of bracing frame among the utility model sweeping machine first embodiment.As shown in Figure 4, in the above-mentioned technical solutions of this embodiment, bracing frame 13 is installed on the vehicle frame 1, bracing frame 13 is used to support semiclosed control of dust account 12 expansion and is suspended on vehicle frame 1 time.Particularly, the agent structure of present embodiment bracing frame 13 comprises cylinder 14, extension spring 16, stay cord 17, pulley 18, stand 19 and vaulting pole 20; Wherein, stand 19 is fixed on the both sides of vehicle frame 1, bracing frame 13 flexibly connects the parallelogram planar linkage mechanism that is configured to two activities at the vaulting pole 20 of vehicle frame 1 both sides by hinge 15, the parallelogram planar linkage mechanism of vehicle frame 1 supported on both sides frame 13 activities is movably connected in hinge 15 on the stand 19 of vehicle frame 1 both sides, and its this vaulting pole 20 on one side that is connected was perpendicular to vehicle frame 1 when the vaulting pole 20 of this active connection place had footing and stand 19 to offset to make bracing frame 13 to launch; The outer end of 13 liang of forequarters of bracing frame connects an end of extension spring 16, the other end of extension spring 16 is fixed on the vehicle frame 1, the outer end at rear portion, bracing frame 13 both sides connects an end of stay cord 17, the other end of stay cord 17 is walked around the pulley 18 that is fixed on the vehicle frame 1 and is connected cylinder 14, cylinder 14 is installed on the vehicle frame 1 and connects bracing frame 13 by stay cord 17, pulling stay cord 17 drew bracing frame 13 in when cylinder 14 drew in, extension spring 16 pulling bracing frames 13 launched the executing agency that extension spring 16 and cylinder 14 launch and draw in as control bracing frame 13 when cylinder 14 loosened; When the sweeping machine operation, present embodiment bracing frame 13 supports and makes the left side of semiclosed control of dust account 12 to vehicle frame 1, the right side is launched and is stretched out outside the sweeping machine car body, when sweeping machine is cut to, present embodiment bracing frame 13 makes semiclosed control of dust account 12 draw in and try to cover up in underneath its body, further, during the sweeping machine operation is travelled when semiclosed control of dust account 12 collides obstruction, the said structure of present embodiment bracing frame 13 can make the bracing frame 13 can the forward vehicle afterbody bending because of the effect of extension spring 16 and hinge 15, draw in, semiclosed control of dust account 12 is drawn in to be tried to cover up under the sweeping machine car body, after having crossed obstruction, under the effect of extension spring 16, bracing frame 13 supports semiclosed control of dust account 12 again and launches.Semiclosed control of dust account 12 is enclosed by account top and account to be formed, the account topping material of semiclosed control of dust account 12 can cutting be processed into wrinkle shape, guarantee that it can launch or draw in smoothly under bracing frame 13 supports, be implemented in the sweeping machine cleaning work and can dodge obstruction flexibly smoothly in travelling.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions of this embodiment, use is to process sucker 3, the entrained dirt that flows through in the suction tube 10, chloride salt Snow Agent aqueous solution wet type control dirt is added in the air-flow spray water of rubbish or sprinkling, water pump 22 UNICOM's water tanks 21, the water or the Snow Agent aqueous solution that water pump 22 extracts in the water tank 21 flow to the nozzle 4 that is arranged in sucker 3 or the suction tube 10 by waterpipe, nozzle 4 is to sucker 3, the dust-contained airflow spray water of entrained dirt that flows through in the suction tube 10 and rubbish or the Snow Agent aqueous solution, dust and the rubbish carried secretly in the air-flow are handled by humidifying, and water smoke pearl or Snow Agent aqueous solution mist pearl and dust and the affine formation granulated garbage of rubbish and rubbish group back are inhaled into dustbin 2 and gravitational settling in dustbin 2 with air-flow; Blower fan 6 rotates the gas that extracts in the dustbin 2, and the clean gas flow after the process gravitational settling filters by filter screen 7 again in the dustbin 2 is extracted by blower fan 6 sends into air exhaust passage 11, and air exhaust passage 11 is discharged clean gas flow towards the afterbody of sweeping machine.In the present embodiment, dustbin 2, water tank 21, suction tube 10, the filter screen 7 of the sweeping machine that uses under the climatic environment that northern area freezes are all made of stainless steel material, water pump 22, pipeline, switch, nozzle 4 are made of resistant materials such as copper, aluminium, stainless steel, rubber, plastics respectively, blower fan 6 and air exhaust passage 11 are crossed interior naked the coating that the spraying resistant material is made of wind, or blower fan 6 and the making of air exhaust passage 11 usefulness stainless steel materials, the bearing of blower fan 6 and water pump 22 adopts full-closed structure.The aqueous solution that adds the chloride salt Snow Agent is corrosive, and has had test to produce the Snow Agent of organic compounds such as CMA now, and the sweeping machine cleaning work uses the aqueous solution wet type control dirt environment protecting that is added with the organic compounds Snow Agent better.Further, the account of semiclosed control of dust account 12 encloses for double-deck interlayer account and encloses, on air exhaust passage 11, establish the bypass branch wind pipe, the mezzanine space that bypass branch wind pipe UNICOM air exhaust passage 11 and interlayer account enclose, in air exhaust passage 11, air door is set, regulating the air door distribution portion air-flow of air exhaust passage 11 discharges towards the sweeping machine afterbody, the part air-flow flows out from the below that semiclosed control of dust account 12 interlayer accounts enclose after flowing to the interlayer that the interlayer account encloses, and carries dust and the rubbish that semiclosed control of dust account account encloses in below and the semiclosed control of dust account again secretly and passes through suction channel 8, sucker 3 and suction tube 10 enter in the dustbin 2.
The course of work of a kind of sweeping machine of present embodiment dry type cleaning, semi-enclosed control of dust and wet type control dirt under the climatic environment of freezing is: be added with the aqueous solution of Snow Agent and be injected into 21 li in water tank according to the environment temperature proportioning, the aqueous solution that both can guarantee 21 li in water tank does not freeze, and the dust of humidifying and rubbish are not freezed; During the beginning operation, butterfly type brush 5 is the dry type cleaning work in semiclosed control of dust account 12, the brush seedling tail end of butterfly type brush 5 stretches out the gap that semiclosed control of dust account 12 accounts enclose and cleans the ground at angle, roadside and the ground in the semiclosed control of dust account 12 of cleaning outward, butterfly type brush 5 with ground dust and rubbish sweep to semiclosed control of dust account 12 in, before sweeping machine centre and the sucker 3; Blower fan 6 rotates and produces negative pressure UNICOM dustbins 2 and make in the semiclosed control of dust account 12 by suction tube 10, sucker 3 and suction channel 8 and also form negative pressure, will be in semiclosed control of dust account 12 accounts and enclose air that below and account enclose the gap below and carry secretly in dust that butterfly type brush 5 dry type cleaning works kick up and the semiclosed control of dust account 12 and ground dusts and rubbish suction suckers 3 before the sucker 3; The Snow Agent aqueous solution that water pump 22 extracts in the water tanks 21 sprays by waterpipe and nozzle 4 air-flow of entrained dirt and rubbish in flowing through sucker 3 and suction tube 10, dust of carrying secretly in the air-flow and rubbish form after by humidifying granulated garbage and rubbish group and in company with air communication cross sucker 3, suction tube 10 is sucked in the dustbin 2; Inspiration dustbin 2 interior granulated garbage and rubbish are rolled into a ball gravitational settling in dustbin 2, and blower fan 6 rotation extractions are passed through air exhaust passage 11 through the clean gas flow after gravitational settling and filter screen 7 filtrations and discharged from the sweeping machine afterbody in dustbin 2; At last rubbish is not poured out in the dustbin 2 and dust raising phenomenon can be occurred, the defectives such as air pollution on a large scale that airborne dust causes when having avoided the operation of prior art dry type cleaning dry type control dirt to tip rubbish; After the rubbish that sweeping machine is collected is concentrated, unifiedly deliver to the refuse landfill landfill or deliver to special factory's harmless treatment, can also the recovery section Snow Agent aqueous solution during centralized and unified processings of rubbish, make the part Snow Agent aqueous solution by reclaiming use repeatedly.The present embodiment sweeping machine when operation or vehicle when transition the linkage that drives by the hydraulic jack that is installed on the vehicle frame 1 or cable mechanism put down synchronously or mention brush 5 of butterfly type and sucker 3; When the sweeping machine operation, bracing frame 13 supports the left side of semiclosed control of dust account 12 to vehicle frame 1, the right side launches to stretch out outside the sweeping machine car body, when sweeping machine is cut to, bracing frame 13 makes semiclosed control of dust account 12 draw in and try to cover up in underneath its body, in the sweeping machine operation is travelled when semiclosed control of dust account 12 collides obstruction, bracing frame 13 can the forward vehicle afterbody bending because of the effect of extension spring 16 and hinge 15, draw in, semiclosed control of dust account 12 is drawn in to be tried to cover up under the sweeping machine car body, after having crossed obstruction, under the effect of extension spring 16, bracing frame 13 supports semiclosed control of dust account 12 again and launches.When the account of the semiclosed control of dust account 12 of present embodiment sweeping machine encloses for sandwich, regulating the air door distribution portion air-flow of air exhaust passage 11 discharges towards the sweeping machine afterbody, the part air-flow flows out from the below that semiclosed control of dust account interlayer account encloses after flowing to the interlayer that double-decker interlayer account encloses, carry dust and the rubbish that semiclosed control of dust account account encloses in below and the semiclosed control of dust account again secretly and pass through suction channel 8, sucker 3 and suction tube 10 enter in the dustbin 2, the part that this structure extracts in the air-flow in the dustbins 2 blower fan 6 recycles, contain some Snow Agent aqueous solution mist pearls in this a part of air-flow, also may contain some residual dust particles, use the better effects if of the sweeping machine dry type cleaning work wet type control dirt of this interlayer account closed structure, further reduced the use amount of the Snow Agent aqueous solution.Though a kind of sweeping machine of present embodiment dust-contained airflow in flowing through sucker, suction tube under the climatic environment of freezing sprays Snow Agent aqueous solution wet type control dirt cleaning work, but do not spray the Snow Agent aqueous solution earthward, avoided the road that is cleaned is caused environment pollution;
The course of work of a kind of sweeping machine of present embodiment wet cleaning, wet type control dirt under non-icing climatic environment is: water is injected into 21 li in water tank, the switch of nozzle 4 waterpipes of opening in the butterfly type brush 5 or installing on the vehicle frame 1, the water that water pump 22 extracts in the water tank 21 passes through waterpipe, switch and nozzle 4 ground before butterfly type brush 5 and the brush seedling tail end sprinkling of butterfly type brush 5, wet type control butterfly type brush 5 cleaning work airborne dusts, butterfly type brush 5 with ground dust and rubbish sweep to semiclosed control of dust account 12 in, before sweeping machine centre and the sucker 3; Blower fan 6 rotation generation negative pressure UNICOM dustbins 2 pass through suction channel 8 suction suckers 3 by suction tube 10, sucker 3 and suction channel 8 with ground dusts and rubbish in the semiclosed control of dust account 12, before the sucker 3 again; The water that water pump 22 extracts in the water tanks 21 sprays by waterpipe and nozzle 4 air-flow of entrained dirt and rubbish in flowing through sucker 3 and suction tube 10, dust of carrying secretly in the air-flow and rubbish form after by humidifying granulated garbage and rubbish group and in company with air communication cross sucker 3, suction tube 10 is sucked in the dustbin 2; Blower fan 6 extracts in dustbin 2 and discharges from the sweeping machine afterbody by air exhaust passage 11 through the clean gas flow after gravitational settling and filter screen 7 filtrations again.The difference of present embodiment another kind of operating process of wet cleaning, wet type control dirt cleaning work under non-icing climatic environment is to remove semiclosed control of dust account 12, bracing frame 13 and suction channel 8, and other is identical with the above course of work just to repeat no more.
Present embodiment also can adopt dry type cleaning, semi-enclosed control of dust and spray water wet type control dirt under non-icing climatic environment, its cleaning work operating process is same as the operating process of this sweeping machine cleaning work under the climatic environment of freezing, cleaning road surface later is not owing to there is the spray water cleaning, the mud vestige that stays after not having water and dust to be mixed on the road surface by the brush cleaning, the road surface cleaning quality is higher, can not occur the common cleaning work of general wet type sweeping and sucking type sweeping machine later the left mud vestige in road surface the phenomenon of airborne dust appears being rolled by vehicle again after air-dry.When adopting the cleaning work of dry type cleaning, semi-enclosed control of dust and spray water wet type control dirt under non-icing climatic environment, the control dirt effect of spraying some water smokes in the sky that the brush seedling tail end of butterfly type brush 5 stretches out the ground at the close angle, roadside of cleaning semiclosed control of dust account 12 outside is just better.
Fig. 5 respectively installs the structural representation of two butterfly types brush for the utility model sweeping machine first embodiment vehicle frame both sides, Fig. 6 is the structural representation that two suction tubes are installed on the utility model sweeping machine first embodiment sucker, be the vertical view of the structure of the same type of the utility model sweeping machine first embodiment, its structural principle and operating process are identical with the above, repeat no more.
Second embodiment
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the utility model sweeping machine second embodiment.As shown in Figure 7, the present embodiment sweeping machine is a kind of expansion of aforementioned first embodiment, comprise vehicle frame 1 in its agent structure, dustbin 2, butterfly type brush 5, water tank 21, water pump 22, nozzle 4, blower fan 6, on the basis of semiclosed control of dust account 12 and bracing frame 13, cancelled suction channel 8, in semiclosed control of dust account 12, each order has been installed a sucker 3 in the back of the butterfly type brush 5 of vehicle frame 1 both sides, linkage that is driven by hydraulic jack or cable mechanism are put down the butterfly type brush 5 of ipsilateral and sucker 3 when the work simultaneously, when transition, mention simultaneously, suction tube 10 all is installed on two suckers 3 passes semiclosed control of dust account 12 UNICOM's dustbins 2 and sucker 3 respectively, every suction tube all is provided with the air door that can open or close independently for 10 li, in semiclosed control of dust account 12, back in butterfly type brush 5, front at sucker 3, below vehicle frame 1, in the middle of sweeping machine, increase horizontal and a round brush 25 that can rotational angle has been installed, in semiclosed control of dust account 12, the dividing plate 24 that a slice is thrown to dust and rubbish when stopping butterfly type brush 5 cleaning works the opposite all is installed in the inboard of every butterfly type brush 5, and link respectively dividing plate 24 and round brush 25 of linkage that the hydraulic jack of installing on the vehicle frame 1 drives or cable mechanism puts down when work, when transition, mention.
The course of work that the course of work of the utility model sweeping machine second embodiment shown in Figure 7 is different from first embodiment is; Being installed in the butterfly type brush 5 of 1 two sides of vehicle frame and sucker 3 is divided into two groups and works alone respectively or work simultaneously, linkage that is driven by hydraulic jack or cable mechanism are put down the butterfly type brush 5 of ipsilateral and sucker 3 when the work simultaneously, the dividing plate 24 of the time mentioning the linkage ipsilateral simultaneously in transition puts down or mentions, the air door of the suction tube 10 on the sucker 3 is opened when sucker 3 work, can both put down when linkage that round brush 25 is driven by hydraulic jack or cable mechanism link brush 5 of any one group of butterfly type and sucker 3 work, before the butterfly type brush 5 of round brush 25 rotational angle assistance work is swept to the sucker 3 of ipsilateral with dust and rubbish when transition the time can both be mentioned and put down.All the other courses of work of sweeping machine second embodiment shown in Figure 7 are identical with the course of work of first embodiment, repeat no more.
In the utility model the foregoing description, bracing frame has multiple form of structure can reach the function of launching and drawing in, semiclosed control of dust account also has multiple style can reach above requirement, and hydraulic jack and cylinder can mutual alternative also can be motor drive mechanism or mechanical mechanism.
It should be noted that at last: above embodiment is only unrestricted in order to the explanation the technical solution of the utility model, although the utility model is had been described in detail with reference to preferred embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, can make amendment or be equal to replacement the technical solution of the utility model, and not break away from the spirit and scope of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (11)

1. sweeping machine, comprise vehicle frame (1), water tank (21) is installed on the described vehicle frame (1), dustbin (2) and be installed in filter screen (7) in the dustbin (2), water pump (22) also is installed on the described vehicle frame (1), water pump (22) and water tank (21) UNICOM, described vehicle frame (1) both sides are separately installed with butterfly type brush (5), under vehicle frame (1), in butterfly type brush (5) sucker (3) is installed afterwards, the suction tube (10) of at least one and dustbin (2) UNICOM is installed on the described sucker (3), the blower fan (6) of UNICOM's dustbin (2) is installed on the vehicle frame (1), the outlet air end UNICOM air exhaust passage (11) of blower fan (6), it is characterized in that, be hung with the semiclosed control of dust account (12) of cover cap butterfly type brush (5) under the described vehicle frame (1), sucker (3) and semiclosed control of dust account (12) UNICOM, dust in blower fan (6) the semiclosed control of dust account of suction (12) and rubbish form dust-contained airflow and enter dustbin (2) by sucker (3) and suction tube (10), be provided with at least one sprays the Snow Agent aqueous solution or nozzle (4) from water to described dust-contained airflow in described sucker (3) and/or the suction tube (10), nozzle (4) is by waterpipe and water pump (22) UNICOM, and blower fan (6) extracts in the dustbin (2) and discharges by air exhaust passage (11) through the clean gas flow after gravitational settling and filter screen (7) filtration.
2. a kind of sweeping machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described water tank (21), suction tube (10), dustbin (2) and filter screen (7) adopt stainless steel material, described water pump (22) adopts copper, aluminium, engineering plastics or stainless steel material, described waterpipe adopts rubber or stainless steel material, and the interior naked face that blower fan (6) and air exhaust passage (11) are crossed wind is coated with coating or blower fan (6) and air exhaust passage (11) the employing stainless steel material that resistant material is made.
3, a kind of sweeping machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described semiclosed control of dust account (12) is with leather or canvas material mosquito net formula structure that make, bottom opening, the both sides that the account of described semiclosed control of dust account (12) encloses are provided with the gap that the brush seedling tail end that makes butterfly type brush (5) stretches out, described account enclose peripheral lower edge height overhead be 5mm~100mm and be before the low shape in high back.
4, a kind of sweeping machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the semiclosed control of dust account of described air exhaust passage (11) UNICOM (12).
5, a kind of sweeping machine according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, the account of described semiclosed control of dust account (12) encloses for the interlayer account and encloses, the lower edge opening that described interlayer account encloses, described air exhaust passage (11) is provided with a bypass branch wind pipe, bypass branch wind pipe UNICOM air exhaust passage (11) and the interlayer that the interlayer account encloses are provided with air door and distribute air draft in the described air exhaust passage (11), air door distributes the air-flow part of air draft to flow through the interlayer that the interlayer account encloses towards the discharge of sweeping machine afterbody, part.
6, a kind of sweeping machine according to claim 3 is characterized in that, the lower edge that the account of described semiclosed control of dust account (12) encloses is provided with counterweight (23) or vaulting pole (20).
7, a kind of sweeping machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described sucker (3) passes through suction channel (8) UNICOM with semiclosed control of dust account (12), and described suction channel (8) is the semiclosed passage of " ㄇ " shape for the cross section made from leather or canvas material.
8, a kind of sweeping machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that linkage or cable mechanism that the hydraulic jack that makes described butterfly type brush (5) and sucker (3) put down, make when cutting to described butterfly type brush (5) and sucker (3) to mention synchronously synchronously when also operation being installed on the described vehicle frame (1) drives.
9, a kind of sweeping machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described butterfly type brush (5) go up or vehicle frame (1) on also be provided with the nozzle (4) of wet cleaning operation spray water under non-icing climatic environment, described nozzle (4) is by waterpipe, conduit switch and water pump (22) UNICOM.
10, according to the described a kind of sweeping machine of arbitrary claim in the claim 1~9, it is characterized in that, described semiclosed control of dust account (12) is supported and suspended under described vehicle frame (1) by bracing frame (13), bracing frame (13) comprises cylinder (14), hinge (15), extension spring (16), stay cord (17), pulley (18), stand (19) and vaulting pole (20), described stand (19) is fixed on vehicle frame (1) both sides, the vaulting pole (20) of bracing frame (13) in vehicle frame (1) both sides is configured to the parallelogram planar linkage mechanism of two activities with hinge (15) flexible connection each other and is movably connected in hinge (15) on the stand (19) of vehicle frame (1) both sides, the outer end of bracing frame (13) two forequarters connects an end of extension spring (16), an other end of extension spring (16) is fixed on the vehicle frame (1), the outer end at bracing frame (13) rear portion, both sides connects an end of stay cord (17), the other end of stay cord (17) is walked around the pulley (18) that is fixed on the vehicle frame (1) and is connected cylinder (14), launches when making described semiclosed control of dust account (12) be formed on operation under bracing frame (13) supports, draw in and can dodge the flexible structure of obstruction in when transition.
11, according to the described a kind of sweeping machine of arbitrary claim in the claim 1~9, it is characterized in that, described butterfly type brush (5) and sucker (3) respectively are two, order is installed in the left and right side of described vehicle frame (1) respectively, described semiclosed control of dust account (12) cover cap described butterfly type brush (5) and sucker (3), the suction tube (10) that makes dustbin (2) and sucker (3) UNICOM all is installed on each sucker (3), suction tube (10) passes semiclosed control of dust account (12), each suction tube all is provided with the air door that can open or close independently in (10), centre under the described vehicle frame (1) also is equipped with horizontal and a round brush (25) that can rotational angle, described round brush (25) is positioned at semiclosed control of dust account (12), between butterfly type brush (5) and sucker (3), the inboard that is positioned at every butterfly type brush (5) in the described semiclosed control of dust account (12) also is equipped with a dividing plate (24) that dust and rubbish is thrown to when stopping butterfly type brush (5) cleaning work the opposite, and link respectively dividing plate (24) and round brush (25) of linkage that is driven by hydraulic jack or cable mechanism puts down when working, when transition, promote.
CNU2008201363267U 2008-09-22 2008-09-22 Street sweeper Expired - Fee Related CN201265149Y (en)

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CNU2008201363267U CN201265149Y (en) 2008-09-22 2008-09-22 Street sweeper

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CNU2008201363267U CN201265149Y (en) 2008-09-22 2008-09-22 Street sweeper

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CNU2008201363267U Expired - Fee Related CN201265149Y (en) 2008-09-22 2008-09-22 Street sweeper

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103572724A (en) * 2012-07-31 2014-02-12 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Full-suction circulation sweeper truck
CN106836095A (en) * 2017-04-11 2017-06-13 深圳恒洁士机器人环境保护科技有限公司 Environment-protecting clean robot
CN106917374A (en) * 2015-12-28 2017-07-04 天津市绿通环保工程设备开发有限公司 Environment-friendlyroad road sweeper

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103572724A (en) * 2012-07-31 2014-02-12 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Full-suction circulation sweeper truck
CN106917374A (en) * 2015-12-28 2017-07-04 天津市绿通环保工程设备开发有限公司 Environment-friendlyroad road sweeper
CN106836095A (en) * 2017-04-11 2017-06-13 深圳恒洁士机器人环境保护科技有限公司 Environment-protecting clean robot

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