CN2566190Y - Solar generating/heat-collecting device - Google Patents

Solar generating/heat-collecting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2566190Y
CN2566190Y CN02241125U CN02241125U CN2566190Y CN 2566190 Y CN2566190 Y CN 2566190Y CN 02241125 U CN02241125 U CN 02241125U CN 02241125 U CN02241125 U CN 02241125U CN 2566190 Y CN2566190 Y CN 2566190Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
substrate
electrical energy
thermal
energy generation
heat
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
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CN02241125U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林国源
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林国源
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to AU63536/2001 priority Critical
Priority to AU63536/01A priority patent/AU6353601A/en
Application filed by 林国源 filed Critical 林国源
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2566190Y publication Critical patent/CN2566190Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The utility model relates to a solar generating/heat-collecting device, which comprises a plurality of basal plates, a plurality of generating units and a louver controlling mechanism, wherein, the basal plates are adjacent to each other by plate edges one by one and form a separable contacting arrangement in a louver structure; the generating units are respectively arranged and fixedly inlaid on one upper surface of the basal plates, and each generating unit is provided with a solar battery plate set capable of being used for converting solar light energy to electric energy; the louver controlling mechanism is arranged around the basal plates and is used for connecting and driving the basal plate to synchronously do a louver type opening or closing action. The utility model can have solar generating and heat collecting double effects and simultaneously exert the function of a building structure to save cost, and the utility model can fully utilize the solar light and heat and change light absorbing angles in company with the radiating direction of the solar light so as to fully utilize the solar light, and has convenient and safe cleaning.

Description

Solar electrical energy generation/heat collector
[technical field]
The utility model is about a kind of solar electrical energy generation/heat collector.
[background technology]
Can supply the limited energy of utilization on the earth, thereby have the people to develop solar thermal collector and solar panel successively, come heat build-up and generating to utilize solar energy.Yet but have following unfavorable place:
One, a tool individual event function is comparatively wasted: these solar thermal collectors only have the fuel factor utilized and are used in for example individual event heat build-up function of pot-type boiler, heated swimming pool etc., do not meet the multiduty requirement of multiplex (MUX) of product now.No matter solar thermal collector or solar panel all need be spread and place very big area, so occupy the very big area of building, but only have individual event function, kind of the waste of can saying so separately.
Two, solar energy fails to make full use of: and this solar panel utilizes solar energy to convert electric power to, and the heating power of solar energy then fails to make full use of.
Three, these heat collectors or solar panel generally all additionally place outside building or the structures such as car, ship in addition, and Shang Weiyou is designed to the some of structure with it, and is combined into the function of structure, can not reduce construction cost.
Four, be difficult to clean: when these solar panels is on the outer surface of setting up at building or end face, use a period of time rear surface will attach dustiness, and then influence the absorption usefulness of luminous energy, and if climb when to building, desiring to scrub work with artificial, then comparatively labor intensive, man-hour, dangerous high, quite inconvenience in the cleaning.
[utility model content]
The purpose of this utility model is to be to provide a kind of solar electrical energy generation/heat collector, can have solar electrical energy generation and thermal-arrest double effects concurrently, can be used as the part of building structure simultaneously, performance building structure function, escapable cost again, can make full use of the light and heat of the sun, can change the absorption light angle along with the irradiation of sunlight direction with abundant absorption sunshine, and be convenient to safe cleaning.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a kind of solar electrical energy generation/heat collector, it is characterized in that: comprise:
Most substrates, be each other the sheet sheet with plate edge and adjacent and be with louver structure and abut arrangement separably;
Most generator units are that horizontal is laid a upper surface that is fixed on this each substrate respectively, and this each generator unit has a solar panel group that solar energy can be converted to electric energy;
One blinds controlling organization, be installed in this substrate around connect this substrate synchronously louvered raise or cover action.
In addition, solar electrical energy generation/heat collector of the present utility model also comprises most thermal-arrest unit that are installed on each substrate respectively and are positioned at a side of generator unit.
More Cui's is, the above-mentioned blinds controlling organization of the utility model has most fixed axis that are articulated in a side of each substrate respectively, majority is connected to the shifting axle of the opposite side of each substrate, and one connect these shifting axles of control and cover position and for these fixed axis one with locking phase and raise the control module that moves between the position, can make that these substrates are that the center rotates to lift and closes separately with the fixed axis together with generator unit, when covering the position, these substrates are to be in twos that adjacent side lip overlaps overlapping to block the state that light or air see through mutually, and when raising the position, these substrates are to be the state that passes through with facial expression line or air at interval that staggers mutually.
Further, this blinds controlling organization also has this control module of a timing automatic control and drives these generator units change pendulum at any time towards the light direction of illumination timing unit.
And the utility model also comprises a thermal insulation layer below this substrate.
Again, above-mentioned thermal insulation layer is made of the body that can be installed in water, liquid or air.
In addition, each thermal-arrest unit has a thermal-collecting tube that is installed on this substrate.
More very be, each thermal-arrest unit also have one at intervals cover overlay on the optically focused cover plate of periphery of this thermal-collecting tube.
This substrate is one the solar thermal energy that conducted generator unit can be conducted to again the metallic plate of thermal insulation layer and thermal-collecting tube.
In sum, the utility model has really and is the advantage of Cui and effect more in the past:
One, the multinomial function of tool is not wasted: the utility model is simultaneously with the effect of utilizing solar electrical energy generation and thermal-arrest, the electric power that can utilize solar energy to convert to is useed power supply as, use for building and various electrical equipment, simultaneously and can utilize the solar heat effect to supply the multinomial heat build-up function of the heating installation utilization etc. of the covered court of pot-type boiler, heated swimming pool or refrigerant latitudes for example, meet multiplex's multipurpose of product now in fact and the requirement of not wasting.
Two, can make full use of solar energy: the utility model can make full use of the light and the heat of the sun, can collect the heating power that utilizes solar energy layer by layer.And can change the absorption light angle along with the irradiation of sunlight direction, utilize solar energy with abundant collection.
Three, be the some of building structure: shown in Figure 5, the utility model except can generate electricity, thermal-arrest, more can directly be designed to the some of building structure, to save the Master Cost of structure.
Four, clean easily: when needing to clean, the utility model can be controlled these substrates 1 are raised, and is so that personnel are indoor to scrub the bar cleaning by building, to keep the usefulness of generator unit 5 and thermal-arrest unit 6, quite convenient.
Below by solar electrical energy generation/heat collector of the present utility model being elaborated than Cui embodiment and accompanying drawing:
[description of drawings]
Fig. 1 is a cross-sectional schematic than Cui embodiment of solar electrical energy generation/heat collector of the present utility model, illustrates that this device is positioned at one and covers the position.
Fig. 2 is that Fig. 1 should be than the schematic top plan view of Cui embodiment.
Fig. 3 is a part of cross-sectional schematic of amplifying, and a substrate, a generator unit, a thermal-arrest unit are described, and the tectonic relationship between other associated components.
Fig. 4 one is similar to the view of Fig. 2, illustrates that this device is positioned to raise the position.
Fig. 5 is this schematic top plan view that is installed in the installation position on the roof than Cui embodiment.
Fig. 6 is another cross-sectional schematic than Cui embodiment of solar electrical energy generation/heat collector of the present utility model, illustrates that this device is positioned at one and covers the position.
Fig. 7 one is similar to the view of Fig. 6, illustrates that this device is positioned to raise the position.
[specific embodiment]
For convenience of description, following embodiment, components identical is represented with identical label.
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3, one of device of the present utility model can be set up in top of building or side than Cui embodiment, also can be used for becoming roof, skylight, wall, door and window, sunshade or car, the ship of building ... or the like structure, and can design different length and width according to use needing.This device comprises: most substrates 1, most cover plate 2, most baffle plate 3, most thermal insulation layer 4, most generator unit 5, most thermal-arrests unit 6, and a blinds controlling organization 7.Only demonstrate tetrabasal 1 in the drawings, be installed in the member on these substrates 1, and the blinds controlling organization 7 of controlling these substrates 1.
These substrates 1 be the corresponding tilt setting and each other the sheet sheet with plate edge and adjacent, abut arrangement separably and be with louver structure, the adjacent panels edge of adjacent substrate 1 is mutual lapping in twos in the present embodiment, direction by Fig. 1, one is positioned at the higher left border in position of right-hand substrate 1, be lapping above the lower margo dexter in the position of an adjacent left substrate 1, and the lower margo dexter in the position of this right-hand substrate 1 then is to extend lapping below a left border of another adjacent substrate 1.Each substrate 1 is all one can be in order to the metal heat-conducting plate of transferring heat energy.
Each cover plate 2 all is that consubstantiality is tilted to down and hides towards substrate 1 extension that is adjacent from the left border of this substrate 1.
All to be consubstantiality by this substrate 1 be tilted to and extend towards the substrate 1 that is adjacent in contrast to the margo dexter of cover plate 2 each baffle plate 3 protrudes, with the phase contraposition below adjacent cover plate 2.
Borrow these adjacent cover plates 2 and protruding out in opposite directions of baffle plate 3 to splice, can be in order to hide the seam of being separated by of 1 of the two adjacent and substrate that connects, in order to intercept extraneous air, noise and rainwater.
These thermal insulation layers 4 difference positions are below these substrates 1, each thermal insulation layer 4 is all made by completely cutting off heat conducting layer material, for example mineral wool, rubber and plastic glue foaming body etc. the layer material, and be to use water pipe or air hose to be formed by connecting side by side in the present embodiment, available to prevent that the heat that reaches substrate 1 from transmitting loss downwards, also can avoid causing interior of building sultry.In addition, these water pipes or air hose suitably can be connected to other main flow pipes (figure does not show), so, space control optionally flow air, liquid or water, not only can reach heat insulation effect at this thermal insulation layer place, also can make full use of unnecessary heat energy, just utilize above-mentioned fluid that the heat energy that these are come by substrate 1 conduction is compiled, and carry and be directed to a use side (figure do not show), covered court heating installation for heated swimming pool or refrigerant latitudes utilizes, or is used for heat insulation adjusting indoor temperature.Certainly, these thermal insulation layers 4 also can be installed in the below of this cover plate 2 and baffle plate 3 respectively in design.Also can respectively these substrates 1 and thermal insulation layer 4 be made whole piece in design, or with substrate 1 and thermal insulation layer 4 and integrator.
These generator units 5 are solid upper surfaces at these substrates in horizontal shop respectively, and each generator unit 5 has a diaphragm type light weight solar panel group 51, and this cell plate group 51 is one solar energy can be converted to the plate of electric energy.Because of the structure and the start principle of this solar panel group generator unit belongs to known technology, be not utility model emphasis of the present utility model, so do not give unnecessary details at this.
These thermal-arrest unit 6 are solid a upper surface and two opposition side at generator unit 5 at these substrates 1 of frame respectively, each thermal-arrest unit has the reflective material layer 62 that a cover plate 61, that defines an enclosure space is coated with a Lower Half of an inner ring surface that is located at cover plate 61, and one with cover plate 61 separately and the coaxial thermal-collecting tube 63 that stretches through in this enclosure space.One lateral margin of this cover plate 61 is to abut a lateral margin that is fixed in this cell plate group 51, and is one to can be used for the made rectangular hollow cylinder of plastic material of optically focused.This reflective material layer 62 can be preserved the fuel factor of the sun in order to gathering, and provides heat to this thermal-collecting tube 63.This thermal-collecting tube 63 is one can be installed in air or water or other liquid and the body poly-or that flow that stagnates for liquid, more is respectively equipped with a lining (figure does not show) at the two ends of each thermal-collecting tube 63, with thermal-collecting tube 63 at intervals support in cover plate 61.Certainly, this thermal-arrest unit 6 also can omit this cover plate 61 of installing in design, and only has at least one thermal-collecting tube 63, and it is solid on substrate 1 that thermal-collecting tube 63 is directly supported, and this moment, this substrate 1 just can be with thermal energy transfer to thermal-collecting tube 63, to improve the heat energy utilization rate.
This blinds controlling organization 7 be installed in this substrate 1 around, be used for connecting these substrates 1 of transmission synchronously louvered raise or cover action.This blinds controlling organization 7 has the shifting axle 72 that most fixed axis 71, majorities that are articulated in the margo dexter of each substrate 1 respectively are connected to the left border of each substrate 1, and one connects these shifting axle 72 locking phases of control and covers position and for these fixed axis 71 one and raise the control module 73 that moves between the position.When this covered the position, each substrate 1 was to be in twos adjacent side lip to overlap overlappingly mutually, and blocking the state that light sees through, and when raising the position, each substrate 1 is to be to stagger one mutually at interval, the state that passes through with the facial expression line.These fixed axis 71 two ends are to borrow common equidistantly to be plugged in two parallel boom frameworks 74 and to be installed in a bearing, for example window frame, wall ... Deng.This control module 73 has a trace 731, that connects an end of these shifting axles 72 and has a fork 733 perpendicular to the rotating shaft 732 of these trace 731 length directions, and an ora terminalis with these trace 731 contiguous these forks 733 is journaled into the eccentric rod 734 on the eccentric position of this fork 733.This fork 733 be subjected to 735 controls of one gear-actuating unit and between a predetermined angle slow rotation, move between the position in covering the position and raising relative to controlling these substrates 1 with the foundation sun irradiation angle, these fork 733 1 sides are parallel surface length directions to this trace 731, the ora terminalis of contiguous this trace 731.This eccentric rod 734 is perpendicular to this trace 731 length directions, has two end opposite of eccentric position and this trace 731 of this side that connects this fork 733 respectively.In addition, this blinds controlling organization 7 can have more a timing unit 75.But these timing unit 75 self-timings are controlled this control module 73 and are driven, and make these substrate 1 interlock generator units 5 and thermal-arrest unit 6 at any time towards changeing pendulum towards the light direction of illumination, can reach the thermal-arrest usefulness of Cui.Certainly, this control module 73 can adopt any suitable driving mechanism, and to do the mechanical action of " quadric chain " formula just passable as long as can make trace 731 drive these substrates 1, and present embodiment is simply represented with said mechanism.
Device of the present utility model more can comprise one and connect these cell plate group 51 and the outlet line (figure do not show) of converter with output power, reach the main flow pipe (figure does not show) of these thermal-collecting tubes 63 of connection and air-conditioning pipe or water pipe, and this main flow pipe can be the rubber hose of the predetermined sufficient length of a tool.And the facility of above-mentioned circuit and pipeline can be implemented various designs according to need, and belonging to prior art can reach, and does not give unnecessary details now at this.
As shown in Figure 5, the utility model is fixedly arranged in the skylight frame hole of reserving in advance on building roof 8 one with this boom framework 74, become the some of roof structure, when generating and thermal-arrest use, when solar irradiation is incident upon these cell plate group 51 of this generator unit 5, these cell plate group 51 can be generated electricity and be become a power supply, and can provide electrical apparatus electric power to use by output current, sunray conducted the heat energy of these cell plate group 51 simultaneously, can be passed to these substrates 1 downwards, and conduct to thermal insulation layer 4 through these substrates 1, for making full use of the solar heat effect.And the cover plate 61 of this thermal-arrest unit 6 and reflective material layer 62 are to assemble this sun all directions irradiation and next heat energy, this thermal-collecting tube 63 be exactly absorb this heat energy and will conduct to air or water liquid in the pipe, make hot gas in these thermal-collecting tubes 63 or hot water compile jointly again flowing in the main flow pipe and in the follow-up heat accumulation bucket, use so that building heating installation or hot water to be provided.
As Fig. 1 and shown in Figure 4, when turning to lift use, this fork 733 can be subjected to the driving of power source and can rotate between predetermined angle with locating, move to drive these traces 731 thereupon, make that these shifting axles 72 are the center with this fixed axis 71 separately synchronously, and swing between the position in covering the position and raising, with these substrates 1 are raised into respectively a facial expression line by or the state that ventilates, or cover into one mutually and block the state that light or air see through, as a shutter to lift cooperation moving.So present embodiment has the generating and the shutter of heat collection function except becoming one, but more turn to lift unlatching because of portable propelling, therefore accumulate dust when the surface, and when need cleaning, can control be raised by these substrates 1, so that it is personal security ground is indoor to scrub the bar cleaning by building,, quite convenient to keep the usefulness of generator unit 5 and thermal-arrest unit 6.
As Figure 6 and Figure 7, another of device of the present utility model can be used as skylight, the door and window of building than Cui embodiment.The structure of present embodiment roughly with the foregoing description with, comprise equally: most substrates 91 (91 ', 91 "), most thermal insulation layer 92 (92 ', 92 "), most generator unit 93 (93 ', 93 "), and 94 (94 ') of most thermal-arrests unit.These substrates 91 (91 ', 91 ") also are that the sheet sheet and can abut arrangement by louvered discretely with plate edge lapping each other, and its blinds controlling organization is same as the previously described embodiments, so not shown.
But the present embodiment place different with the foregoing description is: the cover plate of these thermal-arrest unit 94 (94 ') be by a upper cover plate 941 that can separate up and down (941 ") and once cover plate 942 (942 ') constituted, the cover plate of same thermal-arrest unit 94 is by adjacent in twos substrate 91,91 " the corresponding overlapping overlap joint of adjacent side lip form.Just with same substrate 91, these substrates 91 can be made by transparent plastic sheet (PC), the integrally formed upper cover plate 941 of one lateral margin (left side of figure), the then integrally formed cover plate once 942 of another lateral margin (right side of figure) is then consolidated framves on fixed axis 951 with support 944 as for the two ends of thermal-collecting tube 943.
As the mode of action of the foregoing description with the driving of blinds controlling organization, as shown in Figure 7, present embodiment also is to be the swing fulcrum with this fixed axis 951 (951 '), and shifting axle 952 (952 ") is pushed the action arc and swings (this moment, fixed axis 951 was the fixed point rotation); and be the opening of venetian blind type, but in this embodiment its opening more easy cleaning cover plate inside cover dirt.
Take a broad view of above-mentioned, structure of the present utility model, feature can provide a kind of solar electrical energy generation/heat collector really, can reach and have generating, thermal-arrest, temperature adjustment, and the purpose that directly constitutes the multifunctional and multipurpose of the some of structure such as security window, curtain etc.

Claims (12)

1. solar electrical energy generation/heat collector is characterized in that: comprise:
Most substrates, be each other the sheet sheet with plate edge and adjacent and be with louver structure and abut arrangement separably;
Most generator units are that horizontal is laid a upper surface that is fixed on this each substrate respectively, and this each generator unit has a solar panel group;
One blinds controlling organization, be installed in this substrate around connect this substrate.
2. solar electrical energy generation/heat collector as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the plate edge of per two adjacent substrates is mutual lappings.
3. solar electrical energy generation/heat collector as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the thermal-arrest unit that also comprises a side of most upper surfaces that are installed in this each substrate respectively.
4. solar electrical energy generation/heat collector as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that: this each thermal-arrest unit has a thermal-collecting tube that is installed on this substrate.
5. solar electrical energy generation/heat collector as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that: this substrate is a heat-conducting plate.
6. solar electrical energy generation/heat collector as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that: this each thermal-arrest unit also has one and covers the cover plate that overlays on this thermal-collecting tube periphery at intervals.
7. solar electrical energy generation/heat collector as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that: the one-body molded upper cover plate of a lateral margin of this substrate, the then one-body molded cover plate once of another lateral margin, the cover plate of this thermal-arrest unit then are that the adjacent upper and lower cover plate by two adjacent substrates can form by stacked dividually overlap joint.
8. as claim 1 or 2 or 3 described solar electrical energy generation/heat collectors, it is characterized in that: this blinds controlling organization has the shifting axle of most fixed axis that are articulated in a side of this each substrate respectively, opposite side that majority is connected to this each substrate, and a control module that connects this each shifting axle.
9. solar electrical energy generation/heat collector as claimed in claim 8 is characterized in that: this blinds controlling organization also has a timing unit that is connected with this control module.
10. as claim 1 or 2 or 3 described solar electrical energy generation/heat collectors, it is characterized in that: also comprise the thermal insulation layer of most positions respectively below this each substrate.
11. solar electrical energy generation/heat collector as claimed in claim 10 is characterized in that: this thermal insulation layer is made of the body that is installed in water, liquid or air.
12. solar electrical energy generation/heat collector as claimed in claim 10 is characterized in that: this substrate is a heat-conducting plate.
CN02241125U 2000-08-21 2002-07-01 Solar generating/heat-collecting device Expired - Fee Related CN2566190Y (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU63536/2001 2001-08-20
AU63536/01A AU6353601A (en) 2000-08-21 2001-08-20 Solar construction board and solar louvre made therefrom

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2566190Y true CN2566190Y (en) 2003-08-13

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN02241125U Expired - Fee Related CN2566190Y (en) 2000-08-21 2002-07-01 Solar generating/heat-collecting device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2566190Y (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109631369A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-04-16 北京国网普瑞特高压输电技术有限公司 Optimize the distributed new energy storage device of user side configuration

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109631369A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-04-16 北京国网普瑞特高压输电技术有限公司 Optimize the distributed new energy storage device of user side configuration

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C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee