CN216800006U - Useless solid useless broken separation device of danger - Google Patents

Useless solid useless broken separation device of danger Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216800006U
CN216800006U CN202220452364.3U CN202220452364U CN216800006U CN 216800006 U CN216800006 U CN 216800006U CN 202220452364 U CN202220452364 U CN 202220452364U CN 216800006 U CN216800006 U CN 216800006U
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box body
crushing
magnetic separation
motor
wall
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CN202220452364.3U
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Chinese (zh)
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孟繁莉
李曼
尹诚悦
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a hazardous waste solid waste crushing and separating device which comprises a box body, a feeding hole, a crushing mechanism, a magnetic separation mechanism, a screening mechanism, a discharging hole and a motor III, wherein the box body is provided with a feeding hole; the feeding holes are positioned at the top end of the box body, the magnetic separation mechanisms are provided with a pair of magnetic separation mechanisms which are symmetrically fixed on the inner wall of the box body, and the crushing mechanism and the screening mechanism are respectively positioned at the upper side and the lower side of the magnetic separation mechanism; the discharge port is positioned on the box body at one side of the screening mechanism, the motor III is positioned on the side wall of the box body, and the output end of the motor III is provided with a chain wheel; the crushing mechanism comprises a crushing roller I, a crushing roller II and a motor I; the crushing roller I and the crushing roller II are movably connected to the inner wall of the box body, and chain wheels are arranged at one ends of the crushing roller I and one end of the crushing roller II; the motor I is positioned at the top end of the box body, a chain wheel is arranged at the output end of the motor I, and the chain wheel is connected with a chain wheel on the crushing roller I through a chain; and a chain wheel on the crushing roller II is connected with a chain wheel at the output end of the motor III through a chain. The utility model can separate out metal substances, thereby avoiding the waste of resources.

Description

Useless solid useless broken separation device of danger
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of hazardous waste solid waste treatment, and particularly relates to a hazardous waste solid waste crushing and separating device.
Background
Solid waste refers to solid, semi-solid and gaseous articles, substances that are discarded or discarded in a container, and articles, substances that are regulated by laws and administrative laws and regulations and incorporated into the management of solid waste, which are generated in production, life and other activities, and which lose their original value of use or are not lost; the traditional hazardous waste solid waste crushing and separating device has the following defects:
1) traditional broken separator can not isolate metallic substance to handle metallic substance and other solid waste together, can't be with metallic substance recycle again, cause the waste of resource, still can produce metal pollution simultaneously.
2) The conventional crushing and separating device causes the blocking of the sieving mechanism in the process of separating the small waste and the large waste, so that the small waste and the large waste cannot be thoroughly sieved.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims to overcome the defects in the prior art, and provides a hazardous waste solid waste crushing and separating device which can separate out metal substances, avoid the waste of resources and reduce pollution.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model adopts the technical scheme that:
a hazardous waste solid waste crushing and separating device comprises a box body, a feeding hole, a crushing mechanism, a magnetic separation mechanism, a screening mechanism, a discharging hole and a motor III; the feeding hole is positioned at the top end of the box body, the crushing mechanism, the magnetic separation mechanism and the screening mechanism are all positioned in the box body, the magnetic separation mechanism is provided with a pair of crushing mechanisms and symmetrically fixed on the inner wall of the box body, and the crushing mechanism and the screening mechanism are respectively positioned at the upper side and the lower side of the magnetic separation mechanism; the discharge port is located on the box body on one side of the screening mechanism, the motor III is fixed on the side wall of the box body, and the output end of the motor III is provided with a pair of chain wheels.
The crushing mechanism comprises a crushing roller I, a crushing roller II and a motor I; the crushing roller I and the crushing roller II are movably connected to the inner wall of the box body, and chain wheels are arranged at one ends of the crushing roller I and one end of the crushing roller II; the motor I is positioned at the top end of the box body, a chain wheel is arranged at the output end of the motor I, and the chain wheel is connected with a chain wheel on the crushing roller I through a chain; and a chain wheel at one end of the crushing roller II is connected with a chain wheel at the output end of the motor III through a chain.
The magnetic separation mechanism comprises a magnetic separation roller, a baffle, a scraper, a metal collection box, a support plate and a motor II; the motor II is positioned on the outer wall of the box body, the magnetic separation roller is movably connected to the inner wall of the box body, and one end of the magnetic separation roller is connected to the output end of the motor II; the baffle is fixed on the inner wall of the box body; the scraper is positioned below the baffle, one end of the scraper is fixed on the inner wall of the box body, and the other end of the scraper is in contact with the surface of the magnetic separation roller; the supporting plate is positioned below the magnetic separation roller and the scraper and fixed on the inner wall of the box body; the metal collecting box is positioned on the supporting plate.
The side wall of the box body is provided with a mounting groove and a movable hole.
The screening mechanism comprises a screening plate, a movable frame, a cam, a tension spring, a movable shaft, a spring, a collecting box I and a collecting box II; one end of the screening plate is positioned in the mounting groove, and the other end of the screening plate is movably connected to the box body on one side of the discharge port through a pin shaft; one end of the movable shaft is movably connected to the side wall of the box body, and the other end of the movable shaft is provided with a chain wheel which is connected with a chain wheel at the output end of the motor III through a chain; the cam is fixed on the movable shaft, and the movable frame is movably connected in the movable hole through the rotating shaft; one end of the tension spring is connected to the movable frame, and the other end of the tension spring is connected to the inner wall of the box body; the spring is located the mounting groove on the box lateral wall, and spring one end is connected on the screening board, and the other end is connected on the box, and collecting box I is located screening board below, and collecting box II is located box one side.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
1) after being crushed, the solid waste enters a magnetic separation mechanism, a motor II provides power to drive a magnetic separation roller to rotate, the magnetic separation roller adsorbs metals in the solid waste, and when the magnetic separation roller rotates to a scraper, the scraper scrapes the metals adsorbed on the magnetic separation roller, so that the metals fall into a metal collection box, and the effect of separating the metals in the solid waste is achieved;
2) the motor III provides power to drive the movable shaft to rotate through the chain wheel and the chain, the cam is further driven to rotate, when the cam rotates to be in contact with the movable frame, the movable frame is driven to rotate, one end of the movable frame, which is positioned in the box body, moves upwards, the tension spring is stretched, and meanwhile, the screening plate is driven to rotate upwards, so that the spring is stretched; when the cam is far away from the movable frame, the tension spring restores to drive one end of the movable frame, which is positioned in the box body, to move downwards to be far away from the screening plate, and meanwhile, the spring restores to drive the screening plate to move downwards to reciprocate in sequence, so that the screening plate shakes to prevent the screening plate from being blocked, and therefore small solid wastes fall into a collecting box I below the screening plate, and meanwhile, large solid wastes enter a collecting box II through a discharge hole; the effect of thoroughly separating the large solid waste from the small solid waste is achieved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a hazardous waste solid waste crushing and separating device of the utility model;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram I of the internal structure of a hazardous waste solid waste crushing and separating device of the utility model;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the internal structure of a hazardous waste solid waste crushing and separating device of the utility model;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of the sifting mechanism of FIG. 2;
in the figure: 1. a box body; 101. mounting grooves; 102. a movable hole; 2. a feed inlet; 3. a crushing mechanism; 301. a crushing roller I; 302. a crushing roller II; 303. a motor I; 4. a magnetic separation mechanism; 401. a magnetic separation roller; 402. a baffle plate; 403. a squeegee; 404. a metal collection box; 405. a support plate; 406. a motor II; 5. a screening mechanism; 501. a screening plate; 502. a movable frame; 503. a cam; 504. a tension spring; 505. a movable shaft; 506. a spring; 507. a collecting box I; 508. a collecting box II; 6. a discharge port; 7. and a motor III.
Detailed Description
For the convenience of understanding of those skilled in the art, the technical solution of the present invention will be further described in detail with reference to fig. 1 to 4.
A hazardous waste solid waste crushing and separating device comprises a box body 1, a feeding hole 2, a crushing mechanism 3, a magnetic separation mechanism 4, a screening mechanism 5, a discharging hole 6 and a motor III 7; the feed inlet 2 is positioned at the top end of the box body 1, the crushing mechanism 3, the magnetic separation mechanism 4 and the screening mechanism 5 are all positioned in the box body 1, the magnetic separation mechanism 4 is provided with a pair of crushing mechanisms and symmetrically fixed on the inner wall of the box body 1, and the crushing mechanism 3 and the screening mechanism 5 are respectively positioned at the upper side and the lower side of the magnetic separation mechanism 4; the discharge port 6 is positioned on the box body 1 at one side of the screening mechanism 5, the motor III 7 is fixed on the side wall of the box body 1, and the output end of the motor III 7 is provided with a pair of chain wheels; after entering through feed inlet 2, solid waste enters into rubbing crusher mechanism 3 first and smashes, then enters into magnetic separation mechanism 4 and separates metal and other solid waste, and then other solid waste fall into screening mechanism 5, with bold waste and the separation of fritter waste.
The crushing mechanism 3 comprises a crushing roller I301, a crushing roller II 302 and a motor I303; the crushing roller I301 and the crushing roller II 302 are movably connected to the inner wall of the box body 1, and chain wheels are arranged at one ends of the crushing roller I301 and one end of the crushing roller II 302; the motor I303 is positioned at the top end of the box body 1, a chain wheel is arranged at the output end of the motor I303, and the chain wheel is connected with a chain wheel on the crushing roller I301 through a chain; a chain wheel at one end of the crushing roller II 302 is connected with a chain wheel at the output end of the motor III 7 through a chain; the motor I303 and the motor III 7 provide power to drive the crushing roller I301 and the crushing roller II 302 to rotate respectively, so that the entering solid waste is crushed.
The magnetic separation mechanism 4 comprises a magnetic separation roller 401, a baffle 402, a scraper 403, a metal collection box 404, a support plate 405 and a motor II 406; the motor II 406 is positioned on the outer wall of the box body 1, the magnetic separation roller 401 is movably connected to the inner wall of the box body 1, and one end of the magnetic separation roller 401 is connected to the output end of the motor II 406; the baffle 402 is fixed on the inner wall of the box body 1, so that the solid waste enters the magnetic separation roller 401 along the baffle 402 for magnetic separation; the scraper 403 is positioned below the baffle 402, one end of the scraper is fixed on the inner wall of the box body 1, and the other end of the scraper is in contact with the surface of the magnetic separation roller 401; the supporting plate 405 is positioned below the magnetic separation roller 401 and the scraper 403, and the supporting plate 405 is fixed on the inner wall of the box body 1; the metal collection box 404 is positioned on the support plate 405; after solid waste is smashed, get into magnetic separation mechanism 4, motor II 406 provides power and drives magnetic separation roller 401 and rotates, and magnetic separation roller 401 adsorbs the metal in the solid waste, and when magnetic separation roller 401 rotated scraper blade 403 department, scraper blade 403 scraped the metal that adsorbs on magnetic separation roller 401, made the metal fall into in the metal collecting box 404, reached the effect of separating the metal in the solid waste.
The side wall of the box body 1 is provided with a mounting groove 101 and a movable hole 102; the screening mechanism 5 is convenient to install and move.
The screening mechanism 5 comprises a screening plate 501, a movable frame 502, a cam 503, a tension spring 504, a movable shaft 505, a spring 506, a collection box I507 and a collection box II 508; one end of the screening plate 501 is positioned in the mounting groove 101, and the other end is movably connected to the box body 1 at one side of the discharge hole 6 through a pin shaft; one end of a movable shaft 505 is movably connected to the side wall of the box body 1, and the other end of the movable shaft is provided with a chain wheel which is connected with a chain wheel at the output end of a motor III 7 through a chain; the cam 503 is fixed on the movable shaft 505, and the movable frame 502 is movably connected in the movable hole 102 through a rotating shaft; one end of a tension spring 504 is connected to the movable frame 502, and the other end is connected to the inner wall of the box body 1; the spring 506 is positioned in the mounting groove 101 on the side wall of the box body 1, one end of the spring 506 is connected to the screening plate 501, the other end of the spring 506 is connected to the box body 1, the collection box I507 is positioned below the screening plate 501, and the collection box II 508 is positioned on one side of the box body 1; the motor III 7 provides power to drive the movable shaft 505 to rotate through a chain wheel and a chain, so as to further drive the cam 503 to rotate, when the cam 503 rotates to be in contact with the movable frame 502, the movable frame 502 is driven to rotate, one end of the movable frame 502 positioned in the box body 1 moves upwards, the tension spring 504 is stretched, and meanwhile, the screening plate 501 is driven to rotate upwards, so that the spring 506 is stretched; when the cam 503 is far away from the movable frame 502, the tension spring 504 restores to drive one end of the movable frame 502, which is positioned in the box body 1, to move downwards and is far away from the screening plate 501, and meanwhile, the spring 506 restores to drive the screening plate 501 to move downwards and to reciprocate in sequence, so that the screening plate 501 shakes to prevent the screening plate 501 from being blocked, small solid wastes fall into the collecting box I507 below the screening plate 501, and large solid wastes enter the collecting box II 508 through the discharging port 6; the effect of thoroughly separating the large solid waste from the small solid waste is achieved.
The utility model provides a useless broken separator of solid of danger, the working process as follows: after entering through the feed inlet 2, the solid waste enters the crushing mechanism 3 for crushing, then enters the magnetic separation mechanism 4, the motor II 406 provides power to drive the magnetic separation roller 401 to rotate, the magnetic separation roller 401 adsorbs metals in the solid waste, when the magnetic separation roller 401 rotates to the scraper 403, the scraper 403 scrapes the metals adsorbed on the magnetic separation roller 401, so that the metals fall into the metal collection box 404, and the effect of separating the metals in the solid waste is achieved; then other solid wastes fall into the screening mechanism 5, the motor III 7 provides power, and the screening plate 501 shakes under the combined action of a chain wheel, a chain, a movable shaft 505, a cam 503, a movable frame 502, a tension spring 504 and a spring 506, so that small solid wastes fall into a collecting box I507 below the screening plate 501, and meanwhile, large solid wastes enter a collecting box II 508 through a discharge port 6; the effect of separating the large solid waste from the small solid waste is achieved.
The foregoing is merely exemplary and illustrative of the present invention, and various modifications, additions and substitutions may be made by those skilled in the art to the specific embodiments described without departing from the scope of the utility model as defined in the accompanying claims.

Claims (4)

1. A hazardous waste solid waste crushing and separating device comprises a box body, a feed inlet, a crushing mechanism, a magnetic separation mechanism, a screening mechanism, a discharge outlet and a motor III; the device is characterized in that the feed port is positioned at the top end of the box body, the crushing mechanism, the magnetic separation mechanism and the screening mechanism are all positioned in the box body, the magnetic separation mechanism is provided with a pair of crushing mechanisms, the magnetic separation mechanism and the screening mechanism which are symmetrically fixed on the inner wall of the box body, and the crushing mechanism and the screening mechanism are respectively positioned at the upper side and the lower side of the magnetic separation mechanism; the discharge port is positioned on the box body on one side of the screening mechanism, the motor III is fixed on the side wall of the box body, and the output end of the motor III is provided with a pair of chain wheels;
the crushing mechanism comprises a crushing roller I, a crushing roller II and a motor I; the crushing roller I and the crushing roller II are movably connected to the inner wall of the box body, and chain wheels are arranged at one ends of the crushing roller I and one end of the crushing roller II; the motor I is positioned at the top end of the box body, and a chain wheel is arranged at the output end of the motor I and is connected with a chain wheel on the crushing roller I through a chain; and a chain wheel at one end of the crushing roller II is connected with a chain wheel at the output end of the motor III through a chain.
2. The hazardous waste solid and waste crushing and separating device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the magnetic separation mechanism comprises a magnetic separation roller, a baffle, a scraper, a metal collection box, a support plate and a motor II; the motor II is positioned on the outer wall of the box body, the magnetic separation roller is movably connected to the inner wall of the box body, and one end of the magnetic separation roller is connected to the output end of the motor II; the baffle is fixed on the inner wall of the box body; the scraper is positioned below the baffle, one end of the scraper is fixed on the inner wall of the box body, and the other end of the scraper is in contact with the surface of the magnetic separation roller; the supporting plate is positioned below the magnetic separation roller and the scraper and fixed on the inner wall of the box body; the metal collecting box is positioned on the supporting plate.
3. The device for crushing and separating the hazardous waste and the solid waste according to claim 1, wherein the side wall of the box body is provided with an installation groove and a movable hole.
4. The hazardous waste and solid waste crushing and separating device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the screening mechanism comprises a screening plate, a movable frame, a cam, a tension spring, a movable shaft, a spring, a collecting box I and a collecting box II; one end of the screening plate is positioned in the mounting groove, and the other end of the screening plate is movably connected to the box body on one side of the discharge port through a pin shaft; one end of the movable shaft is movably connected to the side wall of the box body, and the other end of the movable shaft is provided with a chain wheel which is connected with a chain wheel at the output end of the motor III through a chain; the cam is fixed on the movable shaft, and the movable frame is movably connected in the movable hole through the rotating shaft; one end of the tension spring is connected to the movable frame, and the other end of the tension spring is connected to the inner wall of the box body; the spring is located the mounting groove on the box lateral wall, and spring one end is connected on the screening board, and the other end is connected on the box, and collecting box I is located screening board below, and collecting box II is located box one side.
CN202220452364.3U 2022-03-02 2022-03-02 Useless solid useless broken separation device of danger Active CN216800006U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202220452364.3U CN216800006U (en) 2022-03-02 2022-03-02 Useless solid useless broken separation device of danger

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202220452364.3U CN216800006U (en) 2022-03-02 2022-03-02 Useless solid useless broken separation device of danger

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117046869A (en) * 2023-09-15 2023-11-14 淮安锦致电路科技有限公司 Waste material processing apparatus is used in PCB circuit board processing

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117046869A (en) * 2023-09-15 2023-11-14 淮安锦致电路科技有限公司 Waste material processing apparatus is used in PCB circuit board processing

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