CN215159357U - Automatic loading device - Google Patents

Automatic loading device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215159357U
CN215159357U CN202121154741.7U CN202121154741U CN215159357U CN 215159357 U CN215159357 U CN 215159357U CN 202121154741 U CN202121154741 U CN 202121154741U CN 215159357 U CN215159357 U CN 215159357U
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Prior art keywords
lifting
circular
vertical
placing
circulating
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CN202121154741.7U
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Chinese (zh)
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相增和
侯宁
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ZAOZHUANG SUNWEIGH TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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ZAOZHUANG SUNWEIGH TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic loading device, and belongs to the field of automatic stacking and loading. The utility model adopts the technical proposal that: a circulating lifting conveyor and a material taking and placing lifter are arranged at the rear part of the main conveyor; the circular lifting conveyor comprises a circular rail which is vertically long and round, a chain lifting structure which runs along the circular rail and a circular conveying rotary table, wherein a semicircular rerail which has the same radius with the long circle is arranged at the end part of the long circle, the rerail is communicated with the rail, a plurality of vertical sliding blocks which move along the rail are arranged on the chain, the vertical sliding blocks are provided with at least two groups of rollers, the two rollers move in the circular rail and the rerail and keep a vertical state, and the circular conveying rotary table is also arranged on the vertical sliding blocks. According to the invention, materials on the conveyor are transferred to the stacking lifting mechanism through the circulating lifting mechanism, and the stacking lifting can be carried out by moving the lifting mechanism left and right and can be placed at a required position to meet the requirement of placing the materials into a stack.

Description

Automatic loading device
Technical Field
The invention relates to an automatic loading device, and belongs to the field of automatic stacking and loading.
Background
Current loading pile up neatly uses manual work or pile up neatly machine people usually. The manual work is nimble, is fit for various loading requirements. However, the labor cost is increased at present, and due to the fact that most of loading environments are severe, the market is also supervised and urged to reduce labor use, and robot changing is accelerated. The current automatic stacking equipment still uses a mechanical arm and is suitable for stacking and placing goods in an open space.
In some van trucks, when the goods are loaded in modes such as not applicable to trays and the like, the goods can be placed more densely in the carriage in order to improve the space utilization efficiency better, so that smaller and faster conveying stacking equipment is needed to meet the loading and stacking requirements of small spaces in the carriage.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides an automatic loading device, which solves the problems of stacking and unstacking in a carriage with a small space.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
the automatic loading device comprises a main conveyor, wherein the rear part of the main conveyor is provided with a circulating lifting conveyor and a material taking and placing lifter;
the circular lifting conveyor comprises a long circular vertical circular track, a chain lifting structure and a circular operation table, wherein the chain lifting structure and the circular operation table run along the circular track, the long circular end of the circular track is provided with a semicircular rerail with the same radius as the long circular track, the rerail is communicated with the circular track, the chain is provided with a plurality of vertical sliders moving along the circular track, the vertical sliders are provided with at least two groups of rollers, the two rollers move in the circular track and the rerail and keep a vertical state, the circular operation table is further arranged on the vertical sliders, the circular operation table moves to the other side of the vertical part of the circular track along with the chain after materials are transferred to the circular operation table, and the circular operation table is always in a horizontal state in the process;
the material taking and placing elevator comprises an elevating mechanism, a transverse moving mechanism, a material receiving and sending carrier roller and a material taking and placing mechanism, wherein the elevating mechanism is arranged on the forward moving frame, the transverse moving mechanism is arranged on the elevating mechanism and driven by the elevating mechanism to lift up and down, the material receiving and sending carrier roller and the material taking and placing mechanism are respectively arranged on the transverse moving mechanism, and the material taking and placing mechanism moves the material on the material receiving and sending carrier roller to stack and place.
Preferably, the tracks of the circular lifting conveyor are rerailed into two groups, the two groups of tracks are respectively positioned at the upper part and the lower part of the end semicircle of the long circle, the rear part of the vertical sliding block is provided with three groups of pulleys which move in the circular track and the rerailing, the front part of the vertical sliding block is fixed on a chain and a circular conveying turntable, the chain is arranged on an upper chain wheel and a lower chain wheel, the upper chain wheel is coaxial with the upper semicircle of the long circle circular track, and the lower chain wheel is coaxial with the lower semicircle of the long circle circular track.
Preferably, the circulating operation table comprises a plurality of horizontal rods distributed at equal intervals and longitudinal rods fixedly connected with one ends of the horizontal rods, and the middle of each longitudinal rod is fixed to the vertical sliding block.
Preferably, the receiving and feeding carrier rollers are arranged on the carrier roller longitudinal frame at equal intervals by a plurality of circular carrier rollers, the circular carrier rollers are parallel to a cross rod of the circulating conveying table, the circulating lifting conveyor drives the cross rod of the circulating conveying table to ascend and descend, the circular carrier rollers are staggered and do not interfere with the circular carrier rollers of the receiving and feeding carrier rollers, the circular carrier rollers are provided with driving mechanisms to drive the circular carrier rollers to rotate, and materials are driven to move on the receiving and feeding carrier rollers by the rotating circular carrier rollers.
Preferably, the material taking and placing lifter is connected with the material placing conveyor, the end of the material placing conveyor is provided with a material receiving and conveying carrier roller, and the material receiving and conveying carrier roller and the circulating lifting conveyor run to the circulating conveying table at the same side to convey materials in a staggered mode.
Preferably, the lifting mechanism of the material taking and placing lifter comprises a lifting frame, a pair of vertical rails and a vertical lifting driving mechanism, the lifting frame is fixed on one side of the front end of the forward moving frame, the vertical rails are fixed on the lifting frame, and the transverse moving mechanism is arranged on the rails and driven by the lifting driving mechanism to lift up and down.
Preferably, the transverse moving mechanism comprises a transverse moving frame, a transverse moving rail and a transverse moving driving structure, the transverse moving frame is fixed on a lifting slide block, the lifting slide block moves on a vertical rail, the vertical lifting driving mechanism is fixed on the transverse moving frame, the transverse moving rail and the transverse moving driving structure are arranged on the transverse moving frame, the material taking and placing mechanism is arranged on the transverse moving rail, the material taking and placing mechanism is driven by the transverse moving driving structure to move along the transverse moving rail, and the transverse moving rail and the vertical rail are vertically arranged.
Preferably, the material taking and placing lifters are arranged on two sides of the front portion of the front moving frame symmetrically, the transverse moving mechanisms on the two material taking and placing lifters are arranged in one group, and the transverse moving driving mechanism and the vertical lifting driving mechanism are gear and rack driving mechanisms.
Preferably, the material taking and placing mechanism is one of a conveyor, a clamping jaw mechanism, a sucker mechanism and an unstacker, and the material taking and placing mechanism moves materials on the material receiving and feeding carrier roller to place the materials in a stacking mode or chops a bag from the stacking mode to place the bag on the material receiving and feeding carrier roller.
Preferably, the forward moving frame is a self-moving trolley or a suspension truss extending forwards, laser range finders are arranged at the front, the rear, the left and the right of the self-moving trolley, and the laser range finders measure the distance from the self-moving trolley to the surrounding carriages.
According to the invention, materials on the conveyor are transferred to the stacking lifting mechanism through the circulating lifting mechanism, and the stacking lifting can be carried out by moving the lifting mechanism left and right and can be placed at a required position to meet the requirement of placing the materials into a stack;
redundant space is reserved for the stacking mechanism through cyclic lifting, the space requirement of the stacking device is lowered, materials can be conveyed continuously, and the problem of stacking in front of a stacking stacker crane is solved; the rotary lifting mechanism reduces the lifting time of the stacking equipment and improves the loading stacking efficiency.
Drawings
Figure 1 is a front view structural view of embodiment 1 of the present invention,
figure 2 is a structural view of embodiment 1 of the present invention from the direction of the main conveyor,
figure 3 is a top view of embodiment 1 of the present invention,
figure 4 is a diagram of the track structure of the present invention,
figure 5 is a schematic view of the movement of the vertical slider of the invention with the chain on the track,
figure 6 is a view of the chain structure of the present invention,
figure 7 is a top view of the endless lift conveyor of the present invention,
figure 8 is a schematic perspective view of the material handling crane of the present invention,
fig. 9 is a mechanism diagram of a vertical lifting driving mechanism or a transverse moving driving mechanism of the material taking and placing lifting frame.
Figure 10 is a front view structural view of embodiment 2 of the present invention,
figure 11 is a structural view from the direction of the main conveyor of embodiment 2 of the present invention,
fig. 12 is a schematic view of the taking and placing mechanism in a clamping jaw structure in the embodiment 1 or 2 of the invention.
Fig. 13 is a top view of two sets of pick and place mechanisms of the present invention.
Reference numerals:
1. the device comprises a circulating lifting conveyor, 101, rails, 102, vertical sliders, 103, chains, 104, a circulating conveying and rotating platform, 105, a rerailing rail, 106, an upper chain wheel, 107, a lower chain wheel, 108, a cross bar, 109, a longitudinal bar, 2, a material placing elevator, 201, a lifting frame, 202, a vertical rail, 203, a lifting mechanism, 204, a vertical lifting driving mechanism, 3, a main conveyor, 4, a self-moving trolley, 5, a suspension truss, 6, a material receiving and sending carrier roller, 601, a circular carrier roller, 602, a carrier roller longitudinal frame, 7, a material taking and placing mechanism, 8, a transverse moving mechanism, 801, a transverse moving frame, 802, a transverse moving rail, 803, a transverse moving structure, 9 and a laser range finder.
Detailed Description
The following further describes the specific contents of the present invention:
the invention mainly comprises a circulating lifting conveyor 1 and a material taking and placing lifter 2. The circulating lifting conveyor 1 and the material taking and placing elevator 2 are arranged on a forward moving frame, and the forward moving frame has two structural forms, namely a self-moving trolley structure, as shown in figures 1-3. Another form of construction is shown in fig. 10-12.
The rear part of the main conveyor 3 is connected with the circulating lifting conveyor 1, and the rear part of the circulating lifting conveyor 1 is connected with the material taking and placing elevator 2.
The endless lifting conveyor 1, as shown in fig. 4 to 6, includes an oblong upright endless track 101, a chain lifting structure running along the endless track 101, and an endless transfer table 104, the endless track 101 being provided on an endless lifting frame of the endless lifting conveyor. The long circular end of the track is provided with a semicircular rerailing 105 with the same radius as the long circular, and the rerailing 105 is communicated with the track. The two sets of track rerails 105 are respectively positioned at the upper part and the lower part of the semicircle at the end part of the oblong shape.
As shown in fig. 5, the chain is provided with a plurality of vertical sliders 102 moving along the track, three sets of pulleys are arranged at the rear part of each vertical slider 102 and move in the circulating track 101 and the rerailing track 105, and the rollers move in the circulating track 101 and the rerailing track 105 and keep a vertical state.
The front part of the vertical slider 102 is fixed to a chain and a circulating and conveying table 104, the chain is arranged on an upper chain wheel 106 and a lower chain wheel 107, the upper chain wheel 106 is coaxial with the upper semicircle of the oblong circulating track 101, and the lower chain wheel 107 is coaxial with the lower semicircle of the oblong circulating track 101.
As shown in fig. 6, after the incoming material is transferred to the circulating table 104, the circulating table 104 moves with the chain from one side of the vertical portion of the circulating track 101 to the other side of the vertical portion of the circulating track, and the circulating table is always in a horizontal state in the process.
The circular transport platform is shown in fig. 7, and comprises a plurality of horizontal cross bars 108 which are distributed at equal intervals and longitudinal bars 109 fixedly connected with one ends of the cross bars 108, and the middle parts of the longitudinal bars 109 are fixed on the vertical sliding blocks 102.
As shown in fig. 7, the material receiving and feeding carrier rollers 6 are arranged on the carrier roller longitudinal frame 602 at equal intervals, the circular carrier rollers 601 are parallel to the cross rod 108 of the circular conveying table, the circular lifting conveyor 1 drives the cross rod 108 of the circular conveying table to ascend and descend, the circular carrier rollers 601 are staggered with the circular carrier rollers 601 of the material receiving and feeding carrier rollers 6 and do not interfere with each other, the circular carrier rollers 601 are provided with driving mechanisms to drive the circular carrier rollers 601 to rotate, and materials are driven to move on the material receiving and feeding carrier rollers 6 by the rotating circular carrier rollers 601.
The material taking and placing elevator 2 is shown in fig. 8 and comprises an elevating mechanism, a transverse moving mechanism 8, a material receiving and sending carrier roller 6 and a material taking and placing mechanism 7, wherein the elevating mechanism is arranged on a forward moving frame, the transverse moving structure is arranged on the elevating mechanism and driven by the elevating mechanism to ascend and descend, the material receiving and sending carrier roller 6 and the material taking and placing mechanism 7 are respectively arranged on the transverse moving mechanism 8, and the material taking and placing mechanism 7 moves the material receiving and sending carrier roller 6 to stack and place.
The lifting mechanism comprises a lifting frame 201, a pair of vertical rails 202 and a vertical lifting driving mechanism 203, the lifting frame 201 is fixed on one side of the front end position of the forward moving frame, the vertical rails 202 are fixed on the lifting frame 201, and the transverse moving mechanism 8 is arranged on the rails and driven by the lifting driving mechanism to lift up and down.
The transverse moving mechanism 8 comprises a transverse moving frame 801, a transverse moving rail and a transverse moving driving structure 803, the transverse moving frame 801 is fixed on a lifting slide block, the lifting slide block moves on the vertical rail 202, the transverse moving frame 801 is fixed by the vertical lifting driving mechanism 203, the transverse moving frame 801 is provided with a transverse moving rail 802 and a transverse moving driving structure 803, the transverse moving rail 802 is provided with the material taking and placing mechanism 7, the material taking and placing mechanism 7 is driven by the transverse moving driving structure 803 to move along the transverse moving rail 802, and the transverse moving rail 802 and the vertical rail 202 are vertically arranged.
The material taking and placing lifter 2 is connected with the material placing conveyor, the end part of the material placing conveyor is provided with a material receiving and conveying carrier roller 6, and the material receiving and conveying carrier roller 6 and the circulating lifting conveyor 1 run to the same-side circulating conveying platform 104 to convey materials in a staggered mode.
As shown in fig. 13, two material taking and placing lifters 2 are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the front portion of the forward moving frame, the traversing mechanisms 8 on the two material taking and placing lifters 2 are one group, and the traversing driving mechanism 803 and the vertical lifting driving mechanism are gear rack driving mechanisms.
The material taking and placing mechanism 7 is one of a conveyor, a clamping jaw mechanism, a sucker mechanism or an unstacker, as shown in fig. 12, the material taking and placing mechanism 7 moves materials on the material receiving and feeding carrier roller 6 to place the stacks or chops a bag from the stacks on the material receiving and feeding carrier roller 6.
In example 1, as shown in fig. 2, laser range finders 9 are provided on the front, rear, left, and right sides of the self-moving carriage 4, and the laser range finders 9 measure the distance from the self-moving carriage 4 to the surrounding cars.
Example 2, another mechanism for forward-moving the truss is a forward-extending suspension truss 5, as shown in fig. 10 and 11. The endless lifting conveyor 1 and the material handling elevator 2 are suspended to travel on a deep front suspension truss 5.
After the material gets into the main conveyer, then on the income pay-off bearing roller 6, the material gets to be in the circulation transport revolving stage 104 of horizontality all the time on the hoist 2 of putting and follows the track from the right side downwards, then get into the track of left side through lower part semicircle track, then upwards, circulation transport revolving stage 104 intersects with connecing the material bearing roller 6 of sending, the commodity circulation lifting on the bearing roller 6 of will connecing the material of sending, and along with the chain motion to orbital right side, circulation transport revolving stage 104 is downwards, intersect with connecing the material bearing roller 6 of sending on the hoist 2 of getting of material, with the material on connecing the material bearing roller 6 of sending, it has conveying function to connect the material bearing roller 6 of sending, carry the material get on the drop feed mechanism 7, and put by the material mechanism 7 and get the material and put. After the materials reach the material taking and placing mechanism 7, the material taking and placing lifter 2 is upgraded to a proper position, then the material taking and placing mechanism 7 moves left and right along with the transverse moving mechanism, and finally the material taking and placing mechanism 7 is stacked and placed through the materials.
The reverse step can also be used for unstacking the materials in the carriage. The material can be a bag or a carton, and the material taking and placing mechanism 7 can be a conventional high-speed conveyor, a manipulator, a sucker and the like.
The full-automatic loading and stacking machine can be used for loading and placing full-automatic loading and stacking of packaging bags or packaging boxes,
an automatic scanning camera is arranged in front of the forward moving frame to establish the width and height of a stack to be placed in front and automatically calculate the stacking mode of required stacks and materials.
The invention has wide range of applicable vehicle types, is particularly suitable for loading inside the container, and solves the problem that the container can not realize automatic loading. If the invention can be put into the market, the invention can liberate manpower, reduce the labor intensity of the carrying personnel and realize great economic benefit.

Claims (10)

1. An automatic loading device comprises a main conveyor, and is characterized in that a circulating lifting conveyor (1) and a material taking and placing lifter (2) are arranged at the rear part of the main conveyor (3);
the circular lifting conveyor (1) comprises a long circular vertical circulating track (101), a chain lifting structure and a circular conveying rotary table (104), wherein the chain lifting structure runs along the circulating track (101), the long circular end of the track is provided with a semicircular rerail (105) with the same radius as the long circular track, the rerail (105) is communicated with the track, the chain is provided with a plurality of vertical sliding blocks (102) moving along the track, the vertical sliding blocks (102) are provided with at least two groups of rollers which are positioned in the circulating track (101) and the rerail (105) to move and keep a vertical state, the vertical sliding blocks (102) are also provided with the circular conveying rotary table (104), the circular conveying rotary table (104) moves to the other side of the vertical part of the circulating track from one side of the vertical part of the circulating track (101) along with the chain after materials are conveyed to the circular conveying rotary table (104), and the circular conveying rotary table is always in a horizontal state in the process;
the material taking and placing lifter (2) comprises an elevating mechanism, a transverse moving mechanism (8), a material receiving and sending carrier roller (6) and a material taking and placing mechanism (7), wherein the elevating mechanism is arranged on a forward moving frame, the transverse moving structure is arranged on the elevating mechanism and driven by the elevating mechanism to ascend and descend, the material receiving and sending carrier roller (6) and the material taking and placing mechanism (7) are respectively arranged on the transverse moving mechanism (8), and the material taking and placing mechanism (7) moves to receive the material on the material receiving and sending carrier roller (6) to stack and place.
2. The automatic loading device according to claim 1, characterized in that the tracks of the endless lifting conveyor (1) are provided with two sets of rerails (105) respectively arranged at the upper part and the lower part of the end semicircle of the oblong circle, the rear part of the vertical sliding block (102) is provided with three sets of pulleys moving in the endless track (101) and the rerails (105), the front part of the vertical sliding block (102) is fixed on a chain and an endless transfer table (104), the chain is arranged on an upper chain wheel (106) and a lower chain wheel (107), the upper chain wheel (106) is coaxial with the upper semicircle of the oblong circle track (101), and the lower chain wheel (107) is coaxial with the lower semicircle of the oblong circle track (101).
3. The automatic loading device according to claim 2, characterized in that said circulating table comprises a plurality of horizontal cross bars (108) equally spaced and a longitudinal bar (109) fixedly connected to one end of the cross bars (108), the middle of the longitudinal bar (109) being fixed to said vertical slide (102).
4. The automatic loading device according to claim 1, characterized in that the receiving and feeding carrier rollers (6) are arranged on the carrier roller longitudinal frame (602) by a plurality of circular carrier rollers (601) at equal intervals, the circular carrier rollers (601) are parallel to the cross rod (108) of the circulating conveying table, the circular carrier rollers (601) are staggered and do not interfere with the circular carrier rollers (601) of the receiving and feeding carrier rollers (6) when the circulating lifting conveyor (1) drives the cross rod (108) of the circulating conveying table to lift, the circular carrier rollers (601) are provided with driving mechanisms to drive the circular carrier rollers (601) to rotate, and the materials are driven to move on the receiving and feeding carrier rollers (6) by the rotating circular carrier rollers (601).
5. The automatic loading device as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that the material taking and placing elevator (2) is connected with a material swinging conveyor, the material swinging conveyor is provided with a material receiving and conveying roller (6) at the end part, and the material receiving and conveying roller (6) and the circulating lifting conveyor (1) run to the same side of the circulating conveying platform (104) to alternately transfer materials.
6. The automatic loading device of claim 1, wherein the lifting mechanism of the material taking and placing lifter comprises a lifting frame (201), a pair of vertical rails (202) and a vertical lifting driving mechanism (203), the lifting frame (201) is fixed on one side of the front end position of the front moving frame, the vertical rails (202) are fixed on the lifting frame (201), and the transverse moving mechanism (8) is arranged on the rails and driven by the lifting driving mechanism to lift up and down.
7. The automatic loading device as claimed in claim 6, wherein the traverse mechanism (8) comprises a traverse frame (801), a traverse rail and a traverse driving structure (803), the traverse frame (801) is fixed on a lifting slider, the lifting slider moves on the vertical rail (202), the vertical lifting driving structure (203) fixes the traverse frame (801), the traverse frame (801) is provided with a traverse rail (802) and a traverse driving structure (803), the traverse rail (802) is provided with the material taking and placing mechanism (7), the material taking and placing mechanism (7) is driven by the traverse driving structure (803) to move along the traverse rail (802), and the traverse rail (802) and the vertical rail (202) are vertically arranged.
8. The automatic loading device as claimed in claim 7, wherein the material taking and placing lifters (2) are two groups symmetrically arranged at both sides of the front part of the forward moving frame, the traversing mechanism (8) on the two material taking and placing lifters (2) is one group, and the traversing driving mechanism (803) and the vertical lifting driving mechanism are gear rack driving mechanisms.
9. The automatic loading device according to claim 1, wherein the taking and placing mechanism (7) is one of a conveyor, a clamping jaw mechanism, a sucking disc mechanism or an unstacker, and the taking and placing mechanism (7) moves materials on the receiving and feeding carrier roller (6) to be stacked or chops a bag from being stacked to be placed on the receiving and feeding carrier roller (6).
10. The automatic loading device according to claim 1, wherein the forward moving frame is a self-moving trolley (4) or a forward-extending suspension truss (5), laser distance measuring instruments (9) are arranged at the front, the back, the left and the right of the self-moving trolley (4), and the laser distance measuring instruments (9) measure the distance from the self-moving trolley (4) to the surrounding carriages.
CN202121154741.7U 2021-05-27 2021-05-27 Automatic loading device Active CN215159357U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121154741.7U CN215159357U (en) 2021-05-27 2021-05-27 Automatic loading device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121154741.7U CN215159357U (en) 2021-05-27 2021-05-27 Automatic loading device

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114751130A (en) * 2022-04-27 2022-07-15 西安理工大学 Intelligent factory is with three-dimensional intelligent circulation storage frame

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114751130A (en) * 2022-04-27 2022-07-15 西安理工大学 Intelligent factory is with three-dimensional intelligent circulation storage frame
CN114751130B (en) * 2022-04-27 2024-01-12 西安理工大学 Intelligent factory is with three-dimensional intelligent circulation storage frame

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