CN217024553U - Bagged material loading system for truck - Google Patents

Bagged material loading system for truck Download PDF

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Publication number
CN217024553U
CN217024553U CN202220477709.0U CN202220477709U CN217024553U CN 217024553 U CN217024553 U CN 217024553U CN 202220477709 U CN202220477709 U CN 202220477709U CN 217024553 U CN217024553 U CN 217024553U
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China
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crown block
plate
telescopic arm
transverse
telescopic
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CN202220477709.0U
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Chinese (zh)
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张雪
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Tangshan Zhengbokaiyuan Technology Co ltd
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Tangshan Zhengbokaiyuan Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

A bagged material loading system for a truck comprises a crown block steel rail, bagged material conveying belts, a material preparation platform, a transverse crown block, a telescopic arm structure and a manipulator stacking mechanism, wherein the two crown block steel rails are arranged in a front-back transverse mode, the bagged material conveying belts are arranged below the crown block steel rails, the material preparation platform and the transverse crown block are both arranged on the crown block steel rails, the telescopic arm crown block is arranged on the transverse crown block, the telescopic arm crown block is connected to the bottom of the telescopic arm crown block in the center, the manipulator stacking mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the telescopic arm structure, the bagged materials conveyed by the material preparation platform can be positioned by the bag collecting cover, the materials are sequentially pushed into a roller shaft assembly by the bag pushing mechanism, 6 groups are accumulated, then the 6 bags are supported and moved by the manipulator stacking mechanism for stacking operation, and when stacking is performed, the bagged materials are continuously conveyed to the material preparation platform by the conveying belts and are arranged on the roller shaft assembly, greatly improves the transportation stacking efficiency and avoids the state of the device stopping swinging.

Description

Bagged material loading system for truck
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of automatic stacking, in particular to a bagged material loading system for a truck.
Background
With the development of scientific technology and the continuous innovation of design theory, method and means, the structure and function of the product are optimized, and the design of the product also begins to enter the semi-automatic and full-automatic design stages. Most of the mechanical products, which have been tightly combined with electronic circuits, use mechanical and electronic related technologies to organically organize and integrate them for overall optimization. The development trend of mechanical products is small volume, light weight, convenient operation and high reliability, so that mechatronics is the most important means for realizing the method. Some palletizing equipment with low production efficiency, high required labor intensity and poor working environment gradually become an obstacle for many enterprises to obtain greater benefits under the situation of intense competition in the market.
The stacker crane is a machine which can stack goods on a tray or a warehouse according to a certain arrangement, can automatically stack the goods and can stack the goods in multiple layers, for the loading and stacking of large trucks, the manual stacking efficiency is low, and the automatic stacking machine is generally adopted for operation, the existing automatic stacking and loading device for the trucks is generally provided with a conveyor belt for conveying goods, a movable grabbing manipulator is erected above the truck for grabbing the conveyed goods and stacking the goods one by one into the truck, only single goods can be stacked at one time, the stacking efficiency of the structure is low, and the structure is not suitable for the loading of large-sized trucks, simultaneously snatch the manipulator and carry out the pile up neatly during operation, the goods on the conveyer belt can only be static wait to snatch the manipulator pile up neatly and accomplish the back and snatch the goods above-mentioned again for rate of equipment utilization is low, and the whole mode of operation of device remains to be optimized.
Disclosure of Invention
According to the technical problems, the utility model provides a bagged material loading system for a truck, which is characterized by comprising two crown block steel rails, a bagged material conveying belt, a material preparation platform, transverse crown blocks, a hydraulic station crown block, an electric control box crown block, a telescopic arm structure and a manipulator stacking mechanism, wherein the two crown block steel rails are arranged in a front-back transverse mode, a plurality of support rods are arranged on the outer sides of the crown block steel rails at intervals, the bottoms of the crown block steel rails are fixedly arranged on the support rods through support plates, the bagged material conveying belt is arranged below the crown block steel rail on one side, each crown block steel rail consists of a transverse crown block guide rail positioned on the outer side and a material preparation platform guide rail positioned on the inner side, the height of the material preparation platform guide rail is lower than that of the transverse crown block guide rail, racks are further arranged on the inner side faces of the transverse crown block guide rails, the material preparation platform is arranged on the front-back two material preparation platform guide rails, the hydraulic station crown block and the electric cabinet crown block are respectively connected to the left side and the right side of the transverse crown block, the bottoms of the hydraulic station crown block and the electric cabinet crown block are arranged on the front transverse crown block guide rail and the rear transverse crown block guide rail through pulleys, the telescopic arm crown block is arranged on the transverse crown block, the center of the bottom of the telescopic arm crown block is connected with a telescopic arm structure, and the bottom of the telescopic arm structure is provided with a manipulator stacking mechanism;
the transverse crown block is composed of first arch supports, vertical guide rails and first driving motors, the number of the first arch supports is two, the number of the vertical guide rails is two, the vertical guide rails are arranged between the front and the rear first arch supports in a bilateral symmetry mode, racks are also arranged on the outer side faces of the vertical guide rails, the first driving motors are arranged in arch structures in the centers of the bottoms of the first arch supports, crown block wheels are arranged at the bottoms of the left and the right ends of the first arch supports and are in sliding connection with transverse crown block rails, and driving gears are mounted at the output ends of the bottoms of the first driving motors and are meshed with the racks on the inner sides of the transverse crown block guide rails;
the telescopic arm crown block comprises two second arch supports, a top plate, a slewing bearing and a second driving motor, wherein the number of the second arch supports is two on the left and right, the top plate is arranged above and connected with the two second arch supports, the slewing bearing is arranged in the center of the top plate, the second driving motor is arranged in an arch structure in the center of the bottom of the second arch support, crown wheels are arranged at the bottoms of the front end and the rear end of the second arch support and are in sliding connection with a vertical guide rail, and a driving gear is arranged at the output end of the bottom of the second driving motor and is meshed with a rack outside the vertical guide rail;
the top end of the telescopic arm structure is arranged on the slewing bearing, a circle-shaped assembly is arranged on the outer side of the top end of the telescopic arm structure, a circle of driving chain is arranged on the circle-shaped assembly, a driving motor corresponding to the circle-shaped assembly is arranged on the telescopic arm crown block, a driving chain wheel is arranged on the output end of the driving motor, and the driving chain is wound on the driving chain wheel;
the material preparation platform consists of a crown block frame, a roller shaft assembly, a bag pushing mechanism and a bag collecting cover, crown block wheels are arranged at four corners of the top end of the crown block frame and are in sliding connection with guide rails of the material preparation platform, the crown block frame outside the crown block wheel is also provided with a motor and connected with the crown block wheel, the center of the crown block frame is provided with a roller shaft component, a bag pushing mechanism is arranged on one side of the roller shaft component, a bag collecting cover is arranged on the front side of the bag pushing mechanism, the roller shaft assembly is a platform structure consisting of a plurality of parallel roller shafts, the bag pushing mechanism consists of a frame, a connecting shaft, a chain wheel and a bag pushing plate, the left side and the right side in the frame are provided with connecting shafts, the front end and the rear end of each connecting shaft are provided with chain wheels, a chain is wound between the left chain wheel and the right chain wheel, the bag pushing plate is arranged between the front chain and the rear chain and is fixedly connected with the front chain and the rear chain, and the bag collecting cover is of a shell-shaped structure with a large opening at one end and a small opening at the other end;
the manipulator stacking mechanism consists of a mounting plate, a rear baffle, a bag receiving rod and a push plate mechanism, the rear part of the bottom surface of the mounting plate is provided with the rear baffle, a row of bag rods are arranged at the bottom of the rear baffle, push plate mechanisms are symmetrically arranged on the mounting plate from left to right, the push plate mechanism consists of an L-shaped plate, a material pushing cylinder, a slide rail, a slide block, a connecting plate, a connecting rod and a push plate, the L-shaped plate is arranged above the mounting plate, two slide rails are symmetrically arranged on a transverse plate of the L-shaped plate, a material pushing cylinder is arranged on the rear side of the vertical plate of the L-shaped plate, a sliding block is arranged at the bottom of the connecting plate and is connected with a sliding rail in a sliding manner, the piston rod of the pushing cylinder is connected with the top end of the connecting plate, the push plate is vertically arranged above the pocket rod, the left end and the right end of the push plate are fixedly connected with the left end and the right end of the connecting plate through connecting rods, strip-shaped through grooves are formed in the mounting plate, and the connecting rods penetrate through the strip-shaped through grooves;
the manipulator stacking mechanism is also provided with a material pressing mechanism, the center of the L-shaped plate is provided with a through hole for accommodating the material pressing mechanism, the material pressing mechanism and the push plate mechanism are arranged correspondingly, the through hole penetrating through the L-shaped plate is arranged on the mounting plate, the material pressing mechanism consists of a material pressing cylinder, a connecting piece and a material pressing plate, the material pressing cylinder is hinged on the mounting plate through a mounting seat, an output end piston rod of the material pressing cylinder is hinged with a connecting piece, the material pressing plate is arranged at the bottom of the mounting plate, and the connecting piece penetrates through the mounting plate and is fixedly connected with the material pressing plate;
the center of the mounting plate of the manipulator stacking mechanism is also provided with a telescopic arm connecting piece and an angle cylinder connecting piece, the telescopic arm structure is connected with the manipulator stacking mechanism through a telescopic arm connecting piece, an angle adjusting cylinder is hinged inside the bottom end of the telescopic arm structure, and a piston rod of the angle adjusting cylinder is connected with the manipulator stacking mechanism through the angle cylinder connecting piece;
the telescopic arm structure consists of four telescopic joints and telescopic hydraulic cylinders which are mutually sleeved in a sliding mode, each telescopic joint is connected through a movable pulley, the telescopic hydraulic cylinders are arranged on the outer sides of the telescopic joints at the top, and the free ends of the telescopic hydraulic cylinders are connected with the telescopic joints at the bottom;
both ends of the transverse crown block guide rail and the material preparation platform guide rail are provided with limit switches and anti-collision blocks;
photoelectric switches are arranged on two sides of the crane steel rail and used for detecting the length and the width of a truck carriage and automatically calculating a stacking form;
the overhead traveling crane is characterized in that one sides of overhead traveling crane wheels of the transverse overhead traveling crane and the telescopic arm overhead traveling crane are provided with photoelectric encoders, the output ends of the photoelectric encoders are provided with a gear and rack meshed, one side of the bottom of a top plate of the telescopic arm overhead traveling crane is also provided with a photoelectric encoder, and the output end of the photoelectric encoder is provided with a gear and meshed with a driving chain.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that:
the utility model can realize the functions of left-right, front-back and up-down translation of the manipulator stacking mechanism by arranging the transverse crown block, the telescopic arm crown block and the telescopic arm structure, simultaneously realize high-efficiency stacking operation by matching the manipulator stacking mechanism with the material preparation platform, can position bagged goods conveyed by the bagged material conveying belt through the bag collecting cover by arranging the material preparation platform, sequentially push the goods into the roller component through the bag pushing mechanism, accumulate 6 goods into one group, then support and move the 6 goods through the manipulator stacking mechanism for stacking operation, can perform stacking operation on multi-bag goods at one time by arranging the material preparation platform, and simultaneously, in the interval time from taking off the goods from the material preparation platform by the manipulator stacking mechanism for stacking operation to taking out the goods again by the next manipulator stacking mechanism, the bagged material conveying belt continuously conveys the goods to the material preparation platform and arranges on the roller component, this makes bagged materials conveyer belt also stop the work of carrying out cargo transportation when manipulator pile up neatly mechanism pile up neatly operates, has improved transportation pile up neatly efficiency greatly, and the state that can not have the device to stop the pendulum appears.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a transverse crown block, a telescopic boom crown block, a hydraulic station crown block and an electric cabinet crown block;
FIG. 3 is a front view of a transverse crown block, a telescopic arm crown block, a hydraulic station crown block and an electric cabinet crown block of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a material preparation platform according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of the pack pushing mechanism of the stock preparation platform of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of the robot palletizer mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a side view of the robotic palletising mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a block diagram of the push plate mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural view of a telescopic arm structure according to the present invention;
fig. 10 is an enlarged view of a portion a.
As shown in the figure: 1. a steel rail of the crown block; 2. a bagged material conveying belt; 3. a material preparation platform; 4. a transverse crown block; 5. a hydraulic station crown block; 6. an electric control box crown block; 7. a telescopic arm crown block; 8. a telescopic arm structure; 9. a manipulator stacking mechanism; 10. a support bar; 11. a transverse crown block guide rail; 12. preparing a material platform guide rail; 13. a first arched bracket; 14. a vertical guide rail; 15. a first drive motor; 16. a drive gear; 17. a second arched bracket; 18. A top plate; 19. a slew bearing; 20. a second drive motor; 21. a loop assembly; 22. a drive chain; 23. a crown block frame; 24. a roller shaft assembly; 25. a packet pushing mechanism; 26. a bag collecting cover; 27. a frame; 28. A connecting shaft; 29. a chain; 30. a sprocket; 31. mounting a plate; 32. a rear baffle; 33. a pocket bar; 34. An L-shaped plate; 35. a material pushing cylinder; 36. a slide rail; 37. a slider; 38. a connecting plate; 39. a connecting rod; 40. Pushing a plate; 41. a material pressing cylinder; 42. a connecting member; 43. a material pressing plate; 44. a telescopic arm connecting piece; 45. an angle cylinder connector; 46. an expansion joint; 47. a telescopic hydraulic cylinder; 48. a movable pulley; 49. and (5) pushing the packing plate.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are some, but not all embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art. In addition, the technical features involved in the different embodiments of the present invention described below may be combined with each other as long as they do not conflict with each other.
Example 1
The utility model provides a bagged material loading system for a truck, which is characterized by comprising two crown block steel rails 1, two bagged material conveying belts 2, a material preparation platform 3, a transverse crown block 4, a hydraulic station crown block 5, an electric control box crown block 6, a telescopic arm crown block 7, a telescopic arm structure 8 and a manipulator stacking mechanism 9, wherein the crown block steel rails 1 are arranged in front and at back and are transversely arranged, a plurality of support rods 10 are arranged at intervals outside the crown block steel rails 1, the bottoms of the crown block steel rails 1 are fixedly arranged on the support rods 10 through support plates, the bagged material conveying belts 2 are arranged below the crown block steel rails 1 on one side, each crown block steel rail 1 consists of a transverse crown block guide rail 11 positioned on the outer side and a material preparation platform guide rail 12 positioned on the inner side, the height of the material preparation platform guide rail 12 is lower than that of the transverse crown block guide rail 11, racks are also arranged on the inner side surfaces of the transverse crown block guide rail 11, the material preparation platform 3 is arranged on the two material preparation platform guide rails 12, the transverse crown block 4 is arranged on a front transverse crown block guide rail 11 and a rear transverse crown block guide rail 11, the hydraulic station crown block 5 and the electric cabinet crown block 6 are respectively connected to the left side and the right side of the transverse crown block 4, the bottoms of the hydraulic station crown block and the electric cabinet crown block are arranged on the front transverse crown block guide rail 11 and the rear transverse crown block guide rail 11 through pulleys, the telescopic arm crown block 7 is arranged on the transverse crown block 4, the center of the bottom of the telescopic arm crown block 7 is connected with a telescopic arm structure 8, and the bottom of the telescopic arm structure 8 is provided with a manipulator stacking mechanism 9;
the transverse crown block 4 consists of a first arched support 13, a vertical guide rail 14 and a first driving motor 15, the front part and the rear part of the first arched support 13 are provided with two, the vertical guide rail 14 is provided with two parts which are arranged between the front and rear first arched supports 13 in a bilateral symmetry manner, the outer side surface of the vertical guide rail 14 is also provided with a rack, the first driving motor 15 is arranged in an arched structure at the center of the bottom of the first arched support 13, crown block wheels are arranged at the bottoms of the left end and the right end of the first arched support 13 and are in sliding connection with the transverse crown block 4, and the output end of the bottom of the first driving motor 15 is provided with a driving gear 16 and is occluded with the rack inside the transverse crown block guide rail 11;
the telescopic arm crown block 7 consists of two second arch supports 17, a top plate 18, a slewing bearing 19 and a second driving motor 20, wherein the number of the second arch supports 17 is two, the top plate 18 is arranged above and connected with the two second arch supports 17, the slewing bearing 19 is arranged in the center of the top plate 18, the second driving motor 20 is arranged in an arch structure in the center of the bottom of the second arch support 17, crown wheels are arranged at the bottoms of the front end and the rear end of the second arch support 17 and are in sliding connection with the vertical guide rail 14, and a driving gear 16 is arranged at the output end of the bottom of the second driving motor 20 and is meshed with a rack outside the vertical guide rail 14;
the top end of the telescopic arm structure 8 is mounted on the slewing bearing 19, a circle-shaped assembly 21 is arranged on the outer side of the top end position of the telescopic arm structure 8, a circle of driving chain 22 is mounted on the circle-shaped assembly 21, a driving motor corresponding to the circle-shaped assembly 21 is mounted on the telescopic arm overhead crane 7, a driving chain wheel 30 is mounted on the output end of the driving motor, and the driving chain 22 is wound on the driving chain wheel 30;
the material preparation platform 3 consists of an overhead travelling crane frame 23, a roller shaft assembly 24, a bag pushing mechanism 25 and a bag collecting cover 26, overhead travelling crane wheels are arranged at four corners of the top end of the overhead travelling crane frame 23 and are in sliding connection with the material preparation platform guide rails 12, a motor is further arranged on a crown block frame 23 on the outer side of the crown block wheel and connected with the crown block wheel, a roller shaft assembly 24 is arranged in the center of the crown block frame 23, a bag pushing mechanism 25 is arranged on one side of the roller shaft assembly 24, a bag collecting cover 26 is arranged on the front side of the bag pushing mechanism 25, the roller shaft assembly 24 is of a platform structure consisting of a plurality of parallel roller shafts, the bag pushing mechanism 25 consists of a frame 27, a connecting shaft 28, chains 29, chain wheels 30 and a bag pushing plate 49, the connecting shaft 28 is arranged on the left side and the right side in the frame 27, the chain wheels 30 are arranged at the front end and the rear end of the connecting shaft 28, the chains 29 are wound between the left chain wheel and the right chain wheel 30, the bag pushing plate 49 is arranged between the front chain 29 and the rear chain 29 and fixedly connected with the chain 29, and the bag collecting cover 26 is of a shell-shaped structure with a large opening at one end and a small opening;
the manipulator stacking mechanism 9 comprises a mounting plate 31, a rear baffle 32, bag rods 33 and a push plate 40, wherein the rear baffle 32 is arranged at the rear part of the bottom surface of the mounting plate 31, a row of bag rods 33 is arranged at the bottom of the rear baffle 32, push plate 40 mechanisms are symmetrically arranged on the mounting plate 31 in a left-right mode, each push plate 40 mechanism comprises an L-shaped plate 34, a pushing cylinder 35, sliding rails 36, sliding blocks 37, a connecting plate 38, a connecting rod 39 and a push plate 40, the L-shaped plate 34 is arranged above the mounting plate 31, the two sliding rails 36 are symmetrically arranged on a transverse plate of the L-shaped plate 34, the pushing cylinder 35 is arranged on the rear side of a vertical plate of the L-shaped plate 34, the sliding blocks 37 are arranged at the bottom of the connecting plate 38 and are in sliding connection with the sliding rails 36, a piston rod of the pushing cylinder 35 is connected with the top end of the connecting plate 38, the push plate 40 is vertically arranged above the bag rods 33, and the left and right ends of the push plate 40 are fixedly connected with the left and right ends of the connecting plate 38 through the connecting rod 39, a strip-shaped through groove is formed in the mounting plate 31, and the connecting rod 39 penetrates through the strip-shaped through groove;
the manipulator stacking mechanism 9 is further provided with a material pressing mechanism, the center of the L-shaped plate 34 is provided with a through hole for accommodating the material pressing mechanism, the material pressing mechanism and the push plate 40 mechanism are correspondingly arranged and penetrate through the through hole of the L-shaped plate 34 to be installed on the installation plate 31, the material pressing mechanism is composed of a material pressing cylinder 41, a connecting piece 42 and a material pressing plate 43, the material pressing cylinder 41 is hinged to the installation plate 31 through an installation seat, an output end piston rod of the material pressing cylinder 41 is hinged to the connecting piece 42, the material pressing plate 43 is arranged at the bottom of the installation plate 31, and the connecting piece 42 penetrates through the installation plate 31 and is fixedly connected with the material pressing plate 43;
a telescopic arm connecting piece 44 and an angle cylinder connecting piece 45 are further arranged in the center of the mounting plate 31 of the manipulator stacking mechanism 9, the telescopic arm structure 8 is connected with the manipulator stacking mechanism 9 through a telescopic arm connecting piece 42, an angle adjusting cylinder is further hinged inside the bottom end of the telescopic arm structure 8, and a piston rod of the angle adjusting cylinder is connected with the manipulator stacking mechanism 9 through the angle cylinder connecting piece 45;
the telescopic arm structure 8 consists of four telescopic joints 46 and telescopic hydraulic cylinders 47 which are mutually sleeved in a sliding manner, each telescopic joint 46 is connected through a movable pulley 48, the telescopic hydraulic cylinders 47 are arranged on the outer sides of the telescopic joints 46 at the top, and the free ends of the telescopic hydraulic cylinders 47 are connected with the telescopic joints 46 at the bottom;
both ends of the transverse crown block guide rail 11 and the material preparation platform guide rail 12 are provided with limit switches and anti-collision blocks;
photoelectric switches are arranged on two sides of the steel rail 1 of the overhead travelling crane;
the transverse crown block 4 and the crown block wheel side of the telescopic arm crown block 7 are both provided with photoelectric encoders, the output ends of the photoelectric encoders are provided with a gear and a rack which are meshed, one side of the bottom of the top plate 18 of the telescopic arm crown block 7 is also provided with a photoelectric encoder, and the output ends of the photoelectric encoders are provided with a gear and meshed with the driving chain 22.
Example 2
When the utility model is used, a truck is stopped at the bottom of a steel rail 1 of an overhead travelling crane, the length and the width of a truck carriage are detected by positioning through a photoelectric switch, the stacking form is automatically calculated, then bagged goods are conveyed by a bagged material conveying belt 2, a bag collecting cover 26 of a material preparing platform 3 is placed above the bagged material conveying belt 2, the end with a larger opening is the entering direction, the goods enter the end with the larger opening of the bag collecting cover 26 from the bagged material conveying belt 2 and come out from the end with the smaller opening, thus the goods are returned to the position at the bottom of a bag pushing mechanism 25 under the action of the bag collecting cover 26, then the bag pushing mechanism 25 operates, wherein the outer side of a connecting shaft 28 at one side of the bag pushing mechanism 25 is connected with the motor, the motor drives the connecting shaft 28 and a chain wheel 30 to rotate to drive a chain 29 to move, the chain 29 drives the bag pushing plate 49 to rotate on the bag pushing plate and pushes goods on the bagged material conveying belt 2 to the roller shaft assembly 24, and so on, the roller shaft assembly 24 is filled with 6 bags in parallel, then the first driving motor 15 of the transverse crown block 4 operates to drive the driving gear 16 to rotate and enable the transverse crown block 4 to transversely translate to a proper position on the transverse crown block guide rail 11, the photoelectric encoder is used for detecting whether the roller shaft assembly 24 reaches the moved position, then the second driving motor 20 of the telescopic arm crown block 7 drives the driving gear 16 to rotate and enable the telescopic arm crown block 7 to translate back and forth to a proper position on the vertical guide rail 14, the photoelectric encoder is used for detecting whether the roller shaft assembly reaches the moved position, then the telescopic arm structure 8 extends out to enable the manipulator stacking mechanism 9 to reach the roller shaft assembly 24 position of the material preparing platform 3, then the bag pocket rod 33 of the manipulator stacking mechanism 9 is inserted into a gap between roller shafts of the roller shaft assembly 24 under the action of the translation mechanism, then move upwards to lift 6 bags of goods and transport them out, the material pressing cylinder 41 of the material pressing mechanism extends out at the same time and drives the compacting plate to compact the goods through the connecting piece 42, then the manipulator stacking mechanism 9 is moved into the truck through the translation structure again, in the process, the driving motor on the telescopic arm crown block 7 drives the driving chain 22 to rotate through the driving chain wheel 30 so as to drive the ring-shaped component 21 and the telescopic arm structure 8 to rotate under the support of the slewing bearing 19, when the specified position is reached, the material pushing cylinder 35 can push the connecting plate 38 to move outwards through the sliding block 37 on the sliding rail 36 and drive the connecting rod 39 and the push plate 40 to move outwards to push the goods out and stack the goods in the truck, so as to complete a stacking cycle, and the operation is repeated until the completion of the stacking of the truck.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles and broad features of the present invention and advantages thereof. While the utility model has been described with reference to various components which are conventional in the art, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing embodiments, which are provided to illustrate the principles of the utility model and various changes and modifications which can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the utility model as defined by the appended claims. The scope of the utility model is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a freight train is with bagged materials loading system, its characterized in that includes overhead traveling crane rail, bagged materials conveyer belt, platform of prepareeing materials, horizontal overhead traveling crane, hydraulic pressure station overhead traveling crane, electric cabinet overhead traveling crane, flexible arm structure and manipulator pile up neatly mechanism, two and horizontal settings around the overhead traveling crane rail is equipped with, the outside interval of overhead traveling crane rail is equipped with a plurality of bracing pieces, the bottom of overhead traveling crane rail is through layer board fixed mounting on the bracing piece, the bagged materials conveyer belt sets up in the below of one of them side overhead traveling crane rail, every the overhead traveling crane rail comprises the horizontal overhead traveling crane guide rail that is located the outside and the platform guide rail of prepareeing materials that is located the inboard, the height of platform guide rail of prepareeing materials is less than the height of horizontal overhead traveling crane guide rail, still be equipped with the rack on the medial surface of horizontal overhead traveling crane guide rail, the platform of prepareeing materials is installed on two platform guide rails of prepareeing materials around, the hydraulic station crown block and the electric cabinet crown block are respectively connected to the left side and the right side of the transverse crown block, the bottoms of the hydraulic station crown block and the electric cabinet crown block are arranged on the front transverse crown block guide rail and the rear transverse crown block guide rail through pulleys, the telescopic arm crown block is arranged on the transverse crown block, the center of the bottom of the telescopic arm crown block is connected with a telescopic arm structure, and the bottom of the telescopic arm structure is provided with a manipulator stacking mechanism;
the transverse crown block comprises first arch supports, vertical guide rails and first driving motors, the number of the first arch supports is two, the number of the vertical guide rails is two, the vertical guide rails are symmetrically arranged between the front and the rear first arch supports in a bilateral mode, racks are arranged on the outer side faces of the vertical guide rails, the first driving motors are arranged in arch structures in the centers of the bottoms of the first arch supports, crown block wheels are arranged at the bottoms of the left ends and the right ends of the first arch supports and are in sliding connection with transverse crown block rails, and driving gears are arranged at output ends of the bottoms of the first driving motors and are meshed with the racks on the inner sides of the transverse crown block guide rails;
the telescopic arm crown block comprises two second arch supports, a top plate, a rotary bearing and a second driving motor, wherein the number of the second arch supports is two, the top plate is arranged above and connected with the two second arch supports, the rotary bearing is arranged in the center of the top plate, the second driving motor is arranged in an arch structure in the center of the bottom of the second arch support, crown wheels are arranged at the bottoms of the front end and the rear end of the second arch support and are in sliding connection with a vertical guide rail, and a driving gear is arranged at the output end of the bottom of the second driving motor and is meshed with a rack outside the vertical guide rail;
the top end of the telescopic arm structure is mounted on the slewing bearing, a circle-shaped assembly is arranged on the outer side of the top end of the telescopic arm structure, a circle of driving chain is mounted on the circle-shaped assembly, a driving motor corresponding to the circle-shaped assembly is mounted on the telescopic arm crown block, a driving chain wheel is mounted on the output end of the driving motor, and the driving chain is wound on the driving chain wheel;
the material preparation platform consists of a crown block frame, a roller shaft assembly, a bag pushing mechanism and a bag collecting cover, crown block wheels are arranged at four corners of the top end of the crown block frame and are in sliding connection with guide rails of the material preparation platform, the crown block frame outside the crown block wheel is also provided with a motor and connected with the crown block wheel, the center of the crown block frame is provided with a roller shaft component, one side of the roller shaft component is provided with a bag pushing mechanism, the front side of the bag pushing mechanism is provided with a bag collecting cover, the roller shaft assembly is a platform structure consisting of a plurality of parallel roller shafts, the bag pushing mechanism consists of a frame, a connecting shaft, a chain wheel and a bag pushing plate, the left side and the right side in the frame are provided with connecting shafts, the front end and the rear end of each connecting shaft are provided with chain wheels, a chain is wound between the left chain wheel and the right chain wheel, the bag pushing plate is arranged between the front chain and the rear chain and is fixedly connected with the front chain and the rear chain, and the bag collecting cover is in a shell-shaped structure with a large opening at one end and a small opening at the other end;
the manipulator stacking mechanism consists of a mounting plate, a rear baffle, a pocket rod and a push plate mechanism, the rear part of the bottom surface of the mounting plate is provided with the rear baffle, a row of bag rods are arranged at the bottom of the rear baffle, push plate mechanisms are symmetrically arranged on the mounting plate from left to right, the push plate mechanism consists of an L-shaped plate, a material pushing cylinder, a slide rail, a slide block, a connecting plate, a connecting rod and a push plate, the L-shaped plate is arranged above the mounting plate, two slide rails are symmetrically arranged on a transverse plate of the L-shaped plate, a material pushing cylinder is arranged on the rear side of the vertical plate of the L-shaped plate, a sliding block is arranged at the bottom of the connecting plate and is connected with a sliding rail in a sliding manner, the piston rod of the pushing cylinder is connected with the top end of the connecting plate, the push plate is vertically arranged above the pocket rod, both ends pass through connecting rod and connecting plate about both ends fixed connection about the push pedal, it leads to the groove and the connecting rod passes this bar and leads to the groove to have seted up the bar on the mounting panel.
2. The bagged material loading system for trucks of claim 1, wherein the manipulator stacking mechanism further comprises a material pressing mechanism, the center of the L-shaped plate is provided with a through hole for accommodating the material pressing mechanism, the material pressing mechanism is disposed corresponding to the push plate mechanism and is mounted on the mounting plate through the through hole of the L-shaped plate, the material pressing mechanism comprises a material pressing cylinder, a connecting member and a material pressing plate, the material pressing cylinder is hinged to the mounting plate through the mounting seat, the piston rod at the output end of the material pressing cylinder is hinged to the connecting member, the material pressing plate is disposed at the bottom of the mounting plate, and the connecting member passes through the mounting plate and is fixedly connected with the material pressing plate.
3. The bagged material loading system for truck as claimed in claim 1, wherein the manipulator stacking mechanism has a central mounting plate, a telescopic arm connecting member and an angle cylinder connecting member, the telescopic arm structure is connected to the manipulator stacking mechanism via a telescopic arm connecting member, an angle adjusting cylinder is hinged inside the bottom end of the telescopic arm structure, and the piston rod of the angle adjusting cylinder is connected to the manipulator stacking mechanism via an angle cylinder connecting member.
4. The bagged material loading system for trucks of claim 1, wherein said telescopic arm structure comprises four telescopic joints and a telescopic hydraulic cylinder slidably sleeved with each other, and each telescopic joint is connected with each other through a movable pulley, said telescopic hydraulic cylinder is disposed outside the top telescopic joint, and the free end of the telescopic hydraulic cylinder is connected with the bottom telescopic joint.
5. The bagged material loading system for truck as claimed in claim 1, wherein the transverse overhead traveling crane guide rail and the stock platform guide rail are provided with limit switches and anti-collision blocks at both ends.
6. The system of claim 1, wherein said crown block rail is provided with photoelectric switches on both sides.
7. A system for loading bagged materials for truck as claimed in claim 1, wherein said transverse crown block and said telescopic boom crown block have photoelectric encoders on their crown block wheel side, the output end of said photoelectric encoder has a gear engaged with the rack, the bottom side of the top plate of said telescopic boom crown block has a photoelectric encoder on its bottom side, and the output end of said photoelectric encoder has a gear engaged with the driving chain.
CN202220477709.0U 2022-03-07 2022-03-07 Bagged material loading system for truck Active CN217024553U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202220477709.0U CN217024553U (en) 2022-03-07 2022-03-07 Bagged material loading system for truck

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202220477709.0U CN217024553U (en) 2022-03-07 2022-03-07 Bagged material loading system for truck

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CN217024553U true CN217024553U (en) 2022-07-22

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114955597A (en) * 2022-08-01 2022-08-30 江苏拓扬智能装备有限公司 Box cargo intelligent loading stacking equipment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114955597A (en) * 2022-08-01 2022-08-30 江苏拓扬智能装备有限公司 Box cargo intelligent loading stacking equipment

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