CN110040415B - Integrated laser automatic feeding and discharging mechanism and method thereof - Google Patents

Integrated laser automatic feeding and discharging mechanism and method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110040415B
CN110040415B CN201910378593.8A CN201910378593A CN110040415B CN 110040415 B CN110040415 B CN 110040415B CN 201910378593 A CN201910378593 A CN 201910378593A CN 110040415 B CN110040415 B CN 110040415B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
plate transfer
feeding
transfer trolley
lifting
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
CN201910378593.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110040415A (en
Inventor
朱佳乐
顾荣军
肖金刚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuxi Shenchong Forging Machine Co ltd
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Wuxi Shenchong Forging Machine Co ltd
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Application filed by Wuxi Shenchong Forging Machine Co ltd filed Critical Wuxi Shenchong Forging Machine Co ltd
Priority to CN201910378593.8A priority Critical patent/CN110040415B/en
Publication of CN110040415A publication Critical patent/CN110040415A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110040415B publication Critical patent/CN110040415B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/70Auxiliary operations or equipment
    • B23K26/702Auxiliary equipment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G1/00Storing articles, individually or in orderly arrangement, in warehouses or magazines
    • B65G1/02Storage devices
    • B65G1/04Storage devices mechanical
    • B65G1/0492Storage devices mechanical with cars adapted to travel in storage aisles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/91Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers
    • B65G47/912Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers provided with drive systems with rectilinear movements only
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2201/00Indexing codes relating to handling devices, e.g. conveyors, characterised by the type of product or load being conveyed or handled
    • B65G2201/02Articles
    • B65G2201/0214Articles of special size, shape or weigh
    • B65G2201/022Flat

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Optics & Photonics (AREA)
  • Plasma & Fusion (AREA)
  • Specific Conveyance Elements (AREA)
  • Warehouses Or Storage Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an integrated laser automatic feeding and discharging mechanism, which comprises a vertical storage rack, wherein a plate transfer table is arranged on one side of the vertical storage rack; a manipulator lifting mechanism is fixedly arranged above the plate material transfer table, an upper and lower material feeding mechanical arm is suspended below the manipulator lifting mechanism, the manipulator lifting mechanism can drive the upper and lower material feeding mechanical arm to move up and down, and the upper and lower material feeding mechanical arm can move down to clamp the plate material on the plate material transfer table; the invention has simple structure, and the system equipment can smoothly complete all steps of plate feeding, blank plate transferring, plate processing, finished plate transferring and finished product storage; and has the characteristics of simple process, few operation steps and the like.

Description

Integrated laser automatic feeding and discharging mechanism and method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of material transfer.
Background
The tower warehouse is used for storing plates to be processed, and in the actual use process, the existing tower warehouse equipment is often independent equipment, and an automatic feeding and discharging mechanism and the tower warehouse equipment are not mutually integrated.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to: in order to overcome the defects in the prior art, the invention provides an integrated laser automatic feeding and discharging mechanism and a method thereof.
The technical scheme is as follows: in order to achieve the purpose, the integrated laser automatic feeding and discharging mechanism comprises a vertical storage rack, wherein a plate transfer table is arranged on one side of the vertical storage rack; a manipulator lifting mechanism is fixedly arranged above the plate material transfer table, an upper and lower material feeding mechanical arm is suspended below the manipulator lifting mechanism, the manipulator lifting mechanism can drive the upper and lower material feeding mechanical arm to move up and down, and the upper and lower material feeding mechanical arm can move down to clamp the plate material on the plate material transfer table;
the sheet material transfer device comprises a sheet material transfer table, and is characterized by further comprising a sheet material laser cutting machine workbench, wherein the sheet material laser cutting machine workbench corresponds to the sheet material transfer table, a sheet material on the sheet material laser cutting machine workbench can be transferred onto the sheet material transfer table through a transfer mechanism, and a sheet material on the sheet material transfer table can also be transferred onto the sheet material laser cutting machine workbench through the transfer mechanism.
Further, a feeding table is arranged on one side, far away from the vertical storage rack, of the plate transfer table, and a discharging table is arranged on one side, far away from the plate transfer table, of the vertical storage rack; a bracket is fixedly arranged above the feeding table and the plate transfer table, and the manipulator lifting mechanism is fixedly arranged on the bracket; the feeding conveying device can convey the plate to be processed to the feeding table; the lower side in the vertical storage rack is provided with a plate transfer trolley, two sides of the plate transfer trolley are also provided with guide rails, the guide rails are fixed on the support, and the plate transfer trolley can move along the guide rails; the plate transfer trolley can sequentially travel along the guide rail and move to the position above the plate transfer table and the feeding table;
the plate transfer trolley is provided with a skip, skip supporting rails are respectively arranged at two sides of the upper end of the plate transfer trolley, skip rollers at two sides of the skip are arranged on the skip supporting rails at two sides of the plate transfer trolley in a rolling manner when the plate transfer trolley is provided with a skip, and plates can be placed on the skip; when the plate transfer trolley is positioned above the plate transfer table, the feeding and discharging manipulator can place the clamped plate on a skip car on the plate transfer trolley; the lower side of panel transfer car (buggy) is installed industry sucking disc unit, when the panel transfer car (buggy) is located the panel transfer table top, industry sucking disc unit can hold the panel of depositing on the material loading platform.
Further, two driving wheels are arranged on two sides of the front end of the plate transfer trolley, and two driven wheels are arranged on two sides of the rear end of the plate transfer trolley;
the guide rail comprises a first guide rail and a second guide rail which are parallel and parallel, the two driving wheels are respectively arranged on the first guide rail and the second guide rail in a rolling way, the rotation of the driving wheels can drive the plate transfer trolley to walk along the extending direction of the guide rail, and the two driven wheels are also respectively arranged on the first guide rail and the second guide rail in a rolling way; the plate transfer trolley is characterized in that a motor and a speed changer are fixedly arranged on the plate transfer trolley, the output end of the motor is in driving connection with the speed changer, and the output end of the speed changer is in driving connection with the driving wheel.
Further, the manipulator lifting mechanism comprises a rectangular top bracket, wherein a first chain wheel assembly and a second chain wheel assembly are respectively arranged on two sides of the front end of the top bracket, and a third chain wheel assembly and a fourth chain wheel assembly are respectively arranged on two sides of the rear end of the top bracket; the first chain wheel assembly and the second chain wheel assembly are respectively provided with a single chain wheel in a rotating way; the third chain wheel assembly and the fourth chain wheel assembly are respectively provided with a double chain wheel in a rotating way; wherein, the double chain wheel on the fourth chain wheel component comprises a first chain wheel and a second chain wheel; the lower parts of the third chain wheel assembly and the fourth chain wheel assembly are respectively provided with a counterweight chain wheel assembly in a hanging manner, the counterweight chain wheel assemblies are provided with counterweights in a hanging manner, the counterweight chain wheel assemblies are provided with double chain wheels in a rotating manner, and the double chain wheels on the counterweight chain wheel assemblies comprise a third chain wheel and a fourth chain wheel;
the device also comprises a first lifting chain and a second lifting chain; the front section of the first lifting chain spans and engages the upper side of the second sprocket assembly, and the rear section of the first lifting chain spans and engages the upper side of the second sprocket and the lower side of the fourth sprocket in sequence;
the tail end of the rear section of the first lifting chain is fixedly connected with the top bracket, and the front suspension connector is suspended at the tail end of the front section of the first lifting chain; the front section of the second lifting chain spans and engages the upper side of the first sprocket and the rear section of the second lifting chain spans and engages the lower side of the third sprocket; a rear suspension connector is suspended at the tail end of the front section of the second lifting chain, and the tail end of the rear section of the second lifting chain is fixedly connected with the top bracket; the front suspension connector and the rear suspension connector are fixedly connected with the feeding and discharging manipulator;
the front end middle part of the top support is provided with a lifting motor and a lifting motor reducer, the output end of the lifting motor is in driving connection with the lifting motor reducer, and the output end of the lifting motor reducer comprises a left output shaft and a right output shaft which are bilaterally symmetrical; the tail end of the right output shaft is synchronously connected with a chain wheel on the second chain wheel assembly; the tail end of the left output shaft is synchronously connected with a chain wheel on the first chain wheel component.
Further, the operation method of the integrated laser automatic feeding and discharging mechanism comprises the following steps:
in an initial state, the plate transfer trolley is correspondingly arranged at the lower side of the vertical storage rack, and the skip lifting unit on the vertical storage rack transfers the empty skip without loading the plate to the upper side of the plate transfer trolley; meanwhile, the feeding conveying device conveys the plate to be processed to the feeding table, then a motor on the plate transfer trolley is controlled to enable the driving wheel to rotate positively, the plate transfer trolley is further enabled to walk right above the feeding table along the guide rail, and then an industrial sucker unit at the lower side of the plate transfer trolley holds the plate to be processed on the feeding table; then controlling a motor on the plate transfer trolley to enable the driving wheel to reversely rotate, further enabling the plate held by the industrial sucker unit to move to the position right above the plate transfer table along with the plate transfer trolley, then releasing the held plate by the industrial sucker unit, and further enabling the plate to be processed to smoothly fall on the plate transfer table; then the plate on the plate transfer table is conveyed to a plate laser cutting machine workbench through a conveying mechanism to carry out a cutting procedure, then the cut plate on the laser cutting machine workbench is conveyed to the plate transfer table through the conveying mechanism, and then a motor on the plate transfer vehicle is controlled to enable a driving wheel to rotate, so that the plate transfer vehicle walks along a guide rail to be separated from the position right above the plate transfer table; at the moment, the manipulator lifting mechanism controls the lower suspended feeding and discharging manipulator to do descending motion until the feeding and discharging manipulator moves downwards to clamp the processed plate on the plate transfer table, and then the manipulator lifting mechanism controls the lower suspended feeding and discharging manipulator to displace upwards until the feeding and discharging manipulator displaces upwards to be higher than the plate transfer table; then controlling a motor on the plate transfer trolley to enable the driving wheel to rotate, further enabling the plate transfer trolley to walk above the plate transfer trolley again along the guide rail, enabling the plate transfer trolley to be just under the feeding and discharging mechanical arm, enabling the feeding and discharging mechanical arm to release the clamped plate, and enabling the plate released from the feeding and discharging mechanical arm to smoothly fall on an empty car on the upper side of the plate transfer trolley; then controlling the plate transfer trolley to walk along the guide rail to the lower side of the vertical storage rack, and transferring the skip car loaded with the plates on the plate transfer trolley onto the vertical storage rack by the skip car lifting unit; and then all steps of feeding, blank plate transferring, plate processing, finished plate transferring and finished product storage are completed.
The beneficial effects are that: the invention has simple structure, and the system equipment can smoothly complete all steps of plate feeding, blank plate transferring, plate processing, finished plate transferring and finished product storage; and has the characteristics of simple process, few operation steps and the like.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a first schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a second schematic diagram of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a top view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a lifting mechanism;
FIG. 5 is a top view of the lift mechanism;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion of FIG. 5 at 18;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the plate transfer cart traveling along the guide rail and just passing under the loading and unloading manipulator;
FIG. 8 is a top view of the sheet transport vehicle walking on the guide rail;
FIG. 9 is a front view of the sheet transport vehicle walking on the guide rail;
FIG. 10 is a side view of the sheet transport cart walking on the rails;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of a structure of a sheet material transfer vehicle carrying a material loading vehicle;
fig. 12 is a schematic view of the structure of the driving wheel of fig. 10.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
For the specific structure and use method of the "vertical warehouse rack", "skip" and "skip lifting unit" mentioned in this document, see the patent of the invention (application number cn201811236620. X) previously filed and disclosed by the applicant;
for a specific structure of the feeding and discharging manipulator mentioned in the present application, see the structure of the feeding and discharging manipulator described in 2009101840725, but the feeding and discharging manipulator is not necessarily the structure described in 2009101840725, and those skilled in the art should know that the feeding and discharging manipulator can be summarized as the feeding and discharging manipulator as long as the gripping can be realized "
The integrated laser automatic loading and unloading mechanism as shown in figures 1 to 12 comprises a vertical storage rack 8, wherein a plate material transfer table 31 is arranged on one side of the vertical storage rack 8; a manipulator lifting mechanism 5 is fixedly arranged above the plate material transferring table 31, an upper and lower material feeding mechanical arm 6 is suspended below the manipulator lifting mechanism 5, the manipulator lifting mechanism 5 can drive the upper and lower material feeding mechanical arm 6 to move up and down, and the upper and lower material feeding mechanical arm 6 can move down to the plate material 12 clamped on the plate material transferring table 31;
the sheet material transfer table 31 is characterized by further comprising a sheet material laser cutting machine workbench 15, wherein the sheet material laser cutting machine workbench 15 corresponds to the sheet material transfer table 31, a sheet material on the sheet material laser cutting machine workbench 15 can be transferred onto the sheet material transfer table 31 through a transfer mechanism, and a sheet material 12 on the sheet material transfer table 31 can also be transferred onto the sheet material laser cutting machine workbench 15 through the transfer mechanism.
A feeding table 17 is arranged on one side, far away from the vertical storage rack 8, of the plate transfer table 31, and a discharging table 14 is arranged on one side, far away from the plate transfer table 31, of the vertical storage rack 8; a bracket 13 is fixedly arranged above the feeding table 17 and the plate transfer table 31, and the manipulator lifting mechanism 5 is fixedly arranged on the bracket 13; the feeding and conveying device 16 is further included, and the feeding and conveying device 16 can convey the plate to be processed to the feeding table 17; the lower side in the vertical storage rack 8 is provided with a plate transfer trolley 9, two sides of the plate transfer trolley 9 are also provided with guide rails 4, the guide rails 4 are fixed on a bracket 13, and the plate transfer trolley 9 can move along the guide rails 4; the plate transfer trolley 9 can sequentially travel along the guide rail 4 and move to the upper parts of the plate transfer table 31 and the feeding table 17;
the plate transfer trolley 9 is provided with a skip 32;
the two sides of the upper end of the plate transfer trolley 9 in the embodiment are respectively provided with a skip supporting rail 189, and when the plate transfer trolley 9 is loaded with skip 32, skip rollers on the two sides of the skip 32 are arranged on the skip supporting rails 189 on the two sides of the plate transfer trolley 9 in a rolling way; when the plate transfer trolley 9 is positioned at the lower side in the vertical storage rack 8, the skip support rails 189 at the two sides of the plate transfer trolley 9 are equivalent to the strip-shaped left support rail 39.1 and the strip-shaped right support rail 39.2 on the vertical storage rack in the application number of CN201811236620. X; on the premise of the structure, the skip lifting unit 7 can transfer the skip 32 on the vertical storage rack 8 to the upper side of the plate transfer trolley 9, or the skip lifting unit 7 can transfer the skip 32 borne on the plate transfer trolley 9 to the vertical storage rack 8; for a specific transfer method, see "lifting method of skip lifting unit" and "skip warehouse-in traction method" in the specific embodiment with application number of cn201811236620. X;
the plate 12 can be placed on the skip 32; when the plate transfer trolley 9 is positioned above the plate transfer table 31, the loading and unloading manipulator 6 can place the clamped plate 12 on the skip 32 on the plate transfer trolley 9; an industrial sucker unit 42 is mounted on the lower side of the plate transfer trolley 9, and when the plate transfer trolley 9 is located above the plate transfer table 31, the industrial sucker unit 42 can hold the plates 12 stored on the loading table 17.
Two driving wheels 37 are arranged on two sides of the front end of the plate transfer trolley 9, and two driven wheels 40 are arranged on two sides of the rear end of the plate transfer trolley 9;
the guide rail 4 comprises a first guide rail 4.1 and a second guide rail 4.2 which are parallel in parallel, the two driving wheels 37 are respectively arranged on the first guide rail 4.1 and the second guide rail 4.2 in a rolling way, the rotation of the driving wheels 37 can drive the plate transfer trolley 9 to walk along the extending direction of the guide rail 4, and the two driven wheels 40 are also respectively arranged on the first guide rail 4.1 and the second guide rail 4.2 in a rolling way; the plate transfer trolley 9 is also fixedly provided with a motor 38 and a transmission 39, the output end of the motor 38 is in driving connection with the transmission 39, and the output end of the transmission 39 is in driving connection with the driving wheel 37.
The manipulator lifting mechanism 5 comprises a rectangular top bracket 19, wherein a first chain wheel assembly 24 and a second chain wheel assembly 27 are respectively arranged on two sides of the front end of the top bracket 19, and a third chain wheel assembly 018 and a fourth chain wheel assembly 18 are respectively arranged on two sides of the rear end of the top bracket 19; the first sprocket assembly 24 and the second sprocket assembly 27 are each rotatably provided with a single sprocket; the third sprocket assembly 018 and the fourth sprocket assembly 18 are each rotatably provided with a double sprocket; wherein the double sprocket on the fourth sprocket assembly 18 comprises a first sprocket 46 and a second sprocket 47; a counterweight sprocket assembly 50 is suspended below the third sprocket assembly 018 and the fourth sprocket assembly 18, a counterweight 51 is suspended on the counterweight sprocket assembly 50, a double sprocket is rotatably arranged on the counterweight sprocket assembly 50, and the double sprocket on the counterweight sprocket assembly 50 comprises a third sprocket 48 and a fourth sprocket 49;
also included are a first lifting chain 20 and a second lifting chain 30; the front section of the first lift chain 20 spans and engages the upper side of the second sprocket assembly 27, and the rear section of the first lift chain 20 spans and engages the upper side of the second sprocket 47, and the lower side of the fourth sprocket 49 in sequence; the rear end of the first lifting chain 20 is fixedly connected with the top bracket 19, and the front end of the first lifting chain 20 is suspended with a front suspension connector 28; the front section of the second lift chain 30 spans and engages the upper side of the first sprocket 46 and the rear section of the second lift chain 30 spans and engages the lower side of the third sprocket 48; a rear suspension connector 028 is suspended at the front end of the second lifting chain 30, and the rear end of the second lifting chain 30 is fixedly connected with the top bracket 19; the front suspension connector 28 and the rear suspension connector 028 are fixedly connected with the feeding and discharging manipulator 6; the middle part of the front end of the top bracket 19 is provided with a lifting motor 26 and a lifting motor reducer 25, the output end of the lifting motor 26 is in driving connection with the lifting motor reducer 25, and the output end of the lifting motor reducer 25 comprises a left output shaft 22 and a right output shaft 23 which are bilaterally symmetrical; the tail end of the right output shaft 23 is synchronously connected with a chain wheel on the second chain wheel assembly 27; the end of the left output shaft 22 is synchronously connected with the sprocket on the first sprocket assembly 24; the structure can control the up-and-down displacement of the feeding and discharging mechanical arm 6 only by controlling the forward and backward rotation of the lifting motor 26; in total, four lifting chains are provided, only the first lifting chain 20 and the second lifting chain 30 are described in this solution, and the other two are symmetrical components with respect to the first lifting chain 20 and the second lifting chain 30, and therefore will not be described in detail.
The operation method, the process and the technical progress of the scheme are as follows:
in the initial state, the plate transfer trolley 9 is correspondingly arranged at the lower side of the vertical storage rack 8, and the skip lifting unit 7 on the vertical storage rack 8 transfers the empty skip 32 without the plate 12 to the upper side of the plate transfer trolley 9; meanwhile, the feeding and conveying device 16 conveys the plate 12 to be processed to the feeding table 17, then a motor 38 on the plate transfer trolley 9 is controlled to enable a driving wheel 37 to rotate positively, the plate transfer trolley 9 is further enabled to walk right above the feeding table 17 along the guide rail 4, and then an industrial sucker unit 42 on the lower side of the plate transfer trolley 9 is used for holding the plate 12 to be processed on the feeding table 17; then controlling a motor 38 on the plate transfer trolley 9 to enable the driving wheel 37 to reversely rotate, further enabling the plate 12 held by the industrial sucker unit 42 to move to the position right above the plate transfer table 31 along with the plate transfer trolley 9, and then releasing the held plate 12 by the industrial sucker unit 42, and further enabling the plate 12 to be processed to smoothly fall on the plate transfer table 31; then the plate 12 on the plate transfer table 31 is transferred to the plate laser cutting machine workbench 15 through the transfer mechanism to carry out a cutting procedure, then the cut plate 12 on the laser cutting machine workbench 15 is transferred to the plate transfer table 31 through the transfer mechanism, then a motor 38 on the plate transfer trolley 9 is controlled to rotate a driving wheel 37, and the plate transfer trolley 9 is further driven to move along the guide rail 4 to be right above the plate transfer table 31; at this time, the manipulator lifting mechanism 5 controls the lower suspended feeding and discharging manipulator 6 to move downwards until the feeding and discharging manipulator 6 moves downwards to clamp the processed plate 12 on the plate transferring table 31, and then the manipulator lifting mechanism 5 controls the lower suspended feeding and discharging manipulator 6 to move upwards until the feeding and discharging manipulator 6 moves upwards to be higher than the plate transferring vehicle 9; then, a motor 38 on the plate transfer trolley 9 is controlled to rotate the driving wheel 37, so that the plate transfer trolley 9 walks to the position right above the plate transfer table 31 along the guide rail 4 again, the plate transfer trolley 9 is just under the feeding and discharging mechanical arm 6, the feeding and discharging mechanical arm 6 releases the clamped plate 12, and the plate 12 released from the feeding and discharging mechanical arm 6 falls on the empty car 32 on the upper side of the plate transfer trolley 9 smoothly; then the plate transfer trolley 9 is controlled to walk along the guide rail 4 to the lower side of the vertical storage rack 8 correspondingly, and then the skip 32 loaded with the plates 12 on the plate transfer trolley 9 is transferred onto the vertical storage rack 8 by the skip lifting unit 7; and then all steps of feeding, blank plate transferring, plate processing, finished plate transferring and finished product storage are completed.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the invention, it being noted that: it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and adaptations can be made without departing from the principles of the present invention, and such modifications and adaptations are intended to be comprehended within the scope of the invention.

Claims (1)

1. Automatic unloading mechanism of going up of laser integrates, its characterized in that: the plate transfer table comprises a vertical storage frame (8), wherein a plate transfer table (31) is arranged on one side of the vertical storage frame (8); a manipulator lifting mechanism (5) is fixedly arranged above the plate material transferring table (31), an upper and lower material feeding mechanical arm (6) is hung below the manipulator lifting mechanism (5), the manipulator lifting mechanism (5) can drive the upper and lower material feeding mechanical arm (6) to move up and down, and the upper and lower material feeding mechanical arm (6) can move down to clamp the plate material (12) on the plate material transferring table (31);
the plate material transfer device comprises a plate material transfer table (31), and is characterized by further comprising a plate material laser cutting machine workbench (15), wherein the plate material laser cutting machine workbench (15) corresponds to the plate material transfer table (31), a plate material on the plate material laser cutting machine workbench (15) can be transferred onto the plate material transfer table (31) through a transfer mechanism, and a plate material (12) on the plate material transfer table (31) can also be transferred onto the plate material laser cutting machine workbench (15) through the transfer mechanism;
a feeding table (17) is arranged on one side, far away from the vertical storage rack (8), of the plate transfer table (31), and a discharging table (14) is arranged on one side, far away from the plate transfer table (31), of the vertical storage rack (8); a bracket (13) is fixedly arranged above the feeding table (17) and the plate transfer table (31), and the manipulator lifting mechanism (5) is fixedly arranged on the bracket (13); the device also comprises a feeding and conveying device (16), wherein the feeding and conveying device (16) can convey the plate to be processed onto the feeding table (17); the lower side in the vertical storage rack (8) is provided with a plate transfer trolley (9), two sides of the plate transfer trolley (9) are also provided with guide rails (4), the guide rails (4) are fixed on a bracket (13), and the plate transfer trolley (9) can move along the guide rails (4); the plate transfer trolley (9) can sequentially travel and move to the upper parts of the plate transfer table (31) and the feeding table (17) along the guide rail (4);
the plate transfer trolley (9) is provided with a skip (32), two sides of the upper end of the plate transfer trolley (9) are respectively provided with a skip supporting rail (189), when the plate transfer trolley (9) is provided with the skip (32), skip rollers on two sides of the skip (32) are arranged on the skip supporting rails (189) on two sides of the plate transfer trolley (9) in a rolling mode, and plates (12) can be placed on the skip (32); when the plate transfer trolley (9) is positioned above the plate transfer table (31), the feeding and discharging mechanical arm (6) can place the clamped plate (12) on the skip car (32) on the plate transfer trolley (9); an industrial sucker unit (42) is arranged on the lower side of the plate transfer trolley (9), and when the plate transfer trolley (9) is positioned above the plate transfer table (31), the industrial sucker unit (42) can hold the plates (12) stored on the feeding table (17);
two driving wheels (37) are arranged on two sides of the front end of the plate transfer trolley (9), and two driven wheels (40) are arranged on two sides of the rear end of the plate transfer trolley (9);
the guide rail (4) comprises a first guide rail (4.1) and a second guide rail (4.2) which are parallel in parallel, the two driving wheels (37) are respectively arranged on the first guide rail (4.1) and the second guide rail (4.2) in a rolling mode, the rotation of the driving wheels (37) can drive the plate transfer trolley (9) to walk along the extending direction of the guide rail (4), and the two driven wheels (40) are also respectively arranged on the first guide rail (4.1) and the second guide rail (4.2) in a rolling mode; a motor (38) and a speed changer (39) are fixedly arranged on the plate transfer trolley (9), the output end of the motor (38) is in driving connection with the speed changer (39), and the output end of the speed changer (39) is in driving connection with the driving wheel (37);
the manipulator lifting mechanism (5) comprises a rectangular top bracket (19), wherein a first chain wheel assembly (24) and a second chain wheel assembly (27) are respectively arranged on two sides of the front end of the top bracket (19), and a third chain wheel assembly (018) and a fourth chain wheel assembly (18) are respectively arranged on two sides of the rear end of the top bracket (19); a first sprocket assembly (24) and a second sprocket assembly (27) are respectively rotatably provided with a single sprocket; the third sprocket assembly (018) and the fourth sprocket assembly (18) are both rotatably provided with double sprockets; wherein the double sprocket on the fourth sprocket assembly (18) comprises a first sprocket (46) and a second sprocket (47); a counterweight chain wheel assembly (50) is hung below the third chain wheel assembly (018) and below the fourth chain wheel assembly (18), a counterweight (51) is hung on the counterweight chain wheel assembly (50), a double chain wheel is rotatably arranged on the counterweight chain wheel assembly (50), and the double chain wheel on the counterweight chain wheel assembly (50) comprises a third chain wheel (48) and a fourth chain wheel (49);
further comprising a first lifting chain (20) and a second lifting chain (30); the front section of the first lifting chain (20) spans and engages the upper side of the second sprocket assembly (27), and the rear section of the first lifting chain (20) spans and engages the upper side of the second sprocket (47) and the lower side of the fourth sprocket (49) in sequence;
the rear end of the first lifting chain (20) is fixedly connected with the top bracket (19), and the front end of the first lifting chain (20) is suspended with a front suspension connector (28); the front section of the second lifting chain (30) spans and engages the upper side of the first sprocket (46), and the rear section of the second lifting chain (30) spans and engages the lower side of the third sprocket (48); a rear suspension connector (028) is suspended at the tail end of the front section of the second lifting chain (30), and the tail end of the rear section of the second lifting chain (30) is fixedly connected with the top bracket (19); the front suspension connector (28) and the rear suspension connector (028) are fixedly connected with the feeding and discharging manipulator (6);
the middle part of the front end of the top support (19) is provided with a lifting motor (26) and a lifting motor reducer (25), the output end of the lifting motor (26) is in driving connection with the lifting motor reducer (25), and the output end of the lifting motor reducer (25) comprises a left output shaft (22) and a right output shaft (23) which are bilaterally symmetrical; the tail end of the right output shaft (23) is synchronously connected with a chain wheel on the second chain wheel assembly (27); the tail end of the left output shaft (22) is synchronously connected with a chain wheel on the first chain wheel assembly (24);
the operation method of the integrated laser automatic feeding and discharging mechanism comprises the following steps:
in an initial state, the plate transfer trolley (9) is correspondingly arranged at the lower side of the vertical storage rack (8), and the skip lifting unit (7) on the vertical storage rack (8) transfers the empty skip (32) without the plate (12) to the upper side of the plate transfer trolley (9); meanwhile, the feeding conveying device (16) conveys the plate (12) to be processed onto the feeding table (17), then a motor (38) on the plate transfer trolley (9) is controlled to enable a driving wheel (37) to rotate positively, the plate transfer trolley (9) is further enabled to walk right above the feeding table (17) along the guide rail (4), and then an industrial sucker unit (42) on the lower side of the plate transfer trolley (9) is used for holding the plate (12) to be processed on the feeding table (17); then controlling a motor (38) on the plate transfer trolley (9) to enable the driving wheel (37) to reversely rotate, further enabling the plate (12) held by the industrial sucker unit (42) to move to the position right above the plate transfer table (31) along with the plate transfer trolley (9), and then enabling the plate (12) held by the industrial sucker unit (42) to be released, further enabling the plate (12) to be processed to slowly fall on the plate transfer table (31); then the plate (12) on the plate transfer table (31) is transferred to the plate laser cutting machine workbench (15) through the transfer mechanism to carry out a cutting procedure, then the cut plate (12) on the laser cutting machine workbench (15) is transferred to the plate transfer table (31) through the transfer mechanism, then a motor (38) on the plate transfer vehicle (9) is controlled to rotate a driving wheel (37), and the plate transfer vehicle (9) is further driven to move along the guide rail (4) to be separated from the position right above the plate transfer table (31); at the moment, the manipulator lifting mechanism (5) controls the lower suspended feeding and discharging manipulator (6) to do descending motion until the feeding and discharging manipulator (6) moves downwards to clamp the processed plate (12) on the plate transferring table (31), and then the manipulator lifting mechanism (5) controls the lower suspended feeding and discharging manipulator (6) to displace upwards until the feeding and discharging manipulator (6) displaces upwards to be higher than the plate transferring vehicle (9); then controlling a motor (38) on the plate transfer trolley (9) to enable the driving wheel (37) to rotate, further enabling the plate transfer trolley (9) to walk right above the plate transfer trolley (31) along the guide rail (4), enabling the plate transfer trolley (9) to be just right below the feeding and discharging mechanical arm (6), enabling the feeding and discharging mechanical arm (6) to release the clamped plate (12), and enabling the plate (12) released from the feeding and discharging mechanical arm (6) to smoothly fall on the empty trolley (32) on the upper side of the plate transfer trolley (9); then, the plate transfer trolley (9) is controlled to walk along the guide rail (4) to the lower side of the vertical storage rack (8), and then the skip car lifting unit (7) transfers the skip car (32) loaded with the plates (12) on the plate transfer trolley (9) to the vertical storage rack (8); and then all steps of feeding, blank plate transferring, plate processing, finished plate transferring and finished product storage are completed.
CN201910378593.8A 2019-05-08 2019-05-08 Integrated laser automatic feeding and discharging mechanism and method thereof Active CN110040415B (en)

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CN111136494A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-05-12 重庆兰羚天和科技股份有限公司 Rotatable cutter head system of plate shear of transverse cutting machine
CN111112852B (en) * 2019-12-30 2022-04-15 维特罗伯特机械(苏州)有限公司 Compact laser cutting workstation
CN111889899B (en) * 2020-08-04 2022-05-20 江苏金方圆数控机床有限公司 Cantilever type laser cutting production line and machining method thereof

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