CN212697275U - Silkworm breeding device - Google Patents

Silkworm breeding device Download PDF

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CN212697275U
CN212697275U CN202021089066.XU CN202021089066U CN212697275U CN 212697275 U CN212697275 U CN 212697275U CN 202021089066 U CN202021089066 U CN 202021089066U CN 212697275 U CN212697275 U CN 212697275U
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frame
silkworm
cluster
layer
breeding
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王志斌
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a silkworm breeding device, which belongs to the technical field of silkworm breeding and comprises a plurality of stacked breeding units, wherein each breeding unit comprises a support, a breeding bed and a clustering assembly, the breeding bed is installed on the support, the breeding bed comprises a breeding layer and a silkworm excrement layer, the silkworm excrement layer is arranged below the breeding layer, silkworm excrement holes are formed in the bottom of the breeding layer, the clustering assembly is installed above the breeding layer, the clustering assembly comprises a clustering frame, a square cluster and an adjusting mechanism, the clustering frame is slidably installed on the support, the square cluster is installed on the clustering frame, and the adjusting mechanism is connected with the support and the clustering frame and adjusts the height of the clustering frame; the utility model discloses a silkworm breeding device solves the silkworm excrement and separates the difficulty and receives the problem that the silkworm cocoon labour cost is high.

Description

Silkworm breeding device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a silkworm breeding technology field, especially a silkworm breeding device.
Background
Silkworm is an insect of Lepidoptera, and the silk is a main raw material source and plays an important role in human economic life and cultural history. Native China, south China and Taiwan are commonly called silkworm baby or boy. Silkworm is given its english name because it weaves cocoons with silk. Cocoons were woven from a 300-900 meter length piece of silk. At present, the cocoon silk yield and export amount of China all account for more than 70% of the total amount of the world. Silkworm breeding is a common phenomenon in China, and the most common is silkworm, also called silkworm, which is one of economic insects for spinning and cocooning by taking mulberry leaves as foodstuff. The silkworm originates from China, the development temperature of the silkworm is 7-40 ℃, and the breeding temperature is 20-30 ℃. Silkworm babies live in mulberry leaves, the body of the silkworm babies turns white after continuously eating the mulberry leaves, the silkworm babies begin to peel after a period of time, and the silkworm babies do not eat or move like sleeping in a sleep mode, namely 'dormancy'. After one-time peeling, the larva becomes a second-instar larva, if the larva grows one year old after peeling once, the larva peels for four times to become a fifth-instar larva, and then the young silkworm becomes a mature silkworm after eating mulberry leaves for 8 days, and the silking and cocooning are started.
The silkworm is all precious, and even silkworm excrement is a good traditional Chinese medicine material, but in the general culture process, the silkworm is raised on the ground, the food residue of the silkworm, the silkworm pupa and the silkworm excrement are mixed together, the separation is troublesome, the workload is high, the silkworm pupa and the silkworm excrement are easy to stab, and high-strength labor force is needed when the silkworm cocoon is collected, so that the culture cost is high.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Aiming at the problems, the silkworm breeding device is provided, and the problems that silkworm excrement is difficult to separate and the labor cost for collecting silkworm cocoons is high are solved.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the technical proposal that: the utility model provides a silkworm breeding device, includes a plurality of ranges upon range of breed units that get up, breed the unit and include the support, breed bed and cluster subassembly, breed the bed install in on the support, breed the bed including breeding layer and silkworm excrement layer, the silkworm excrement layer is located breed the below on layer, the bottom of breeding the layer is equipped with the silkworm excrement hole, cluster subassembly install in breed the top on layer, the cluster subassembly includes cluster frame, paper cocooning frame and adjustment mechanism, cluster frame slidable mounting in the support, the paper cocooning frame install in on the cluster frame, adjustment mechanism connects support and cluster frame are right the height of cluster frame is adjusted.
Furthermore, the breeding layer comprises a bottom plate, two side walls and two end walls, the two side walls are fixed on two sides of the bottom plate respectively, the two end walls are hinged to the front end and the rear end of the bottom plate respectively, and the silkworm excrement holes are formed in the bottom plate. The end walls are hinged to the front end and the rear end of the bottom plate respectively, and when the cluster frame and the paper cocooning frames need to be installed, the end walls are put down, so that the cluster frame and the paper cocooning frames can be conveniently installed.
Further, the both sides of support are equipped with vertical spout respectively, the both ends of tufting frame respectively slidable mounting in the spout, the tufting frame is equipped with multirow tufting frame, and every row the installation is a plurality of in the tufting frame square cluster.
Further, the last inner wall of tufting frame is equipped with the constant head tank, the lower inner wall of tufting frame is equipped with down the constant head tank, the degree of depth of going up the constant head tank is greater than the degree of depth of constant head tank down, the upper end of square cluster install in going up the constant head tank, the lower extreme of square cluster install in the constant head tank down. When the paper cocooning frame is installed, the upper end of the paper cocooning frame is installed in the upper positioning groove and is jacked upwards, then the lower end of the paper cocooning frame is moved into the clustering frame and is placed in the lower positioning groove, and then the installation of the paper cocooning frame can be completed; when the paper cocooning frame is dismantled, the paper cocooning frame is pushed up earlier for the upper end butt of paper cocooning frame goes up the upper portion of constant head tank, and the lower extreme of paper cocooning frame breaks away from down the constant head tank, shifts out the lower extreme of paper cocooning frame again and gathers the frame, then down takes the paper cocooning frame, makes the upper end of paper cocooning frame break away from last constant head tank and can take out the paper cocooning frame. The square cocooning frame is convenient and quick to install and detach, and is favorable for collecting cocoons of the square cocooning frame and cleaning the square cocooning frame.
Further, adjustment mechanism includes alignment jig and adjusting screw, the alignment jig is fixed in on the cluster frame, adjusting screw's upper end is passed through the nut and is connected the alignment jig, adjusting screw's lower extreme is connected the support. Through adjusting nut, can make the cluster frame change with the hookup location of adjusting screw to reach the purpose of adjusting the height of cluster frame.
Furthermore, four corners of the lower end of the support are respectively provided with four loop bars, four corners of the upper end of the support are respectively provided with four loop holes, and the diameters of the loop bars are equal to the inner diameters of the loop holes. The loop bar of support embolias the trepanning of another support, and the mutual stack installation is realized through the cooperation of trepanning and loop bar to a plurality of supports.
Furthermore, the lower end of the culture unit at the lowest layer is provided with a universal rotating wheel. The universal rotating wheel facilitates the movement of the silkworm breeding device, so that the field after batch breeding can be cleaned, sterilized and disinfected conveniently, and free adjustment can be performed conveniently due to the limitation of the breeding field.
Due to the adoption of the technical scheme, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
the utility model discloses a silkworm breeding device includes a plurality of ranges upon range of breed units that get up, can utilize the space effectively, reduces the land area and occupy and use to breed by a plurality of ranges upon range of breed units that get up, changed the traditional breed mode of silkworm farmer, by original ground tiling free range, the intensive culture of silkworm bed is concentrated in the wide transition of nursing working face, great reduction the nursing labour of silkworm farmer, reduction silkworm farmer's labour cost. The utility model discloses a breed bed is including breeding layer and silkworm excrement layer, and the farming in-process, the silkworm excrement is automatic from the silkworm excrement hole landing silkworm excrement layer of breeding the layer, and the effectual silkworm and silkworm excrement separation that will improve silkworm's living environment makes things convenient for the separation clearance of silkworm excrement again, has apparent improvement to the cycle recycle rate of silkworm excrement. The utility model installs the paper cocooning frame on the cluster frame, the paper cocooning frame is installed on the cluster frame firstly during installation, and then the cluster frame is installed on the bracket, so that the paper cocooning frame is not required to be installed on a cultivation bed one by one, thereby saving the installation time of the paper cocooning frame and being beneficial to the integral adjustment of the paper cocooning frame; when the silkworm is ripe, the silkworm can oneself climb on the paper cocooning frame and form cocoons, will tuft the frame wholly take out when receiving the silkworm cocoon, then take out the paper cocooning frame with the paper cocooning frame again, scrape the silkworm cocoon fall collect the frame in can, make things convenient for the collection of silkworm cocoon, practice thrift the collection time of silkworm cocoon. The utility model discloses an adjustment mechanism highly adjusts the cluster frame, through the height of adjusting the cluster frame and then adjust the distance that the silkworm went up a cluster.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a silkworm breeding device of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the cultivation unit of the present invention;
wherein, 1-culture unit, 2-culture bed, 3-tufting component, 4-universal rotating wheel, 5-adjusting mechanism, 6-bracket, 7-culture layer, 8-silkworm excrement layer, 9-silkworm excrement hole, 10-tufting frame, 11-square tuft, 12-tufting frame, 13-loop bar, 14-loop hole, 15-chute, 16-adjusting frame, and 17-adjusting screw.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "secured to" another element, it can be directly on the other element or intervening elements may also be present. When a component is referred to as being "connected" to another component, it can be directly connected to the other component or intervening components may also be present. When an element is referred to as being "on" another element, it can be directly on the other element or intervening elements may also be present. The terms "vertical," "horizontal," "left," "right," and the like as used herein are for illustrative purposes only.
Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. The terminology used in the description of the invention herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention. As used herein, the term "and/or" includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.
Please refer to fig. 1 and fig. 2, a silkworm breeding device, which comprises a plurality of stacked breeding units 1, wherein each breeding unit 1 comprises a support 6, a breeding bed 2 and a clustering assembly 3, the breeding bed 2 is installed on the support 6, the breeding bed 2 comprises a breeding layer 7 and a silkworm excrement layer 8, the silkworm excrement layer 8 is arranged below the breeding layer 7, silkworm excrement holes 9 are formed in the bottom of the breeding layer 7, the clustering assembly 3 is installed above the breeding layer 7, the clustering assembly 3 comprises a clustering frame 10, a square cluster 11 and an adjusting mechanism 5, the clustering frame 10 is slidably installed on the support 6, the square cluster 11 is installed on the clustering frame 10, and the adjusting mechanism 5 is connected with the support 6 and the clustering frame 10 and adjusts the height of the clustering frame 10.
The support 6 is a square frame consisting of four upright posts, four upper cross beams and four lower cross beams, four corners of the lower end of the support 6 are respectively provided with four loop bars 13, four corners of the upper end of the support 6 are respectively provided with four loop holes 14, the diameter of each loop bar 13 is equal to the inner diameter of each loop hole 14, and the lower ends of the four loop bars 13 of the support 6 at the lowest layer are respectively provided with a universal rotating wheel 4. Vertical sliding grooves 15 are formed in the stand columns on the two sides of the support 6 respectively, two supporting plates which are different in height and are arranged horizontally and longitudinally are fixed on the inner sides of the stand columns on the two sides of the support 6 respectively, the supporting plates on the two sides are arranged symmetrically, and a limiting plate is fixed at the rear end of each supporting plate.
Breed the both sides support of layer 7 and install in the backup pad of top, and layer 7 is bred in the push-and-pull of front and back can make breed layer 7 slide in the backup pad, during the installation directly will breed layer 7 and push away the rear end from the front end of backup pad can, breed layer 7 and include a bottom plate, two lateral walls and two end walls, and silkworm excrement hole 9 is located on the bottom plate. The two side walls are fixed on two sides of the bottom plate respectively, the two end walls are hinged to the front end and the rear end of the bottom plate respectively, the left side and the right side of each end wall are provided with a lock catch respectively, the front end and the rear end of each side wall are provided with a clamp respectively, the end walls and the side walls are fixedly connected through the lock catches, the end walls and the side walls can be separated by loosening the lock catches, and the end walls are put down. The silkworm excrement layer 8 is a flat plate, the flat plate is arranged on a supporting plate below, and when silkworm excrement needs to be cleaned, the flat plate is directly pulled out for cleaning.
Two ends of the tufting frame 10 are respectively slidably mounted in the sliding grooves 15, the tufting frame 10 is provided with a plurality of rows of tufting frames 12, the plurality of rows of tufting frames 12 are sequentially arranged from front to back, and a plurality of paper cocooning frames 11 are mounted in each row of tufting frames 12. The last inner wall of tufting frame 12 is equipped with the constant head tank, and the lower inner wall of tufting frame 12 is equipped with down the constant head tank, and the degree of depth of going up the constant head tank is greater than the degree of depth of constant head tank down, and the upper end of square cluster 11 is installed in last constant head tank, and the lower extreme of square cluster 11 is installed in lower constant head tank. The adjusting mechanism 5 comprises an adjusting frame 16 and an adjusting screw rod 17, the adjusting frame 16 is fixed on two sides of the clustering frame 10, the adjusting frame 16 is a U-shaped frame, the opening of the adjusting frame 16 is upward, the upper end of the adjusting frame 16 is fixed on the clustering frame 10, the upper end of the adjusting screw rod 17 is connected with the lower end of the adjusting frame 16 through a nut, and the lower end of the adjusting screw rod 17 is abutted to the support 6.
The above description is for the detailed description of the preferred possible embodiments of the present invention, but the embodiments are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and all equivalent changes or modifications accomplished under the technical spirit suggested by the present invention should fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A silkworm breeding device is characterized in that: including a plurality of ranges upon range of breed units that get up, breed the unit and include the support, breed bed and cluster subassembly, breed the bed install in on the support, breed the bed including breeding layer and silkworm excrement layer, the silkworm excrement layer is located breed the below on layer, the bottom of breeding the layer is equipped with the silkworm excrement hole, cluster subassembly install in breed the top on layer, cluster subassembly is including cluster frame, paper cocooning frame and adjustment mechanism, cluster frame slidable mounting in the support, paper cocooning frame install in on the cluster frame, adjustment mechanism connects support and cluster frame are right the height of cluster frame is adjusted.
2. The silkworm breeding device according to claim 1, wherein: the breeding layer comprises a bottom plate, two side walls and two end walls, the two side walls are fixed on two sides of the bottom plate respectively, the two end walls are hinged to the front end and the rear end of the bottom plate respectively, and silkworm excrement holes are formed in the bottom plate.
3. The silkworm breeding device according to claim 1, wherein: the both sides of support are equipped with vertical spout respectively, the both ends of tufting frame respectively slidable mounting in the spout, the tufting frame is equipped with multirow tufting frame, every row install a plurality ofly in the tufting frame square cluster.
4. The silkworm breeding device according to claim 3, wherein: the last inner wall of tufting frame is equipped with the constant head tank, the lower inner wall of tufting frame is equipped with down the constant head tank, the degree of depth of going up the constant head tank is greater than the degree of depth of constant head tank down, the upper end of square cluster install in go up in the constant head tank, the lower extreme of square cluster install in the constant head tank down.
5. The silkworm breeding device according to claim 1, wherein: the adjusting mechanism comprises an adjusting frame and an adjusting screw rod, the adjusting frame is fixed on the clustering frame, the upper end of the adjusting screw rod is connected with the adjusting frame through a nut, and the lower end of the adjusting screw rod is connected with the support.
6. The silkworm breeding device according to claim 1, wherein: the lower extreme of support is equipped with the loop bar, the upper end of support is equipped with the trepanning, and the diameter of loop bar equals the internal diameter in trepanning.
7. The silkworm breeding device according to claim 1, wherein: the lower end of the lowest layer of the culture unit is provided with a universal rotating wheel.
CN202021089066.XU 2020-06-12 2020-06-12 Silkworm breeding device Active CN212697275U (en)

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CN202021089066.XU CN212697275U (en) 2020-06-12 2020-06-12 Silkworm breeding device

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115152709A (en) * 2022-06-10 2022-10-11 山东省蚕业研究所 Artificial feed silkworm rearing tool for silkworms
IT202100023015A1 (en) 2021-09-06 2023-03-06 Tecnoseta Srl Sericulture bed

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
IT202100023015A1 (en) 2021-09-06 2023-03-06 Tecnoseta Srl Sericulture bed
CN115152709A (en) * 2022-06-10 2022-10-11 山东省蚕业研究所 Artificial feed silkworm rearing tool for silkworms
CN115152709B (en) * 2022-06-10 2024-04-26 山东省蚕业研究所 Silkworm artificial feed rearing tool

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