CN211253899U - Kitchen garbage processor - Google Patents

Kitchen garbage processor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211253899U
CN211253899U CN201921821157.5U CN201921821157U CN211253899U CN 211253899 U CN211253899 U CN 211253899U CN 201921821157 U CN201921821157 U CN 201921821157U CN 211253899 U CN211253899 U CN 211253899U
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garbage
box
control
containing box
module
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CN201921821157.5U
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凌雁
胡建伟
薛叶彤
徐安澜
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Ningbo Institute of Finance and Economics
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Ningbo Institute of Finance and Economics
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a surplus garbage disposer in kitchen, including the box, be located box import department and be provided with rubbish shelving mechanism, be located on the box and be located rubbish shelving mechanism both sides and be provided with first containing box and second containing box respectively, rubbish shelving mechanism is controlled by control mechanism and is made rubbish shelving mechanism can incline left or right for material among the rubbish shelving mechanism gets into in first containing box or the second containing box. The utility model has the advantages that: the left and right inclination of the garbage placing mechanism is controlled by the control mechanism, kitchen garbage can be conveniently separated, the kitchen garbage can be drained through the draining plate structure, the pedal rod is stepped downwards, the garbage placing mechanism deflects, the internal solid garbage is output to another containing box, solid-liquid separation is completed, the problem of kitchen garbage treatment in classification is effectively solved, the recovery efficiency of the kitchen garbage is improved, the pollution discharge burden of a sewer pipeline is reduced, and the pipeline blocking rate is reduced.

Description

Kitchen garbage processor
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a refuse treatment technical field, concretely relates to kitchen garbage disposer.
Background
The proportion of kitchen waste in the urban domestic garbage is higher and higher, statistics shows that the proportion of the Chinese kitchen waste in the urban domestic garbage is approximately 37% -62%, and according to the calculation of the clearing and transporting amount of the main domestic garbage in the major and middle cities in China, the kitchen waste generated in the major cities in China per year is not lower than 6000 million tons in practice.
In daily life, residents usually mix food wastes from kitchens into household wastes and put the garbage into plastic bags. During the processes of storage, collection, transportation and landfill of the garbage, the garbage is easy to rot and smell in a short time to breed mosquitoes and flies, and the surrounding environment is seriously polluted. Municipal waste in China is usually treated by incineration and landfill. Because the water content of the kitchen waste is often up to 90%, the requirement of heat productivity of waste incineration power generation cannot be met, and secondary pollution is easily caused due to insufficient combustion of the incinerator; and the landfill occupies a large amount of land and pollutes underground water resources. Two thirds of large and medium cities in China are trapped in the garbage enclosure, and about one fourth of the large and medium cities have no suitable place for stacking the garbage.
Both incineration and landfill modes can cause waste of a large amount of organic matters, so that the development of a small kitchen waste disposer suitable for being used at home is urgently needed, and kitchen waste is treated independently to realize effective utilization of resources.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at the above-mentioned problem, provide a surplus garbage disposer in kitchen, including the box, be located box import department and be provided with rubbish shelving mechanism, be located on the box and be located rubbish shelving mechanism both sides and be provided with first containing box and second containing box respectively, rubbish shelving mechanism is controlled by control mechanism and is made rubbish shelving mechanism can incline left or right for material among the rubbish shelving mechanism gets into in first containing box or the second containing box.
Through the technical scheme, the control mechanism controls the left and right inclination of the garbage placing mechanism, so that kitchen garbage can be conveniently separated.
The garbage placing mechanism comprises a placing plate and an extending part which takes the placing plate as a bottom surface and extends upwards to form a placing area, the substance in the garbage placing mechanism can be output into the first containing box or the second containing box from two sides, and a draining plate is arranged on the placing plate at one end of the garbage placing mechanism close to the first containing box or the second containing box; one side of the laying plate positioned at one side of the draining plate extends to form a lead plate; the placing plate is inclined downwards towards one side of the draining plate.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, adopt above-mentioned structure, can carry out the wet-dry separation with rubbish, detach most moisture, guarantee the problem that kitchen bottom surface a slice wolf was used.
The control mechanism comprises a pedal rod hinged to the bottom of the box body, a transmission rod hinged to the pedal rod, and a rotating rod hinged between the transmission rod and the bottom of the garbage placing mechanism, the bottom of the garbage placing mechanism is rotatably connected through a first rotating shaft fixed on the inner wall of the box body, the rotating rod is rotatably connected through a second rotating shaft fixed on the inner wall of the box body, the pedal rod rotates downwards to drive the transmission rod to move downwards, the rotating rod is pulled to rotate, the other end of the rotating rod is lifted, and then one side of the garbage placing mechanism is lifted, so that internal substances are output; the rotating rod is connected with the garbage placing mechanism through the extending piece, the extending piece is fixed at the bottom of the garbage placing mechanism, and the rotating rod is hinged with the other end of the extending piece.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, after the moisture that is in rubbish passes through the water logging board drop of moisture department, step on the footboard pole downwards to make rubbish laying mechanism deflect, make inside solid refuse output to another containing box in, accomplish solid-liquid separation.
Still include control system, including control module, control module control and be used for detecting the box periphery whether someone and the infrared module apart from the position, control module control and be used for detecting the ultrasonic wave module of the internal rubbish height of box, still including articulating the case lid at the box opening part, the motor control is controlled by control module to the opening of case lid, motor.
An infrared module: mainly used detects the peripheral whether someone of dustbin, if detects someone and is close to, in the distance of settlement, then infrared module and control module communicate, and control module control motor module carries out forward or the reversal to control opening and closing of dustbin lid. An ultrasonic module: the height of rubbish in the mainly used detection dustbin, in the in-service use, the rubbish height that detects when detecting last time the dustbin lid and opening, after rubbish was put in at the user at every turn, the ultrasonic module all can the automatic measure rubbish height to upload the host computer through wireless module, be used for the height of rubbish in the each dustbin of real time monitoring. Temperature and humidity module: the temperature and humidity monitoring device is used for monitoring the temperature and humidity in the dustbin and preventing the phenomena of overhigh temperature in the dustbin in summer or open fire at the cigarette end and the like. A weighing module: the method is used for weighing recoverable garbage thrown by a user every time, and a reward mechanism is established because a set scene is a community user and main garbage is kitchen garbage, and a weighing sensor is set for weighing.
The utility model has the advantages that: the left and right inclination of the garbage placing mechanism is controlled by the control mechanism, kitchen garbage can be conveniently separated, the kitchen garbage can be drained through the draining plate structure, the pedal rod is stepped downwards, and therefore the garbage placing mechanism deflects, solid garbage in the garbage placing mechanism is output to another containing box, and solid-liquid separation is completed. The separated dry matter can be used for BOKASHI degradation and organic fertilizer production, so that the problem of kitchen waste treatment in the classification problem is effectively solved, the recovery efficiency of the kitchen waste is improved, the pollution discharge burden of a sewer line is reduced, and the pipeline blockage rate is reduced. The implementation of the project has positive significance in the aspects of improving the quality of life of people, realizing the classification treatment of garbage, protecting the environment and the like.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a sectional side view of a kitchen waste disposer of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the kitchen garbage disposer of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a view illustrating the use of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the control system of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an ultrasonic module circuit;
reference numerals: 1-a box body; 2-a first storage box; 3-a second storage box; 4-a shelf board; 5-a resting area; 6-a draining board; 7-connecting a lead plate; 8-pedal lever; 9-a transmission rod; 10-rotating rod; 11-a first shaft; 12-a second shaft; 13-a reinforcement; 14-an extension; 15-a control module; 16-an infrared module; 17-an ultrasonic module; 21-a temperature and humidity module; 22-a weighing module; 24-box cover.
Detailed Description
Referring to the attached drawings, the technical scheme is that the kitchen waste disposer comprises a case body, a waste holding mechanism is arranged at an inlet of the case body, a first containing box and a second containing box are respectively arranged on the case body and on two sides of the waste holding mechanism, and the waste holding mechanism is controlled by a control mechanism to enable the waste holding mechanism to incline leftwards or rightwards, so that substances in the waste holding mechanism enter the first containing box or the second containing box; the left and right inclination of the garbage placing mechanism is controlled by the control mechanism, so that kitchen garbage can be conveniently separated. Wherein first containing box and second containing box adopt the drawer structure to place, and the opening is seted up to box both sides promptly, and the two is put into the opening.
The garbage storage mechanism comprises a box body, a garbage storage mechanism, a control mechanism, a motor, a hollow cylinder, a bearing, a motor output shaft, a gear, a fixed shaft, a fixing shaft, a bearing and a garbage storage mechanism, wherein the control mechanism can be of a motor structure, the motor output shaft is connected with the gear, the bottom of the garbage storage mechanism is rotationally connected with the fixed shaft fixed in the box body, the garbage storage mechanism is wrapped outside the fixed shaft through the hollow cylinder, the bearing is arranged between the hollow cylinder and the fixed shaft, the garbage storage mechanism can rotate by taking the.
The garbage placing mechanism comprises a placing plate and an extending part which takes the placing plate as a bottom surface and extends upwards to form a placing area, the substance in the garbage placing mechanism can be output into the first containing box or the second containing box from two sides, and a draining plate is arranged on the placing plate at one end of the garbage placing mechanism close to the first containing box or the second containing box; one side of the laying plate positioned at one side of the draining plate extends to form a lead plate; the placing plate is downwards inclined towards one side of the draining plate; by adopting the structure, the garbage can be separated in a dry-wet mode, most of moisture is removed, and the problem that the bottom surface of a kitchen is served by a wolf is solved. The draining board is fixedly connected with the laying area. If the shelving board inclines towards one side of the draining board without any external force, draining can be automatically carried out.
The control mechanism comprises a pedal rod hinged to the bottom of the box body, a transmission rod hinged to the pedal rod, and a rotating rod hinged between the transmission rod and the bottom of the garbage placing mechanism, the bottom of the garbage placing mechanism is rotatably connected through a first rotating shaft fixed on the inner wall of the box body, the rotating rod is rotatably connected through a second rotating shaft fixed on the inner wall of the box body, the second rotating shaft comprises reinforcing parts which are integrally formed on the rotating part and located on two sides of the rotating part, the reinforcing parts are cross-shaped and used for preventing breakage, the rotating part is connected with the rotating rod through a bearing, the pedal rod rotates downwards to drive the transmission rod to move downwards, the rotating rod is pulled to rotate, the other end of the rotating rod is; the rotating rod is connected with the garbage placing mechanism through an extending piece, the extending piece is fixed at the bottom of the garbage placing mechanism, and the rotating rod is hinged with the other end of the extending piece; after moisture in the garbage passes through the draining board and drains moisture, the pedal rod is stepped downwards, so that the garbage placing mechanism deflects, the internal solid garbage is output to another containing box, and solid-liquid separation is completed.
Still include control system, including control module, control module control and be used for detecting the box periphery whether someone and the infrared module apart from the position, control module control and be used for detecting the ultrasonic wave module of the internal rubbish height of box, still including articulating the case lid at the box opening part, the motor control is controlled by control module to the opening of case lid, motor.
An infrared module: mainly used detects the peripheral whether someone of dustbin, if detects someone and is close to, in the distance of settlement, then infrared module and control module communicate, and control module control motor module carries out forward or the reversal to control opening and closing of dustbin lid. The infrared module comprises an infrared sensor, and when a human body passes through the infrared module, signals of the infrared sensor are triggered to change, so that the single chip microcomputer is triggered to start the motor to control the box cover to be opened.
An ultrasonic module: the height of rubbish in the mainly used detection dustbin, in the in-service use, the rubbish height that detects when detecting last time the dustbin lid and opening, after rubbish was put in at the user at every turn, the ultrasonic module all can the automatic measure rubbish height to upload the host computer through wireless module, be used for the height of rubbish in the each dustbin of real time monitoring. Temperature and humidity module: the temperature and humidity monitoring device is used for monitoring the temperature and humidity in the dustbin and preventing the phenomena of overhigh temperature in the dustbin in summer or open fire at the cigarette end and the like. A weighing module: the method is used for weighing recoverable garbage thrown by a user every time, and a reward mechanism is established because a set scene is a community user and main garbage is kitchen garbage, and a weighing sensor is set for weighing.
The control module adopts a single chip microcomputer, the STC 89C51 single chip microcomputer is adopted, the temperature and humidity modules adopt a temperature sensor and a humidity sensor for monitoring, the temperature and humidity modules are connected in the existing connection mode, the collected data are uploaded to a monitoring end through the existing communication module, for example, the property and the like are integrally monitored, and the communication module adopts the existing 4G module.
The ultrasonic module is fixedly arranged in the first containing box and the second containing box, and the ultrasonic transmitting head and the ultrasonic receiving head are respectively arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the containing box; the temperature and humidity module is a temperature and humidity sensor, the heavy module is a gravity sensor and is respectively arranged at the bottom of the first storage box and the bottom of the second storage box, and the infrared module is fixed on the outer surface of the box body.
In order to better understand the invention for those skilled in the art and to define the claimed scope more clearly, the invention will be described in detail below with respect to certain specific embodiments of the invention. It should be noted that the following description is only a few examples of the present invention, and the specific and direct descriptions of the related structures are only for the convenience of understanding the present invention, and the specific features do not naturally and directly limit the scope of the present invention. Conventional alternatives and substitutions made by those skilled in the art in light of the teachings of the present disclosure should be considered as within the scope of the present disclosure.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a kitchen garbage disposer, includes box (1), its characterized in that: the garbage shelving mechanism is arranged at the inlet of the box body (1), a first containing box (2) and a second containing box (3) are arranged on the box body (1) and on two sides of the garbage shelving mechanism respectively, and the garbage shelving mechanism is controlled by the control mechanism to enable the garbage shelving mechanism to incline leftwards or rightwards, so that substances in the garbage shelving mechanism enter the first containing box (2) or the second containing box (3).
2. The kitchen waste disposer of claim 1, wherein: the garbage placing mechanism comprises a placing plate (4) and an extension part which takes the placing plate (4) as a bottom surface and extends upwards so that a placing area (5) is formed, and the internal substance of the garbage placing mechanism can be output from two sides.
3. The kitchen waste disposer of claim 2, wherein: a draining plate (6) is arranged on the placing plate (4) close to one end of the first containing box (2) or the second containing box (3).
4. The kitchen waste disposer of claim 3, wherein: and a guide plate (7) extends from one side of the placement plate (4) positioned at one side of the draining plate (6).
5. The kitchen waste disposer of claim 3 or 4, wherein: the placing plate (4) is inclined downwards towards one side of the draining plate (6).
6. The kitchen waste disposer of claim 1, wherein: the control mechanism comprises a pedal rod (8) hinged to the bottom of the box body (1), a transmission rod (9) hinged to the pedal rod (8), and a rotary rod (10) hinged between the transmission rod (9) and the bottom of the garbage placing mechanism, wherein the bottom of the garbage placing mechanism is rotatably connected through a first rotary shaft (11) fixed to the inner wall of the box body (1), the rotary rod (10) is rotatably connected through a second rotary shaft (12) fixed to the inner wall of the box body (1), the pedal rod (8) rotates downwards to drive the transmission rod (9) to move downwards, the rotary rod (10) is pulled to rotate, the other end of the rotary rod (10) is lifted, one side of the garbage placing mechanism is lifted, and internal substances are output.
7. The kitchen waste disposer of claim 6, wherein: the rotating rod (10) is connected with the garbage placing mechanism through an extending piece (14), the extending piece (14) is fixed at the bottom of the garbage placing mechanism, and the rotating rod (10) is hinged with the other end of the extending piece (14).
8. The kitchen waste disposer of claim 1, wherein: still include control system, including control module (15), control and be used for detecting infrared module (16) whether someone and distance position around box (1) by control module (15) control, control and be used for detecting ultrasonic wave module (17) of rubbish height in box (1) by control module (15) control, still including articulating case lid (24) at box (1) opening part, the opening of case lid (24) is controlled by the motor, and the motor is controlled by control module (15).
9. The kitchen waste disposer of claim 8, wherein: the temperature and humidity control system further comprises a temperature and humidity module (21) which is electrically connected with the control module (15) and provides temperature and humidity information for the control module (15).
10. The kitchen waste disposer of claim 8 or 9, wherein: the weighing system also comprises a weighing module (22) which is electrically connected with the control module (15) and provides weight information for the control module (15).
CN201921821157.5U 2019-10-28 2019-10-28 Kitchen garbage processor Active CN211253899U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921821157.5U CN211253899U (en) 2019-10-28 2019-10-28 Kitchen garbage processor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921821157.5U CN211253899U (en) 2019-10-28 2019-10-28 Kitchen garbage processor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211253899U true CN211253899U (en) 2020-08-14

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921821157.5U Active CN211253899U (en) 2019-10-28 2019-10-28 Kitchen garbage processor

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110641877A (en) * 2019-10-28 2020-01-03 宁波财经学院 Kitchen garbage processor

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110641877A (en) * 2019-10-28 2020-01-03 宁波财经学院 Kitchen garbage processor

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