CN210597238U - Intelligent water surface floating garbage collection device - Google Patents

Intelligent water surface floating garbage collection device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210597238U
CN210597238U CN201921039711.4U CN201921039711U CN210597238U CN 210597238 U CN210597238 U CN 210597238U CN 201921039711 U CN201921039711 U CN 201921039711U CN 210597238 U CN210597238 U CN 210597238U
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platform
cavity
garbage
piston
garbage collection
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曹宇
龙振东
王家之
田卡
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Shanghai Ocean University
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Shanghai Ocean University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction

Abstract

The utility model discloses an intelligent surface of water floating garbage collection device, empty structure and controller including hull bearing structure, energy actuating system, piston reciprocating structure and refuse collection. The energy driving system comprises a wind power driving device and a light energy driving device, the light energy driving device provides operation power, the piston reciprocating structure is used for guiding water flow to be separated from garbage, and the wind power driving device is connected with the piston reciprocating structure. The garbage collection and dumping structure is used for dumping the separated garbage into the garbage collection frame. The utility model discloses can realize the filtration collection of rubbish and empting of rubbish automatically, the belt drive on more conventional ship type collection device has reduced the device volume greatly, realizes the flexibility and the miniaturization of device. The mode of combining wind power drive and light energy drive is adopted, so that the cleanness of the device energy is effectively realized, and the energy consumption is greatly reduced.

Description

Intelligent water surface floating garbage collection device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an intelligent surface of water floating garbage collection device especially indicates, a small-size unmanned surface of water floating garbage collection device and control method that can realize intelligent operation belongs to surface of water rubbish clearance technical field.
Background
With the dependence of people on plastic products, serious plastic floating garbage appears on the lake surface, river channel and even ocean area of numerous tourist attractions, which not only seriously affects the beautiful appearance of the environment, but also seriously threatens the survival of aquatic organisms due to the difficult degradation and the position characteristics of the plastic, thereby influencing the life and health of people. Therefore, how to remove the floating garbage on the water surface becomes a problem to be solved urgently in all countries of the world.
From the current garbage cleaning means, the domestic mainly depends on the form of manual salvage: the boat is driven manually, and the long bamboo rod net is carried for fishing. The mode mainly depends on manpower, and greatly increases the working intensity and potential safety hazard of workers due to the difficulty of overwater operation. From the view of the existing automated waste collection devices in various countries, there are mainly two forms: one is a ship-borne water pump mode, a bucket-shaped water pump is hung at the edge of a ship and is submerged below the water surface, water is enabled to have fluidity through pumping water, and then floating garbage is introduced into the water pump, so that the water surface garbage can be effectively collected, but the garbage collection cost and the energy consumption are greatly increased due to the fact that the water pump needs to be carried by the ship; the second is a catamaran structure, and the device comprises a garbage collection device, a garbage transportation device and a garbage disposal device as a whole, wherein the device transports the garbage from the water surface to the garbage collection device, a belt transmission mode with a little inclined installation is often adopted, the transmission mode is large in size due to large space occupation, and the device is particularly unsuitable for garbage treatment of small-range scenic lakes and rivers. Therefore, the development of an energy-saving, intelligent and small cleaning device for the water surface floating garbage is an effective means for dealing with the water surface environment management in the present society.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to solve the technical problem that an intelligent surface of water floating garbage collection device is provided, can effectively utilize wind energy and light energy as actuating system, realize the collection and the empting of rubbish.
In order to solve the above problem, the utility model discloses a technical scheme as follows:
an intelligent water surface floating garbage collecting device comprises a ship body supporting structure, an energy driving system, a piston reciprocating structure, a garbage collecting and dumping structure and a controller,
the hull supporting structure comprises a floater platform, an upper platform and a lower platform which are arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the floater platform, a signal receiving antenna is arranged on the upper platform,
the floater platform is provided with a cavity and a concave cavity as a water flow duct, the front end and the tail part of the floater platform are respectively provided with a rotating wheel driven by a first motor and a garbage collecting frame, a propeller driven by a second motor is arranged outside the floater platform, a second weight sensor is arranged in the garbage collecting frame,
the energy driving system comprises a wind power driving device and a light energy driving device which are arranged on an upper platform, the light energy driving device provides operation power for a ship body supporting structure, a piston reciprocating structure is arranged in a lower platform and used for guiding water flow to be separated from garbage, the wind power driving device is connected with the piston reciprocating structure,
the garbage collecting and dumping structure comprises a hollowed garbage collecting basket arranged in the lower cavity and 6 lead screws arranged between the upper platform and the lower platform, each lead screw is respectively controlled by a motor arranged at the corresponding position on the upper platform, the 6 lead screws are divided into a left group, a middle group and a right group, each group is divided into a front group and a rear group,
each screw rod is provided with a nut, a first weight sensor is arranged in the garbage collection basket, the garbage collection basket comprises a left basket body and a right basket body,
the left basket body and the right basket body are respectively connected between the nuts of two adjacent rows of screw rods, a round hole for the push rod to pass through is arranged between the two basket bodies, two limit switches are respectively arranged on each screw rod, the position of the limit switches at the upper ends of the three groups of screw rods is sequentially descended, the position of the limit switch at the lower end is in a V shape with a lower middle and two higher sides,
the controller is respectively connected with the light energy driving device, the first motor, the second motor, all motors for controlling the screw rod, the limit switch and the two weight sensors.
Above-mentioned intelligent surface of water floating garbage collection device, first motor work, the runner of float platform front end is with the leading-in lower recessed cavity as the rivers duct of rubbish, then during rivers flow into the piston reciprocating structure in the lower platform from rubbish collection basket, at this moment, the rubbish of floating in aqueous will stop in the rubbish basket. The wind power driving device drives the piston reciprocating structure to do reciprocating motion, and water entering the piston reciprocating structure is discharged. The initial position of the garbage collection basket is in a V shape. When a motor controlling the screw rod rotates reversely, the nut on the screw rod drives the left basket body and the right basket body to change positions and finally to be in a dumping state, and the garbage falls onto the garbage collection frame along the gravity factor. When the motor controlling the screw rod rotates forwards, the position of the garbage collecting basket is restored to the V shape in the initial state.
Further, the wind power driving device comprises a fan and a gear system, the gear system comprises a gear box and a gear rack structure, the gear box is arranged on the upper platform through a hollow upright post,
the rack and pinion structure includes the master gear with fan coaxial coupling, be located master gear both sides and rather than the bilateral spur rack of engaged with left driven gear, right driven gear and vertical installation in the cavity stand, the top of piston push rod passes through the coupling joint among bilateral spur rack and the piston reciprocating structure, left and right driven gear is coaxial arrangement respectively and has left and right sector gear, bilateral spur rack is located between left and right sector gear, and the certain angle that staggers of two sector gear's initial position, when the master gear rotated, two sector gear intermittent type nature and one side meshing of bilateral spur rack drive bilateral spur rack and carry out reciprocating motion,
the light energy driving device comprises a storage battery, a photovoltaic controller, a first motor, a second motor and a solar panel, wherein the storage battery, the photovoltaic controller, the first motor and the second motor are installed in the cavity, the solar panel is installed on the upper platform, the input end of the storage battery is sequentially connected with the photovoltaic controller and the solar panel, and the output end of the storage battery is connected with the controller located in the cavity.
Further, piston reciprocating structure contains piston cylinder, piston push rod, upper end cover and square platform, the piston cylinder is located the below of recessed cavity, upper end cover and piston cylinder fixed coordination, square platform setting just is hollow structure on the piston cylinder, first electromagnetism check valve is installed to the upper end cover, and the lateral wall of piston cylinder upper chamber passes through the pipeline and is connected with second electromagnetism check valve, and two electromagnetism check valves respectively are by different relay control, and the stopper is installed respectively to piston cylinder upper chamber lateral wall and piston cylinder bottom, and the piston cylinder lower chamber passes through the pipeline and is connected with the elasticity gasbag that sets up in the lower mounting plate, the bottom of lead screw is installed on square platform.
The principle of the reciprocating structure of the piston is that a piston push rod is driven by a double-side straight rack to move up and down, when the piston touches a limiting block on the side wall of an upper chamber, a first electromagnetic one-way valve is opened, water flow enters an upper chamber of a piston cylinder, and air in a lower chamber is compressed to enter an elastic air bag along with the downward movement of the piston push rod; when the piston touches the limiting block at the bottom, the second electromagnetic one-way valve is opened, the first electromagnetic one-way valve is closed, water flow starts to flow out from the pipeline connected with the side wall of the upper chamber, then the piston push rod moves upwards, the water flow above the piston is continuously cut off, and the gas of the elastic air bag enters the lower cavity. The continuous reciprocating motion realizes the continuous discharge of water flow.
Further, the floater platform comprises two long cylindrical cavity floaters which are symmetrically arranged, a square platform is arranged at the periphery of the middle section of each cavity floater, baffles and steel wire mesh baffles are respectively arranged at the front ends and the rear ends of the two cavity floaters, the cavities are positioned in the cavity floaters, the concave cavity is surrounded by the two cavity floaters, the baffles and the steel wire baffles,
the rotating wheel is positioned above the baffle, when the rotating wheel rotates, the water surface garbage is guided into the concave cavity, and when the rotating wheel stops rotating, the garbage in the concave cavity is prevented from overflowing.
Further, the runner includes the major axis, installs the long axle sleeve on the major axis and fixes three rectangle blade on the major axis cover is global along length direction, hull bearing structure's the biggest waterline is located the intermediate position when rectangle blade rotates to the top and is vertical state. By adopting the structure, when the rotating wheel rotates, the garbage at the outer side can be collected to the water flow duct area by a harvester method; when the rotating wheel stops rotating, the collected garbage can be prevented from flowing outwards.
Furthermore, the lower platform is of an inverted prismatic table structure and is composed of an upper plate with a circular opening in the middle, 4 side plates and a bottom plate, a cylindrical side wall is arranged at the center of the interior of the lower platform, the cylindrical side wall divides the space of the lower platform into a piston chamber for placing a piston cylinder and a sealing chamber located outside the piston chamber, an elastic air bag is located in the sealing chamber, and a balancing weight is filled in the sealing chamber.
Further, for the installation of convenient motor fixed with consolidate the upper mounting plate, the upper mounting plate comprises upper plate and 2 baffles of vertical rigid coupling in upper plate bottom both sides, the upper surface of upper plate sets gradually 3 groups according to left, well, right and is used for installing the motor boss of motor, 3 stands of rigid coupling respectively in every baffle outside, the column mouting is on the float platform.
Further, the garbage collecting frame is of a double-layer sleeving structure and comprises a hollow square outer box and a square inner box without an upper cover, the outer box is sleeved outside the inner box, a garbage introducing port is arranged on one side, close to the floater platform, of the top end of the outer box, the peripheries of the outer box and the inner box are all of hollow structures,
the second weight sensor is installed in the bottom of inner box, and the stopper is still installed to the inner box bottom, second weight sensor and stopper pass through the cladding of flexible anticorrosive coating.
To sum up, compare with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that:
1. the utility model discloses an intelligent surface of water floating garbage collection device can be automatically with surface of water top layer floating garbage automatic filtration in rubbish collection basket to can realize the filtration collection of rubbish and empting of rubbish automatically, the belt drive on more conventional ship type collection device says, has reduced the device volume greatly, realizes the flexibility and the miniaturization of device.
2. The energy driving system adopts a mode of combining wind power driving and light energy driving, effectively realizes the cleanness of device energy, adopts a driving structure combining a fan, a gear and rack structure and a piston reciprocating type, is similar to the principle of a pump, and greatly reduces the energy consumption.
3. The utility model discloses a control method is through intelligent collection rubbish, intelligent cruise and is returned a voyage, has realized unmanned operation.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model discloses intelligent surface of water floating garbage collection device's overall structure schematic diagram.
Figure 2a is the utility model discloses intelligent surface of water floating garbage collection device's top view.
Fig. 2b is a cross-sectional view taken along a-a of fig. 2 a.
Fig. 3a is a schematic structural diagram of the middle float platform 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 3b is a top view of fig. 3 a.
Fig. 3c is a schematic view of the internal structure of the long and middle cylindrical hollow float 11 of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the middle runner of the present invention.
Fig. 5a is a schematic structural view of the lower and middle platforms according to the present invention.
Fig. 5b is a schematic view of the internal structure of the lower and middle platforms according to the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of the upper and lower platforms of the present invention.
Fig. 7a is a schematic structural diagram of the wind power driving device of the present invention.
Fig. 7b is a schematic structural view of the wind driven device in which the fan is matched with the gear rack structure.
Fig. 7c is a top view of fig. 7 b. 671-left axis; 672-right axis.
Fig. 7d is a schematic view of the combination of the left (right) driven gear and the left (right) sector gear in the wind power driving device.
Fig. 8a is a schematic structural view of the garbage collecting basket of the present invention.
Fig. 8b is an assembly view of the garbage collecting basket of the present invention.
Fig. 8c is a schematic view of the garbage collecting basket in the garbage collecting state.
Fig. 8d is a schematic view of the garbage collecting basket in the garbage dumping state.
Fig. 9a is a schematic structural diagram of the reciprocating structure of the piston according to the present invention.
Fig. 9b is a perspective view of the reciprocating structure of the piston (inelastic airbag) in the present invention.
FIG. 10a is a schematic view of the outer box of the garbage collection frame.
Fig. 10b is a schematic view of the overall structure of the garbage collection frame.
Fig. 11a is a control schematic diagram of the reciprocating structure of the piston in the present invention.
Fig. 11b is a control schematic diagram of the middle garbage collecting and dumping structure of the present invention. Three sets of motors b are shown.
Fig. 11c is a control schematic diagram of the cruising and returning of the ship body supporting structure of the present invention. T2 is a comparator.
Figure 12 is a flow chart of the present invention. Three sets of motors b are shown.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the following drawings and specific embodiments. The objects, aspects and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following description. It should be understood that the described embodiments are presently preferred, but not all embodiments of the invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3c, an intelligent water surface floating garbage collecting device comprises a hull supporting structure, an energy driving system, a piston reciprocating structure 8, a garbage collecting and dumping structure 9 and a controller H.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2a, the hull support structure includes a floating platform 1, an upper platform 3 and a lower platform 2, which are mounted on the upper and lower ends of the floating platform 1, and a signal receiving antenna f2 is mounted on the upper platform 3.
As shown in fig. 3a, 3b, 3c, the main function of the floating platform 1 is to provide buoyancy support and instrument storage space for the whole device. The garbage collecting device is provided with a cavity A and a concave cavity B serving as a water flow duct, a runner 13 and a garbage collecting frame 10 which are driven by a first motor B1 are respectively arranged at the front end and the tail end of a floater platform 1, a propeller 17 driven by a second motor B2 is arranged outside the floater platform 1 to control the start and stop of the second motor B2, and the functions of advancing, retreating, turning and the like of the whole device are realized. A second weight sensor P2 (refer to fig. 10b) is installed in the garbage collection frame 10.
Preferably, the floater platform 1 comprises two long cylindrical cavity floaters 11 which are symmetrically arranged, a square platform 12 is arranged at the periphery of the middle section of each cavity floater 11, and the two square platforms can be connected through a connecting rod 15. The front ends and the rear ends of the two cavity floaters 11 are respectively provided with a baffle 14 and a steel wire mesh baffle 16, the cavity A is located in the cavity floaters 11, and the concave cavity B is formed by the two cavity floaters 11, the baffle 14 and the steel wire baffle 16 in a surrounding mode.
The rotating wheel 13 is positioned above the baffle 14, when the rotating wheel 13 rotates, the water surface garbage 7 is guided into the concave cavity B, and when the rotating wheel 13 stops rotating, the garbage in the concave cavity B is prevented from overflowing. The cavity A can be divided into several cavities according to the condition, such as a front cavity, a middle cavity and a tail cavity, and is used for placing different devices or clump weights. Referring to fig. 4, the rotor 13 preferably includes a long shaft 131, a long shaft sleeve 132 installed on the long shaft, and three rectangular blades 133 fixed to the circumference of the long shaft sleeve 132 in the length direction, and the maximum water line of the hull support structure is located at an intermediate position when the rectangular blades 133 are rotated to the upper side in a vertical state. When the rotating wheel 13 rotates, the garbage at the outer side can be collected into the concave cavity B serving as a water flow duct; when the turning wheel 13 stops rotating, the garbage can be prevented from flowing outwards.
The energy driving system comprises a wind power driving device 5 and a light energy driving device 4, the light energy driving device 4 provides operation power for the ship body supporting structure, the piston reciprocating structure is installed in the lower platform 2 and used for guiding water flow to be separated from garbage, and the wind power driving device 5 is connected with the piston push rod 82.
Combine fig. 8a, 8B, 8c, 8d to show, garbage collection topples over the structure, including placing the rubbish collection basket 90 and the lead screw 91 of 6 installations between upper mounting plate 3 and lower mounting plate 2 of the fretwork in recessed cavity B, 6 lead screws divide into left, middle, right three groups, and every group is preceding, back two, corresponds each lead screw department on the upper mounting plate 3 and installs motor B for the operation of each lead screw 91 of control.
Each screw 91 is provided with a nut 92, a first weight sensor P1 is arranged in the garbage collection basket 9, and the garbage collection basket 90 comprises a half-i-shaped left basket body 90a and a half-i-shaped right basket body 90 b.
The top angles of the left and right basket bodies are respectively connected between the nuts 92 of two adjacent rows of screw rods, the four top angles at the bottoms of the two basket bodies are respectively connected on the nuts 92, a round hole 6c for the push rod 82 to pass is formed between the two basket bodies, and two limit blocks S are respectively arranged on each screw rod 91On the upper part、SLower partAnd the mounting positions of the limiting blocks on the front and rear screw rods of each group are consistent in height. Limiting block S with three groups of lead screws positioned at upper end from left to rightOn the upper partThe inclined plane is gradually descended, and a limited block S is positioned at the lower endLower partThe position of the (B) is in a V shape with a lower middle and two higher sides.
Preferably, the left basket body 90a and the right basket body 90b are both formed by two hollow baskets 901 with half-i-shaped structures, wherein guide rods 902 are arranged on two sides of the bottom of one hollow basket, guide rod grooves 903 matched with the guide rods 902 are arranged on two sides of the bottom of the other hollow basket, the length of each guide rod 902 is consistent with that of each guide rod groove 903, and when the hollow baskets 901 change in angle along with the operation of a screw rod, the guide rods 902 move along the guide rod grooves 903.
The controller H is respectively connected with the light energy driving device 4, the first motor b1, the second motor b2, all motors b for controlling the screw rod, the limit switch S and the two weight sensors P1 and P2.
With reference to fig. 1, 2a and 3c, the light energy driving device 4 includes a storage battery c, a photovoltaic controller e, a first motor b1, a second motor b2 and a solar panel 4a mounted on the upper platform 3, the storage battery c is mounted in the cavity a, an input end of the storage battery c is connected to the photovoltaic controller e and the solar panel 4a in sequence, and an output end of the storage battery c is connected to the controller H located in the cavity a. A balancing weight 27 can be placed in the cavity A according to the condition.
With reference to fig. 7a-7d, the wind driven device 5 comprises a fan 50 and a gear system 6, the gear system 6 comprising a gear box 62 and a rack and pinion arrangement located within the gear box 62, the gear box 62 being mounted on the upper platform 3 by a hollow upright 63.
The rack-and-pinion structure comprises a main gear 64 coaxially connected with the fan 50, a left driven gear 641 and a right driven gear 642 positioned at two sides of the main gear 64 and meshed with the main gear 64, and a double-sided spur rack 66 vertically installed in the hollow upright column 63. The left and right driven gears 641,642 are the same type as the main gear 64. The double-sided spur rack 66 is connected with the top end of the piston push rod 82 through a coupler 68. The left driven gear and the right driven gear are respectively and coaxially provided with a left sector gear 651 and a right sector gear 652. The double-sided spur rack 66 is positioned between the left and right sector gears, and the tooth profiles of both sides of the double-sided spur rack 66 are matched with the left and right sector gears 651 and 652.
The initial positions of the left and right sector gears are staggered by a certain angle, when the main gear 64 rotates, the two sector gears are intermittently meshed with one side of the double-sided spur rack 66, that is, only one side of the double-sided spur rack 66 is just meshed with one of the sector gears in the rotating process of the main gear 64, that is, when the left sector gear 651 and the double-sided spur rack 66 are in a meshed state, the right sector gear 652 is just separated from the double-sided spur rack 66. The left sector gear 651 and the right sector gear 652 move the bilateral rack 66 in opposite directions. The piston rod 82 is driven by the double-sided spur rack 66 to reciprocate.
Referring to fig. 5a and 5B, the lower platform 2 is an inverted frustum pyramid structure, and is composed of an upper plate 21 with a circular opening in the middle, 4 side plates 22 and a bottom plate 23, a cylindrical side wall 24 is arranged at the center of the interior of the lower platform, the cylindrical side wall 24 divides the interior space of the lower platform into a piston chamber B1 for placing the piston cylinder 81 and a sealing chamber B2 located outside the piston chamber B1, the elastic airbag 26 is located in the sealing chamber B2, the bottom of the sealing chamber B2 is filled with a balancing weight 27, and the elastic airbag 26 is filled with gas.
As shown in the combined figure 6, the upper platform 3 is composed of an upper plate 31 and 2 hollow baffles 33 vertically fixedly connected to two sides of the bottom of the upper plate 31, the upper plate 31 is hollow and used for reciprocating motion of a piston push rod 82, 3 groups of motor bosses 34 used for mounting a motor b are sequentially arranged on the upper surface of the upper plate according to the left, the middle and the right, the outer side of each baffle 33 is fixedly connected with 3 upright posts 32 respectively, and the upright posts are mounted on the floater platform 1.
Referring to fig. 9a, 9B and fig. 2B, the piston reciprocating structure includes a piston cylinder 81, a piston rod 82, an upper end cap 83 and a square platform 84, the piston cylinder 81 is located below the recessed cavity B, the upper end cap 83 is matched with the piston cylinder 81, the square platform 84 is arranged on the piston cylinder 81 and is of a hollow structure, the square platform 84 is high around and low in hollow part, and an inclined plane 842 extending towards the middle is arranged around, so that water flow can enter the piston cylinder 81. The upper end cover 83 is provided with a first electromagnetic check valve Q1, and is covered by a flexible waterproof film 86 for waterproofing. The side wall of the piston cylinder upper chamber is connected with a second electromagnetic check valve Q2 through a rigid pipeline 85, the two electromagnetic check valves are respectively controlled by different relays, a first limiting block S1 is installed on the side wall of the piston cylinder upper chamber, a second limiting block S2 is installed at the bottom of the piston cylinder, the piston cylinder lower chamber is connected with an elastic air bag 26 arranged in the lower platform 2 through a pipeline, and the bottom end of the lead screw is installed on a square platform 84. The height difference between the first limiting block S1 and the second limiting block S2 is the same as the height of the double-sided spur rack 66 in the gear box.
Referring to fig. 11a, a solenoid check valve Q1/a second solenoid check valve Q2 is controlled by the associated first relay KM 1/second relay KM2 by the piston touching the first stopper S1/second stopper S2.
The piston push rod 82 is driven by the double-sided straight rack 66 to move up and down, when the piston touches a second limiting block S2 on the side wall of the upper chamber, the first electromagnetic one-way valve Q1 is opened, water flow enters the upper chamber of the piston cylinder, and along with downward movement of the piston push rod 82, air in the lower chamber of the piston is compressed and enters the elastic air bag 26; when the piston touches the second limit block S2 at the bottom, the second electromagnetic one-way valve Q2 is opened, the first electromagnetic one-way valve Q1 is closed, water flow starts to flow out from the pipeline 85 connected with the side wall of the upper chamber, then the piston push rod 82 moves upwards, water flow above the piston is stopped, and meanwhile air in the elastic air bag 26 enters the lower cavity. The continuous reciprocating motion realizes the continuous discharge of water flow.
Referring to fig. 10a and 10b, the garbage collecting frame 10 is a double-layer sleeving structure and comprises a hollow square outer box 101 and a square inner box 102 without an upper cover, the outer box 101 is sleeved outside the inner box 102, a garbage introducing port 104 is arranged on one side, close to the floater platform 1, of the top end of the outer box 101, the peripheries of the outer box and the inner box are all hollow structures, the second weight sensor P2 is installed at the bottom of the inner box 102, a limiting block S is further arranged at the bottom of the inner box 102, and the second weight sensor P2 and the limiting block S are coated by a flexible anticorrosive film 103.
The control process of the intelligent water surface floating garbage collecting device comprises the following steps:
s1, a signal receiving antenna f1 reads the signal sent by the shore signal source f2 and transmits the signal to a controller H, the controller H plans a cruise circuit, a second motor b2 works according to a cruise command,
s2, the controller H sends out a working instruction, the first motor b1 works, the rotating wheel 13 is controlled to guide the water surface garbage into the garbage collection basket 9, the relay KM of each motor b is controlled to be electrified, each motor b rotates forwards, and when the nut 92 on the screw rod touches the limiting block S at the lower end of the screw rodLower partWhen the garbage collection basket 9 is in a V shape, all the motors b controlling the screw rods stop rotating, and the step S3 is executed;
s3, the controller H sends out a delayed electrifying instruction to control the relay KM of each motor b to be electrified in a delayed mode, then each motor b of the lead screw is controlled to rotate reversely, and when the nut 92 on the lead screw touches the limiting block S at the upper end of the lead screwOn the upper partWhen the garbage collection basket is started, the first motor b1 and each motor b stop rotating, the garbage collection basket 9 which is originally in a V shape is unfolded and is in a 'V' shape with the left high and the right low, the garbage in the basket falls into the garbage collection frame 10 under the action of gravity, the numerical value of the first gravity sensor P1 is zero, if the numerical value of the second gravity sensor P2 is smaller than a set threshold value, the step S2 is repeated, and if the numerical value of the second gravity sensor P2 reaches the set threshold valueIf the threshold value is fixed, the step S4 is executed;
s4, the second motor b2 reads the return route information and pushes the ship body supporting structure to return to the shore for garbage disposal.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustration of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and it is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and it is obvious that any person skilled in the art can easily conceive of alterations and modifications to obtain other embodiments based on the above embodiments, and these should be covered by the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an intelligent surface of water floating garbage collection device which characterized in that:
comprises a ship body supporting structure, an energy driving system, a piston reciprocating structure, a garbage collecting and dumping structure and a controller,
the hull supporting structure comprises a floater platform, an upper platform and a lower platform which are arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the floater platform, a signal receiving antenna is arranged on the upper platform,
the floater platform is provided with a cavity and a concave cavity as a water flow duct, the front end and the tail part of the floater platform are respectively provided with a rotating wheel driven by a first motor and a garbage collecting frame, a propeller driven by a second motor is arranged outside the floater platform, a second weight sensor is arranged in the garbage collecting frame,
the energy driving system comprises a wind power driving device and a light energy driving device which are arranged on an upper platform, the light energy driving device provides operation power for a ship body supporting structure, a piston reciprocating structure is arranged in a lower platform and used for guiding water flow to be separated from garbage, the wind power driving device is connected with the piston reciprocating structure,
the garbage collecting and dumping structure comprises a hollowed garbage collecting basket arranged in the lower cavity and 6 lead screws arranged between the upper platform and the lower platform, each lead screw is respectively controlled by a motor arranged at the corresponding position on the upper platform, the 6 lead screws are divided into a left group, a middle group and a right group, each group is divided into a front group and a rear group,
each screw rod is provided with a nut, a first weight sensor is arranged in the garbage collection basket, the garbage collection basket comprises a left basket body and a right basket body,
the left basket body and the right basket body are respectively connected between the nuts of two adjacent rows of screw rods, a round hole for the push rod to pass through is arranged between the two basket bodies, two limit switches are respectively arranged on each screw rod, the position of the limit switches at the upper ends of the three groups of screw rods is sequentially descended, the position of the limit switch at the lower end is in a V shape with a lower middle and two higher sides,
the controller is respectively connected with the light energy driving device, the first motor, the second motor, all motors for controlling the screw rod, the limit switch and the two weight sensors.
2. The intelligent water surface floating garbage collection device according to claim 1, wherein:
the wind power driving device comprises a fan and a gear system, the gear system comprises a gear box and a gear rack structure, the gear box is arranged on the upper platform through a hollow upright post,
the rack and pinion structure includes the master gear with fan coaxial coupling, be located master gear both sides and rather than the bilateral spur rack of engaged with left driven gear, right driven gear and vertical installation in the cavity stand, the top of piston push rod passes through the coupling joint among bilateral spur rack and the piston reciprocating structure, left and right driven gear is coaxial arrangement respectively and has left and right sector gear, bilateral spur rack is located between left and right sector gear, and the certain angle that staggers of two sector gear's initial position, when the master gear rotated, two sector gear intermittent type nature and one side meshing of bilateral spur rack drive bilateral spur rack and carry out reciprocating motion,
the light energy driving device comprises a storage battery, a photovoltaic controller, a first motor, a second motor and a solar panel, wherein the storage battery, the photovoltaic controller, the first motor and the second motor are installed in the cavity, the solar panel is installed on the upper platform, the input end of the storage battery is sequentially connected with the photovoltaic controller and the solar panel, and the output end of the storage battery is connected with the controller located in the cavity.
3. The intelligent water surface floating garbage collection device according to claim 1, wherein:
piston reciprocating structure contains piston cylinder, piston push rod, upper end cover and square platform, the piston cylinder is located the below of recessed cavity, upper end cover and piston cylinder fixed coordination, square platform setting just is hollow structure on the piston cylinder, first electromagnetism check valve is installed to the upper end cover, and the lateral wall of piston cylinder upper chamber passes through the pipeline and is connected with second electromagnetism check valve, and two electromagnetism check valves respectively are by the relay control of difference, and the stopper is installed respectively to piston cylinder upper chamber lateral wall and piston cylinder bottom, and the piston cylinder lower chamber passes through the pipeline and is connected with the elasticity gasbag that sets up in the platform down, the bottom of lead screw is installed at square bench.
4. The intelligent water surface floating garbage collection device according to claim 1, wherein:
the floater platform comprises two long cylindrical cavity floaters which are symmetrically arranged, a square platform is arranged at the periphery of the middle section of each cavity floater, baffles and steel wire mesh baffles are respectively arranged at the front ends and the rear ends of the two cavity floaters, the cavity is positioned in the cavity floaters, the concave cavity is formed by the two cavity floaters, the baffles and the steel wire baffles in a surrounding manner,
the rotating wheel is positioned above the baffle, when the rotating wheel rotates, the water surface garbage is guided into the concave cavity, and when the rotating wheel stops rotating, the garbage in the concave cavity is prevented from overflowing.
5. The intelligent water surface floating garbage collection device according to claim 4, wherein:
the runner includes the major axis, installs the long axle sleeve on the major axis and fixes three rectangle blade on the major axis cover is global along length direction, hull bearing structure's maximum waterline is located the intermediate position when rectangle blade rotates to the top and is vertical state.
6. The intelligent water surface floating garbage collection device according to claim 1, wherein:
the lower platform is of an inverted prismatic table structure and is composed of an upper plate with a circular opening in the middle, 4 side plates and a bottom plate, a cylindrical side wall is arranged at the center of the inner portion of the lower platform, the cylindrical side wall divides the space of the lower platform into a piston chamber for placing a piston cylinder and a sealing chamber located outside the piston chamber, an elastic air bag is located in the sealing chamber, and a balancing weight is filled in the sealing chamber.
7. The intelligent water surface floating garbage collection device according to claim 1, wherein:
the upper platform comprises upper plate and 2 baffles of vertical rigid coupling in upper plate bottom both sides, the upper surface of upper plate sets gradually 3 groups according to left, well, right and is used for installing the motor boss of motor, 3 stands of rigid coupling respectively in every baffle outside, the column mouting is on the float platform.
8. The intelligent water surface floating garbage collection device according to claim 1, wherein:
the garbage collecting frame is of a double-layer sleeving structure and comprises a hollow square outer box and a square inner box without an upper cover, the outer box is sleeved outside the inner box, a garbage introducing port is arranged on one side of the top end of the outer box, which is close to the floater platform, the peripheries of the outer box and the inner box are all hollow structures,
the second weight sensor is installed in the bottom of inner box, and the stopper is still installed to the inner box bottom, second weight sensor and stopper pass through the cladding of flexible anticorrosive coating.
CN201921039711.4U 2019-07-05 2019-07-05 Intelligent water surface floating garbage collection device Active CN210597238U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110306504A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-10-08 上海海洋大学 A kind of intelligence collection device for garbage floating on surface and control method
CN112921934A (en) * 2021-03-31 2021-06-08 苏州飞驰环保科技股份有限公司 Self-flowing intelligent fisher for floating objects on water surface and fishing method
CN114190321A (en) * 2021-12-22 2022-03-18 上海海洋大学 Floating garbage collection and automatic feeding intelligent robot for aquaculture
KR102438849B1 (en) * 2022-05-16 2022-09-02 이형태 Garbage collecting system using floating wind tubine structure

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110306504A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-10-08 上海海洋大学 A kind of intelligence collection device for garbage floating on surface and control method
CN112921934A (en) * 2021-03-31 2021-06-08 苏州飞驰环保科技股份有限公司 Self-flowing intelligent fisher for floating objects on water surface and fishing method
CN114190321A (en) * 2021-12-22 2022-03-18 上海海洋大学 Floating garbage collection and automatic feeding intelligent robot for aquaculture
CN114190321B (en) * 2021-12-22 2022-08-26 上海海洋大学 Floating garbage collection and automatic feeding intelligent robot for aquaculture
KR102438849B1 (en) * 2022-05-16 2022-09-02 이형태 Garbage collecting system using floating wind tubine structure

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