CN210281874U - Feeding and discharging system for chain wheel polishing - Google Patents

Feeding and discharging system for chain wheel polishing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210281874U
CN210281874U CN201920861480.9U CN201920861480U CN210281874U CN 210281874 U CN210281874 U CN 210281874U CN 201920861480 U CN201920861480 U CN 201920861480U CN 210281874 U CN210281874 U CN 210281874U
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China
Prior art keywords
moving
screw rod
guide rail
feeding
carrier
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CN201920861480.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王晨
曹永年
望军
谢殷郎
汪钟平
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Jiangshan Yongli Lily Industrial Co ltd
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Jiangshan Yongli Lily Industrial Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a sprocket polishing feeding and discharging system, which comprises a control system, a feeding system, a three-axis moving platform and a carrier for placing a workpiece, wherein the feeding system comprises a first guide rail fixed on a first frame, the first guide rail is connected with a plurality of moving platforms which are driven by a first motor to move axially along the first guide rail, and the carrier is detachably connected on the moving platforms; and the three-axis moving platform is provided with a clamping jaw for clamping a workpiece. The utility model discloses greatly reduced workman's intensity of labour, it is fast to go up the unloading, has effectively improved the efficiency of sprocket polishing.

Description

Feeding and discharging system for chain wheel polishing
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a feeding system, in particular to unloading system in sprocket polishing.
Background
A sprocket is a common mechanical part, and is widely used in bicycles, motorcycles, or other mechanical devices. During the production process of the chain wheel, the chain wheel needs to be ground and polished. In traditional production process, the sprocket need be sent into the polishing equipment of polishing through the mode of artifical transport with it, and the polishing is accomplished the back, needs the manual sprocket of accomplishing the polishing to take out, puts into the next batch sprocket polishing equipment of polishing again and polishes, and the mode speed of this kind of manual unloading is slow, intensity of labour is big, has reduced the efficiency of sprocket polishing.
For example chinese patent publication No. CN206047862U, utility model's name is a burnishing device suitable for sprocket, and this utility model is polishing when polishing and is polished the sprocket, need go up the unloading operation through artifical manual mode, and the mode speed of this kind of last unloading is slow, intensity of labour is big, has reduced the efficiency of sprocket polishing.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims at solving current sprocket and adopting the manual mode of going up the unloading when polishing, should go up unloading mode speed slow, intensity of labour is big, has reduced the problem of the efficiency of sprocket polishing, provides a sprocket polishing goes up unloading system, can replace the artifical last unloading operation of accomplishing the sprocket, and the material loading is fast, and low in labor strength has improved the efficiency of sprocket polishing.
The utility model aims at realizing through the following technical scheme: a sprocket polishing feeding and discharging system comprises a control system, a feeding system, a three-axis moving platform and a carrier for placing a workpiece, wherein the feeding system comprises a first guide rail fixed on a first frame, the first guide rail is connected with a plurality of moving platforms which move axially along the first guide rail under the drive of a first motor, and the carrier is detachably connected to the moving platforms; and the three-axis moving platform is provided with a clamping jaw for clamping a workpiece.
The utility model discloses in, feeding system, triaxial moving platform, clamping jaw all are connected with the control system electricity, and feeding system, triaxial moving platform, clamping jaw operate under control system's control. The clamping jaw moves along the X-axis direction, the Y-axis direction and the Z-axis direction under the driving of the three-axis moving platform, so that the clamping jaw can accurately move to the position of the workpiece and clamp the workpiece. The utility model discloses when using, the working process as follows: firstly, a worker places a workpiece (chain wheel) to be polished on a carrier, the carriers with the workpiece are respectively placed on a moving platform, then the moving platform can sequentially move to the lower sides of clamping jaws under the driving of a first motor, the clamping jaws respectively clamp the workpiece on the carrier and convey the workpiece to polishing equipment, the workpiece can be conveyed back to the carrier after polishing is completed, and then the next workpiece is clamped. When the workpieces on one carrier are completely polished, the moving platform can continue to move to enable the next carrier to be located below the clamping jaw, and the clamping jaw repeats the steps to clamp the workpieces on the next carrier in sequence. When the workpieces on all the carriers are completely polished, the carriers can return to the original positions under the driving of the first motor, the carriers with the polished workpieces are taken down by workers, the carriers with the polished workpieces are placed on the moving platform, and then the steps are repeated. The utility model discloses greatly reduced workman's intensity of labour, it is fast to go up the unloading, has effectively improved the efficiency of sprocket polishing.
Preferably, the feeding system further comprises a transmission rack fixed on the first frame, the transmission rack is parallel to the first guide rail, the first motor is fixed on one of the moving platforms, a transmission gear meshed with the transmission rack is arranged on the first motor, and two adjacent moving platforms are connected through a connecting rod. When the first motor rotates, the transmission gear is matched with the transmission rack, so that the moving platform moves axially along the first guide rail. Two adjacent moving platforms are connected through a connecting rod, and when one moving platform moves, the rest moving platforms can also move synchronously.
Preferably, the clamping jaw comprises a mounting plate connected with the three-axis moving platform, a second guide rail fixed on the mounting plate, a screw rod rotatably connected to the mounting plate and parallel to the second guide rail, and a second motor for driving the screw rod to rotate, wherein the second guide rail is connected with two moving plates in a sliding manner, the screw rod is parallel to the second guide rail, the two moving plates are respectively in transmission connection with the screw rod, and each moving plate is provided with a claw rod for clamping a workpiece; when the screw rod rotates, the two moving plates are close to each other or far away from each other. The motor drives the screw rod to rotate, the two movable plates are driven to be close to or away from each other when the screw rod rotates, the claw rods arranged on the two movable plates can also be close to or away from each other, and therefore clamping or loosening of the chain wheel can be achieved.
Preferably, a first belt pulley is arranged on an output shaft of the second motor, a second belt pulley is arranged at one end of the screw rod corresponding to the first belt pulley, and the first belt pulley is connected with the second belt pulley through a belt. The second motor and the screw rod are driven by a belt, and the transmission structure is simple and reliable. The second motor and the screw rod can also adopt the transmission form of gear transmission and chain transmission.
Preferably, the screw rod is provided with two sections of transmission threads with opposite rotation directions, the two sections of transmission threads are respectively in transmission connection with screw rod nuts, and the screw rod nuts are respectively and fixedly connected with the two moving plates. Because the screw rod is provided with two sections of transmission threads with opposite turning directions, when the screw rod rotates, the two screw rod nuts matched with the screw rod can move towards opposite directions simultaneously, namely, the two screw rod nuts are close to or away from each other, and because the moving plates are fixedly connected with the screw rod nuts, the two moving plates can also be close to or away from each other, so that the claw rods arranged on the two moving plates can be close to or away from each other, and the clamping or loosening of the workpiece can be realized.
Preferably, the carrier comprises a bottom plate, a plurality of positioning rods matched with the workpiece are arranged on the bottom plate, and hanging rings are arranged on two sides of the bottom plate. The positioning rod plays a positioning role for the workpiece, and the workpiece is sleeved on the positioning rod when being placed. The rings on the two sides of the bottom plate are convenient for hoisting and transferring the carrier.
Preferably, a positioning column is arranged on the moving platform, and a positioning sleeve matched with the positioning column is arranged on one side, facing the moving platform, of the carrier. When the carrier is placed on the moving platform, the positioning sleeve is connected with the positioning column, so that the carrier can be correctly placed on the moving platform.
Preferably, the positioning column is conical, and a conical hole matched with the positioning column is formed in the positioning sleeve. The positioning column is conical, so that the positioning precision is high, and the positioning column is conveniently butted with the positioning sleeve.
The utility model has the advantages that: the utility model discloses can replace the artifical unloading work of going up that accomplishes the work piece, greatly reduced workman's intensity of labour, and go up unloading fast, effectively improved the efficiency of sprocket polishing.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a feeding system.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the clamping jaw.
Fig. 5 is a schematic front view of the carrier.
Fig. 6 is a schematic diagram of a back structure of the carrier.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of the positioning post.
Fig. 8 is an enlarged view of a portion B in fig. 7.
In the figure: 1. the device comprises a first rack, a second rack, a third-axis moving platform, a third rack, a fourth rack, a fifth rack, a sixth rack, a seventh rack, a sixth rack, a seventh rack, a tenth rack, a seventh rack, a sixth rack, a seventh rack, a sixth rack, a fifth rack, a sixth rack, a seventh rack, a fifth rack, a sixth rack.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further described with reference to the following detailed description and accompanying drawings.
Example (b): as shown in fig. 1 to 8, a sprocket polishing loading and unloading system includes a second frame 2, a control system, a feeding system, a three-axis moving platform 3, a carrier 6 for placing a workpiece 22, a clamping jaw 4 for clamping the workpiece 22, and the carrier 6 for placing the workpiece 22. The feeding system, the three-axis moving platform and the clamping jaws are all electrically connected with the control system, and the feeding system, the three-axis moving platform 3 and the clamping jaws 4 operate under the control of the control system. The feeding system comprises a first machine frame 1, a first guide rail 5, a transmission rack 9, a first motor 10 and a plurality of moving platforms 7. The first guide rail 5 is fixed on the first frame 1. The driving rack 9 is fixed on one side of the first guide rail 5 and is parallel to the first guide rail 5. In this embodiment, two moving platforms 7 are provided. The moving platform 7 is a rectangular plate-shaped structure. The lower end surface of the movable platform 7 is provided with a first slide block 11. The moving platform 7 is slidably connected to the first guide rail 5 through a first slide block 11. The two moving platforms are connected through a connecting rod. The first motor 10 is fixed to one of the moving platforms 7. The first motor 10 is a reduction motor. The output shaft of the first motor 10 is provided with a transmission gear meshed with the transmission rack 9. Two positioning columns 8 are arranged on the upper end face of each moving platform 7. The positioning column 8 is conical. The positioning column 8 is of a hollow structure, and a guide hole in the vertical direction is formed in the upper end of the positioning column 8. A moving rod 27 is slidably connected in the guide hole. The moving rod 27 has a circular rod-shaped structure. The upper end of the moving rod 27 is provided with a pressing plate 28. The pressing plate 28 is a circular plate-shaped structure. The pressure plate 28 is located above the positioning column 8. A sliding rod 30 which is horizontally placed is arranged in the positioning column 8. The slide rod 30 is slidably connected to the slide blocks 31 at both sides thereof. The slide block 31 is connected with the bottom of the moving rod 27 through a connecting rod 29. The two ends of the connecting rod 29 are respectively hinged with the sliding block 31 and the lower end of the moving rod 27. One side of the sliding bar 30 is provided with a rack. The slider 31 is provided with a gear shaft 32. A gear 33 engaged with the rack is rotatably connected to the gear shaft 32. A spiral spring 34 is disposed between the gear 33 and the gear shaft 32.
The carriers 6 are respectively placed on the moving platforms 7. The carrier 6 comprises a base plate 23. The bottom plate 23 has a rectangular plate-like structure. The side of the bottom plate 23 facing the moving platform 7 is provided with a positioning sleeve 26 which is matched with the positioning column 8. And the positioning sleeve is provided with a conical hole matched with the positioning column. The side of the bottom plate 23 remote from the moving platform 7 is provided with a plurality of positioning rods 24 for positioning the workpiece 22. The positioning rod 24 is a round rod-shaped structure. The workpiece 22 is fitted over the positioning rod 24. Hanging rings 25 are arranged on two sides of the bottom plate 23.
The three-axis moving platform 3 is arranged on the second frame 2. In the present application, the three-axis moving platform 3 is a conventional one, and its structure can be referred to in patent application No. 201710445179.5, entitled three-axis assembly manipulator, filed 2017.06.13 and published in 2017.09.08. The clamping jaw 4 is arranged on the three-axis moving platform 3. The jaw 4 comprises a mounting plate 12. The mounting plate 12 is a rectangular plate-like structure. The upper end of the mounting plate 12 is connected with the three-axis moving platform 3. The lower end of the mounting plate 12 is provided with a second guide rail 13. Two moving plates 20 are slidably connected to the second guide rail 13. The moving plate 20 has a rectangular plate-like structure. The upper end of the moving plate 20 is provided with a second slider 14. The moving plate 20 is slidably coupled to the second guide rail 13 by a second slider 14. The lower end of the mounting plate 12 is rotatably connected with a screw rod 19. The screw 19 is parallel to the second guide rail 13. Two sections of transmission threads with opposite rotation directions are arranged on the screw rod 19. The two sections of transmission threads are respectively connected with a screw rod nut in a transmission way. The lead screw nuts are fixedly connected with the two moving plates 20 respectively. The mounting plate 12 is further provided with a second motor 15 for driving the screw rod 19 to rotate. A first belt pulley 16 is arranged on an output shaft of the second motor 15. One end of the screw rod 19 corresponding to the first belt pulley 16 is provided with a second belt pulley 17. The first pulley 16 is connected with the second pulley 17 through a belt 18. Two claw bars 21 are fixed to the lower end of each moving plate 20. The claw rod 21 is of a circular rod-shaped structure. The claw lever 21 is perpendicular to the moving plate 20. The lower end of each claw rod 21 is provided with an "L" -shaped claw head. The second motor 15 drives the screw rod 19 to rotate through the belt, when the screw rod rotates, the two screw rod nuts matched with the screw rod move towards opposite directions simultaneously, namely, the two screw rod nuts are close to or away from each other, and as the moving plate is fixedly connected with the screw rod nuts, the two moving plates are also close to or away from each other, so that the claw rods arranged on the two moving plates are close to or away from each other, and the clamping or loosening of the workpiece can be realized.
The utility model discloses in, feeding system, triaxial moving platform, clamping jaw all are connected with the control system electricity, and feeding system, triaxial moving platform, clamping jaw operate under control system's control. The clamping jaw moves along the X-axis direction, the Y-axis direction and the Z-axis direction under the driving of the three-axis moving platform, so that the clamping jaw can accurately move to the position of the workpiece and clamp the workpiece. The utility model discloses when using, the working process as follows: firstly, the worker places the workpiece (chain wheel) to be polished on the carrier, and places the carriers with the workpiece on the moving platform respectively, and when the carrier is placed, the positioning sleeve is connected with the positioning column, so that the carrier can be placed on the moving platform correctly. Then the moving platform can be driven by the first motor to sequentially move to the lower portion of the clamping jaws, the clamping jaws clamp the workpiece on the carrier respectively and convey the workpiece to the polishing equipment, the workpiece can be conveyed back to the carrier after polishing is completed, and then the next workpiece is clamped. When the workpieces on one carrier are completely polished, the moving platform can continue to move to enable the next carrier to be located below the clamping jaw, and the clamping jaw repeats the steps to clamp the workpieces on the next carrier in sequence. When the workpieces on all the carriers are completely polished, the carriers can return to the original positions under the driving of the first motor, the carriers with the polished workpieces are taken down by workers, the carriers with the polished workpieces are placed on the moving platform, and then the steps are repeated. The utility model discloses greatly reduced workman's intensity of labour, it is fast to go up the unloading, has effectively improved the efficiency of sprocket polishing. When the carrier was placed on moving platform, the carrier can cause certain impact to moving platform at the whereabouts in-process, and the reference column can play good cushioning effect to the carrier, and the principle of its buffering is as follows: when the carrier is placed on the moving platform, a positioning sleeve arranged on the carrier is in butt joint with a positioning column on the moving platform, the positioning sleeve can press the pressing plate downwards in the falling process of the carrier, the moving rod moves downwards along with the pressing plate in the pressing process of the pressing plate, and the bottom of the moving rod is connected with the sliding block through the connecting rod, so that the sliding block can move towards two ends of the sliding rod when the moving rod moves downwards; in the process of moving the sliding block, the gear rotates, and the spiral spring is tightened when the gear rotates, so that the moving resistance of the sliding block is increased, the falling speed of the carrier can be reduced, a certain buffering effect is realized on the carrier, and the impact between the carrier and the positioning column and between the carrier and the moving platform is reduced; when the carrier is taken down from the moving platform, the gear can move towards the center of the sliding rod under the action of the volute spiral spring, so that the moving rod is driven to ascend to the initial position.
Finally, it should be noted that: although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications and variations can be made in the embodiments or in part of the technical features of the embodiments without departing from the spirit and the principles of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a last unloading system of sprocket polishing, includes control system, its characterized in that: the feeding system comprises a first guide rail (5) fixed on the first rack (1), the first guide rail (5) is connected with a plurality of moving platforms (7) which move axially along the first guide rail (5) under the drive of a first motor (10), and the carrier (6) is detachably connected to the moving platforms (7); and a clamping jaw (4) used for clamping a workpiece (22) is arranged on the three-axis moving platform (3).
2. The sprocket polishing feeding and discharging system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the feeding system further comprises a transmission rack (9) fixed on the first frame (1), the transmission rack (9) is parallel to the first guide rail (5), the first motor (10) is fixed on one of the moving platforms (7), a transmission gear meshed with the transmission rack (9) is arranged on the first motor (10), and two adjacent moving platforms (7) are connected through a connecting rod.
3. The sprocket polishing loading and unloading system as recited in claim 1, wherein the clamping jaw (4) comprises a mounting plate (12) connected to the three-axis moving platform (3), a second guide rail (13) fixed on the mounting plate, a screw rod (19) rotatably connected to the mounting plate (12) and parallel to the second guide rail (13), and a second motor (15) for driving the screw rod (19) to rotate, wherein two moving plates (20) are slidably connected to the second guide rail, the screw rod (19) is parallel to the second guide rail (13), the two moving plates (20) are respectively in transmission connection with the screw rod (19), and each moving plate (20) is provided with a claw rod (21) for clamping a workpiece (22); when the screw rod (19) rotates, the two moving plates (20) approach to each other or move away from each other.
4. The sprocket polishing feeding and discharging system as claimed in claim 3, wherein a first belt pulley (16) is arranged on an output shaft of the second motor (15), a second belt pulley (17) is arranged at one end of the screw rod (19) corresponding to the first belt pulley (16), and the first belt pulley (16) is connected with the second belt pulley (17) through a belt (18).
5. The sprocket polishing feeding and discharging system as claimed in claim 3, wherein the screw rod (19) is provided with two sections of transmission threads with opposite rotation directions, the two sections of transmission threads are respectively connected with screw rod nuts in a transmission manner, and the screw rod nuts are respectively fixedly connected with the two moving plates (20).
6. The sprocket polishing loading and unloading system according to claim 1, wherein the carrier (6) comprises a bottom plate (23), a plurality of positioning rods (24) matched with the workpiece (22) are arranged on the bottom plate (23), and hanging rings (25) are arranged on two sides of the bottom plate (23).
7. The sprocket polishing loading and unloading system according to claim 1, wherein the moving platform (7) is provided with a positioning column (8), and one side of the carrier (6) facing the moving platform (7) is provided with a positioning sleeve (26) matched with the positioning column (8).
8. The sprocket polishing feeding and discharging system as recited in claim 7, wherein said positioning post (8) is conical, and said positioning sleeve (26) is provided with a conical hole matching with said positioning post (8).
CN201920861480.9U 2019-06-10 2019-06-10 Feeding and discharging system for chain wheel polishing Active CN210281874U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920861480.9U CN210281874U (en) 2019-06-10 2019-06-10 Feeding and discharging system for chain wheel polishing

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920861480.9U CN210281874U (en) 2019-06-10 2019-06-10 Feeding and discharging system for chain wheel polishing

Publications (1)

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CN210281874U true CN210281874U (en) 2020-04-10

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920861480.9U Active CN210281874U (en) 2019-06-10 2019-06-10 Feeding and discharging system for chain wheel polishing

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112680777A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-04-20 江苏徐工工程机械研究院有限公司 Blind cavity inner wall polishing device and method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112680777A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-04-20 江苏徐工工程机械研究院有限公司 Blind cavity inner wall polishing device and method

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