CN209527166U - A kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus - Google Patents

A kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209527166U
CN209527166U CN201822153988.1U CN201822153988U CN209527166U CN 209527166 U CN209527166 U CN 209527166U CN 201822153988 U CN201822153988 U CN 201822153988U CN 209527166 U CN209527166 U CN 209527166U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
pipeline
box
carbon dioxide
automatic irrigation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201822153988.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曹礼铭
李非露
黄玉梅
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zigong Jiaxin Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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Zigong Jiaxin Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201822153988.1U priority Critical patent/CN209527166U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN209527166U publication Critical patent/CN209527166U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatuses, including control system and spray irrigation system, the control system and spray irrigation system pass through wired or wireless connection, the spray irrigation system includes the raw water box for passing sequentially through pipeline connection, filter, metering pump, moisture electronic generator, fertilizer preparation tank, pipe-line mixer, anion generator, electrostatic generator, venturi mixer, further includes liquid fertilizer box and carbon dioxide tank.The utility model can convert subset for macromolecular mass water, sprinkler irrigation fertilization successively is carried out to crop by the fertiliser mixtures that anion generator, electrostatic generator and venturi mixer obtain the aerosol state with electrostatic, negative oxygen ion and carbon dioxide again, fertilizer can be evenly dispersed in small-micelle water, and then uniformly combined with water, to reach crops uniformly fully absorbing to fertilizer;The device can manually set its program in the controls, control program by remote operation, realize unattended.

Description

A kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of rainer, especially a kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus.
Background technique
When the nutrition needed for it cannot provide crop growth in soil, the benefit of artificial nutrient is carried out to crop The behavior filled is known as applying fertilizer.Increasing soil nutrient, no matter application of organic fertilizers material or inorganic fertilizer can increase soil nutrient.It is inorganic Fertilizer is mostly easy to dissolve, and except part is in addition to soil absorption protects storage after application, crop can absorb immediately.Traditional fertilizer apparatus It uses needs and artificially carries out operation sprinkling, service efficiency is very low, frequently results in the uneven of sprinkling, is not thorough, makes soil Earth cannot be comprehensively by the irrigation of fertilizer, and fertilizer also often causes concentration different due to not stirring, this is pole to crop growth Its is unfavorable.
During traditional irrigation and fertilising, peasant is generally first by broadcast application on the face of ridge, then by furrow or water channel The water of the inside pours in the place for spreading fertilizer over the fields fertilizer.Although this fertigation mode improves the effect of fertigation to a certain extent Rate, but there is also some drawbacks.Firstly, the fertilizer artificially spread fertilizer over the fields on the face of ridge is easy excessively, to be easy to cause to burn after watering Seedling;It is separately carried out secondly, this mode will apply fertilizer and irrigate, water and fertilizer utilization rate is substantially reduced, and fertilising precision is low, fertilizer Utilization rate only has 25%~30%, not only causes the significant wastage of fertilizer, but also serious pollution of ecological environment, increases labour Cost.
Therefore the popularization and application with high-efficiency water-saving sprinkler irrigation technique in field irrigation, fertilizer practice is also by traditional soil It applies fertilizer and changes to water-fertilizer integral direction.The Integration of Water into Fertilizer is substantially former generally by pipeline fertilizer practice reality Reason is that Jiang Shui and fertilizer mix according to a certain percentage, and liquid manure is sprayed near the root of field crops by certain power, Make crop be able to carry out the synchronous of liquid manure to absorb, to reduce the waste of liquid manure, have water-saving, save fertilizer, saving of labor, it is highly efficient and productive, Fast, the advantages that environmentally friendly.However (1) existing chemical fertilizer is usually solid during practical sprinkler irrigation fertilization, before fertigation, It needs to dissolve chemical fertilizer with a large amount of time, obtains chemical fertilizer concentrated solution;(2) in fertilising, fertilizer needs to be sufficiently submerged in soil, It can be only achieved preferable fertilization effect, and in sprinkler irrigation fertilization, some fertilizer solution is sprayed on crops, is led to not It is fully absorbed and causes to waste;(3) it can not achieve intelligent sprinkling irrigation, it can not be according to the variation of environment temperature, soil moisture etc. Automatic irrigation fertilising is carried out, is needed artificial on duty.
Utility model content
Purpose of the utility model is to solve unevenness of application in the prior art, it is unable to fully absorption and causes fertilizer The problem of waste, provides a kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus.
The technical scheme adopted by the utility model to solve the technical problem is as follows: a kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus, including Control system and spray irrigation system, the control system and spray irrigation system include by wired or wireless connection, the spray irrigation system It passes sequentially through the raw water box of pipeline connection, filter, metering pump, moisture electronic generator, fertilizer preparation tank, pipe-line mixer, bear Ion generator, electrostatic generator, venturi mixer, further include liquid fertilizer box and carbon dioxide tank, the liquid fertilizer box and fertilizer Expect that preparing tank is connected by pipeline, the carbon dioxide tank is connect with venturi mixer by pipeline.
Further, the carbon dioxide tank is connect with liquid fertilizer box by pipeline, and the liquid fertilizer box has three liquid in parallel Fertilizer box.
Further, the control system includes controller, temperature collection and soil moisture acquisition, the environment temperature The input terminal of the output end and controller of degree acquisition and soil moisture acquisition connects, the output end and spray irrigation system of the controller Connection.
Further, the input terminal of the output end and controller of the temperature collection and soil moisture acquisition electrically connects It connects.
Further, the liquid fertilizer upper box part is equipped with the liquid fertilizer for supplementing liquid fertilizer and mouth is added.
Further, the pipeline of the raw water box import is equipped with control valve.
Further, the pipeline between the liquid fertilizer box and fertilizer preparation tank is equipped with check valve and control valve.
Further, the pipeline between the carbon dioxide tank and venturi mixer is equipped with check valve and control valve.
Further, the pipeline of the outlet of the carbon dioxide tank, electrostatic generator and venturi mixer is equipped with stream Meter.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: a kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus of the utility model, moisture electronic generator Subset can be converted by macromolecular mass water to mix with liquid fertilizer again, then successively send out by anion generator, electrostatic Raw device and venturi mixer obtain the fertiliser mixtures of the aerosol state with electrostatic, negative oxygen ion and carbon dioxide to crop Sprinkler irrigation fertilization is carried out, fertilizer can be evenly dispersed in small-micelle water, and then is uniformly combined with water, to reach crops To uniformly fully absorbing for fertilizer;Negative oxygen ion in fertiliser mixtures not only improves fertilizer in conjunction with water, and is spraying Make to generate negative oxygen ion around crops in journey, to increase plant to the absorptivity of fertilizer;Mist containing carbon dioxide The fertiliser mixtures of state be not only beneficial to crops and had fully absorbed in different direction to fertilizer, but also improved the photosynthetic work of crops With, but also the pest on crop blade face can be killed, the crop irrigation being particularly suitable in greenhouse;The device can be in controller In manually set its program, by remote operation control program, realize it is unattended.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the utility model automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus;
In the figure, it is marked as 1- raw water box, 2- filter, 3- metering pump, 4- moisture electronic generator, 5- fertilizer preparation tank, 6- Mouth, 7- pipe-line mixer, 8- anion generator, 9- electrostatic generator, the mixing of 10- venturi is added in liquid fertilizer box, 61- liquid fertilizer Device, 11- carbon dioxide tank, 12- controller, 13- temperature collection, the acquisition of 14- soil moisture, 15- venturi mixer go out Mouthful.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As shown in Figure 1, the method for carrying out automatic irrigation fertilising using the automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus of utility model, big to certain Canopy carries out data acquisition, and the data acquisition includes temperature collection 13, soil moisture acquisition 14;Work as temperature collection 13 to environment temperature be 25~30 DEG C when, signal is passed into controller 12, controller 12 will be opened using wirelessly or non-wirelessly network Dynamic signal passes to spray irrigation system, controls starting step (a), i.e. the fertilising of starting automatic irrigation.It is arrived when soil moisture acquisition 14 When soil moisture is higher than 80%, step (a) is stopped using wirelessly or non-wirelessly control, i.e. the fertilising of stopping automatic irrigation;When soil is wet When the soil moisture that degree collects 14 is lower than 70%, using wirelessly or non-wirelessly starting step (a) is controlled, i.e. starting automatic irrigation is applied Fertilizer.I.e. this method can realize long-range control sprinkler irrigation fertilization, while can set the allocation ratio of raw water and fertilizer, set temperature value With humidity value, the setting sprinkling irrigation functions such as time interval, unattended automation control can be realized, it is advanced reliable, it reduces Influence of the human factor to sprinkler irrigation fertilization.
Automatic irrigation fertilising the following steps are included:
(a) solid particle polluter therein will be filtered to remove using filter 2 from the raw water of raw water box 1, then using meter Amount pump 3, which carries out being sent into moisture electronic generator 4 after metering pressurization, converts small-micelle water for macromolecular mass water;Raw water is taken from day Right water body or water storage water body, such as river, lake, pond or underground aquifers;The pH value of raw water in the step (a) is 6.5~7.5, temperature is 15~30 DEG C, resistance value is 10~15M Ω cm, control raw water box 1 in raw water liquid level be 1/2~ 2/3.In the range of pH value is 6.5~7.5, water quality is neutrality, will not destroy the fertilizer efficiency of liquid fertilizer, and meta-acid or meta-alkalescence Water can all destroy the fertilizer efficiency of fertilizer;Within the temperature range of 15~30 DEG C, the absorptivity of plant absorption fertilizer is best;It is electric herein In the range of resistance value is 10~15M Ω cm, water quality relatively pure water is conducive to electrostatic generator and generates electrostatic.
Raw water filtration is removed the solid particle polluter that partial size is greater than 120 μm by filter 2, if being greater than in water containing partial size 120 μm of granule foreign will affect subsequent water by macromolecular mass and be converted into subset, and then the mixing to subsequent water and fertilizer And crops are to the absorptivity of fertilizer.By filtered raw water selection metering pump be pressurized to pump discharge pressure be 0.35~ 0.4MPa, if 3 outlet pressure of metering pump is inadequate, the effect for generating misty fertilising is not achieved in venturi mixer 10.
Moisture electronic generator 4 is selected to convert small-micelle water, the small-micelle water for pressurized macromolecular mass water Molecular weight water be 48~51 hertz, be equivalent to the water that diameter is 1nm or so.Moisture electronic generator, that is, magnetizing water treatment device is The superelevation high-intensity magnetic field generated using high-strength magnetic material makes water mineral under the conditions of not changing water original chemical analysis Physical structure change.The originally macromolecular of association chain, fragments into single small molecule, and hydrone dipole moment occurs inclined Turn.Hydrone in water exists in the form that strand is rolled into a ball, and is concluded together between hydrone with hydrogen bond, small-micelle water is different from Macromolecular mass water, made of being concluded as 5-6 hydrone.The size detection means of the micel of water are nuclear magnetic resonance.Detected value Being is small-micelle water within 100 hertz, and 100 hertz the above are macromolecular mass water;Small-micelle water diameter can less than 0.5 nanometer Directly by the hydrophilic channel of cell, can directly absorb by cell, macromolecular mass water will be absorbed by intestinal wall film.Therefore will Macromolecular mass water is converted into the small-micelle water that molecular weight water is 48~51 hertz, and fertilizer and water can be made uniformly to combine, Finely dispersed fertilizer enters in crop body with the hydrophilic channel that subset directly passes through cell in raw water, is inhaled by cell It receives, reaches good fertilization effect.
(b) small-micelle water obtained in moisture electronic generator 4 is sent to fertilizer preparation tank 5 and the liquid from liquid fertilizer box 6 The mixing of body fertilizer enters pipe-line mixer 7 and mixed solution is allowed to be uniformly mixed, is then successively passed through anion generator 8 after mixing With electrostatic generator 9, it is molten to obtain the fertilizer that negative oxygen ion content is 800~1200/cubic centimetre, static content is 5~10mA Liquid;The volume ratio of step (b) small molecular group's water and liquid fertilizer is 8~10 ﹕ 1;Negative oxygen ion generator 8 generates negative There are two the effects of oxonium ion: first is that being conducive to the combination of fertilizer and raw water;Second is that generating surrounding plants not during spraying Absorption with the negative oxygen ion of concentration, conducive to plant to fertilizer.
(c) fertilizer solution that anion generator 8 comes out is sent to venturi mixer 10 and from carbon dioxide tank 11 Carbon dioxide gas carries out the fertiliser mixtures for being mixed to get aerosol state, and the outlet of venturi mixer 10 is connected with spray head Sprinkler to crop carry out sprinkler irrigation fertilization.Controlling venturi mixer and exporting 15 sprinkler irrigation fertilization pressure is 0.15~0.2MPa; The volume ratio of the fertilizer solution and carbon dioxide gas is 8~12 ﹕ 1.Because carbon dioxide is the gas of photosynthesis of plant Body, carbon dioxide is added in fertilizer solution obtains the fertiliser mixtures of aerosol state and be easier to be absorbed by corps leaf surface, for Crops additionally provide carbon dioxide while providing nutrient and moisture, and crops, plant etc. is made to reach optimal growth conditions.
Embodiment:
As shown in Figure 1, the automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus of the utility model, including control system and spray irrigation system, the control By cable network or wireless network connection, the spray irrigation system includes passing sequentially through what pipeline connected for system and spray irrigation system processed Raw water box 1, filter 2, metering pump 3, moisture electronic generator 4, fertilizer preparation tank 5, pipe-line mixer 7, anion generator 8, The pipeline of electrostatic generator 9, venturi mixer 10,1 import of raw water box is equipped with control valve;It further include three in parallel Liquid fertilizer box 6 and carbon dioxide tank 11, the liquid fertilizer box 6 are connect with fertilizer preparation tank 5 by pipeline, 6 top of liquid fertilizer box Mouth 61 is added equipped with the liquid fertilizer for supplementing liquid fertilizer;The carbon dioxide tank 11 and venturi mixer 10 is connected by pipeline It connects, the carbon dioxide tank 11 is connect with liquid fertilizer box 6 by pipeline, and the gas of the carbon dioxide in carbon dioxide tank 11 enters liquid Fertilizer box 6 adjusts the pressure of liquid fertilizer box 6, and liquid fertilizer box 6 is made liquid fertilizer to be input to fertilizer preparation in the case where not having to additionaling power Tank 5, and carbon dioxide will not impact the fertilizer efficiency of fertilizer.
The control system includes controller 12, temperature collection 13 and soil moisture acquisition 14, the environment temperature The input terminal of the output end and controller 12 of acquisition 13 and soil moisture acquisition 14 is electrically connected, the output end of the controller 12 It is connect with spray irrigation system, the outlet of venturi mixer 10 is connected with the sprinkler with spray head, for spraying to crops.
Pipeline between the liquid fertilizer box 6 and fertilizer preparation tank 5 is equipped with check valve and control valve, and the mesh of check valve is arranged Be to prevent the solution in fertilizer preparation tank 5 from flowing backward to liquid fertilizer box 6;Between the carbon dioxide tank 11 and venturi mixer 10 Pipeline be equipped with check valve and control valve, the purpose that check valve is arranged is to prevent the solution in venturi mixer 10 from flowing backward to Carbon dioxide tank 11;The pipeline of the outlet of the carbon dioxide tank 11, electrostatic generator 9 and venturi mixer 10 is equipped with stream Meter.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus, including control system and spray irrigation system, the control system and spray irrigation system pass through Wired or wireless connection, it is characterised in that: the spray irrigation system includes the raw water box for passing sequentially through pipeline connection, filter, meter Pump, moisture electronic generator, fertilizer preparation tank, pipe-line mixer, anion generator, electrostatic generator, venturi mixer are measured, It further include liquid fertilizer box and carbon dioxide tank, the liquid fertilizer box is connect with fertilizer preparation tank by pipeline, the carbon dioxide Tank is connect with venturi mixer by pipeline.
2. a kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the carbon dioxide tank and liquid fertilizer Case is connected by pipeline, and the liquid fertilizer box has three liquid fertilizer box in parallel.
3. a kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the control system includes control Device, temperature collection and soil moisture acquisition, the output end and controller of the temperature collection and soil moisture acquisition Input terminal connection, the output end of the controller connect with spray irrigation system.
4. a kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the temperature collection and soil The output end of earth humidity collection and the input terminal of controller are electrically connected.
5. a kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: the liquid fertilizer upper box part is set There is the liquid fertilizer for replenisher fertilizer that mouth is added.
6. a kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the pipeline of the raw water box import It is equipped with control valve.
7. a kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the liquid fertilizer box and fertilizer preparation Pipeline between tank is equipped with check valve and control valve.
8. a kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the carbon dioxide tank and Wen Qiu In pipeline between mixer be equipped with check valve and control valve.
9. a kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the carbon dioxide tank, electrostatic The pipeline of the outlet of generator and venturi mixer is equipped with flowmeter.
CN201822153988.1U 2018-12-20 2018-12-20 A kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus Expired - Fee Related CN209527166U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822153988.1U CN209527166U (en) 2018-12-20 2018-12-20 A kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822153988.1U CN209527166U (en) 2018-12-20 2018-12-20 A kind of automatic irrigation fertilizer apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209527166U true CN209527166U (en) 2019-10-25

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110692339A (en) * 2019-11-04 2020-01-17 胡伟峰 Intelligent agricultural water and fertilizer integrated irrigation system and irrigation method thereof
CN112352527A (en) * 2020-11-24 2021-02-12 昆明理工大学 A liquid manure preparation facilities for pseudo-ginseng growth

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110692339A (en) * 2019-11-04 2020-01-17 胡伟峰 Intelligent agricultural water and fertilizer integrated irrigation system and irrigation method thereof
CN112352527A (en) * 2020-11-24 2021-02-12 昆明理工大学 A liquid manure preparation facilities for pseudo-ginseng growth

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20191025

Termination date: 20211220

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee