CN209185018U - A kind of stirring fertilizer apparatus driven using water flow dynamic energy in pipeline - Google Patents

A kind of stirring fertilizer apparatus driven using water flow dynamic energy in pipeline Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209185018U
CN209185018U CN201821860076.1U CN201821860076U CN209185018U CN 209185018 U CN209185018 U CN 209185018U CN 201821860076 U CN201821860076 U CN 201821860076U CN 209185018 U CN209185018 U CN 209185018U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
inlet
fertilizing box
stirring
fertilising pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201821860076.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李娟�
张立成
章明清
李烨
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Institute of Soil and Fertilizer Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Original Assignee
Institute of Soil and Fertilizer Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Institute of Soil and Fertilizer Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Institute of Soil and Fertilizer Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN201821860076.1U priority Critical patent/CN209185018U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN209185018U publication Critical patent/CN209185018U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of stirring fertilizer apparatuses driven using water flow dynamic energy in pipeline, including water inlet, inlet regulating valve, fertilising pipe, watering tube, agitating device, fertilizing box, Venturi tube and liquid manure outlet, water inlet is mounted on the inlet of inlet regulating valve, one end of fertilising pipe and watering tube is connected with inlet regulating valve respectively, and the other end of fertilising pipe and watering tube is connected with liquid manure outlet;Agitating device includes water wheels, stirring blade and transmission shaft, and Venturi tube is set to fertilising pipe above and between water wheels and liquid manure outlet;Fertilizing box is located at the top of water wheels, and fertilizing box is connected with Venturi tube.Power resources of the utility model using built in pipeline water wheels as stirring fertilizer, enable water and fertilizer in fertilizing box to be sufficiently mixed;Meanwhile increasing Venturi tube in fertilising pipe, so that the liquid manure mixed liquor in fertilizing box is slowly entered aqueduct and uniformly spread to agricultural land soil, fertilising is uniform.

Description

A kind of stirring fertilizer apparatus driven using water flow dynamic energy in pipeline
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural fertilizer mechanized equipment technical fields, particularly, are related to water flow in a kind of application pipeline The stirring fertilizer apparatus of kinetic energy driving.
Background technique
Plant growth needs to absorb the mineral nutrient element in soil, and therefore, long-time, which is cultivated, to impoverish the soil, fertility Decline needs to supplement mineral nutrient element to soil for the sustainability production of cultivation, and common arbitrary way is fertilising.Agricultural Habitual fertilizing method is that solid granulates fertilizer is directly sprinkled upon upper soll layer in production, after dissolving fertilizer by natural rainfall Slowly infiltrate to for crop absorption utilization of plough horizon.Although natural rainfall can dissolve the fertility that fertilizer increases soil, Rain drop erosion topsoil is also easy to produce rainwash and takes away a large amount of fertilizer, can only be continuously increased fertilising to increase soil fertility Amount, runoff loss cause the effective rate of utilization of fertilizer low, and the fertilizer lost also will cause the eutrophication of rivers and lakes.
Currently, some fertilizer apparatuses are that fertilizer is directly dissolved in water tank, it then will be defeated by channel containing rich water in water tank It send into farmland.But rich water is contained by channel conveying, it is on the one hand excessively high and make fertilizer not at will cause farmland regional area fertility It can uniformly be diffused in farmland, another aspect water channel water delivery will cause a large amount of filter loss.There is also fertilizer for the molten fertilizer of water tank The defect that cannot sufficiently dissolve, because having some fertilizer needs to be sufficiently stirred can just be completely dissolved.In addition, some existing fertilisings Device is that the liquid manure liquid of higher concentration is applied to soil in a short time, this can make crop root that dehydration occur, and is caused The harm of " burn seedlings ".
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of stirring fertilizer apparatuses driven using water flow dynamic energy in pipeline, with solution Certainly existing fertilizer apparatus the problem of structure is complicated and needs additional kinetic energy stirring fertilizer.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides a kind of stirring fertilising dress driven using water flow dynamic energy in pipeline It sets, including water inlet, inlet regulating valve, fertilising pipe, watering tube, agitating device, fertilizing box, Venturi tube and liquid manure outlet, institute Stating inlet regulating valve is dual-channel valve, and the water inlet is mounted on the inlet of the inlet regulating valve, the fertilising pipe It is connected respectively with the first passage of the inlet regulating valve and second channel with one end of the watering tube, the fertilising pipe and institute The other end for stating watering tube is connected with liquid manure outlet;The agitating device includes the water being arranged in the fertilising pipe The transmission shaft of the stirring blade and the connection water wheels and stirring blade that take turns, are arranged in the fertilizing box, the Venturi tube The fertilising pipe is set to above and between the water wheels and liquid manure outlet;The fertilizing box is located at the upper of the water wheels Side, the fertilizing box are connected with the Venturi tube by fertilzer sucking pipe.In the structure setting, make water by twisting inlet regulating valve Flow direction fertilising pipe flowing, or water flow is made to flow directly into liquid manure outlet by watering tube, it can also be to the water flow of entire water inlet pipe Carry out a total control.
Further, the transmission shaft is free to rotate and hermetically through setting in fertilising pipe and the fertilizing box On, one end of the transmission shaft is fixedly connected with the water wheels, and the other end is detachably connected with the stirring blade.The structure is set In setting, water wheels are rotationally built in fertilising pipe and pass through encapsulation process to transmission shaft output kinetic energy.
Further, water wheels installation cavity is equipped in the fertilising pipe;The water wheels are equipped with several volution blades, wherein Centre is equipped with a drive hole, and the drive hole is matched with the transmission shaft.
Further, the water wheels are made of 3~5 volution blades;The stirring blade uses the plastics of high-strength light Blade.
Further, the Venturi tube includes entrance contraction section, middle circle pipeline section and outlet diffuser, the middle circle Pipeline section is equipped with inlet opening.
Further, the fertilizing box is columnar structured, and top, which is equipped with, throws fertile mouth, and side bottom is equipped with liquid outlet, It is connected between the liquid outlet and inlet opening by the fertilzer sucking pipe.In the structure setting, fertile mouth is thrown in the top setting of fertilizing box It is easy to use convenient for manually increasing fertilizer and water.
Further, the water inlet is the variable-diameter interface that can be matched with the water inlet pipe of plurality of specifications.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
(1), a kind of stirring fertilizer apparatus driven using water flow dynamic energy in pipeline of the utility model, including water inlet, Inlet regulating valve, fertilising pipe, watering tube, agitating device, fertilizing box, Venturi tube and liquid manure outlet, inlet regulating valve is bilateral Road valve, water inlet are mounted on the inlet of inlet regulating valve, fertilising pipe and watering tube one end respectively with inlet regulating valve It is connected, the other end of fertilising pipe and watering tube is connected with liquid manure outlet;Agitating device includes water wheels, stirring blade and transmission Axis, Venturi tube are set to fertilising pipe above and between water wheels and liquid manure outlets;Fertilizing box is located at the top of water wheels, fertilizing box with Venturi tube is connected by fertilzer sucking pipe.Power resources of the device using built in pipeline water wheels as stirring fertilizer, pass through transmission Water wheels power is passed to the stirring blade in fertilizing box by axis, so that the water in fertilizing box is sufficiently dissolved with fertilizer, is avoided applying fertilizer Excessive concentration is applied fertilizer in agricultural land soil subrange in the process;Meanwhile being convenient for using Venturi tube to fertilizer-sucting quantity and fertilising speed It is adjusted, may be implemented to be precisely controlled fertilising and the quantification operation of dose to crop.
(2), the stirring fertilizer apparatus of the utility model reduces workload of applying fertilizer in agricultural production process, mitigates fertilising Labor intensity.
(3), the stirring fertilizer apparatus of the utility model, simple structure low cost, fertilizing box scientific can be split, water inlet It for variable-diameter interface, can be cooperatively connected with the water inlet pipe of different tube diameters size, the utility model has wide applicability.
Other than objects, features and advantages described above, there are also other purposes, feature and excellent for the utility model Point.Below with reference to figure, the utility model is described in further detail.
Detailed description of the invention
The attached drawing constituted part of this application is used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, the utility model Illustrative embodiments and their description are not constituteed improper limits to the present invention for explaining the utility model.In attached drawing In:
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of stirring fertilizer apparatus driven using water flow dynamic energy in pipeline of the utility model Figure;
Wherein, 1, water inlet, 2, inlet regulating valve, 3, fertilising pipe, 4, watering tube, 5, agitating device, 5.1, water wheels, 5.2, Stirring blade, 5.3, transmission shaft, 6, fertilizing box, 6.1, the fertile mouth of throwing, 6.2, liquid outlet, 7, Venturi tube, 8, liquid manure outlet, 9, Fertilzer sucking pipe.
Specific embodiment
The embodiments of the present invention are described in detail below in conjunction with attached drawing, but the utility model can be according to power Benefit requires to limit and the multitude of different ways of covering is implemented.
Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of stirring fertilizer apparatus driven using water flow dynamic energy in pipeline of the utility model, including water inlet Mouth 1, inlet regulating valve 2, fertilising pipe 3, watering tube 4, agitating device 5, fertilizing box 6, Venturi tube 7 and liquid manure outlet 8;Wherein, Inlet regulating valve is the dual-channel valve of first passage and second channel, and water inlet is mounted on the inlet of inlet regulating valve, The first passage of one end inlet regulating valve of fertilising pipe is connected, one end of watering tube and the second channel phase of inlet regulating valve The other end of connection, fertilising pipe and watering tube is connected with liquid manure outlet.In use, water can be made by twisting inlet regulating valve Flow direction fertilising pipe flowing, or water flow is made to flow directly into liquid manure outlet by watering tube.
In the present embodiment, agitating device includes water wheels 5.1, stirring blade 5.2 and transmission shaft 5.3, is equipped in the pipe that applies fertilizer Water wheels installation cavity, in fertilising pipe, fertilizing box is located at the top of water wheels for water wheels setting, and stirring blade is arranged in fertilizing box 6.Tool Body, transmission shaft rotatably run through setting on fertilising pipe and fertilizing box, and transmission shaft and fertilising pipe and fertilizing box it Between be tightly connected respectively, one end of transmission shaft is fixedly connected with water wheels, and the other end is detachably connected with stirring blade.Preferably, Water wheels are equipped with 3 volution blades, and the center of water wheels is equipped with a drive hole for matching with transmission shaft, and transmission shaft is fixed It is plugged in the drive hole;Stirring blade is plastic blade.
In the present embodiment, Venturi tube is set to fertilising pipe above and between water wheels and liquid manure outlet;Venturi tube packet It includes entrance contraction section, middle circle pipeline section and outlet diffuser, middle circle pipeline section and is equipped with inlet opening.Fertilizing box is cylinder-shaped knot Structure, top, which is equipped with, throws fertile mouth 6.1, and side bottom is equipped with liquid outlet 6.2, passes through 9 phase of fertilzer sucking pipe between liquid outlet and inlet opening Even.In the structure setting, Venturi tube (venturi inhales fertile mouth) makes aperture generate negative pressure in such a way that variable diameter is handled, and negative pressure is made It will be in liquid manure liquid (fertilizer and suitable water mixed in fertilizing box, dissolve) sucking fertilising Guan Yuguan in fertilizing box under firmly Water flow (water come in from water inlet) mixing, further dilutes liquid manure liquid.In the structure, fertilizing box be it is columnar structured, should Structure, which makes liquid manure liquid easily form vortex under the stirring of stirring blade, makes fertilizer be easier to dissolve sufficiently.
In a kind of specific embodiment, water inlet is variable-diameter interface, can be matched with the water inlet pipe of plurality of specifications, Use scope is wide.
The inlet regulating valve of the stirring fertilizer apparatus of the utility model is connected with water inlet, and inlet regulating valve can control Water is flowed through from fertilising pipe carry solubilised state fertilizer after export and flow out from liquid manure, or from watering tube directly pass through after from liquid manure outlet stream Out.A built in pipeline water wheels are equipped in the stirring fertilizer apparatus, water wheels are rotated under the power effect of water flow, driven on water wheels Stirring blade rotation in square fertilizing box.Fertilizer and suitable quantity of water mix in fertilizing box, then fill under the agitation of stirring blade Divide dissolution.The liquid manure liquid in fertilizing box is connected with Venturi tube with fertilising pipe (hose), in the suction function of Venturi tube It is lauched solution and will flow slowly into pipeline and pipeline and flowed out after the further mixed diluting of water flow from water outlet.Venturi tube inspiration Fluid flow is smaller, therefore this stirring fertilizer apparatus can slowly dilute fertilizer in the duct to crop fertilization, Bu Huizao At agricultural land soil regional area concentration of fertilizer is excessively high and the feature of monolith agricultural land soil unevenness of application.After the completion of fertilising, pass through Inlet regulating valve, which is adjusted, flows out the water flow of water inlet along watering tube, can directly be irrigated to field.
For verify utility model device practical application effect, Fujian Province Agriculture InstituteSoil and Fertilizer Institute into Row experimental test.Test method is as follows: the water inlet of utility model device is connected with the water pump that a power is 700W, The specified water delivery flow 2L/s of water pump.The Chinese cabbage for being about experimental field 200 square metres for one piece of area, required application nitrogenous fertilizer 4kg.Examination It tests and pours into 4kg nitrogenous fertilizer in fertilizing box, and add 15L water in fertilizing box, start water pump, the water inlet for opening this fertilizer apparatus is adjusted Valve.Water flow reduces to 1.5L/s, divides to field fertilization 30 by the energy dissipating of water wheels and the depressurization of Venturi tube, water flow Liquid manure liquid after clock in fertilizing box all enters fertilising pipe from Venturi tube and flows to field, and fertilising is completed.Utility model device It using easy to operate, applies fertilizer convenient and quick, sufficiently, fertilizer is spread uniformly in the soil, fertilization effect for fertilizer dissolution in fertilizing box Preferably.
The above descriptions are merely preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the utility model, for this For the technical staff in field, various modifications and changes may be made to the present invention.It is all in the spirit and principles of the utility model Within, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should be included within the scope of protection of this utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of stirring fertilizer apparatus driven using water flow dynamic energy in pipeline, which is characterized in that including water inlet (1), water inlet Regulating valve (2), fertilising pipe (3), watering tube (4), agitating device (5), fertilizing box (6), Venturi tube (7) and liquid manure outlet (8), The inlet regulating valve is dual-channel valve, and the water inlet is mounted on the inlet of the inlet regulating valve, the fertilising Pipe and one end of the watering tube are connected with the first passage of the inlet regulating valve and second channel respectively, the fertilising manage with The other end of the watering tube is connected with liquid manure outlet;The agitating device includes the water being arranged in the fertilising pipe Take turns the transmission shaft of (5.1), the stirring blade (5.2) being arranged in the fertilizing box (6) and the connection water wheels and stirring blade (5.3), the Venturi tube is set to the fertilising pipe above and between the water wheels and liquid manure outlet;The fertilizing box Positioned at the top of the water wheels, the fertilizing box is connected with the Venturi tube by fertilzer sucking pipe (9).
2. stirring fertilizer apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the transmission shaft is free to rotate and hermetically Through setting on fertilising pipe and the fertilizing box, one end of the transmission shaft is fixedly connected with the water wheels, the other end It is detachably connected with the stirring blade.
3. stirring fertilizer apparatus according to claim 2, which is characterized in that be equipped with water wheels installation cavity in the fertilising pipe; The water wheels are equipped with several volution blades, and center is equipped with a drive hole, and the drive hole is matched with the transmission shaft.
4. stirring fertilizer apparatus according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the water wheels are by 3~5 volution blade groups At;The stirring blade is plastic blade.
5. stirring fertilizer apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the Venturi tube include entrance contraction section, Middle circle pipeline section and outlet diffuser, the middle circle pipeline section are equipped with inlet opening.
6. stirring fertilizer apparatus according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the fertilizing box is columnar structured, top Portion, which is equipped with, throws fertile mouth (6.1), and side bottom is equipped with liquid outlet (6.2), passes through the suction fertilizer between the liquid outlet and inlet opening Pipe is connected.
7. stirring fertilizer apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the water inlet be can with plurality of specifications into The variable-diameter interface that water pipe matches.
CN201821860076.1U 2018-11-13 2018-11-13 A kind of stirring fertilizer apparatus driven using water flow dynamic energy in pipeline Expired - Fee Related CN209185018U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821860076.1U CN209185018U (en) 2018-11-13 2018-11-13 A kind of stirring fertilizer apparatus driven using water flow dynamic energy in pipeline

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821860076.1U CN209185018U (en) 2018-11-13 2018-11-13 A kind of stirring fertilizer apparatus driven using water flow dynamic energy in pipeline

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209185018U true CN209185018U (en) 2019-08-02

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112544195A (en) * 2020-12-07 2021-03-26 海南龙宝农业设备有限公司 Venturi fertilizer applicator

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112544195A (en) * 2020-12-07 2021-03-26 海南龙宝农业设备有限公司 Venturi fertilizer applicator

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20190802

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