A kind of bottled formula slowly-releasing fertilizing method and fertilizing equipment
The present invention relates to Crops in Applying Fertilizer, irrigation technique field, particularly a kind of bottled formula slowly-releasing fertilizing method of water-fertilizer integral and fertilizing equipment.
In order to promote the growth of crops, people need to carry out supplementing of artificial nutritive element to the soil of crop growth or plant itself, namely apply fertilizer.Fertilising should take into account the yield and quality of crop, is conceived to land used with increasing soil fertility combine, and prevents soil pollution, note fertilizer economic benefit and reduce agriculture this.
Fertilizer can be divided into base manure, seed manure and topdress.The application process that base manure often adopts broadcast application, row replacement, layer by layer manuring etc. different.Seed-fertilizer applying with there being seed dressing, soak seed, dip the seedling root in, lid seed manure etc.Fertilizing type mainly contain spread fertilizer over the fields, circulating application and spraying.It is more that fertilizer is placed on the fertilization mode also covered around crop root, should be noted that fertilizer can not directly encounter root, stem in fertilising.The fertilization mode in current China's most area orchard is based on filling type, fertilising is an ass work, rule of thumb need 3 adult's continuous operations 6 ~ 7 hours in one mu of orchard, institute's fertilise majority is granular solid-state fertilizer, and the assimilation effect of fruit tree is poor, fertilising efficiency is low.
In conjunction with sprinkling irrigation, fertigation saving of labor, economize fertile, effective, but need relevant device, investment is comparatively large, also has most of farmland to realize in China.In irrigation field, the water efficiency of irrigation of slight irrigation can reach more than 90%, therefore micro irrigation technology obtains very fast development in China, modern micro irrigation technology can realize irrigating the institutional operation with fertilising, need to inject fertilizer in the pressure pipeline of irrigation system, conventional fertilizer-injecting device has the fertile pump of pressure differential tank, Development of Venturi Fertilizer Applicator and note etc., but these devices some have that facility is huge, operation inconvenience, waste be serious, some not easily regulates, the shortcoming such as irregular of applying fertilizer.
At present, for corn, Chinese sorghum contour stalk plant crop cave formula is topdressed and is mainly adopted manual mode and half mechanical type, two kinds of modes, manual mode is mainly with the manual broadcast application of manpower, this manpower manual broadcast application mode fertilizer placement is inaccurate, waste fertilizer, labour intensity is large, half mechanical type is divided into fertilizing by injection and caving & fertilizing two kinds, although fertilizing by injection and caving & fertilizing reach the object of cave formula deep-topdressing, but inefficiency, be only suitable for small size operation, corn field can not be met, the fertilising operation in sorghum field, divided by outside upper type fertilising, also useful sower carries out topdressing, sower is utilized to apply fertilizer, although efficiency is high, but do not reach the object of cave formula deep-topdressing, and fertilizer waste is large.
Existing forest fertilization mode adopts artificial ditching broadcast application mode, work heavy, inefficiency, and mechanical ditching-fertilizing mode causes certain damage to fine-root, the fertilizer executed in ditch fully cannot be absorbed by fruit tree root, thus cause the waste of fertilizer, and the balanced relation of fine-root absorption moisture and transpiration also can be destroyed, unfavorable to the growth of forest.
Researched and developed now multiple fertilizer distributor, but much fruit tree, forest land, farmland are not suitable for mechanization and move, fertilizer distributor uses inconvenient.Along with the progressively promotion of the policies such as State owned land circulation, agricultural constantly advances towards modernization, and along with the continuous rising of labor cost, developing modern agriculture is badly in need of increasing production, laborsaving, efficient fertilizing method and fertilizing equipment.
Summary of the invention
Current filling type solid labor of fertilizer application intensity is large, fertilising efficiency is low, fertilizer efficiency absorption difference; Sprinkling irrigation, fertigation need relevant device, investment is comparatively large and some facility of fertilizer-injecting device is huge, operation inconvenience, waste are serious, and some not easily regulates, it is irregular to apply fertilizer; A lot of fertilizer distributor exists and limits by farmland field condition, is not suitable for that mechanization is moved, fertilizer distributor uses inconvenience.
For solving in existing Crops in Applying Fertilizer the above problem existed, the present invention's research provides a kind of can be applied to Crops in Applying Fertilizer, the bottled formula slowly-releasing fertilizing method of water-fertilizer integral of irrigation and fertilizing equipment easily.Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Primarily of bottle and the long taper fertilizing equipment composition inserted in earth of dress liquid fertilizer, long taper fertilizing equipment is with multiple fluid hole, bottle one end is the liquid outlet being threaded bottle cap, one end is the blow vent opened wide with relatively little screw cap in addition, the bottle of use fashionable dress liquid fertilizer and long taper fertilizing equipment are to be threaded, the connector of bottle and long taper fertilizing equipment is inverted and inserts in earth and plug steady, then the bottle cap of bottle blow vent is unclamped, when bottle upper end blow vent communicates with air, the in-built liquid fertilizer of bottle by long taper fertilizing equipment with multiple fluid holes slowly naturally infiltrate in earth, complete fertilising, said long taper fertilizing equipment with multiple fluid holes can be circular, square, triangle, rectangular, prismatic or ellipse, long taper fertilizing equipment one end is threaded the similar bottle cap of formula, export with the bottle of dress liquid fertilizer and match, be convenient to long taper fertilizing equipment can be directly installed on bottle, also can separate with bottle and deposit and transport, change the conventional bottle cap on bottle before use, the length of long taper fertilizing equipment conical section can make the different specification of various length between 2 centimetres to 1 meter as required, the bottle of said dress liquid fertilizer can make garden cylindricality, rectangular shaped post shape or the tetragonal prism bodily form, the specification that various width between 5 centimetres to 1 meter are different can be made as required, and the different specification of various length between 5 centimetres to 2 meters can be made.
The present invention compared with prior art, has following beneficial effect:
The present invention adopts bottled formula slowly-releasing fertilizing equipment to carry out water-fertilizer integral fertilising to crops, irrigate, the connector of bottle and long taper fertilizing equipment is inverted in insertion earth, the in-built liquid fertilizer of bottle by long taper fertilizing equipment with multiple fluid holes slowly infiltrate in earth naturally to complete fertilising, do not need artificial nurse, simple to operate, alleviate the labour intensity of fertilising personnel, fertilising evenly, different pore size specification can be selected slowly to infiltrate to control liquid fertilizer, fertilizer efficiency availability is very high, fertilizing equipment can repeatedly use, fertilising cost is low, easy to use and flexible, field of employment is wide, applicable fruit tree and other multiple farmlands, liquid fertilizer is easily fully absorbed by plant, fertilizer not easily runs off, do not pollute the environment, soil is not easily hardening, harden, fertilising precisely, injury can not be produced to plant.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing is the structural representation of a kind of bottled formula slowly-releasing fertilizing equipment of the present invention.
Mark in figure: 1 bottle top liquid outlet, 2 bottles, 3 bottle body bottom concave panels, 4 bottle blow vents, 5 taper fertilizer applicator threaded caps, 6 taper fertilizer applicators, 7 taper fertilizer applicator fluid holes.
Make further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing to implementation step of the present invention to illustrate, be beneficial to the understanding the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearly understood.What be necessary to herein means out is; embodiment described is below only for further illustrating of carrying out the present invention; can not be interpreted as limiting the scope of the invention, the person skilled in the art in this field can make some nonessential improvement and adjustment according to the invention described above content:
The present invention forms with the long taper fertilizing equipment 6 that can insert in earth primarily of the bottle 2 of dress liquid fertilizer, before using, the bottle of dress liquid fertilizer is just put, namely one end of bottle top liquid outlet 1 upward, the bottle cap of bottle top liquid outlet 1 is unscrewed screw thread take off, replace, to dock with taper fertilizer applicator threaded cap 5, long taper fertilizing equipment 6 is loaded onto bottle, bottle 2 and long taper fertilizing equipment 6 connect rear inversion and insert in the required earth applied fertilizer and plug steady, then by inverted bottle body bottom concave panel 3 with the bottle cap of bottle blow vent 4 unscrew, the liquid fertilizer of dress inside bottle 2 is communicated with air by blow vent, keep pressure of the inside of a bottle balance, to avoid because produce negative pressure when liquid fertilizer progressively oozes out, under the effect of liquid fertilizer self gravitation, the in-built liquid fertilizer of bottle 2 by long taper fertilizing equipment 6 with multiple taper fertilizer applicator fluid holes 7 slowly naturally in infiltration earth, complete fertilising.
Long taper fertilizing equipment one end is threaded the similar bottle cap of formula, exporting with the bottle of dress liquid fertilizer is match, long taper fertilizing equipment can be directly installed on bottle, also can separate with bottle and deposit and transport, changes the conventional bottle cap on bottle before use.