CN108450306A - Terraced fields automatic irrigation system - Google Patents

Terraced fields automatic irrigation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108450306A
CN108450306A CN201810516027.4A CN201810516027A CN108450306A CN 108450306 A CN108450306 A CN 108450306A CN 201810516027 A CN201810516027 A CN 201810516027A CN 108450306 A CN108450306 A CN 108450306A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
terraced fields
water
irrigation
tank
crop
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810516027.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李超超
徐敏
李娟�
吴星
董启兴
杨佳豪
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ningxia University
Original Assignee
Ningxia University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ningxia University filed Critical Ningxia University
Priority to CN201810516027.4A priority Critical patent/CN108450306A/en
Publication of CN108450306A publication Critical patent/CN108450306A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G29/00Root feeders; Injecting fertilisers into the roots
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/167Control by humidity of the soil itself or of devices simulating soil or of the atmosphere; Soil humidity sensors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0003Atomisers or mist blowers
    • A01M7/0014Field atomisers, e.g. orchard atomisers, self-propelled, drawn or tractor-mounted
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F33/00Other mixers; Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers
    • B01F33/80Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers
    • B01F33/81Combinations of similar mixers, e.g. with rotary stirring devices in two or more receptacles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

A kind of terraced fields automatic irrigation system, including irrigation rig, fertilizer apparatus, the chemical spraying device that the collecting-tank below minimum level-one terraced fields is arranged and is arranged on terraced fields at different levels, water in collecting-tank is delivered to the irrigation rig on terraced fields highest level terraced fields by the water pump of the pool side that catchments setting by water-supply-pipe, irrigation rig on terraced fields at different levels is sequentially communicated by water supply pipe, so that the water in the irrigation rig being delivered on terraced fields at the highest level can be assigned to the irrigation rig on terraced fields at different levels, chemical spraying device and fertilizer apparatus are separately positioned on irrigation rig both sides.The present invention can be by moisture conveying to crop root, reduce the evaporation of moisture, water resource is saved, fertilizer apparatus can provide growth required nutrient for crop, the sliding rail activity that the spraying mechanism of chemical spraying device can be arranged along holder, to make motion along the long axis of the spraying mechanism along terraced fields, so that pesticide is uniformly sprayed onto on crop.

Description

Terraced fields automatic irrigation system
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural irrigation technology more particularly to a kind of terraced fields automatic irrigation systems.
Background technology
Terraced fields are a kind of Land-Uses efficiently using mountain planting crop, non-usually in the uniform area of rainfall See, but dry and wet season clearly demarcated mountain area be but difficult to promote, the cultivation of crops is too by rainwater condition system in the terraced fields of highlands About, a rainwater part for rainy weather landing has irrigated soil, also greatly evaporates and scatters and disappears.Once long without rainwater, just It can only lean on crops just can only be arid lethal so that the harvest of crops has great unstability, in order to ensure crop just It is frequently grown, obtains stable high yield, it is necessary to supply crop with sufficient moisture.
Invention content
It adequate water is provided, saves water resource in view of this, crop can be stabilized to it is necessary to provide one kind, irrigate, apply The terraced fields automatic irrigation system that fertilizer, dispenser can be carried out at the same time.
A kind of terraced fields automatic irrigation system, including the collecting-tank below minimum level-one terraced fields is set and is arranged in ladders at different levels The water pump of irrigation rig, fertilizer apparatus, chemical spraying device on field, the pool side that catchments setting is defeated by water-supply-pipe by the water in collecting-tank It sending to the irrigation rig on terraced fields highest level terraced fields, the irrigation rig on terraced fields at different levels is sequentially communicated by water supply pipe, so that The water in irrigation rig being delivered on terraced fields at the highest level can be assigned to the irrigation rig on terraced fields at different levels, chemical spraying device and Fertilizer apparatus is separately positioned on irrigation rig both sides, and the irrigation rig includes water tank, irrigation water main pipeline, at least two drops Pipeline is filled, water tank is arranged in terraced fields raised path through fields side, and irrigation water main pipeline is connected to water storage pot bottom, at least two droping irrigating pipes It is connected to irrigation water main pipeline, the water to need crop is transported to crop root by least two droping irrigating pipes, described Fertilizer apparatus includes agitator tank and the mixed organization that is arranged in agitator tank being arranged in water tank side, is passed through at the top of agitator tank Connecting tube is connected to water tank, and bottom is connected to by connecting tube with irrigation water main pipeline, and fertilizer adding mouth is arranged at the top of agitator tank, Fertilizer adding mouth is provided with movable flashboard far from the lower section at the top of agitator tank, and mixed organization is used to stir the fertilizer being added, dissolving Droping irrigating pipe is delivered to by irrigation water main pipeline afterwards, and penetrates into crop root, the chemical spraying device includes dispensing canister, branch Frame, spraying mechanism, dispensing canister are located at water tank side, and top is connected to water tank, and bottom is connected to by hose with spraying mechanism, Holder is arranged on the raised path through fields of terraced fields surrounding, and sliding rail is provided on holder, and spraying mechanism is arranged on holder, and by holder Sliding rail along terraced fields motion along the long axis, so that pesticide is uniformly sprayed onto on crop.
Preferably, the spraying mechanism includes two electronic sliding blocks, fixed link, grug transportation tubes, and two electronic sliding block opposite directions are set It sets on holder, and can open up that there are one strip is logical respectively on the motion along the long axis of terraced fields, two electronic sliding blocks Hole, fixed link are connect across strip through-hole with two electronic sliding blocks, and fixed link both ends are further fixedly arranged on anti-fall off block, to Prevent fixed link from falling off from two electronic sliding blocks, grug transportation tube is fixed at fixed link lower part, is evenly distributed on grug transportation tube At least two atomizers, let go uniformly to divide pesticide.
Preferably, at least two pin holes are offered on described two electronic sliding blocks, at least two pin holes are logical positioned at strip Hole both sides offer on anti-fall off block and pass through pin hole with corresponding pin hole on two electronic sliding blocks, axis pin, by anti-fall off block with Two electronic sliding blocks connections are inserted into anti-fall off block, the pin hole on two electronic sliding blocks by adjusting axis pin, to complete to fixation The adjustment of bar height and fixed link and two electronic sliding blocks are relatively fixed.
Preferably, the mixed organization includes driving motor, bent axle, stirring blade, motion bar, and bent axle one end passes through stirring Tank top is connect with driving motor, and the other end connects stirring blade, and motion bar one end is connect with crankshaft mobility, the other end and activity Flashboard pin joint, driving motor drive crank rotation, so that motion bar is moved back and forth, and then driving activity flashboard, the connection of bent axle one end Stirring blade also rotate simultaneously, so that fertilizer is fallen on one side, stir on one side.
Preferably, the stirring pot bottom is provided with grid, to stop the fertiliser granulates of addition, prevents fertiliser granulates stifled The outlet of plug stirring pot bottom.
Preferably, liquid level gauge, the liquid installed on the water tank on terraced fields highest level terraced fields are provided on the water tank Position meter is electrically connected with water pump, and the liquid level gauge and the solenoid valve of setting on water supply pipe of the water tank installation on remaining terraced fields are electrical Connection.
Preferably, there are four moisture transducers, four moisture transducers to be irrigated with setting for distribution in the terraced fields at different levels Solenoid valve on water main pipeline is electrically connected.
The present invention uses above-mentioned technical proposal, advantage to be:Irrigation rig of the present invention can be to be grown on terraced fields Crop the required moisture of crop is provided, the droping irrigating pipe of irrigation rig can reduce moisture conveying to crop root Water resource has been saved in the evaporation of moisture, and fertilizer apparatus can provide growth required nutrient for crop, the mixing of fertilizer apparatus Mechanism can speed up the fertilizer dissolving being added in agitator tank, to prevent fertiliser granulates dissolving slow, block agitator tank water outlet Mouthful, chemical spraying device can spray drug, prevent crop disease and insect, the spraying mechanism of chemical spraying device that can be arranged along holder in time Sliding rail activity, to make motion along the long axis of the spraying mechanism along terraced fields, so that pesticide is uniformly sprayed onto on crop.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of another angle in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the partial structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of another angle of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the partial enlarged view of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of agitator tank of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the sectional view of Fig. 6.
In figure:Collecting-tank 10, water pump 101, water-supply-pipe 102, irrigation rig 20, water tank 201, irrigation water main pipeline 202, At least two droping irrigating pipes 203, fertilizer apparatus 30, agitator tank 301, fertilizer adding mouth 3011, movable flashboard 30111, water outlet 3012, mixed organization 302, driving motor 3021, bent axle 3022, stirring blade 3023, motion bar 3024, chemical spraying device 40, match Medicinal cupping 401, holder 402, spraying mechanism 403, two electronic sliding blocks 4031, strip through-hole 40311, fixed link 4032, anticreeps Fall block 40321, grug transportation tube 4033, atomizer 40331, water supply pipe 50.
Specific implementation mode
Fig. 1 to Fig. 7 is please referred to, an embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of terraced fields automatic irrigation systems, including are arranged minimum Collecting-tank 10 below level-one terraced fields and irrigation rig 20, fertilizer apparatus 30, the chemical spraying device 40 being arranged on terraced fields at different levels, collection Pond 10, when the water in collecting-tank 10 is inadequate, can also supplement needed for other irrigations for collecting rainwater into collecting-tank 10 Water in collecting-tank 10 is delivered to terraced fields highest level by the water pump 101 of the water wanted, the setting of 10 side of collecting-tank by water-supply-pipe 102 Irrigation rig 20 on terraced fields, the irrigation rig 20 on terraced fields at different levels is sequentially communicated by water supply pipe 50, so as to be delivered to highest The water in irrigation rig 20 on level-one terraced fields can be assigned to the irrigation rig 20 on terraced fields at different levels, chemical spraying device 40 and fertilising Device 30 is separately positioned on 20 both sides of irrigation rig, and the irrigation rig 20 includes water tank 201, irrigation water main pipeline 202, extremely Few two droping irrigating pipes 203, the setting of water tank 201 is in terraced fields raised path through fields side, irrigation water main pipeline 202 and 201 bottom of water tank Connection, at least two droping irrigating pipes 203 are connected to irrigation water main pipeline 202, to the water that needs crop by least two Droping irrigating pipe 203 is transported to crop root, the fertilizer apparatus 30 include be arranged 201 side of water tank agitator tank 301 and The mixed organization 302 being arranged in agitator tank 301,301 top of agitator tank are connected to by connecting tube with water tank 201, and bottom is logical It crosses connecting tube to be connected to irrigation water main pipeline 202,301 top setting fertilizer adding mouth 3011 of agitator tank, fertilizer adding mouth 3011 Lower section far from 301 top of agitator tank is provided with movable flashboard 30111, and mixed organization 302 is used to stir the fertilizer being added, dissolving Droping irrigating pipe is delivered to by irrigation water main pipeline 202 afterwards, and penetrates into crop root, the chemical spraying device 40 includes dispensing canister 401, holder 402, spraying mechanism 403, dispensing canister 401 are located at 201 side of water tank, and top is connected to water tank 201, and bottom is logical It crosses hose to be connected to spraying mechanism 403, holder 402 is arranged on the raised path through fields of terraced fields surrounding, and sliding rail is provided on holder 402, spray It spills mechanism 403 to be arranged on holder 402, and by the sliding rail on holder 402 along the motion along the long axis of terraced fields, so as to by pesticide Uniformly it is sprayed onto on crop.
Water in collecting-tank 10 is delivered to terraced fields highest one by the water pump 101 of 10 side of collecting-tank setting by water-supply-pipe 102 The water tank 201 of irrigation rig 20 on grade terraced fields, the water tank 201 on terraced fields at different levels are sequentially communicated by water supply pipe 50, are made The water in water tank 201 that must be delivered on terraced fields at the highest level can be assigned to terraced fields at different levels, irrigation water main pipeline 202 and storage 201 bottom of water pot is connected to, and at least two droping irrigating pipes 203 are connected to irrigation water main pipeline 202, can lead to the water that crop needs It crosses at least two droping irrigating pipes 203 and is transported to crop root, the moisture that the absorption that crop can be made more efficient needs reduces water The evaporation divided, has saved water resource;The agitator tank 301 of fertilizer apparatus 30 can add the fertilizer of crop needs, mixed organization 302 The fertilizer dissolving being added in agitator tank 301 is can speed up, to prevent fertiliser granulates dissolving slow, agitator tank 301 is blocked and goes out The mouth of a river 3012, and agitator tank 301 and irrigation water main pipeline 202, and rich water is delivered to work by least two droping irrigating pipes 203 Object root provides growth required nutrient for crop;The spraying mechanism 403 of chemical spraying device 40 can be arranged on holder 402 Sliding rail activity, to make spraying mechanism 403 along the motion along the long axis of terraced fields, so that pesticide is uniformly sprayed onto crop On, prevent crop disease and insect.
Further, the spraying mechanism 403 include two electronic sliding blocks 4031, fixed link 4032, grug transportation tube 4033, two A electronic sliding block 4031 is arranged oppositely on holder 402, and can be along the motion along the long axis of terraced fields, two electronic sliding blocks It is opened up respectively on 4031 there are one strip through-hole 40311, fixed link 4032 passes through strip through-hole 40311 and two electric slidings Block 4031 connects, and 4032 both ends of fixed link are further fixedly arranged on anti-fall off block 40321, to prevent fixed link 4032 from two electricity Fall off on movable slider 4031, grug transportation tube 4033 is fixed at 4032 lower part of fixed link, be evenly distributed on grug transportation tube 4033 to Few two atomizers 40331, let go uniformly to divide pesticide.
Further, at least two pin holes are offered on described two electronic sliding blocks 4031, at least two pin holes are located at length 40311 both sides of strip through-hole offer and corresponding pin hole, axis pin on two electronic sliding blocks 4031 on anti-fall off block 40321 Across pin hole, anti-fall off block 40321 is connect with two electronic sliding blocks 4031, by adjust axis pin be inserted into anti-fall off block 40321, In pin hole on two electronic sliding blocks 4031, to complete to the adjustment of 4032 height of fixed link and to fixed link 4032 and two electricity Movable slider 4031 is relatively fixed.
Two electronic sliding blocks being arranged oppositely on holder 402 drive fixed link 4032 and 4032 lower part of fixed link to fix and set The grug transportation tube 4033 set along terraced fields motion along the long axis, at this point, on grug transportation tube 4033 equally distributed atomizer 40331 will Pesticide uniformly point is let go, can be rapidly and efficiently dispenser is carried out to the crop in terraced fields, improve spray pattern, less labor The consumption of power;Corresponding pin hole is offered on two electronic sliding blocks 4031, anti-fall off block 40321, axis pin passes through pin hole, Anti-fall off block 40321 is connect with two electronic sliding blocks 4031, it is electronic by adjusting axis pin insertion anti-fall off block 40321, two In pin hole on sliding block 4031, to complete the adjustment to 4032 height of fixed link, since the growing height of different crops is different, And it is also different in the height of different growth cycles, by adjusting 4032 height of fixed link, the height pair of crop can be directed to Crop sprays, and keeps the drug being sprayed on crop more uniform.
Fig. 6, Fig. 7 are please referred to, further, the mixed organization 302 includes driving motor 3021, bent axle 3022, stirring Blade 3023, motion bar 3024,3022 one end of bent axle pass through 301 top of agitator tank to be connect with driving motor 3021, and the other end connects Stirring blade 3023 is connect, 3024 one end of motion bar is flexibly connected with bent axle 3022, and the other end and 30111 pin joint of movable flashboard drive Dynamic motor 3021 is rotated with dynamic crankshaft 3022, so that motion bar 3024 is moved back and forth, and then driving activity flashboard 30111, bent axle The stirring blade 3023 of 3022 one end connection also rotates simultaneously, so that fertilizer is fallen on one side, stirs on one side.
Driving motor 3021 is rotated with dynamic crankshaft 3022, and motion bar 3024 is driven to move back and forth, motion bar 3024 and then drive Dynamic activity flashboard 30111 moves back and forth, and fertilizer is intermittent to be fallen into from fertilizer adding mouth 3011 in agitator tank 301, while bent axle The stirring blade 3023 of 3022 one end connection also rotates simultaneously, so that fertilizer is fallen on one side, stirs on one side, to make fertilizer stir It is dissolved rapidly in tank 301, effectively improves fertilizer solution rate, fertilizer is prevented to be deposited in the water outlet 3012 of 301 bottom of agitator tank, Influence water outlet efficiency, working method when with reference to crop moisturizing, by the water containing dissolving fertilizer by connecting with 301 bottom of agitator tank The irrigation water main pipeline 202 connect is delivered to droping irrigating pipe, and penetrates into around crop root, reduces the loss of fertilizer nutrient, Improve absorption efficiency of the crop to fertilizer nutrient.
Further, 301 bottom of the agitator tank is provided with grid, to stop the fertiliser granulates of addition, prevents fertilizer Particle blocks the outlet of 301 bottom of agitator tank.
Further, liquid level gauge is provided on the water tank 201, on the water tank 201 on terraced fields highest level terraced fields The liquid level gauge of installation is electrically connected with water pump 101, and the liquid level gauge that the water tank 201 on remaining terraced fields is installed is with setting in water supply pipe Solenoid valve on 50 is electrically connected.
The liquid level gauge installed on water tank 201 on terraced fields highest level terraced fields sends liquid level signal to control module, Control module receives liquid level signal, will open or stop signal transmits feed pump 101, the storage on terraced fields highest level terraced fields When the liquid level of water pot 201 is low, water pump 101 is opened, and moisturizing is carried out, when the liquid level of the water tank 201 on terraced fields highest level terraced fields Gao Shi, water pump 101 stop moisturizing;Liquid level signal is fed back to control mould by the liquid level gauge that the water tank 201 on remaining terraced fields is installed Block, control module receive liquid level signal, will be turned on and off signal and feed back to solenoid valve on water supply pipe 50, when one of them When the liquid level of water tank 201 is low, the solenoid valve on water supply pipe 50 is opened, and the water tank 201 in upper level terraced fields starts to be next Water tank 201 in grade terraced fields carries out moisturizing, and when the liquid level of water tank 201 is high, the solenoid valve on water supply pipe 50 is closed, and is stopped For 201 moisturizing of water tank of water shortage, according to this method, upper level water tank 201 is next stage water tank using the gravity of water 201 moisturizings, reduce energy consumption.
Further, there are four moisture transducers, four moisture transducers to be filled with setting for distribution in the terraced fields at different levels The solenoid valve irrigate on water main pipeline 202 is electrically connected.
There are four moisture transducers, multiple spot detection can more accurately judge that moisture contains in terraced fields for distribution in terraced fields at different levels Amount, moisture transducer send water content signal to control module, and control module will be turned on and off signal and feed back to solenoid valve, When water shortage in terraced fields, solenoid valve on irrigation water main pipeline 202 is opened, and is started as crop irrigation moisturizing, when crop root reaches To after certain water content, the solenoid valve on irrigation water main pipeline 202 is closed, and stopping according to this method can for crop moisturizing Substantially stabilized is that crop provides irrigation required moisture, reduces the evaporation of moisture, improves the utilization rate of water resource.
The working method of the present invention is as follows:When work, the water pump 101 of 10 side of collecting-tank setting is by the water in collecting-tank 10 The water tank 201 of the irrigation rig 20 on terraced fields highest level terraced fields, irrigation water main pipeline 202 are delivered to by water-supply-pipe 102 It is connected to 201 bottom of water tank, at least two droping irrigating pipes 203 are connected to irrigation water main pipeline 202, can need crop Water is transported to crop root by least two droping irrigating pipes 203, when water shortage in terraced fields, the electricity on irrigation water main pipeline 202 Magnet valve is opened, and is started as crop irrigation moisturizing, after crop root reaches certain water content, the electricity on irrigation water main pipeline 202 Magnet valve is closed, and is stopped the moisture being needed for crop moisturizing, the absorption that can make crop more efficient in this way, is reduced the steaming of moisture Hair, has saved water resource;When the liquid level of the water tank 201 on terraced fields highest level terraced fields is low, water pump 101 is opened, and is mended Water, when the liquid level of the water tank 201 on terraced fields highest level terraced fields is high, the stopping moisturizing of water pump 101, and one in terraced fields at different levels When the liquid level of a water tank 201 is low, the solenoid valve on water supply pipe 50 is opened, and the water tank 201 in upper level terraced fields starts under Water tank 201 in level-one terraced fields carries out moisturizing, and when the liquid level of water tank 201 is high, the solenoid valve on water supply pipe 50 is closed, and is stopped It is only 201 moisturizing of water tank of water shortage, successively from top to bottom, the water tank 201 in upper level terraced fields is in next stage terraced fields Water tank 201 carries out moisturizing, and according to this method, upper level water tank 201 is mended using the gravity of water for next stage water tank 201 Water reduces energy consumption;
When needing to apply fertilizer to crop, the fertilizer that crop needs is added into agitator tank 301, driving motor 3021 drives song Axis 3022 rotates, and motion bar 3024 is driven to move back and forth, motion bar 3024 and then the reciprocating motion of driving activity flashboard 30111, fertilizer Expect it is intermittent fallen into agitator tank 301 from fertilizer adding mouth 3011, while 3022 one end of bent axle connection stirring blade 3023 Also it rotates simultaneously, fertilizer is made to fall on one side, stir on one side, to make fertilizer be dissolved rapidly in agitator tank 301, effectively improve fertilizer Expect solution rate, fertilizer is prevented to be deposited in the water outlet 3012 of 301 bottom of agitator tank, influences to be discharged efficiency, with reference to crop moisturizing When working method, will containing dissolving fertilizer water be delivered to by the irrigation water main pipeline 202 being connect with 301 bottom of agitator tank Droping irrigating pipe, and penetrate into around crop root, reduce the loss of fertilizer nutrient, improves absorption of the crop to fertilizer nutrient Efficiency;
When crop needs to carry out dispenser, two electronic sliding blocks being arranged oppositely on holder 402 drive fixed links 4032 and consolidate 4032 lower part of fixed pole fixed setting grug transportation tube 4033 along terraced fields motion along the long axis, at this point, uniformly dividing on grug transportation tube 4033 The atomizer 40331 of cloth, which uniformly divides pesticide, to be let go, can be rapidly and efficiently in terraced fields crop carry out dispenser, improve Spray pattern, the less consumption of labour;It is offered on two electronic sliding blocks 4031, anti-fall off block 40321 corresponding Pin hole, axis pin pass through pin hole, anti-fall off block 40321 is connect with two electronic sliding blocks 4031, by adjust axis pin be inserted into prevent In the pin hole to fall off on 40321, two electronic sliding blocks 4031 of block, to complete the adjustment to 4032 height of fixed link, due to difference Crop growing height it is different and also different in the height of different growth cycles, by adjusting 4032 height of fixed link, The height that crop can be directed to sprays to crop, keeps the drug being sprayed on crop more uniform, prevents crop disease and insect.
In addition, the present invention can be carried out at the same time crop irrigation, fertilising, dispenser, and without influencing each other, required electric energy It is supplied by solar power generation.
The above disclosure is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, cannot limit the right model of the present invention with this certainly It encloses, those skilled in the art can understand all or part of the processes for realizing the above embodiment, and is wanted according to right of the present invention Equivalent variations made by asking, still belong to the scope covered by the invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of terraced fields automatic irrigation system, it is characterised in that:Including the collecting-tank below minimum level-one terraced fields is arranged and sets Irrigation rig, fertilizer apparatus, chemical spraying device on terraced fields at different levels are set, the water pump of the pool side that catchments setting leads to the water in collecting-tank Cross the irrigation rig that water-supply-pipe is delivered on terraced fields highest level terraced fields, the irrigation rig on terraced fields at different levels by water supply pipe successively Connection, so that the water in the irrigation rig being delivered on terraced fields at the highest level can be assigned to the irrigation rig on terraced fields at different levels, Chemical spraying device and fertilizer apparatus are separately positioned on irrigation rig both sides, the irrigation rig include water tank, irrigation water main pipeline, At least two droping irrigating pipes, water tank are arranged in terraced fields raised path through fields side, and irrigation water main pipeline is connected to water storage pot bottom, and at least two A droping irrigating pipe is connected to irrigation water main pipeline, and the water to need crop is transported to trickle irrigation by least two droping irrigating pipes Pipeline, and crop root is penetrated into, the fertilizer apparatus includes being arranged in the agitator tank of water tank side and setting in agitator tank Interior mixed organization, agitator tank top are connected to by connecting tube with water tank, and bottom passes through connecting tube and irrigation water main pipeline connects It is logical, fertilizer adding mouth is set at the top of agitator tank, and fertilizer adding mouth is provided with movable flashboard far from the lower section at the top of agitator tank, mixes Mechanism is used to stir the fertilizer being added, and is delivered to crop root by irrigation water main pipeline after dissolving, the chemical spraying device includes Dispensing canister, holder, spraying mechanism, dispensing canister are located at water tank side, and top is connected to water tank, and bottom passes through hose and sprinkling Mechanism connection, holder are arranged on the raised path through fields of terraced fields surrounding, and sliding rail is provided on holder, and spraying mechanism is arranged on holder, and By the sliding rail on holder along the motion along the long axis of terraced fields, so that pesticide is uniformly sprayed onto on crop.
2. terraced fields automatic irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The spraying mechanism includes two electronic Sliding block, fixed link, grug transportation tube, two electronic sliding blocks are arranged oppositely on holder, and can along the motion along the long axis of terraced fields, It is opened up respectively on two electronic sliding blocks there are one strip through-hole, fixed link passes through strip through-hole and two electronic sliding blocks to connect It connects, fixed link both ends are further fixedly arranged on anti-fall off block, and to prevent fixed link from falling off from two electronic sliding blocks, grug transportation tube is solid Fixed setting is evenly distributed at least two atomizers on fixed link lower part, grug transportation tube, is let go uniformly to divide pesticide.
3. terraced fields automatic irrigation system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:It is offered on described two electronic sliding blocks At least two pin holes, at least two pin holes are located at strip through-hole both sides, offered on anti-fall off block on two electronic sliding blocks Corresponding pin hole, axis pin pass through pin hole, anti-fall off block are connect with two electronic sliding blocks, and anti-dropout is inserted by adjusting axis pin In pin hole on block, two electronic sliding blocks, to complete to the adjustment of fixed link height and to fixed link and two electronic sliding blocks It is relatively fixed.
4. terraced fields automatic irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The mixed organization includes driving electricity Machine, bent axle, stirring blade, motion bar, bent axle one end, which passes through, to be connect at the top of agitator tank with driving motor, and the other end connects paddle Piece, motion bar one end are connect with crankshaft mobility, and the other end drives crank rotation, make activity with movable flashboard pin joint, driving motor Bar moves back and forth, and then driving activity flashboard, and the stirring blade of bent axle one end connection also rotates simultaneously, and fertilizer is made to fall on one side, It stirs on one side.
5. terraced fields automatic irrigation system according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The stirring pot bottom is provided with lattice Net prevents fertiliser granulates from blocking the outlet of stirring pot bottom to stop the fertiliser granulates of addition.
6. terraced fields automatic irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is provided with liquid level on the water tank It counts, the liquid level gauge installed on the water tank on terraced fields highest level terraced fields is electrically connected with water pump, the water tank on remaining terraced fields The liquid level gauge of installation is electrically connected with the solenoid valve of setting on water supply pipe.
7. terraced fields automatic irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the terraced fields at different levels there are four distributions Moisture transducer, four moisture transducers and the solenoid valve being arranged on irrigation water main pipeline are electrically connected.
CN201810516027.4A 2018-05-25 2018-05-25 Terraced fields automatic irrigation system Pending CN108450306A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810516027.4A CN108450306A (en) 2018-05-25 2018-05-25 Terraced fields automatic irrigation system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810516027.4A CN108450306A (en) 2018-05-25 2018-05-25 Terraced fields automatic irrigation system

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110972668A (en) * 2019-12-17 2020-04-10 邵志远 Automatic irrigation equipment for terrace
CN112840822A (en) * 2021-01-08 2021-05-28 邵胜法 Water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated self-diagnosis irrigation device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110972668A (en) * 2019-12-17 2020-04-10 邵志远 Automatic irrigation equipment for terrace
CN110972668B (en) * 2019-12-17 2021-10-01 邵志远 Automatic irrigation equipment for terrace
CN112840822A (en) * 2021-01-08 2021-05-28 邵胜法 Water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated self-diagnosis irrigation device
CN112840822B (en) * 2021-01-08 2022-07-05 河南瑞通灌排设备有限公司 Water, fertilizer and pesticide integrated self-diagnosis irrigation device

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