CN209452282U - A kind of refuse classification conveying equipment - Google Patents

A kind of refuse classification conveying equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209452282U
CN209452282U CN201821948629.9U CN201821948629U CN209452282U CN 209452282 U CN209452282 U CN 209452282U CN 201821948629 U CN201821948629 U CN 201821948629U CN 209452282 U CN209452282 U CN 209452282U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveyer belt
rubbish
mandril
sorting
seal closure
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CN201821948629.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱兴良
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Yiwu Mingyao Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Yiwu Mingyao Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2018218518555 priority
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/58Construction or demolition [C&D] waste

Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of refuse classification conveying equipment, including feeding warehouse, sorting conveyer device, material-gathering device and rack, and sorting conveyer device includes delivery section and sorting portion, and delivery section includes the conveyer belt of carrying waste and the driving wheel of driving conveying belt operating;The top of feed end is arranged in feeding warehouse, and the material-gathering device is arranged close to discharge end, and is located at the lower section of discharge end;Sorting portion includes material casting mechanism and fan structure, the lower section of conveyer belt is arranged in material casting mechanism, and it can act on conveyer belt so that the rubbish taken will be sent to throw, the fan structure includes the seal closure of button cover above conveyer belt, and it is arranged in seal closure upper air inlet pipeline, intake stack connect with wind-force source and blows into seal closure and blow to rubbish, the utility model passes through material casting and wind, so that the material of different quality is generated speed difference in transmission process to form different motion profiles, is efficiently separated to reach in discharge end.

Description

A kind of refuse classification conveying equipment
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of waste treatment, is related to building waste processing technology field, in particular to a kind of Refuse classification conveying equipment.
Background technique
With the quickening of China's ur- banization speed, removes and remove along with a large amount of building in the transformation process of cities and towns, from And a large amount of building waste is generated, it will cause environmental pollution and the wasting of resources if dealing with improperly, building after building removal dismounting Building refuse often mixes decoration rubbish, and building waste is mostly the heavys rubbish such as concrete block, crushed stone, brick and tile fragment, decoration Rubbish is mostly the light refuses such as plasterboard, wallpaper, plastics, fabrics, and various rubbish are mixed to garbage disposal and recycling Bring inconvenience.Manual sorting, wet concentration and selection by winnowing are mostly used to the sorting mode of building waste at present, although manual sorting point It picks accurate, but takes time and effort, efficiency is extremely low and high labor cost;Wet concentration is sorted according to the density of material, by water Buoyancy, it is low density to bubble through the water column, separated on the conveyer belt of the big submerged of density to realizing sorting, though wet concentration Right separating effect is preferable, but can generate large amount of sewage, subsequent to put into substantial contribution and energy handles sewage, compression Mud cake afterwards can not be utilized again due to being added to medicament, polluted the environment simultaneously waste of resource, violated environmental protection concept, and And during wet concentration, the comparable material of density with water can suspend in water, and can not be efficiently separated, some water suction materials Rubbish can not also be precisely separating;Selection by winnowing is to be separated using wind-force to light material and heavier feeds, utilizes light material With heavier feeds movement speed different realizations separation under the action of the wind, after crushing due to building waste, light material and again Matter material is entrained in together, and heavier feeds often hinder the movement of light material, is divided so relying solely on wind-force Choosing, separating effect are unsatisfactory;And wet concentration or selection by winnowing are either used, it all needs to be equipped with a large amount of screening installation and conveying equipment Cooperated, equipment cost and operating cost are high, take up a large area.
Utility model content
The utility model is to solve technical problem present in above-mentioned building waste assorting room, provides a kind of rubbish point Conveying equipment is selected, by material casting and wind, the material of different quality is made to generate speed difference in transmission process to form different fortune Dynamic rail mark, efficiently separates to reach in discharge end.
The purpose of this utility model can be realized by the following technical scheme:
A kind of refuse classification conveying equipment, which is characterized in that including feeding warehouse, sorting conveyer device, material-gathering device and machine Frame, the sorting conveyer device include delivery section and sorting portion, and the delivery section includes the conveyer belt of carrying waste and drives defeated The driving wheel with operating is sent, the conveying belt tension is on driving wheel and has feed end and discharge end;The feeding warehouse setting In the top of feed end, the material-gathering device is arranged close to discharge end, and is located at the lower section of discharge end;The sorting portion includes throwing The lower section of conveyer belt is arranged in material mechanism and fan structure, the material casting mechanism, and can act on conveyer belt with by conveyer belt On rubbish throw, the fan structure includes button cover seal closure above conveyer belt, and is arranged in seal closure upper blast pipe Road, the intake stack connect with wind-force source and blow into seal closure and blow to rubbish.
Arrangement above can complete the separation of different quality rubbish during to garbage transporting, and delivery section is to rubbish During conveying, for material casting mechanism and fan structure the meeting collective effect in sorting portion in rubbish, rubbish makes difference after being tossed There are gaps to be in loose discrete state between rubbish, convenient for wind-engaging, avoids mixing under rubbish stationary state from pressing together, nothing Separating effect is not achieved in the abundant wind-engaging of method, and rubbish is mingled with different quality rubbish together during throwing and falling It is able to initial gross separation, advantageous condition is further provided for for rubbish wind-engaging sorting, keeps sorting more abundant;It is provided with above conveyer belt Seal closure offers intake stack on seal closure, and wind-force source blows into seal closure by intake stack and blows to rubbish, so that The rubbish of different quality generates speed difference and forms different motion track, reaches separating effect;The setting of seal closure makes conveyer belt Top forms a sealing air flue, further increases separating effect conducive to rubbish wind-engaging, and rubbish can be constrained in seal closure It is interior, it avoids rubbish from throwing and be scattered everywhere after wind-engaging, reduces dust pollution and noise pollution.
Preferably, the material casting mechanism include multiple carrying roller mounting racks set up on the rack and be mounted on carrying roller installation Mandril below frame, mandril are arranged perpendicular to carrying roller, and the mandril can move up and down and be driven under the action of power mechanism Carrying roller mounting rack, which moves up and down, realizes material casting.Then the utility model is recycled dynamic by dividing into top set bar in carrying roller mounting rack Force mechanisms do work to mandril, make mandril that carrying roller mounting rack be driven to move up and down, can realize and throw the rubbish on conveyer belt, this Material casting mechanism in utility model takes full advantage of the intrinsic component of conventional conveyor such as carrying roller and carrying roller mounting rack, makes them It is provided simultaneously with the function of support and material casting, to keep the structure of mechanism more simple and compact, functionality, practicability, suitability are more By force, can be transformed to existing conveying mechanism can be realized material casting, and manufacturing cost, operating cost are low.
Preferably, being provided with limit pedestal in the rack, the carrying roller mounting rack is limited in the limit pedestal And only has the freedom degree of up and down direction.The setting of limit pedestal is to guarantee that carrying roller mounting rack is merely able to move up and down and realize Material casting, avoiding it, back and forth or left and right is mobile on the rack, influences its material casting and support effect, and power mechanism is made full use of to provide Kinetic energy carries out effective material casting, and being supported on bracket of can consolidating is supported the rubbish on conveyer belt and conveyer belt.
Preferably, the position that the carrying roller mounting rack is contacted with rack is equipped with buffer to reduce under carrying roller mounting rack The impact force that rack is generated when falling.The setting of buffer can effectively reduce impact force, thus extend the service life of device, and Reduce noise.
Preferably, the upper end of the carrying roller mounting rack is provided with the correction bar for preventing conveyer belt from deviating, the correction bar Positioned at conveyer belt two sides and its top be higher than conveyer belt conveyor surface.Arrangement above can avoid conveyer belt upward by carrying roller Active force when shift, thus guarantee conveyer belt operate normally and material casting effect.
Preferably, the power mechanism includes the cam below mandril, the cam is fixedly arranged on power input shaft, The end of power input shaft is connect by transmission device with motor drive, and the cam includes the first circular arc wall and the second circular arc Wall is connected between the first circular arc wall and the second circular arc wall by tangent line, when the first circular arc wall is resisted against the lower end of mandril, mandril quilt It jacks up and carrying roller mounting rack is driven to move upwards, when the second circular arc wall is resisted against the lower end of mandril, mandril is in carrying roller mounting rack Restore under gravity to initial position.It is simple and reliable as power mechanism using cam mechanism, it is easy to maintain, and can be abundant Using the space below conveyer belt, make the structure more compact and reasonable of whole device.
Preferably, the transmission device includes the driving gear being installed on motor output shaft, engaged with driving gear Driving chain, further include the driven gear for being installed in power input shaft end, the driven gear is also engaged with driving chain. A motor, which can be achieved, by the cooperation of driving gear, driven gear and driving chain drives all cams operate, it is energy saving and It manipulates easy to maintain.
Preferably, the power mechanism includes setting and the hydraulic cylinder below mandril, the piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder is supported It connects in the lower end of mandril, mandril can move upwards under the action of piston rod.Simply may be used using hydraulic stem as power mechanism It leans on, it is easy to maintain, and can make full use of the space below conveyer belt, make the structure more compact and reasonable of whole device.
Preferably, the rack upper surface of the conveyer belt two sides offers sliding slot, the lower edge of seal closure is provided with muti-piece The pulley matched with sliding slot, the seal closure are slidably mounted in rack by pulley.Seal closure passes through pulley and cunning The cooperation of slot, is slidably mounted in rack, repairs maintenance to equipment convenient for opening seal closure.
Preferably, the inner wall of the seal closure is symmetrically arranged with baffle, the baffle is located at positioned at the top of sliding block, gear The width of plate is identical as the installation gap of seal closure and rack.It is the clipping room in order to block seal closure and rack that baffle, which is arranged, Gap further increases the leakproofness of seal closure, and baffle plate setting can accept the material being scattered, avoid object in the top of sliding block Material is fallen on sliding slot and sliding block so that the material for influencing their cooperation, and being scattered more easy to clean.
Preferably, the side that the rack is located at discharge end is provided with external fan, it is set with fan housing on external fan, The front end of fan housing has tuyere.Wind-engaging again when external fan can be such that the rubbish falls from discharge port, to improve separating effect, wind The front end of cover is integrally formed flat mouth shape tuyere, the width of tuyere and the equivalent width of discharge port, and the height of tuyere is lower than discharge port, Arrangement above wind-force is more concentrated, and can make the uniform wind-engaging of the rubbish fallen, to keep rubbish wind-engaging effect more preferable, reaches more preferable Separating effect.
Preferably, material-gathering device includes installation chassis and partition, installs and be provided with slideway on chassis, be provided in slideway To the sliding block of cooperation, the partition is slidably mounted on installation chassis by sliding block for muti-piece and slideway, the partition can Glide direction is consistent with the discharging direction of rubbish.Arrangement above can reasonably adjust between partition according to the motion profile of different rubbish Spacing avoid partition room away from the improper object caused after sorting is arranged so as to can efficiently separate after different rubbish is sorted Material mixes again.
Preferably, the partition is rotatably hinged on sliding block, the setting angle of partition is adjustable and can pass through Positioning device locking.Partition is rotatably hinged on sliding block, can adjust the setting angle of partition according to demand, not change In the case where the spacing of partition lower end, the adjustment of partition upper end spacing is realized, to form the garbage inlet of different in width to match Rubbish after closing sorting, and the spacing of partition lower end is constant convenient for setting conveyer belt, the different rubbish conveying after sorting To corresponding station.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
1. refuse classification conveying equipment provided by the utility model can be completed during rubbish conveys to different quality The sorting of rubbish greatly improves building waste processing speed and efficiency.
2. conveying device and sorting unit is effective and reasonable is combined togather, is provided simultaneously with conveying and sorting function, simplifies Building waste conveying and screening installation, avoiding needs multiple devices to cooperate jointly, substantially energy-saving and emission-reduction and occupied area is small, system It is low to make operating cost.
3. the separating effect of building waste is more preferable by material casting and the collective effect to wind, it is conducive to building waste and recycles, Environmental protection and energy saving.
It, can be by adjusting the spacing of partition and the setting angle of partition 4. the partition of material-gathering device is arranged to adjustable state The motion profile of rubbish, the more conducively collection to rubbish after sorting can be avoided effectively because partition room is not away from conforming to after cooperation sorting It fits and the rubbish after sorting is caused to mix, and be conducive to the setting of conveyer belt, the rubbish after sorting is directly transported To different station, building waste treatment effeciency is improved.
5. making full use of the existing component of conveying mechanism, the practicability and suitability of entire sorting conveyer device are improved, it can Assembly directly is transformed to existing conveying mechanism, manufacturing cost operating cost is low.
6. whole equipment is compact-sized, reliable for operation, energy consumption is reduced.
7. sorting mechanism sorts building waste using wind-force, avoid generating sewage using wet concentration, and entire sorting Conveying device is covered with seal closure, reduces dust pollution and noise pollution.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is one structural schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is one schematic diagram of internal structure of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 3 is material casting mechanism structural schematic diagram in the utility model embodiment one;
Fig. 4 is one middle idler roller mounting rack of the utility model embodiment and cam structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is one middle idler roller mounting rack of the utility model embodiment and another status architecture schematic diagram of cam;
Fig. 6 is seal closure right view in the utility model;
Fig. 7 is material-gathering device structural schematic diagram in the utility model;
Fig. 8 is two structural schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 9 is two schematic diagram of internal structure of the utility model embodiment;
Figure 10 is two middle idler roller mounting rack of the utility model embodiment and hydraulic cylinder structure schematic diagram;
In figure, 1. feeding warehouses;2. sorting conveyer device;21. conveyer belt;22. driving wheel;23. follower;24. seal closure; 241. baffle;242. pulley;25. intake stack;251. internal fan;26. carrying roller mounting rack;261. carrying roller;262. mounting rail; 263. correction bar;264. bottom beam;265. buffer spring;27. mandril;28. cam;281. first circular arc walls;282. second circular arcs Wall;283. driving gear;284. driven gear;285. driving chain;286. power input shaft;29. hydraulic cylinder;291. piston Bar;3. material-gathering device;31. installing chassis;32. partition;321. installation axle;33. sliding block;34. adjustment hole;35. positioning pin;4. machine Frame;41. limiting pedestal;5. external fan;51. fan housing;52. tuyere.
Specific embodiment
It is specific embodiment of the utility model below, and the technical solution of the utility model is made further in conjunction with attached drawing Description, but the utility model is not limited to these examples.
Embodiment one, referring to Figure 1-7, the present embodiment disclose a kind of refuse classification conveying equipment, including feeding warehouse 1, point Conveying device 2, material-gathering device 3 and rack 4 are selected, the sorting conveyer device 2 includes delivery section and sorting portion, the delivery section packet The driving wheel that the conveyer belt 21 and driving conveying belt 21 for including carrying waste operate, the conveyer belt 21 have feed end and discharge end And be stretched on two driving wheels, driving wheel is rotatably mounted on the both ends of rack 4, and driving wheel 22 is mounted on discharge end, quilt Driving wheel 23 is mounted on feed end, and the output shaft of driving wheel 22 and first motor is sequentially connected, under the drive of the motor rotation to Conveyer belt is driven to run conveying garbage, the feeding warehouse 1 is up big and down small funnel-form, and the top of feed end is arranged in, gathers materials Device 3 is arranged close to discharge end, and is located at the lower section of discharge end.
Sorting portion includes material casting mechanism and fan structure, and the fan structure includes the sealing that button covers on 21 top of conveyer belt Cover 24, and it is symmetricly set on the intake stack 25 of 24 two sides of seal closure, internal fan 251 is installed in intake stack 25, it is described Fan structure includes the seal closure 24 that button covers on 21 top of conveyer belt, and is symmetricly set on the intake stack of 24 two sides of seal closure 25, internal fan 251 is installed, intake stack 25 is multiple groups, is arranged at intervals in the present embodiment for 3 groups close in intake stack 25 The two sides of sealing cover 24, rubbish are constantly tossed simultaneously wind-engaging, thus mistake of the rubbish of different quality in transport during conveying Separation is realized in journey;The inclination of intake stack 25 is installed on seal closure 24, and tilt angle is 45 degree, and arrangement above can make rubbish When subjected to wind not only by upward power, the power also advanced forward improves sorting and defeated conducive to the sorting and transport of rubbish Send efficiency;The cross section of intake stack 25 gradually becomes smaller along air inlet direction, this setting can be such that wind-force more concentrates, to make Rubbish wind-engaging effect is more preferable, reaches better separating effect;4 upper surface of rack of 21 two sides of conveyer belt offers sliding slot, sealing The lower edge of cover 24 is fixedly installed with the pulley 242 matched with sliding slot, and seal closure 24 is slidably mounted on machine by pulley 242 On frame 4, seal closure 24 uses this mounting means, repairs maintenance to equipment convenient for opening seal closure 24;Seal closure 24 Inner wall is symmetrically installed with baffle 241, and the baffle 241 is located at the top of pulley 242, the width and seal closure 24 of baffle 241 and The installation gap of rack 4 is identical, and setting baffle 241 is the installation gap in order to block seal closure 24 Yu rack 4, further increases The leakproofness of seal closure 24, and the top of pulley 242 is arranged in baffle 241, can accept the rubbish being scattered, rubbish is avoided to fall in So that the rubbish for influencing their cooperation, and being scattered more easy to clean on sliding slot and pulley 242;Seal closure 24 is in the upper of feed end Side offers feed inlet, is equipped with feeding warehouse on feed inlet, and seal closure 24 offers discharge port in discharge end, and rubbish is from feeding warehouse In enter in seal closure 24 and fall on the material-conveying belt of conveyer belt 21, then from discharge hole for discharge.The setting of seal closure 24 makes defeated It send the top of band 21 to form a sealing air flue, further increases separating effect conducive to rubbish wind-engaging, and rubbish can be constrained In seal closure 24, rubbish is avoided to throw and be scattered everywhere after wind-engaging, reduces dust pollution and noise pollution.Conveyer belt 21 is right During rubbish conveys, in rubbish, rubbish makes different rubbish after being tossed for material casting mechanism and fan structure meeting collective effect Between there are gaps to be in loose discrete state, convenient for wind-engaging, avoid under rubbish stationary state mixing from pressing together, Wu Fachong Divide wind-engaging, separating effect is not achieved, and rubbish, during throwing and falling, the rubbish for being mingled with different quality together obtains With initial gross separation, advantageous condition is further provided for for rubbish wind-engaging sorting, keeps sorting more abundant.
Material casting mechanism includes multiple carrying roller mounting racks 26 ridden upon in 21 machine frame at two sides 4 of conveyer belt, is held in the palm in the present embodiment Roller mounting rack 26 is 7, and mounting rack is smaller in the spacing in feed end, to improve the bearing capacity of feed end, carrying roller mounting rack 26 On be mounted on carrying roller 261, the carrying roller 261 is located at the lower section of 21 conveyor surface of conveyer belt, and perpendicular to 21 side of conveying of conveyer belt To setting, carrying roller mounting rack 26 is the conventional carrying roller mounting rack 26 used on belt conveyor, including two longitudinally disposed peaces Beam 262 is filled, the mounting rail 262 is located at the two sides of conveyer belt 21, and the bottom of mounting rail 262 is connected by bottom beam 264, institute It states carrying roller 261 to be installed between two mounting rails 262, the upper end of the mounting rail 262, which is equipped with, prevents the offset of conveyer belt 21 Correction bar 263, correction bar 263 are located at the two sides of conveyer belt 21, and arrangement above can avoid conveyer belt 21 upward by carrying roller 261 Active force when shift, to guarantee the normal operation and material casting effect of conveyer belt 21, correction bar 263 is cylindrical body, with Reduce the abrasion to conveyer belt 21.Then the present embodiment recycles engine by dividing into top set bar 27 in carrying roller mounting rack 26 Structure does work to mandril 27, makes mandril 27 that carrying roller mounting rack 26 be driven to move upwards, and can realize and throw the rubbish on conveyer belt 21 It rising, material casting mechanism takes full advantage of the intrinsic component of conventional conveyor such as carrying roller 261 and carrying roller mounting rack 26 in the present embodiment, Them are made to be provided simultaneously with the function of support and material casting, to keep the structure of mechanism more simple and compact, functionality, is fitted at practicability Stronger with property, can be transformed to existing conveying mechanism can be realized material casting, and manufacturing cost, operating cost are low.
Limit pedestal 41 is symmetrically welded in the rack 4 of 21 two sides of conveyer belt, limit pedestal 41 is 7 groups in the present embodiment, Each carrying roller mounting rack 26 is limited in one group of limit pedestal 41, and the section of limit pedestal 41 is triangle, and supported at three point mentions Its high support force, the mounting rail 262 of carrying roller mounting rack 26 plugs wherein, and can move up and down, and limits the setting of pedestal 41 Be in order to guarantee carrying roller mounting rack 26 be merely able to move up and down realize material casting, avoid its in rack 4 front and back or move left and right, shadow Its material casting and support effect are rung, the kinetic energy for making full use of power mechanism to provide carries out effective material casting, and what can be consolidated is supported on The rubbish on conveyer belt 21 and conveyer belt 21 is supported on bracket;The bottom end face of mounting rail 262 is provided with buffer, this Buffer is used as using buffer spring 265 in embodiment, the setting of buffer spring 265 can effectively reduce under carrying roller mounting rack 26 The impact force generated when falling to rack 4, to extend the service life of device, and reduces noise.
In the present embodiment, power mechanism includes the cam 28 positioned at 27 lower section of mandril, and it is defeated that the cam 28 is fixedly arranged on power Enter axis 286, the end of power input shaft 286 is connect by transmission device with motor drive, and cam 28 is in power input shaft 286 Lower rotation is driven, the cam 28 includes the first circular arc wall 281 and the second circular arc wall 282, the first circular arc wall 281 and the second circular arc It is connected between wall 282 by tangent line, as shown in figure 3, mandril 27 is pushed up when the first circular arc wall 281 is resisted against the lower end of mandril 27 It rises and carrying roller mounting rack 26 is driven to move upwards, as shown in figure 4, when the second circular arc wall 282 is resisted against the lower end of mandril 27, mandril 27 restore under 26 gravity of carrying roller mounting rack to initial position, and using cam, 28 mechanism is simple and reliable as power mechanism, It is easy to maintain, and can make full use of the space of 21 lower section of conveyer belt, make the structure more compact and reasonable of whole device;The biography Dynamic device includes the driving gear 283 being installed on the second motor output shaft, the driving chain 285 engaged with driving gear 283, Further include the driven gear 284 for being installed in 286 end of power input shaft, in the present embodiment driven gear 284 be 7, respectively with Each 28 mating reaction of cam is also engaged with driving chain 285, is passed through in each carrying roller mounting rack 26, the driven gear 284 The cooperation of driving gear 283, driven gear 284 and driving chain 285 can be achieved a motor and all cams 28 driven to operate, And the same dynamic and unusual fluctuation of carrying roller can be realized by changing the installation direction of cam, energy saving and manipulation is easy to maintain.
One external fan 5 is installed in the rack 4 of discharge end, external fan 5 can be such that rubbish falls from discharge port Shi Zaici wind-engaging is set with fan housing 51 to improve separating effect on external fan 5, the front end of fan housing 51 is integrally formed flat mouth shape The height of tuyere 52, the width of the tuyere 52 and the equivalent width of discharge port, tuyere 52 is lower than discharge port, arrangement above wind-force It more concentrates, and the uniform wind-engaging of the rubbish fallen can be made, to keep rubbish wind-engaging effect more preferable, reach better separating effect.
Material-gathering device 3 include installation chassis 31, installation chassis 31 be rectangular frame structure, You Sigen support rod weld and At, the installation chassis 31 is fixed on ground, effectively to be supported to partition 32, two to be parallel to each other piece support rod it is upper Surface offers slideway, and the sliding block 33 that muti-piece is matched with slideway is equipped in slideway, and arrangement above can be according to building waste kind The concrete conditions such as class, 21 conveying speed of conveyer belt, wind speed adjust partition 32 arrive suitable position, with preferably to building waste into Row separation and collection, avoid 32 spacing of partition be arranged it is improper cause sorting after building waste mix again.The present embodiment Middle sliding block 33 is 3, and the sliding block 33 includes sliding part and mounting portion, and sliding part, which is inlaid in slideway, slide and can consolidate Fixed, mounting portion is hinged with partition 32, offers mounting hole in the middle part of mounting portion, and the lower part of partition 32 is fixedly welded with installation axle 321, Installation axle 321 is hinged in mounting hole, and the periphery of mounting hole and installation axle 321 offers the adjustment hole 34 matched, is adjusted The positioning pin 35 positioned to partition 32 is fitted in hole 34, partition 32 is rotatably hinged on sliding block 33, can be according to need The setting angle for adjusting partition 32 is sought, to realize 32 upper end spacing of partition in the case where not changing the spacing of 32 lower end of partition Adjustment, to form the garbage inlet of different in width to cooperate the rubbish after sorting, and the spacing of 32 lower end of partition is constant Convenient for belt conveyor is arranged, the different rubbish after sorting are delivered to corresponding station.
The working principle of refuse classification conveying equipment disclosed in the present embodiment is that building waste after crushing is by feeding warehouse It enters in seal closure 24, and falls in the feed end of conveyer belt 21, conveyer belt 21 drives building rubbish under the transmission of driving wheel 22 Rubbish is advanced to discharge end;Building waste is during transported, the operating of the second motor driven driving gear 283, driving gear 283 drive driven gear 284 to operate by the transmission of driving chain 285, and driven gear 284 is driven by power input shaft 286 Cam 28 operates, and when the first circular arc wall 281 of cam 28 is resisted against the lower end of mandril 27, mandril 27 is jacked up and drives carrying roller Mounting rack 26 moves upwards, and acts on conveyer belt 21 so that carrying roller 261 moves upwards and throws the rubbish on conveyer belt 21, the When two circular arc walls 282 are resisted against the lower end of mandril 27, mandril 27 restores under the gravity of carrying roller mounting rack 26 to initial bit It sets, due to mass gravity difference during throwing with whereabouts, falling speed can obtain rubbish with motion profile difference, rubbish Preliminary separation;And rubbish also suffers from the wind of internal fan 251 during conveying and throwing, blower is 3 groups of intervals point The two sides of cloth seal closure 24, therefore rubbish continues wind-engaging in entire transmission process, and rubbish is in the dynamic mistake thrown and fallen Wind-engaging effect is more preferable in journey, and there are gaps to be in loose condition (of surface) between rubbish is when dynamic, convenient for wind-engaging, avoids each Kind rubbish, which remains static to be mingled with together and squeeze mutually, influences wind-engaging;When rubbish is delivered to discharge port in material casting and wind Under the collective effect blown, the rubbish of different quality has been distributed in different zones and level, and the rubbish of different weight has difference Speed and region, rubbish will form different motion profiles when falling from discharge port, to realize separation, transport, material casting It being carried out in seal closure 24 with to wind, rubbish is constrained in seal closure 24, and avoid rubbish from throwing and be scattered everywhere after wind-engaging, Dust pollution and noise pollution are reduced, and one air duct of the formation of seal closure 24 can be further improved wind-engaging effect;Rubbish is from discharging Wind by external fan 5 again when mouth falls, so that separating effect is more preferable;The partition 32 of material-gathering device 3 is according to rubbish Discharging track is adjusted to suitable position, the rubbish after alloing sorting accurately fall into it is specified gather materials in region, avoid point It is mixed again after rubbish discharging from after.
Embodiment two, refers to Fig. 6-10, and the present embodiment discloses a kind of refuse classification conveying equipment, including feeding warehouse 1, point Conveying device 2, material-gathering device 3 and rack 4 are selected, the sorting conveyer device 2 includes delivery section and sorting portion, the delivery section packet The driving wheel that the conveyer belt 21 and driving conveying belt 21 for including carrying waste operate, the conveyer belt 21 have feed end and discharge end And be stretched on two driving wheels, driving wheel is rotatably mounted on the both ends of rack 4, and driving wheel 22 is mounted on discharge end, quilt Driving wheel 23 is mounted on feed end, and the output shaft of driving wheel 22 and first motor is sequentially connected, under the drive of the motor rotation to Conveyer belt is driven to run conveying garbage, the feeding warehouse 1 is up big and down small funnel-form, and the lower section of feed end is arranged in, gathers materials Device 3 is arranged close to discharge end, and is located at the lower section of discharge end.
Sorting portion includes material casting mechanism and fan structure, and the fan structure includes the sealing that button covers on 21 top of conveyer belt Cover 24, and it is symmetricly set on the intake stack 25 of 24 two sides of seal closure, internal fan 251 is installed in intake stack 25, it is described Fan structure includes the seal closure 24 that button covers on 21 top of conveyer belt, and is symmetricly set on the intake stack of 24 two sides of seal closure 25, internal fan 251 is installed, the inclination of intake stack 25 is installed on seal closure 24, tilt angle 45 in intake stack 25 Degree, arrangement above can make rubbish when subjected to wind not only by upward power, the power also advanced forward, conducive to the sorting of rubbish And transport, improve sorting and transfer efficiency;Intake stack 25 be one group and close to discharge end be arranged, material before discharging wind-engaging, It can be made to maintain wind-engaging state to discharging, to form speed difference in discharging to reach separation purpose;Intake stack 25 tilts It being installed on seal closure 24, arrangement above can make material when subjected to wind not only by upward power, the power also advanced forward, Conducive to the sorting and at the uniform velocity of material, sorting and transfer efficiency are improved;The cross section of intake stack 25 gradually becomes smaller along air inlet direction, This setting can be such that wind-force more concentrates, to keep rubbish wind-engaging effect more preferable, reach better separating effect.Conveyer belt 21 During conveying to rubbish, in rubbish, rubbish makes difference after being tossed for material casting mechanism and fan structure meeting collective effect There are gaps to be in loose discrete state between rubbish, convenient for wind-engaging, avoids mixing under rubbish stationary state from pressing together, nothing Separating effect is not achieved in the abundant wind-engaging of method, and rubbish is mingled with the rubbish of different quality together during throwing and falling Rubbish is able to initial gross separation, further provides for advantageous condition for rubbish wind-engaging sorting, keeps sorting more abundant.The machine of 21 two sides of conveyer belt 4 upper surface of frame offers sliding slot, and the lower edge of seal closure 24 is fixedly installed with the pulley 242 matched with sliding slot, and seal closure 24 is logical It crosses pulley 242 to be slidably mounted in rack 4, seal closure 24 uses this mounting means, convenient for opening seal closure 24 to setting It is standby to repair maintenance;The inner wall of seal closure 24 is symmetrically installed with baffle 241, and the baffle 241 is located at the top of pulley 242, The width of baffle 241 is identical as the installation gap of seal closure 24 and rack 4, setting baffle 241 be in order to block seal closure 24 with The installation gap of rack 4 further increases the leakproofness of seal closure 24, and the top of pulley 242 is arranged in baffle 241, can The rubbish being scattered is accepted, avoids rubbish from falling on sliding slot and pulley 242 so that influencing their cooperation, and the rubbish being scattered is more Easy to clean;Seal closure 24 offers feed inlet above feed end, and feeding warehouse is equipped on feed inlet, and seal closure 24 is discharging End offers discharge port, and rubbish is from the material-conveying belt that conveyer belt 21 is entered in seal closure 24 and fallen in feeding warehouse, then from out Material mouth discharging.The setting of seal closure 24 makes the top of conveyer belt 21 form a sealing air flue, further mentions conducive to rubbish wind-engaging High separating effect, and rubbish can be constrained in seal closure 24, it avoids rubbish from throwing and be scattered everywhere after wind-engaging, reduces dust Pollution and noise pollution.For conveyer belt 21 during conveying to rubbish, material casting mechanism and fan structure meeting collective effect are in rubbish Rubbish, rubbish make between different rubbish that there are gaps to be in loose discrete state after being tossed, convenient for wind-engaging, avoid rubbish static Mixing presses together under state, is unable to fully wind-engaging, is not achieved separating effect, and rubbish is during throwing and falling, The rubbish for being mingled with different quality together is able to initial gross separation, further provides for advantageous condition for rubbish wind-engaging sorting, makes point It selects more abundant.
Material casting mechanism includes multiple carrying roller mounting racks 26 ridden upon in 21 machine frame at two sides 4 of conveyer belt, is held in the palm in the present embodiment Roller mounting rack 26 is 7, and mounting rack is smaller in the spacing in feed end, to improve the bearing capacity of feed end, carrying roller mounting rack 26 On be mounted on carrying roller 261, the carrying roller 261 is located at the lower section of 21 conveyor surface of conveyer belt, and perpendicular to 21 side of conveying of conveyer belt To setting, carrying roller mounting rack 26 is the conventional carrying roller mounting rack 26 used on conveyer belt 21, including two longitudinally disposed installations Beam 262, the mounting rail 262 are located at the two sides of conveyer belt 21, and the bottom of mounting rail 262 is connected by bottom beam 264, described Carrying roller 261 is installed between two mounting rails 262, and the upper end of the mounting rail 262, which is equipped with, prevents entangling for the offset of conveyer belt 21 Side spin 263, correction bar 263 are located at the two sides of conveyer belt 21, and arrangement above can avoid conveyer belt 21 upward by carrying roller 261 It shifts when active force, to guarantee the normal operation and material casting effect of conveyer belt 21, correction bar 263 is cylindrical body, to subtract The small abrasion to conveyer belt 21.Then the present embodiment recycles hydraulic cylinder 29 by dividing into top set bar 27 in carrying roller mounting rack 26 It does work to mandril 27, makes mandril 27 that carrying roller mounting rack 26 be driven to move upwards, piston rod 291 stretches, and mandril rises or moves down So that conveyer belt is generated vibration, realizes material casting, material casting mechanism takes full advantage of the intrinsic component of conventional conveyor in the present embodiment Such as carrying roller 261 and carrying roller mounting rack 26, them is made to be provided simultaneously with the function of support and material casting, to keep the structure of mechanism simpler Single compact, functionality, practicability, suitability are stronger, and can be transformed to existing conveying mechanism can be realized material casting, manufacture at Originally, operating cost is low.
Limit pedestal 41 is symmetrically welded in the rack 4 of 21 two sides of conveyer belt, limit pedestal 41 is 7 groups in the present embodiment, Each carrying roller mounting rack 26 is limited in one group of limit pedestal 41, and the section of limit pedestal 41 is triangle, and supported at three point mentions High its supports stability, and the mounting rail 262 of carrying roller mounting rack 26 plugs wherein, and can move up and down, limit pedestal 41 Setting is to avoid its back and forth or left and right in rack 4 from moving to guarantee that carrying roller mounting rack 26 is merely able to move up and down and realize material casting It is dynamic, its material casting and support effect are influenced, the kinetic energy for making full use of power mechanism to provide carries out effective material casting, and the branch that can be consolidated Support is supported the rubbish on conveyer belt 21 and conveyer belt 21 on bracket;The bottom end face of mounting rail 262 is provided with buffering Device, is used as buffer using buffer spring 265 in the present embodiment, and the setting of buffer spring 265 can effectively reduce carrying roller installation The impact force generated when frame 26 falls to rack 4, to extend the service life of device, and reduces noise.
One external fan 5 is installed in the rack 4 of discharge end, external fan 5 can be such that rubbish falls from discharge port Shi Zaici wind-engaging is set with fan housing 51 to improve separating effect on external fan 5, the front end of fan housing 51 is integrally formed flat mouth shape The height of tuyere 52, the width of the tuyere 52 and the equivalent width of discharge port, tuyere 52 is lower than discharge port, arrangement above wind-force It more concentrates, and the uniform wind-engaging of the rubbish fallen can be made, to keep rubbish wind-engaging effect more preferable, reach better separating effect.
Material-gathering device 3 include installation chassis 31, installation chassis 31 be rectangular frame structure, You Sigen support rod weld and At, the installation chassis 31 is fixed on ground, effectively to be supported to partition 32, two to be parallel to each other piece support rod it is upper Surface offers slideway, and the sliding block 33 that muti-piece is matched with slideway is equipped in slideway, and arrangement above can be according to building waste kind The concrete conditions such as class, 21 conveying speed of conveyer belt, wind speed adjust partition 32 arrive suitable position, with preferably to building waste into Row separation and collection, avoid 32 spacing of partition be arranged it is improper cause sorting after building waste mix again.The present embodiment Middle sliding block 33 is 3, and the sliding block 33 includes sliding part and mounting portion, and sliding part is inlaid in slideway and is slided, mounting portion It is hinged with partition 32, offers mounting hole in the middle part of mounting portion, the lower part of partition 32 is fixedly welded with installation axle 321, installation axle 321 It is hinged in mounting hole, the periphery of mounting hole and installation axle 321 offers the adjustment hole 34 matched, inserts in adjustment hole 34 There is the positioning pin 35 positioned to partition 32, partition 32 is rotatably hinged on sliding block 33, can adjust partition according to demand 32 setting angle, to realize the adjustment of 32 upper end spacing of partition in the case where not changing the spacing of 32 lower end of partition, thus The garbage inlet of different in width is formed to cooperate the rubbish after sorting, and the spacing of 32 lower end of partition is constant convenient for setting belt Different rubbish after sorting are delivered to corresponding station by conveyer.
The working principle of refuse classification conveying equipment disclosed in the present embodiment is that building waste after crushing is by feeding warehouse It enters in seal closure 24, and falls in the feed end of conveyer belt 21, conveyer belt 21 drives building rubbish under the transmission of driving wheel 22 Rubbish is advanced to discharge end;During transported, hydraulic cylinder 29 works building waste, and the piston rod 291 of hydraulic cylinder 29 acts on In mandril 27, mandril 27 drives carrying roller mounting rack 26 to move up and down, and incites somebody to action so that carrying roller 261 moves up and down and acts on conveyer belt 21 Rubbish on conveyer belt 21 is thrown, and rubbish is during throwing with whereabouts due to mass gravity difference, falling speed and movement Track is different, and rubbish can obtain preliminary separation, and rubbish can be repeatedly tossed in entire transmission process, when rubbish is reached close to out Expect end internal fan 251 at when, various rubbish have been in initial gross separation state, and will not be mingled with together, various rubbish it Between there are gap be in loose condition (of surface), the two sides of conveyer belt 21 are built-in to be given to the rubbish in initial gross separation and dispersity simultaneously Wind, different rubbish are since quality difference can have different speed under the action of the wind, so that different motion profiles is formed, and The inclination of intake stack 25 is installed on seal closure 24, when rubbish wind-engaging, not only by upward power, is also advanced forward Power, intake stack 25 are arranged close to discharge end, and the wind-engaging state of rubbish continues to discharging, and rubbish is thrown during transportation The collective effect of material and wind, has been differently formed different fall trajectories due to quality when rubbish is fallen from discharge port to realize Separation, transport and carry out in seal closure 24 material casting to wind, and rubbish is constrained in seal closure 24, avoid rubbish throw and It is scattered everywhere after wind-engaging, reduces dust pollution and noise pollution and wind-engaging effect can be improved;When rubbish falls from discharge port again By the wind of external fan 5, so that separating effect is more preferable;The partition 32 of material-gathering device 3 is adjusted according to the discharging track of rubbish To suitable position, the rubbish after alloing sorting accurately fall into it is specified gather materials in region, the rubbish after avoiding separation goes out It is mixed again after material.
It should be understood that in claims, specification of the utility model, all " including ... " should be understood as out The meaning of formula is put, that is, its meaning is equal to " including at least ... ", but should not be understood as enclosed meaning, i.e. its meaning It should not be construed " only including ... ".The terms such as term " installation ", " connected ", " connection ", " fixation " shall be understood in a broad sense, example Such as, may be fixed connection or may be dismantle connection, or integral connection, for those of ordinary skill in the art and Speech, can understand the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the present invention as the case may be.The orientation of the instructions such as "upper", "lower" Or positional relationship is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is merely for convenience of describing, rather than indication or suggestion institute The device of finger must have specific orientation or positional relationship, therefore should not be understood as the limitation to the application.
Above description is only a specific implementation of the present invention, but the protection scope of the utility model is not limited to In this, variation that those skilled in the art are made in the essential scope of the utility model, is added or is replaced remodeling It changes, should all cover within the protection scope of utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of refuse classification conveying equipment, which is characterized in that including feeding warehouse (1), sorting conveyer device (2), material-gathering device (3) and rack (4), the sorting conveyer device (2) include delivery section and sorting portion, and the delivery section includes the defeated of carrying waste The driving wheel for sending band (21) and driving conveying belt (21) to operate, the conveyer belt (21) are stretched on driving wheel and have feed end And discharge end;The top of feed end is arranged in the feeding warehouse (1), and the material-gathering device (3) is arranged close to discharge end, and is located at The lower section of discharge end;The sorting portion includes material casting mechanism and fan structure, and the material casting mechanism is arranged in conveyer belt (21) Lower section, and can act on conveyer belt (21) to throw the rubbish on conveyer belt (21), the fan structure includes that button covers on Seal closure (24) above conveyer belt (21), and the intake stack (25) being arranged on seal closure (24), the intake stack (25) it is connect with wind-force source and blows into seal closure (24) and blow to rubbish.
2. a kind of refuse classification conveying equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the material casting mechanism includes multiple The carrying roller mounting rack (26) in conveyer belt (21) machine frame at two sides (4) is ridden upon, carrying roller mounting rack is mounted on carrying roller on (26) (261), the carrying roller (261) is located at the lower section of conveyer belt (21) conveyor surface, and is arranged perpendicular to conveyer belt (21) conveying direction, The downward vertical of carrying roller mounting rack (26) is provided with mandril (27), and the mandril (27) can be upper and lower under the action of power mechanism It moves and carrying roller mounting rack (26) is driven to move up and down and realize material casting.
3. a kind of refuse classification conveying equipment according to claim 2, which is characterized in that be provided on the rack (4) It limits pedestal (41), the carrying roller mounting rack (26) is limited in limit pedestal (41) and only has the freedom of up and down direction Degree.
4. a kind of refuse classification conveying equipment according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the carrying roller mounting rack (26) Upper end is provided with the correction bar (263) for preventing conveyer belt (21) from deviating, and the correction bar (263) is located at the two sides of conveyer belt (21) And its top is higher than the conveyor surface of conveyer belt.
5. a kind of refuse classification conveying equipment according to Claims 2 or 3 or 4, which is characterized in that the power mechanism packet The cam (28) being located at below mandril (27) is included, the cam (28) is fixedly arranged on power input shaft (286), power input shaft (286) end is connect by transmission device with motor drive, and the cam (28) includes the first circular arc wall (281) and the second circle Arc wall (282), is connected between the first circular arc wall (281) and the second circular arc wall (282) by tangent line, and the first circular arc wall (281) is supported When leaning against the lower end of mandril (27), mandril (27) is jacked up and carrying roller (261) mounting rack (26) is driven to move upwards, the second circle When arc wall (282) is resisted against the lower end of mandril (27), mandril (27) restores under the gravity of carrying roller (261) mounting rack (26) To initial position.
6. a kind of refuse classification conveying equipment according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the transmission device includes fixed Driving gear (283) on motor output shaft, the driving chain (285) engaged with driving gear (283), further includes being installed in The driven gear (284) of power input shaft (286) end, the driven gear (284) are engaged with driving chain (285).
7. a kind of refuse classification conveying equipment according to Claims 2 or 3 or 4, which is characterized in that the power mechanism packet The hydraulic cylinder (29) being set to below mandril (27) is included, the piston rod (291) of the hydraulic cylinder (29) is connected to mandril (27) Lower end, mandril (27) can move up and down under the action of piston rod.
8. a kind of refuse classification conveying equipment according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, which is characterized in that the rack (4) It is provided with external fan (5), is set on external fan (5) fan housing (51) positioned at the side of discharge end, the front end of fan housing (51) With tuyere (52).
9. a kind of refuse classification conveying equipment according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, which is characterized in that the dress that gathers materials Setting (3) includes installation chassis (31) and partition (32), is provided with slideway in installation chassis (31), is provided with muti-piece and cunning in slideway To the sliding block (33) of cooperation, the partition (32) is slidably mounted in installation chassis (31) by sliding block (33), described in road The slidably direction of partition (32) is consistent with the discharging direction of rubbish.
10. a kind of refuse classification conveying equipment according to claim 9, which is characterized in that the partition (32) can be rotated Be hinged on sliding block (33), the setting angle of partition (32) is adjustable and can be locked by positioning device.
CN201821948629.9U 2018-11-09 2018-11-24 A kind of refuse classification conveying equipment Active CN209452282U (en)

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CN2018218518555 2018-11-09

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CN201821948312.5U Active CN209238427U (en) 2018-11-09 2018-11-24 A kind of building waste separation system
CN201821946966.4U Active CN209349042U (en) 2018-11-09 2018-11-24 A kind of refuse classification conveying device
CN201821949837.0U Active CN209452286U (en) 2018-11-09 2018-11-24 A kind of light material separator
CN201821948629.9U Active CN209452282U (en) 2018-11-09 2018-11-24 A kind of refuse classification conveying equipment

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CN201821948312.5U Active CN209238427U (en) 2018-11-09 2018-11-24 A kind of building waste separation system
CN201821946966.4U Active CN209349042U (en) 2018-11-09 2018-11-24 A kind of refuse classification conveying device
CN201821949837.0U Active CN209452286U (en) 2018-11-09 2018-11-24 A kind of light material separator

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2020094142A1 (en) * 2018-11-09 2020-05-14 毛雪梅 Waste sorting conveyor device

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110899112A (en) * 2019-12-13 2020-03-24 格林美股份有限公司 Thin slice thickness sorting unit

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2020094142A1 (en) * 2018-11-09 2020-05-14 毛雪梅 Waste sorting conveyor device
WO2020094139A1 (en) * 2018-11-09 2020-05-14 毛雪梅 Garbage sorting and conveying apparatus
WO2020094140A1 (en) * 2018-11-09 2020-05-14 毛雪梅 Lightweight material separation device

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CN209452286U (en) 2019-10-01
CN209238427U (en) 2019-08-13

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