CN208616942U - Cargo de-stacking loading system and logistics system - Google Patents

Cargo de-stacking loading system and logistics system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208616942U
CN208616942U CN201821191443.3U CN201821191443U CN208616942U CN 208616942 U CN208616942 U CN 208616942U CN 201821191443 U CN201821191443 U CN 201821191443U CN 208616942 U CN208616942 U CN 208616942U
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China
Prior art keywords
cargo
stacking
loading
conveying
saddle
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CN201821191443.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许大红
石江涛
张�杰
程朝辉
翟新
黄盼龙
田艺
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Hefei Taihe Intelligent Technology Group Co Ltd
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Hefei Taihe Optoelectronic Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses cargo de-stacking loading system and logistics systems, are related to technical field of conveying machinery.A kind of cargo de-stacking loading system, for cargo to be conveyed to and is loaded into target carriage, cargo de-stacking loading system includes: the de-stacking device for sorting cargo.It is connected to de-stacking device and the first transmission mechanism for receiving cargo and conveying articles.It is connected to accordion conveyor of first transmission mechanism for conveying articles to target carriage.Automatic loading machine, automatic loading machine are selectively connected to accordion conveyor for being set to loading face, automatic loading machine to receive cargo, and automatic loading function is mobile relative to loading end and is used for store items.A kind of logistics system is applied to above mentioned goods de-stacking loading system.Goods sorting can be conveyed and be piled up in target carriage by cargo de-stacking loading system and logistics system, be able to achieve and be continuously conveyed and automatic loading, and work efficiency is high, save cost of labor.

Description

Cargo de-stacking loading system and logistics system
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of conveying machinery, in particular to cargo de-stacking loading system and logistics system System.
Background technique
In manufacturing enterprise, when product needs entrucking to transport outward, common practice is that Forklift Worker will be at production line end with fork truck The stack fork piled up in end or warehouse is sent in compartment, then by worker's de-stacking, carrying, entrucking.This working method is cumbersome, effect Rate is low, large labor intensity, increases the recruitment cost of enterprise.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of cargo de-stacking loading systems, can goods sorting be conveyed and be piled up It is continuously conveyed and automatic loading in being able to achieve in target carriage, integrated degree is high, and work efficiency is high, saves cost of labor.
The another object of the utility model is to provide a kind of logistics system, can convey goods sorting and pile up in mesh It marks on vehicle, is able to achieve and is continuously conveyed and automatic loading, integrated degree is high, and work efficiency is high, saves cost of labor.
The utility model provides a kind of technical solution:
A kind of cargo de-stacking loading system, for cargo to be conveyed to and is loaded into target carriage, the target carriage, which has, to be carried Goods face, for carrying the cargo, the cargo de-stacking loading system includes: de-stacking device in the loading face, the de-stacking dress It sets for sorting the cargo.First transmission mechanism, first transmission mechanism are connected to described in the de-stacking device and reception Cargo, first transmission mechanism is for conveying the cargo.Accordion conveyor, described accordion conveyor one end are connected to For first transmission mechanism to receive the cargo, the other end of the accordion conveyor extends to the loading face, described Accordion conveyor is for conveying the cargo to the loading face, and the accordion conveyor can change its transport path Length.Lift steps on Che Pingtai, and the lift steps on vehicle platform for being connected to the target carriage, and the lift is stepped on Vehicle platform has loading end, and the lift is stepped on vehicle platform and can selectively be gone up and down to increase or reduce the loading end and institute The distance between the loading face of stating.Automatic loading machine, the automatic loading machine is for being set to the loading face, the automatic loading Machine is selectively connected to the accordion conveyor to receive the cargo, the relatively described loading end of automatic loading function It moves and is used to pile up the cargo.
Further, the de-stacking device includes three coordinate moving platforms, hoistable platform and inhales dismantling device, and the lifting is flat Platform is set to inside three coordinate moving platform, and the suction dismantling device is movably connected on three coordinate moving platform, and The suction dismantling device can be mobile relative to three coordinate moving platform and sorts the cargo.
Further, three coordinate moving platform includes bracket, the first sliding part and the second sliding part, and described first is sliding Moving part, second sliding part and the hoistable platform are all set in the internal stent, and first sliding part, described It second sliding part and inhales dismantling device and is located at the top of the hoistable platform, be provided with the first sliding rail on the bracket, described first Sliding part is slidably connected to first sliding rail, and the second sliding rail is provided on first sliding part, and second sliding part is sliding It is dynamic to be connected to second sliding rail, guide rod is provided on second sliding part, the suction dismantling device is slidably connected to described Guide rod, the extending direction two of the extending direction of first sliding rail, the extending direction of second sliding rail and the guide rod Two is vertical.
Further, the automatic loading machine includes walking mechanism, rack, structure for conveying and stacking structure, the walking Mechanism is set to the lower section of the rack, and the structure for conveying is set to the machine frame inside, one end choosing of the structure for conveying Selecting property is connected to the accordion conveyor to receive the cargo, and it is another that the stacking structure is set to the structure for conveying End is to receive the cargo, and the stacking structure is movably connected on the rack with the relatively described machine frame movement and pushes institute Cargo is stated to designated place.
Further, the stacking structure includes moving structure, saddle, two push plates and two baffles, the mobile knot Structure is movably connected on the rack, and the saddle is connected to the moving structure, and the saddle is located at the structure for conveying One end far from the accordion conveyor, two baffles are movably connected on the moving structure, and described in two Baffle is located at the two sides of the saddle, and two push plates are connected to the moving structure, and two push plates are located at institute It states between saddle and the structure for conveying, two push plate intervals are arranged and are formed mouth of stocking up, and the cargo can pass through described Mouth of stocking up is delivered to the saddle, and the moving structure can drive the saddle to move along first direction, the moving structure energy The push plate is driven to move in a second direction, the moving structure can drive two baffles to move and select along third direction It is located remotely from each other two baffles or close to each other, the first direction, the second direction and the third Direction is vertical two-by-two.
Further, the moving structure includes the first slide construction, the second slide construction and third slide construction, described First slide construction is slidably connected to the rack and can move relative to the rack along the first direction, second sliding Structure is slidably connected to first slide construction and can be mobile relative to second direction described in first slide construction, and described the Three slide constructions be slidably connected to second slide construction and can relatively described second slide construction moved along the third direction Dynamic, the saddle is connected to first slide construction, and two push plates are all connected to second slide construction, two institutes It states baffle and is all connected to the third slide construction.
Further, the stacking structure further includes shifting fork structure, and the shifting fork structure is slidably connected to the conveying knot Structure, and the shifting fork structure protrudes from the saddle, the shifting fork structure can the relatively described saddle done along the third direction It moves back and forth.
Further, it includes parking platform and elevating mechanism that the lift, which steps on vehicle platform, and the parking platform is set to described The top of elevating mechanism, and the upper side of the parking platform is loading end, and the elevating mechanism is adjustable the parking platform Highly.
Further, the cargo de-stacking loading system further includes compartment positioning system, and the compartment positioning system includes Multiple positioning columns, multiple positioning column interval settings, and multiple positioning columns surround parking space, the parking space For parking the target carriage.
A kind of logistics system, including cargo de-stacking loading system.The cargo de-stacking loading system is for conveying cargo And be loaded into target carriage, the target carriage has loading face, and the loading face is for carrying the cargo, the cargo de-stacking Loading system includes: de-stacking device, and the de-stacking device is for sorting the cargo.First transmission mechanism, first transmission Mechanism is connected to the de-stacking device and receives the cargo, and first transmission mechanism is for conveying the cargo.It is telescopic Conveyer, described accordion conveyor one end are connected to first transmission mechanism to receive the cargo, described telescopic defeated Send the other end of machine to extend to the loading face, the accordion conveyor for conveying the cargo to the loading face, and And the accordion conveyor can change the length of its transport path.Lift steps on Che Pingtai, and the lift steps on vehicle platform use In being connected to the target carriage, and the lift steps on vehicle platform with loading end, and the lift is stepped on vehicle platform and can be selected Go up and down to increase or reduce the distance between the loading end and the loading face to property.Automatic loading machine, the automatic dress For vehicle device for being set to the loading face, the automatic loading machine is selectively connected to the accordion conveyor to receive Cargo is stated, the automatic loading function is mobile relative to the loading end and for piling up the cargo.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect of cargo de-stacking loading system provided by the utility model and logistics system is:
Cargo de-stacking loading system provided by the utility model and logistics system pass through de-stacking device for goods sorting, and lead to The first transmission mechanism conveying articles are crossed, can be delivered to one by one multiple cargos after sorting by the first conveying mechanism telescopic Conveyer, and multiple cargos are delivered to one by one by loading face by accordion conveyor.Stepping on vehicle platform by lift will be automatic Carloader is moved to loading face, can by automatic loading machine by accordion conveyor be delivered to loading face cargo pile up at Pile, that is, be able to achieve the sorting of cargo and be delivered in target carriage and carry out stacking.Cargo de-stacking loading system and logistics can be passed through Goods sorting is conveyed and is piled up and is continuously conveyed and automatic loading in being able to achieve in target carriage by system, and integrated degree is high, work It is high-efficient, save cost of labor.
Detailed description of the invention
It, below will be to use required in embodiment in order to illustrate more clearly of the technical solution of the utility model embodiment Attached drawing be briefly described.It should be appreciated that the following drawings illustrates only some embodiments of the utility model, therefore should not be by Regard the restriction to range as.For those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, may be used also To obtain other relevant attached drawings according to these attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram for the cargo de-stacking loading system that the first embodiment of the utility model provides;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram for the de-stacking device that the first embodiment of the utility model provides;
Fig. 3 is the partial structural diagram for the de-stacking device that the first embodiment of the utility model provides;
Fig. 4 is the automatic loading machine structural schematic diagram that the first embodiment of the utility model provides;
Fig. 5 is the partial structural diagram for the automatic loading machine that the first embodiment of the utility model provides;
Fig. 6 is the flow chart for the cargo de-stacking loading method that the utility model second embodiment provides.
Icon: 10- cargo de-stacking loading system;11- at pile cargo;12- cargo;13- pallet;The loading face 14-;200- De-stacking device;Tri- coordinate moving platform of 210-;211- bracket;2111- column;2112- crossbeam;The first sliding part of 212-; 2121- sliding bar;The first slide unit of 2122-;The second sliding part of 213-;The second slide unit of 2131-;The first sliding rail of 214-;215- second Sliding rail;216- guide rod;220- hoistable platform;230- inhales dismantling device;240- cargo three-dimensional identifying system;241- first Bar;The second strut of 242-;The first transmission mechanism of 300-;400- accordion conveyor;410- carrier;420- transfer structure; 430- telescopic joint;500- automatic loading machine;510- walking mechanism;520- rack;521- arrying main body;522- support rod;523- Cross bar;530- structure for conveying;531- shifting fork structure;532- conveying roll;533- stop part;540- stacking structure;541- first Slide construction;The second slide construction of 542-;543- third slide construction;544- piles up device;5441- saddle;5442- baffle; 5443- push plate;550- rotating mechanism;560- guiding mechanism;570- piles up space three-dimensional identifying system;600- lift Deng Cheping Platform.
Specific embodiment
It is practical new below in conjunction with this to keep the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer Attached drawing in type embodiment, the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described.Obviously, it is retouched The embodiment stated is the utility model a part of the embodiment, instead of all the embodiments.Usually here in attached drawing description and The component of the utility model embodiment shown can be arranged and be designed with a variety of different configurations.
Therefore, requirement is not intended to limit to the detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention provided in the accompanying drawings below The scope of the utility model of protection, but it is merely representative of the selected embodiment of the utility model.Based in the utility model Embodiment, every other embodiment obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts, all Belong to the range of the utility model protection.
It should also be noted that similar label and letter indicate similar terms in following attached drawing, therefore, once a certain Xiang Yi It is defined in a attached drawing, does not then need that it is further defined and explained in subsequent attached drawing.
In the description of the present invention, it should be understood that term " on ", "lower", "inner", "outside", "left", "right" etc. The orientation or positional relationship of instruction be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings or the utility model product use when The orientation or positional relationship that the orientation or positional relationship or those skilled in the art usually put usually understand, be only for Convenient for description the utility model and simplify description, rather than the equipment of indication or suggestion meaning or element must have specifically Orientation is constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore should not be understood as limiting the present invention.
In addition, term " first ", " second " etc. are only used for distinguishing description, it is not understood to indicate or imply relatively important Property.
In the description of the present invention, it should also be noted that, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, " setting ", Terms such as " connections " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, " connection " may be a fixed connection, may be a detachable connection, or one Ground connection;It can be mechanical connection, be also possible to be electrically connected;Can be and be directly connected to, can also by between intermediary in succession It connects, can be the connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, can understand as the case may be The concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the present invention.
With reference to the accompanying drawing, specific embodiment of the present utility model is described in detail.
First embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, providing a kind of cargo de-stacking loading system 10 in the present embodiment, being used for will be at the cargo 11 of pile It conveys and is loaded into target carriage.Wherein, target carriage has loading face 14, and loading face 14 is used for bearing goods 12.In addition, at pile Cargo 11 include pallet 13 and multiple cargos 12, multiple 12 stackings of cargo are on pallet 13.10 energy of cargo de-stacking loading system It will sort and be delivered on loading face 14 at the cargo 11 of pile, and by multiple 12 stackings of cargo on loading face 14, that is, cargo De-stacking loading system 10 can will at the cargo 11 of pile sort convey and load to target carriage, can realize be continuously conveyed and from Dynamic entrucking, integrated degree is high, and work efficiency is high, saves cost of labor.
It should be noted that wherein, being referred at the cargo 11 of pile, the neat stacking of multiple cargos 12 is in pallet 13 On.
Cargo de-stacking loading system 10 include de-stacking device 200, the first transmission mechanism 300, accordion conveyor 400 and from Dynamic carloader 500.Wherein de-stacking device 200, the first transmission mechanism 300, accordion conveyor 400 and automatic loading machine 500 according to Secondary connection.De-stacking device 200 passes through de-stacking device 200 for cargo for receiving the cargo 11 at pile and sorting cargo 12 12 sort one by one and are delivered to the first transmission mechanism 300.First transmission mechanism 300 is used to receive the goods of the conveying of de-stacking device 200 Object 12, and cargo 12 is delivered to accordion conveyor 400 by the first transmission mechanism 300.Accordion conveyor 400 is for receiving Cargo 12 is simultaneously delivered to loading face 14 by cargo 12.At this point, the automatic loading machine 500 in the loading face of being set to 14 selectively connects Accordion conveyor 400 and the cargo 12 for receiving the conveying of accordion conveyor 400 are connected to mobile simultaneously relative to loading face 14 Cargo 12 is piled up on loading face 14.Be able to achieve cargo 12 be continuously conveyed and automatic loading, integrated degree are high, work It is high-efficient, save cost of labor.
Also, wherein accordion conveyor 400 can change the length of its transport path, so that cargo de-stacking loading system 10 adapt to the target carriage in different length, that is, it can will be delivered in the target carriage of different length in warehouse at the cargo of pile 11, Improve the universal suitability of cargo de-stacking loading system 10.
Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 are please referred to, de-stacking device 200 includes three coordinate moving platforms 210,220 and of hoistable platform Inhale dismantling device 230.Hoistable platform 220 is set to inside three coordinate moving platforms 210, and hoistable platform 220 is for carrying into pile Cargo 11, and hoistable platform 220 three coordinate moving platforms 210 can be gone up and down relatively, to be adjusted to the height of the cargo 11 of pile, In order to be sorted at the cargo 11 of pile.It inhales dismantling device 230 and is movably connected on three coordinate moving platforms 210, and inhale and tear open Device 230 can be mobile relative to three coordinate moving platforms 210 and sorts cargo 12.
Wherein, three coordinate moving platforms 210 include bracket 211, the first sliding part 212 and the second sliding part 213, and first is sliding Moving part 212, the second sliding part 213 and hoistable platform 220 are all set in inside bracket 211, in order to which bracket 211 is slided to first Part 212 and the second sliding part 213 provide carrying, guarantee the stability of bracket 211.And the first sliding part 212, the second sliding part 213 are respectively positioned on the top of hoistable platform 220 with suction dismantling device 230, sort on hoistable platform 220 in order to inhale dismantling device 230 Cargo 12.Further, the first sliding rail 214 is provided on bracket 211, the first sliding part 212 is slidably connected to the first sliding rail 214, and the first sliding part 212 can be slided along the first sliding rail 214.It is provided with the second sliding rail 215 on first sliding rail 214, second Sliding part 213 is slidably connected to the second sliding rail 215, and the second sliding part 213 can be slided along the second sliding rail 215.Second sliding It is provided with guide rod 216 on part 213, inhales dismantling device 230 and is slidably connected to guide rod 216, and inhales 230 energy edge of dismantling device and leads It is slided to bar 216.Also, in the present embodiment the extending direction of the first sliding rail 214, the second sliding rail 215 extending direction and lead Extending direction to bar 216 is vertical two-by-two, so that inhaling dismantling device 230 can be in the first sliding part 212 and the second sliding part 213 It can be moved to the arbitrary position inside bracket 211 under driving, sorted in order to inhale dismantling device 230 to cargo 12.
In the present embodiment, bracket 211 includes four columns 2111 being parallel to each other and two crossbeams being parallel to each other 2112, the both ends of each crossbeam 2112 are separately connected the end of two columns 2111, and are provided on each crossbeam 2112 The first sliding rail 214 extended along crossbeam 2112.Wherein, hoistable platform 220 is set between four columns 2111, in order to rise The sorting of cargo 12 on platform 220 is dropped.First sliding part 212 include sliding bar 2121 and two the first slide units 2122, two First slide unit 2122 is slidably connected to two the first sliding rails 214 respectively, and the both ends of sliding bar 2121 are connected to two first Slide unit 2122, and sliding bar 2121 is perpendicular to two crossbeams 2112, in order to which two the first slide units 2122 drive sliding bars 2121 sliding relative to crossbeam 2112.Second sliding rail 215 is set on sliding bar 2121, and the second sliding rail 215 is along sliding Bar 2121 extends.Second sliding part 213 includes guide rod 216 and the second slide unit 2131, and the second slide unit 2131 is slidably connected to the Two sliding rails 215, guide rod 216 are connected to the second slide unit 2131, inhale dismantling device 230 and are then slidably connected to guide rod 216, and inhale Dismantling device 230 can be slided along guide rod 216.
It should be noted that in the present embodiment, being provided between the first sliding rail 214 and one of them first slide unit 2122 Sliding equipment, sliding equipment are connected to the first slide unit 2122 to provide the power of sliding, wherein skate machine to the first slide unit 2122 Structure includes motor and gear & rack structure, and motor and gear are all connected to the first slide unit 2122, and rack gear is then connected to the first sliding rail 214 and along the first sliding rail 214 extend, and gear and rack gear intermeshing so that motor driven gear rotate when, in tooth The first slide unit 2122 is driven to move along the first sliding rail 214 under the interaction of wheel and rack gear.Similarly, the second slide unit 2131 and second Another sliding equipment is equally set between sliding rail 215, which includes another motor and another gear & rack structure, motor Be connected to the second slide unit 2131 with gear, rack gear is connected to the second sliding rail 215 and extends along the second sliding rail 215, and gear and Rack gear is meshed, and equally when motor driven gear rotates, the second slide unit 2131 can be enabled to move along the second sliding rail 215.Separately Outside, in the present embodiment, it is additionally provided with another motor and screw structure on the second slide unit 2131, motor is installed on the second slide unit On 2131, screw rod, which is connected to, inhales dismantling device 230, and the extending direction of screw rod is identical as the extending direction of guide rod 216, and Motor is connected to screw rod to drive screw rod to rotate.In addition, being provided with guiding compatible with guide rod 216 on the second slide unit 2131 Hole and threaded hole compatible with screw rod, guide rod 216 are protruded into inside pilot hole and can be moved along pilot hole, and screw rod is then set to Inside threaded hole, so that screw rod can be moved threadingly in hole when motor is when driving screw rod rotation, it just can drive and inhale dismantling device 230 It is moved along screw rod.That is, in the present embodiment, there are two motors for setting on the second slide unit 2131, and one of motor is for controlling Second slide unit 2131 is slided along the second sliding rail 215, another motor then drives screw rod to rotate.In addition, passing through 216 He of guide rod The cooperation of pilot hole provides guiding role to dismantling device 230 is inhaled, and ensure that the moving stability for inhaling dismantling device 230, avoids inhaling and tear open Device 230 is deviated when moving along screw rod.
It should be appreciated that in other embodiments, slide construction and dynamic structure can be replaced, i.e., replaced using screw structure Slide construction is changed, so that guiding and power are provided by dynamic structure between the first sliding rail 214 and the first slide unit 2122, the Guiding and power are provided by dynamic structure between two slide units 2131 and the second sliding rail 215.Or it is dynamic using slide construction replacement Power structure provides guiding and power by slide construction between dismantling device 230 and the second slide unit 2131 so that inhaling.
In addition, inhaling dismantling device 230 includes inhaling to tear frame, servo motor, servo motor turntable and sucker group, servo motor open It is all connected to inhale with sucker group and tears frame open, to tear frame open to servo motor and the offer carrying of sucker group by inhaling.And it inhales and tears frame open Frame is connected to the end of guide rod 216 and screw rod.Sucker group includes multiple suckers, and multiple suckers are mutually indepedent, i.e., each Sucker can work independently, so that different shape or different big can be drawn by way of the different work in combination of multiple suckers Small cargo 12.Servo motor turntable is connected to sucker group, and servo motor turntable is rotationally connected with suction and tears frame open, watches It takes motor to be connected to servo motor turntable and provide the power of rotation to servo motor turntable, so that servo motor rotates Platform can drive sucker group to rotate, and in order to which sucker group draws the different cargos 12 for placing orientation, equally can also adjust cargo 12 Orientation is placed, so that cargo 12 can be placed in the transport and stacking that cargo 12 is convenient in position appropriate.
Further, in the present embodiment, it inhales on dismantling device 230 and is additionally provided with cargo three-dimensional identifying system 240, cargo three Dimension identification is 240 tops for being set to hoistable platform 220, so that when being positioned to the cargo 11 of pile on hoistable platform 220, cargo Three-dimensional identifying system 240 can detect the position of cargo 12, in order to inhale the sorting that dismantling device 230 carries out cargo 12.
In addition, de-stacking device 200 further includes controller (not shown), the three-dimensional identifying system of cargo 12 is electrically connected with controller It connects, so that the location information that the position that the three-dimensional identifying system of cargo 12 will test cargo 12 obtains is sent to controller.Separately Outside, multiple motors in three coordinate moving platforms 210 are all connected to controller, and controller is controlled after receiving location information Motor running processed sorts cargo 12 so that motor can drive suction dismantling device 230 to move to designated position.
Referring to Fig. 1, one end of the first transmission mechanism 300 is connected to de-stacking device 200 and for receiving cargo 12, that is, The cargo 12 that de-stacking device 200 sorts is delivered to the first transmission mechanism 300, and passes through 300 conveying articles 12 of the first transmission mechanism. In the present embodiment, the first transmission mechanism 300 conveying articles 12 by the way of conveyer belt transmission.Also, the first transmission mechanism 300 other end is connected to accordion conveyor 400, that is, cargo 12 is delivered to telescopic conveying by the first transmission mechanism 300 Machine 400.
400 one end of accordion conveyor is connected to the first transmission mechanism 300 to receive cargo 12, and accordion conveyor 400 other end extends to loading face 14, so that cargo 12 can be delivered to loading face 14 by accordion conveyor 400.Also, In the present embodiment, accordion conveyor 400 can change the length of its transport path, so that accordion conveyor 400 can fit The universal suitability of cargo de-stacking loading system 10 should be improved in the target carriage of different length.
Fig. 1, Fig. 5 and Fig. 6 are please referred to, automatic loading machine 500 is movably set in loading face 14, automatic loading machine 500 Accordion conveyor 400 is selectively connected to receive cargo 12, and automatic loading machine 500 can be mobile simultaneously relative to loading end For store items 12.That is, in the present embodiment, when cargo 12 is delivered on loading face 14 by accordion conveyor 400, Cargo 12 is received by automatic loading machine 500 and piles up cargo 12 on loading face 14.
Automatic loading machine 500 includes walking mechanism 510, rack 520, structure for conveying 530 and stacking structure 540, wherein going The lower section that mechanism 510 is set to rack 520 is walked, structure for conveying 530 and stacking structure 540 are all connected to rack 520.That is, passing through Rack 520 provides bearing to structure for conveying 530 and stacking structure 540, and drives rack 520, conveying knot by walking mechanism 510 Structure 530 and stacking structure 540 are mobile, in order to receive the cargo 12 of the conveying of accordion conveyor 400, and cargo 12 are conveyed It piles up in specified position.Wherein, one end of structure for conveying 530 is for being selectively connected to accordion conveyor 400 to connect The cargo 12 that accordion conveyor 400 conveys is received, and the cargo 12 received can be delivered to stacking structure by structure for conveying 530 540.Stacking structure 540 is movably connected on rack 520, i.e. stacking structure 540 receives the cargo 12 that structure for conveying 530 conveys, The cargo 12 received can be piled up to designated place relative to the movement of rack 520 by stacking structure 540.
In the present embodiment, structure for conveying 530 uses conveyor type structure, steadily conveys in a manner of through conveyer belt Cargo 12.It should be appreciated that in other embodiments, structure for conveying 530 can also be conveyed using modes such as drum structures.
In the present embodiment, stacking structure 540 includes moving structure 541,542, two push plates 543 of saddle and two baffles 544。
Wherein, moving structure 541 is movably connected on rack 520, i.e. moving structure 541 can be mobile relative to rack 520.Saddle 542 are connected to moving structure 541, and saddle 542 is located at the one end of structure for conveying 530 far from accordion conveyor 400, can The cargo 12 of the conveying of structure for conveying 530 is received and accepted by saddle 542.In the present embodiment, moving structure 541 can drive Saddle 542 is moved along first direction, it should be noted that first direction is upwardly direction in the present embodiment, i.e., mobile knot Structure 541 can drive saddle 542 to lift cargo 12, so that cargo 12 can be lifted to different height by saddle 542, in order to The stacking of cargo 12.
Two push plates 543 are all connected to moving structure 541, and two push plates 543 are located at saddle 542 and structure for conveying Between 530.Two intervals of push plate 543 are arranged and are formed mouth 5431 of stocking up, and cargo 12 can pass through mouth 5431 of stocking up and be delivered to saddle 542.Wherein, moving structure 541 can drive push plate 543 to move in a second direction, to pass through push plate 543 for the goods on saddle 542 Object 12 is released and is piled up in specified position.Wherein, in the present embodiment, the conveying direction of structure for conveying 530 is in a second direction Extend.
Further, flexible side plate (figure is not marked) is provided in each push plate 543, flexible side plate is slidably connected to push plate 543, and flexible side plate is parallel with push plate 543.Flexible side plate can be mobile to close towards mouth 5431 of stocking up relative to push plate 543 It stocks up mouth 5431.It, can be by the shifting of push plate 543 also, when moving structure 541 is when driving push plate 543 to move in a second direction The flexible side plate of dynamic while drive moves in a second direction, just can pass through the collective effect of two push plates 543 and two flexible side plates Guarantee the planarization that the cargo 12 on saddle 542 pushes, avoids the case where being scattered when cargo 12 is mobile relative to saddle 542 hair It is raw.
Two baffles 544 are movably connected on moving structure 541, and two baffles 544 are located at the two of saddle 542 Side can pass through saddle so that the width for accepting the space of cargo 12 on saddle 542 can be limited by two baffles 544 Cooperation between 542 and two baffles 544 is so that the space width of the undertaking cargo 12 on saddle 542 is adjusted;In addition, two A baffle 544 can also provide the clamping action of cargo 12 on saddle 542, i.e., when multiple cargos 12 are delivered on saddle 542, energy Multiple cargos 12 are made to be able to maintain stabilization by the clamping action of two baffles 544.Also, in the present embodiment, moving structure 541 can drive two baffles 544 to move along third direction respectively and make two baffles 544 close to each other or be located remotely from each other, The distance between two baffles 544 of mobile adjusting of two baffles 544 can be driven respectively by moving structure 541, and then are adjusted Save the width that the space of cargo 12 is accepted on saddle 542;And can by mobile device drive two baffles 544 movement so that Two baffles 544 clamp multiple cargos 12 on saddle 542.It should be noted that in the present embodiment, third direction is vertical The plane that straight line and second direction place straight line where first direction are formed.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, the conveying direction for extending perpendicularly to structure for conveying 530 of saddle 542, i.e., Saddle 542 extends along third direction.And the length of saddle 542 is greater than the width of structure for conveying 530,530 face of structure for conveying In the middle part of saddle 542, so that cargo can be delivered on saddle 542 by structure for conveying 530.Wherein, saddle 542 includes saddle Frame 5421 and multiple first rollers 5422 and multiple second rollers 5423, multiple first rollers 5422 and multiple second rollers 5423 are rotationally connected with saddle frame 5421, and multiple first rollers 5422 and multiple second rollers 5423 can be with itself Axis is that axis is rotated relative to saddle frame 5421.Wherein, it is defeated to be set to face on saddle frame 5421 for multiple first rollers 5422 Send the part of structure 530, and the axis of the first roller 5422 is perpendicular to the conveying direction of structure for conveying 530, i.e., multiple first Roller 5422 along third direction extend so that the cargo 12 that structure for conveying 530 is delivered to saddle frame 5421 can pass through it is multiple The rotation of first roller 5422 is moved on saddle 542 convenient for cargo 12.It should be noted that the first roller 5422 can not only Convenient for the conveying of cargo 12, while carrying effect also is provided to cargo 12.Further, in the present embodiment, the first roller 5422 length and the width of structure for conveying 530 are adapted.Multiple second rollers 5423 are set to multiple first roller, 5422 edges Two sides on third direction, and the axis of multiple second rollers 5423 is perpendicular to the axis of the first roller 5422.In addition, more The co-planar that the plane and multiple second rollers 5423 that a first roller 5422 is formed are formed.
Further, in the present embodiment, stacking structure 540 further includes shifting fork structure 545, and the sliding of shifting fork structure 545 connects It is connected to structure for conveying 530, and shifting fork structure 545 protrudes from saddle 542, the opposite saddle 542 of 545 energy of shifting fork structure is along third party To moving reciprocatingly.Specifically, in the present embodiment, multiple intervals of first roller 5422 setting, shifting fork structure 545 include multiple Shift fork (figure is not marked), multiple shift forks are each passed through the gap between the first roller of any two 5422 and protrude from saddle 542, And multiple shift forks can move reciprocatingly along third direction, i.e., multiple shift forks can be slided along the first roller 5422, will convey Cargo 12 on to the first roller 5422 dials on multiple second rollers 5423.Wherein pass through multiple second rollers 5423 Rotation can be convenient on goods movement to the second roller 5423, and the second roller 5423 equally provides carrying to cargo 12 and makees With.It should be noted that in the present embodiment, shifting fork structure 545 is set to the bottom of saddle 542, and multiple shift forks pass through Saddle 542 protrudes from saddle 542, in addition, shifting fork structure 545 is then held in place when saddle 542 is lifted along first direction, In order to which push plate 543 and flexible side plate push rows of cargo 12 to move the stacking of crudely-made articles object of going forward side by side in a second direction.
Wherein, when cargo 12 is delivered to the first roller 5422 from structure for conveying 530, pass through the sliding of the first roller 5422 Cargo 12 can be made rapidly to be moved on the first roller 5422, at this time by the reciprocating motion of shifting fork structure 545 by the first roller Cargo 12 on cylinder 5422 is dialed to respectively on multiple second rollers 5423 of two sides, just can be piled up in rows multiple cargos 12 On saddle 542, when the cargo 12 on saddle 542 piles up enough, mouth 5431 of stocking up is closed by flexible side plate.Mobile knot Structure 541 can be by driving the rows of cargo 12 of mobile clamping of two baffles 544, and can drive saddle by moving structure 541 542 are moved to height appropriate, then drive push plate 543 to push rows of cargo 12 and will be rows of by moving structure 541 Cargo 12 is piled up to designated place, that is, is able to achieve cargo 12 and is piled up in rows, and the efficiency of the stacking of cargo 12, section are greatly increased The a large amount of working time is saved.
It should be noted that being additionally provided with stop part 5424 on structure for conveying 530, stop part 5424 is located at multiple first Side of the roller 5422 far from structure for conveying 530 drops out to avoid the cargo 12 being moved on multiple first rollers 5422, and energy Multiple cargos 12 on the first roller 5422 carry out preliminary positioning action, multiple cargos 12 are piled up smooth.And And wherein stop part 5424 equally keeps in situ, when saddle 542 is lifted along first direction in order to rows of cargo 12 It releases and piles up.
Moving structure 541 includes the first slide construction 5411, the second slide construction 5412 and third slide construction 5413, the One slide construction 5411 is slidably connected to rack 520 and can move relative to rack 520 along first direction, wherein saddle 542 connects In the first slide construction 5411, so that the first slide construction 5411 can drive saddle 542 along first when moving along first direction Direction is mobile.Second slide construction 5412 is slidably connected to the first slide construction 5411 and can opposite first slide construction, 5411 edge Second direction is mobile, wherein offer the pilot hole (figure is not marked) extended in a second direction on the first slide construction 5411, second Slide construction 5412 is then slidably connected to inside pilot hole.Push plate 543 is connected to one end of the second slide construction 5412, so that Second slide construction 5412 can drive push plate 543 to move in a second direction when moving in a second direction.Third slide construction 5413 It is slidably connected to the second slide construction 5412 and can be moved relative to the second slide construction 5412 along third direction.Wherein, baffle 544 It is connected to third slide construction 5413, so that third slide construction 5413 can drive baffle 544 when moving along third direction It is moved along third direction.
Wherein, in the present embodiment, the first slide construction 5411, the second slide construction 5412 and third slide construction 5413 be two.Two the first slide constructions 5411 are set to the two sides of rack 520, so that two slide constructions can divide It is not connected to the two sides of saddle 542, to guarantee the steady of saddle 542, and can guarantee can be smoothly by saddle 542 along first direction It lifts.Two the second slide constructions 5412 correspond respectively to two push plates 543, i.e. two the second slide constructions 5412 are separately connected In two the first slide constructions 5411, two push plates 543 can be pushed simultaneously by two the second slide constructions 5412, and can be simultaneously Two flexible side plates are driven, just can guarantee by rows of multiple cargos 12 while can push to designated place and pile up, guarantee The planarization of cargo 12.Two third slide constructions 5413 are connected to two the second slide constructions 5412, and two gears Plate 544 is connected to two third slide constructions 5413, to pass through two third slide constructions 5413 opposite two the respectively Sliding two baffles 544 of control of two slide constructions 5412 are close to each other or are located remotely from each other.
It should be noted that in the present embodiment, stacking structure 540 further includes multiple motors, the first slide construction 5411 It is connect respectively with multiple motors with the second slide construction 5412, to be tied by motor to the first slide construction 5411 and the second sliding Structure 5412 provides mobile power;Stacking structure 540 further includes multiple cylinders, third gyration structure 5413 and two flexible side plates It is all connected to cylinder, to provide mobile power to third slide construction 5413 and two flexible side plates by cylinder.It should manage Solution, in other embodiments, motor can be replaced using hydraulic power unit or other actuating units etc.;Similarly, cylinder can To be replaced using motor or other actuating units etc..
In addition, in the present embodiment, chain drive structure is used between the first slide construction 5411 and rack 520, first is sliding Dynamic structure 5411 and the second slide construction 5412 use gear & rack structure, the second slide construction 5412 and third slide construction Sliding rail sliding groove structure is used between 5413.It should be appreciated that in other embodiments, drive mechanism can using gear & rack structure, Sprocket wheel chain or sliding rail sliding groove structure etc. replace.
Wherein, rack 520 includes arrying main body 521, multiple support rods 522 and multiple cross bars 523, multiple support rods 522 End be connected to arrying main body 521, multiple support rods 522 are extended in a first direction and are parallel to each other, and multiple Support rod 522 surrounds prismatic.Multiple cross bars 523 are connected to the other end of multiple support rods 522, to guarantee multiple support rods 522 stability.Structure for conveying 530 is connected to arrying main body 521, and structure for conveying 530 is set to multiple support rods 522 Between, to improve the stability of structure for conveying 530.Wherein the first slide construction 5411 is slidably connected to support rod 522, and first is sliding Dynamic structure 5411 can be moved along support rod 522 to drive saddle 542 to move along first direction.In addition, walking mechanism 510 is arranged In the lower section of arrying main body 521.In the present embodiment, walking mechanism 510 uses track structure, to improve the stabilization of walking Property.Further, the two sides of walking mechanism 510 are provided with range sensor (figure is not marked), so that working as automatic loading machine 500 When being set to the interior of target carriage, position of the automatic loading machine 500 in compartment can be detected by range sensor, so as to Regulate and control in the position to automatic loading machine 500, guarantees that automatic loading machine 500 accurately piles up cargo 12 in specific bit It sets.
In addition, in the present embodiment, rotating mechanism 550, guiding mechanism 560 and code are additionally provided on automatic loading machine 500 Put space three-dimensional identifying system 570.Wherein, rotating mechanism 550 is set to the top of structure for conveying 530, to pass through rotating mechanism 550 grab the cargo 12 on structure for conveying 530 and are rotated, so that cargo 12 is able to rotate to placement orientation appropriate, with Convenient for the stacking of cargo 12, and the different stacking mode of cargo 12 can may be implemented by selectively rotating part cargo 12, Such as the stacking of criss-cross formula, conducive to the stability that cargo 12 is piled up is improved, and the utilization rate in space can be improved.Guiding machine Structure 560 is set to the two sides at 530 middle part of structure for conveying, and guiding mechanism 560 is movably connected on arrying main body 521, Guiding machine Structure 560 can be mobile relative to structure for conveying 530, and guiding mechanism 560 is with respect to the moving direction and structure for conveying of structure for conveying 530 530 conveying direction is perpendicular, so that guiding mechanism 560 can adjust the position of the cargo 12 on structure for conveying 530, guarantees goods Object 12 can be in position appropriate.It piles up space three-dimensional identifying system 570 and is connected to rack 520, and pile up space three-dimensional knowledge The stacking position in other system 570 the stacking space and cargo 12 in compartment for identification, in order to which automatic loading machine 500 is in compartment Mobile and for stacking position the determination in inside.
It should be noted that in the present embodiment, rotating mechanism 550 is connected to a motor, to pass through motor to rotation Mechanism provides power.In addition, guiding mechanism 560 is connected to fluid pressure drive device, to pass through fluid pressure drive device to guiding mechanism Power is provided.Also, automatic loading machine 500 further includes another controller, the controller and stacking space three-dimensional identifying system 570 Electrical connection piles up space three-dimensional identifying system 570 for detecting location information of the automatic loading machine 500 in compartment, and by position Confidence breath is sent to controller, to control the movement of walking mechanism 510 by controller, automatic loading machine 500 can be made mobile The stacking of cargo 12 is carried out to specified position.Also, in the present embodiment, the two sides of structure for conveying 530 are provided with guiding Mechanism 560, in order to which the position of the cargo 12 on structure for conveying 530 adjusts.Each guiding mechanism 560 be all connected to one it is hydraulic Driving device is adjusted with controlling the guiding mechanism 560 positioned at two sides respectively for the position of cargo 12.
The cargo de-stacking loading system 10 provided in the present embodiment will be sorted by de-stacking device 200 at the cargo 11 of pile Multiple cargos 12.Multiple cargos 12 that de-stacking device 200 sorts are delivered to accordion conveyor 400 by the first conveying mechanism, Multiple cargos 12 are delivered to automatic loading machine 500 by accordion conveyor 400 respectively, by automatic loading machine 500 by multiple goods Object 12, which is piled up, can complete into conveying stacking of the cargo 11 of pile from warehouse to target carriage in loading face 14, be able to achieve and be continuously conveyed And automatic loading, integrated degree is high, and work efficiency is high, saves cost of labor.
Second embodiment
Referring to Fig. 6, providing a kind of cargo de-stacking loading method in the present embodiment, it is applied to mention in first embodiment The cargo de-stacking loading system 10 of confession, and cargo de-stacking loading method is able to achieve and is continuously conveyed and automatic loading, integrated journey Degree is high, and work efficiency is high, saves cost of labor.
Wherein, cargo de-stacking loading method includes:
S101, multiple cargos 12 are sorted by de-stacking device 200, and cargo 12 is delivered to the first transmission mechanism 300.
In the present embodiment, it will be sorted one by one at the cargo 11 of pile by inhaling dismantling device 230, and single cargo 12 conveyed To the first transmission mechanism 300.
S102, cargo 12 is transported to accordion conveyor 400 by the first transmission mechanism 300.
S103, cargo 12 is transported to loading face 14 by accordion conveyor 400.
S104, cargo 12 is piled up in loading face 14 by automatic loading machine 500.
Wherein, automatic loading machine 500 receives the cargo 12 that accordion conveyor 400 conveys by structure for conveying 530, and And the cargo 12 received is delivered to and piles up device 544 by structure for conveying 530, by piling up device 544 in rows by cargo 12 It piles up in loading face 14.
The cargo de-stacking loading method provided in the present embodiment will be sorted into more by de-stacking device 200 at the cargo 11 of pile A cargo 12.Multiple cargos 12 that de-stacking device 200 sorts are delivered to accordion conveyor 400 by the first conveying mechanism, stretch Multiple cargos 12 are delivered to automatic loading machine 500 by contracting formula conveyer 400 respectively, by automatic loading machine 500 by multiple cargos 12 pile up and can complete into conveying of the cargo 11 of pile from warehouse to target carriage in loading face 14 and pile up, be able to achieve be continuously conveyed and Automatic loading, integrated degree is high, and work efficiency is high, saves cost of labor.
3rd embodiment
A kind of logistics system (not shown) is provided in the present embodiment, is able to achieve and is continuously conveyed and automatic loading, one Change degree is high, and work efficiency is high, saves cost of labor.Wherein, logistics system provided in this embodiment uses first embodiment The cargo de-stacking loading system 10 of middle offer.
The above descriptions are merely preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the utility model, for this For the technical staff in field, various modifications and changes may be made to the present invention.It is all in the spirit and principles of the utility model Within, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should be included within the scope of protection of this utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of cargo de-stacking loading system, for cargo to be conveyed to and is loaded into target carriage, the target carriage has loading Face, the loading face is for carrying the cargo, which is characterized in that the cargo de-stacking loading system includes:
De-stacking device, the de-stacking device is for sorting the cargo;
First transmission mechanism, first transmission mechanism are connected to the de-stacking device and receive the cargo, and described first passes Transfer mechanism is for conveying the cargo;
Accordion conveyor, described accordion conveyor one end are connected to first transmission mechanism to receive the cargo, institute The other end for stating accordion conveyor extends to the loading face, and the accordion conveyor is for conveying the cargo to described Loading face, and the accordion conveyor can change the length of its transport path;
Lift steps on Che Pingtai, and the lift steps on vehicle platform for being connected to the target carriage, and the lift steps on vehicle Platform has loading end, and the lift is stepped on vehicle platform and can selectively be gone up and down to increase or reduce the loading end and described The distance between loading face;
Automatic loading machine, for being set to the loading face, the automatic loading machine is selectively connected the automatic loading machine In the accordion conveyor to receive the cargo, the automatic loading function is mobile relative to the loading end and for piling up The cargo.
2. cargo de-stacking loading system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the de-stacking device is transported including three coordinates Moving platform, hoistable platform and suction dismantling device, the hoistable platform are set to inside three coordinate moving platform, the suction dismounting It sets and is movably connected on three coordinate moving platform, and the suction dismantling device can be mobile simultaneously relative to three coordinate moving platform Sort the cargo.
3. cargo de-stacking loading system according to claim 2, which is characterized in that three coordinate moving platform includes branch Frame, the first sliding part and the second sliding part, first sliding part, second sliding part and the hoistable platform are all set in The internal stent, and first sliding part, second sliding part and the suction dismantling device are located at the hoistable platform Top, be provided with the first sliding rail on the bracket, first sliding part is slidably connected to first sliding rail, described first It is provided with the second sliding rail on sliding part, second sliding part is slidably connected to second sliding rail, on second sliding part It is provided with guide rod, the suction dismantling device is slidably connected to the guide rod, the extending direction of first sliding rail, described second The extending direction of the extending direction of sliding rail and the guide rod is vertical two-by-two.
4. cargo de-stacking loading system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the automatic loading machine includes vehicle with walking machine Structure, rack, structure for conveying and stacking structure, the walking mechanism are set to the lower section of the rack, the structure for conveying setting In the machine frame inside, one end selectivity of the structure for conveying is connected to the accordion conveyor to receive the goods Object, the stacking structure is set to the structure for conveying other end to receive the cargo, and the stacking structure activity connects The rack is connected to the relatively described machine frame movement and pushes the cargo to designated place.
5. cargo de-stacking loading system according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the stacking structure includes mobile knot Structure, saddle, two push plates and two baffles, the moving structure are movably connected on the rack, and the saddle is connected to described Moving structure, and the saddle is located at the one end of the structure for conveying far from the accordion conveyor, two baffles It is movably connected on the moving structure, and two baffles are located at the two sides of the saddle, two push plates The moving structure is connected to, and two push plates are between the saddle and the structure for conveying, between two push plates Every being arranged and being formed mouth of stocking up, the cargo can pass through the mouth of stocking up and be delivered to the saddle, and the moving structure can drive The saddle is moved along first direction, and the moving structure can drive the push plate to move in a second direction, the moving structure Two baffles can be driven to move along third direction and two baffles is selectively made to be located remotely from each other or mutually lean on Closely, the first direction, the second direction and the third direction are vertical two-by-two.
6. cargo de-stacking loading system according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the moving structure includes the first sliding Structure, the second slide construction and third slide construction, first slide construction are slidably connected to the rack and can opposite institutes It states rack to move along the first direction, second slide construction is slidably connected to first slide construction and can opposite institute It is mobile to state second direction described in the first slide construction, the third slide construction is slidably connected to second slide construction and energy It is moved relative to second slide construction along the third direction, the saddle is connected to first slide construction, two institutes It states push plate and is all connected to second slide construction, two baffles are all connected to the third slide construction.
7. cargo de-stacking loading system according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the stacking structure further includes shift fork knot Structure, the shifting fork structure is slidably connected to the structure for conveying, and the shifting fork structure protrudes from the saddle, the shift fork Structure can the relatively described saddle move reciprocatingly along the third direction.
8. cargo de-stacking loading system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that it includes staying that the lift, which steps on vehicle platform, Ride and elevating mechanism, the parking platform is set to the top of the elevating mechanism, and the upper side of the parking platform is to hold Section, the elevating mechanism are adjustable the height of the parking platform.
9. cargo de-stacking loading system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cargo de-stacking loading system also wraps Compartment positioning system is included, the compartment positioning system includes multiple positioning columns, multiple positioning column interval settings, and multiple The positioning column surrounds parking space, and the parking space is for parking the target carriage.
10. a kind of logistics system, which is characterized in that including the cargo de-stacking entrucking as described in any one of claim 1-9 System.
CN201821191443.3U 2018-07-23 2018-07-23 Cargo de-stacking loading system and logistics system Active CN208616942U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108750691A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-11-06 合肥泰禾光电科技股份有限公司 Cargo de-stacking loading system and cargo de-stacking loading method
CN112093489A (en) * 2020-11-05 2020-12-18 安丘博阳机械制造有限公司 Unstacking conveying equipment
CN112357550A (en) * 2020-10-09 2021-02-12 焦磊 Draw charging equipment

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108750691A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-11-06 合肥泰禾光电科技股份有限公司 Cargo de-stacking loading system and cargo de-stacking loading method
CN112357550A (en) * 2020-10-09 2021-02-12 焦磊 Draw charging equipment
CN112093489A (en) * 2020-11-05 2020-12-18 安丘博阳机械制造有限公司 Unstacking conveying equipment
CN112093489B (en) * 2020-11-05 2021-03-30 安丘博阳机械制造有限公司 Unstacking conveying equipment

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