CN207467758U - Carloader and loading system - Google Patents

Carloader and loading system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207467758U
CN207467758U CN201720970638.7U CN201720970638U CN207467758U CN 207467758 U CN207467758 U CN 207467758U CN 201720970638 U CN201720970638 U CN 201720970638U CN 207467758 U CN207467758 U CN 207467758U
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China
Prior art keywords
cargo
component
carloader
driving
crane
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CN201720970638.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
甄少强
关宏波
李伟
陈洪新
张禹
胡正
梁耀棠
何辉
李建韬
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Guangdong Midea Intelligent Technologies Co Ltd
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Guangdong Midea Intelligent Technologies Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model proposes a kind of carloader and loading system, wherein, carloader includes:Walking mechanism, walking mechanism move in moving region, the position adjustment for the movement of carloader and in moving region;Draw box mechanism is arranged, is arranged in walking mechanism, for carrying out the row's of arrangement case to cargo;Handler structure, is arranged in walking mechanism, with row draw box mechanism be connected, for by by arrange draw box mechanism sequence after cargo push to next station;Hoistable platform mechanism, is arranged in walking mechanism, for the mobile cargo pushed by handler structure.Carloader provided by the utility model can be ranked up arrangement to improve working efficiency, and adaptable to cargo of the placement angle within 0 to 90 degree, can load the cargo of more structure sizes, at low cost without according to cargo size customized development;Further, it solves the problems, such as that traditional carloader can not realize that cargo is turned to and intersected and pile up well, prevents cargo from collapsing, high degree of automation is conveniently operated.

Description

Carloader and loading system
Technical field
The utility model is related to industrial robot field, in particular to a kind of carloader and a kind of loading system.
Background technology
With the development of China's economic level, the cost of labor in production is constantly promoted, and more and more enterprises are faced with life Production cost sharply increases the universal phenomenon with lack of labor;This labor intensity height of entrucking work, especially container entrucking, Work post with low content of technology, salary and conditions is low, working environment is severe, mobility of people is big, recruitment and management are all extremely difficult.
At present, logistic industry is either stored in a warehouse or transit link, is reached higher automatization level, is entrucking only Still generally using the manually store items in railway carriage, cargo is conveyed into railway carriage link by entrucking operation in part by conveyer, But finally still have and manually piled up, fail to realize automation, the cargo that exports to foreign countries generally uses pallet carrying, cargo and support Disk is directly mounted in fork truck into compartment, and this mode increases pallet cost, and pallet occupy compartment space, cargo with Compartment inner wall gap is larger, causes charging burden few, improves transportation cost.
In the prior art, carloader is broadly divided into two major class, and one kind is the automation equipment of special plane form, and another kind of is machine Device people adds the form of walking chassis, and the wherein carloader of special plane class is developed on demand there is needs according to target goods size, nothing Method realizes that cargo turns to and carry out intersection stacking, and carloader shifts the cargo for preparing to pile up on the cargo piled up onto Face, if cargo has band packaging, it may appear that stuck phenomenon, cargo pile up after there is no position arrangement function, after stacking cargo it Between gap it is big, the shortcomings that possibility that has dislocation influences the stacking of follow-up cargo;Although robot adds the form flexibility of walking chassis Height, but generally there are the problem of speed is slow, of high cost is piled up, be not also promoted, further, the either dress of special plane class Vehicle device or robot add the form of walking chassis all unstable there is walking in compartment, easily collide inner wall, wheel undercarriage It is high to the flatness requirement of compartment bottom surface, and easy the defects of damaging compartment bottom surface by pressure.
Utility model content
The utility model is intended at least solve one of technical problem in the prior art.
For this purpose, the utility model first aspect provides a kind of carloader.
The second aspect of the utility model provides a kind of loading system.
In view of this, first aspect according to the present utility model proposes a kind of carloader, including:Walking mechanism, walking Mechanism moves in moving region, the position adjustment for the movement of carloader and in moving region;Draw box mechanism is arranged, is arranged on In walking mechanism, for carrying out the row's of arrangement case to cargo;Handler structure, is arranged in walking mechanism, is connected with row's draw box mechanism, For by by arrange draw box mechanism sequence after cargo push to next station;Hoistable platform mechanism, is arranged in walking mechanism, uses In the mobile cargo pushed by handler structure.
Carloader provided by the utility model includes:Walking mechanism, row's draw box mechanism, handler structure and hoistable platform mechanism. Wherein, walking mechanism can move in a certain range, and then ensure the operation of carloader;Further, it is contemplated that real work The arrangement of cargo is mixed and disorderly in the process, and arrangement can be ranked up to cargo by the row's draw box mechanism being arranged in walking mechanism, and one Aspect ensures the orderly progress of subsequent handling, and on the other hand, the cargo after arrangement can save space, and then puts more Cargo;Further, the material put in order can be pushed to designated position by the handler structure being arranged in walking mechanism, be passed through It by the way of stacking, after cargo is flexibly arranged in a pile on demand, then is piled up, solves traditional carloader well It can not realize that cargo turns to and intersect the problem piled up, prevent cargo from collapsing, and hoistable platform mechanism can move up and down, Jin Erbao Card cargo can successively be put, and rationally using limited space resources, be compared to the prior art, simple in structure, adaptable, The cargo of more structure sizes can be loaded, it is at low cost without according to cargo size customized development, and can realize turning for cargo To and intersect pile up, so as to accelerate pile up speed, high degree of automation, to promote the usage experience of user.
According to the above-mentioned carloader of the utility model, there can also be following additional technical feature:
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, it is preferable that hoistable platform mechanism includes:Crane component, liftably setting are expert at It walks in mechanism;Component is piled up, is arranged on crane component, for receiving the cargo after being sorted by row's draw box mechanism, and by cargo It places to designated position;Box assembly is kept off, is arranged on and piles up on component, for limiting the cargo being positioned on stacking component Position.
In the technical scheme, hoistable platform mechanism includes:Crane component piles up component and shelves box assembly, wherein rising Drop frame component can realize the lifting of hoistable platform component, and then ensure to load the cargo in higher region so that space to be made full use of to provide Source;Further, component is piled up to cooperate with row's draw box mechanism, so will arrange the cargo that has sorted of draw box mechanism pile up successively it is whole Together, so that subsequent processing operates;Further, gear box assembly is provided on component is piled up, the cargo piled up is played Limiting it is used, on the one hand, avoid occurring during cargo is transported that cargo falls happens;On the other hand, ensure The cargo piled up can be stably placed designated position, the phenomenon that avoiding falling.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that walking mechanism includes:Chassis;Running part is set to the two of chassis End, for the movement of the carloader;Superstructure is arranged on the chassis;Holder regulating mechanism is arranged on the chassis On, it is connected with the superstructure, for the superstructure to be driven to be moved relative to the chassis;At least one ranging dress It puts, at least one range unit is set in walking mechanism, can be moved along walking mechanism surface, at least one range unit is with treating It surveys object to be in contact, can be moved along body surface to be measured, for detecting the distance of range unit and object under test surface.
In the technical scheme, by holder regulating mechanism drive superstructure move, realize superstructure relative to The transverse shifting on chassis has supplied the short slab of chassis transverse movement inconvenience, improves the flexibility on chassis, and so that chassis It can more accurately position, improve the control accuracy on chassis, realize and be rapidly completed with remaining stationary as on chassis Layer structure transverse shifting, at the same time it can also avoid unnecessary mechanical wear, the service life on lifter motion chassis;Further Ground by the setting of at least one range unit, can detect distance between detection device and testee surface, pass through walking Portion adjusts the position deviation between chassis and testee, ensures that chassis is parallel with the surface of testee, and then holder is adjusted Mechanism corrects its right position deviation again, when adjusting its right position deviation, is not required to running part movement, and then substantially reduce The difficulty and required time that position is adjusted improve the accuracy and the degree of automation of system operation, to promote making for user With experience.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that running part is crawler belt or wheel.
In the technical scheme, it on the one hand can be contacted using crawler-type traveling portion to avoid between chassis and ground, into One step, crawler belt is adaptable, can be applied to the ground of mal-condition;On the other hand, using wheel type running part, structure letter Singly, it is basic to advantageously reduce vehicle, and then promotes the market competitiveness.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that row's draw box mechanism includes:Inlet roller line, inlet roller line are used for goods The conveying and adjustment of object;Case roller line is arranged, one end of row's case roller line is connect with inlet roller line, and the other end, which is provided with, pushes away case gear Plate;Draw box mechanism driving device is arranged, row's draw box mechanism driving device is set on inlet roller line and row's case roller line, for for inlet Roller line and row's case roller line provide power;Wherein, when first position of the cargo movement to inlet roller line, inlet roller line The position angle of cargo is adjusted, when the second position that inlet roller line is moved to after cargo is adjusted, arranges case roller Line cooperates with inlet roller line, and cargo is arranged and is placed.
In the technical scheme, row's draw box mechanism includes:Inlet roller line, row's case roller line and row's case driving device, wherein, Inlet roller line is for the conveying and adjustment to cargo, and then guarantee enters the cargo of first position in a certain order Arrangement, and then facilitate successive arrangement;Further, row's case roller line is connected with inlet roller line, when the goods for adjusting angle When object is transported to the second position, row's case roller line cooperates with inlet roller line, and cargo is delivered to row's case roller line simultaneously Complete the sequence to cargo;Further, it is provided in the other end of inlet roller line and pushes away case baffle, for giving cargo end Limiting, avoids cargo from falling;Row's case driving device provides power for entire row's case process, to ensure the normal fortune of row's draw box mechanism By arranging the mutual cooperation of case roller line and inlet roller line, it is bulky serious to avoid row's draw box mechanism in the prior art for row It ties up the area of factory and adaptability is not strong, have the shortcomings that strict demand limits for the direction of cargo size and access mechanism, To promote its applicability and the market competitiveness.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that inlet roller line includes:First support, one end of first support are set Inlet mouth is equipped with, the other end is provided with first baffle;At least one first roller, at least one first roller are evenly arranged in First support upper surface;Turnning box component is set to the side of first support, at inlet mouth, for cargo placement angle It is adjusted;Clamp assembly is set to the both sides of first support, at inlet roller line first position, for cargo into Row clamps discharge.
In the technical scheme, at least one first roller is evenly arranged in the upper surface of first support, works as cargo When entering inlet roller line from the inlet mouth of first support, the first roller conveys cargo to realize by its rolling, so as to Ensure the normal use of whole device;Further, the structure of at least one first roller is simple, and motion mode is convenient, just Repair in processing and manufacturing and in the future ensures;It further, can be to placement angle 0 to 90 by the setting of turnning box component Cargo in the range of degree is adjusted, and then the cargo for ensureing to enter first position arranges in a certain order, is convenient for The operation of subsequent handling;Further, clamp assembly at first position is set, is in same so as to fulfill the cargo after adjusted One horizontal line convenient for the progress of subsequent handling, to improve its working efficiency, and then promotes the usage experience of user.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that clamp assembly includes:Second baffle is set to the one of first support On side, positioned at inlet mouth one end;First push plate is set to the opposite side of first support, is oppositely arranged with second baffle;Wherein, When cargo movement is to first position, the first push plate is moved towards second baffle side, and cargo is pushed to second baffle side.
In the technical scheme, by setting the mutual cooperation of second baffle and the first push plate, it is achieved thereby that cargo is equal Positioned at the side of second baffle, specifically, one end that second baffle is located at first support is fixed, and the first push plate can pass through Side pushes away guide rail slide block and is moved towards second baffle, when the cargo movement of collated mistake is to first position, the first push plate campaign, into And cargo is uniformly pushed to the side of second baffle, so as to ensure that the cargo into subsequent processing is located along the same line, and Second baffle, the structure of the first push plate are simple, easy to operate, are conducive to processing and manufacturing and maintenance in the future.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that inlet roller line further includes:Box assembly is pushed away, box assembly is pushed away and is set to Inlet roller line end and second baffle same lateral position;Wherein, it when cargo movement to the second position, pushes away box assembly and pushes away cargo It send to row's case roller line.
In the technical scheme, by pushing away the setting of box assembly, can by positioned at the cargo of the second position by pushing away case group Part pushes to row's case roller line, and then realizes transport of the cargo by inlet roller line to row's case roller line, and, positioned at the second position Cargo it is adjusted after be respectively positioned on same horizontal line, and then ensure that the neat degree of the cargo of the row's of entering case roller line, with Promote the usage experience of user.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that row's draw box mechanism driving device includes following at least one:Holder drives Dynamic, gear driving, motor driving or ball-screw driving;Box assembly is pushed away to be pushed by two level pushing meanss, two level pushes Device includes:First order pushing meanss and second level pushing meanss;Wherein, first order pushing meanss drive leading screw for servo motor Nut drives, and second level pushing meanss are set in first order pushing meanss, by pushing away the driving of case cylinder.
In the technical scheme, ensure in the case of pushing away box assembly normal work, select holder driving, gear driving, electricity The modes such as machine drives or ball-screw drives, simplify structure, reduce cost;Further, box assembly will be pushed away and be set as two level drive Dynamic group component, and then ensure to push away the movement travel of box assembly, wherein, first order pushing component drives leading screw for servo drive motor Convenient for accurately controlling, second level pushing component is set on first time drive component for nut, by pushing away the driving of case cylinder, with First order pushing component cooperates, and then completes the push of cargo.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that handler structure includes:First pushes away pile component, and first, which pushes away pile component, sets First driving means and transmission parts are equipped with, first driving means are connected with transmission parts, transmission parts to be driven to move;The Two push away pile component, are arranged on first and push away below pile component, and the second side for pushing away pile component is provided with reciprocating push plate; Gatherer pushes away pile component with first and is connected, and the lower section for pushing away pile component positioned at second is matched with push plate, for importing object Material;Wherein, transmission parts connection first pushes away pile component and second and pushes away pile component, and under the action of first driving means, second pushes away Pile component can push away the movement of pile component relative to first, and the material that push plate can import gatherer carries out pushing away pile.
In the technical scheme, it pushes away pile device and pushes away pile component including first, second pushes away pile component and gatherer.Wherein, First, which pushes away pile component, is provided with first driving means and transmission parts, and first driving means are connected with transmission parts, for transmission The movement of component provides power, and transmission parts to be driven to move, and transmission parts connection first pushes away pile component and second and pushes away pile group Part pushes away pile component so as to fulfill second and pushes away pile component relative to first under first driving means and the collective effect of transmission parts It is mobile.Second pushes away the movement that pile component pushes away pile component relative to first, realizes that change is adjustable and pushes away pile stroke, so as to make to push away pile device Different size of material is adapted to, during for various sizes of material, adjustment second pushes away pile component and first and pushes away pile component and make its shifting It is dynamic, pile stroke is pushed away so as to adjust adjustable, makes handler structure that can adjust adaptation to various sizes of material, realizes handler The automatic adjusument of structure improves the versatility of handler structure, avoids to design for various sizes of material and different pushes away pile The situation of mechanism, reduces production cost, improves the working efficiency of handler structure.Second, which pushes away pile component, is arranged on first and pushes away pile The lower section of component, and be serially connected with the first stacking mechanism, first, which pushes away pile component and second, pushes away what the use of pile component was connected up and down On the one hand cascade system can realize that push away pile stroke adjustable, to adapt to various sizes of material, on the other hand can reduce and push away pile The overall volume of mechanism, ensure push away pile stroke it is enough under conditions of, to the greatest extent reduce handler structure volume, so as to make Handler structure can be suitable for different occasions, reduce limitation of the different occasions to handler structure, and then improve handler structure Versatility.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that second, which pushes away pile component, includes:Fixed frame, fixed frame and transmission parts It is connected;Second driving device, is arranged on fixed frame, and is connect by connecting component with push plate, for driving push plate campaign.
In the technical scheme, it second pushes away pile component and includes fixed frame and the second driving device, fixed frame and first pushes away pile The transmission parts of component are connected, to realize that fixed frame pushes away pile component movement under the action of transmission parts relative to first, into And realization second pushes away pile component and pushes away pile component movement relative to first, to adapt to various sizes of material, raising pushes away pile device Applicability.Second driving device is arranged on fixed frame, while is connected by connection component with push plate, so as to drive push plate past Multiple movement pushes away pile with complete the material imported to gatherer, substantially increases production efficiency.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that first connecting portion is provided on transmission parts, is provided on fixed frame Second connecting portion;Wherein, first connecting portion is adapted with second connecting portion, is used to implement second and is pushed away pile component and is pushed away relative to first Pile component movement.
In the technical scheme, first connecting portion is provided on transmission parts, second connecting portion is provided on fixed frame, the One connecting portion and second connecting portion are adapted so that second pushes away pile component and first pushes away the relatively-movable connection of pile component, protects It has demonstrate,proved transmission parts and imparts power to second and pushed away pile component, driven second to push away pile component and pile component movement is pushed away with respect to first, reality Existing handler structure is adjusted for different size of material, improves the versatility of handler structure.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that one of them is sliding block for first connecting portion and second connecting portion, another A guide rail to be adapted with sliding block;First driving means are servo motor;Second driving device includes following at least one:Gas Cylinder, hydraulic cylinder, gas spring;Transmission parts include following at least one:Conveyer belt, gear and rack, chain.
In the technical scheme, first connecting portion and second connecting portion are the sliding block and guide rail being adapted, sliding block and guide rail Friction is small during relative motion, it is possible to reduce pushes away the energy loss during operation of pile device, improves capacity usage ratio, while sliding block It is strong with guide rail stability, so as to ensure that the stability for pushing away pile device entirety;Further, first driving means selected as servo Motor, and then can realize and accurately control, to improve the control accuracy of whole device;Further, the second drive component is To realize that driving push plate moves back and forth, pile action is pushed away due to needing to be repeated several times for one kind in cylinder, hydraulic cylinder, gas spring, It is therefore preferred to the structures such as the cylinder, the gas spring that select stable structure, reusability strong;Further, transmission parts Can be one kind in conveyer belt, gear and rack, chain, or other transmission mechanisms, to realize the transmission of power.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that gatherer is provided with pedestal and the power part being set on the base Part, power part rotation direction are mutually perpendicular to the push plate direction of motion, are used to implement laterally imported material;Wherein, pedestal and One, which pushes away pile structure, is connected.
In the technical scheme, gatherer is provided with pedestal and the power part being set on the base, power part Rotation direction and the direction of motion of push plate are mutually perpendicular to, and so as to fulfill laterally imported material, save what conventional feeds mode needed Elevating mechanism is conveniently operated, and is more reasonably utilized space, so as to improve production efficiency.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that crane component includes:Fixing bracket;Crane is movably set It puts on fixing bracket, piles up component and be movably disposed on crane;First driving mechanism, is arranged on crane, with Hoistable platform is connected, for hoistable platform OQ t frame to be driven to carry out elevating movement;Second driving mechanism, is arranged on fixation On stent, it is connected with crane, is moved horizontally for crane to be driven to be relatively fixed stent.
In the technical scheme, crane is movably disposed on fixing bracket, and execution machine is additionally provided on crane Structure, executing agency can the movements of OQ t frame.First driving mechanism is arranged on crane, while is connected with executing agency The vertical movement up and down of executing agency for executing agency's OQ t frame to be driven to carry out elevating movement, is realized, so as to drive in end The cargo placed in executing agency is elevated to designated position and is piled up, and executing agency is driven to lift cargo by machine power To precalculated position, reduce manual operation, reduce the labor intensity of worker, so as to be integrally improved production efficiency.Second drives Motivation structure is arranged on fixing bracket, and is connected with crane, for crane to be driven to carry out water relative to fixing bracket Translation is dynamic, wherein, the driving crane movement of the second driving mechanism, and the first driving mechanism is arranged on crane, that is, second drives For motivation structure with the first driving mechanism using the cascade system connected, the second driving mechanism is responsible for being mounted with the first driving machine of cargo Structure moves horizontally, and the first driving mechanism is responsible for the elevating movement of cargo, and such setting greatly reduces translatable elevator The overall volume of structure makes overall structure more simple, compact, so as to user-friendly use, meanwhile, translatable structure is set Putting can make translatable elevating mechanism make adaptable adjustment for different working environments, so as to improve in different environments Adaptability, enhance the versatility of mechanism, and then improve production efficiency.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that the first driving mechanism includes:First Power Component;First gear, with The output terminal of first Power Component is connected;Rack guide rail is slidably disposed on crane, is adapted with first gear, The central axis of rack guide rail and horizontal plane are perpendicular;Movable pulley is rotatably arranged on crane, separate positioned at crane Ground one end, movable pulley are connected with rack guide rail;Chain, chain are set on movable pulley, are piled up component and are connected with chain; Wherein, the rotation of the first Power Component driving first gear, first gear are adapted with rack guide rail, and drive rack guide rail is risen Drop movement, and then movable pulley is driven to carry out elevating movement so that movable pulley is rotated, and then drives institute's chain movement, is realized Pile up the elevating movement of component.
In the technical scheme, the first driving mechanism includes:Rack guide rail, rack and movable pulley realize that power transmits.Tool Body, rack guide rail is slidably disposed on crane, and center axis is perpendicular with horizontal plane, and is adapted with gear, When first Power Component band moving gear rotates, the rack guide rail meeting OQ t frame being connect with gear carries out elevating movement, lifting The one end of frame far from ground is provided with movable pulley, and movable pulley can follow rack guide rail to carry out elevating movement, while itself can be carried out Rotation, executing agency's lifting speed at this time are twice of rack guide rail lifting speed, it is meant that the lifting distance of executing agency It is twice of rack guide rail lifting distance, on the one hand such structure setting can make executing agency's realization be rapidly performed by lifting Movement, so as to improve production operation efficiency, on the other hand under the premise of ensureing that executing agency's adjustable height is certain, high degree Reduction rack guide rail length, make structure compacter, reduce whole volume, be more favorable for the heavy burden of executing agency from Lock improves the safety that mechanism uses, improves the usage experience of user.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that the first Power Component includes:Connecting plate is connected with chain;It is sliding Block is arranged on and piles up on component, is slideably connected with connecting plate.
In the technical scheme, the first transmission component further includes connecting plate and sliding block, wherein, connecting plate is connected with chain It connects, one end that chain is connect with connecting plate is made not move, chain one end is connected with executing agency as from the foregoing, so as to real Now accelerate the effect of lifting.Sliding block is arranged in executing agency, executing agency is driven to be slided with respect to connecting plate, so as to practise The vertical lift of executing agency.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that the second driving mechanism includes:Second Power Component, is arranged on fixation On stent;First driving section, is arranged on fixing bracket, is connected with the second Power Component;Second driving section, is arranged on and is risen It drops on frame, is adapted with the first driving section;Slide assemblies, slide assemblies connection fixing bracket and crane;Wherein, the second power The first driving section of Component driver rotates, and then crane is driven to be relatively fixed stent by slide assemblies and is moved horizontally.
In the technical scheme, the second driving mechanism includes the second Power Component, the second transmission component and slide assemblies. Wherein, the second Power Component is connected with the second transmission component, and for driving the rotation of the second transmission component, the second transmission component is same When be connected with crane, drive crane moved horizontally.Slide assemblies connect fixing bracket and crane, make crane Stent can be relatively fixed to be slided, and then realize moving horizontally for crane.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that the first driving section includes following at least one:Conveyer belt, the first tooth Wheel and rack, chain;Second driving section is sliding block.
In the technical scheme, ensure the first driving section normal work in the case of using conveyer belt, first gear and The mode of rack, chain, it is simple in structure, it is easy to operation, advantageously reduce into the usage experience for generating benzene and promoting user.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that slide assemblies include:First sliding part, is arranged on fixing bracket; Second sliding part, is arranged on crane, and first sliding part that is connected with the first driving mechanism is adapted with the second sliding part, with Realize that crane is moved horizontally relative to fixing bracket.
In the technical scheme, it by the mutual cooperation of the first sliding part and the second sliding part, and then realizes first Under the action of driving mechanism, crane moves horizontally, and then user is facilitated to be done in actual mechanical process according to actual conditions Go out adjustment, to improve working efficiency, promote the usage experience of user.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that pile up component and include:Platform panel is arranged on two connecting plates Inside is connect with two connecting plates, for bearing goods;Two connecting plates are connected to a fixed portion with crane component, flat surface Plate is movably mounted on fixed part;First movement mechanism, on fixed part, positioned at backwards to platform panel bearing goods Side, platform panel are connected with first movement mechanism, and first movement mechanism driving platform panel is moved relative to fixed part;Side Pushing device is arranged on fixed part, positioned at platform panel both sides, for pushing cargo;Second mobile mechanism, mounted on fixed part On, lateral thruster is movably installed in the second mobile mechanism, and the second mobile mechanism drives lateral thruster relative to flat surface Plate moves.
In the technical scheme, platform panel is driven to be moved relative to fixed part by first movement mechanism, so as to put down The cargo transport carried on deck plate realizes the stacking to cargo, also, cargo is carried out by lateral thruster to appointed place It pushes so that the stacking of cargo is more neat, meanwhile, when platform panel moves, lateral thruster is clamped cargo, ensures goods Object follows platform panel to move, and after by goods handling to appointed place, side pushes away component release, then recalls platform panel, at this point, Cargo stops under the action of own wt and in situ, realizes that the automation to cargo is piled up, also, uses platform panel phase For mechanical arm, the space occupied is smaller, can fully meet the application under the narrow environments such as compartment, platform panel A large amount of cargo can be disposably carried, improves the stacking efficiency of cargo, and production cost is low.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that first movement mechanism includes:First motor, is arranged on fixed part; Second gear is arranged in the shaft of the first motor;Rack is meshed with second gear, is arranged on platform panel;Wherein, The driving second gear rotation of first motor, band carry-over bar move.
In the technical scheme, second gear is driven to rotate by the first motor, so as to which the second rack be driven to move, and then The linear motion of platform panel has been driven, has realized the purpose of mobile cargo, gear, the kind of drive of rack are reliable, simple in structure, Bearing capacity is strong, and can be precisely located, and realizes block pattern row pattern.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that the second mobile mechanism includes:Second motor, is arranged on carloader In first fixed seat;First leading screw, one end are connected with the rotary shaft of the second motor, the other end and the first side push and block trigger seat phase Connection;First guide rod, one end are arranged on fixed part, and the first side push and block trigger seat of the other end and carloader is slidably connected;The Three motors are arranged in the second fixed seat of carloader;Second leading screw, one end is connected with the rotary shaft of third motor, another End is connected with the second side push and block trigger seat of carloader;Second guide rod, one end are arranged on fixed part, the other end and the second side Push and block trigger seat is slidably connected.
In the technical scheme, it by the second motor being arranged in the first fixed seat, drives across the second fixed seat Leading screw rotates so that the first side push and block trigger seat is slided along the first guide rod, and then drives the first side push and block plate on platform panel It is mobile, realize the clamping to cargo;Further, it by the third motor being arranged in the second fixed seat, drives across first The leading screw rotation of fixed seat so that the second side push and block trigger seat is slided along the second guide rod, and then drives the second side push and block plate flat Moved on deck plate, realize the clamping to cargo, also, the first side push and block plate can both be carried out with the second side push and block plate it is two-way Movement, so as to expand the mobile range of cargo, improves the adaptability of mobile platform.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that gear box assembly includes:Limiting component, the both ends difference of limiting component It is connected with two connecting plates of carloader, for limiting the position of cargo;Case driving part is kept off, is arranged on two connecting plates, It is connected with limiting component, for limiting component to be driven to rotate.
In the technical scheme, front positions namely works as goods when realizing the inlet to cargo by the rotation of limit assembly Limiting component is rotated to by into the position of cargo, preventing cargo from sliding during object inlet, so as to complete the arrangement of cargo, cargo into After case finishes, limiting component is avoided, and can rotate to the side far from cargo, i.e., the work of limiting is no longer played to cargo With, meanwhile, platform panel is moved, and cargo is transported to designated position, after designated position is reached, the extraction of platform panel, this When limiting component rotate to after being carried out close to the side of cargo and keep off positioning, cooperation platform panel is completed to take out bottom;Further, pass through Case driving part driving limiting component is kept off, and then ensures its normal work.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that limiting component includes:Two otic placodes, two otic placodes are oppositely arranged, point It is not connected with two connecting plates, positioned at two connecting plates close to the side of the outlet of carloader;Bar, the both ends difference of bar It is connected with two otic placodes;Wherein, when preparing cargo being transported on platform panel, two otic placode rotations, to drive bar The side of platform panel is turned to, prevents the cargo on platform from sliding, when cargo is fully entered on platform panel, two Otic placode rotates, and then bar is driven to turn to the side far from platform panel, when cargo has moved to designated position, two Otic placode rotates, and then bar is driven to turn to close to the side of platform panel, for keeping out cargo.
In those technical solutions, limiting component is made of two otic placodes and bar, and two plates of ear can with support plate The connection of rotation, bar is for keeping out cargo, to prevent cargo from sliding, and then ensures the regularity that cargo is piled up, wherein, bar Different stations can be turned under the cooperation of two otic placodes, so as to play different effects, further, bar and two Connection mode between otic placode to be fixedly connected or other can rotate bar;When cargo outlet, prepare goods movement extremely During designated position, bar can turn to the side far from cargo to the direction far from cargo and be avoided namely the shifting to cargo It is dynamic to be avoided, so as to ensure the smooth outlet of cargo, cargo is enable quickly to be moved to designated position, when platform panel prepares Pumping bottom is piled up next time when, bar keeps off positioning can be rotated to the direction far from cargo to the rear side progress of cargo again after, right Cargo is kept out, and the pumping basic skill or training of cooperation platform panel makees, and cargo can stay in original place due to keeping out for bar.Wherein, to Direction rotation far from cargo can be rotated clockwise or rotate counterclockwise, i.e., turn to the direction not interfered with cargo Dynamic, specific rotation direction can be configured according to actual conditions.
In any of the above-described technical solution, it is preferable that carloader further includes:Control mechanism, for controlling carloader work Make.
In the technical scheme, it is realized by being provided with control mechanism to filling the control of locomotive work, and then facilitates user Operation.
Second aspect according to the present utility model, it is proposed that a kind of loading system, including fork truck, robot, conveyer belt and Loading system as described in any of the above-described technical solution.
Loading system provided by the utility model, because including the carloader described in any of the above-described technical solution, therefore with it It is whole advantageous effects, details are not described herein.
The additional aspect and advantage of the utility model will become apparent or new by this practicality in following description section The practice of type is recognized.
Description of the drawings
The above-mentioned and/or additional aspect and advantage of the utility model will in the description from combination accompanying drawings below to embodiment Become apparent and be readily appreciated that, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the operating diagram of a whole set of automatic loading system of the utility model one embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the front view for the work that a whole set of automatic loading system shown in Fig. 1 carries out entrucking;
Fig. 3 be the utility model one embodiment installation vehicle structure diagram;
Fig. 4 is the structure diagram of the walking mechanism of the installation vehicle of embodiment illustrated in fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the structure diagram that draw box mechanism is arranged in the carloader of embodiment illustrated in fig. 3;
Fig. 6 is row's draw box mechanism operating diagram of embodiment described in Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is row's draw box mechanism work A direction views of embodiment illustrated in fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the structure diagram of handler structure in carloader in embodiment illustrated in fig. 3;
Fig. 9 is the broken away view with the handler structure of 8 illustrated embodiments;
Figure 10 is the front view of the handler structure of embodiment illustrated in fig. 8;
Structure diagrams of the Figure 11 for hoistable platform mechanism in the carloader of embodiment illustrated in fig. 3;
Structure diagrams of the Figure 12 for hoistable platform mechanism in the carloader of embodiment illustrated in fig. 3;
Figure 13 is the structure diagram that component is piled up in the carloader of embodiment illustrated in fig. 3;
Figure 14 is the structure diagram that component is piled up in the carloader of embodiment illustrated in fig. 3;
Figure 15 is the structure diagram that component is piled up in the carloader of embodiment illustrated in fig. 3;
Figure 16 is the structure diagram that box assembly is kept off in the carloader of embodiment illustrated in fig. 3;
Figure 17 is the broken away view that box assembly is kept off in the carloader of embodiment illustrated in fig. 3;
Figure 18 is the operating diagram that component inlet is piled up in the carloader of embodiment illustrated in fig. 3;
Figure 19 is that the operating diagram that component crosses case is piled up in the carloader of embodiment illustrated in fig. 3;
Figure 20 is that the operating diagram that component takes out bottom is piled up in the carloader of embodiment illustrated in fig. 3;
Figure 21 is that the operating diagram that component puts case is piled up in the carloader of embodiment illustrated in fig. 3;
Figure 22 is the operating diagram piled up in the carloader of embodiment illustrated in fig. 3 when component piles up right end case pile;
Figure 23 is the operating diagram piled up in the carloader of embodiment illustrated in fig. 3 when component piles up left end case pile;
Figure 24 is the operating diagram piled up in the carloader of embodiment illustrated in fig. 3 when component piles up intermediate box pile;
Figure 25 is the operating diagram of the carloader of embodiment illustrated in fig. 3;
Figure 26 is the complete machine workflow of the carloader of the utility model one embodiment.
Wherein, the correspondence in Fig. 1 to Figure 25 between reference numeral and component names is:
Fork truck 10, robot 20, conveyer belt 30, carloader 100, walking mechanism 1, chassis 12, running part 14, holder are adjusted Mechanism 16, range unit 18 arrange draw box mechanism 2, inlet roller line 22, first support 222, first baffle 2222, the first roller 224, turnning box component 226, clamp assembly 228, the second plate washer 2282, the first push plate 2284 pushes away box assembly 230, arranges case roller line 24, handler structure 3, first pushes away pile component 32, and first driving means 322, connecting component 324, second connecting portion 3258, first connects Socket part 326, second pushes away pile component 34, push plate 342, fixed frame 344, the second driving device 346, gatherer 36, pedestal 362, Transmission parts 364, hoistable platform mechanism 4, crane component 42, stacking component 44, platform panel 442, fixed part 444, first Mobile mechanism 446, the first motor 4462, second gear 4464, lateral thruster 448, the second mobile mechanism 450, the second motor 4502, the first leading screw 4504, the first guide rod 4506, third motor 4508, the second leading screw 4510, the second guide rod 4512, rack 4514, keep off box assembly 46, fixing bracket 48, limiting component 486, gear case driving part 4864, otic placode 4866, bar 4868, liter Frame 50, the first driving mechanism 52, the first Power Component 522, first gear 524, rack guide rail 526, movable pulley 528, chain drop 530, connecting plate 532, sliding block 534, the second Power Component 536, the first driving section 538, the second driving section 540, slide assemblies 542, the first sliding part 546, the second sliding part 548, the second driving mechanism 54, cargo 200.
Specific embodiment
In order to be more clearly understood that the above-mentioned purpose of the utility model, feature and advantage, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and have The utility model is further described in detail in body embodiment.It should be noted that in the absence of conflict, this Shen The feature in embodiment and embodiment please can be combined with each other.
Many details are elaborated in the following description in order to fully understand the utility model, still, this practicality It is novel to be implemented using other different from mode described here, therefore, the scope of protection of the utility model not by The limitation of following public specific embodiment.
The carloader 100 according to the utility model some embodiments offer and entrucking are described referring to Fig. 1 to Figure 26 System.
As shown in figure 3, the utility model proposes a kind of carloader 100, including:Walking mechanism 1, walking mechanism 1 are being transported It is moved in dynamic region, the position adjustment for the movement of carloader 100 and in moving region;Draw box mechanism 2 is arranged, is arranged on walking In mechanism 1, for carrying out the row's of arrangement case to cargo 200;Handler structure 3 is arranged in walking mechanism 1, is connected with row's draw box mechanism 2 It connects, for the cargo 200 after being sorted by arranging draw box mechanism 2 to be pushed to next station;Hoistable platform mechanism 4 is arranged on walking In mechanism 1, for the mobile cargo 200 pushed by handler structure 3.
Carloader 100 provided by the utility model includes:Walking mechanism 1, row's draw box mechanism 2, handler structure 3 and lifting are flat Platform mechanism 4.Wherein, walking mechanism 1 can move in a certain range, and then ensure the operation of carloader 100;Further, it examines The arrangement for considering cargo 200 in practical work process is mixed and disorderly, can be to goods by the row's draw box mechanism 2 being arranged in walking mechanism 1 Object 200 is ranked up arrangement, on the one hand, ensures the orderly progress of subsequent handling, on the other hand, cargo 200 after arrangement can be with Space is saved, and then puts more cargos 200;Further, being arranged on handler structure 3 in walking mechanism 1 can will be whole The material managed pushes to designated position, by using the mode of stacking, after cargo is flexibly arranged in a pile on demand, then into Row is piled up, and is solved the problems, such as that traditional carloader 100 can not realize that cargo 200 turns to and intersect stacking well, is prevented cargo 200 collapse, and hoistable platform mechanism 4 can move up and down, and then ensure that cargo 200 can successively be put, rationally using limited Space resources is compared to the prior art, simple in structure, adaptable, can load the cargo 200 of more structure sizes, nothing Need to be at low cost according to 200 size customized development of cargo, and can realize the steering of cargo 200 and intersect and pile up, so as to accelerate code Put speed, high degree of automation, to promote the usage experience of user.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that hoistable platform mechanism 4 includes:50 crane group of crane Part 42 is liftably arranged in walking mechanism 1;Component 44 is piled up, is arranged on 50 crane component 42 of crane, for connecing The cargo 200 after being sorted by 2 row's draw box mechanism 22 of row's draw box mechanism is received, and cargo 200 is placed to designated position;Box assembly 16 is kept off, It is arranged on and piles up on component 44, for being limited to the cargo 200 being positioned on stacking component 44.
In this embodiment, hoistable platform mechanism 4 includes:Crane component 42 piles up component 44 and shelves box assembly, wherein 50 crane component 42 of crane can realize the lifting of hoistable platform component, and then ensure to load the cargo 200 in higher region To make full use of space resources;Further, component 44 is piled up to cooperate with row's draw box mechanism 2, and then 2 row of draw box mechanism will be arranged The good cargo 200 of sequence is neatly packed successively, so that subsequent processing operates;Further, it is provided with gear case on component 44 is piled up Component plays used in limiting the cargo piled up, on the one hand, avoids cargo occur during cargo 200 is transported 200 fall happen;On the other hand, ensure that the cargo 200 piled up can be stably placed designated position, avoid sending out Raw the phenomenon that falling.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that as shown in figure 4, walking mechanism 1 includes:Chassis 12;Walking Portion 14 is set to the both ends on chassis 12, for the movement of the carloader 100;Superstructure is arranged on the chassis 12; Holder regulating mechanism 16 is arranged on the chassis 12, is connected with the superstructure, for driving the superstructure phase The chassis 12 is moved;At least one range unit 18, at least one range unit 18 are set in walking mechanism 1, can It is moved along 1 surface of walking mechanism, at least one range unit 18 is in contact with object under test, can be transported along body surface to be measured It is dynamic, for detecting the distance of range unit 18 and object under test surface.
In this embodiment, by holder regulating mechanism 16 drive superstructure move, realize superstructure relative to The transverse shifting on chassis 12 has supplied the short slab of chassis 12 transverse movement inconvenience, has improved the flexibility on chassis 12, also, made Obtaining chassis 12 can more accurately position, and improve the control accuracy on chassis 12, realize and ground situation is remained stationary as on chassis 12 Under superstructure transverse shifting is rapidly completed, at the same time it can also avoid unnecessary mechanical wear, lifter motion chassis 12 makes Use the service life;Further, by the setting of at least one range unit 18, can detect detection device and testee surface it Between distance, the position deviation between chassis 12 and testee is adjusted by running part 14, ensures chassis 12 and testee Surface is parallel, and then holder regulating mechanism 16 corrects its right position deviation again, when adjusting its right position deviation, is not required to Running part 14 moves, so substantially reduce position adjusting difficulty and the required time, improve system operation accuracy and The degree of automation, to promote the usage experience of user.
In specific embodiment, as shown in figure 4,2 contact type distance measuring devices are provided with, respectively positioned at the front end of chassis homonymy And rear end, the flexible material roller group on the device can be rolled along corrugated interior compartment side wall, can detect a left side for crawler belt in real time Right position offset and angular deviation.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that as shown in figure 4, running part 14 is crawler belt.
In this embodiment, it on the one hand can be contacted using crawler-type traveling portion 14 to avoid between chassis 12 and ground, Further, crawler belt is adaptable, can be applied to the ground of mal-condition, here, with crawler-type traveling portion for example, but It is that those skilled in the art is to be understood that or the running part of other forms, as long as being that by walking, It is possible to.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that as shown in Figures 5 to 7, row's draw box mechanism 2 includes:Inlet Roller line 22, inlet roller line 22 are used for the conveying and adjustment of cargo 200;Arrange case roller line 24, one end of row's case roller line 24 It is connect with inlet roller line 22, the other end, which is provided with, pushes away case baffle;2 driving device of draw box mechanism is arranged, arranges 2 row's draw box mechanism 22 of draw box mechanism Driving device is set on inlet roller line 22 and row's case roller line 24, for being carried for inlet roller line 22 and row's case roller line 24 For power;Wherein, when cargo 200 moves to the first position of inlet roller line 22, inlet roller line 22 is to cargo 200 Position angle is adjusted, when the second position that inlet roller line 22 is moved to after cargo 200 is adjusted, row's case roller line 24 It cooperates with inlet roller line 22, cargo 200 is arranged into placement.
In this embodiment, row's draw box mechanism 2 includes:Inlet roller line 22, row's case roller line 24 and row's case driving device, In, inlet roller line 22 for conveying and adjustment to cargo 200, and then ensure to enter the cargo 200 of first position by It is ranked sequentially according to certain, and then facilitates successive arrangement;Further, row's case roller line 24 is connected with inlet roller line 22, When the cargo 200 for adjusting angle is transported to the second position, row's case roller line 24 cooperates with inlet roller line 22, will The sequence of 200 row's of being delivered to case roller line 24 of cargo and completion to cargo 200;Further, in the another of inlet roller line 22 One end, which is provided with, pushes away case baffle, for being limited to 200 end of cargo, cargo 200 is avoided to fall;Case driving device is arranged as entire row Case process provides power, to ensure the normal operation of row's draw box mechanism 2, by arranging the mutual of case roller line 24 and inlet roller line 22 Cooperation avoids 2 row's draw box mechanism of row's draw box mechanism, the 22 bulky serious area for tying up factory in the prior art and adaptability is not By force, there is the shortcomings that strict demand limits for the direction of 200 size of cargo and access mechanism, it is competing to promote its applicability and market Strive power.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that inlet roller line 22 includes:First support 222, first One end of frame 222 is provided with inlet mouth, and the other end is provided with first baffle 2222;At least one first roller 224, it is at least one First roller 224 is evenly arranged in 222 upper surface of first support;Turnning box component 226 is set to the side of first support 222, At inlet mouth, for being adjusted to 200 placement angle of cargo;Clamp assembly 228 is set to the two of first support 222 Side, at 22 first position of inlet roller line, for being clamped discharge to cargo 200.
In this embodiment, at least one first roller 224 is evenly arranged in the upper surface of first support 222, when Cargo 200 from the inlet mouth of first support 222 enter inlet roller line 22 when, first roller 224 is realized by its rolling Cargo 200 is conveyed, so as to ensure the normal use of whole device;Further, the structure letter of at least one first roller 224 Single, and motion mode is convenient, manufacture easy to process and repair in the future ensure;Further, setting by turnning box component 226 It puts, cargo 200 of the placement angle in the range of 0 to 90 degree can be adjusted, and then ensure to enter the goods of first position Object 200 arranges in a certain order, convenient for the operation of subsequent handling;Further, clamping group is set at first position Part 228 is in same horizontal line, convenient for the progress of subsequent handling, to improve its work so as to fulfill the cargo 200 after adjusted Efficiency, and then promote the usage experience of user.
In specific embodiment, the inlet roller line 22 of draw box mechanism is arranged using the mode of combination of long drives and drop shots, that is, is provided with different length The roller of degree effectively reduces the overall width of mechanism, is used in adaptation container, compartment.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that clamp assembly 228 includes:Second baffle 2282, setting In on the side of first support 222, positioned at inlet mouth one end;342 first push plate 2284 of push plate, is set to first support 222 Opposite side is oppositely arranged with second baffle 2282;Wherein, when cargo 200 moves to first position, 342 first push plate of push plate 2284 move towards 2282 side of second baffle, and cargo 200 is pushed to 2282 side of second baffle.
In this embodiment, by setting the mutual cooperation of 342 first push plate 2284 of second baffle 2282 and push plate, so as to The side that cargo 200 is respectively positioned on second baffle 2282 is realized, specifically, second baffle 2282 is located at the one of first support 222 Hold fixed, and 342 first push plate 2284 of push plate can be pushed away guide rail slide block 534 by side and be moved towards second baffle 2282, when When the cargo 200 of collated mistake moves to first position, 342 first push plate 2284 of push plate moves, and then cargo 200 is uniformly pushed away It send to the side of second baffle 2282, so as to ensure that the cargo 200 into subsequent processing is located along the same line, and second baffle 2282nd, the structure of 342 first push plate 2284 of push plate is simple, easy to operate, is conducive to processing and manufacturing and maintenance in the future.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that inlet roller line 22 further includes:Box assembly 230 is pushed away, pushes away case Component 230 is set to 22 end of inlet roller line and 2282 same lateral position of second baffle;Wherein, when cargo 200 moves to second During position, box assembly 230 is pushed away by 200 row's of pushing to case roller line 24 of cargo.
In this embodiment, by pushing away the setting of box assembly 230, can by positioned at the cargo 200 of the second position by pushing away 534 row's of pushing to case roller line 24 of box assembly, and then realize fortune of the cargo 200 by inlet roller line 22 to row's case roller line 24 Send, and, positioned at the cargo 200 of the second position it is adjusted after be respectively positioned on same horizontal line, and then ensure that the row's of entering case roller The neat degree of the cargo 200 of line 24, to promote the usage experience of user.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that row's draw box mechanism driving device includes following at least one:Cloud Platform driving, gear driving, motor driving or ball-screw driving;Box assembly 230 is pushed away to be pushed by two level pushing meanss, two Grade pushing meanss include:First order pushing meanss and second level pushing meanss;Wherein, first order pushing meanss are servo motor band Dynamic feed screw nut driving, second level pushing meanss are set in first order pushing meanss, by pushing away the driving of case cylinder.
In this embodiment, in the case of ensureing that pushing away box assembly 230 works normally, holder driving, gear driving, electricity are selected The modes such as machine drives or ball-screw drives, simplify structure, reduce cost;Further, box assembly 230 will be pushed away and is set as two level Drive component, and then ensure to push away the movement travel of box assembly 230, wherein, first order pushing component drives for servo drive motor Convenient for accurately controlling, second level pushing component is set on first time drive component for feed screw nut, is driven by pushing away case cylinder It is dynamic, it cooperates with first order pushing component, and then complete the push of cargo 200.
In specific embodiment, the process of cargo row case, cargo enter from inlet mouth as shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, will according to discharge It asks, chest is rotated by 90 ° by 226 selectivity of turnning box component;Side pushes away servo and the first push plate is driven to manage chest by screw and sliding block Direct join is leaned against on second baffle;A certain number of chests form a line on short motorized pulleys, are pushing away case servo and are pushing away case auxiliary Under the drive of cylinder, permutation chest is pushed away on 230 row's of shifting onto case roller line 24 of box assembly, and permutation chest is in row's case roller line 24 On continue to move ahead, until the row's of touching case baffle after stop;Above-mentioned motion flow is repeated, multiple row chest is on row's case roller line 24 A pile is lined up by scheduled array.Further, it pushes away box part to push in place using servo, the motor-assisted mode of cylinder is adjusted Section servo pushes stroke to be adapted to different size of case pile;Cylinder air pressure is adjusted, case pile can suitably be compressed, case pile is made more to hold It easily promotes and piles up on component.Row's draw box mechanism inlet can set vision detection system, if inlet cargo has packaging exception, horse Upper rejecting reports an error, and avoids influencing follow-up work.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that as shown in Fig. 8 to Figure 10, handler structure 3 includes:First Pile component 32 is pushed away, first, which pushes away pile component 32, is provided with first driving means and transmission parts 364, first driving means and driving section Part 364 is connected, transmission parts 364 to be driven to move;Second pushes away pile component 34, is arranged on first and pushes away 32 lower section of pile component, and Second side for pushing away pile component 34 is provided with reciprocating push plate 342;Gatherer 36 pushes away 32 phase of pile component with first Connection, the lower section for pushing away pile component 34 positioned at second is matched with push plate 342, for importing material;Wherein, transmission parts 364 connect It connects first and pushes away pile component 32 and second and push away pile component 34, under the action of first driving means, second pushes away pile component 34 can be opposite First, which pushes away pile component 32, moves, and the material that push plate 342 can import gatherer 36 carries out pushing away pile.
In this embodiment, it pushes away pile device and pushes away pile component 32 including first, second pushes away pile component 34 and gatherer 36.Its In, first, which pushes away pile component 32, is provided with first driving means and transmission parts 364, first driving means and 364 phase of transmission parts Connection, the movement for transmission parts 364 provides power, transmission parts 364 to be driven to move, and the connection of transmission parts 364 first It pushes away pile component 32 and second and pushes away pile component 34, pile component 34 is pushed away in first driving means and transmission parts 364 so as to fulfill second Collective effect under push away pile component 32 relative to first and move.Second pushes away the shifting that pile component 34 pushes away pile component 32 relative to first It is dynamic, it realizes that change is adjustable and pushes away pile stroke, different size of material is adapted to so as to make to push away pile device, for various sizes of material When, adjustment second, which pushes away pile component 34 and pushes away pile component 32 with first, to be moved it, and is pushed away pile stroke so as to adjust adjustable, is made handler structure 3 pairs of various sizes of materials can adjust adaptation, realize the automatic adjusument of handler structure 3, improve handler structure 3 Versatility avoids the situation that different handler structures 3 is designed for various sizes of material, reduces production cost, improves The working efficiency of handler structure 3.Second, which pushes away pile component 34, is arranged on the first lower section for pushing away pile component 32, and with the first piler Structure is serially connected, and first, which pushes away pile component 32 and second, is pushed away pile component 34 and on the one hand can be realized using the cascade system connected up and down It is adjustable to push away pile stroke, to adapt to various sizes of material, on the other hand can reduce the overall volume of handler structure 3, ensure Push away pile stroke it is enough under conditions of, the volume of handler structure 3 is reduced to the greatest extent, so as to which handler structure 3 be enable to be suitable for Different occasions reduces limitation of the different occasions to handler structure 3, and then improves the versatility of handler structure 3.Meanwhile second It pushes away pile component 34 and is provided with reciprocating push plate 342, matched with the gatherer 36 of setting, gatherer 36 is responsible for leading Enter to need the material operated, push plate 342 carries out the material on gatherer 36 to push away pile, reduces manual operation, improve life Produce efficiency.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that second, which pushes away pile component 34, includes:Fixed frame 344, fixed frame 344 are connected with transmission parts 364;Second driving device 346, is arranged on fixed frame 344, and pass through connecting component and push plate 342 connections, for push plate 342 to be driven to move.
In this embodiment, second push away pile component 34 include 344 and second driving device 346 of fixed frame, fixed frame 344 with First transmission parts 364 for pushing away pile component 32 are connected, with realize fixed frame 344 under the action of transmission parts 364 relative to First, which pushes away pile component 32, moves, and then realizes that second pushes away pile component 34 and push away pile component 32 relative to first and move, to adapt to difference The material of size improves the applicability for pushing away pile device.Second driving device 346 is arranged on fixed frame 344, while passes through connection Component is connected with push plate 342, so as to push plate 342 be driven to move back and forth to complete pushing away for the material imported to gatherer 36 Pile substantially increases production efficiency.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that first connecting portion is provided on transmission parts 364, it is fixed Second connecting portion is provided on frame 344;Wherein, first connecting portion is adapted with second connecting portion, is used to implement second and is pushed away pile group Part 34 pushes away pile component 32 relative to first and moves.
In this embodiment, first connecting portion is provided on transmission parts 364, the second connection is provided on fixed frame 344 Portion, first connecting portion and second connecting portion are adapted so that second pushes away pile component 34 pushes away pile component 32 with first to relatively move Connection, ensure that transmission parts 364 impart power to second and push away pile component 34, drive second to push away pile component 34 opposite first It pushes away pile component 32 to move, realizes that handler structure 3 is adjusted for different size of material, improve the general of handler structure 3 Property.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that first connecting portion and second connecting portion one of them to slide Block 534, another is the guide rail being adapted with sliding block 534;First driving means are servo motor;Second driving device 346 is wrapped Include following at least one:Cylinder, hydraulic cylinder, gas spring;Transmission parts 364 include following at least one:Conveyer belt, gear and Rack 4514, chain 530.
In this embodiment, first connecting portion and second connecting portion are the sliding block 534 and guide rail being adapted, sliding block 534 with Friction is small during guide rail relative motion, it is possible to reduce energy loss when handler structure 3 is run improves capacity usage ratio, together When sliding block 534 and guide rail stability it is strong, so as to ensure that the stability for pushing away pile device entirety;Further, first driving means Selected as servo motor, and then can realize and accurately control, to improve the control accuracy of whole device;Further, second Drive component is cylinder, one kind in hydraulic cylinder, gas spring, multiple due to needing to realize that driving push plate 342 moves back and forth Repetition pushes away pile action, and it is therefore preferred to the structures such as the cylinder, the gas spring that select stable structure, reusability strong;More into one Step ground, transmission parts 364 can be one kind in conveyer belt, gear and rack 4514, chain 530, or other transmissions Mechanism, to realize the transmission of power.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that gatherer 36 is provided with pedestal 362 and is arranged on bottom Power part on seat 362, power part rotation direction are mutually perpendicular to 342 direction of motion of push plate, are used to implement laterally imported Material;Wherein, pedestal 362 pushes away pile component 32 with first and is connected.
In this embodiment, gatherer 36 is provided with pedestal 362 and the power part being arranged on pedestal 362, power The rotation direction of component and the direction of motion of push plate 342 are mutually perpendicular to, and so as to fulfill laterally imported material, save conventional feeds side The elevating mechanism that formula needs, is conveniently operated, is more reasonably utilized space, so as to improve production efficiency.
In specific embodiment, 3 integral installation of handler structure is in the middle and upper part of vehicle frame, and second pushes away pile component 34 after installation Surface than arranging case roller line 24 is high by 10 to 20mm, ensures that the middle and lower part position of case pile short transverse can be shifted onto by pushing away pile plate.In order to obtain It obtains big stroke and improves space availability ratio, handler structure 3 is equipped with two-stage handler structure, is driven respectively by cylinder and servo motor. Because handler structure 3 need to push away whole pile cargo toward component is piled up, until case pile front end face touches gear box assembly 230, that is to say, that Terminal is fixed, considers to take into account the situation of the size of case pile, handler structure 3 pushes away pile distance using Serve Motor Control;And case The smaller stroke for pushing away pile of pile is bigger, therefore, increases stroke using cylinder.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that as is illustrated by figs. 11 and 12, crane component 42 includes: Fixing bracket 48;Crane 50 is movably disposed on fixing bracket 48, is piled up component 44 and is movably disposed at crane On 50;First driving mechanism 52, is arranged on crane 50, is connected with hoistable platform, for driving hoistable platform is opposite to rise It drops frame 50 and carries out elevating movement;Second driving mechanism 54, is arranged on fixing bracket 48, is connected with crane 50, for driving Dynamic crane 50 is relatively fixed stent 48 and is moved horizontally.
In this embodiment, crane 50 is movably disposed on fixing bracket 48, is additionally provided with and is held on crane 50 Row mechanism, executing agency can OQ t frame 50 move.First driving mechanism 52 is arranged on crane 50, while and execution machine Structure is connected end, for executing agency's OQ t frame 50 to be driven to carry out elevating movement, realizes the fortune vertical up and down of executing agency It is dynamic, it is piled up so as to which the cargo placed in executing agency 200 be driven to be elevated to designated position, is driven and performed by machine power Cargo 200 is elevated to precalculated position by mechanism, reduces manual operation, reduces the labor intensity of worker, is improved so as to whole Production efficiency.Second driving mechanism 54 is arranged on fixing bracket 48, and is connected with crane 50, is lifted for driving Frame 50 is moved horizontally relative to fixing bracket 48, wherein, the second driving mechanism 54 driving crane 50 moves, and first Driving mechanism 52 is arranged on crane 50, that is, the second driving mechanism 54 is with the first driving mechanism 52 using the cascade side connected Formula, the second driving mechanism 54 are responsible for being mounted with moving horizontally for the first driving mechanism 52 of cargo 200, and the first driving mechanism 52 is negative The elevating movement of cargo 200 is blamed, it is such that the overall volume for greatly reducing translatable elevating mechanism is set, make overall structure It is more simple, compact, so as to user-friendly use, meanwhile, translatable structure setting can make translatable elevating mechanism Adaptable adjustment is made for different working environments, so as to improve adaptability in different environments, enhances mechanism Versatility, and then improve production efficiency.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that the first driving mechanism 52 includes:First Power Component 522; First gear 524 is connected with the output terminal of the first Power Component 522;Rack guide rail 526, is slidably disposed on crane It on 50, is adapted with first gear 524, the central axis and horizontal plane of rack guide rail 526 are perpendicular;Movable pulley 528, rotatably Ground is arranged on crane 50, and positioned at crane 50 far from ground one end, movable pulley 528 is connected with 4514 guide rail of rack;Chain Item 530, chain 530 are set on movable pulley 528, are piled up component 44 and are connected with chain 530;Wherein, the first Power Component 522 Driving first gear 524 rotates, and first gear 524 is adapted with 4514 guide rail of rack, and 4514 guide rail of drive rack is lifted Movement, and then movable pulley 528 is driven to carry out elevating movement so that movable pulley 528 is rotated, and then institute's chain 530 is driven to transport It is dynamic, realize the elevating movement for piling up component 44.
In this embodiment, the first driving mechanism 52 includes:Rack guide rail 526, rack 4514 and movable pulley 528 are realized Power transmits.Specifically, rack guide rail 526 is slidably disposed on crane 50, and center axis is mutually hung down with horizontal plane Directly, and with gear it is adapted, when the first Power Component 522 is rotated with moving gear, the rack guide rail 526 being connect with gear can phase Elevating movement is carried out to crane 50, the one end of crane 50 far from ground is provided with movable pulley 528, and movable pulley 528 can follow Rack guide rail 526 carries out elevating movement, while itself can be rotated, and executing agency's lifting speed at this time is rack guide rail Twice of 526 lifting speeds, it is meant that the lifting distance of executing agency is twice of 526 lifting distance of rack guide rail, such On the one hand structure setting can make executing agency's realization be rapidly performed by elevating movement, another so as to improve production operation efficiency For aspect under the premise of ensureing that executing agency's adjustable height is certain, the length of the reduction rack guide rail 526 of high degree makes structure It is compacter, whole volume is reduced, is more favorable for the heavy burden self-locking of executing agency, improves the safety that mechanism uses, is improved The usage experience of user.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that the first Power Component 522 includes:Connecting plate 532, with chain Item 530 is connected;Sliding block 534 is arranged on and piles up on component 44, is slideably connected with connecting plate 532.
In this embodiment, the first transmission component further includes connecting plate 532 and sliding block 534, wherein, connecting plate 532 and chain Item 530 is connected, and one end that chain 530 is connect with connecting plate 532 is made not move, and 530 one end of chain is with holding as from the foregoing Row mechanism is connected, so as to fulfill the effect of lifting is accelerated.Sliding block 534 is arranged in executing agency, drives executing agency opposite Connecting plate 532 is slided, so as to the vertical lift for executing agency of practising.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that the second driving mechanism 54 includes:Second Power Component 536, It is arranged on fixing bracket 48;First driving section 538, is arranged on fixing bracket 48, is connected with the second Power Component 536; Second driving section 540 is arranged on institute's crane 50, is adapted with the first driving section 538;Slide assemblies 542, slide assemblies 542 connection fixing brackets 48 and crane 50;Wherein, the second Power Component 536 drives the first driving section 538 to rotate, and then band Dynamic crane 50 is relatively fixed stent 48 by slide assemblies 542 and is moved horizontally.
In this embodiment, the second driving mechanism 54 includes the second Power Component 536, the second transmission component and Slide Group Part 542.Wherein, the second Power Component 536 is connected with the second transmission component, for the second transmission component to be driven to rotate, second Transmission component is connected simultaneously with crane 50, and crane 50 is driven to be moved horizontally.Slide assemblies 542 connect fixing bracket 48 and crane 50, make crane 50 that can be relatively fixed stent 48 and slided, and then realize moving horizontally for crane 50.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that the first driving section 538 includes following at least one:Transmission Band, first gear 524 and rack 4514, chain 530;Second driving section 540 is sliding block 534.
In this embodiment, in the case where ensureing the first driving section 538 normal work using conveyer belt, first gear 524 and rack 4514, the mode of chain 530, it is simple in structure, it is easy to operation, it advantageously reduces into and generates benzene and promote user's Usage experience.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that slide assemblies 542 include:First sliding part 546, setting On fixing bracket 48;Second sliding part 548, is arranged on crane 50, and be connected the first slip with the first driving mechanism 52 Portion 546 is adapted with the second sliding part 548, to realize that crane 50 is moved horizontally relative to fixing bracket 48.
In this embodiment, it by the mutual cooperation of the first sliding part 546 and the second sliding part 548, and then realizes Under the action of first driving mechanism 52, crane 50 moves horizontally, and then facilitates user in actual mechanical process according to reality Border situation adjusts, and to improve working efficiency, promotes the usage experience of user.
In specific embodiment, 50 liang of outsides of crane promote transmission and chain-type movable pulley transmission mechanism equipped with gear, by In 526 top of rack guide rail equipped with movable pulley 528,532 lifting speed V of connecting plate2It will be 526 lifting speed of rack rack guide rail V1Twice.This kind of drive improves the lifting speed that formula of drawing back piles up component 44, and carloader is made to pile up speed and is obtained simultaneously To raising;The accelerated release in vitro of the pulley pressure of speed reducer, speed reducer can select the model of reduction ratio bigger, be filled conducive to piling up Put heavy burden self-locking;Reduce the length of rack guide rail 526, stacking component 44 enable smoothly to be elevated to the top and bottom in compartment, Convenient for piling up the cargo of bottom and top layer.Pulley drive mechanism end is equipped with connecting plate 532, and formula is drawn back in the installation of connecting plate 532 Pile up component 44 so that formula of drawing back piles up that component 44 can progress be horizontal and lifting moving in compartment.In addition, riser guide selects With dovetail groove type structure, the width of effectively thinned lifting part makes cargo be easier to push interior compartment side wall to.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that as shown in Figure 13 to Figure 17, pile up component 44 and include:It is flat Deck plate 442 is arranged on the inside of two connecting plates 532, is connect with two connecting plates 532, for bearing goods 200;Two Connecting plate 532 is connected to a fixed portion 444 with 50 crane component 42 of crane, and platform panel 442 is movably mounted at solid Determine in portion 444;First movement mechanism 446, on fixed part 444, positioned at backwards to 442 bearing goods 200 1 of platform panel Side, platform panel 442 are connected with first movement mechanism 446, and first movement mechanism 446 drives platform panel 442 relative to solid Determine portion 444 to move;Lateral thruster 448 is arranged on fixed part 444, positioned at 442 both sides of platform panel, for pushing cargo 200;Second mobile mechanism 450, on fixed part 444, lateral thruster 448 is movably installed at the second mobile mechanism On 450, the second mobile mechanism 450 driving lateral thruster 448 is moved relative to platform panel 442.
In this embodiment, platform panel 442 is driven to be moved relative to fixed part 444 by first movement mechanism 446, from And transport the cargo 200 carried on platform panel 442 to appointed place, realize the stacking to cargo 200, also, pass through side Pushing device 448 pushes cargo 200 so that and the stacking of cargo 200 is more neat, meanwhile, when platform panel 442 moves, Lateral thruster 448 is clamped cargo 200, ensures that cargo 200 follows platform panel 442 to move, is transported by cargo 200 To appointed place, side pushes away component release, then recalls platform panel 442, at this point, cargo 200 is under the action of own wt, It stops in situ, realizes that the automation to cargo 200 is piled up, also, using platform panel 442 for mechanical arm, The space occupied is smaller, can fully meet the application under the narrow environments such as compartment, and platform panel 442 can be carried disposably A large amount of cargo 200 improves the stacking efficiency of cargo 200, and production cost is low.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that first movement mechanism 446 includes:First motor 4462, if It puts on fixed part 444;Second gear 4464 is arranged in the shaft of the first motor 4462;Rack 4514, with second gear 4464 are meshed, and are arranged on platform panel 442;Wherein, the first motor 4462 driving second gear 4464 rotates, band carry-over bar 4514 movements.
In this embodiment, second gear 4464 is driven to rotate by the first motor 4462, so as to drive the second rack 4514 movements, and then the linear motion of platform panel 442 has been driven, realize the purpose of mobile cargo 200, gear, rack 4514 The kind of drive it is reliable, simple in structure, bearing capacity is strong, and can be precisely located, realize block pattern row pattern.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that the second mobile mechanism 450 includes:Second motor 4502, if It puts in the first fixed seat of carloader 100;First leading screw 4504, one end are connected with the rotary shaft of the second motor 4502, separately One end is connected with the first side push and block trigger seat of carloader 100;First guide rod 4506, one end are arranged on fixed part 444, separately One end is slidably connected with the first side push and block trigger seat;Third motor 4508 is arranged in the second fixed seat of carloader 100;The Two leading screws 4510, one end are connected with the rotary shaft of third motor 4508, the second side push and block plate of the other end and carloader 100 Engine base is connected;Second guide rod 4512, one end are arranged on fixed part 444, and the other end is slided with the second side push and block trigger seat to be connected It connects.
In this embodiment, it by the second motor 4502 being arranged in the first fixed seat, drives across the second fixed seat Leading screw rotation so that the first side push and block trigger seat is slided along the first guide rod 4506, so drive the first side push and block plate in platform It is moved on panel 442, realizes the clamping to cargo 200;Further, the third motor by being arranged in the second fixed seat 4508, drive the leading screw rotation across the first fixed seat so that and the second side push and block trigger seat is slided along the second guide rod 4512, and then The second side push and block plate is driven to be moved on platform panel 442, realizes the clamping to cargo 200, also, the first side push and block plate and the Two side push and block plates can both carry out bidirectional-movement, so as to expand the mobile range of cargo 200, improve mobile platform Adaptability.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that gear box assembly includes:Limiting component 486, limiting section 366 Both ends be connected respectively with two connecting plates 532 of carloader 100, for limiting the position of cargo 200;Keep off case driving part 4864, two connecting plates 532 are arranged on, are connected with limiting component 486, for limiting component 486 to be driven to rotate.
In this embodiment, front positions namely works as goods when realizing the inlet to cargo 200 by the rotation of limit assembly The rotation of limiting component 486 prevents cargo 200 from sliding, so as to complete cargo 200 to leaning on into the position of cargo 200 during 200 inlet of object Arrangement, after 200 inlet of cargo finishes, limiting component 486 is avoided, and can rotate to the side far from cargo 200, i.e., No longer play the role of limiting to cargo 200, meanwhile, mobile platform is moved, and cargo 200 is transported to designated position, up to To after designated position, mobile platform extraction, gear is fixed after limiting component 486 is rotated to the side progress of close cargo 200 at this time Position, cooperation mobile platform are completed to take out bottom;Further, limiting component 486 is driven by keeping off case driving part 4864, and then ensured It is worked normally.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that as shown in Figure 18 to 21, limiting component 486 includes:Two A otic placode 4866, two otic placodes 4866 are oppositely arranged, and are connected respectively with two connecting plates 532, are leaned on positioned at two connecting plates 532 The side of the outlet of nearly carloader 100;Bar 4868, the both ends of bar 4868 are connected respectively with two otic placodes 4866;Its In, when preparing cargo 200 being transported on platform panel 442, two otic placodes 4866 rotate, bar 4868 to be driven to rotate To close to the side of platform, prevent the cargo 200 on platform panel 442 from sliding, when cargo 200 fully enters platform panel When on 442, two otic placodes 4866 rotate, and then bar 4868 is driven to turn to the side far from platform panel 442, work as cargo 200 when having moved to designated position, and two otic placodes 4866 rotate, and then bar 4868 is driven to turn to close to platform panel 442 side, for keeping out cargo 200.
In this embodiment, limiting component 486 is made of two otic placodes 4866 and bar 4868, and two plates of ear can be with branch Fagging rotatably connects, and bar 4868 is for keeping out cargo 200, to prevent cargo 200 from sliding, and then ensures 200 yards of cargo The regularity put, wherein, bar 4868 can turn to different stations under the cooperation of two otic placodes 4866, so as to play not With effect, further, to be fixedly connected or other can rotate bar 4868 between bar 4868 and two otic placodes 4866 Connection mode;When 200 outlet of cargo, when preparing cargo 200 being moved to designated position, bar 4868 can be to far from cargo 200 direction turns to the side far from cargo 200 and is avoided namely the movement of cargo 200 is avoided, so as to ensure 200 smooth outlet of cargo, enables cargo 200 to be quickly moved to designated position, when platform panel 442 prepares to take out bottom progress When piling up next time, bar 4868 keeps off positioning can be rotated to the direction far from cargo 200 to the rear side progress of cargo 200 again after, Cargo 200 is kept out, the pumping basic skill or training of mobile platform is coordinated to make, and cargo 200 can be stayed in due to keeping out for bar 4868 Original place.Wherein, to far from cargo 200 direction rotation can rotate clockwise or rotate counterclockwise, i.e., to not with cargo 200 The direction rotation interfered, specific rotation direction can be configured according to actual conditions.
In one embodiment of the utility model, it is preferable that carloader 100 further includes:Control mechanism, for controlling Carloader 100 works.
In this embodiment, the control to be worked by being provided with control mechanism realization carloader, and then user is facilitated to grasp Make.
In specific embodiment, case pile can be completed in hoistable platform mechanism 4, stacking component 44, the 46 three combination of gear box assembly Entrucking pile up work.Specific executive mode is as follows:
S1, as shown in Figure 22 to Figure 24, every layer of case pile pile up in three times first place both sides case pile (can it is first left and then right, Or first right rear left), then place intermediate box pile;
S2, as shown in figure 18, hoistable platform mechanism 4, which is moved to, connects case position, and handler structure 3 pushes away whole pile cargo toward stacking Component 44, until cargo front end face touches bar 4868;
S3, hoistable platform mechanism 4 by whole pile goods movement to piling up component 44, during mobile, side push and block plate precompressed case pile, So arrange width, after slightly unclamp, it is ensured that case pile is compact;
S3, as shown in figure 19, the bar 4868 of gear box assembly 46 are rotated to peak, direct driving motor drive gear and rack Guide rail stretches out platform panel, cargo is sent to designated position;
Then S4 piles up point three kinds of situations, as shown in Figure 22 to Figure 24:
(1) when piling up left side case pile, left side push and block plate returns to origin (card slot for exiting platform panel completely), and right side pushes away Baffle wedge not Aligning control, stays in card slot, is stretched out together with platform panel by the promotion of card slot, after fully extended, right side push and block Plate pushes away to the left again, and case pile is shifted onto and is adjacent to compartment inner wall;
(2) when stacking right side case pile (as shown in figure 21), right side push and block plate returns to origin and (exits platform panel completely Card slot), left side push and block board not Aligning control is stayed in card slot, is stretched out together with platform panel by the promotion of card slot, fully extended Afterwards, push and block plate in left side pushes away to the left again, and case pile is shifted onto and is adjacent to compartment inner wall;
(3) when piling up intermediate box pile, push and block plate in both sides side returns to origin (card slot for exiting platform panel completely), not It is stretched out with platform panel;
Side pushes away the main purpose for being:In order to vacate width spaces, intermediate box pile is made smoothly to be put into;
S5, as shown in figure 20, bar 4868 are rotated to low spot, and platform panel is retracted, and case pile is stopped by lever 4868 to be slid Above compartment bottom surface or next layer of cargo;
Wherein, it in case of position offset after case pile slides, is detected by sensor or vision system, it is selective by platform Panel carries out small range and pushes amendment
S6, hoistable platform mechanism 4, which moves to draw back formula and pile up component 44 and send back to, connects the position of case pile, draws back formula and piles up component 44th, rotatably 46 each moving parts of gear box assembly reset, and wait for next cycle.
As illustrated in figs. 25 and 26, the carloader working condition of one specific embodiment of the utility model and entrucking is whole Machine work flow diagram.
Second aspect embodiment according to the present utility model, it is proposed that a kind of loading system, including fork truck, robot, defeated Send band and the loading system as described in any of the above-described technical solution.
Loading system provided by the utility model, because including the carloader described in any of the above-described technical solution, therefore with it It is whole advantageous effects, details are not described herein.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, loading system provided by the utility model can also coordinate fork truck 10, unstacking robot 20th, the conveyer belt 30 that stretches forms a set of automatic loading system.According to actual demand, also may be selected without using unstacking robot, goods Object supplied materials directly from pipeline;Flexible pipeline is not limited to belt, can also be the transmission of roller class, and then realizes efficient complete It works into the automatic loading of motor van and container.
Term " multiple " then refers to two or more in the description of the present invention, unless otherwise restricted clearly, The orientation or position relationship of the instructions such as term " on ", " under " are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, merely to just In description the utility model and simplified description rather than instruction or imply that signified device or element must be with specific sides Position, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not intended that limitation to the utility model;Term " connection ", " installation ", " fixation " etc. should all be interpreted broadly, for example, " connection " can be fixedly connected or be detachably connected or integrally Connection;It can be directly connected, can also be indirectly connected by intermediary.For the ordinary skill in the art, Concrete meaning of the above-mentioned term in the utility model can be understood as the case may be.
In the description of this specification, the description of term " one embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " specific embodiment " etc. Mean that combining the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics that the embodiment or example describe is contained at least the one of the utility model In a embodiment or example.In the present specification, schematic expression of the above terms are not necessarily referring to identical embodiment Or example.Moreover, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics of description can be in any one or more embodiments or example In combine in an appropriate manner.
It these are only the preferred embodiment of the utility model, be not intended to limit the utility model, for this field Technical staff for, various modifications and changes may be made to the present invention.Within the spirit and principle of the utility model, Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should be included within the scope of protection of this utility model.

Claims (26)

1. a kind of carloader, which is characterized in that including:
Walking mechanism, the walking mechanism move in moving region, for the movement of the carloader and in the motor area Position adjustment in domain;
Draw box mechanism is arranged, is arranged in the walking mechanism, for carrying out the row's of arrangement case to cargo;
Handler structure is arranged in the walking mechanism, is connected with row's draw box mechanism, for that will pass through row's draw box mechanism Cargo after sequence pushes to next station;
Hoistable platform mechanism is arranged in the walking mechanism, for the mobile cargo pushed by the handler structure.
2. carloader according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the hoistable platform mechanism includes:
Crane component is liftably arranged in the walking mechanism;
Component is piled up, is arranged on the crane component, for receiving the cargo after being sorted by row's draw box mechanism, and by institute Cargo is stated to place to designated position;
Box assembly is kept off, is arranged on the stacking component, for being limited to the cargo being positioned on the stacking component.
3. carloader according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the walking mechanism includes:
Chassis;
Running part is set to the both ends on the chassis, for the movement of the carloader;
Superstructure is arranged on the chassis;
Holder regulating mechanism is arranged on the chassis, is connected with the superstructure, for driving the superstructure phase The chassis is moved;
At least one range unit, at least one range unit are set in the walking mechanism, can be along the vehicle with walking machine Structure surface is moved, and at least one range unit is in contact with object under test, can be moved along the body surface to be measured, is used In the distance for detecting the range unit and the object under test surface.
4. carloader according to claim 1, which is characterized in that row's draw box mechanism includes:
Inlet roller line, the inlet roller line are used for the conveying and adjustment of babinet;
Case roller line is arranged, one end of row's case roller line is connect with the inlet roller line, and the other end, which is provided with, pushes away case baffle;
Draw box mechanism driving device is arranged, row's draw box mechanism driving device is set to the inlet roller line and row's case roller line On, for providing power for the inlet roller line and row's case roller line;
Wherein, when first position of the cargo movement to the inlet roller line, the inlet roller line is to the cargo Position angle be adjusted, when the second position that the inlet roller line is moved to after the cargo is adjusted, the row Case roller line cooperates with the inlet roller line, and the cargo is arranged and is placed.
5. carloader according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the inlet roller line includes:
First support, one end of the first support are provided with inlet mouth, and the other end is provided with first baffle;
At least one first roller, at least one first roller are evenly arranged in the first support upper surface;
Turnning box component is set to the side of the first support, at the inlet mouth, for the cargo placement angle It is adjusted;
Clamp assembly is set to the both sides of the first support, at the inlet roller line first position, for described Cargo is clamped discharge.
6. carloader according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the clamp assembly includes:
Second baffle is set on the side of the first support, positioned at described inlet mouth one end;
First push plate is set to the opposite side of the first support, is oppositely arranged with the second baffle;
Wherein, when the cargo movement is to the first position, first push plate is moved towards the second baffle side, The cargo is pushed into the second baffle side.
7. carloader according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the inlet roller line further includes:
Box assembly is pushed away, the box assembly that pushes away is set to the inlet roller line end and the second baffle same lateral position;
Wherein, when the cargo movement to the second position, the cargo is pushed to row's case by the box assembly that pushes away Roller line.
8. carloader according to claim 7, which is characterized in that
Row's draw box mechanism driving device includes following at least one:Holder driving, gear driving, motor driving or ball-screw Driving;
To be pushed by two level pushing meanss, the two level pushing meanss include the box assembly that pushes away:First order pushing meanss With second level pushing meanss;
Wherein, first order pushing meanss drive feed screw nut driving for servo motor, and the second level pushing meanss are set to institute It states in first order pushing meanss, by pushing away the driving of case cylinder.
9. carloader according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the handler structure includes:
First pushes away pile component, and described first, which pushes away pile component, is provided with first driving means and transmission parts, the first driving dress It puts and is connected with the transmission parts, the transmission parts to be driven to move;
Second pushes away pile component, is arranged on described first and pushes away below pile component, and be provided with can for second side for pushing away pile component The push plate of reciprocating motion;
Gatherer pushes away pile structure with described first and is connected, the lower section for pushing away pile component positioned at described second, with the push plate phase Cooperation, for importing material;
Wherein, the transmission parts connection described first pushes away pile component and described second and pushes away pile component, in the described first driving dress Under the action of putting, described second, which pushes away pile component, to push away the movement of pile component relative to described first, and the push plate can fill described import The material for putting importing carries out pushing away pile.
10. carloader according to claim 9, which is characterized in that described second, which pushes away pile component, includes:
Fixed frame, the fixed frame are connected with the transmission parts;
Second driving device is arranged on the fixed frame, and is connect by connecting component with the push plate, described for driving Push plate campaign.
11. carloader according to claim 10, which is characterized in that
First connecting portion is provided on the transmission parts, second connecting portion is provided on the fixed frame;
Wherein, the first connecting portion is adapted with the second connecting portion, be used to implement described second push away pile component relative to Described first pushes away pile component movement.
12. carloader according to claim 11, which is characterized in that
One of them is sliding block for the first connecting portion and the second connecting portion, another is leads with what the sliding block was adapted Rail;
The first driving means are servo motor;
Second driving device includes following at least one:Cylinder, hydraulic cylinder, gas spring;
The transmission parts include following at least one:Conveyer belt, gear and rack, chain.
13. carloader according to claim 9, which is characterized in that
The gatherer is provided with pedestal and the power part being arranged on the pedestal, the power part rotation direction with The push plate direction of motion is mutually perpendicular to, and is used to implement material described in laterally imported;
Wherein, the pedestal pushes away pile structure with described first and is connected.
14. carloader according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the crane component includes:
Fixing bracket;
Crane is movably disposed on the fixing bracket, and the stacking component is movably disposed at the crane On;
First driving mechanism is arranged on the crane, is connected with the hoistable platform, for driving the hoistable platform Relatively described crane carries out elevating movement;
Second driving mechanism is arranged on the fixing bracket, is connected with the crane, for driving the crane phase The fixing bracket is moved horizontally.
15. carloader according to claim 14, which is characterized in that first driving mechanism includes:
First Power Component;
First gear is connected with the output terminal of first Power Component;
Rack guide rail is slidably disposed on the crane, is adapted with the first gear, in the rack guide rail Mandrel line and horizontal plane are perpendicular;
Movable pulley is rotatably arranged on the crane, positioned at the crane far from ground one end, the movable pulley with The rack guide rail is connected;
Chain, the chain are set on the movable pulley, and the stacking component is connected with the chain;
Wherein, the first Power Component driving first gear rotation, the first gear are adapted with the rack guide rail, drive The dynamic rack guide rail carries out elevating movement, and then the movable pulley is driven to carry out elevating movement so that the movable pulley carries out Rotation, and then the chain movement is driven, realize the elevating movement for piling up component.
16. carloader according to claim 15, which is characterized in that first Power Component further includes:
Connecting plate is connected with the chain;
Sliding block is arranged on the stacking component, is slideably connected with the connecting plate.
17. carloader according to claim 14, which is characterized in that second driving mechanism includes:
Second Power Component is arranged on the fixing bracket;
First driving section is arranged on the fixing bracket, is connected with second Power Component;
Second driving section is arranged on the crane, is adapted with first driving section;
Slide assemblies, the slide assemblies connect the fixing bracket and the crane;
Wherein, second Power Component drives the first driving section rotation, and then the crane is driven to pass through the cunning The relatively described fixing bracket of dynamic component is moved horizontally.
18. carloader according to claim 17, which is characterized in that
First driving section includes following at least one:Conveyer belt, first gear and rack, chain;
Second driving section is sliding block.
19. carloader according to claim 17, which is characterized in that the slide assemblies include:
First sliding part is arranged on the fixing bracket;
Second sliding part is arranged on the crane, and be connected first sliding part and institute with first driving mechanism It states the second sliding part to be adapted, to realize that the crane is moved horizontally relative to the fixing bracket.
20. according to the carloader described in any one of claim 2 or claim 14 to 16, which is characterized in that the stacking Component includes:
Platform panel is arranged on the inside of two connecting plates, is connect with described two connecting plates, for bearing goods;
Described two connecting plates are connected with the crane component;
Fixed part, the platform panel are movably mounted on the fixed part;
On the fixed part, the cargo side is carried positioned at backwards to the platform panel for first movement mechanism, described Platform panel is connected with the first movement mechanism, and the first movement mechanism drives the platform panel relative to described solid Determine portion's movement;
Lateral thruster is arranged on the fixed part, positioned at the platform panel both sides, for pushing the cargo;
Second mobile mechanism, on the fixed part, the lateral thruster is movably installed at second moving machine On structure, second mobile mechanism drives the lateral thruster to be moved relative to the platform panel.
21. carloader according to claim 20, which is characterized in that the first movement mechanism includes:
First motor is arranged on the fixed part;
Second gear is arranged in the shaft of first motor;
Rack is meshed with the second gear, is arranged on the platform panel;
Wherein, first motor drives the second gear rotation, and the rack is driven to move.
22. carloader according to claim 21, which is characterized in that second mobile mechanism includes:
Second motor is arranged in the first fixed seat of the carloader;
First leading screw, one end are connected with the rotary shaft of second motor, the first side push and block of the other end and the carloader Trigger seat is connected;
First guide rod, one end are arranged on the fixed part, and the other end is slidably connected with the first side push and block trigger seat;
Third motor is arranged in the second fixed seat of the carloader;
Second leading screw, one end are connected with the rotary shaft of the third motor, the second side push and block of the other end and the carloader Trigger seat is connected;
Second guide rod, one end are arranged on the fixed part, and the other end is slidably connected with the second side push and block trigger seat.
23. carloader according to claim 19, which is characterized in that the gear box assembly includes:
Limiting component, the both ends of the limiting component are connected respectively with two connecting plates of the carloader, for limiting State the position of cargo;
Case driving part is kept off, described two connecting plates is arranged on, is connected with the limiting component, for driving the limiting section Part rotates.
24. carloader according to claim 23, which is characterized in that the limiting component includes:
Two otic placodes, described two otic placodes are oppositely arranged, and are connected respectively with described two connecting plates, positioned at described two connections Plate is close to the side of the outlet of the carloader;
Bar, the both ends of the bar are connected respectively with described two otic placodes;
Wherein, when preparing cargo being transported on the platform panel, described two otic placode rotations, the bar to be driven to turn It moves to close to the side of the platform panel, prevents the cargo on the platform from sliding, when cargo fully enters described put down When on deck plate, described two otic placode rotations, and then the bar is driven to turn to the side far from the platform panel, work as goods When object has moved to designated position, two otic placode rotations, and then the bar is driven to turn to close to the platform panel Side, for keeping out cargo.
25. the carloader according to any one of claim 1 to 19, which is characterized in that including:
Control mechanism, for the carloader to be controlled to work.
26. a kind of loading system, which is characterized in that including any in fork truck, robot, conveyer belt and such as claim 1 to 25 Carloader described in.
CN201720970638.7U 2017-08-04 2017-08-04 Carloader and loading system Active CN207467758U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109720893A (en) * 2019-01-25 2019-05-07 浙江明度智控科技有限公司 A kind of delivery device, entrucking head and bagged articles loading method
CN110937419A (en) * 2019-12-25 2020-03-31 惠州市闽航机械有限公司 Express delivery tricycle rapid assembly system and method
CN111994542A (en) * 2019-09-05 2020-11-27 苏春英 Logistics transportation control method
CN113443459A (en) * 2021-07-05 2021-09-28 界首市金龙机械设备有限公司 Intelligent automatic loading equipment with material sequencing function

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109720893A (en) * 2019-01-25 2019-05-07 浙江明度智控科技有限公司 A kind of delivery device, entrucking head and bagged articles loading method
CN111994542A (en) * 2019-09-05 2020-11-27 苏春英 Logistics transportation control method
CN110937419A (en) * 2019-12-25 2020-03-31 惠州市闽航机械有限公司 Express delivery tricycle rapid assembly system and method
CN113443459A (en) * 2021-07-05 2021-09-28 界首市金龙机械设备有限公司 Intelligent automatic loading equipment with material sequencing function

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