Top feeding Split garbage compressor and the garbage compression station with the compressor
The utility model relates to refuse compressor field, specially a kind of top feeding Split garbage compressor and tool
There is the garbage compression station of the compressor.
In garbage collecting and transferring system, the Split garbage compressor used both at home and abroad is mostly horizontal docking, i.e. compressor
It is docked along rubbish box body horizontal direction.After such compressor completes garbage-compressing vanning, the needs pair when being separated with dustbin
Rubbish carries out cutting separating treatment, due to the complexity of component of refuse, causes rubbish cutting unclean, rubbish remains in dustbin
Outside, mobile dust pollution and odor contamination during garbage transporting influence that road is beautiful and urban environment.Another weight
The problem of wanting is, in the garbage transfer station of horizontal butt joint type compressor, transhipment dustbin and to receive fortune rubbish opposite at two
It is carried out on direction, so that the area that refuse depot occupies is larger.This mode is not suitable for narrow city and residential neighborhood's construction.
For narrow city and residential neighborhood, removable compressed dustbin is mostly used to load at present, storage, compression rubbish
Rubbish.The frame mode that material lifting mechanism, power unit, compressor and the dustbin of the device are usually integrated compressor and mentions
Material mechanism is mounted on rubbish box body.Although such device is without caused by separating of garbage existing for horizontal split type compressor
The problems such as polluting and taking up a large area, but 2 tons or so of compressor and feeding garbage mechanism are mounted on rubbish box body, are increased
The Weight Loaded of haulage vehicle, reducing the dischargeable capacity of dustbin, (compressor and charging device generally take up dustbin five
/ bis- space), reduce the useful load of rubbish, consumption rate of fired oil greatly improves, and is unfavorable for energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Utility model content
For the defects in the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of top feeding Split garbage compressor and has
The garbage compression station of the compressor, compact-sized, occupied area is small, effectively increases dustbin actual volume, reduces rubbish pressure
Energy consumption in compression process improves rubbish and transports efficiency, reduces pollution.
Technical solutions of the utility model are as follows:
A kind of top feeding Split garbage compressor, key are: the trash compactor is opened for upper and lower, front
The case structure of mouth, is made of back plate and left and right side plate, and the upper opening is garbage inlet；The left and right side plate
Length direction along them is equipped with corresponding guide rail；The compressor further includes pressure head, which is slidably disposed in described
On guide rail, towards the front opening of compressor, pressure head rear end is connected with hydraulic cylinder for pressure head front end.
Preferably, the cunning cover group for blocking rubbish is equipped with above and below the pressure head, sliding cover group is by several overlappings
Slide plate composition, pressure head slides along the guide rail and drives the slide plate telescopic slide in the cunning cover group, to stop rubbish to be pressed
The power end of contracting machine.
Preferably, the guide rail is made of corresponding upper and lower rails, the upper and lower end of the pressure head respectively with it is described upper and lower
Guide rail is slidably matched.
Preferably, the lower openings of the trash compactor are additionally provided with bottom plate close to one end of pressure head.
A kind of garbage compression station, the garbage compression station include the dustbin for accommodating rubbish, and key is: the dustbin
Top is equipped with the top feeding Split garbage compressor；One end at the top of the dustbin be recessed downwards formation one with
The compatible rectangular recess of the following partial shape of garbage-compressing machine inlet, the front and bottom of the rectangular recess have with
The trash compactor front opening and the corresponding rubbish inlet mouth of bottom opening, the rubbish inlet mouth and the rubbish box cavity
It communicates；Compressor is placed on the rectangular recess bottom plate, the outer surface and the rectangle of the back plate of compressor and left side plate
The corresponding inner wall fitting of groove, the back plate and left side plate inner surface of compressor and the rubbish inlet mouth and rubbish of the dustbin
Rubbish box cavity forms compression cabin, and the pressure head forward slip of compressor pushes to rubbish in the dustbin.
Preferably, the dustbin bottom is equipped with traveling wheel.
Preferably, the dustbin back-plane design is at low early and high after,
As shown from the above technical solution, Split garbage compressor will be pressed along with dustbin vertical direction by rectangular recess
It is partially loaded dustbin below contracting machine inlet, and then forms a garbage-compressing cabin.Rubbish enters from the upper opening of compressor
And be deposited on dustbin bottom plate, when the rubbish height being deposited on dustbin bottom plate is more than the pressure head upper end level of compressor
Afterwards, the power end drive ram of compressor carries out horizontal propulsion compression to accumulation rubbish along guide rail forward slip in compression cabin,
Rubbish is pushed into cabinet by rubbish inlet mouth.
Due to the above structure, the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
1, compressor is installed at the top of dustbin, and rubbish enters dustbin from the upper opening and lower openings of compressor,
At the initial stage of dustbin load garbage, by the self gravity of rubbish, simultaneously compressed garbage is loaded, without starting compressor power source,
To reduce energy consumption.
2, after the sanitary fill height for entering dustbin is more than compressor height, compressor power system can be started, driven
The pressure head of dynamic compressor promotes compression along rubbish carry out level of the guide rail forward slip to the ultra-high pressure head being deposited in dustbin,
Simultaneously compressed garbage is pushed into cabinet by rubbish inlet mouth.As rubbish input increases, rubbish starts mutually to compress.Dustbin
Internal upper part waste density increases, and also increases in the gravity that vertical direction generates, makes full use of the gravity of rubbish in this way, improves
The vanning degree of filling and compression ratio of rubbish.
3, compressor and dustbin adopt a split structure, feed mechanism, power list with packaged type garbage compression box
Member, compressor improve the actually active volume of dustbin compared with dustbin integral structure mode, reduce rubbish transport time
Number reduces the own wt of dustbin, and then improves rubbish and transport efficiency, reduces the receipts fortune cost of rubbish.
4, compressor uses top, front, lower openings mode, and vertical garbage is facilitated to enter dustbin, leans on rubbish itself
From compressing, pressure head level pushes away dress and is compacted rubbish weight.With active vertical garbage-compressing mode be disposed vertically dustbin compared with,
The mounting height of refuse depot in vertical direction is greatly reduced, and facilitates dustbin entrucking, equipment cost and civil engineering cost are big
It is big to reduce.
5, Split garbage compressor will compress machine inlet or less portion by rectangular recess along with dustbin vertical direction
It is distributed into dustbin, can be reduced the space that compressor occupies dustbin, to increase the efficient loading amount of dustbin.
6, compressor is directly installed in vertical direction at the top of dustbin, compact-sized, easy for installation, occupied area
It is small, suitable for the installation of diversified forms, it is widely used in the scene of a variety of narrow spaces.
7, using top feed mode, after rubbish fills dustbin, compressor takes out along with dustbin vertical direction, compression
Remaining rubbish is automatically fallen into dustbin under the effect of gravity in machine compression cabin, and rubbish will not remain in outside dustbin, compare
Conventional two-piece level docks trash compactor, without carrying out cutting operation to rubbish.
8, after filling rubbish in dustbin, the further compressed garbage of compressor, due to the setting of rectangular recess bottom plate, rubbish
Rubbish moves forward, downwards, to the bottom plate back lower place in mutual extrusion, and bottom plate will prevent the rubbish below cabinet from moving up, from
And ensure that rubbish is further compacted, prevent rubbish from springing back and rubbish screen resilience is prevented to be transmitted to compressor, further increase rubbish
9, dustbin floor design is at low early and high after, the liquid that compressed garbage generates under the effect of gravity, before automatically flowing into
Cabin in the case where can preventing back door sealing strip from ging wrong, prevents the outside overflow of liquid.
Detailed description of the invention
It, below will be right in order to illustrate more clearly of specific embodiment of the present invention or technical solution in the prior art
Specific embodiment or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art are briefly described.In all the appended drawings, similar
Element or part are generally identified by similar appended drawing reference.In attached drawing, each element or part might not be according to actual ratios
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model trash compactor；
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the dustbin of the utility model；
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram that trash compactor is mounted on dustbin；
Fig. 4 is the status diagram of the utility model compressed garbage；
Fig. 5 is another status diagram of the utility model compressed garbage；
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram that the utility model is applied to that rubbish is collected at ground refuse station；
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram that the utility model is applied to that ground refuse station separates compressor；
Fig. 8 is that the utility model is applied to the structural schematic diagram that rubbish is collected in buried type garbage station；
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram that the utility model is applied to that buried type garbage station separates compressor；
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram that the utility model is applied to that rubbish is collected in building formula refuse depot；
Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram that the utility model is applied to that building formula refuse depot separates compressor；
In attached drawing: 1- compressor；101- back plate；102- side plate；103- compressor bottom board；104- lower openings；Before 105-
Portion's opening；106- guide rail；107- pressure head；108- slides cover group；109- upper opening；110- hydraulic cylinder；2- dustbin；201-
Groove；202- rubbish inlet mouth；203- traveling wheel；204- groove base plate；205- dustbin bottom plate；3- garbage feeding bucket；4- liter
Equipment drops；5- feeding gate.
The embodiments of the present invention are described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawing.
In the present embodiment, the orientation or position of the instructions such as term " on " "lower" " left side " " right side " " preceding " " rear " " upper end " " lower end "
Setting relationship is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is merely for convenience of describing, rather than indication or suggestion meaning
Device or element must have a particular orientation, constructed or operated with specific orientation, therefore should not be understood as practical new to this
The limitation of type.
With reference to Fig. 1, a kind of top feeding Split garbage compressor 1, the trash compactor is upper and lower, front opening
Case structure, be made of back plate 101 and left and right side plate 102 and compressor bottom board 103, the upper opening 109
For garbage inlet.The left and right side plate 102 is equipped with corresponding guide rail 106 along their length direction, and guide rail 106 is by corresponding to
Upper/lower guide composition.The compressor further includes pressure head 107, and the upper and lower side of the pressure head 107 is sliding with the upper/lower guide respectively
Dynamic cooperation, towards the front opening 105 of compressor, pressure head rear end is connected with hydraulic cylinder 110 (Fig. 4) for pressure head front end, and pressure head exists
It is slided under the driving of hydraulic cylinder 110 along guide rail 106.
The cunning cover group 108 for blocking rubbish is equipped with above and below above-mentioned pressure head, pressure head 107 is along the guide rail 106
It slides and the cunning cover 108 is driven to slide together.Sliding cover group prevents rubbish from entering in the headstock of pressure head.
Referring to figs. 1 to Fig. 5, a kind of garbage compression station, the garbage compression station includes accommodating the dustbin 2 of rubbish and setting
Trash compactor 1 at 2 top of dustbin.The one end at 2 top of dustbin, which is recessed downwards, forms one and the rubbish pressure
Part below 1 upper opening of contracting machine (partially refers to below compressor upper opening: above sliding cover group upper surface to compressor bottom board part
Volume) the compatible rectangular recess 201 of shape, the rectangular recess front and bottom have opens with the trash compactor front
Mouth 105 and the corresponding rubbish inlet mouth 202 of lower openings 104, the rubbish inlet mouth 202 are communicated with the rubbish box cavity.Institute
It states trash compactor 1 to be placed in the groove base plate 204 of the rectangular recess 201, compressor bottom board 103 connects with groove base plate 204
Touching, the back plate 101 of compressor and the outer surface inner wall fitting corresponding with the rectangular recess respectively of left side plate 102, pressure
The back plate 101 and 102 inner surface of left side plate and the rubbish inlet mouth 202 and rubbish box cavity of the dustbin of contracting machine are formed
Cabin is compressed, the pressure head forward slip of compressor pushes to rubbish in the dustbin.During pressure head pushes rubbish, by
In the extruding force that the frictional force of rubbish moving process generation, rubbish are mutual, so that pressure head 107 be made to generate compressing force to rubbish.
It is equipped with traveling wheel 203 in 2 bottom of dustbin, realizes that split type compressor 1 is adaptively pasted with 2 top rectangular groove of dustbin
Utility model works process: Split garbage compressor 1 passes through rectangular recess along with 2 vertical direction of dustbin
201 are packed into dustbin.It is packed into the trash compactor 1 and dustbin 2 of dustbin, forms garbage-compressing cabin, rubbish is from compressor 1
Upper opening 109 enters in dustbin, after rubbish stack height of the rubbish in dustbin is more than pressure head 107 of compressor 1, pressure
110 drive ram of hydraulic cylinder, 107 forward slip of contracting machine 1 pushes to rubbish in dustbin 2 to compressor front opening.When
After rubbish fills dustbin, pressure head 107 continues to push rubbish, and rubbish is pressed into dustbin 2 by 107 strength of pressure head, and rubbish is mutual
Between generate extruding force, the rubbish in dustbin is compressed under rubbish extruding force and gravity.With the pressure of rubbish
Contracting, rubbish upper box part density increase, and also increase in the gravity that vertical direction generates, make full use of the gravity of rubbish in this way,
Improve the vanning degree of filling and compression ratio of rubbish.After compressor 1 completes garbage-compressing, taken out along with 2 vertical direction of dustbin, it is residual
The a small amount of rubbish stayed in garbage-compressing storehouse is fallen into dustbin 2 along 1 lower openings of trash compactor, automatic by rubbish gravity
Empty litter compresses the rubbish in cabin.
The effect of rectangular recess bottom plate 204 is: after the sanitary fill height in dustbin 2 is more than compressor, compressor 1
When the rubbish for being higher by 107 part of pressure head is pushed into dustbin, and the rubbish of 107 bottom of pressure head is further compressed, this pressure
Contracting power is by the way that on the rubbish being mutually transmitted at bottom plate 204 between rubbish, at this time since rubbish has screen resilience, rubbish will be right
The generation of bottom plate 204 upwards pressure, and bottom plate 204 limits the pressure and passes to compressor 1.In actual operation, it picks and places split type
Compressor 1 is needed using compressor lifting device 4, because compressor 1 is limited by compressor lifting device 4, so, it can go to break off the base
Plate 204, without worrying that rubbish screen resilience is transmitted to compressor bottom board 103 and compressor is caused integrally to move up problem.Dustbin bottom plate
205 can be designed to it is low early and high after, compressed garbage generate liquid under the effect of gravity, automatically flow into front deck, back door can be prevented
In the case that sealing strip goes wrong, the outside overflow of liquid is prevented.
After completing garbage-compressing vanning, compressor 1 vertically takes out upwards, remains in the interior rubbish of compressor 1
Under gravity, it automatically falls into dustbin 2, without carrying out cutting garbage disposal to rubbish.
As shown in fig. 6, the utility model is applied in ground refuse station, garbage feeding bucket 3 is by the rubbish on ground from pressure
The upper opening of contracting machine 1 is added, and compressor 1 in turn pushes to rubbish in dustbin 2.As shown in fig. 7, trash compactor 1
Installation and removal are completed by the lifting of compressor lifting device 4, easy to loading and unloading.The occupied space in the refuse depot and existing use
Removable compressed dustbin refuse depot the space occupied it is consistent, therefore, directly the station can be transformed.
As shown in figure 8, the utility model is applied in buried type garbage station, the utility model is installed on underground, charging
Door 5 is opened, and rubbish falls into the upper opening of compressor from feed inlet, and then completes garbage-compressing.As shown in figure 9, by elevator
The utility model is promoted to ground, the installation and removal of trash compactor 1 are completed by the lifting of compressor lifting device 4, dress
It unloads conveniently.
As shown in Figure 10, the utility model is applied in building formula refuse depot, the utility model is mounted on building formula rubbish
It stands bottom, rubbish falls into the upper opening of compressor 1 from upper layer feed inlet, and then completes garbage-compressing.As shown in figure 11, rubbish
The installation and removal of compressor 1 are completed by the lifting of compressor lifting device 4, easy to loading and unloading.The occupied space in the refuse depot
It is consistent with existing building formula refuse depot the space occupied used, therefore, directly the station can be transformed.
Finally, it should be noted that above embodiments are only to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model, rather than its limitations；
Although the utility model is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, those skilled in the art should understand that；
It can still modify to technical solution documented by previous embodiment, or to some or all of the technical features
It is equivalently replaced；And these are modified or replaceed, the utility model embodiment that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution
The range of technical solution should all cover in the claim of the utility model and the range of specification.Such as: compressor
1 compression cabin lower openings can also use closing form, roof door moving up and down will be made at the top of dustbin rectangular recess,
When roof door is touched in compressor lower part, roof door is moved together with compressor lower part to square under the driving of compressor interior arrangement
Connected in star bottom.It is de- with compression Ceiling when roof door is moved at the top of rectangular recess when compressor takes out from dustbin
From roof door closes dustbin, the technological improvement etc. of similar aspect.