CN207959737U - A kind of roof greening system with rain collector - Google Patents

A kind of roof greening system with rain collector Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207959737U
CN207959737U CN201820233251.8U CN201820233251U CN207959737U CN 207959737 U CN207959737 U CN 207959737U CN 201820233251 U CN201820233251 U CN 201820233251U CN 207959737 U CN207959737 U CN 207959737U
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Prior art keywords
growing area
roof
outlet pipe
roof greening
enclosure wall
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CN201820233251.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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何涛
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Chengdu Aishang Urban Agriculture Co Ltd
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Chengdu Aishang Urban Agriculture Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of roof greening systems with rain collector, the roof ground to fence up including roof enclosure wall and by roof enclosure wall, the growing area of partition type is provided on roof ground, growing area includes the first growing area and the second growing area, it is provided with passageway between first growing area and the second growing area, it is respectively arranged with rainwater collection pool by first growing area and the second growing area, rainwater collection pool lower sides are provided with outlet pipe, valve is provided on outlet pipe, and outlet pipe is connected with the drip irrigation system for watering to growing area, wind and optical energy integrated power generation system and work station are provided between rainwater collection pool, first growing area and the second growing area are evenly arranged with several humidity sensors respectively, humidity sensor and valve are electrically connected with work station.The roof greening system is reasonable in design, waters on demand to roof greening plant so that more convenient to the maintenance of roof greening system.

Description

A kind of roof greening system with rain collector
Technical field
The utility model is related to roof greening technology fields, and it is green to relate particularly to a kind of roof with rain collector Change system.
Background technology
Roof greening has become the important set of city ecology construction because that can increase green coverage without land occupation resource At one of part.Roof greening can be broadly interpreted as enclosing in all kinds of ancient and present architecture objects, structures, city, bridge (viaduct) Deng roof, balcony, balcony, carry out landscape architecture on balcony or large-sized artificial artificial hillock massif, plant the general designation of trees flowers.Roof is green Change to increasing urban green space area, improves the environment for human survival space deteriorated increasingly;Improve city high rise building mansion to stand in great numbers, improve The hard of numerous roads is mated formation and the present situation of natural land and plant that replaces;Improve excessively felling natural forest, various exhaust gas The urban heat land effect of pollution and formation, the harm to the mankind such as sandstorm;Mankind's green space is opened up, garden city is built, The living conditions for improving the people, improve the quality of living, and to beautifying urban environment, and improvement ecological effect has extremely important Meaning.
Current roof green planting structure already existing on the market often simply plants some greens on roof Plant increases greening to reach, and improves the purpose of air quality, but this class formation often design it is unreasonable so that maintenance is got up It is very difficult, and to green plants carry out moisture pouring when, often do not poured, caused according to the specific humidity of soil Sometimes soil is very dry is not also replenished in time moisture, or need not sometimes keep the skin wet when is also being poured, and is caused The waste of water resource is unfavorable for the growth of plant.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of roof greening system with rain collector, to solve roof greening planting Unreasonable structure carries out moisture to green plants and supplements unreasonable technical problem.
The utility model specifically uses following technical scheme to achieve the goals above:
A kind of roof greening system with rain collector, including roof enclosure wall and the roof that is fenced up by roof enclosure wall Ground, is provided with the growing area of partition type on the roof ground, and the growing area includes the first growing area and the second growing area, It is provided with passageway between first growing area and the second growing area, rain is respectively set by the first growing area and the second growing area Water collecting pit, the rainwater collection pool lower sides are provided with outlet pipe, valve are provided on the outlet pipe, and outlet pipe connects It is connected to the drip irrigation system for watering to growing area, wind and optical energy integrated power generation system and work are provided between rainwater collection pool It stands, first growing area and the second growing area are evenly arranged with several humidity sensors, the humidity sensor respectively It is electrically connected with valve and work station.Rainwater collection pool can be collected rainwater, and store to carry out trickle irrigation to growing area, save The setting of water resource, humidity sensor can measure the humidity in soil, then signal is transmitted to work station, be provided in work station aobvious The display for showing humidity can decide whether to need to carry out trickle irrigation to growing area, presets and need trickle irrigation according to humidity value Humidity value, when less than this humidity value, work station control valve is opened, and water out enters drip irrigation system to kind from outlet pipe Growing area carries out trickle irrigation, and such be designed with is poured on demand conducive to the humidity situation of the soil according to growing area, and real Existing automation control, without human intervention so that more convenient to the maintenance of roof greening system simple.
Preferably, it is provided with soft protecting net on the roof enclosure wall of the growing area.Since the plant of growing area plantation can The height that can exceed that roof enclosure wall, in blowing and raining season, the limb of plant be possible to by peak scrape it is disconnected and fall to outside pound to Pedestrian downstairs or public setting, therefore soft protecting net is set and is stopped, prevent the limb of plant from falling to leads to safety downstairs Hidden danger.
Preferably, the growing area includes vegetation, soil, waterproof layer successively from top to bottom.It is such to be provided with conducive to being The leak of roof ground is prevented, floor structure is damaged.
Preferably, the soil horizon bottom is evenly arranged with several gutters, is with several leakages at the top of the gutter The lid in water hole, and the one end in the gutter enclosure wall that sticks up on the roof is connected with a drainpipe.When encountering heavy showers weather, largely Rainwater is stacked into soil bottom, easily corrodes plant root, is unfavorable for the growth of plant, therefore the extra rainwater of rainwater is from soil Surface, which is immersed, reaches soil bottom, then enters gutter from leakage hole, is discharged from entering in drainpipe in gutter.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
1. the roof greening system is reasonable in design, rainwater collection pool collects rainwater storage and provides required water for plant Point, wind and optical energy integrated power generation system can be generated electricity using wind energy and solar energy, and required electric flux is provided for work station, plantation Area carries out subregion plantation, and setting passageway is conducive to staff and carries out maintenance of plant to roof greening system, and such design is supported Shield is simple, and without being additionally provided water resource and electric energy, has greatly saved cost.
2. the valve and work station of humidity sensor and outlet pipe are used cooperatively so that poured on demand roof greening plant Water, and whole-course automation controls, without the detection operation of artificial moment so that more convenient to the maintenance of roof greening system.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is roof greening system structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is soft protecting net and roof fence structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is growing area structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is gutter lid structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is rainwater-collecting drip irrigation system structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is rainwater collection pool cross-sectional view;
Fig. 7 is rainwater diversion plate, shaft and synchronous motor structure schematic diagram;
In figure label for:The filter chambers 1-, 2- reservoir chambers, 3- deflectors, 4- outlet pipes, 5- valves, 6- water distributors, 7- branch water Pipe, 8- droppers, 9- overflow ports, 10- baffles, 11- synchronous motors, 12- shafts, 13- control cabinets, 14- fixed plates, 15- filter screens, 16- pebble layers, 17- level sensors, 18- stabilizer blades, 301- diversion trenches, the roofs 20- ground, the roofs 21- enclosure wall, 22- are flexible Protection network, 23- rainwater collection pools, the first growing areas of 24-, the second growing areas of 25-, the passageways 26-, the wind and optical energy integrated systems of 27-, 28- work stations, 29- humidity sensors, the gutters 30-, 31- drainpipes, 32- lids, 201- vegetation, 202- soil horizons, 203- Waterproof layer.
Specific implementation mode
In order to which those skilled in the art are better understood from the utility model, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings with following embodiment to this Utility model is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1
A kind of roof greening system with rain collector, including roof enclosure wall 21 and fenced up by roof enclosure wall 21 Roof ground 20 is provided with the growing area of partition type on the roof ground 20, is arranged on the roof enclosure wall 21 of the growing area Flexible protection network 22, soft protecting net 22 can prevent the limb of plant from falling to leads to security risk downstairs, and growing area is from upper Include vegetation 201, soil, waterproof layer successively under and, such setting is to damage floor knot to prevent 20 leak of roof ground Structure, 202 bottom of soil horizon are evenly arranged with several gutters 30, and 30 top of the gutter is the lid with several leakage holes 32, and the one end in gutter 30 enclosure wall 21 that sticks up on the roof is connected with a drainpipe 31;When encountering heavy showers weather, a large amount of rain Water is stacked into soil bottom, easily corrodes plant root, is unfavorable for the growth of plant, therefore the extra rainwater of rainwater is from soil table Face, which is immersed, reaches soil bottom, then enters gutter 30 from leakage hole, is discharged from entering in drainpipe 31 in gutter 30;Kind Growing area includes the first growing area 24 and the second growing area 25, is provided between first growing area, 24 and second growing area 25 Rainwater collection pool 23,23 lower part of the rainwater collection pool are respectively arranged with by road 26, the first growing area 24 and the second growing area 25 Side wall is provided with outlet pipe 4, valve 5 is provided on the outlet pipe 4, and outlet pipe 4 is connected with for pouring growing area The drip irrigation system of water is provided with wind and optical energy integrated power generation system and work station 28, first kind of plant between rainwater collection pool 23 Area 24 and the second growing area 25 be evenly arranged with respectively several humidity sensors 29, the humidity sensor 29 and valve 5 with Work station 28 is electrically connected.
Operation principle:Rainwater collection pool 23 can be collected rainwater, and store to carry out trickle irrigation to growing area, save The setting of water resource, humidity sensor 29 can measure the humidity in soil, then signal is transmitted to work station 28, be set in work station 28 It is equipped with the display of display humidity, can decide whether to need to carry out trickle irrigation to growing area according to humidity value, preset needs The humidity value of trickle irrigation, when less than this humidity value, 28 control valve 5 of work station is opened, and water out enters drop from outlet pipe 4 Fill system carries out trickle irrigation to growing area, and such be designed with is poured on demand conducive to the humidity situation of the soil according to growing area It fills, and realizes automation control, without human intervention so that is more convenient to the maintenance of roof greening system simple.
The roof greening system is reasonable in design, and rainwater collection pool 23 collects rainwater storage and provides required water for plant Point, wind and optical energy integrated power generation system can be generated electricity using wind energy and solar energy, provided required electric flux for work station 28, planted Growing area carries out subregion plantation, and setting passageway 26 is conducive to staff and carries out maintenance of plant to roof greening system, such to set Meter maintenance is simple, and without being additionally provided water resource and electric energy, has greatly saved cost.
Embodiment 2
It is advanced optimized on the basis of embodiment 1, in the present embodiment, rainwater collection pool 23 includes that centre is separated with partition board Filter chamber 1 and reservoir chamber 2, for the setting of outlet pipe 4 in 2 lower sides of reservoir chamber, 1 top of the filter chamber is provided with inclined rain Water deflector 3 is provided with several diversion trenches 301 in rainwater diversion plate 3, and 3 lower side of rainwater diversion plate extends into filter chamber 1, An overflow port 9 is provided on the partition board;Rainwater-collecting is entered filter chamber 1 by rainwater under the guiding of rainwater diversion plate 3, due to 1 open top of filter chamber is not enclosed, and therefore, rainwater also can directly enter from 1 open top of filter chamber in filter chamber 1, rain Water flows into reservoir chamber 2 from overflow port 9 after the filtering of filter chamber 1 and is stored, and when needing to carry out trickle irrigation, opens valve 5, trickle irrigation is carried out to the plant of roof planting by rainwater drip irrigation system;
1 top of the filter chamber is provided with a filter screen 15, and 15 lower section of the filter screen is provided with a pebble layer 16, and 1 inner right side of filter chamber is provided with an overflow chamber 101, and 101 lower end of the overflow chamber is provided with a water outlet 102, the water outlet Mouth 102 is connected to filter chamber 1, and overflow port 9 is located in overflow chamber 101.Rainwater first passes through the filtering of filter screen 15, in rainwater A part of contaminant filter being mingled with falls, and is then filtered using pebble layer 16 so that the silt in rainwater can precipitate well To 1 bottom of filter chamber, and the rainwater by filtering enters overflow chamber 101 by water outlet 102, sediment deposition to bottom, and Clear water overflow from overflow port 9 in top is conducive to the impurity in removal rainwater, prevents rain into storage in reservoir chamber 2, such setting Impurity in water blocks pipeline.
Embodiment 3
It is advanced optimized on the basis of embodiment 1, in the present embodiment, the lower end of rainwater diversion plate 3 is fixedly installed one Shaft 12,12 both ends of the shaft stretch out about 1 two side of filter chamber be connected separately with a drive shaft 12 rotate synchronize electricity Machine 11,1 left side wall of filter chamber top are provided with a baffle 10, and 1 right side wall upper end of filter chamber is provided with a fixed plate 14, the gear The top of plate 10 and the upper surface of fixed plate 14 are both provided with pressure inductor, 2 upper and lower part side wall difference of the reservoir chamber It is provided with a level sensor 17, a control cabinet 13, the control cabinet 13 and liquid level are provided on 23 lateral wall of rainwater collection pool Inductor 17, synchronous motor 11 and pressure inductor are electrically connected.When the water level in reservoir chamber 2 reaches the level sensor of upper portion side wall When at 17, signal is transmitted to control cabinet 13 by the level sensor 17 of upper portion side wall, and control cabinet 13 controls the driving of synchronous motor 11 and turns Axis 12 rotates forward, and to drive rainwater diversion plate 3 to rotate, when the upper end of rainwater diversion plate 3 moves in fixed plate 14, rainwater is led Flowing plate 3 just covers filter chamber 1, and the pressure inductor in fixed plate 14 senses the pressure of rainwater diversion plate 3, and signal is passed To control cabinet 13, control cabinet 13 controls synchronous motor 11 and stops operating, and allows in this way after the water storage in reservoir chamber 2 is full mistake Filter chamber 1 covers, and rainwater is avoided to go successively in rainwater collection pool 23, when the water in reservoir chamber 2 reaches 2 lower sides of reservoir chamber When level sensor 17, signal is transmitted to control cabinet 13 by level sensor 17, and control cabinet 13 controls 11 drive shaft of synchronous motor 12 reversions, to drive rainwater diversion plate 3 to rotate, when rainwater diversion plate 3 moves at baffle 10, the feeling of stress on baffle 10 Device is answered to sense that the pressure of rainwater diversion plate 3, signal are transmitted to control cabinet 13, control cabinet 13 controls synchronous motor 11 and stops operating, Such mode realizes the automation of rainwater-collecting.
Embodiment 4
It is advanced optimized on the basis of embodiment 1, in the present embodiment, as shown in figure 5, the rainwater drip irrigation system includes The water distributor 6 being connected to outlet pipe 4 is provided with several branching pipes 7 side by side on the water distributor 6, is arranged on the branching pipe 7 Being arranged side by side in a word has several droppers 8, is provided with below the water distributor 6 and branching pipe 7 several for fixing 6 He of water distributor The stabilizer blade 18 of branching pipe 7, as shown in figure 3, branching pipe 7 is arranged above soil horizon 202, stabilizer blade 18 is inserted into soil horizon 202 and fixes; Water in reservoir chamber 2 is flowed out from outlet pipe 4, by being uniformly distributed for water distributor 6, is flowed into branching pipe 7, then from dropper 8 It oozes, realizes the pouring of the plant of the plantation to roof.
The above, the only preferred embodiment of the utility model, are not intended to limit the utility model, the utility model Scope of patent protection be subject to claims, it is equivalent made by every specification and accompanying drawing content with the utility model Structure change similarly should be included in the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of roof greening system with rain collector, including roof enclosure wall (21) and fenced up by roof enclosure wall (21) Roof ground (20), it is characterised in that:The growing area of partition type, the growing area packet are provided on the roof ground (20) The first growing area (24) and the second growing area (25) are included, is provided between first growing area (24) and the second growing area (25) It is respectively arranged with rainwater collection pool (23), the rainwater collection by passageway (26), the first growing area (24) and the second growing area (25) Ji Chi (23) lower sides are provided with outlet pipe (4), valve (5) are provided on the outlet pipe (4), and outlet pipe (4) connects Be useful for the drip irrigation system to water to growing area, be provided between rainwater collection pool (23) wind and optical energy integrated power generation system and Work station (28), first growing area (24) and the second growing area (25) are evenly arranged with several humidity sensors respectively (29), the humidity sensor (29) and valve (5) are electrically connected with work station (28).
2. a kind of roof greening system with rain collector according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The plantation It is provided with soft protecting net (22) on the roof enclosure wall (21) in area.
3. a kind of roof greening system with rain collector according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The plantation Area includes vegetation (201), soil horizon (202), waterproof layer (203) successively from top to bottom.
4. a kind of roof greening system with rain collector according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The soil Layer (202) bottom is evenly arranged with several gutters (30), is the lid with several leakage holes at the top of the gutter (30) (32), and the one end of gutter (30) enclosure wall (21) that sticks up on the roof is connected with a drainpipe (31).
CN201820233251.8U 2018-02-09 2018-02-09 A kind of roof greening system with rain collector Active CN207959737U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109601195A (en) * 2018-12-05 2019-04-12 湖南景怡生态科技股份有限公司 A kind of interior planting lawn room
CN110185212A (en) * 2019-06-28 2019-08-30 天台云层自动化科技有限公司 A kind of building ceiling rainwater guidance collection device
CN111631120A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-09-08 广东中都建筑集团有限公司 Municipal garden water storage and irrigation method and device
CN111719777A (en) * 2020-03-21 2020-09-29 东莞市大乘建筑工程技术有限公司 Waterproof reinforcing device for building roof and construction method
CN113940258A (en) * 2021-11-17 2022-01-18 东南大学 Irrigation drainage guide system using rainwater on building roof and adjusting device for pipe connection

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109601195A (en) * 2018-12-05 2019-04-12 湖南景怡生态科技股份有限公司 A kind of interior planting lawn room
CN110185212A (en) * 2019-06-28 2019-08-30 天台云层自动化科技有限公司 A kind of building ceiling rainwater guidance collection device
CN111719777A (en) * 2020-03-21 2020-09-29 东莞市大乘建筑工程技术有限公司 Waterproof reinforcing device for building roof and construction method
CN111631120A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-09-08 广东中都建筑集团有限公司 Municipal garden water storage and irrigation method and device
CN111631120B (en) * 2020-06-08 2021-10-15 广东中都建筑集团有限公司 Municipal garden water storage and irrigation method and device
CN113940258A (en) * 2021-11-17 2022-01-18 东南大学 Irrigation drainage guide system using rainwater on building roof and adjusting device for pipe connection

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