CN109267772A - A kind of Ecological Landscape gallery and its workflow of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse - Google Patents

A kind of Ecological Landscape gallery and its workflow of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109267772A
CN109267772A CN201811442446.4A CN201811442446A CN109267772A CN 109267772 A CN109267772 A CN 109267772A CN 201811442446 A CN201811442446 A CN 201811442446A CN 109267772 A CN109267772 A CN 109267772A
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China
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gallery
pipe
rain
water
reservoir
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CN201811442446.4A
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CN109267772B (en
Inventor
徐波
李金宝
唐双成
夏辉
刘媛
刘毅
张从从
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Yangzhou University
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Yangzhou University
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H1/00Buildings or groups of buildings for dwelling or office purposes; General layout, e.g. modular co-ordination or staggered storeys
    • E04H1/12Small buildings or other erections for limited occupation, erected in the open air or arranged in buildings, e.g. kiosks, waiting shelters for bus stops or for filling stations, roofs for railway platforms, watchmen's huts or dressing cubicles
    • E04H1/1205Small buildings erected in the open air
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/167Control by humidity of the soil itself or of devices simulating soil or of the atmosphere; Soil humidity sensors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/022Pots for vertical horticulture
    • A01G9/023Multi-tiered planters
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B1/00Methods or layout of installations for water supply
    • E03B1/04Methods or layout of installations for water supply for domestic or like local supply
    • E03B1/041Greywater supply systems
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers
    • G05B19/05Programmable logic controllers, e.g. simulating logic interconnections of signals according to ladder diagrams or function charts
    • G05B19/054Input/output
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B1/00Methods or layout of installations for water supply
    • E03B1/04Methods or layout of installations for water supply for domestic or like local supply
    • E03B1/041Greywater supply systems
    • E03B2001/047Greywater supply systems using rainwater
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/60Ecological corridors or buffer zones

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Hydrology & Water Resources (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Automation & Control Theory (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Sewage (AREA)
  • Cultivation Receptacles Or Flower-Pots, Or Pots For Seedlings (AREA)

Abstract

A kind of Ecological Landscape gallery and its workflow of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse, including gallery, multiple assembled vegetation box, plumbing installation, collecting gutter, reservoir, overflow ditch, water pump, Raindrop sensor, PLC controller;Assembled gallery includes: column, attachment beam, crossbeam, seat and rain insensitive device;Rain insensitive device includes: rain-proof blade, connecting rod, traction rope, first motor, the second motor;The assembled vegetation box is arranged in assembled gallery two sides and top;The plumbing installation include: collection branch pipe, catchment be in charge of, water header, irrigation pipe, irrigation are in charge of, Multifunctional water pipe, aqueduct, fountain water pipe.It is single that the present invention improves common Landscape Corridor landscape effect, the shortcomings that lacking space multistory sense, by rainwater biofiltration function in conjunction with the landscape effect of gallery, common gallery is transform as to diversification and three-dimensional device with ecological functions, it not only stores rainwater, irrigate plant, form the dynamic water scenery of compacted spatial.

Description

A kind of Ecological Landscape gallery and its workflow of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse
Technical field
The present invention relates to the Ecological Landscape galleries and its work of Landscape Corridor more particularly to a kind of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse Process.
Background technique
Gallery can be all set in the public domains such as many cells, square and park, gallery periphery and its top can plant respectively Class flowers and plants carry out greening surrounding enviroment.Gallery is usually that two rows of abutment wall pedestals and the beam at the top of pedestal are constituted.The frame of gallery Frame structure selection has armored concrete, timber, steel construction etc..Gallery periphery plant needs periodic maintenance, and plant maintenance is only few Amount is irrigated by natural rain, remaining major part relies on manual watering.
Currently, the landscape effect of most of gallery is single, lack space multistory sense.If two sides and top cloth in gallery Assembled vegetation box is set, all kinds of flowers and plants are planted in vegetation box, this will significantly improve the landscape effect of gallery.In recent years, " sponge The concept in city " becomes more and more popular, and the collection and recycling for rainwater increasingly obtain the attention of people.Due to gallery Landscape maintenance after building up needs to expend a large amount of manpower and water resource.If can be in Corridor landscape covering and neighboring area Rainwater, which adds, to be retained, and by means of PLC control system, when Corridor landscape needs to irrigate, realizes intelligence using the rainwater retained Change and irrigates.This will considerably reduce the work of subsequent maintenance, can play good economic benefit.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome technical background shortcoming, a kind of ecological landscape of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse is provided See gallery and its workflow.
For realize foregoing invention purpose, The technical solution adopted by the invention is as follows:
A kind of Ecological Landscape gallery of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse, characterized in that including gallery, multiple assembled vegetation box, pipe Road device, reservoir, water pump, Raindrop sensor, PLC controller;The gallery include two rows of columns, attachment beam, several crossbeams, Rain insensitive device;The rain insensitive device includes several rain-proof blades, first motor, the second motor;The plumbing installation includes catchmenting Pipe, irrigation pipe, Multifunctional water pipe, antipriming pipe;
It is connected at the top of every row's column by attachment beam, several crossbeams is set between two rows of columns, there are space between adjacent beams, The both ends of every crossbeam are connected with the attachment beam of corresponding position respectively, and the rain-proof blade is placed in below the crossbeam, rain-proof blade Both ends are slidably connected with the attachment beam of corresponding position respectively, are connected between adjacent rain-proof blade by connecting rod, and outermost two A rain-proof blade is connected separately with traction rope, the traction rope of two sides be wound in respectively first motor, the second motor output shaft on, The attachment beam is equipped with the limit switch of control rain-proof blade shift position, the first motor, the second motor, limit switch It is connected respectively with PLC controller;
The cross rail top setting assembled vegetation box (high-strength armoured-glass is equipped between crossbeam and assembled vegetation box), corridor It is also provided with several layers assembled vegetation box on the column of road two sides, antipriming pipe, gallery two are respectively provided in each assembled vegetation box The antipriming pipe of side assembled vegetation box is connected with collector pipe respectively, at the top of gallery the antipriming pipe of assembled vegetation box respectively with more function Energy water pipe is connected, and the Multifunctional water pipe, collector pipe are separately connected reservoir;The side of the gallery two sides assembled vegetation box Irrigation pipe is set, and irrigation pipe one end is connected by water pump with reservoir, and spray head is arranged in the other end;Assembled is planted at the top of the gallery The side of object case is also provided with irrigation pipe, and one end of irrigation pipe is connected with Multifunctional water pipe, and the other end is again provided with spray head;The dress With humidity sensor is equipped in formula vegetation box, the Raindrop sensor is placed at the top of gallery, the humidity sensor, raindrop sensing Device, water pump are connected with PLC controller.
Further, the antipriming pipe of assembled vegetation box passes through the first control valve and Multifunctional water pipe phase at the top of the gallery Even, lead to reservoir for Multifunctional water pipe one end, the other end by the second control valve connect water pump, water pump connect reservoir, first Control valve, the second control valve are connected with PLC controller respectively.
Further, water level sensor is equipped in the reservoir, which is connected with PLC controller.
Further, the gallery is surrounded by collecting gutter, and collecting gutter is connected to by Rose Box with reservoir, the water storage Pond is connected to by overflow ditch with Urban Rainwater Pipe Networks.The Rose Box along the direction that meets water successively lay in layer of sand, geotextile layer, gravel Rock layers lay overflow weir on the overflow ditch.
Further, cover board is equipped at the top of the reservoir, cover plate central is equipped with fountain water pipe, fountain water tube top portion Equipped with spray head, the cover board is equipped with several circular holes being connected to reservoir.
Further, the collector pipe include collection branch pipe, catchment be in charge of, water header, each column be equipped with one collection Water branch pipe, every row's column, which is equipped with one and catchments, to be in charge of, and the antipriming pipe of the assembled vegetation box on same column passes through respectively to catchment Branch pipe with it is corresponding catchment be in charge of it is connected, it is described catchment to be in charge of be separately connected water header, the water header connects reservoir;
The irrigation pipe includes irrigation pipe, irrigates and be in charge of, and the back side of the gallery two sides assembled vegetation box is provided with irrigation It is in charge of, the irrigation is in charge of one end connection and irrigates general pipeline, and spray head is arranged in the other end;The back of assembled vegetation box at the top of the gallery Side setting, which is irrigated, to be in charge of, and the irrigation at this is in charge of to be connected with Multifunctional water pipe.
Further, the section of the rain-proof blade is arc-shaped, and crossbeam bottom is the circle with rain-proof blade identical radian measure Arcuate structure;The rain-proof both ends of the blade opens up fluted, is disposed with sliding rail on the upside of the attachment beam, and groove agrees with sliding rail, Rain-proof blade can be slided along sliding rail, and attachment beam sliding rail both ends are respectively arranged limit switch.
Further, the assembled vegetation box is the rectangular box structure of open top, and the box house is from bottom to up Successively five layers of laying: gravel layer, geotextile layer, middle layer of sand, soil horizon, pebble layer;The humidity sensor is arranged in soil It is arranged in layer, antipriming pipe is laid in gravel layer, and plant root is planted in soil horizon.
Further, the circular hole is using fountain water pipe as two circle of center of circle arrangement, two circle interlaced arrangements inside and outside circular hole, in circular hole Inside it is disposed with filtration pack.
Further, the assembled vegetation box of the gallery two sides is in three layer arrangement of upper, middle and lower, three layers of assembled plant Case is in staggered distribution in step-like.
Further, the assembled vegetation box of the gallery two sides is also laid with placement platform, and the placement platform includes: First layer platform, second layer platform;The first layer platform, second layer platform are connected with corresponding column respectively;The One layer of platform places upper layer assembled vegetation box, and second layer platform places middle layer assembled vegetation box, lower layer's assembled vegetation box It is placed directly in ground.
Further, the irrigation, which is in charge of, is arranged in the upper layer assembled vegetation box back side, and irrigation is in charge of one end and is connected to filling General pipeline is irrigate, the other end upwardly extends, and installs spray head.The irrigation general pipeline connection water pump, water pump other end connection aqueduct lead to Columns base.
Further, the assembled vegetation box at the top of the gallery is arranged symmetrically about Multifunctional water pipe, at the top of gallery Assembled vegetation box is consistent with the assembled vegetation box position of gallery two sides in the vertical direction.Assembled at the top of gallery Vegetation box is connected by the antipriming pipe in gravel layer with Multifunctional water pipe, and reservoir is led in described Multifunctional water pipe one end, another End sets the second control valve connection water pump, and water pump other end connection aqueduct leads to columns base.The Multifunctional water pipe is upward Connection, which is irrigated, to be in charge of, and irrigation is in charge of top and installs spray head.
Further, the section of the collecting gutter is trapezoidal faces, and collecting gutter cope level is lower than periphery soil surface elevation, just It is imported in collecting gutter in periphery rainwater.
Further, the width of the crossbeam is equal with the width of rain-proof blade, the spacing distance between crossbeam and rain-proof leaf The width of piece is equal.
Further, the PLC controller includes: central processing unit CPU, signal input port, signal output port. The signal input port connection water level sensor, limit switch, humidity sensor and Raindrop sensor;The signal output end The first control valve of mouth connection, the second control valve, water pump, first motor and the second motor.
Further, rain-proof blade is located at below the crossbeam in fine day, guarantees daylighting and ventilation at the top of gallery;Rainy days When, the position (i.e. position between two crossbeams) that rain-proof blade is moved between two high-strength armoured-glass is kept off the rain, and rainwater is through anti- Rain blade upper surface is fallen from both sides respectively, is then flowed into collecting gutter.
A kind of workflow of the Ecological Landscape gallery of above-mentioned intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse is as follows:
1) when rainfall, Raindrop sensor monitors rainfall, and PLC controller issues instruction, and first motor is powered on, which leads Messenger starts take-up and is wound on the output shaft of first motor, and all rain-proof blades move integrally, and each rain-proof blade moves It moves to corresponding position of keeping off the rain, i.e., the position between corresponding two crossbeam, while the outermost rain-proof blade touching of the side is in place Limit switch in first motor side, PLC controller issue instruction, and first motor stops working;
2) when the rainy day clears up, Raindrop sensor does not monitor rainfall, and PLC controller issues instruction, and the work of the second electrical power should The traction rope of side starts take-up and is wound on the output shaft of the second motor, simultaneously wound in the traction on first motor output shaft Rope unwrapping wire, rain-proof blade reset, and are moved to corresponding below the crossbeam, while the outermost rain-proof blade touching of the side is located at second The limit switch of motor side, PLC controller issue instruction, and the second motor stops working;
3) when rainfall, Raindrop sensor monitors rainfall, and PLC controller issues instruction, and the first control valve is in the open state, the Two control valves are in close state, and rainwater, which is respectively fallen in, to be arranged at the top of gallery and in the assembled vegetation box of two sides, are arranged in Rainwater in the assembled vegetation box of gallery two sides passes through antipriming pipe, collection branch pipe, catchments and be in charge of, blend and collect under water header Flow into reservoir;The rainwater being arranged in the assembled vegetation box at the top of gallery by antipriming pipe, Multifunctional water pipe, under blend remittance Collection flows into reservoir;
The rainwater that gallery periphery earth's surface imports collecting gutter flows into reservoir after Rose Box filters;When the rainwater mistake in reservoir When more, Urban Rainwater Pipe Networks are discharged into through overflow ditch;
4) when the humidity sensor in any assembled vegetation box monitors that the soil horizon water content in assembled vegetation box is lower When, PLC controller issues instruction, starts water pump, closes the first control valve, opens the second control valve, and water pump is from reservoir at this time Middle extraction rainwater passes through irrigation pipe respectively, irrigates and be in charge of to the spray head of gallery two sides, or extracts rainwater and pass through multifunctional water Pipe is delivered to the spray head irrigated and be in charge of at the top of gallery, realizes and irrigates;
It is rectangular at beautiful fountain dynamic water scenery on the cover board while irrigating, the fountain water on cover board is fallen into through in circular hole It is fallen back in reservoir after filtration pack filtering;
When the humidity sensor in assembled vegetation box monitors that the soil horizon water content in assembled vegetation box all reaches reasonable When value, PLC controller issues instruction, and the stopping that switching off the pump is irrigated, and the first control valve is opened, and closes the second control valve;It is so past It is multiple, it is intelligent to realize that Corridor landscape is irrigated using rainwater;
5) at water pump at work when, water level sensor monitors that amount of rainfall is lower in reservoir, by PLC controller sending refer to It enables, switches off the pump.(water level sensor monitors that amount of rainfall is lower in reservoir, meanwhile, humidity sensor monitors that assembled is planted Soil horizon water content in object case is lower, and PLC controller preferentially executes the instruction that switches off the pump, to play the role of protecting water pump.)
The invention has the following advantages that
1, the shortcomings that common Landscape Corridor landscape effect of present invention improvement is single, lacks space multistory sense, by rainwater biofiltration Function transform diversification and three-dimensional device with ecological functions as in conjunction with the landscape effect of gallery, by common gallery, no But it stores rainwater, irrigate plant, and form the dynamic water scenery of compacted spatial;
2, rainwater-collecting and storage can be alleviated to a certain degree the pressure of Pluvial urban flood defence by the present invention;
3, the present invention is realized using the rainwater collected to the intelligent irrigation of landscape plant, has been saved water resource, has been reduced the later period pair The investment of plant maintenance.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of side view of the Ecological Landscape gallery of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse;
Fig. 2 is a kind of front view of the Ecological Landscape gallery of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse;
Fig. 3 is a kind of location arrangements signal of the top assembled vegetation box of the Ecological Landscape gallery of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse Figure;
Fig. 4 is a kind of top duct arrangement schematic diagram of the Ecological Landscape gallery of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse;
When Fig. 5 is that a kind of Ecological Landscape gallery of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse catchments, the pipeline of gallery two sides assembled vegetation box Arrangement schematic diagram;
When Fig. 6 is that a kind of Ecological Landscape gallery of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse is irrigated, the pipeline of gallery two sides assembled vegetation box Arrangement schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 is a kind of two sides assembled vegetation box pipe arrangement illustration of the Ecological Landscape gallery of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse;
Fig. 8 is assembled vegetation box detail structure figure;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of rain-proof blade;
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of crossbeam;
Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram of attachment beam;
Figure 12 is rain insensitive device structural schematic diagram;
Figure 13 is Rose Box cross-sectional view;
Figure 14 is reservoir cover board circular hole arrangement schematic diagram;
Figure 15 is cross-sectional view of the reservoir along overflow ditch direction;
Figure 16 is the arrangement schematic diagram of water pump;
Position view when Figure 17 is rain-proof vane rain-retaining;
Position view when Figure 18 is rain-proof blade fine day;
Figure 19 is the connection schematic diagram of first motor or the second motor and traction rope;
Figure 20 is PLC controller operation principle schematic diagram;
In figure: 1- column, 2- attachment beam, 3- crossbeam, 4- seat, 5- high-strength armoured-glass, 6- assembled vegetation box, 61- gravel Rock layers, 62- geotextile layer, layer of sand in 63-, 64- soil horizon, 65- pebble layer, 66- antipriming pipe, 7- flowers and plants, 8- reservoir, 81- water level sensor, 82- overflow ditch, 83- overflow weir, 84- cover board, 85- filtration pack, 86- fountain water pipe, 87- circular hole, 9- collection branch pipe, 10-, which catchments, to be in charge of, 11- water header, and 12- irrigation is in charge of, 13- irrigation pipe, 14- multi-functional tube, 15- spray Head, 16- humidity sensor, the first control valve of 17-, the second control valve of 18-, 19- water droplet, 201- first layer platform, 202- second Layer platform, 21- bolt, 22- rain-proof blade, 221- groove, 23- sliding rail, 24- Rose Box, 25- collecting gutter, 26- water pump, 27- are led Water pipe, 28- Raindrop sensor, 29- limit switch, 30- traction rope, 31- first motor, the second motor of 32-, 33- connecting rod, 34- output shaft.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawing, embodiment is described further embodiments of the present invention.
A kind of Ecological Landscape gallery of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse, including gallery, multiple assembled vegetation box 6, pipeline dress It sets, collecting gutter 25, reservoir 8, overflow ditch 82, water pump, Raindrop sensor, PLC controller;The gallery includes: column 1, connects Connect beam 2, crossbeam 3, high-strength armoured-glass 5, seat 4 and rain insensitive device;The rain insensitive device includes: rain-proof blade 22, connection Bar 33, traction rope 30, first motor 31, the second motor 32;The assembled vegetation box 6 is arranged in gallery two sides and top Portion;The plumbing installation includes: collection branch pipe 9, catchments and be in charge of 10, water header 11, irrigation pipe 13, irrigate and be in charge of 12, be more Function water pipe 14, aqueduct 27, fountain water pipe 86;The collecting gutter 25 is arranged in gallery surrounding, and collecting gutter 25 and reservoir 8 connect Logical, 8 other end of reservoir connects overflow ditch 82;The overflow ditch 82 connects Urban Rainwater Pipe Networks;The Raindrop sensor 28 are arranged at the top of assembled gallery.
Column 1, attachment beam 2, crossbeam 3, the seat 4 of assembled gallery select timber structure or steel construction or precast concrete knot The material of structure, is mounted directly convenient for scene.
The section of rain-proof blade 22 be it is arc-shaped, rain-proof blade 22 is arranged in the lower section of crossbeam 3, and 22 both ends of rain-proof blade are placed It is arc-shaped with 22 identical radian measure of rain-proof blade on attachment beam 2, on the downside of crossbeam 3.
22 both ends of rain-proof blade open up fluted 221, and sliding rail 23, groove 221 and 23 contract of sliding rail are disposed on the upside of attachment beam 2 It closes, rain-proof blade 22 can be slided along sliding rail 23.
It is connected between rain-proof blade 22 by connecting rod 22, two sides rain-proof blade 22 passes through traction rope 30 and the first electricity respectively Machine 31, the second motor 32 are connected, and 30 one end of traction rope is wound in first motor 31, on 32 output shaft 34 of the second motor respectively.
There also is provided limit switch 29 on the upside of attachment beam 2, limit switch 29 is connected into PLC controller signal input port, when Limit switch 29 is touched when rain-proof blade 22 slides, PLC controller issues instruction, and first motor 31 or the second motor 32 stop work Make.
Assembled vegetation box 6 is the rectangular box structure of open top, which is successively laid with five layers from bottom to up: Gravel layer 61, geotextile layer 62, middle layer of sand 63, soil horizon 64, pebble layer 65;Humidity sensor 16 is arranged in soil horizon 64, Humidity sensor 16 is connected into PLC controller signal input port, when humidity sensor 16 monitors that moisture content is inclined in soil horizon 64 When low, PLC controller issues instruction, and water pump 26 is started to work, when humidity sensor 16 monitors that moisture content is extensive in soil horizon 64 When multiple reasonable value, PLC controller issues instruction, and water pump 26 stops working;Antipriming pipe 66, plant root kind are laid in gravel layer 61 It plants in soil horizon 64.
The assembled vegetation box 6 of assembled gallery two sides is arranged in three layer arrangement of upper, middle and lower, three layers of assembled plant Case 6 is in staggered distribution in step-like.
The assembled vegetation box 6 for being arranged in assembled gallery two sides is also laid with placement platform, and placement platform includes: first Layer platform 201, second layer platform 202;First layer platform 201, second layer platform 202 are used with the column 1 of assembled gallery respectively Bolt 21 connects;First layer equals 201 placement upper layer assembled vegetation box 6, and 202 platform of the second layer places middle layer assembled plant Case 6, lower layer's assembled vegetation box 6 are placed directly in ground.
The assembled vegetation box 6 of assembled gallery two sides is arranged in by the antipriming pipe 66 in gravel layer 61 and branch of catchmenting Pipe 9 is connected, and collection branch pipe 9, which is all connected to catchment, is in charge of 10, and collection 10 pipe of moisture is all connected to water header 11, and water header 11 is logical To reservoir 8.
Irrigation is in charge of 12 and is arranged in 6 back side of upper layer assembled vegetation box, and irrigation is in charge of 12 one end and is connected to irrigation general pipeline 13, The other end upwardly extends, and installs spray head 15.
The connection of general pipeline 13 water pump 26 is irrigated, 26 other end of water pump connection aqueduct 27 leads to 8 bottom of reservoir, and water pump 26 connects Enter PLC controller signal output port.
It is arranged in the assembled vegetation box 6 at the top of assembled gallery to be arranged symmetrically about Multifunctional water pipe 14, assembled corridor Assembled vegetation box 6 position of the assembled vegetation box 6 in the vertical direction with gallery two sides at the top of road is consistent.
It is arranged in the assembled vegetation box 6 at the top of assembled gallery and passes through the antipriming pipe 66 and multifunctional water in gravel layer 61 Pipe 14 is connected, and antipriming pipe 66 and 14 junction of Multifunctional water pipe set the first control valve 17, and water storage is led in 14 one end of Multifunctional water pipe Pond 8, the other end set the second control valve 18 connection water pump, and the first control valve 17 and the second control valve 18 are connected into PLC controller signal Output port.
Multifunctional water pipe 14 connects up irrigation and is in charge of 12, and irrigation is in charge of 12 tops and installs spray head 15.
The section of collecting gutter 25 is trapezoidal faces, and 25 cope level of collecting gutter is lower than periphery soil surface elevation, is convenient for periphery rain Water imports in collecting gutter.
Water level sensor 81 is laid in reservoir 8, water level sensor 81 is connected into PLC controller signal input port, works as water When level sensor 81 monitors anhydrous in reservoir 8, PLC controller issues instruction, and water pump 26 stops, and prevents water pump 26 from dallying. Cover board 84 is installed, 84 upper center position of cover board is laid with fountain water pipe 86, installs at the top of fountain water pipe 86 at the top of reservoir 8 There is spray head 15.Circular hole 87 is provided on cover board 84, circular hole 87 is two circle of center of circle arrangement with fountain water pipe 86, and two circles are handed over inside and outside circular hole 87 Mistake arrangement, is disposed with filtration pack 85 in circular hole 87.
Between reservoir 8 and collecting gutter 25 lay Rose Box 24, Rose Box 24 along the direction that meets water successively lay in layer of sand 63, Geotextile layer 62, gravel layer 61.
Overflow weir 83 is laid on overflow ditch 82, when the water in reservoir 8 is on the high side, is overflowed automatically by overflow weir 83.
PLC controller includes: central processing unit CPU, signal input port, signal output port.Signal input port Connect water level sensor 81, limit switch 29, humidity sensor 16 and Raindrop sensor 28;Signal output port connection the One control valve 17, the second control valve 18, water pump 26, first motor 31 and the second motor 32.
Rain-proof blade 22 is opened in fine day, guarantees daylighting and ventilation at the top of gallery;When rainy days, rain-proof blade 22 is moved It moves to position of keeping off the rain, rainwater is fallen from both sides respectively behind 22 upper surface of rain-proof blade, is then flowed into collecting gutter 25.
Connection between all water pipes is all made of threaded connection, easy to disassemble, replacement.
The spray head 15 for being arranged in assembled gallery two sides selects unilateral mini sprinkler 15, the spray being arranged at the top of assembled gallery First 15 select 15 structure of bilateral mini sprinkler simple, cheap, easy for installation, using reliable.
The spray head 15 for being arranged in 84 top of cover board selects mushroom spray head, and mushroom spray head is hemispherical spray head, and water consumption is few, spray The underwater sound is smaller when water, and moisture film is uniform, has water scenery effect well.
A kind of Ecological Landscape gallery of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse, workflow are as follows:
1) when rainfall, Raindrop sensor monitors rainfall, and PLC controller issues instruction, and first motor 31 is powered on, the side Traction rope starts take-up and is wound on the output shaft of first motor, and all rain-proof blades 22 move integrally, each rain-proof leaf Piece is moved to corresponding position of keeping off the rain (position between i.e. corresponding two crossbeam), and right posterolateral rain-proof blade, which touches, to be located at The limit switch 29 of first motor side, PLC controller issue instruction, and first motor 31 stops working;
2) when the rainy day clears up, Raindrop sensor does not monitor rainfall, and PLC controller issues instruction, and the second motor 32 is powered on, The traction rope of the side starts take-up and is wound on the output shaft of the second motor, while the traction rope on first motor output shaft is put Line, rain-proof blade 22 reset, and are moved to corresponding 3 lower section of crossbeam, and the rain-proof blade touching in outside is located at the limit of the second motor side Bit switch 29, PLC controller issue instruction, and the second motor 32 stops working;
3) when rainfall, Raindrop sensor monitors rainfall, and PLC controller issues instruction, and the first control valve 17 is in the open state, Second control valve 18 is in close state, and rainwater, which is respectively fallen in, to be arranged at the top of gallery and in the assembled vegetation box 6 of two sides, cloth It sets to blend in the case where the rainwater in the assembled vegetation box 6 of gallery two sides passes through and collects (66 → collection branch pipe of antipriming pipe 9 → collection moisture 10 → water header of pipe, 11 → reservoir 8) flow into reservoir 8;The rainwater warp being arranged in the assembled vegetation box 6 at the top of gallery It crosses down to blend and collects (66 → Multifunctional water pipe of antipriming pipe, 14 → reservoir 8) inflow reservoir 8.
25 rainwater that periphery earth's surface imports collecting gutter flow into reservoir 8 after the filtering of Rose Box 24;When in reservoir 8 When excessive rainfall, Urban Rainwater Pipe Networks are discharged into through overflow ditch 82.
4) when the humidity sensor 16 in any assembled vegetation box 6 monitors the soil horizon 64 in assembled vegetation box 6 (it is lower than setting value) when water content is lower, PLC controller issues instruction, starts water pump, closes the first control valve 17, opens second Control valve 18, water pump extracts rainwater from reservoir 8 and passes through irrigation pipe 13 respectively, irrigates and be in charge of 12 to gallery two sides at this time Spray head, or extract rainwater and the spray head 15 at the top of gallery is delivered to by Multifunctional water pipe 14, it realizes and irrigates;
Beautiful fountain dynamic water scenery is formed above cover board 84 while irrigating, falls into the fountain water on cover board 84 through circular hole Filtration pack 85 in 87 is fallen back in reservoir 8 after filtering;
When the humidity sensor 16 in assembled vegetation box 6 monitors that 64 water content of soil horizon in assembled vegetation box 6 all reaches When to reasonable value, PLC controller issues instruction, and 26 stoppings that switching off the pump are irrigated, and the first control valve 17 is opened, and closes the second control Valve 18.And so on, realize that Corridor landscape irrigates intelligence using rainwater.
5) at water pump 26 at work when, water level sensor 81 monitors that amount of rainfall is lower in reservoir 8, is controlled by PLC Device processed issues instruction, switches off the pump 26.(water level sensor 81 monitors that amount of rainfall is lower in reservoir 8, meanwhile, humidity sensor Device 16 monitors that 64 water content of soil horizon in assembled vegetation box 6 is lower, and PLC controller preferentially executes 26 fingers that switch off the pump It enables, to play the role of protecting water pump 26.).

Claims (9)

1. a kind of Ecological Landscape gallery of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse, characterized in that including gallery, multiple assembled vegetation box (6), plumbing installation, reservoir (8), water pump (26), Raindrop sensor (28), PLC controller;The gallery includes two rows of columns (1), attachment beam (2), several crossbeams (3), rain insensitive device;The rain insensitive device includes several rain-proof blades (22), first motor (31), the second motor (32);The plumbing installation includes collector pipe, irrigation pipe, Multifunctional water pipe (14), antipriming pipe (66);
It is connected at the top of every row's column by attachment beam, several crossbeams is set between two rows of columns, there are space between adjacent beams, The both ends of every crossbeam are connected with the attachment beam of corresponding position respectively, and the rain-proof blade is placed in below the crossbeam, rain-proof blade Both ends are slidably connected with the attachment beam of corresponding position respectively, are connected between adjacent rain-proof blade by connecting rod (33), outermost Two rain-proof blades be connected separately with traction rope (30), the traction rope of two sides is wound in first motor, the second motor respectively On output shaft, the attachment beam is equipped with the limit switch (29) of control rain-proof blade shift position, the first motor, second Motor, limit switch are connected with PLC controller respectively;
Assembled vegetation box is arranged in the cross rail top, is also provided with several layers assembled vegetation box on the column of gallery two sides, often Antipriming pipe is respectively provided in a assembled vegetation box, the antipriming pipe of gallery two sides assembled vegetation box is connected with collector pipe respectively, corridor The antipriming pipe of assembled vegetation box is connected with Multifunctional water pipe respectively at the top of road, and the Multifunctional water pipe, collector pipe are separately connected Reservoir;Irrigation pipe is arranged in the side of the gallery two sides assembled vegetation box, and irrigation pipe one end passes through water pump and reservoir phase Even, spray head is arranged in the other end;The side of assembled vegetation box is also provided with irrigation pipe at the top of the gallery, one end of irrigation pipe and more Function water pipe is connected, and the other end is again provided with spray head;Humidity sensor (16) are equipped in the assembled vegetation box, the raindrop Sensor is placed at the top of gallery, and the humidity sensor, Raindrop sensor, water pump are connected with PLC controller.
2. a kind of Ecological Landscape gallery of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse according to claim 1, characterized in that the gallery The antipriming pipe of top assembled vegetation box is connected by the first control valve (17) with Multifunctional water pipe, and Multifunctional water pipe one end is led to Reservoir, the other end connect water pump by the second control valve (18), and water pump connects reservoir, the first control valve, the second control valve It is connected respectively with PLC controller.
3. a kind of Ecological Landscape gallery of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse according to claim 1, characterized in that the water storage Water level sensor (81) are equipped in pond, which is connected with PLC controller.
4. a kind of Ecological Landscape gallery of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse according to claim 1, characterized in that the gallery It is surrounded by collecting gutter (25), collecting gutter is connected to by Rose Box (24) with reservoir, and the reservoir passes through overflow ditch (82) It is connected to Urban Rainwater Pipe Networks.
5. a kind of Ecological Landscape gallery of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse according to claim 1, characterized in that the water storage Cover board (84) are equipped at the top of pond, cover plate central is equipped with fountain water pipe (86), and fountain water tube top portion is equipped with spray head, the cover board It is equipped with several circular holes (87) being connected to reservoir.
6. a kind of Ecological Landscape gallery of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse according to claim 1, characterized in that described to catchment Pipe includes collection branch pipe (9), catchments and be in charge of (10), water header (11), and each column is equipped with a collection branch pipe, every row's column It is equipped with one and catchments and be in charge of, the antipriming pipe of the assembled vegetation box on same column passes through collection branch pipe respectively and catchments with corresponding Be in charge of it is connected, it is described catchment to be in charge of be separately connected water header, the water header connects reservoir;
The irrigation pipe includes irrigation pipe (13), irrigates and be in charge of (12), and the back side of the gallery two sides assembled vegetation box is set It is equipped with irrigation to be in charge of, the irrigation is in charge of one end connection and irrigates general pipeline, and spray head is arranged in the other end;Assembled is planted at the top of the gallery The back side setting of object case, which is irrigated, to be in charge of, and the irrigation at this is in charge of to be connected with Multifunctional water pipe.
7. a kind of Ecological Landscape gallery of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse according to claim 1, characterized in that the rain-proof The section of blade be it is arc-shaped, crossbeam bottom is arc-shaped structure with rain-proof blade identical radian measure;The rain-proof both ends of the blade It opens up fluted (221), is disposed with sliding rail (23) on the upside of the attachment beam, groove agrees with sliding rail, and rain-proof blade can be along sliding rail It slides, attachment beam sliding rail both ends are respectively arranged limit switch.
8. a kind of Ecological Landscape gallery of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse according to claim 5, characterized in that the circular hole Using fountain water pipe as two circle of center of circle arrangement, two circle interlaced arrangements inside and outside circular hole are disposed with filtration pack (85) in circular hole.
9. a kind of workflow of the Ecological Landscape gallery of intelligent three-dimensional rainwater reuse described in -8 is as follows according to claim 1:
1) when rainfall, Raindrop sensor monitors rainfall, and PLC controller issues instruction, and first motor is powered on, which leads Messenger starts take-up and is wound on the output shaft of first motor, and all rain-proof blades move integrally, and each rain-proof blade moves It moves to corresponding position of keeping off the rain, i.e., the position between corresponding two crossbeam, while the outermost rain-proof blade touching of the side is in place Limit switch in first motor side, PLC controller issue instruction, and first motor stops working;
2) when the rainy day clears up, Raindrop sensor does not monitor rainfall, and PLC controller issues instruction, and the work of the second electrical power should The traction rope of side starts take-up and is wound on the output shaft of the second motor, simultaneously wound in the traction on first motor output shaft Rope unwrapping wire, rain-proof blade reset, and are moved to corresponding below the crossbeam, while the outermost rain-proof blade touching of the side is located at second The limit switch of motor side, PLC controller issue instruction, and the second motor stops working;
3) when rainfall, Raindrop sensor monitors rainfall, and PLC controller issues instruction, and the first control valve is in the open state, the Two control valves are in close state, and rainwater, which is respectively fallen in, to be arranged at the top of gallery and in the assembled vegetation box of two sides, are arranged in Rainwater in the assembled vegetation box of gallery two sides passes through antipriming pipe, collection branch pipe, catchments and be in charge of, blend and collect under water header Flow into reservoir;The rainwater being arranged in the assembled vegetation box at the top of gallery by antipriming pipe, Multifunctional water pipe, under blend remittance Collection flows into reservoir;
The rainwater that gallery periphery earth's surface imports collecting gutter flows into reservoir after Rose Box filters;When the rainwater mistake in reservoir When more, Urban Rainwater Pipe Networks are discharged into through overflow ditch;
4) when the humidity sensor in any assembled vegetation box monitors that the soil horizon water content in assembled vegetation box is lower When, PLC controller issues instruction, starts water pump, closes the first control valve, opens the second control valve, and water pump is from reservoir at this time Middle extraction rainwater passes through irrigation pipe respectively, irrigates and be in charge of to the spray head of gallery two sides, or extracts rainwater and pass through multifunctional water Pipe is delivered to the spray head irrigated and be in charge of at the top of gallery, realizes and irrigates;
It is rectangular at beautiful fountain dynamic water scenery on the cover board while irrigating, the fountain water on cover board is fallen into through in circular hole It is fallen back in reservoir after filtration pack filtering;
When the humidity sensor in assembled vegetation box monitors that the soil horizon water content in assembled vegetation box all reaches reasonable When value, PLC controller issues instruction, and the stopping that switching off the pump is irrigated, and the first control valve is opened, and closes the second control valve;It is so past It is multiple, it is intelligent to realize that Corridor landscape is irrigated using rainwater;
5) at water pump at work when, water level sensor monitors that amount of rainfall is lower in reservoir, by PLC controller sending refer to It enables, switches off the pump.
CN201811442446.4A 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 Ecological landscape corridor for intelligent three-dimensional rainwater recycling and workflow thereof Active CN109267772B (en)

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Cited By (5)

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CN111485736A (en) * 2020-05-18 2020-08-04 扬州大学 Intelligent rainproof landscape corridor and operation method thereof
CN111535619A (en) * 2020-05-11 2020-08-14 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Ecological landscape corridor for intelligent three-dimensional rainwater recycling
CN111636552A (en) * 2019-08-30 2020-09-08 冯嘉敏 Ecological landscape corridor for intelligent three-dimensional rainwater recycling and working process thereof
CN111887060A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-11-06 吴川 Ecological corridor vegetation wall is with high temperature from irrigation system
CN113863730A (en) * 2021-11-07 2021-12-31 戴婷婷 Sponge city construction is with assembled ecological landscape corridor that has rainwater to retrieve

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CN206873991U (en) * 2017-04-21 2018-01-12 昆明理工大学 A kind of ecological multifunction landscape corridor
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KR20110102783A (en) * 2010-03-11 2011-09-19 (주)나우조경 Natural circulation landscape architecture system
CN106639180A (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-05-10 浙江水利水电学院 Rainwater collecting system for roof garden and construction method
CN206873991U (en) * 2017-04-21 2018-01-12 昆明理工大学 A kind of ecological multifunction landscape corridor
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Cited By (6)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111636552A (en) * 2019-08-30 2020-09-08 冯嘉敏 Ecological landscape corridor for intelligent three-dimensional rainwater recycling and working process thereof
CN111636552B (en) * 2019-08-30 2021-07-13 湖州博星科技有限公司 Ecological landscape corridor for intelligent three-dimensional rainwater recycling and working process thereof
CN111535619A (en) * 2020-05-11 2020-08-14 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Ecological landscape corridor for intelligent three-dimensional rainwater recycling
CN111485736A (en) * 2020-05-18 2020-08-04 扬州大学 Intelligent rainproof landscape corridor and operation method thereof
CN111887060A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-11-06 吴川 Ecological corridor vegetation wall is with high temperature from irrigation system
CN113863730A (en) * 2021-11-07 2021-12-31 戴婷婷 Sponge city construction is with assembled ecological landscape corridor that has rainwater to retrieve

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