CN206559862U - A kind of automation light roof greening system utilized circulation more - Google Patents

A kind of automation light roof greening system utilized circulation more Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206559862U
CN206559862U CN201720160983.4U CN201720160983U CN206559862U CN 206559862 U CN206559862 U CN 206559862U CN 201720160983 U CN201720160983 U CN 201720160983U CN 206559862 U CN206559862 U CN 206559862U
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China
Prior art keywords
roof greening
greening system
waterproof layer
system utilized
rainwater
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CN201720160983.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张�杰
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Henan Institute of Engineering
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Henan Institute of Engineering
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

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  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)
  • Cultivation Receptacles Or Flower-Pots, Or Pots For Seedlings (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model belongs to roof greening field, a kind of automation light roof greening system utilized circulation more, the structure being combined using multiple waterproof layers and trapezoidal light hydraulic support, the isosceles section of trapezoidal fagging is provided with multiple independent growing areas being distributed in staged, plus double filtration design, and provided with the rainwater collection header for collecting rainwater and the transfer water tank of collection discharge water, not only accomplish good waterproof and reduced to bear a heavy burden, many drainings using collection and rainwater can also be circulated, and outside correspondence is connected with controller, it can be supplied water according to vegetation demand and retaining, more they tend to automation, save substantial amounts of manpower and materials cost;Plant is distributed into staged, then coordinates the diversion frame of unique texture is multi-faceted to pour, can preferably daylighting and growth management, in the life-span on extension roof, simple and convenient, waterproof and utilizing status are good, and practicality is stronger.

Description

A kind of automation light roof greening system utilized circulation more
Technical field
The utility model belongs to roof greening field, and in particular to the automation light roof greening utilized a kind of circulation more System.
Background technology
With the development of science and technology, roof greening arises at the historic moment, afforested and beautified with the roof space, can not only increase green Change space, can also improve the ecological environment, beautifying city landscape;Improve city high rise building mansion to stand in great numbers, improve excessively felling nature Forest, urban heat land effect formed by various exhaust emissions, the harm to the mankind such as sandstorm;Mankind's green space is opened up, Garden city is built, improves the living conditions of the people, improves the quality of living, this is to beautifying urban environment and improves ecological effect There is extremely important meaning.
At present, existing roof greening system still suffers from some shortcomings:
First, waterproof construction not enough optimizes, cause the easy leak in roof, short life;
Second, a large amount of ponding are easily deposited during rainy season, heavy damage vegetation growth and roof waterproof structure;
Third, can not well not recycled according to vegetation demand draining, rainwater and draining;
Fourth, structure not enough simplifies and light-duty, roof heavy burden is added;
Fifth, not enough automation, wastes substantial amounts of manpower and materials.
Therefore in roof greening field, the deficiency of present situation and roof afforestation structure for current shortage of water resources is badly in need of Designing the automation light roof greening system utilized a kind of circulation more.
Utility model content
In order to solve above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, the purpose of this utility model be to provide utilizing a kind of circulation more from Dynamicization light roof greening system, the structure being combined using multiple waterproof layers and trapezoidal light hydraulic support has not only been accomplished very well Waterproof and reducing bear a heavy burden, moreover it is possible to circulation is more using the drainings collected and rainwater, and can be carried out supplying water according to vegetation demand and Retaining, more they tends to automation, saves substantial amounts of manpower and materials and cost, and plant is distributed into staged, can preferably daylighting with Growth management, extends the life-span on roof, simple and convenient, waterproof and utilizing status are good, and practicality is stronger.
To achieve the above object, the technical scheme that the utility model is used is:The automation utilized a kind of circulation light more Type roof greening system, it is characterised in that:Correspondence is connected with controller outside the roof greening system, the roof greening system bag Include the waterproof layer and the trapezoidal light hydraulic support for being arranged on waterproof layer upper surface, the upper surface of waterproof layer positioned at roof upper surface The rainwater collection header for collecting rainwater and the storage tank for storing a large amount of recycle-waters are installed with, rainwater collection header passes through water storage Pipe is connected and is correspondingly provided with flow control valve on storage tank, standpipe, and flow control valve is connected with the controller;
Described light hydraulic support is erect the vertical support being fixed on waterproof layer and is fixed on vertical support including multiple The trapezoidal fagging in isosceles trapezoid of side, the upper surface of trapezoidal fagging is provided with waterproof layer and is arranged on the use of waterproof layer upper surface In draining and the stopping area for preventing root system of plant from puncturing;
The trapezoidal fagging is made up of horizontal segment with the isosceles section for being fixed in horizontal segment two ends, is provided with the isosceles section It is provided with multiple independent growing areas being distributed in staged, described growing area and is connected to detect planting soil with controller The soil humidity sensor of moisture, each layer of growing area is provided with gravel packing, the isosceles section and the connection of horizontal segment The discharge outlet at place is provided with gravel packing and drain bar, and being provided with drain bar is used for the osculum by current, drain bar one Side is provided with the transfer water tank positioned at the filter at horizontal segment two ends and in the middle part of horizontal segment;
The transfer water tank is provided with flow control valve by the storage tank immediately below the connection of transfer water pipe, transfer water pipe, The inside of storage tank is provided with the liquid level sensor that sensed water level is connected to controller, described transfer water tank and storage tank Inside it is equipped with the suction pump for being supplied water into diversion frame;
The inside that the center of the transfer water tank is installed with connection bottom suction pump vertically is in hollow diversion frame, diversion Frame is provided with flow control valve, the inwall of diversion frame and is equipped with multiple projections that its diameter increases successively from the bottom to top, diversion On frame the opening for water spray is offered in the position of alignment bumps.
Further, the rainwater collection header is installed in the upper surface of waterproof layer, and rainwater collection header is converged by collecting Collect the rainwater at four, roof angle.
Further, the growing area waits the isosceles section that scalariform is distributed in trapezoidal fagging in symmetrical.
Further, the isosceles section is symmetrical, and is correspondingly fixed in horizontal segment.
Further, the filter is connected by water service pipe with transfer water tank.
Further, described filter is detachably fixed connection.
Further, the control of described soil humidity sensor, liquid level sensor and flow control valve respectively with outside Device is electrically connected.
Further, the storage tank is located in the cavity that the vertical support between waterproof layer and trapezoidal fagging is divided into.
Further, described open communication has the sprinkler head of each growing area water spray in corresponding isosceles section, described The outside of sprinkler head is provided with the protective cover for being used for regular current and preventing current from losing.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1st, multiple waterproof layers and trapezoidal light hydraulic support are combined.The utility model uses the waterproof layer conduct of roof upper surface First isolation, sets the trapezoidal light hydraulic support of unique texture, the simple work for firmly playing second layer isolation on waterproof layer With, waterproof layer is laid on light hydraulic support again, stopping area is added, well isolates growing area with structure, as third layer every From the system so isolated layer by layer preferably realizes waterproof effect, also reduces roof heavy burden, realizes that preferably insulation is made With, it is simple and convenient, extend roof life.
2nd, in the trapezoidal fagging of isosceles trapezoid.Transfer water tank and filtering are placed in the horizontal segment of the trapezoidal fagging of isosceles trapezoid Device, both sides isosceles section be used for plant, growing area isosceles section in etc. it is stepped be independently distributed, save dividing plate etc., can be preferable Pouring and draining, ponding destruction vegetation is difficult, so that the vegetation per one-level growing area is independent of each other, moreover it is possible to good daylighting and Growth.
3rd, unique diversion frame carries out multi-faceted pour.This programme is used in vertical hollow diversion frame, diversion frame both sides Wall sets the projection that multiple diameters from the bottom to top increase successively so that hydraulic pressure meets the requirement of height, and correspondence staged kind Every one-level of growing area, coordinates that sprinkler head is higher, more preferable poured.
4th, multistage water tank circulation, more they tends to automation.This programme is mutually tied using transfer water tank with the big storage tank of lower section Close, coordinate suction pump and flow control valve and connect the controller of outside and use, preferably to realize draining and the circulation supplied water It is utilize more.When soil humidity sensor, which detects top irrigation, to be needed largely to use water, storage tank works as top transfer water Case supplies water;When rainy season, when growing area draining is more, first passes through filter and flow through transfer water tank, after be transferred to storage tank, work as storage When liquid level sensor in water tank detects deposit dilutional hyponatremia, then the earth flowed out to by rainwater-collecting pipeline, utilize outside control Device control soil humidity sensor processed, liquid level sensor and flow control valve, prevent vegetation excessively non-irrigated or excessively flooded, more automate, Practicality is stronger.
5th, rainwater is collected, circulation to be utilized.Rainwater collection header is arranged on the waterproof layer of the first isolation, passes through internal duct Collect rainwater at four, roof angle, so enter it is standby in the big storage tank at middle part, for current shortage of resources Present situation, saves a large amount of manpower and materials;And during rainy weather, superfluous water can be discharged in time using the loop for collecting rainwater, it is real It is stronger with property, realize utilization more than the circulation of one-level.
6th, multi-filtering, effect is good.Gravel packing is equipped with each layer of growing area of isosceles section, not only fastening kind Growing area structure is indeformable, and the water of the vegetable layer discharge of also reciprocity rank distribution plays the effect of by-pass filtration;In addition on horizontal segment Two ends be also respectively provided with filter, the discharge outlet for passing through gravel packing in layer to bottom position in the water of discharge Afterwards, then by gravel packing and drain bar herein circulate into filter, and then carry out secondary filtration, be drained into transfer Water tank is poured to vegetation, realizes utilization more than two grades of circulation.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that light hydraulic support 6 is connected with waterproof layer 2, stopping area 3;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of growing area;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of diversion frame;
Marked in figure:1st, roof, 2, waterproof layer, 201, waterproof cloth, 202, modified asphalt layer, 3, stopping area, 4, rainwater collection Header, 5, standpipe, 6, light hydraulic support, 601, vertical support, 602, trapezoidal fagging, 6021, horizontal segment, 6022, isosceles section, 7, Diversion frame, 701, raised, 702, opening, 8, sprinkler head, 801, protective cover, 9, filter, 10, transfer water tank, 11, storage tank, 12nd, suction pump, 13, drain bar, 14, gravel packing, 15, growing area, 16, soil humidity sensor, 17, liquid level sensor.
Embodiment
Embodiment is provided below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail. Only most preferred embodiment is as reference below, depending on practical operation of the concrete condition according to those skilled in the art.
As Figure 1-4, outside the automation light roof greening system utilized a kind of circulation, the roof greening system more Correspondence is connected with controller, and the roof greening system includes being located at the waterproof layer 2 of the upper surface of roof 1 and is arranged on waterproof layer 2 The trapezoidal light hydraulic support 6 on surface;Further optimally, waterproof layer 2 includes the waterproof cloth 201 for being close to the setting of roof upper surface Modified asphalt layer 202 with the upper surface of waterproof cloth 201 is arranged on, causes water-proof function stronger using the waterproof layer structure, insulation Best results;The upper surface of waterproof layer 2 is installed with rainwater collection header 4 for collecting rainwater and for storing a large amount of recycle-waters Storage tank 11, in practical operation, rainwater collection header is arranged on the waterproof layer of the first isolation, at four angles on roof and is led to The rainwater that internal pipeline is collected on roof is crossed, rainwater collection header 4 connects storage tank 11 by standpipe 5 respectively, is collected into Rainwater so that enter middle part big storage tank in it is standby, flow control valve, flow control valve are correspondingly provided with standpipe 5 It is connected, and inflow can be adjusted according to controller feedack with the controller;For current shortage of resources Present situation, saves a large amount of manpower and materials, more they tends to automation;And during rainy weather, can be timely using the loop for collecting rainwater Superfluous water is discharged, practicality is stronger, realize utilization more than the circulation of one-level;
Vertical support 601 and be fixed in vertical branch that described light hydraulic support 6 is fixed on waterproof layer including multiple settings The trapezoidal fagging 602 in isosceles trapezoid of the top of post 601, the upper surface of trapezoidal fagging 602 is provided with waterproof layer 2 and is arranged on anti- The stopping area 3 for being used for draining and preventing root system of plant from puncturing of the upper surface of water layer 2;Multiple waterproof layers are used in this programme and trapezoidal Light hydraulic support is combined;Wherein, the waterproof layer of roof upper surface is as the first isolation, and set unique texture on waterproof layer is in Trapezoidal light hydraulic support, it is simple firm, play a part of laying waterproof layer again on second layer isolation, light hydraulic support, add root resistance Layer, growing area is isolated, isolated as third layer, the system so isolated layer by layer preferably realizes waterproof with structure well Effect, also reduces roof heavy burden, realizes preferable insulation effect, simple and convenient, extends roof life;
The trapezoidal fagging 602 is made up of horizontal segment 6021 with the isosceles section 6022 for being fixed in the two ends of horizontal segment 6021, institute State to be provided with isosceles section 6022 in multiple independent growing areas 15 being distributed in staged, described growing area 15 and be provided with and control Device processed is connected to detect the soil humidity sensor 16 of planting soil moisture, and each layer of growing area 15 is provided with for filtering Draining and the gravel packing 14 of fixed growing area, not only fastening plantation plot structure is indeformable, the vegetable layer of also reciprocity rank distribution The water of discharge plays the effect of by-pass filtration;The isosceles section 6022 and the discharge outlet of the junction of horizontal segment 6021 are provided with gravel Filter layer 14 and drain bar 13, being provided with drain bar 13 is used for the osculum by current, and the side of drain bar 13 is provided with position Filter 9 and the transfer water tank 10 positioned at the middle part of horizontal segment 6021 in the two ends of horizontal segment 6021, and then carry out secondary filtration, row Water enters transfer water tank and vegetation is poured, and realizes utilization more than the circulation of two-stage;In this programme, in the trapezoidal of isosceles trapezoid The horizontal segment of fagging places transfer water tank and filter, and the isosceles section of both sides is used to plant, and growing area is in wait ladder in isosceles section Shape is independently distributed, and saves dividing plate etc., can preferably be poured and draining, is independent of each other per the vegetation of one-level growing area, moreover it is possible to very Good daylighting and growth;
The transfer water tank 10 is provided with Flow-rate adjustment by the storage tank 11 immediately below the connection of transfer water pipe, transfer water pipe Valve, the inside of storage tank 11 is provided with the liquid level sensor 17 that sensed water level is connected to controller, described transfer water tank 10 and storage tank 11 in be equipped with suction pump 12 for being supplied water into diversion frame 7;This programme is using transfer water tank and lower section Big storage tank is combined, and coordinates suction pump and flow control valve to use, and preferably to realize that how sharp draining and the circulation supplied water be With.When soil humidity sensor, which detects top irrigation, to be needed largely to use water, storage tank works to be supplied for top transfer water tank Water;When rainy season, when growing area draining is more, first flow through transfer water tank, after be transferred to storage tank, when in storage tank liquid level pass Sensor detect deposit dilutional hyponatremia when, then by rainwater-collecting pipeline flow out to the earth, using peripheral control unit control soil it is wet Sensor, liquid level sensor and flow control valve are spent, prevents vegetation excessively non-irrigated or excessively flooded, more automates, practicality is stronger;
The inside that the center of the transfer water tank 10 is installed with connection bottom suction pump 12 vertically is in hollow diversion frame 7, diversion frame 7 is provided with flow control valve, and be equipped with that multiple its diameter from the bottom to top increase successively on the inwall of diversion frame 7 is convex Play the opening 702 offered on 701, diversion frame 7 in the position of alignment bumps 701 for water spray;In this programme, in vertical Empty diversion frame carries out multi-faceted diversion and poured, and it is convex that the multiple diameters from the bottom to top of diversion frame both sides inwall setting increase successively Rise so that hydraulic pressure meets the requirement of height, and every one-level of correspondence staged growing area, coordinates sprinkler head higher, more preferable Poured.
Further optimization, the rainwater collection header 4 is installed in the upper surface of waterproof layer 2, and rainwater collection header 4 passes through collecting pipe Collect the rainwater at 1 four, roof angle in road.
Further optimization, the growing area 15 waits the isosceles section 6022 that scalariform is distributed in trapezoidal fagging 602 in symmetrical, adopts With multiple independent growing areas of the structure of the present utility model, with fixed structure and shape, be unlikely to deform, be easy to daylighting, Pour and subregion block management.
Further optimization, the isosceles section 6022 is symmetrical, and is correspondingly fixed in horizontal segment 6021, and the structure is more steady It is fixed, reduce and bear a heavy burden, increase the service life.
Further optimization, the filter 9 is connected by water service pipe with transfer water tank 10.Pass through one layer in the water of discharge One layer gravel packing filtering after arrive bottom position discharge outlet, then by herein gravel packing and drain bar circulate into Filter, and then secondary filtration is carried out, it is drained into transfer water tank and vegetation is poured, realizes utilization more than two grades of circulation.
Further optimization, described filter 9 is detachably fixed connection;Filter can so be regularly replaced so that real Filter effect is optimal when border is used.
Further optimization, described soil humidity sensor 16, liquid level sensor 17 and flow control valve respectively with outside Controller electrical connection so that the technical scheme of the utility model more they tends to automation, saves a large amount of manpower and materials.
Further optimization, the vertical support 601 that the storage tank 11 is located between waterproof layer 2 and trapezoidal fagging 602 is divided into Cavity in, effective utilization space and natural resources are realized that circulation more and utilized.
Further optimization, described opening 702 is communicated with each growing area 15 water spray in correspondence isosceles section 6022 Sprinkler head 8, the outside of the sprinkler head 8 is provided with the protective cover 801 for being used for regular current and preventing current from losing, and better profits from following Ring water, using effect is optimal.
Embodiment of the present utility model has a variety of, and the present embodiment is simply used as preferred implementation in practical operation Mode.Additionally, for those skilled in the art, accompanying drawing 1 can be as partial structural diagram, and we will can also be somebody's turn to do The circulation automation light roof greening systems utilized are designed to the structure in Bird's Nest stadium more, so circular grandstand in a ring Formula is planted, and more saves ground, attractive in appearance, while also functioning to good waterproof, insulation and the circulation effects that utilize more.

Claims (9)

1. the automation light roof greening system utilized a kind of circulation more, it is characterised in that:It is right outside the roof greening system Controller should be connected with, the roof greening system includes being located at roof(1)The waterproof layer of upper surface(2)Be arranged on waterproof layer (2)The trapezoidal light hydraulic support of upper surface(6), waterproof layer(2)Upper surface be installed with rainwater-collecting for collecting rainwater Case(4)With the storage tank for storing a large amount of recycle-waters(11), rainwater collection header(4)Pass through standpipe(5)Connect storage tank (11), standpipe(5)On be correspondingly provided with flow control valve, flow control valve is connected with the controller;
Described light hydraulic support(6)The vertical support on waterproof layer is fixed on including multiple settings(601)Be fixed in vertical branch Post(601)The trapezoidal fagging in isosceles trapezoid of top(602), trapezoidal fagging(602)Upper surface be provided with waterproof layer(2)With It is arranged on waterproof layer(2)The stopping area for being used for draining and preventing root system of plant from puncturing of upper surface(3);
The trapezoidal fagging(602)By horizontal segment(6021)Be fixed in horizontal segment(6021)The isosceles section at two ends(6022)Group Into the isosceles section(6022)On be provided with multiple independent growing areas being distributed in staged(15), described growing area (15)It is interior to be provided with the soil humidity sensor for being connected to detect planting soil moisture with controller(16), each layer of growing area (15)It is provided with gravel packing(14), the isosceles section(6022)With horizontal segment(6021)Junction discharge outlet be provided with gravel Stone filter layer(14)And drain bar(13), in drain bar(13)Being provided with is used for the osculum by current, drain bar(13)One Side is provided with positioned at horizontal segment(6021)The filter at two ends(9)With positioned at horizontal segment(6021)The transfer water tank at middle part(10);
The transfer water tank(10)Pass through the storage tank immediately below the connection of transfer water pipe(11), transfer water pipe is provided with Flow-rate adjustment Valve, storage tank(11)Inside the liquid level sensor that sensed water level is connected to controller is installed(17), described transfer Water tank(10)And storage tank(11)Inside being equipped with is used for diversion frame(7)The suction pump of interior water supply(12);
The transfer water tank(10)Center be installed with vertically connection bottom suction pump(12)Inside be in hollow diversion frame (7), diversion frame(7)It is provided with flow control valve, diversion frame(7)Inwall on be equipped with multiple its diameter from the bottom to top and increase successively Big projection(701), diversion frame(7)On in alignment bumps(701)Position offer opening for water spray(702).
2. the automation light roof greening system utilized a kind of circulation according to claim 1 more, it is characterised in that:Institute State rainwater collection header(4)It is installed in waterproof layer(2)Upper surface, rainwater collection header(4)Roof is collected by collecting(1)Four Rainwater at individual angle.
3. the automation light roof greening system utilized a kind of circulation according to claim 1 more, it is characterised in that:Institute State growing area(15)Scalariform is waited to be distributed in trapezoidal fagging in symmetrical(602)Isosceles section(6022).
4. the automation light roof greening system utilized a kind of circulation according to claim 1 more, it is characterised in that:Institute State isosceles section(6022)It is symmetrical, and correspondingly it is fixed in horizontal segment(6021).
5. the automation light roof greening system utilized a kind of circulation according to claim 1 more, it is characterised in that:Institute State filter(9)Pass through water service pipe and transfer water tank(10)It is connected.
6. the automation light roof greening system utilized a kind of circulation according to claim 1 more, it is characterised in that:Institute The filter stated(9)It is detachably fixed connection.
7. the automation light roof greening system utilized a kind of circulation according to claim 1 more, it is characterised in that:Institute The soil humidity sensor stated(16), liquid level sensor(17)Electrically connected respectively with outside controller with flow control valve.
8. the automation light roof greening system utilized a kind of circulation according to claim 1 more, it is characterised in that:Institute State storage tank(11)Positioned at waterproof layer(2)With trapezoidal fagging(602)Between vertical support(601)In the cavity being divided into.
9. the automation light roof greening system utilized a kind of circulation according to claim 1 more, it is characterised in that:Institute The opening stated(702)It is communicated with correspondence isosceles section(6022)On each growing area(15)The sprinkler head of water spray(8), the spray Spill head(8)Outside be provided be used for regular current and prevent current lose protective cover(801).
CN201720160983.4U 2017-02-22 2017-02-22 A kind of automation light roof greening system utilized circulation more Expired - Fee Related CN206559862U (en)

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CN201720160983.4U CN206559862U (en) 2017-02-22 2017-02-22 A kind of automation light roof greening system utilized circulation more

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108371058A (en) * 2018-04-23 2018-08-07 中国电建集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司 Grass planting ditch structure with water holding function

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108371058A (en) * 2018-04-23 2018-08-07 中国电建集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司 Grass planting ditch structure with water holding function
CN108371058B (en) * 2018-04-23 2023-08-22 中国电建集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司 Grass planting ditch structure with water holding function

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Granted publication date: 20171017

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