CN206591601U - The big vast system of grass planting ditch drop based on sponge the idea of the city - Google Patents

The big vast system of grass planting ditch drop based on sponge the idea of the city Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206591601U
CN206591601U CN201720033003.4U CN201720033003U CN206591601U CN 206591601 U CN206591601 U CN 206591601U CN 201720033003 U CN201720033003 U CN 201720033003U CN 206591601 U CN206591601 U CN 206591601U
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grass planting
planting ditch
city
drainage
sponge
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CN201720033003.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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王戴勇
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Guangdong City Ecological Polytron Technologies Inc
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Guangdong City Ecological Polytron Technologies Inc
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of big vast system of grass planting ditch drop based on sponge the idea of the city, it is intended to which it is not strong to solve grass planting ditch water-holding capacity, the problem of not making full use of rainwater, and its drip irrigation device is:Including the grass planting ditch water discharge system and water storage system located at urban road side, water storage system includes grass planting ditch, grass planting ditch includes plant, the lower floor of plant is set to planting soil, planting soil lower floor is set to filter layer, provided with the retaining canal for offering catch basin below filter layer, the laying of retaining canal bottom is reduced the waterproof membrane of retaining canal infiltration.Feature of the present utility model is rainwater moistening planting soil, is conducive to plant preferably to grow, unnecessary moisture is limpider after being filtered through filter layer, waterproof membrane reduces the seepage of rainwater in retaining canal;When amount of rainfall has exceeded the water-holding capacity of water storage system, by drainage system discharge part rainwater, the situation for avoiding grass planting ditch ponding excessively to influence drainage performance to cause the easy waterlogging in city as far as possible.

Description

The big vast system of grass planting ditch drop based on sponge the idea of the city
Technical field
The utility model is related to municipal drainage technical field, more specifically, it relates to which a kind of be based on sponge the idea of the city The big vast system of grass planting ditch drop.
Background technology
Sponge urban construction should follow the principles such as Ecology Precedence, and natural way is combined with artificial measures, ensure city On the premise of city's drainage waterlogging prevention safety, rainwater is realized to greatest extent in the accumulation of urban area, infiltration and is purified, promotes rainwater The utilization and ecological environmental protection of resource.It is not to make a new start to build " sponge city ", replaces traditional drainage system, but One kind " Reduction of Students' Study Load " and supplement to conventional drainage systems, farthest play the effect of city in itself.In sponge urban construction During, the systematicness of natural precipitation, surface water and groundwater should be planned as a whole, coordinate each links of water circulation use such as feedwater, draining, And consider its complexity and chronicity.
In view of the above-mentioned problems, at present, Publication No. CN205223787U Chinese patent discloses a kind of greenery patches grass planting ditch, Its drip irrigation device is:Described greenery patches grass planting ditch build road both sides, including greenbelt and grass planting ditch in;Described greenbelt The both sides of grass planting ditch are distributed in, are connected between greenbelt and grass planting ditch by seeded slope transition, on described greenbelt Plant and be implanted with green plant, the greenbelt of grass planting ditch is externally provided with the green road walked for people in greenery patches;Every one in described grass planting ditch Segment distance is provided with a separation column, and described separation column is from the middle wall flowed through for two parts, bottom for prevention water, and top is Separation net.
Greenery patches grass planting ditch has architecture and certain section dirty purification function in such scheme, but water-holding capacity is not By force, rainwater is not made full use of, also artificial large area irrigation is carried out to the plant in grass planting ditch when running into arid.
Utility model content
In view of the deficienciess of the prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of based on sponge the idea of the city The big vast system of grass planting ditch drop, with good water-holding capacity.
Above-mentioned technical purpose of the present utility model technical scheme is that:One kind is based on sponge city The big vast system of grass planting ditch drop of theory, including it is arranged at the grass planting ditch water discharge system and water storage system of urban road side, retaining system System includes grass planting ditch, and grass planting ditch includes plant, and the lower floor of plant is set to planting soil, and planting soil lower floor is set to filtering The retaining canal for offering catch basin is provided with below layer, filter layer, the laying of retaining canal bottom is reduced the waterproof of retaining canal infiltration Film.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, rainwater reaches planting soil moistening planting soil by plant, is conducive to plant Preferably growth, unnecessary moisture reaches the catch basin in retaining canal after the filtering of filter layer, and stops one as far as possible A little debris etc. enter retaining canal, make the water in catch basin limpider, waterproof membrane reduces the seepage of rainwater in retaining canal, makes storage Water system water storage effect is more preferable;When rainwater is more larger, amount of rainfall has exceeded the water-holding capacity of water storage system, then can pass through Drainage system discharge part rainwater, the feelings for avoiding grass planting ditch inner product dilutional hyponatremia to influence drainage performance to cause the easy waterlogging in city as far as possible Condition, the theory in sponge city of more fitting.
The utility model is further arranged to:Hollow seepage brick is installed in the retaining canal.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, after rainwater reaches retaining canal through filter layer, penetrate into seepage brick, seepage brick pair Rainwater is further filtered, and by the rainwater storage after filtering in catch basin, is reduced moisture evaporation or flowed away;Simultaneously Seepage brick has certain supporting role to filter layer, makes water storage system structure more firm.
The utility model is further arranged to:Water seepage hole is offered on the seepage brick.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, water seepage hole accelerates the speed of rain penetration, and water storage is more efficient, is also convenient for The trickling of rainwater between adjacent seepage brick, the impulsive force to seepage brick is comparatively smaller, extends the life-span of seepage brick.
The utility model is further arranged to:Outlet pipe is installed, the outlet pipe other end is connected with inside the retaining canal Tank, is provided with the pulsating pump that retaining channel water is sucked to tank between tank and outlet pipe.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, when retaining storage capacity is excessive in catch basin beyond the reservoir storage of water storage system When, part rainwater can be sucked in tank by pulsating pump, for irrigating greenery patches elsewhere, carwash etc., also may be used To store when running into dry weather, the Water Spreading of tank is entered to the plant supplied in retaining canal on grass planting ditch and used.
The utility model is further arranged to:The drainage system includes being arranged on planting soil and municipal drain The connected drainage mechanism in road.
, only can not by retaining canal and tank when amount of rainfall is excessive or occurs flood by using above-mentioned technical proposal Quickly drain rainwater, be likely to result in urban waterlogging, drainage mechanism accelerates drainage speed, avoid as far as possible urban waterlogging or It slow down the waterlogging time;Drainage mechanism is arranged on planting soil, and when water level reach a certain height in grass planting ditch, rainwater will Draining is accelerated by drainage mechanism, drainage efficiency is improved.
The utility model is further arranged to:The drainage mechanism includes the drainage head for offering osculum.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, osculum is opened up on drainage head, rainwater can flow into municipal administration row by osculum In waterpipe, while serve barrier effect to some debris, debris drainage mechanism of entering is avoided to result in blockage influence row as far as possible Water efficiency.
The utility model is further arranged to:The drainage head is higher than planting soil.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, drainage head is higher than planting soil, and planting soil is not easy to block osculum, is easy to The proper drainage of drainage mechanism.
The utility model is further arranged to:The drainage head is set to hemispherical, and osculum is uniformly distributed in drainage head On.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, hemispherical drainage head is relatively small by rainwash power, extends draining The service life of head;Osculum, which is evenly distributed on drainage head, makes osculum form difference in height, energy when water level is low relative to ground The relatively fewer drainage speed of osculum of enough drainings is relatively slow, the osculum of draining relatively many drainage speed phases when water level is high It is also different according to the height drainage speed of the water level of planting soil to very fast, more intelligent, rationalization.
The utility model is further arranged to:The filter layer includes sand stone layer and metalling with filtration.
It is more preferable by sand stone layer and the effect of metalling double filtration by using above-mentioned technical proposal, make to enter retaining The rainwater of canal is more cleaned, and does not also allow to tend to have debris obstruction retaining canal.
The utility model is further arranged to:It is equipped between the metalling and retaining canal and opens up the permeable of permeable hole Film.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, water permeable membrane serves certain filtering to rainwater while allowing rainwater to pass through Effect, reduces debris and enters retaining canal influence reservoir storage.
In summary, the utility model has the advantages that:
Rainwater reaches planting soil moistening planting soil by plant, is conducive to plant preferably to grow, unnecessary moisture By being filled into up to water permeable membrane for sand stone layer and metalling, and stop that some debris etc. enter the permeable of water permeable membrane as far as possible Hole, makes the water into retaining canal limpider, and rainwater is stored into catch basin after reaching seepage brick through permeable hole;When rainwater is more When larger, open pulsating pump and the water that seepage brick oozes out is drawn onto in tank, give over to standby;When city runs into extra torrential rain or hair During raw flood, the water level rise on planting soil, rainwater reaches the position of drainage head, is in time discharged into rainwater by osculum Municipal drainage pipeline, plays drop flood effect;When running into the urban drought time, the water volatilization in retaining canal is diffused into soil horizon supply The plant water sources of grass planting ditch, the water in tank when retaining channel water point is not enough, can also be poured in down a chimney and be filled in retaining canal Irrigate, also cannot be easily caused the waste of rainwater.Above scheme greatly optimizes the big vast system of grass planting ditch drop, reaches and improves rainwater Utilization rate, more conforms to the theory in sponge city.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the integrated model schematic diagram of the present embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of drainage mechanism in the present embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of drainage head in the present embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of seepage brick in the present embodiment.
In figure:1st, grass planting ditch;11st, plant;2nd, planting soil;3rd, filter layer;31st, sand stone layer;32nd, metalling;33rd, it is permeable Film;331st, permeable hole;4th, retaining canal;41st, catch basin;42nd, seepage brick;421st, water seepage hole;5th, waterproof membrane;6th, outlet pipe;61st, inhale Water pump;7th, tank;8th, drainage mechanism;81st, drainage head;811st, osculum.
Embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, the utility model is described in detail.
Big vast system drops in a kind of grass planting ditch 1 based on sponge the idea of the city, as shown in figure 1, including being layed in urban road side The water storage system of grass planting ditch 1 on side, water storage system includes grass planting ditch 1, and grass planting ditch 1 includes the plant 11 being exposed, plant 11 Lower floor is laid in planting soil 2, and the filter layer 3 of filtering rainwater has been laid by the lower floor of planting soil 2, and filter layer 3 is included from top to bottom Order lay successively sand stone layer 31, metalling 32 and open up permeable hole 331 further filtering rainwater water permeable membrane 33;Thoroughly The supported underneath of moisture film 33 has the retaining canal 4 for offering catch basin 41, with reference to Fig. 2, hollow seepage brick is provided with retaining canal 4 42, the water seepage hole 421 for accelerating infiltration is begun with 42 6 faces of seepage brick, seepage brick 42 has not only acted as good support and made With also acting good filtration;The laying of the bottom of seepage brick 42 is reduced the waterproof membrane 5 of the infiltration of retaining canal 4.
The top of seepage brick 42 is provided with outlet pipe 6, and the other end of outlet pipe 6 is connected with the tank that physical features is higher than retaining canal 4 7, the pulsating pump 61 that water in retaining canal 4 is sucked to tank 7 is installed, when rainwater is relatively more between tank 7 and outlet pipe 6 When, the water in retaining canal 4 can be sucked in tank 7, for irrigating greenery patches elsewhere, carwash etc., can also stored up Leave, when running into dry weather, the plant that the Water Spreading of tank 7 enters in retaining canal 4 on supply grass planting ditch 1 to be used.
As shown in figure 1, big vast system drops in the grass planting ditch 1 based on sponge the idea of the city also includes drainage system, drainage system bag The drainage mechanism 8 being connected with municipal drainage pipeline on planting soil 2 is included, with reference to Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, drainage mechanism 8 includes The hemispherical drainage head 81 of osculum 811 is offered, and drainage head 81 is higher than planting soil 2, when occurring big flood, grass planting ditch 1 Interior rainwater water level rise, can be expelled directly out by municipal drainage pipeline during the osculum 811 for reaching drainage head 81, accelerate draining Speed, reduces the urban waterlogging time;Osculum 811, which is evenly distributed on drainage head 81, makes osculum 811 be formed relative to ground Difference in height, the relatively fewer drainage speed of osculum 811 that draining is capable of when water level is low is relatively slow, the draining of draining when water level is high The relatively many drainage speeds in hole 811 are relatively fast, also different according to the height drainage speed of the water level of planting soil 2, more Plus intelligent, rationalization.
By above scheme, rainwater reaches the moistening planting soil 2 of planting soil 2 by plant 11, is conducive to plant more preferable Growth, unnecessary moisture is filled into up to water permeable membrane 33 by sand stone layer 31 and metalling 32, and is stopped as far as possible Debris etc. enters the permeable hole 331 of water permeable membrane 33, makes the water into retaining canal 4 limpider, and rainwater is reached through permeable hole 331 to be oozed It is stored into after water brick 42 in catch basin 41;When rainwater is more larger, opens pulsating pump 61 and be drawn onto the water that seepage brick 42 oozes out In tank 7, give over to standby;When city runs into extra torrential rain or occurs flood, the water level rise on planting soil 2, rainwater The position of drainage head 81 is reached, rainwater is discharged into by municipal drainage pipeline by osculum 811 in time, drop flood effect is played;Meet During to the urban drought time, the water volatilization in retaining canal 4 is diffused into the plant water sources of soil horizon supply grass planting ditch 1, retaining canal 4 During water deficient, the water in tank 7 can also be poured in down a chimney into being irrigated in retaining canal 4, also cannot be easily caused the wave of rainwater Take.Above scheme greatly optimizes grass planting ditch 1 and drops big vast system, reaches the utilization rate for improving rainwater, more conforms to sponge city The theory in city.
Described above is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, and protection domain of the present utility model is not limited merely to Above-described embodiment, all technical schemes belonged under the utility model thinking belong to protection domain of the present utility model.It should refer to Go out, for those skilled in the art, some improvement under the premise of the utility model principle is not departed from and Retouching, these improvements and modifications also should be regarded as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of big vast system of grass planting ditch drop based on sponge the idea of the city, it is characterised in that:Including being arranged at urban road side Grass planting ditch (1) drainage system and water storage system, water storage system include grass planting ditch (1), grass planting ditch (1) include plant (11), plant The lower floor of thing (11) is set to planting soil (2), and planting soil (2) lower floor is set to set below filter layer (3), filter layer (3) The retaining canal (4) for offering catch basin (41) is equipped with, the laying of retaining canal (4) bottom is reduced the waterproof membrane of retaining canal (4) infiltration (5);The drainage system includes the drainage mechanism (8) being connected with municipal drainage pipeline being arranged on planting soil (2), described Drainage mechanism (8) includes the drainage head (81) for offering osculum (811).
2. the grass planting ditch drop big vast system according to claim 1 based on sponge the idea of the city, it is characterised in that:The retaining Hollow seepage brick (42) is installed in canal (4).
3. the grass planting ditch drop big vast system according to claim 2 based on sponge the idea of the city, it is characterised in that:The infiltration Water seepage hole (421) is offered on brick (42).
4. the grass planting ditch drop big vast system according to claim 1 based on sponge the idea of the city, it is characterised in that:The retaining Outlet pipe (6) is installed inside canal (4), outlet pipe (6) other end is connected with tank (7), tank (7) and outlet pipe (6) Between be provided with the pulsating pump (61) of retaining canal (4) interior water suction tank (7).
5. the grass planting ditch drop big vast system according to claim 1 based on sponge the idea of the city, it is characterised in that:The draining Head (81) is higher than planting soil (2).
6. the grass planting ditch drop big vast system according to claim 1 based on sponge the idea of the city, it is characterised in that:The draining Head (81) is set to hemispherical, and osculum (811) is uniformly distributed on drainage head (81).
7. the grass planting ditch drop big vast system according to claim 1 based on sponge the idea of the city, it is characterised in that:The filtering Layer (3) includes sand stone layer (31) and metalling (32) with filtration.
8. the grass planting ditch drop big vast system according to claim 7 based on sponge the idea of the city, it is characterised in that:The rubble The water permeable membrane (33) for opening up permeable hole (331) is equipped between layer (32) and retaining canal (4).
CN201720033003.4U 2017-01-11 2017-01-11 The big vast system of grass planting ditch drop based on sponge the idea of the city Active CN206591601U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720033003.4U CN206591601U (en) 2017-01-11 2017-01-11 The big vast system of grass planting ditch drop based on sponge the idea of the city

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720033003.4U CN206591601U (en) 2017-01-11 2017-01-11 The big vast system of grass planting ditch drop based on sponge the idea of the city

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112695586A (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-04-23 常熟康艺建设有限公司 Sponge city water circulating system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112695586A (en) * 2020-12-24 2021-04-23 常熟康艺建设有限公司 Sponge city water circulating system

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