CN207793926U - A kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body - Google Patents

A kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body Download PDF

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CN207793926U
CN207793926U CN201820095263.9U CN201820095263U CN207793926U CN 207793926 U CN207793926 U CN 207793926U CN 201820095263 U CN201820095263 U CN 201820095263U CN 207793926 U CN207793926 U CN 207793926U
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shell
bead
opal
light source
led light
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方显峰
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Abstract

Solar energy spike with reflective cateye bead, including shell(1), emitting led light source(2), control circuit(3), photovoltaic module(4), charge storage element(5), opal bead refractive body(6), emitting led light source(2), photovoltaic module(4), charge storage element(5)Pass through circuit and control circuit(3)It is connected;Shell(1)Shape is truncated cone and emitting led light source is arranged in side meta position(2)With opal bead refractive body(6);Or to fold the inclination angle of truncated cone and the upper and lower two truncated cone sides of rationally setting, the requirement for having ensured the resistance to compression crashworthiness of railway spike and having met national regulation to size also meets emitting led light source(2)With opal bead refractive body(6)Respective setting requirements.The utility model has both the reflection function and active lighting function of opal bead, and due to being used as light reflection device using reflective cateye bead, have many advantages, such as it is anti-rolling impact, be non-aging, the service life is longer for railway spike.

Description

A kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body
Technical field
This practicality is related to traffic security protection clothing arts, and in particular to a kind of solar energy road with opal bead refractive body Nail.
Background technology
Railway spike is called protuberant guide post, can on highway or other roads be used for mark center line, lane line, Edge line etc.;It can also be used to label bend, the Dangerous Areas such as inlet and outlet ring road, water conservancy diversion graticule, road narrow, road obstacle.
With the development of social progress and communication, more stringent requirements are proposed to safety by people, only has Traditional reflector of passive reflection function is gradually replaced by the solar energy luminous railway spike with active lighting function.
There are mainly two types of existing solar energy luminous railway spikes:
The solar energy luminous railway spike of one of which face and side back to vehicle traveling direction on be provided only with LED straw hat lamps The luminescent devices such as pearl, rain and fog weather is easy to cause electric power storage insufficient because of illumination deficiency, and then influences the illumination effect of railway spike even It can not work completely, leave serious traffic safety hidden danger.
Wherein another solar energy luminous railway spike face and side back to vehicle traveling direction on lattice-type it is reflective The lower section of plate or micro-prism type reflector is equipped with the luminescent devices such as LED straw hat lamp beads.Wherein, lattice-type reflector or micro-prism type The thickness of reflector is generally no greater than 2.5mm, due to a, is easy to roll due to aging because of ultraviolet irradiation or wheel outdoors, cause anti- Optical property declines, and especially in summer open air by 3-5 months, reflective function can decline 20%-30%;B, it is easy to roll out because of wheel It splits, and then destroys retroreflective structure, cause reflective function to decline or lack, or cause into water because of cracking, and then destroy internal Circuit or electronic component, detonator circuit failure or electronic component damage, cause luminescent properties to lack;C, and due to existing The lattice-type reflector or micro-prism type reflector that the side of solar energy spike shell is generally plane, is arranged on railway spike side All it is plate-like structure, thus its reflection angle in road level direction is smaller.The above problem seriously constrains solar energy road Follow closely the use scope of product.
And existing reflective cateye bead(Sometimes it is called opal reflecting glass Bead)Railway spike is since structure design is limited, all Only have the function of passive reflective.It there is no such with the solar energy spike of active lighting function so far.Reflective cateye therein There are two main classes for bead, and one kind is the more reflective cateye beades using diameter 2-4mm as the smaller size smaller of representative, lines up battle array It arranges and pre-formed sheet material structure is made by the techniques such as being molded or pouring into a mould, general thickness 4-6mm is fixed on by various methods On railway spike shell;One kind is the large volume of single bead using diameter 160mm as representative, is fixed on by various methods It follows closely on shell.Wherein, the reflective cateye bead array chip of the first kind is all plane, and reflecting angle is less than normal;And the second class Relatively large installation volume is occupied when single bead is due on railway spike(Implantation depth sometimes up to 1.5cm with On), various light emitting components are installed in limited bulk to solar energy spike and bring difficulty.Therefore innovation is also required in itself to set Meter increases active lighting function or expands reflecting angle to meet the new needs of road safety.
In conclusion solar energy spike should meet traffic design specification(Such as ensure reflective function, minimum brightness, single The limitations such as photovoltaic electric power storage continuous working period, size), consider that industry manufacturing technology level is limited again(Such as solar energy The generating efficiency of volt plate limits, battery capacity limits and circuit power consumption limits), also to consider practicability and economy, In limited railway spike shell space, all multicomponent devices are installed, how under above-mentioned condition restriction, both ensured railway spike resistance to compression, Crashworthiness, and luminous, reflection function is had both, and ensure the reflective and luminescent properties of railway spike, improve the resistance to of railway spike light reflection device Long property to extend the service life of railway spike, and further increases the reflective or light emitting angle of railway spike, at urgently to be resolved hurrily in the industry Problem.
Utility model content
Since railway spike has the restriction of many preposition design conditions, thus the relatively common luminous product of design difficulty has geometry The raising of rank, it is highly effective in other luminous products that some seem feasible technical solution, but on solar energy spike But it cannot achieve due to the restriction of many factors.
To solve the above-mentioned problems, we pass through:
(1), light reflection device using reflective cateye bead as railway spike:Since there is resistance to compression with reflective cateye bead The advantages that crashworthiness is good, uv resistance can be good, anti-aging property is good, therefore use bead type reflecting material as railway spike Light reflection device helps to improve the durability of railway spike light reflection device, to extend the service life of railway spike entirety;
(2), railway spike shell structure is redesigned, and light reflection device and luminescent device are laid out again(I.e. Change the combination of existing solar energy spike light reflection device and luminescent device):A, railway spike shell can be truncated cone and class platform Simultaneously emitting led light source is arranged to meta position between the reflective cateye bead of its side in body, to be reflective cateye bead Railway spike increases actively luminous function, and increases railway spike in the luminous of road surface parallel direction, reflecting angle, and can be into one Step ensures compression strength, especially larger opal bead can ensure it is light-emitting LED be not readily susceptible to destroy, and bottom It is also provided with the downward column-shaped projection with storage tank, when installation, the projection portion is embedded to road surface, rest part exposes Road surface not only increases the firmness combined with road surface, and can provide more accommodating spaces for setting component;B, road The part that nail shell exposes road surface can also be made of up-small and down-big two truncated cones or class truncated cone and form the ladder-like knot of class Structure to not only ensure that resistance to compression, the crashworthiness of railway spike, but also meets national design specification for railway spike size(Such as Height cannot be more than 25mm)Requirement, the height ratio and difference of upper and lower two truncated cones or class truncated cone can also be set on demand Be arranged two truncated cones or class truncated cone up and down face and back to the side of vehicle traveling direction inclination angle size(Both with road surface 0 ° of angle<θ<90º), and then adjust railway spike in the light emitting angle of road surface vertical direction and shine, reflective area ratio, it is each to meet It shines, the setting requirements of reflective component(Such as:Straw hat type LED lamp bead requires luminous principal direction and road direction of travel substantially Parallel, bead type reflecting material requires the reflex reflection direction of far lamp light and road direction of travel substantially parallel, and former capital requires The inclination angle of place setting face is relatively large, and when railway spike setting long after glow luminous material, in order to increase long after glow luminous material Setting area, it is desirable to which the inclination angle of place setting face is relatively small), and saved material cost;
(3), emitting led light source can be arranged in railway spike case top, to increase light emitting angle and luminous visual angle;
(4), railway spike shell face and can be all or part of curved surface back to two opposite flanks of vehicle traveling direction, And along above-mentioned curved surface be arranged reflective cateye bead array chip, to increase reflective cateye bead array chip setting area and Reflecting angle in road level direction, especially suitable for multilane(Broad way face):
A kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body is proposed, had both ensured resistance to compression, the crashworthiness of railway spike, Luminous, reflection function is had both again, and ensures the reflective and luminescent properties of railway spike, improves the durability of railway spike light reflection device, to Extend the service life of railway spike, and further increase the reflective or light emitting angle of railway spike, can more meet now so as to produce In traffic, the more superior Luminous reflecting solar energy spike product of performance.
The technical solution of the utility model is:A kind of solar energy with opal bead refractive body as shown in Figure 1, 2 Railway spike, including shell(1), emitting led light source(2), control circuit(3), photovoltaic module(4), charge storage element(5);The shell Body(1)For light penetrating object or partial light permeability body with cavity and hole or groove or supporting member, and in shell(1)Top Equipped with optical transmission window or in shell(1)Top and side be respectively equipped with optical transmission window;Photovoltaic module(4)It is located at shell(1) Light-transmission top beneath window, emitting led light source(2)It is located at shell(1)In hole or groove or cavity below optical transmission window or In supporting member, emitting led light source(2), photovoltaic module(4), charge storage element(5)Pass through circuit and control circuit respectively(3)Phase Even, shell(1)Pass through encapsulating material(8)Emitting led light source(2), control circuit(3), photovoltaic module(4), charge storage element(5) It is combined as a whole;The shell(1)Opal bead refractive body is equipped in the hole or groove or cavity of side(6);It is described Control circuit(3)To have the function of charge and discharge control, and with driving and control emitting led light source(2)Continuous illumination or with The control circuit of the function of certain period strobe light emission.
Further, reflective cateye bead or reflective cateye bead array chip is fixed by structure glue or supersonic thermal setting The methods of be attached to shell(1)On, or the preformed member of reflective cateye bead array chip passed through into the techniques knot such as quadric injection mould Close shell(1)On, or by reflective cateye bead by the techniques such as being once molded or pouring into a mould directly and railway spike shell(1)Together Molding.
Further, control circuit(3)To have control emitting led light source(2)With compared with high brightness and relatively low luminance It spends and by the control circuit of some cycles strobe light emission function.
Further, shell(1)For truncated cone or class truncated cone:The shell(1)The hole of at least two opposite side portions Or opal bead refractive body is respectively equipped in groove or cavity(6), and in above-mentioned side the hole of at least one side or In groove or cavity or supporting member is equipped with emitting led light source(2).
Further, shell(1)For the larger truncated cone or class platform of the smaller truncated cone in top or class truncated cone and lower part The assembly of body(Also cry herein and folds truncated cone, such as the superimposed body or round estrade of prismoid and prismoid and round estrade The superimposed body of superimposed body or prismoid and round estrade), and described set between two truncated cones or the side of class truncated cone up and down There is the step-like connection transition structure of class, to not only ensure that resistance to compression, the crashworthiness of railway spike, but also meets national design specification For railway spike size(Such as height cannot be more than 25mm)Requirement, railway spike can also be set on demand and faced and back to vehicle The inclination angle of two sides up and down of direction of travel(Both with 0 ° of the angle on road surface<θ<90º)With upper and lower two truncated cones or class platform shape The height ratio of body, and then adjust railway spike in the light emitting angle of road surface vertical direction and shine, reflective area ratio, to meet hair The setting requirements of light, reflective component(Such as:Straw hat type LED lamp bead requires luminous principal direction and road direction of travel substantially flat Row, bead type reflecting material require the reflex reflection direction of far lamp light and road direction of travel substantially parallel, and former capital requires to set The inclination angle for setting face wants sufficiently large, and railway spike carry long after glow luminous material when, in order to increase the setting face of long after glow luminous material Product, it is desirable that want smaller in the inclination angle of setting face), and saved material cost.
Further, opal bead refractive body(6)For as unit of single reflective cateye bead or with more be single The reflective cateye bead array element of position, the emitting led light source(2)With opal bead refractive body(6)Along railway spike bottom Face horizontal direction(That is road level direction)It is arranged in shell to meta position(1)In the hole or groove or cavity of side, thus Active lighting function is increased on reflective cateye bead railway spike, and increases railway spike in the luminous, reflective of road surface parallel direction Angle.
Further, opal bead refractive body(6)For the reflective cateye bead array chip with loophole, described is saturating Emitting led light source is equipped in unthreaded hole or below loophole(2).Emitting led light source(2)With on reflective cateye bead array chip Reflective cateye bead is arranged with certain rule on demand, usually, emitting led light source(2)It is arranged in reflective cateye bead In array element, preferably it is symmetrically arranged or evenly distributed.
Further, shell(1)Bottom be equipped with storage tank downward column-shaped projection object, pref. cylindrical protrusion, Control circuit is equipped in the storage tank(3)Or/and charge storage element(5).When installation, the projection portion is embedded to road surface, Rest part exposes road surface, not only increases the firmness combined with road surface, and can be provided more for setting component Accommodating space.
Further, shell(1)The inclination angle of the side of the smaller truncated cone in top or class truncated cone is less than shell(1)Lower part compared with The inclination angle of the side of big truncated cone or class truncated cone is not only conducive to ensure the resistance to compression crashworthiness of railway spike entirety, but also is conducive to Increase patch type emitting led light source(2)And long-lasting phosphor(7)Setting area.
Further, shell(1)In the hole or groove or cavity of the smaller truncated cone in top or class truncated cone side or support Component is equipped with emitting led light source(2), shell(1)The hole or groove or sky of the larger truncated cone in lower part or class truncated cone side Intracavitary is equipped with opal bead refractive body(6).
Further, shell(1)At least be all or part of curved surface there are two opposite flank, the curved surface generally face or Back to road vehicle direction of travel, the opal bead refractive body(6)For reflective cateye bead array chip, and along curved surface It is arranged in the shell(1)In the hole or groove or cavity of side where curved surface, to increase opal bead refractive body(6)'s Setting area and reflecting angle.
Further, shell(1)In the hole or groove or cavity at top or supporting member is equipped with emitting led light source(2), So as to shine on four sides, light emitting angle is increased, especially suitable for pavement etc..
Further, part or all of emitting led light source(2)Top or luminous principal direction in front of be equipped with long-lasting phosphor (7), at this point, the control circuit(3)To have control emitting led light source(2)It is shone with some cycles and duty ratio interval And inspired long-lasting illuminator(7)The control circuit of luminous function, so as in the premise for maintaining certain minimum after-glow brightness Under, the power consumption that shines is reduced, emitting led light source is reduced(2)Interval luminous strobe effect and glare effect, improve the comfortable of human eye Degree, and when undercharge or fault or device failure, moreover it is possible to ambient light twilight sunset hair is absorbed by long after glow luminous material Light provides induction, instruction function.
Further, part emitting led light source(2)Top or luminous principal direction in front of be equipped with long-lasting phosphor(7), this When, the emitting led light source(2)For the combination of the emitting led light source of different luminous dominant wavelengths, to increase the luminous face of railway spike Color, so as to express more rich information.
Further, shell(1)Bottom or surrounding be equipped with installation fixed structure, such as in shell(1)Installation foot is arranged in bottom, Or in shell(1)Mounting hole etc. is arranged in surrounding.
Shell(1):
Shell(1)Be light penetrating object or partial light permeability body, can be single-piece, can also be sub-assembly, can with one-pass molding, It can be molded by several times;It is made of the materials such as metal or ceramics or plastics or glass or composite material, or structure is combined by unlike material At;The effects that mainly playing light transmission, support, receiving, fixation, installation, protection.
Shell(1)Shape be generally truncated cone or class truncated cone;Or by up-small and down-big two truncated cones or class truncated cone Class step structure is formed and is formed, identical or different material, Ke Yitong may be used in upper and lower two truncated cones or class truncated cone Cross primary injection molding or quadric injection mould or secondary combination(Such as it is combined by structure glue bond or the fixation of supersonic thermal setting or screw One).
Shell(1)It is equipped with cavity or hole or groove, for component is arranged or plays light transmission.Shell(1)It is interior can To be equipped with supporting member, plays support, filling, reinforcement, subregion, fixed, can especially be arranged on the support members luminous LED light source(2)Equal components can be specifically internal stent, structural bead, subregion partition etc., and shape can be with required design; It can direct and shell(1)Disposable disjunctor molding, can also be molded and install combination by several times.Shell(1)Top or top It is equipped with optical transmission window, the effects that optical transmission window is in addition to light transmission effect, also playing protection, waterproof, generally by transparent glass with side Glass or transparent plastic etc. are made.
Shell(1)Photovoltaic module is equipped in the cavity or hole or groove of light-transmission top beneath window(4)Or light-emitting LED light Source(2);Shell(1)Bottom or surrounding the fixed installation component of installation, such as installation foot or mounting hole can be set;Shell (1)Side cavity or hole or groove in be equipped with emitting led light source(2)With opal bead refractive body(6).
Shell(1)Pass through encapsulating material(8)It is integral with each component package.
Emitting led light source(2):
Emitting led light source(2)For combination etc. more than point light source or array light source or area source or both or both, Can be specifically inorganic LED, organic LED(That is OLED), laser LED etc..
Blocking the way is nailed on equipped with long-lasting phosphor(7)When, then it can be divided into shining with arousal function by purposes difference The emitting led light source of LED light source and common lighting function(It can also be entirely the emitting led light source with arousal function).
Wherein, the emitting led light source with arousal function, which rises, actively shines and inspired long-lasting illuminator(7)Effect, To pay the utmost attention to and long-lasting phosphor(7)The light source that excitation spectrum matches, emission wavelength is with to long-lasting phosphor(7) Launching efficiency be main criterion.It is preferred that with wiring board, peak wavelength 450nm is below, blue light or purple light or ultraviolet Light, SMD encapsulation LED area array light source, or with wiring board, peak wavelength 450nm is below, blue light or purple light or ultraviolet light COB area light source.
The light that the emitting led light source of common lighting function is sent out is without long-lasting phosphor(7)Directly project, it is preferential to rise To conventional lighting, show, warn, remind the effects that;It is preferred that carrying the straight cutting of the pin package of collector lens in the principal direction that shines Formula LED(That is straw hat formula LED lamp bead);Luminescent color preferred white or red or yellow or blue or green.
Emitting led light source(2)Word or symbol or pattern can be constituted on demand.
Control circuit(3):
Control circuit(3)Including at least control and driving two parts, by circuit respectively with emitting led light source(2), photovoltaic Component(4), charge storage element(5)Equal components are connected, and have the function of charge and discharge control, and the keying of energy control circuit, and control And drive emitting led light source(2)With certain period strobe light emission or continuous illumination.
Control circuit(3)Generally carry circuit module or circuit board rigid or flexible;Monolithic can particularly be carried The microprocessors such as machine.
Control circuit(3)There can be emitting led light source(2)The function of light-emitting mode conversion, that is, control LED light source(2) The function of being converted between the light-emitting mode of different luminous powers or period or duty ratio or sequential or fluctuation depth.
Control circuit(3)There can be time control lighting function, the conversion of spike nail light light-emitting mode can be controlled by the period, such as Control and drive the LED of spike nail light at night 6 points in 10 points of the periods at night with larger power light-emitting, 10 points at night Later in 6 points of the period of the next morning with smaller power light-emitting, to both ensure the opposite collection of evening people trip In period in traffic safety, and take into account evening people go on a journey relative rarity period in traffic safety.
Control circuit(3)There can be sequential lighting function, i.e., to identical or different luminescent color, phase on same light-emitting surface The emitting led light source of same or different packaged types(2)It is spatially grouped, and passes through control circuit(3)According to internal processes or outside Portion's order chronologically powers to each group LED successively, to make spike nail light Integral luminous have the function of dynamic shine.
Control circuit(3)Can carry sensor, by sensor sensing external information and automatically control spike nail light shine The conversion of pattern such as increases hair by the movement of object near radar sensor automatic sensing when nearby having vehicle or people to move Light LED light source(2)Output power, when nearby being moved without vehicle or people, reduce and shine to improve induction or effect of warning LED light source(2)Output power.To save energy consumption, extend the duration that shines.
Control circuit(3)The communication module group that radio transmission-receiving function can also be carried, external control is received by communication module group The conversion of order control spike nail light light-emitting mode, such as issues wireless control order in rain and fog weather, increases emitting led light source(2) Output power or stroboscopic duty ratio, ensure illumination effect of the spike nail light under rain and fog weather, or control by communication module group And drive the synchronous light-emitting or delay synchronous light-emitting of multiple spike nail lights.
Photovoltaic module(4):
Photovoltaic module(4)Pass through circuit and control circuit(3)It is connected, can is monocrystalline silicon photovoltaic device rigid or flexible Part, polycrystalline silicon photovoltaic device or amorphous silicon photovoltaic device etc. can be specifically solar panel or solar energy film etc..Photovoltaic Device generally has both the function of illuminance transducer, control circuit in addition to that luminous energy can be utilized to charge(3)It can be according to photovoltaic module(4) Circuit is automatically closed in collected ambient light illumination parameter, or opens circuit control and drive emitting led light source(2)It shines, to Realize the function of automatic light on and off round the clock.
Photovoltaic module(4)Shell can be removed(1)Outside, and using solar energy to multiple solar energy spike lamp centrally connected power supplies.
Charge storage element(5):
Charge storage element(5)It can be accumulator, such as Ni-MH battery, lithium battery, can also be chargeable capacitance, it is such as super Capacitance etc., preferably lithium battery.
Opal bead refractive body(6):
Opal bead refractive body(6)Can be more large volume of reflective cateye beades or more smaller size smallers Reflective cateye bead line up the molded part of array(Generally reflective cateye bead array plastic piece).It is described more substantially The diameter of long-pending reflective cateye bead is generally 160mm, and preferably diameter is in 13mm or so, with single for dot unit and with one Determining deviation is located at the side of railway spike, is single-row layout;The diameter of the reflective cateye bead of smaller size smaller is generally 2-4mm, excellent It selects diameter in 3mm or so, lines up array element with more and be arranged in the side of railway spike with strip and block, be multiple lines and multiple rows, array Shape can be with required design.The size of reflective cateye bead can be with required design, and length is changeable according to actual needs.
Opal bead refractive body(6)In reflective cateye bead, top be equipped with optically focused and translucent construction, bottom or Reflecting layer is pasted or coated or be electroplate in side, and the shape for meeting optics reflex reflection condition is formed with top, and concrete shape can With required design, preferred top or bottom are segment or class segment shape.
Opal bead refractive body(6)It is fixed by structure glue or the methods of supersonic thermal setting is attached to shell(1)On, or The preformed member of reflective cateye bead array chip is attached to shell by techniques such as quadric injection moulds(1)On, or by reflective cat Techniques are direct and railway spike shell by being once molded or pour into a mould etc. for eye bead(1)It is molded together.
Long-lasting phosphor(7):
Long-lasting phosphor(7)Belong to a kind of energy-saving luminous material, generally refers to long-afterglow luminescent powder or long-persistence luminous The mixture or hybrid process object of powder and transparent medium.Wherein machining object refers to long-afterglow luminescent powder and transparent medium mixing, warp It crosses and is heating and curing or reacts solidification or the molding by techniques such as injection molding, extrusions.
The long-afterglow luminescent powder used preferentially selects the alkaline earth aluminate salt or silicates for mixing rare earth of good luminous performance, Such as turn blue the Sr of green light4Al14O25Or the SrAl of jaundice green light2O4,Or both be mixed in a certain ratio;The transparent medium used is The media such as the good plastic resin of translucency, rubber or glass.
Long-lasting phosphor(7)It plays when excitation emitting led light source(2)Stop continuing luminous work by twilight sunset after shining With.
Long-lasting phosphor(7)Can be pointing object, tablet, block or other assemblys etc., it can also be according to reality Border demand is voluntarily arranged;Generally layer structure is preferably made to sheet material or plank rigid or flexible.
Sometimes, long-lasting phosphor(7)Directly encapsulate or be mounted on emitting led light source(2)Top, serve as point light source. Such as:The direct insertion LED of pin package puts on the shell of a bottom opening made of long after glow luminous material.
Encapsulating material(8):
Encapsulating material(8)It is metalwork or plastic part or rubber parts or, various resins or various trees for encapsulating railway spike The mixture etc. of fat and filler can be specifically packaging plastic, fastener, sealing element(Such as sealing ring)Deng.Preferred package glue or Fastener(Screw screw hole etc.).
Wherein, packaging plastic is generally polyurethanes, epoxies, silica type etc..When packaged, packaging plastic be generally in a liquid state or Molten state or jelly can pass through the curing moldings such as heating, reaction.Packaging plastic has transparent or nontransparent;Wherein transparent envelope Filling glue has light transmission function, is generally filled between each component, also has the effects that fixed, filling, waterproof;Nontransparent encapsulation Glue is generally encapsulated in the outer layer of transparent encapsulation material, primarily serves contrast, sealing, waterproof and fixing piece or material is fixed on road surface In conjunction with effect, filler or pigment can be added, also act as reflection action.It according to actual needs can be all with transparent enclosure glue Encapsulation can also be encapsulated all with nontransparent packaging plastic, can also the two combined use.
The major advantage of the utility model is:
1, the light reflection device using reflective cateye bead as railway spike:Due to anti-with resistance to compression with reflective cateye bead The advantages that performance is good, uv resistance can be good, anti-aging property is good is hit, therefore uses bead type reflecting material as the anti-of railway spike Optical device helps to improve the durability of railway spike light reflection device, to extend the service life of railway spike entirety;
2, railway spike shell structure is redesigned, and light reflection device and luminescent device is laid out again(Change Become the combination of existing solar energy spike light reflection device and luminescent device):A, railway spike shell can be truncated cone and class platform shape Simultaneously emitting led light source is arranged to meta position between the reflective cateye bead of its side in body, to be reflective cateye bead road Nail increases actively luminous function, and increases railway spike in the luminous of road surface parallel direction, reflecting angle, and can be further Ensure compression strength, especially larger opal bead can ensure it is light-emitting LED be not readily susceptible to destroy, and bottom is also It can be equipped with the downward column-shaped projection with storage tank, when installation, the projection portion is embedded to road surface, rest part exposes road Face not only increases the firmness combined with road surface, and can provide more accommodating spaces for setting component;B, railway spike The part that shell exposes road surface can also form and be formed class step structure by up-small and down-big two truncated cones or class truncated cone, To not only ensure that resistance to compression, the crashworthiness of railway spike, but also national design specification is met for railway spike size(Such as height 25mm cannot be more than)Requirement, the height ratio of upper and lower two truncated cones or class truncated cone can also be set on demand and be respectively set Upper and lower two truncated cones or class truncated cone face and back to the side of vehicle traveling direction inclination angle size(Both with the angle on road surface 0°<θ<90º), and then adjust railway spike road surface vertical direction light emitting angle and shine, reflective area ratio, with meet it is each shine, The setting requirements of reflective component(Such as:Straw hat type LED lamp bead requires luminous principal direction and road direction of travel substantially parallel, Bead type reflecting material requires the reflex reflection direction of far lamp light and road direction of travel substantially parallel, and former capital is set where requiring The inclination angle for setting face is relatively large, and when railway spike setting long after glow luminous material, in order to increase the setting face of long after glow luminous material Product, it is desirable to which the inclination angle of place setting face is relatively small), and saved material cost;
3, emitting led light source can be arranged in railway spike case top, to increase light emitting angle and luminous visual angle;
4, railway spike shell faces and can be all or part of curved surface back to two opposite flanks of vehicle traveling direction, and Along above-mentioned curved surface be arranged reflective cateye bead array chip, to increase reflective cateye bead array chip setting area and The reflecting angle in road level direction, especially suitable for multilane(Broad way face).
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional view of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is a kind of explosion of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body of the embodiments of the present invention one Structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is a kind of solid of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body of the embodiments of the present invention one Schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is a kind of explosion of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body of the embodiments of the present invention two Structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is a kind of solid of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body of the embodiments of the present invention two Schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 is a kind of explosion of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body of the embodiments of the present invention three Structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is a kind of solid of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body of the embodiments of the present invention three Schematic diagram;
Fig. 9 is a kind of explosion of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body of the embodiments of the present invention four Structural schematic diagram;
Figure 10 is a kind of the vertical of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body of the embodiments of the present invention four Body schematic diagram;
Figure 11 is a kind of the quick-fried of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body of the embodiments of the present invention five Fried structural schematic diagram;
Figure 12 is a kind of the vertical of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body of the embodiments of the present invention five Body schematic diagram;
Figure 13 is a kind of the quick-fried of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body of the embodiments of the present invention six Fried structural schematic diagram;
Figure 14 is a kind of the vertical of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body of the embodiments of the present invention six Body schematic diagram;
Figure 15 is a kind of the quick-fried of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body of the embodiments of the present invention seven Fried structural schematic diagram;
Figure 16 is a kind of the vertical of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body of the embodiments of the present invention seven Body schematic diagram;
Figure 17 is a kind of the quick-fried of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body of the embodiments of the present invention eight Fried structural schematic diagram;
Figure 18 is a kind of the vertical of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body of the embodiments of the present invention eight Body schematic diagram.
Specific implementation mode
It is described in conjunction with the accompanying the embodiments of the present invention.
Embodiment one
A kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body, including shell(110), emitting led light source(120)、 Control circuit(130), photovoltaic module(140), charge storage element(150), opal bead refractive body(160), long-lasting phosphor (170), encapsulating material, as shown in Figure 3,4.
Shell(110):
Shell(110)For PC resin is molding by two-shot process, partially transparent shell with bottom opening cavity Body is divide into upper part and lower part.
Wherein, shell(110)Top be transparent PC materials, smaller tetragonous stage body, be located at railway spike front and the back of the body Face(Face is distinguished when installation and back to road vehicle direction of travel)Side be equipped with oblique under shed groove, for be arranged hair Optic component.Shell(110)Lower part be yellow PC materials, larger class tetragonous stage body, be located at railway spike front and back Side be the curved surface outwardly protruded, and along curved surface be equipped with recess opening out, other two side bottom difference it is outside Extend a protruding portion for carrying mounting hole.Shell(110)The smaller truncated rectangular pyramids body in top is located at shell(110)Lower part is larger Class tetragonous stage body center of top and form class step structure, and shell(110)Top it is smaller truncated rectangular pyramids dignity pair and Inclination angle back to the side of road vehicle direction of travel is 30 °, shell(110)The larger class truncated rectangular pyramids dignity pair in lower part and back to The inclination angle of the side of road vehicle direction of travel is 70 °.
Emitting led light source(120):
Emitting led light source(120)For 2835 lamp bead of patch type blue light of SMD encapsulation, lines up linear array and be welded to bar shaped aluminium base On wiring board, transparent enclosure glue bond is used in combination to be fixed on long-lasting phosphor(170)Bottom surface on.
Control circuit(130):
Control circuit(130)For the single chip machine controlling circuit with rigid circuit board, by circuit respectively with light-emitting LED light Source(120), photovoltaic module(140)And charge storage element(150)It is connected, has the function of charge and discharge control and control emitting led light source (120)With the luminous simultaneously inspired long-lasting illuminator of the duty ratio interval in the period of 10s and 10%(170)Luminous function.
Control circuit(130)It is arranged in shell(110)Cavity in, and encapsulated by packaging plastic.
Photovoltaic module(140):
Photovoltaic module(140)It is viscous from railway spike bottom opening by transparent enclosure glue for prismatic single crystal silicon solar cell plate It closes and is fixed to railway spike shell(110)The lower section of the transparent top shell of the smaller tetragonous stage body in top.
Photovoltaic module(140)The function of illuminance transducer is also acted as, i.e.,:When ambient light illumination is more than 200LX, control electricity Road(130)Circuit is automatically closed;When ambient light illumination is less than 200LX, control circuit(130)Circuit is automatically turned on, drives and controls Emitting led light source processed(120)Interval shines and inspired long-lasting illuminator(170)It shines, to realize power generation on daytime, evening Luminous function.
Charge storage element(150):
Charge storage element(150)For lithium battery, it is arranged in shell(110)Cavity in, and encapsulated by packaging plastic.
Opal bead refractive body(160):
Opal bead refractive body(160)To pass through the reflective cateye bead array chip of Shooting Technique advance comprising(Often A diameter of about 3mm of a reflective cateye bead), pass through supersonic thermal setting to shell along curved surface(110)The larger class four in lower part In the groove of prismoid side.
Long-lasting phosphor(170):
Long-lasting phosphor(170)Cast cures simultaneously after being mixed with transparent epoxy resin for SrAl2O4 long-afterglow luminescent powders The rectangle rigid sheet of stripping forming, from railway spike shell(110)Bottom opening by transparent enclosure glue bond be fixed to shell Body(110)In the groove of the smaller oblique under shed in truncated rectangular pyramids side portion in top.
Encapsulating material:
Encapsulating material is epoxy packages glue, and seal is formed by curing from the bottom embedding of railway spike.
The solar energy spike of the reflective cateye bead of the present embodiment is typically mounted at the centre or both sides of road, passes through Screw and glue are fixed on road surface.Due to the light reflection device using reflective cateye bead array chip as railway spike, have anti- Impact-rolling, it is non-aging the advantages that, the durability of railway spike light reflection device is helped to improve, to extend the use of railway spike entirety Service life;And reflective cateye bead array chip is arranged along curved surface, then increases the setting area and reflecting angle of light reflection device.Again As a result of up-small and down-big folded tetragonous platform body structure and rationally setting railway spike face and back to vehicle traveling direction up and down The inclination angle of two truncated cone sides, to not only ensure that the resistance to compression anti-collision effect of railway spike, but also meet national design specification for Railway spike size(I.e. height cannot be more than 25mm)Requirement, also while to meet reflective cateye bead array chip requirement remote The reflex reflection direction of light and road direction of travel are substantially parallel, then need larger setting face inclination angle(70°), and long afterglow is sent out Body of light then needs smaller setting face inclination angle to increase setting area(30°)Setting requirements.And work as line fault or electronics When component damage, moreover it is possible to absorb ambient light by long after glow luminous material and afterglow provides inducing function.Therefore have Wide application prospect.
Embodiment two
A kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body, including shell(211)(212), emitting led light source (220), control circuit(230), photovoltaic module(240), charge storage element(250), opal bead refractive body(260), package material Material, as shown in Figure 5,6.
Shell(211)(212):
Shell by(211)、(212)Two parts form.
Wherein, shell(211)For all-transparent shell by secondary combination forming, with bottom opening cavity, it is divided into Upper and lower two parts.
Shell(211)Top be transparent PC resin by the molding smaller tetragonous stage body of Shooting Technique, be located at road The side of nail front and back is respectively equipped with the loophole that a row carries circular groove.Shell(211)Lower part be cast aluminium material Larger class tetragonous stage body, be located at railway spike front and back side be the curved surface outwardly protruded, and along curved surface be equipped with to The groove of outward opening.Shell(211)The smaller truncated rectangular pyramids body in top is located at shell(211)The top of the larger class tetragonous stage body in lower part Portion center simultaneously forms class step structure, and shell(210)Top it is smaller truncated rectangular pyramids dignity pair and back to road vehicle advance The inclination angle of the side in direction is 35 °, shell(210)The larger class truncated rectangular pyramids dignity pair in lower part and back to road vehicle direction of travel Side inclination angle be 80 °.
Shell(212)For the installation foot with bottom plate, it is screwed in shell(211)Bottom.
Emitting led light source(220):
Emitting led light source(220)For the straw hat formula white light F3 lamp beads of pin package, seniority among brothers and sisters linear array is welded to bar shaped aluminium base line On the plate of road, it is used in combination and agrees with structure(Such as concaveconvex structure)It is fixed on shell(211)The circle in the smaller truncated rectangular pyramids side in top portion is recessed In slot, and its principal direction that shines is substantially parallel with road surface.
Control circuit(230):
Control circuit(230)For the single chip machine controlling circuit with rigid circuit board, by circuit respectively with light-emitting LED light Source(220), photovoltaic module(240), charge storage element(250)Be connected with illuminance transducer, have the function of charge and discharge control and according to The extraneous illumination that illuminance transducer senses drives and controls emitting led light source(220)It shines(I.e. when illumination inductor senses When ambient light illumination is more than 100LX, control circuit(230)Circuit is automatically closed;When illumination inductor senses that ambient light illumination is less than When 100LX, control circuit(230)Circuit is automatically turned on, drives and controls emitting led light source(220)Continuous illumination)Function.
Control circuit(230)It is arranged in shell(211)Cavity in, and encapsulated by packaging plastic.
Photovoltaic module(240):
Photovoltaic module(240)It is viscous from railway spike bottom opening by transparent enclosure glue for square polysilicon silicon solar cell plate It closes and is fixed to railway spike shell(211)The lower section of the transparent top shell of the smaller tetragonous stage body in top.
Charge storage element(250):
Charge storage element(250)For Ni-MH battery, it is arranged in shell(211)Cavity in, and encapsulated by packaging plastic.
Opal bead refractive body(260):
Opal bead refractive body(260)To pass through the reflective cateye bead array chip of Shooting Technique advance comprising(Often A diameter of about 2.5mm of a reflective cateye bead), shell is adhesively secured to by structure glue along curved surface(211)Lower part is larger Class truncated rectangular pyramids side portion groove in.
Encapsulating material:
Encapsulating material is PU packaging plastics, and seal is formed by curing from the bottom embedding of railway spike.
The solar energy spike of the reflective cateye bead of the present embodiment is typically mounted at the centre or both sides of road, installation When, installation foot is embedded to road surface, the rest part of railway spike exposes road surface, therefore is combined more secured with road surface.Due to using anti- Light reflection device of the light opal bead array chip as railway spike, has many advantages, such as that shock resistance rolls, is non-aging, helps to improve The durability of railway spike light reflection device, to extend the service life of railway spike entirety;And reflective cateye bead array chip is along curved surface Setting, then increase the setting area and reflecting angle of light reflection device.Again as a result of up-small and down-big folded tetragonous stage body knot Structure and rationally setting railway spike face and back to two truncated cone sides up and down of vehicle traveling direction inclination angle, to both ensure that The resistance to compression anti-collision effect of railway spike, and national design specification is met for railway spike size(I.e. height cannot be more than 25mm)'s It is required that the reflex reflection direction for also meeting reflective cateye bead array chip requirement far lamp light is substantially put down with road direction of travel Row, then need larger setting face inclination angle(80°)Setting requirements.It can also automatically be opened by illuminance transducer induced environment illumination Open or close lighting function.Therefore it has broad application prospects.
Embodiment three
A kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body, including shell(310), emitting led light source(320)、 Control circuit(330), photovoltaic module(340), charge storage element(350), opal bead refractive body(360), encapsulating material, such as scheme 7, shown in 8.
Shell(310):
Shell(310)For partial light permeability shell by secondary combination forming, with bottom opening cavity, it is divided into up and down Two parts.
Wherein, shell(310)Top be transparent PC resin pass through the molding smaller round estrade of Shooting Technique, side Equally spacedly respectively to equipped with the loophole with circular groove.Shell(310)Lower part be yellow PC resin pass through Shooting Technique Molding larger class tetragonous stage body is located at the side of railway spike front and back for curved surface, there is reflective quadric injection mould on curved surface The bottom of opal bead array chip, other two side extends outward a protruding portion for carrying mounting hole respectively.Shell (310)The smaller round estrade in top is adhesively fixed by structure glue in shell(310)The top of the larger class tetragonous stage body in lower part Center simultaneously forms class step structure, and shell(310)The inclination angle of the side of the smaller round estrade in top is 40 °, shell(310) The larger class truncated rectangular pyramids dignity pair in lower part and back to the inclination angle of the side of road vehicle direction of travel be 75 °.
Emitting led light source(320):
Emitting led light source(320)For the straw hat formula yellow light F3 lamp beads of pin package, from shell(310)Bottom opening it is logical It crosses buckle and is fixed to shell(310)In the circular groove of top round platform body side surface, and its luminous principal direction and road surface are substantially parallel.
Control circuit(330):
Control circuit(330)For the single chip machine controlling circuit with rigid circuit board, by circuit respectively with light-emitting LED light Source(320), photovoltaic module(340), charge storage element(350)And radar sensor be connected, have the function of charge and discharge control and according to Sensor sensing to external information drive and control emitting led light source(320)It shines(I.e. when ambient light illumination is more than 200LX, Control circuit(330)Circuit is automatically closed;When ambient light illumination is less than 200LX, then when radar sensor does not incude nearby to having When vehicle or people move, control circuit(330)Circuit is automatically closed, when radar sensor does not incude nearby to having vehicle or people to move When, control circuit(330)Circuit is automatically turned on, drives and controls emitting led light source(320)With the period of 1s and 20% duty It shines than interval)Function with the period of 1s and 20% duty ratio interval shine.
Control circuit(330)It is arranged in shell(310)Cavity in, and encapsulated by packaging plastic.
Photovoltaic module(340):
Photovoltaic module(340)It is viscous from railway spike bottom opening by transparent enclosure glue for prismatic single crystal silicon solar cell plate It closes and is fixed to railway spike shell(310)The lower section of the transparent top shell of the smaller round estrade in top.
Photovoltaic module(340)The function of illuminance transducer is also acted as, and its respective priority is more than and control circuit (330)The response priority of connected radar sensor.
Charge storage element(350):
Charge storage element(350)For super capacitor, it is arranged in shell(310)Cavity in, and encapsulated by packaging plastic.
Opal bead refractive body(360):
Opal bead refractive body(360)To pass through the reflective cateye bead array chip of Shooting Technique advance comprising(Often A diameter of about 2.8mm of a reflective cateye bead), and shell is attached to by quadric injection mould(310)Lower part is compared with major class tetragonous On the curved surface of stage body.
Encapsulating material:
Encapsulating material is epoxy packages glue, and seal is formed by curing from the bottom embedding of railway spike.
The solar energy spike of the reflective cateye bead of the present embodiment is typically mounted at the centre or both sides of road, passes through Screw and glue are fixed on road surface.Due to the light reflection device using reflective cateye bead array chip as railway spike, have anti- Impact-rolling, it is non-aging the advantages that, help to improve the durability of railway spike light reflection device, to extend railway spike use the longevity Life;And reflective cateye bead array chip is arranged along curved surface, then increases the setting area and reflecting angle of light reflection device.And by In using up-small and down-big folded truncated cone structure and rationally setting railway spike faces and back to two up and down of vehicle traveling direction The inclination angle of truncated cone side to not only ensure that the resistance to compression anti-collision effect of railway spike, but also meets national design specification for railway spike Size(I.e. height cannot be more than 25mm)Requirement, also meet the inverse of reflective cateye bead array chip requirement far lamp light Reflection direction and road direction of travel are substantially parallel, then need larger setting face inclination angle(75°)Setting requirements.It can also pass through Radar sensor etc. incudes external information and automatically turns on or close lighting function, shines more intelligent, power consumption is lower.And its have it is more To luminous feature, the road especially suitable for pavement.Therefore it has broad application prospects.
Example IV
A kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body, including shell(410), emitting led light source(420)、 Control circuit(430), photovoltaic module(440), charge storage element(450), opal bead refractive body(460), long-lasting phosphor (470), encapsulating material, as shown in Figures 9 and 10.
Shell(410):
Shell(410)For partial light permeability shell by secondary combination forming, with bottom opening cavity, it is divided into up and down Two parts.
Wherein, shell(410)Top be transparent PC resin pass through the molding smaller tetragonous stage body of Shooting Technique, position It is equipped with the groove of oblique under shed in the side of railway spike front and back, for light emitting component to be arranged.Shell(410)Lower part For the larger class round estrade of cast aluminium material, side is equally spacedly equipped with the circular groove of outward opening.Shell(410)Top Smaller tetragonous stage body is screwed in shell(410)The center of top of the larger round estrade in lower part and to form class ladder-like Structure, screw fixing hole packaging plastic are encapsulated to reinforce waterproof effect and reinforcement structure fastness.And shell(410)Top is smaller Truncated rectangular pyramids dignity pair and back to the side of road vehicle direction of travel inclination angle be 45 °, shell(410)The larger round estrade in lower part Side inclination angle be 75 °.
Emitting led light source(420):
Emitting led light source(420)For 2835 lamp bead of patch type purple light of SMD encapsulation, lines up linear array and be welded to bar shaped aluminium base On wiring board, transparent enclosure glue bond is used in combination to be fixed on long-lasting phosphor(470)Bottom surface on.
Control circuit(430):
Control circuit(430)For the single chip machine controlling circuit with rigid circuit board, by circuit respectively with light-emitting LED light Source(420), photovoltaic module(440)And charge storage element(450)It is connected, have the function of charge and discharge control and drives and control luminous LED light source(420)With the luminous function of the duty ratio interval in the period of 10s and 5%.
Control circuit(430)It is arranged in shell(410)Cavity in, and encapsulated by packaging plastic.
Photovoltaic module(440):
Photovoltaic module(440)It is viscous from railway spike bottom opening by transparent enclosure glue for square polysilicon silicon solar cell plate It closes and is fixed to railway spike shell(410)The lower section of the smaller transparent top shell of tetragonous stage body in top.
Photovoltaic module(440)Also act as the function of illuminance transducer, i.e., when ambient light illumination is more than 250LX, control electricity Road(430)Circuit is automatically closed, when ambient light illumination is less than 250LX, control circuit(430)Circuit is automatically turned on, drives and controls Emitting led light source processed(420)Interval shines and inspired long-lasting illuminator(470)It shines, to realize power generation on daytime, evening Luminous function.
Charge storage element(450):
Charge storage element(450)For lithium battery, it is arranged in shell(410)Cavity in, and encapsulated by packaging plastic.
Opal bead refractive body(460):
Opal bead refractive body(460)For the reflective cateye bead of diameter 1.3cm, height 1.8cm, pass through glue respectively Hydropexis is in shell(410)In each circular groove of lower part.
Long-lasting phosphor(470):
Long-lasting phosphor(470)Cast cures simultaneously after being mixed with transparent epoxy resin for SrAl2O4 long-afterglow luminescent powders The rectangle rigid sheet of stripping forming, from railway spike shell(410)Bottom opening by transparent enclosure glue bond be fixed to shell Body(410)In the groove of the smaller oblique under shed in truncated rectangular pyramids side portion in top.
Encapsulating material:
Encapsulating material is PU packaging plastics, and seal is formed by curing from the bottom embedding of railway spike.
The solar energy spike of the reflective cateye bead of the present embodiment is typically mounted at the centre or both sides of road, passes through Glue is fixed on road surface.Due to the light reflection device using reflective cateye bead as railway spike, there is shock resistance to roll, be not easy The advantages that aging, helps to improve the durability of railway spike light reflection device, to extend the service life of railway spike entirety.Again due to adopting With up-small and down-big folded truncated cone structure and rationally setting railway spike face and back to vehicle traveling direction two platform shapes up and down The inclination angle of body side surface to not only ensure that the resistance to compression anti-collision effect of railway spike, but also meets national design specification for road nail dimension Size(I.e. height cannot be more than 25mm)Requirement, also at the same meet the inverse of reflective cateye bead array chip requirement far lamp light Reflection direction and road direction of travel are substantially parallel, then need larger setting face inclination angle(75°), and long-lasting phosphor in order to Increase setting area, then needs smaller setting face inclination angle(45°)Setting requirements.And when line fault or electronic component are damaged Bad when, moreover it is possible to ambient light be absorbed by long after glow luminous material and afterglow provides inducing function.And it also has multidirectional Reflective feature, the occasion especially suitable for square, fork in the road, crossroad.Therefore it has broad application prospects.
Embodiment five
A kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body, including shell(511), emitting led light source(520)、 Control circuit(530), photovoltaic module(540), charge storage element(550), opal bead refractive body(560), long-lasting phosphor (570), encapsulating material, as shown in Figure 11,12.
Shell(511):
Shell(511)For by PC resin by secondary injection molding, partial light permeability shell with bottom opening cavity Body is divide into upper part and lower part.
Wherein, shell(511)Top be transparent PC resin, smaller tetragonous stage body, be located at railway spike front and the back of the body The side in face is equipped with the groove of oblique under shed, for light emitting component to be arranged.Shell(511)Lower part be red PC resin , larger class round estrade, side be respectively provided on the front and back direction of railway spike 3 close openings for lining up linear array to Outer circular groove is equipped with the circular groove of the outward opening of 6 dispersion arrangements on remaining direction of railway spike.Shell(511) The smaller truncated rectangular pyramids body in top is located at shell(511)The center of top of the larger round estrade in lower part simultaneously forms class step structure, And shell(511)Top it is smaller truncated rectangular pyramids dignity pair and back to the side of road vehicle direction of travel inclination angle be 40 °, shell Body(511)The inclination angle of the side of the larger round estrade in lower part is 70 °.
Emitting led light source(520):
Emitting led light source(520)For 2835 lamp bead of patch type ultraviolet light of SMD encapsulation, lines up linear array and be welded to bar shaped aluminium On base circuit board, transparent enclosure glue bond is used in combination to be fixed on long-lasting phosphor(570)Bottom surface on.
Control circuit(530):
Control circuit(530)For the single chip machine controlling circuit with rigid circuit board, by circuit respectively with light-emitting LED light Source(520), photovoltaic module(540)And charge storage element(550)It is connected, have the function of charge and discharge control and drives and control luminous LED light source(520)With the luminous function of the duty ratio interval in the period of 20s and 10%.
Control circuit(530)It is arranged in shell(511)Cavity in, and encapsulated by packaging plastic.
Photovoltaic module(540):
Photovoltaic module(540)It is viscous from railway spike bottom opening by transparent enclosure glue for prismatic single crystal silicon solar cell plate It closes and is fixed to railway spike shell(511)The lower section of the smaller transparent top shell of tetragonous stage body in top.
Photovoltaic module(540)Also act as the function of illuminance transducer, i.e., when ambient light illumination is more than 220LX, control electricity Road(530)Circuit is automatically closed, when ambient light illumination is less than 220LX, control circuit (530)Circuit is automatically turned on, drives and controls Emitting led light source processed(520)Interval shines and inspired long-lasting illuminator(570)It shines, to realize power generation on daytime, evening Luminous function.
Charge storage element(550):
Charge storage element(550)For Ni-MH battery, it is arranged in shell(511)Cavity in, and encapsulated by packaging plastic.
Opal bead refractive body(560):
Opal bead refractive body(560)For the reflective cateye bead of diameter 1.2cm, height 1.6cm, pass through glue respectively Hydropexis is in shell(511)In each circular groove of lower part.
Long-lasting phosphor(570):
Long-lasting phosphor(570)Cast cures simultaneously after being mixed with transparent epoxy resin for SrAl2O4 long-afterglow luminescent powders The rectangle rigid sheet of stripping forming, from railway spike shell(511)Bottom opening by transparent enclosure glue bond be fixed to shell Body(511)In the groove of the smaller oblique under shed in truncated rectangular pyramids side portion in top.
Encapsulating material:
Encapsulating material is epoxy packages glue, and seal is formed by curing from the bottom embedding of railway spike.
The solar energy spike of the reflective cateye bead of the present embodiment is typically mounted at the centre or both sides of road, passes through Glue is fixed on road surface.Due to the light reflection device using reflective cateye bead as railway spike, there is shock resistance to roll, be not easy The advantages that aging, helps to improve the durability of railway spike light reflection device, to extend the service life of railway spike entirety.Again due to adopting With up-small and down-big folded truncated cone structure and rationally setting railway spike face and back to vehicle traveling direction two platform shapes up and down The inclination angle of body side surface to not only ensure that the resistance to compression anti-collision effect of railway spike, but also meets national design specification for road nail dimension Size(I.e. height cannot be more than 25mm)Requirement, also at the same meet the inverse of reflective cateye bead array chip requirement far lamp light Reflection direction and road direction of travel are substantially parallel, then need larger setting face inclination angle(70°), and long-lasting phosphor in order to Increase setting area, then needs smaller setting face inclination angle(40°)Setting requirements.And when line fault or electronic component are damaged Bad when, moreover it is possible to ambient light be absorbed by long after glow luminous material and afterglow provides inducing function.It also has multidirectional reflective The characteristics of, and due to being equipped with more reflective cateye bead on the Main way that vehicle is advanced, in time that vehicle is advanced It wants direction to be equipped with less reflective cateye bead, therefore not only ensure that it is reflective on the Main way that vehicle is advanced Performance, has also taken into account its reflective function in the minor direction that vehicle is advanced, and can according to condition of road surface adaptation to local conditions, flexibly Setting, the occasion especially suitable for square, fork in the road, crossroad.Therefore it has broad application prospects.
Embodiment six
A kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body, including shell(610), emitting led light source(620)、 Control circuit(630), photovoltaic module(640), charge storage element(650), opal bead refractive body(660), encapsulating material, such as scheme 13, shown in 14.
Shell(610):
Shell(610)For transparent PC resin is molding by Shooting Technique, all-transparent shell with bottom opening cavity.
Shell(610)In class tetragonous stage body, the side for being located at railway spike front and back is respectively provided with equipped with 3 equidistant arrangements Straight circular through hole, be equipped with to meta position between described 3 circular through holes 2 it is rectangular with oblique down-open recess The bottom of light window, other two side extends outward a protruding portion for carrying mounting hole respectively.
Emitting led light source(620):
Emitting led light source(620)For 2835 lamp bead of patch type yellow light of SMD encapsulation, lines up array and be welded to rectangular aluminium base On wiring board, and it is fixed by snap in shell(610)In the oblique down-open recess of side.
Control circuit(630):
Control circuit(630)For the single chip machine controlling circuit with rigid circuit board, by circuit respectively with light-emitting LED light Source(620), photovoltaic module(640)And charge storage element(650)It is connected, have the function of charge and discharge control and drives and control luminous LED light source(620)With the luminous function of the duty ratio interval in the period of 0.75s and 10%.
Control circuit(630)It is arranged in shell(610)Cavity in, and encapsulated by packaging plastic.
Photovoltaic module(640):
Photovoltaic module(640)It is viscous from railway spike bottom opening by transparent enclosure glue for square polysilicon silicon solar cell plate It closes and is fixed to railway spike shell(610)The lower section of transparent top shell.
Photovoltaic module(640)Also act as the function of illuminance transducer, i.e., when ambient light illumination is more than 300LX, control electricity Road(630)Circuit is automatically closed, when ambient light illumination is less than 300LX, control circuit(630)Circuit is automatically turned on, drives and controls Emitting led light source processed(620)Interval shines, to realize the function of power generation on daytime, glowing at night.
Charge storage element(650):
Charge storage element(650)For super capacitor, it is arranged in shell(610)Cavity in, and encapsulated by packaging plastic.
Opal bead refractive body(660):
Opal bead refractive body(660)For the reflective cateye bead of diameter 1.3cm, height 1.5cm, pass through structure glue It is adhesively fixed in shell(610)In the circular through hole of side.
Encapsulating material:
Encapsulating material is PU packaging plastics, and seal is formed by curing from the bottom embedding of railway spike.
The solar energy spike of the reflective cateye bead of the present embodiment is typically mounted at the centre or both sides of road, passes through Screw and glue are fixed on road surface.Due to the light reflection device using reflective cateye bead as railway spike, there is shock resistance to grind The advantages that pressing, is non-aging, helps to improve the durability of railway spike light reflection device, to extend the service life of railway spike.And have Have the advantages that it is luminous it is soft, make it is simple.Therefore it has broad application prospects.
Embodiment seven
A kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body, including shell(710), emitting led light source(720)、 Control circuit(730), photovoltaic module(740), charge storage element(750), opal bead refractive body(760), encapsulating material, such as scheme 15, shown in 16.
Shell(710):
Shell(710)For transparent PC resin is molding by Shooting Technique, all-transparent shell with bottom opening cavity.
Shell(710)In class tetragonous stage body, the side for being located at railway spike front and back is respectively provided with equipped with 3 equidistant arrangements Straight circular through hole is equipped with to meta position 2 loopholes for carrying circular groove between described 3 circular through holes, remaining The bottom of two sides extends outward a protruding portion for carrying mounting hole respectively.
Emitting led light source(720):
Emitting led light source(720)For the straw hat formula yellow light F4 lamp beads of pin package, from shell(710)Bottom opening it is logical It crosses buckle and is fixed to shell(710)In the circular groove of side, and its luminous principal direction and road surface are substantially parallel.
Control circuit(730):
Control circuit(730)For the single chip machine controlling circuit with rigid circuit board, by circuit respectively with light-emitting LED light Source(720), photovoltaic module(740)And charge storage element(750)It is connected, have the function of charge and discharge control and drives and control luminous LED light source(720)With the luminous function of the duty ratio interval in the period of 0.75s and 15%.
Control circuit(730)It is arranged in shell(710)Cavity in, and encapsulated by packaging plastic.
Photovoltaic module(740):
Photovoltaic module(740)It is viscous from railway spike bottom opening by transparent enclosure glue for prismatic single crystal silicon solar cell plate It closes and is fixed to railway spike shell(710)The lower section of transparent top shell.
Photovoltaic module(740)Also act as the function of illuminance transducer, i.e., when ambient light illumination is more than 200LX, control electricity Road(730)Circuit is automatically closed, when ambient light illumination is less than 200LX, control circuit(730)Circuit is automatically turned on, drives and controls Emitting led light source processed(720)Interval shines, to realize the function of power generation on daytime, glowing at night.
Charge storage element(750):
Charge storage element(750)For lithium battery, it is arranged in shell(710)Cavity in, and encapsulated by packaging plastic.
Opal bead refractive body(760):
Opal bead refractive body(760)For the reflective cateye bead of diameter 1.3cm, height 1.6cm, pass through structure glue It is adhesively fixed in shell(710)In the circular through hole of side.
Encapsulating material:
Encapsulating material is epoxy packages glue, and seal is formed by curing from the bottom embedding of railway spike.
The solar energy spike of the reflective cateye bead of the present embodiment is typically mounted at the centre or both sides of road, passes through Screw and glue are fixed on road surface.Due to the light reflection device using reflective cateye bead as railway spike, there is shock resistance to grind The advantages that pressing, is non-aging, helps to improve the durability of railway spike light reflection device, to extend the service life of railway spike.And have Have the advantages that it is luminous it is soft, make it is simple.Therefore it has broad application prospects.
Embodiment one
A kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body, including shell(810), emitting led light source(820)、 Control circuit(830), photovoltaic module(840), charge storage element(850), opal bead refractive body(860), long-lasting phosphor (870), encapsulating material, as shown in Figure 17,18.
Shell(810):
Shell(810)For ABS resin is molding by two-shot process, partially transparent shell with bottom opening cavity Body is divide into upper part and lower part.
Wherein, shell(810)Top be transparent ABS material, smaller tetragonous stage body, be located at railway spike front and the back of the body Face(Face is distinguished when installation and back to road vehicle direction of travel)Side be equipped with oblique under shed groove, for be arranged hair Optic component.Shell(810)Lower part be yellow ABS materials, larger tetragonous stage body, be located at railway spike front and back Side is equipped with recess opening out, and the bottom of other two side extends outward a protrusion for carrying mounting hole respectively Portion.Shell(810)The smaller truncated rectangular pyramids body in top is located at shell(810)The center of top of the larger tetragonous stage body in lower part and formation Class step structure, and shell(810)The smaller truncated rectangular pyramids dignity pair in top and back to the side of road vehicle direction of travel Inclination angle is 35 °, shell(810)The larger class truncated rectangular pyramids dignity pair in lower part and the inclination angle back to the side of road vehicle direction of travel It is 80 °.
Emitting led light source(820):
Emitting led light source(820)For 2835 lamp bead of patch type purple light of SMD encapsulation, lines up linear array and be welded to bar shaped aluminium base On wiring board, transparent enclosure glue bond is used in combination to be fixed on long-lasting phosphor(870)Bottom surface on.
Control circuit(830):
Control circuit(830)For the single chip machine controlling circuit with rigid circuit board, by circuit respectively with light-emitting LED light Source(820), photovoltaic module(840)And charge storage element(850)It is connected, has the function of charge and discharge control and control emitting led light source (820)With the luminous simultaneously inspired long-lasting illuminator of the duty ratio interval in the period of 15s and 10%(870)Luminous function.
Control circuit(830)It is arranged in shell(810)Cavity in, and encapsulated by packaging plastic.
Photovoltaic module(840):
Photovoltaic module(840)It is viscous from railway spike bottom opening by transparent enclosure glue for prismatic single crystal silicon solar cell plate It closes and is fixed to railway spike shell(810)The lower section of the transparent top shell of the smaller tetragonous stage body in top.
Photovoltaic module(840)The function of illuminance transducer is also acted as, i.e.,:When ambient light illumination is more than 200LX, control electricity Road(830)Circuit is automatically closed;When ambient light illumination is less than 200LX, control circuit(830)Circuit is automatically turned on, drives and controls Emitting led light source processed(820)Interval shines and inspired long-lasting illuminator(870)It shines, to realize power generation on daytime, evening Luminous function.
Charge storage element(850):
Charge storage element(850)For lithium battery, it is arranged in shell(810)Cavity in, and encapsulated by packaging plastic.
Opal bead refractive body(860):
Opal bead refractive body(860)To pass through 43 reflective cateye bead array chips of Shooting Technique advance comprising (A diameter of about 2.8mm of each reflective cateye bead), pass through supersonic thermal setting to shell(810)The larger truncated rectangular pyramids in lower part In the groove in side portion.
Long-lasting phosphor(870):
Long-lasting phosphor(870)Cast cures simultaneously after being mixed with transparent epoxy resin for SrAl2O4 long-afterglow luminescent powders The rectangle rigid sheet of stripping forming, from railway spike shell(810)Bottom opening by transparent enclosure glue bond be fixed to shell Body(810)In the groove of the smaller oblique under shed in truncated rectangular pyramids side portion in top.
Encapsulating material:
Encapsulating material is PU packaging plastics, and seal is formed by curing from the bottom embedding of railway spike.
The solar energy spike of the reflective cateye bead of the present embodiment is typically mounted at the centre or both sides of road, passes through Screw and glue are fixed on road surface.Due to the light reflection device using 43 reflective cateye bead array chips as railway spike, have The advantages that shock resistance rolls, is non-aging helps to improve the durability of railway spike light reflection device, and to extend, railway spike is whole to be made Use the service life.Railway spike as a result of up-small and down-big folded tetragonous platform body structure and is rationally arranged again to face and back to vehicle traveling side To two truncated cone sides up and down inclination angle, to not only ensure that the resistance to compression anti-collision effect of railway spike, but also meet national design Specification is for railway spike size(I.e. height cannot be more than 25mm)Requirement, also at the same meet reflective cateye bead array Piece requires the reflex reflection direction of far lamp light and road direction of travel substantially parallel, then needs larger setting face inclination angle(80°), and Long-lasting phosphor then needs smaller setting face inclination angle to increase setting area(35°)Setting requirements.And when circuit event When barrier or electronic component damage, moreover it is possible to absorb ambient light by long after glow luminous material and afterglow provides inducing function. Therefore it has broad application prospects.
The foregoing is merely the preferred versions of the utility model, are not intended to limit the utility model, all in this reality Within novel spirit and principle, made by various modifications or changes, combination or superposition, equivalent replacement etc., or by this skill Art is applied to related and similar techniques field, should be included in the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (13)

1. a kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body, including shell(1), emitting led light source(2), control electricity Road(3), photovoltaic module(4), charge storage element(5);The shell(1)For with cavity and hole or groove or supporting member The light penetrating object or partial light permeability body of one of them, and in shell(1)Top be equipped with optical transmission window or in shell(1)Top and Side is respectively equipped with optical transmission window;Photovoltaic module(4)It is located at shell(1)Light-transmission top beneath window, emitting led light source(2)If In shell(1)In hole or groove or cavity below optical transmission window or in supporting member, emitting led light source(2), photovoltaic module (4), charge storage element(5)Pass through circuit and control circuit respectively(3)It is connected, shell(1)Pass through encapsulating material(8)Light-emitting LED Light source(2), control circuit(3), photovoltaic module(4), charge storage element(5)It is combined as a whole;It is characterized in that:The shell (1)Opal bead refractive body is equipped in the hole or groove or cavity of side(6);The control circuit(3)It is filled to have Control of discharge function, and with driving and control emitting led light source(2)Continuous illumination or with the work(of certain period strobe light emission The control circuit of energy.
2. a kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Shell(1)For truncated cone:The shell(1)It is respectively equipped with cat in the hole or groove or cavity of at least two opposite side portions Eye bead refractive body(6), and in above-mentioned side in the hole or groove or cavity of at least one side or in supporting member Equipped with emitting led light source(2).
3. a kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Shell(1)For the assembly of the larger truncated cone of the smaller truncated cone in top and lower part, and two truncated cones up and down Side between be equipped with the step-like connection transition structure of class.
4. a kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:It is described Opal bead refractive body(6)For the reflective cateye bead as unit of single or the reflective cateye glass as unit of more Glass pearl array element, the emitting led light source(2)With opal bead refractive body(6)Along railway spike bottom surface horizontal direction meta position It is arranged in shell(1)In the hole or groove or cavity of side.
5. a kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:It is described Opal bead refractive body(6)For the reflective cateye bead array chip with loophole, in the loophole or light transmission Emitting led light source is equipped with below hole(2).
6. a kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body according to claim 2 or 4 or 5, feature exist In:The shell(1)Bottom be equipped with the downward column-shaped projection object with storage tank, control circuit is equipped in the storage tank (3)Or/and charge storage element(5).
7. a kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:It is described Shell(1)The side of the smaller truncated cone in top and the inclination angle of bottom surface are less than shell(1)The side of the larger truncated cone in lower part With the inclination angle of bottom surface.
8. a kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body according to claim 3 or 7, it is characterised in that: The shell(1)In the hole or groove or cavity of the smaller truncated cone side in top or supporting member is equipped with light-emitting LED light Source(2), shell(1)Opal bead refractive body is equipped in the hole or groove or cavity of the larger truncated cone side in lower part(6).
9. a kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, feature exist In:The shell(1)At least curved surface, the opal bead refractive body are all or part of there are two opposite flank(6) For reflective cateye bead array chip, and it is arranged in the shell along curved surface(1)The hole or groove or sky of side where curved surface Intracavitary.
10. a kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, feature exist In:The shell(1)In the hole or groove or cavity at top or supporting member is equipped with emitting led light source(2).
11. a kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, feature exist In:Some or all of described emitting led light source(2)Top or luminous principal direction in front of be equipped with long-lasting phosphor(7), this When, the control circuit(3)To have control emitting led light source(2)It shines and excites with some cycles and duty ratio interval Long-lasting phosphor(7)The control circuit of luminous function.
12. a kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, feature exist In:The part emitting led light source(2)Top or luminous principal direction in front of be equipped with long-lasting phosphor(7), at this point, institute The emitting led light source stated(2)For the combination of the emitting led light source of different luminous dominant wavelengths.
13. a kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, feature exist In:The shell(1)Bottom or surrounding be equipped with installation fixed structure.
CN201820095263.9U 2018-01-20 2018-01-20 A kind of solar energy spike with opal bead refractive body Active CN207793926U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019091470A1 (en) * 2017-11-11 2019-05-16 方显峰 Double elevation angle compound configuration spike

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019091470A1 (en) * 2017-11-11 2019-05-16 方显峰 Double elevation angle compound configuration spike

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