CN207376499U - A kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light - Google Patents

A kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light Download PDF

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CN207376499U
CN207376499U CN201721380904.7U CN201721380904U CN207376499U CN 207376499 U CN207376499 U CN 207376499U CN 201721380904 U CN201721380904 U CN 201721380904U CN 207376499 U CN207376499 U CN 207376499U
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light source
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led light
control circuit
housing
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方显峰
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方显峰
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Abstract

Solar energy luminous spike nail light, LED light source(2), charge storage element(4), photovoltaic device(5)Pass through circuit and control circuit respectively(3)It is connected;Housing(1)Pass through encapsulating material(6)By LED light source(2), control circuit(3), charge storage element(4), photovoltaic device(5)It is packaged as a whole;The spike nail light is equipped with the LED light source to shine from inside to outside along optical transmission window at least below an optical transmission window(2).It can uninterruptedly shine on the basis of appropriate stroboscopic is ensured, not only ensure that the dynamic lighting effects of appropriate stroboscopic, but also reduced the counter productive of stroboscopic effect;By setting the LED of identical or different main light emission wavelength or packaged type respectively, spike nail light identification is improved;It is shone by gradual change and reduces glare effect.Due to the promotion of performance and the extension of function, road surface can be not only installed on, can be combined on other traffic safety facilitieses, it might even be possible to as energy saving luminous product, expand application field significantly.

Description

A kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light
Technical field
The utility model is related to traffic security protection clothing arts, and in particular to a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light.
Technical background
With being on the increase for social progress and the development of communication, particularly people's car ownership, Che Quan, people Power, right of way, which are disputed, becomes the current most prominent traffic crux of China, so as to propose new, higher want to traffic security protection mark It asks.
Railway spike is called protuberant guide post, as most widely used delineator in a kind of traffic security protection mark, is mostly installed at Among the graticule of road or among double amber lines, there is luminous or reflection function, guiding or work of warning are risen to automobile driver With.
Existing railway spike mainly includes two kinds of reflector and luminous railway spike, and luminous railway spike therein has lamp due to part Function, therefore the spike nail light that also referred to as shines.
Wherein, conventional traditional railway spike is mostly pure reflector, and this railway spike reflects traffic vehicle by reflecting material Light provides passive shine, it is impossible to break away from the dependence to car bulb, and can only motor vehicles be played with inducing action, therefore There is significant limitation in performance.
Luminous railway spike is mostly solar energy spike;Utilize photovoltaic device accumulation of energy on daytime;It comes when night, ambient lighting is low to one Determine automatic luminous during degree;Arrive when daytime, be automatically stopped when ambient lighting reaches a certain level luminous;And realize the mesh of economize on electricity 's.
Solar energy spike has the history in more than 20 years so far, and due to every country, each regional standard is different with requirement, therefore Its species is various.Solar energy spike lamp generally mainly shines along road surface parallel direction;Point there is single side shine solar energy from light-emitting surface Railway spike or double-side solar energy spike etc.;Dividing from mounting means has buried solar energy spike, convex type solar energy spike Deng;Dividing from material has plastic material solar energy spike, metal material solar energy spike, glass material solar energy spike, ceramics Material solar energy spike etc.;But so far, it is divided to only two classes from illumination mode:One kind is to be spaced the solar energy of power supply light emitting Railway spike, the solar energy spike of another kind of continuous power supply light emitting, the major defect difference of the two are as described below:
The solar energy spike of power supply light emitting is spaced, active light source luminous and extinguishing is alternately.Active light source does not have when extinguishing There are other elements to shine;Therefore, if the interval period extinguished is slightly long, will make one to be absorbed in dark and generate blindness phenomenon, from And bury accident potential.With regular situation illustratively:Assuming that an existing solar energy spike is with the cycle of 1s and 10% duty cycle Strobe light emission, then dark period of the spike nail light within the 1s cycles be up to 0.9s, at this time if there is an automobile with 100 kilometers per hour Speed traveling, then automobile will in a dark period travel 25m distance, this there will naturally be great security risk.And After the installation of this railway spike, install easily is led to the problem of between each railway spike on road surface shine it is nonsynchronous, so as to be caused not to human eye It is suitable.
For this purpose, some solar energy spikes used the high different flash patterns of minor cycle to shine come come when shortening the interval of extinguishing Section, so as to reduce above-mentioned security risk.But luminous railway spike is due to the frequency to pedestrian and non motorized vehicle driver in this mode It dodges effect and glare effect is apparent, and easily induce irritated mood, so as to cause traffic accident, therefore warning can only be used as, reminded Effect, application range are extremely limited.
The solar energy spike of continuous power supply light emitting, due to must be not less than in accordance with national associated luminance standard 2000Mcd/m2Luminosity continued power shine, therefore power consumption is relatively large, the continuous firing after single photovoltaic electric power storage Time is too short, and undercharge easily especially occurs in rainy days, further shortens continuous working period, practical application effect is very It is undesirable;Again because human eye is easier to notice dynamic effect, effect of warning is poor;And this solar energy spike Component is easily overheated and is damaged when continuing and worked with larger current.Due to above-mentioned various shortcoming, so this sun The application limitation of energy railway spike is also very big, can not use on a large scale.
Qinling Mountains No.1 tunnel major traffic accidents have occurred within 2017.Road where one of the main reason for accident is lures The performance deficiency of guiding systems.And important component of the railway spike as road inducible system, how existing railway spike is innovated Become the topic of transportation industry and public opinion concern quickly.
Recall history, it has been found that:The existing railway spike product of decades has been continued to use, although species is various, and these years Come also there are many on the patent application of solar energy spike and the improvement of product, but its development is only in non-core performance, it is such as outer Sight, shape, pressure-resistant performance, facilitate installation etc. to have the improvement of patch up at water resistance, and concerning active lighting function Deng security kernel performance on nearly more than two decades almost without innovation.Existing solar energy spike all uses straw hat lamp bead and with several Point light source is scattered to shine;LED is shone with solid color on single spike nail light;The light-emitting mode of railway spike is also only limitted to interval power supply It shines and continuous two kinds of power supply light emitting.And making rapid progress with present transport development, the trip mode of people and traffic theory Also many changes have occurred, such as:The vehicles are more and more diversified, and various different brackets, different traffics, difference stress The road of theory is on the increase, and particularly Urban landscape path, non-motorized lane, park green road, high-speed bicycle road etc. is new Type road continuously emerges, so as to propose new demand to various traffic guidance safety devices.And original solar energy luminous road Nail, the only angle from the illumination effect to automobile driver, seldom even without considering to other vehicles drivers With the traffic safety of pedestrian, cannot increasingly meet the Advanced Idea of Road Development and higher demand for security, be to When transformation and innovation.
Particularly in the past to solar energy spike all only from the angle of product itself, and seldom consider to drive on road The influence of the person's of sailing physiology and psychological factor to traffic safety, and without considering other vehicles and pedestrian etc. physiology and psychology because Influence of the element to traffic safety, therefore there are major safety risks.
In conclusion solar energy spike should meet traffic design specification(Such as ensure that minimum brightness, single photovoltaic electric power storage are held The limitations such as continuous working time, size), consider that industry manufacturing technology level is limited again(Such as the power generation of solar energy photovoltaic panel Efficiency limits, battery capacity limits and circuit power consumption limits), practicability and economy are also considered, in limited road Follow closely shell space in, all multicomponent devices are installed, are allowed to not only ensure certain stroboscopic dynamic lighting effects, but can continuous illumination, So as to existing long-range induction, warning function, and there is short range assisting lighting function, to realize to motor vehicle, non-motor vehicle driver With all standing service of pedestrian, and the influence of the physiology and psychological factor of people to traffic safety, Reasonable Regulation And Control LED light are considered The fluctuation depth in source and stroboscopic index, improve the comfort level to human eye, and especially automobile driver is carried under the conditions of amblyopia feel For speed sense, distance perspective, direction feeling(Direction, position), moreover it is possible to promote railway spike by using the combination of various emission wavelength LED Identification, provide fixed object of reference by afterglow when lamp goes out and designed by actual road conditions requirement with different clothes Business object is the product of emphasis, the purpose enhanced road safety is finally reached, into urgent problem to be solved in the industry.
Utility model content
Since railway spike has the restriction of many preposition design conditions, thus the relatively common luminous product of design difficulty has geometry The raising of rank, the technical solution that some seem feasible is highly effective in other luminous products, but on solar energy spike But can not be realized due to the restriction of many factors.To solve the above-mentioned problems, we are considered on product itself and road Influence of the physiology and psychological factor of pedestrian to traffic safety, by exploration for many years and substantial amounts of simulated experiment, field test, Propose the setting structure of new LED and its connection scheme with control circuit, preferably the LED of new packaged type, and Innovated light-emitting control method, it is proposed that a kind of dynamic lighting effects that both ensure that appropriate stroboscopic, with reach prompting, remind Inducing action, and reduce the counter productive of stroboscopic effect and ensure penetration range, the phase of light by relatively high luminosity Auxiliary light emission effect is ensured to low luminosity, i.e., by the fluctuation depth and stroboscopic index of Reasonable Regulation And Control LED light source to divide Different road conditions, the automobile driver of different traffic carriers or non-motor vehicle driver or pedestrian are not adapted to, and with economize on electricity effect The solar energy luminous spike nail light of uninterrupted lighting function under fruit.
The utility model a, by different position or different light emitting angle or different main light emission wavelength or different encapsulation sides The LED of formula is respectively adopted different control methods and carries out rational parameter setting, is increasing the premise of energy consumption and cost on a small quantity Under, the light-emitting mode of railway spike has been innovated, can uninterruptedly have been shone on the basis of appropriate strobe light emission effect is ensured, so that road Whole the shining of nail lamp obtains balance between stroboscopic dynamic lighting effects and stroboscopic effect, i.e., under appropriate strobe effect, To obtaining balance between the identification and comfort level of human eye, so as to take into account the physiological reaction of people and psychoreaction to traffic safety It influences, further improves traffic safety;And long-range induction, warning function and short range assisting lighting function are had both, it realizes to machine The all standing service of motor-car, non-motor vehicle driver and pedestrian;And existing stroboscopic railway spike is eliminated in lights interval because driving The security risk that the person of sailing precepitates into dark period and brings especially can provide speed under the conditions of amblyopia feel for automobile driver Sense, distance perspective, direction feeling(Direction, position), greatly improve traffic safety;B, since LED light source therein is with larger The period with the work of larger supply current corresponding to the period that luminosity shines is discrete, therefore in continuous firing It is less likely to occur to overheat, so as to ensure service life;C, according to the luminous emphasis of difference, by selecting a variety of different envelopes respectively The LED of assembling structure, such as the direct insertion LED of the integrated LED or pin package of the adopting surface mounted LED of SMD encapsulation or COB encapsulation, Increase the range of choice of LED component, and pass through and introduce area source and area array light source, and with various point light sources, array light source knot It closes and uses, by the space rational deployment of LED, expand visual field;Component can also be spread by light or spread work(with light Point light source or array light source are become area source by the structure of energy or light guide plate etc., while light-emitting area is increased, and can make hair Light is not relatively soft, dazzling, further improves the comfort level to human eye, so that spike nail light shines, the traditional railway spike of comparison shines It is more suitable for non-motor vehicle driver and pedestrian;D, by using the combination of different luminous dominant wavelength LED, different colours are reached Dynamic lighting effects, further improve the warning degree and identification of spike nail light, and can preferably express traffic information, such as logical The traffic information that different luminescent colors represents different is crossed, such as forbids, warn, inducing, passing through, speed limit information;E, due to this It is whole when spike nail light works all uninterruptedly to shine always, so as to alleviate after spike nail light is installed because being sent out between each railway spike The discomfort of people caused by light confusion is therefore, unnecessary between each railway spike to use synchronous light-emitting using the utility model spike nail light Pattern, so as to reduce the manufacture difficulty of spike nail light and cost;F, it is long-persistence luminous by the setting over or around in LED Material realizes afterglow function, makes it to provide fixed object of reference when lamp goes out, further enhance road safety;g、 The product using different service objects as emphasis can be designed by actual road conditions requirement, such as:Pedestrian is used compared with Multiple Sections Solar energy luminous spike nail light, increase and the proportion of the LED light source that pattern shines visually be always on spike nail light, to vehicle condition complicated highway section The solar energy luminous spike nail light used increases the proportion of the LED light source that visual different flash patterns shine on spike nail light;And road can be pressed The methods of situation is adjusted a wage scale using power be automatic or the light-emitting mode of controlled converted LED light source, improves the intelligent journey of spike nail light Degree, so as to better adapt to road conditions requirement.
As shown in Figure 1, 2:The technical solution of the utility model A is:A kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light, including housing(1)、 LED light source(2), control circuit(3), charge storage element(4), photovoltaic device(5), encapsulating material(6);The housing(1)For band There are cavity or hole or groove or supporting member, and be equipped with optical transmission window at top or be respectively equipped with light transmission at top and side The light penetrating object of window or partial light permeability body;Photovoltaic device(5)It is located at housing(1)Light-transmission top beneath window, LED light source(2)If In housing(1)In cavity or hole or groove below optical transmission window or in supporting member, LED light source(2), charge storage element(4)、 Photovoltaic device(5)Pass through circuit and control circuit respectively(3)It is connected;Housing(1)Pass through encapsulating material(6)By LED light source(2)、 Control circuit(3), charge storage element(4), photovoltaic device(5)It is packaged as a whole;The spike nail light is at least in an optical transmission window Lower section is equipped with the LED light source to shine from inside to outside along optical transmission window(2);The LED light source(2)For point light source or array light Combined light source more than source or area source or both and the two;The control circuit(3)For with charge and discharge control Function, and with control and driving LED light source(2)Therein at least one or one group of LED light source is in signal period with opposite The control circuit for the function that high brightness and relatively low luminosity periodically uninterruptedly shine.I.e.:To be shone by relatively high Brightness LHLuminous period and relatively low luminosity LLLight period T, periodically control and the driving of luminous period composition LED light source(2)In the control circuit of function that uninterruptedly shines of at least one or one group of LED light source.The utility model railway spike Luminosity principle schematic of the LED light source of lamp under technical solution A is as shown in Figure 3.It can be seen from figure 3 that under technical solution A, LH>LL,TH<TL, spike nail light LED entirety is with cycle T and with high brightness LHWith low luminosity LLAlternately shine.Therefore, road It is whole during nail lamp work all uninterruptedly to shine always.We can also be by rationally setting LH、LL、TH、TLSize, change LH With LLAnd THWith TLRatio so that whole the shining of spike nail light obtains balance between strobe effect and stroboscopic effect, i.e., Under appropriate strobe effect, in the identification to people and to obtaining balance between the comfort level of human eye, so as to take into account the physiology of people Reaction and influence of the psychoreaction to traffic safety, further improve traffic safety.
The technical solution of the utility model B is:A kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light, including housing(1), LED light source(2)、 Control circuit(3), charge storage element(4), photovoltaic device(5), encapsulating material(6);The housing(1)To carry cavity or hole Or groove or supporting member, and be equipped with optical transmission window at top or be respectively equipped with the light penetrating object of optical transmission window at top and side Or partial light permeability body;Photovoltaic device(5)It is located at housing(1)Light-transmission top beneath window, LED light source(2)It is located at housing(1)Light transmission In the cavity or hole or groove of beneath window or in supporting member, LED light source(2), charge storage element(4), photovoltaic device(5)Point Circuit and control circuit are not passed through(3)It is connected;Housing(1)Pass through encapsulating material(6)By LED light source(2), control circuit(3), store Electric device(4), photovoltaic device(5)It is packaged as a whole;The spike nail light is equipped at least below an optical transmission window along saturating The LED light source that light window shines from inside to outside(2);The LED light source(2)For point light source or array light source or area source or on Combined light source more than the two and the two is stated, and is divided into no less than two power supply groupings(Herein, different power supplies grouping difference The LED groupings of corresponding different light-emitting mode, i.e., correspond to different luminosity or luminous power or driving current or frequency respectively The LED groupings of cycle or the power supply correlation factor such as duty cycle or power supply timing are dodged, minimum power supply grouping can only include one LED)LED light source respectively with control circuit(3)It is connected;The control circuit(3)To have the function of charge and discharge control, and With controlling and drive at least one set of LED light source with relatively low luminosity LLVisually be always on it is luminous and meanwhile control and drive to Few one group of LED light source is with opposite high brightness LHAnd certain cycle T and duty cycle TonThe function of the visual strobe light emissions of/T Control circuit.Luminous LED light source, the LED light source of visual strobe light emission are visually always in the utility model spike nail light in technology Luminosity principle schematic difference under option b is as shown in Figure 4,5.Wherein TonTo be above-mentioned with high brightness LHVisual stroboscopic The total time of electrified light emitting of the luminous LED light source in a cycle T, ToffFor the remaining time in a cycle T.Fig. 4, In Fig. 5, LH>LL, the luminosity of spike nail light LED light source entirety is the luminosity and visually for being visually always on luminous LED light source The superposition of the luminosity of the LED light source of strobe light emission and with cycle T and with high brightness low shine so as to which spike nail light is whole Brightness alternately shines, and the spike nail light whole period to be shone in a cycle T with high brightness is equal to Ton,,With low luminance The degree luminous period is equal to Toff.Therefore, it is whole when spike nail light works all uninterruptedly to shine always.We can also pass through conjunction Reason sets LH、LL、Ton、ToffSize, change LHWith LLAnd TonWith ToffRatio shine so that spike nail light is whole in frequency It dodges between effect and stroboscopic effect and obtains balance, i.e., under appropriate strobe effect, in the identification to people and to the comfortable of human eye Balance is obtained between degree, so as to take into account the influence of the physiological reaction of people and psychoreaction to traffic safety, further improves traffic Safety.We can also be to being visually always on luminous LED light source and the LED light source of visual strobe light emission using the main ripple that Bu Tong shines Long LED light source, is seted off by contrast by color, improves the degree of warning and identification of spike nail light.
The technical solution of the utility model C is:A kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light, including housing(1), LED light source(2)、 Control circuit(3), charge storage element(4), photovoltaic device(5), encapsulating material(6);The housing(1)To carry cavity or hole Or groove or supporting member, and be equipped with optical transmission window at top or be respectively equipped with the light penetrating object of optical transmission window at top and side Or partial light permeability body;Photovoltaic device(5)It is located at housing(1)Light-transmission top beneath window, LED light source(2)It is located at housing(1)Light transmission In the cavity or hole or groove of beneath window or in supporting member, LED light source(2), charge storage element(4), photovoltaic device(5)Point Circuit and control circuit are not passed through(3)It is connected;Housing(1)Pass through encapsulating material(6)By LED light source(2), control circuit(3), store Electric device(4), photovoltaic device(5)It is packaged as a whole;The spike nail light is equipped at least below an optical transmission window along saturating The LED light source that light window shines from inside to outside(2);The LED light source(2)For point light source or array light source or area source or on Both state and the two more than combined light source, and be divided into the LED light sources of no less than two power supply groupings respectively with control circuit(3) It is connected;The control circuit(3)To have the function of charge and discharge control, and with control and drive one of which LED light source It when the visual strobe light emission of relatively low luminosity while controls with certain cycle and duty and drives remaining LED light source With certain cycle and duty, when opposite high brightness is chronologically and simultaneously reduplicative forms are sent out with time complementation or time complementation The control circuit of the function of light.Wherein, being shone with the complementary simultaneously reduplicative forms of time complementation or time refers to spike nail light when arbitrary All at least one or one group of LED light source is carved to shine.In one cycle, two or more power supply groupings(One LED light Source can be used as a power supply grouping)LED light source be chronologically dynamic light-emitting respectively.For convenience, herein with two The LED light source of a power supply grouping illustratively, that is, controls and drives one of which LED light source with certain cycle T and larger Duty cycle Ton/ T and relatively low luminosity LLVisual strobe light emission, while control and drive another group of LED light source with identical Cycle T and smaller duty cycle T 'on/ T and opposite high brightness LHAnd chronologically shone with time complementary type, then this reality With in new spike nail light with opposite high brightness LHThe LED light source of visual strobe light emission, with relatively low luminosity LLVisually frequency Luminosity principle schematic difference of the LED light source of shwoot light under technical solution C is as shown in Figure 6,7.Wherein TonTo be above-mentioned With high brightness LHThe LED light source of visual strobe light emission(2)The total time of electrified light emitting in a cycle T, ToffFor one The remaining time in a cycle T;T’onTo be above-mentioned with low luminosity LLThe LED light source of visual strobe light emission(2)In a cycle The total time of electrified light emitting in T, T 'offFor the remaining time in a cycle T.In Fig. 6,7, LH>LL,Ton=T’off, T 'on= Toff, and the starting fluorescent lifetime of one of which LED light source is the termination fluorescent lifetime of another group of LED light source, is cycled successively, with Achieve the effect that time complementation.The luminosity of spike nail light LED light source entirety is with opposite high brightness LHVisual stroboscopic hair The luminosity of the LED light source of light and with relatively low luminosity LLThe luminosity of the LED light source of visual strobe light emission is folded Add, so as to which spike nail light LED is whole with cycle T and alternately luminous with high brightness and low luminosity.Therefore, spike nail light works When whole all uninterruptedly shining always.We can also be by rationally setting LH、LL、Ton、T’on、Toff、T’offSize, change Become LHWith LLAnd TonWith T 'onRatio so that whole the shining of spike nail light obtained between strobe effect and stroboscopic effect it is flat Weighing apparatus, i.e., under appropriate strobe effect, in the identification to people and to obtaining balance between the comfort level of human eye, so as to take into account people's The influence of physiological reaction and psychoreaction to traffic safety, further improves traffic safety.
We can also set different luminous dominant wavelengths(I.e. different luminescent colors)LED light source, by difference shine The LED light source of dominant wavelength is alternately shone with the complementary simultaneously reduplicative forms of time complementation or time, to reach or improve the dynamic of stroboscopic Illumination effect.Such as:The LED light source to be shone with low luminosity and the LED light source to be shone with high brightness are respectively adopted The LED light source of the luminous dominant wavelength of difference, so as to improve the degree of warning of spike nail light and identification.We even can be to identical hair The LED light source of different luminous dominant wavelengths is respectively adopted in the LED light source for multiple power supplies grouping that brightness shines, only in different colors Variation reaches the dynamic lighting effects of stroboscopic.
Further, LED light source(2)For combination more than point light source or array light source or area source or both and the two Light source, and be divided into two power supply grouping LED light source respectively with control circuit(3)It is connected;The control circuit(3)To have It controls and drives one of which LED light source with certain cycle and relatively large the duty when relatively low visual stroboscopic of luminosity It shines, while controls and drive another group of LED light source when relatively high luminous with identical cycle and relatively small duty Brightness and the control circuit for the function of chronologically alternately being shone with time complementary type, so as to reduce energy consumption.
Further, one group of LED light source is the combined light source of the LED light source to be shone respectively with different luminosity simultaneously
Further, LED light source(2)The LED light source of wherein at least two power supply grouping is respectively different luminous dominant wavelengths LED light source;Or LED light source(2)The LED light source therein to be shone with relatively low luminosity and with opposite high brightness Luminous LED light source is respectively the LED light source of different luminous dominant wavelengths;Shone by the LED light source of different luminous dominant wavelengths The contrast of color further improves the identification of spike nail light, and can preferably express traffic information.
Further, luminosity herein is using the luminosity of final exit facet as measurement standard.
Further, herein presented LED light source(2)With the luminosity of L and certain cycle T and duty cycle Ton/ T mesh Video shwoot just refers to LED light source(2)T in a cycle TonPeriod electrified light emitting, average luminescence brightness are L, and in Toff Period does not shine.
Further, it is herein presented be visually always on to shine refer to LED light source(2)Continuous power supply light emitting or high frequency power supply It shines;Wherein, when to LED light source(2)When generally to be more than the frequency power supply light emitting of 100HZ, human eye is due to the persistence of vision Phenomenon and be not aware of scintillation, therefore be also visually to be always on.Visual strobe light emission herein refers to LED light source (2)It is generally shone with being less than the frequency low frequency power supply of 20HZ, preferably to LED light source(2)It is low with the frequency between 0.2HZ to 2HZ Frequency power supply light emitting.
Further, herein presented linear array refers to multiple point light sources by linear array or approximate by linear array, face battle array Refer to multiple point light sources in two rows and above, two row and be arranged in above array or it is approximate in two rows and above, two row and more than It is arranged in array.
Further, LED light source(2)The LED light source of linear array is arranged in for LED point light source or be that LED point light source is arranged in face The LED light source of battle array is COB area light source or LED point light source or array light source is turned to spread component or light guide plate by light Change the LED light source of area source or said combination or to form word or the LED area array light source or area source of symbol or pattern into LED light source.Wherein, light herein diffusion component spreads component for sensu lato light, both including on conventional meaning Light spreads component, also includes the structure with light diffusion function.On conventional meaning light diffusion component include light diffusing sheet, Optical diffusion film, lens, prismatic lens, reflector, lens array, prism array, reflector array etc., preferably light diffusing sheet;Tool There is the structure of light diffusion function for the optical texture with light diffusion function, such as concaveconvex structure or texture structure or frosted structure Deng.Point light source, array light source can be diffused into area source by light diffusion component by the optical instruments such as scattering, reflecting, so as to Light-emitting area bigger, sighting distance during with smaller Intensity LEDs is farther, shines evenly, light is softer, further improves to people The comfort level of eye.Particularly, light transmission lattice-type reflecting material layer or light transmission micro-prism type reflecting material layer can also act as Light spreads the effect of component.Sometimes, housing(1)On can also carry with light diffusion function structure, as housing(1)'s A part serves as the effect of light diffusion component.
Further, LED light source(2)For the LED point light source of COB encapsulation or the LED sheets of pin package with collector lens Pinned straw hat type LED lamp bead is primarily referred to as in text, such as F5, F8, F3)Point light source is arranged in the LED light source of linear array or is SMD The LED point light source of encapsulation is arranged in the LED light source of face battle array or be COB area light source or be, by light diffusion component or leaded light Plate is converted into LED point light source or array light source the LED light source of area source.
Further, LED light source(2)The LED light source therein to be shone using relatively low luminosity is arranged in as LED point light source Face battle array LED light source or be COB area light source for by light diffusion component or light guide plate LED point light source or array light source It is converted into the LED light source of area source or said combination or to form word or symbol or the LED area array light source of pattern or face light The LED light source in source;It is therein using the LED light source that opposite high brightness shines as LED point light source.
Further, LED light source(2)It is therein as wide-angle luminescence LED or to be shone using the LED that relatively low luminosity shines Principal direction is equipped with the LED of light diffusion element, to increase light-emitting area, the wide-angle luminescence LED of preferably SMD encapsulation;The LED Light source(2)It is therein to be equipped with optically focused member by the light-emitting LED or luminous principal direction in narrow angle of the LED that opposite high brightness shines Part(Collector lens, prefocus cup etc.)LED, to improve long-range illumination effect, preferably the pin package with collector lens is narrow Angle is light-emitting LED.
Further, LED light source(2)The LED points therein encapsulated using the LED light source that relatively low luminosity shines as SMD Light source be arranged in face battle array LED light source or be COB area light source for by light diffusion component or light guide plate LED point light source Or array light source is converted into the LED light source or said combination of area source;The LED light source(2)It is therein to be shone with relatively high The LED point light source of pin package of the LED light source of Intensity LEDs for the LED point light source of COB encapsulation or with collector lens.
Further, the lower section of the optical transmission window of spike nail light light-emitting surface at least provided with one or a set of with opposite high brightness Luminous and luminous principal direction and installation road surface parallel direction are in the LED light source of the angle between 0 degree to 45 degree, to improve spike nail light In face of the luminous distance and luminosity of vehicle traveling direction.
Further, LED light source(2)The luminous principal direction of the LED light source therein to be shone with relatively low luminosity and peace The angle for filling road surface parallel direction is greater than or equal to the luminous principal direction of the LED light source therein to shine with opposite high brightness Angle with installing road surface parallel direction, so as to have both remotely warn, reminding effect and short range assisting lighting function.
Further, LED light source(2)The LED light source therein to be shone with relatively low luminosity is located to be shone with relatively high Around the LED light source of Intensity LEDs or both sides or centre.
Further, housing(1)The interior LED equipped with the pin package with collector lens that is multiple, being arranged in linear array, it is described Control circuit(3)It is shone for there is control and drive positioned at intermediate LED with opposite high brightness, while controls and drive The function or control and drive positioned at intermediate LED with relatively low hair that LED positioned at both sides is shone with relatively low luminosity Brightness shines, while controls and drive function that the LED positioned at both sides shines with opposite high brightness or by LED light Source(2)It is divided into the LED of two power supply groupings by interval, and controls and drive the LED of one of power supply grouping with relatively low Luminosity shines, while the work(for controlling and driving the LED of another power supply grouping therein to shine with opposite high brightness The control circuit of energy.
Further, housing(1)The interior LED for being equipped with the pin package with collector lens, the LED's of the pin package Both sides are respectively equipped with the LED or COB area light source of the SMD encapsulation for being arranged in face battle array, the control circuit(3)To have control And the LED of pin package is driven to shine with opposite high brightness, while LED the or COB faces light for controlling and driving SMD to encapsulate The control circuit for the function that source is shone with relatively low luminosity.
Further, housing(1)The interior LED or COB area light source for being equipped with the SMD encapsulation for being arranged in face battle array, SMD envelopes The LED area array of dress or the both sides of COB area light source are respectively equipped with the LED of the pin package with collector lens, control electricity Road(3)For there is control and the LED of pin package is driven to shine with opposite high brightness, while control and SMD is driven to encapsulate LED or the control circuit of function that is shone with relatively low luminosity of COB area light source.
Further, housing(1)Interior LED or housing equipped with SMD encapsulation that are multiple, being arranged in face battle array(1)Inside it is equipped with COB area light source;The control circuit(3)For there is control and drive the LED being located among the battle array of face with relatively low luminosity It shines, while control and drive function that the LED positioned at face battle array both sides shines with opposite high brightness respectively or with controlling It makes and the LED among the battle array of face is driven to shine with opposite high brightness, while control and drive the LED positioned at face battle array both sides With the control circuit for the function that relatively low luminosity shines.
Further, housing(1)The interior LED for being equipped with the pin package with collector lens, the LED's of the pin package Around be equipped with the LED of multiple SMD encapsulation, and be arranged in together with the LED of the pin package face battle array or pin package COB area light source is equipped with around LED;The control circuit(3)For there is control and drive the LED of pin package with relatively high Luminosity shines, while controls and drive the LED or the function that shines with relatively low luminosity of COB area light source that SMD encapsulates Control circuit.At this point, the LED or COB area light source of SMD encapsulation shine and play the role of bias light or mood light.
Further, the LED light source of convex type railway spike is mounted on spike nail light side, and the principal direction that shines is parallel with installation road surface Preferably 0 degree of the angle in direction(It is i.e. parallel with installation road surface);The LED light source of embedded railway spike is mounted on housing(1)It is interior, it shines The angle of principal direction and installation road surface parallel direction is generally no greater than 45 degree, and angle is smaller, and sighting distance is more remote.
Further, LED light source(2)Be additionally provided with long after glow luminous material over or around(7), to provide afterglow work( Energy.
Further, housing(1)Upper or LED light source(2)Around be equipped with reflecting material(8), the reflecting material (8)For film-coating type reflecting material layer or lattice-type reflecting material layer or micro-prism type reflecting material layer or reflecting glass Bead Array chip or opal reflecting glass Bead, to provide retroreflectivity;Or LED light source(2)Top or LED light source(2)It is therein The top of the LED light source to be shone with low luminosity is equipped with reflecting material(8), the reflecting material(8)It is brilliant for light transmission Lattice reflecting material layer or light transmission micro-prism type reflecting material layer, except providing retroreflectivity, moreover it is possible to play light diffusion Effect.
Further, control circuit(3)To carry the control circuit of sensor or wireless communication module;Or to be sent out with time control The control circuit of light function;Or for controlling and drive LED light source(2)The chronologically control circuit of the function of dynamic light-emitting; Or it is to have the function of to control and drive the control circuit of synchronous light-emitting or the synchronous light-emitting that is delayed between multiple railway spikes;Or for By internal preset program or reception external command, the control circuit for the function of shining or convert light-emitting mode.
Further, control circuit(3)For with grading control LED light source(2)The function of being shone with different luminosity;Example As controlled LED light source respectively according to actual needs(2)With 2000Mcd/m2、3000Mcd/m2、5000Mcd/m2Three-level luminosity is sent out Light;Or with control LED light source(2)Respectively with function that different cycles or duty cycle shine;Or with control LED light source (2)The function of being shone with different fluctuation depth or stroboscopic index;Or with control LED light source(2)Luminosity change with The function that gradual change form and different fluctuation depth and stroboscopic index shine, such as:From low luminosity to high brightness During saltus step, the luminosity of LED light source gradually increases, from high brightness to the saltus step of low luminosity during, LED The luminosity of light source is gradually reduced, and so as to reduce the glare effect of spike nail light, improves the comfort level that shines;Or have and pass through PWM Dimming mode adjusts brightness and fluctuates the control circuit of depth and the function of stroboscopic index.
Further, control circuit(3)To have control LED light source(2)It is sent out in one cycle with opposite high brightness The control electricity of the function of the ratio between the Period Length of light and the Period Length that is shone with relatively low luminosity between 1/20 to 1 Road.
Further, control circuit(3)To have control LED light source(2)It is therein with relatively low luminosity strobe light emission LED light source and it is therein with the ratio between duty cycle of LED light source of opposite high brightness strobe light emission between 1/20 to 1 The control circuit of function.
Further, control circuit(3)To have control LED light source(2)The luminosity to be shone with opposite high brightness With the control circuit of the function of the ratio between the luminosity that is shone with relatively low luminosity between 2 to 300.
Further, technical solution A, technical solution B, technical solution C can be applied in combination or be superimposed use.
Housing(1):
Housing(1)Be light penetrating object or partial light permeability body, can be single-piece or sub-assembly, can with one-pass molding, It can be molded by several times;It is made of metal or ceramics or plastics or the materials such as glass or composite material or unlike material combination is formed; The effects that mainly playing light transmission, support, receiving, fixation, installation, protection.
Housing(1)Shape be generally the group of class truncated cone, class cuboid, class cylinder, class hemisphere or above-mentioned shape It closes, can design according to actual needs, and be roughly divided into convex type, embedded(Flush type)Or raised and embedded complex State.
Housing(1)Cavity or hole or groove are equipped with, for setting component or playing light transmission.Housing(1)It is interior can To be equipped with supporting member, play support, filling, reinforcement, subregion, fixed, LED light can be especially set on the support members Source(2)Components are waited, can be specifically internal stent, structural bead, subregion partition etc., shape can be with required design;It can be with Direct and housing(1)Disposable disjunctor shaping, can also be molded and install combination by several times.Housing(1)Top or top and side Portion is equipped with the light penetrating object of optical transmission window or partial light permeability body, and optical transmission window is except with light transmission effect, also playing the works such as protection, waterproof With can be that transparent glass or transparent plastic etc. are made, light transmission lattice-type reflecting material or light transmission microprism can be used sometimes Type reflecting material serves as, and the mounting structures such as mounting hole are also provided on optical transmission window, and passes through the encapsulating materials such as screw(6) Fixed encapsulation safeguards spike nail light so as to convenient.Housing(1)It is equipped in cavity or hole or groove below optical transmission window Photovoltaic device(5)Or LED light source(2);Housing(1)Bottom the fixed installation component of installation can be set;Housing(1)Side Face direction can be equipped with the reflecting material such as reflective structure based on microprism, become a part for housing naturally.
Housing(1)Pass through encapsulating material(6)It is integral with each component package.
Sometimes, housing(1)On can also carry the structure with light diffusion function or retroreflectivity, as housing(1) A part, serve as light diffusion component or reflecting material(8)Effect.
LED light source(2):
LED light source(2)Can be combination more than point light source, array light source, area source or both or both etc., tool The combined light source that body includes various LED or LED combination or, LED and optical functional layer or photic zone etc. are formed together, is referred to as LED light source is a kind of LED light source of generalized concept.LED light source as described herein is exactly the LED light source on this generalized concept. Therefore, luminosity described herein is finally subject to the luminosity appeared outside spike nail light.
Wherein, LED light source(2)Comprising LED for inorganic LED, organic LED, laser LED etc.;Can be a LED, Or the LED combination of multiple or multigroup, phase co-wavelength or different wave length, same package mode or different packaged types;It is preferred that it carries Rigidity or flexible PCB and arranged with dotted or latticed form and be welded to the SMD on circuit board encapsulation adopting surface mounted LED or The direct insertion LED of pin package with collector lens in COB area light source or luminous principal direction, or side is with light-emitting LED Light guide plate area source etc..
Usually, LED light source(2)In be visually always on luminous LED for point light source face battle array or area source, can be specifically wide The point light source face battle array or COB area light source of the light-emitting LED composition in angle or the principal direction that shines are equipped with the LED point light of light diffusion element Source face battle array or side are with light-emitting LED light guide plate area source etc., to increase light-emitting area and field range, preferably SMD envelopes The point light source face battle array or COB area light source of the wide-angle luminescence adopting surface mounted LED composition of dress;LED light source(2)In visual strobe light emission LED is point light source, can be specifically the LED point light that the light-emitting LED point light source in narrow angle or luminous principal direction are equipped with collective optics Source etc., to improve long-range illumination effect, the narrow angle of the preferably pin package with collector lens shine direct insertion LED point light source or The light-emitting LED point light source in narrow angle of COB encapsulation.
When spike nail light is equipped with long after glow luminous material(7)When, LED light source(2)It can be divided into excitation work(by purposes difference The LED light sources of energy and the LED light sources of common lighting function.
Wherein, the LED light sources of arousal function mainly play inspired long-lasting phosphor(7)Effect, for pay the utmost attention to Long after glow luminous material(7)The light source that excitation spectrum matches, emission wavelength is with to long after glow luminous material(7)Excitation effect Rate is main criterion.It is generally located in railway spike lamp housing(1)Be located at long after glow luminous material(7)Bottom surface or the cavity of lower section Or in hole or groove, preferably SMD encapsulation, blue light or purple light or ultraviolet light with wiring board, below peak wavelength 450nm Adopting surface mounted LED.
LED light source(2)Word or symbol or pattern can be arranged by dot matrix on demand.
Control circuit(3):
Control circuit(3)Including at least controlling and driving two parts, pass through circuit and LED light source(2)Components is waited to be connected, There is charge and discharge control, and can control circuit keying and control and drive LED light source(2)Each LED continuous hairs respectively Light or with certain cycle strobe light emission.
Control circuit(3)Generally carry circuit module or rigid or flexible circuit board;Monolithic can particularly be carried The microprocessors such as machine.
Control circuit(3)LED light source can be carried(2)The function of light-emitting mode conversion, that is, control LED light source(2)Not The work(of conversion between same luminous power or cycle or duty cycle or sequential or fluctuation depth or the light-emitting mode of stroboscopic index Energy.
Control circuit(3)Time control lighting function can be carried, the conversion of spike nail light light-emitting mode can be controlled by the period, such as Control and drive the LED of spike nail light at night 6 points in 10 points of the periods at night with larger power light-emitting, 10 points at night Later in 6 points of the period of the next morning with smaller power light-emitting, so as to both ensure the opposite collection of evening people trip In period in traffic safety, and take into account evening people go on a journey relative rarity period in traffic safety.
Control circuit(3)Sequential lighting function can be carried, i.e., to identical or different luminescent color, phase on same light-emitting surface The LED light source of same or different packaged types(2)It is spatially grouped, and passes through control circuit(3)According to internal processes or external life Order chronologically powers to each group LED successively, so that spike nail light Integral luminous has the function of dynamic shine.
Control circuit(3)Sensor can be carried, by sensor sensing external information and spike nail light is automatically controlled and shines The conversion of pattern, such as by the movement of radar sensor automatic sensing object, when have vehicle close to when, increase visual strobe light emission The output power of LED, so as to improve induction or effect of warning, when no vehicle close to when, reduce low visual strobe light emission LED's Output power.So as to save energy consumption, extend the duration that shines.
Control circuit(3)The communication module group of radio transmission-receiving function can also be carried, external control is received by communication module group The conversion of order control spike nail light light-emitting mode, such as issues wireless control order in misty rain weather, increases visual strobe light emission LED Output power, ensure illumination effect of the spike nail light under misty rain weather or controlled by communication module group and drive multiple railway spikes The synchronous light-emitting of lamp or delay synchronous light-emitting.
Charge storage element(4):
Charge storage element(4)Can be accumulator, such as Ni-MH battery, lithium battery or capacitance etc., preferred ferric phosphate Lithium storage battery.
Photovoltaic device(5):
Photovoltaic device(5)Pass through circuit and control circuit(3)It is connected, can is rigidity or flexible monocrystalline silicon photovoltaic device Part, polycrystalline silicon photovoltaic device or amorphous silicon photovoltaic device etc. can be specifically solar panel or solar energy film etc..Photovoltaic Device generally has both the function of illuminance transducer, control circuit except that luminous energy can be utilized to charge(3)It can be gathered according to photovoltaic device To ambient light illumination parameter automatically control and drive LED light source(2)It starts to work or is stopped, so as to fulfill automatic round the clock bright The function of going out.
Photovoltaic device(5)Housing can be removed(1)Outside, and using solar energy to multiple solar energy spike lamp centrally connected power supplies.
Encapsulating material(6):
Encapsulating material(6)For encapsulating railway spike, be plastic part or, rubber parts or, various resins or various resins with Mixture of filler etc. can be specifically packaging plastic, fastener, sealing element(Such as sealing ring)Deng.Preferred package glue or fastening Part(Screw screw hole etc.).
Wherein, packaging plastic is generally polyurethanes, epoxies, silica type etc..Encapsulation when, packaging plastic be generally in a liquid state or Molten state or jelly can pass through the curing moldings such as heating, reaction.Packaging plastic has transparent or nontransparent;Wherein transparent envelope Filling glue has light transmission function, is generally filled between each component, also has the effects that fixed, filling, waterproof;Nontransparent encapsulation Glue is generally encapsulated in the outer layer of transparent encapsulation material, primarily serves contrast, sealing, waterproof and fixing piece or material is fixed on ground With reference to effect, filler or pigment can be added in, also act as reflection action.It according to actual needs can be all with transparent enclosure glue Encapsulation can also be encapsulated all with nontransparent packaging plastic, can also the two combined use.
Long after glow luminous material(7):
Long after glow luminous material(7)Belong to a kind of energy-saving luminous material, generally refer to long-afterglow luminescent powder or long afterglow hair The hybrid process object of light powder and transparent medium.Wherein machining object refers to luminescent powder and transparent medium mixing, by being heating and curing or Reaction cures or the molding by the techniques such as injection, extrusion.
The alkaline earth aluminate salt or silicates of mixing rare earth of the long-afterglow luminescent powder prioritizing selection good luminous performance used, Such as turn blue the Sr of green light4Al14O25Or the SrAl of green-yellow light2O4,Or both be mixed in a certain ratio;The transparent medium used is The media such as the good plastic resin of photosensitiveness, rubber or glass.
Long after glow luminous material(7)It plays and works as LED light source(2)Stop continuing luminous effect by twilight sunset after shining.
Long after glow luminous material(7)Can be pointing object, tablet, block or other assemblys etc., it can also be according to Actual demand is voluntarily set;Generally layer structure is preferably made to rigidity or flexible sheet material or plate.
Sometimes, long after glow luminous material(7)Directly encapsulation or mounted on the top of LED, serves as the work of dotted illuminating source With.Such as:The shell of a bottom opening made of long after glow luminous material on being covered on pinned LED.
Reflecting material(8):
Reflecting material(8)Retroreflectivity is provided, be film-coating type reflecting material or bead type reflecting material or Person's lattice-type reflecting material or micro-prism type reflecting material etc. can be specifically reflective membrane, reflective lattice plate, micro-prism type Reflector, bead array chip or opal reflecting glass Bead etc.;Generally sheet material or plate;Shape can be rectangle, circle Shape, trapezoidal etc., required design.Wherein, light transmission lattice-type reflecting material or light transmission micro-prism type reflecting material can also fill Work as optical transmission window.
Reflecting material(8)It is generally located on housing(1)Upper or housing(1)Cavity or hole or groove in, Ke Yitong It crosses the materials such as packaging plastic, hot melt adhesive, structure glue, supersonic thermal setting or technique is fixed.
Reflecting material(8)The reflecting materials of different retroreflective structures such as reflective membrane, reflective lattice plate, micro- can be selected The reflecting material of prism-type reflector or opal bead etc. or different colours such as white, yellow or red it is converse Penetrate material.
Sometimes, housing(1)On can also carry with retroreflectivity structure, as housing(1)A part, serve as Reflecting material(8)Effect.
The major advantage of the utility model is:
1st, the utility model compares existing stroboscopic solar energy spike, on the premise of energy consumption and cost is increased on a small quantity, breaks through Conventional luminescent pattern can uninterruptedly shine on the basis of visual strobe light emission effect is ensured, existing long-range induction, police It is shown as using, and has short range assisting lighting function, realize all standing service to motor vehicle, non-motor vehicle driver and pedestrian; And whole the shining of spike nail light is made to obtain balance between stroboscopic dynamic lighting effects and stroboscopic effect, that is, ensureing appropriate stroboscopic Dynamic lighting effects under, in the identification to people and to obtaining balance between the comfort level of human eye, so as to take into account the physiology of people Reaction and influence of the psychoreaction to traffic safety, further improve traffic safety;Existing stroboscopic railway spike is eliminated to put out in light The security risk brought due to driver precepitates into dark of interval of going out can be particularly motor vehicle driving under the conditions of amblyopia feel Member provides speed sense, distance perspective, direction feeling(Direction, position), inducing effect is more preferable, further improves road safety.
2nd, corresponding to the period that the utility model is shone due to LED light source therein with larger luminosity with larger confession The period of electric current work is discrete, therefore product overheat is not easily leaded in continuous firing, is used so as to ensure Service life.
3rd, the utility model can select the LED of a variety of packaged types, such as the SMD adopting surface mounted LEDs encapsulated or COB encapsulation Integrated LED or the LED of pin package etc. increase the range of choice of LED component, and can select different luminous dominant wavelengths LED, so as to improve the identification of spike nail light, can preferably express traffic information.
4th, the utility model makes the fluctuation depth of LED stroboscopics by setting long after glow luminous material over or around in LED Smaller, the comfort level higher that spike nail light shines to human eye, moreover it is possible to fixed object of reference is provided when lamp goes out, so as to further be promoted Road safety.
5th, according to the utility model principle, can be separately designed out by actual road conditions requirement with pedestrian or non-motor vehicle driving Member or automobile driver identify for the security protection of emphasis, and flexible design degree higher, the scope of application are wider;It can also be on demand to shape Shape or appearance slight changes, you can as other road delineators or induction mark etc..Such as:It can also slightly deform, being allowed to can With install or be attached on kerbstone, on kerbstone, on alarm column, on profile column, corrugated guardrail it is first-class, serve as delineator or induction Mark will be moved outside photovoltaic device using solar energy centralized power supply system, convenient for safeguarding or exempting from synchronization or use other confessions such as alternating current Active railway spike is electrically made, applied to vcehicular tunnel, bridges and culverts hole etc..
6th, the utility model comprehensively considers the influence to traffic safety of physiology and psychological factor of driver and pedestrian, phases Than traditional solar energy spike, traffic insurance can be preferably improved.Except being suitable for existing conventional road, can also be applicable in In the new roads such as existing novel urban road, park green road, cycle track even residential area road, applicable surface is wider, peace Full property higher, and can the use of partial alternative street lamp.It is except providing induction or warning as the traffic safety purposes of main emphasis Outside, moreover it is possible to the effect of energy-saving and emission-reduction is played as energy saving luminous product, and is widely used in various outdoor public sites, is opened up significantly Wide traditional solar energy spike uses field and scope, and brand-new development prospect is brought to solar energy spike.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of overlooking the structure diagram of solar energy luminous spike nail light of the utility model(Because spike nail light appearance Shape species is various, for convenience of description, is illustrated herein with most typical shape spike nail light work, other railway spikes are external by this principle Sight or shape distortion, can realize equivalent effect);
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional view of the utility model spike nail light(The AA cross-section structures of Fig. 1);
Fig. 3 is luminosity principle schematic of the LED light source of the utility model spike nail light under technical solution A;
Fig. 4,5 are respectively the LED that luminous LED light source and visual strobe light emission are visually always in the utility model spike nail light Luminosity principle of contrast schematic diagram of the light source under technical solution B;
Fig. 6,7 are respectively with opposite high brightness L in the utility model spike nail lightHThe LED light source of visual strobe light emission With with relatively low luminosity LLLuminosity principle of contrast signal of the LED light source of visual strobe light emission under technical solution C Figure and chronologically complementary luminous principle schematic;
Fig. 8 is that the solar energy convex type of a species truncated rectangular pyramids body of the embodiment one of the utility model shines the quick-fried of spike nail light Fried structure diagram;
Fig. 9 is a kind of solar energy of class tetragonous stage body with long after glow luminous material of the embodiment two of the utility model Long afterglow convex type shines the configuration schematic diagram of spike nail light;
Figure 10 is the solar energy convex type luminous reflecting railway spike of a species truncated rectangular pyramids body of the embodiment three of the utility model The configuration schematic diagram of lamp;
Figure 11 is the partially embedded luminous spike nail light of solar energy of a species billiard table body of the example IV of the utility model Configuration schematic diagram;
Figure 12 is the quick-fried of the embedded luminous spike nail light of solar energy of a species cylinder of the embodiment five of the utility model Fried structure diagram;
Figure 13 is a kind of solar energy convex type of class tetragonous stage body with installation foot of the embodiment six of the utility model The configuration schematic diagram of luminous reflecting spike nail light;
Figure 14 is the quick-fried of the embedded luminous spike nail light of solar energy of a species cylinder of the embodiment seven of the utility model Fried structure diagram;
Figure 15 is the master of the embedded luminous spike nail light of solar energy of a species cylinder of the embodiment seven of the utility model Want the structure diagram of luminescence unit;
Figure 16 is the solar energy convex type luminous reflecting railway spike of a species truncated rectangular pyramids body of the embodiment eight of the utility model The configuration schematic diagram of lamp;
Figure 17 is the solar energy convex type luminous reflecting railway spike of a species truncated rectangular pyramids body of the embodiment eight of the utility model The configuration schematic diagram of the main luminescence unit of lamp;
Figure 18 is the partially embedded luminous reflecting of solar energy of a species truncated rectangular pyramids body of the embodiment nine of the utility model The configuration schematic diagram of spike nail light;
Figure 19 is that the solar energy convex type of a species cylinder of the embodiment ten of the utility model shines the quick-fried of spike nail light Fried structure diagram.
Specific embodiment
It is described in conjunction with the accompanying the embodiment of the utility model.
Embodiment one
The new type solar energy convex type of one species truncated rectangular pyramids body shines spike nail light, including housing(111)(112)(113)、 LED light source(121)(122), control circuit(130), charge storage element(140), photovoltaic device(150), encapsulating material, such as Fig. 8 institutes Show.
Housing(111)(112)(113):
Housing by(111)、(112)、(113)Three parts form.
Wherein, housing(111)It is transparent PC resin by rectangle cover made of Shooting Technique as optical transmission window, From housing(112)Top insertion housing(112)Open top in, and pass through encapsulating material fix encapsulation.
Housing(112)It is made up of yellow ABS resin of Shooting Technique.Housing(112)Top for truncated rectangular pyramids, lower part is Cuboid above has opening, is internally provided with cavity.Housing(112)On two trapezoidal sides of opposite class of top truncated rectangular pyramids The trapezoidal groove of two outward openings is respectively equipped with, the centre of the two grooves is respectively equipped with two circular through holes.
Housing(113)As optical transmission window for transparent PC resin by trapezoidal cover made of Shooting Technique, from housing (112)Oblique upper be respectively embedded into housing(112)In the groove of described two opposite flanks, and fixed and sealed by encapsulating material Dress.
LED light source(121)(122):
LED light source by(121)(122)Two parts form.
Wherein, LED light source(121)For the chip type white light LED of SMD encapsulation, hollow trapezoidal aluminium is arranged in planar array type The both sides of base circuit board, then by encapsulating material from housing(112)Oblique upper be fixed to housing(112)It is described two opposite In the trapezoidal groove of side, then pass through housing(113)It is encapsulated with encapsulating material.
LED light source(122)It is straw hat formula white light LEDs, from housing as point light source(112)Bottom opening penetrate housing (112)In the circular through hole of the trapezoidal groove of described two opposite flanks, at this point, LED light source(122)Luminous principal direction and water Square to parallel.
Control circuit(130):
Control circuit(130)To carry the control circuit of microcontroller and wireless communication module, pass through circuit and LED light respectively Source(121)、(122)It is connected, there is charge and discharge control, and the keying of energy control circuit and controls respectively and drive LED light Source(121)With 50Mcd/m2Luminosity continuous luminous, LED light source(122)With 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with 1s's Cycle and the visual strobe light emission of 20% duty cycle.
In control circuit between each spike nail light(130)Control under can wireless synchronization be realized by wireless communication module Or synchronization delay shines.
Control circuit(130)Housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(112)Cavity in.
Charge storage element(140):
Charge storage element(140)For lithium iron phosphate storage battery, housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(112)Cavity in.
Photovoltaic device(150):
Photovoltaic device(150)For rectangle single-crystalline-silicon solar-cell panel, from housing(112)Top be fixed to housing (112)Open top in, and pass through housing(111)It fixes and encapsulates with encapsulating material.
Encapsulating material:
Encapsulating material is epoxy packages glue, and seal is formed by curing from the bottom embedding of spike nail light.
The new type solar energy convex type of the one species truncated rectangular pyramids body of the present embodiment shines spike nail light, passes through two opposite flanks Upper chip type white light LED is with relatively low luminosity 50Mcd/m2Continuous luminous and horizontally disposed straw hat formula white light LEDs with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with the cycle of 1s and the visual strobe light emission of 20% duty cycle, so as to ensure visual stroboscopic It can uninterruptedly shine on the basis of illumination effect, existing long-range induction, warning function, and have short range assisting lighting function, it is real The all standing service to motor vehicle, non-motor vehicle driver and pedestrian is showed;And make spike nail light is whole to shine in strobe effect Balance is obtained between stroboscopic effect, i.e., under appropriate strobe effect, in the identification to people and between the comfort level of human eye Balance is obtained, so as to take into account the physiological reaction of people and psychoreaction, improves traffic safety;And it eliminates existing stroboscopic railway spike and exists The security risk that lights interval is brought due to driver precepitates into dark;It particularly can be under the conditions of amblyopia feel to motor-driven Vehicle driver provides speed sense, distance perspective, direction feeling(Direction, position), further improve road safety;And the utility model Spike nail light comparison only has the spike nail light that different flash patterns shine(It is provided only on spike nail light horizontally arranged with 5000Mcd/m2 Luminosity and with the cycle of 1s and the straw hat formula white light LEDs of the visual strobe light emission of 20% duty cycle), due to shining for LED Brightness is approx directly proportional to luminous power, therefore the single side power consumption of the utility model spike nail light merely adds 5000 ÷ of about 50 ÷ 20%=5% or so, i.e., on the basis of increasing power consumption, it is achieved that above-mentioned advantage in minimal amount.Increase in skill upgrading and function In the case of, the continuous working period of single photovoltaic electric power storage is had little influence on, application range is wider.
Embodiment two
A kind of new type solar energy long afterglow convex type of the class tetragonous stage body with long after glow luminous material shines spike nail light, Including housing(211)(212)(213), LED light source(221)(222), control circuit(230), charge storage element(240), photovoltaic device Part(250), long after glow luminous material(270), encapsulating material, as shown in Figure 9.
Housing(211)(212)(213):
Housing by(211)(212)(213)Three parts combine.
Wherein, housing(211)It is transparent PC resin by rectangle cover made of Shooting Technique as optical transmission window, From housing(212)Top insertion housing(212)Open top in, and pass through encapsulating material fix encapsulation.
Housing(212)It is made up of yellow ABS resin of Shooting Technique.Housing(212)Top for truncated rectangular pyramids, lower part is Cuboid above has opening, is internally provided with cavity.Housing(212)On two trapezoidal sides of opposite class of top truncated rectangular pyramids The trapezoidal groove of two outward openings is respectively equipped with, the both sides of the two grooves are respectively equipped with a circular through hole.
Housing(213)As optical transmission window, be transparent PC resin by rectangle cover made of Shooting Technique, from housing (212)Oblique upper be respectively embedded into housing(212)In the groove of described two opposite flanks, and fixed and sealed by encapsulating material Dress.
LED light source(221)(222):
LED light source by(221)(222)Two parts form.
Wherein, LED light source(221)For the patch type blue-ray LED of SMD encapsulation, array arranges and is welded to rectangle aluminium On base circuit board;Then by encapsulating material by LED light source(221)It is adhesively fixed in long after glow luminous material(270)Bottom surface On;What is re-formed is whole from housing(212)Oblique upper be fixed to housing(212)In the groove of described two opposite flanks Between, and pass through housing(213)It is encapsulated with encapsulating material.
LED light source(222)For the straw hat formula white light LEDs of pin package, from housing(212)Bottom opening penetrate housing (212)In the circular through hole of the trapezoidal groove of described two opposite flanks, at this point, LED light source(222)Luminous principal direction and water Square to parallel.
Control circuit(230):
Control circuit(230)To carry the control circuit of microcontroller, pass through circuit and LED light source respectively(221)、(222) It is connected, there is charge and discharge control, and the keying of energy control circuit and controls respectively and drive LED light source(222)With 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with the cycle of 1s and the visual strobe light emission of 10% duty cycle, LED light source(221)Continuous hair Light and inspired long-lasting phosphor afterglow.
Control circuit(230)Housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(212)Cavity in.
Charge storage element(240):
Charge storage element(240)For nickel-metal hydride battery, housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(212)Cavity in.Photovoltaic device Part(250):
Photovoltaic device(250)For rectangle single-crystalline-silicon solar-cell panel, from housing(212)Top be fixed to housing (212)Open top in, and pass through housing(211)It fixes and encapsulates with encapsulating material.
Long after glow luminous material(270):
Long after glow luminous material(270)For by SrAl2O4The length of moulding by casting after long-afterglow luminescent powder is mixed with transparent resin Square rigid sheet.
Encapsulating material:
Encapsulating material is PU packaging plastics, and seal is formed by curing from the bottom embedding of spike nail light.
A kind of new type solar energy long afterglow convex type of the class tetragonous stage body with long after glow luminous material of the present embodiment Shine spike nail light, is sent out by patch type blue-ray LED continuous luminous on two opposite flanks and inspired long-lasting phosphor twilight sunset Light and horizontally disposed straw hat formula white light LEDs are with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with the cycle of 1s and 10% duty cycle mesh It is uninterrupted luminous so as to be realized on the basis of visual strobe light emission effect is ensured by afterglow depending on strobe light emission, Existing long-range induction, warning function, and have short range assisting lighting function, it realizes to motor vehicle, non-motor vehicle driver and row The all standing service of people;And whole the shining of spike nail light is made to obtain balance between strobe effect and stroboscopic effect, i.e., in appropriateness Under strobe effect, in the identification to people and to obtaining balance between the comfort level of human eye, so as to take into account the physiological reaction of people and Psychoreaction improves traffic safety;And eliminate existing stroboscopic railway spike lights interval because driver precepitate into it is black The security risk secretly brought;Particularly speed sense, distance perspective, orientation can be provided to automobile driver under the conditions of amblyopia feel Sense(Direction, position), further improve road safety;It can also continue by afterglow to provide fixed reference when lamp goes out Object, so as to further enhance road safety;And the comparison of the utility model spike nail light only has the spike nail light that different flash patterns shine(That is road It is provided only on nail lamp horizontally arranged with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and visual with the cycle of 1s and 10% duty cycle The straw hat formula white light LEDs of strobe light emission), on the basis of increasing power consumption, it is achieved that above-mentioned advantage minimal amount.In skill upgrading With function it is increased in the case of, have little influence on the continuous working period of single photovoltaic electric power storage, application range is wider.
Embodiment three
The new type solar energy convex type luminous reflecting spike nail light of one species truncated rectangular pyramids body, including housing(311)(312)、LED Light source(321)(322), control circuit(330), charge storage element(340), photovoltaic device(350), reflecting material(380), encapsulation Material, as shown in Figure 10.
Housing(311)(312):
Housing by(311)(312)Two parts form.
Wherein, housing(311)It is transparent PC resin by rectangle cover made of Shooting Technique as optical transmission window, from Housing(312)Top insertion housing(312)Open top in, and pass through encapsulating material fix encapsulation.
Housing(312)For made of aluminum process, top be truncated rectangular pyramids, lower part be cuboid, on have opening, inside Housing equipped with cavity.Housing(312)Two opens outwards are respectively equipped on two trapezoidal sides of opposite class of top truncated rectangular pyramids The groove of mouth, the centre of the two grooves is respectively equipped with two circular through holes.
LED light source(321)(322):
LED light source by(321)(322)Two parts form.
LED light source(321)For the patch type green light LED of SMD encapsulation, array arranges and is welded to rectangle aluminium base circuit The centre of plate, then from housing(312)Top be adhesively secured to housing(312)In the open recess at top.
LED light source(322)For the straw hat formula yellow light LED of pin package, from housing(312)Bottom opening penetrate housing (312)In the circular through hole of the trapezoidal groove of described two sides, at this point, LED light source(322)Luminous principal direction and level side To parallel.
Control circuit(330):
Control circuit(330)To carry the control circuit of microcontroller and wireless communication module, pass through circuit and LED light respectively Source(321)、(322)It is connected, there is charge and discharge control, and the keying of energy control circuit and controls respectively and drive LED light Source(321)With 100Mcd/m2Luminosity continuous luminous, LED light source(322)With 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with 1s Cycle and the visual strobe light emission of 20% duty cycle.
In control circuit between each spike nail light(330)Control under can wireless synchronization be realized by wireless communication module Or synchronization delay shines.
Control circuit(330)Housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(312)Cavity in.
Charge storage element(340):
Charge storage element(340)For lithium iron phosphate storage battery, housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(312)Cavity in.
Photovoltaic device(350):
Photovoltaic device(350)For rectangle single-crystalline-silicon solar-cell panel, it is welded on above-mentioned rectangle aluminum base circuit board LED light source(321)Both sides, and pass through housing(311)It fixes and encapsulates with encapsulating material.
Reflecting material(380):
Reflecting material(380)The trapezoidal reflective lattice plate of optical transmission window, bottom equipped with reflecting layer of aluminizing is carried to be intermediate, From housing(312)Oblique upper be fixed to housing(312)In the circular through hole of front groove, at this point, LED light source(322)Just Positioned at reflecting material(380)The lower section of loophole.
Encapsulating material:
Encapsulating material is epoxy packages glue, and seal is formed by curing from the bottom embedding of spike nail light.
The new type solar energy convex type luminous reflecting spike nail light of the one species truncated rectangular pyramids body of the present embodiment, two of spike nail light Opposite flank all has retroreflectivity, and passes through top patches formula green light LED with relatively low luminosity 100Mcd/m2Continuously It shines and the straw hat formula white light LEDs of lateral setting is with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and accounted for cycle of 1s and 20% Sky is existing remotely to lure so as to can uninterruptedly shine on the basis of visual strobe light emission effect is ensured than visual strobe light emission It leads, warning function, and has short range assisting lighting function, realize all standing to motor vehicle, non-motor vehicle driver and pedestrian Service;And whole the shining of spike nail light is made to obtain balance between strobe effect and stroboscopic effect, i.e., under appropriate strobe effect, In the identification to people and to obtaining balance between the comfort level of human eye, so as to take into account the physiological reaction of people and psychoreaction, carry High traffic safety;And eliminate the peace that existing stroboscopic railway spike is brought in lights interval due to driver precepitates into dark Full blast danger;Particularly speed sense, distance perspective, direction feeling can be provided to automobile driver under the conditions of amblyopia feel(Direction, position It puts), further improve road safety;And the comparison of the utility model spike nail light only has the spike nail light that different flash patterns shine(That is road It is provided only on nail lamp horizontally arranged with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and visual with the cycle of 1s and 20% duty cycle The straw hat formula white light LEDs of strobe light emission), since the luminosity of LED is approx directly proportional to luminous power, therefore the utility model The single side power consumption of spike nail light merely adds 5000 ÷ 20%=10% or so of about 100 ÷, i.e., increase the basis of power consumption in minimal amount On, it is achieved that above-mentioned advantage.It is increased in skill upgrading and function, have little influence on continuing for single photovoltaic electric power storage Working time, application range are wider.
Example IV
The partially embedded luminous spike nail light of new type solar energy of one species billiard table body, including housing(410), LED light source (420), control circuit(430), charge storage element(440), photovoltaic device(450), encapsulating material, as shown in figure 11.
Housing(410):
Housing(410)The effects that mainly playing light transmission, receiving, pressure-bearing, protection is glass cast molding by base portion and upper grand The up-small and down-big transparent body of the portion of rising composition, wherein upper protrusion is the entire class billiard table shape that protuberance is formed upwards at the top of base portion Protuberance, base portion are equipped with opening for bottom, are internally provided with cavity, the curved surface cylinder of side indent, the side of upper protrusion and base The side of portions uses rounding off;The cavity of upper protrusion and the cavity of base portion are connected to form disjunctor cavity, are used in cavity In component.
Housing(410)Upper protrusion lateral surface on set there are two opposite inclined-plane.
LED light source(420):
LED light source(420)For the straw hat formula red-light LED of pin package and straw hat formula white light LEDs, it is arranged at intervals in Linear Array Realtime And the both sides of the edge of circle line plate are welded to, at this point, LED light source(420)It is located exactly at housing(410)Upper two opposite oblique The lower section in face, and the angle for being in 15 degree with installing road surface parallel direction.
Control circuit(430):
Control circuit(430)To carry the control circuit of microcontroller and wireless communication module, pass through circuit and LED light source (420)It is connected, there is charge and discharge control, and the keying of energy control circuit.Control circuit(430)It can also control and drive LED light source(420)In red-light LED with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with the cycle of 1s and the visual frequency of 20% duty cycle Shwoot light, while control and drive LED light source(420)In white light LEDs with 50Mcd/m2Luminosity and complementary with the time Form alternately shines.
In control circuit between each spike nail light(430)Control under can wireless synchronization be realized by wireless communication module Or synchronization delay shines.
Control circuit(430)Housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(410)Cavity inner circular wiring board lower section.
Charge storage element(440):
Charge storage element(440)For lithium iron phosphate storage battery, housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(410)Cavity inner circular The lower section of wiring board.
Photovoltaic device(450):
Photovoltaic device(450)For rectangle single-crystalline-silicon solar-cell panel, the centre of circle line plate is welded to.
Encapsulating material:
Encapsulating material is epoxy packages glue, and seal is formed by curing from the bottom embedding of spike nail light.
The partially embedded luminous spike nail light of new type solar energy of the one species billiard table body of the present embodiment, base portion is buried during installation Enter road surface, upper protrusion is higher than road surface, respectively by white light LEDs with relatively low luminosity 50Mcd/m2And with the cycle of 1s and The 80% visual strobe light emission of duty cycle is continuous and red-light LED is with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with time complementary type hand over For shining, so as to can uninterruptedly shine on the basis of visual strobe light emission effect is ensured, existing long-range induction, warning are made With, and have short range assisting lighting function, realize all standing service to motor vehicle, non-motor vehicle driver and pedestrian;And make Whole the shining of spike nail light obtains balance between strobe effect and stroboscopic effect, i.e., under appropriate strobe effect, to people's Identification and to obtaining balance between the comfort level of human eye, so as to take into account the physiological reaction of people and psychoreaction, improves traffic Safety;And alternately shone by different wave length LED, improve the degree of warning of spike nail light and mark degree;And eliminate existing frequency The security risk that lightning channel nail is brought in lights interval due to driver precepitates into dark;It particularly can be in weak visual condition Under to automobile driver provide speed sense, distance perspective, direction feeling(Direction, position), further improve road safety;And this The comparison of utility model spike nail light only has the spike nail light that different flash patterns shine(It is provided only on spike nail light with 5000Mcd/m2Shine Brightness and with the cycle of 1s and the straw hat formula red-light LED of the visual strobe light emission of 20% duty cycle), due to LED luminosity with Luminous power is approx directly proportional, therefore the single side power consumption of the utility model spike nail light merely adds 5000 ÷ 20% × 80% of about 50 ÷ =6.25% or so, i.e., on the basis of increasing power consumption, it is achieved that above-mentioned advantage in minimal amount.Increase in skill upgrading and function In the case of, the continuous working period of single photovoltaic electric power storage is had little influence on, application range is wider.
Embodiment five
The embedded luminous spike nail light of new type solar energy of one species cylinder, including housing(511)(512)(513)、LED Light source(520), control circuit(530), charge storage element(540), photovoltaic device(550), encapsulating material(561)(562), such as Figure 12 It is shown.
Housing(511)(512)(513):
Housing by(511)(512)(513)Three parts form.
Wherein, housing(511)It is that transparent PC is equipped with anti-skidding by top made of Shooting Technique as optical transmission window Grain, surrounding set up the circular non-opaque cover there are four mounting hole separately.
Housing(512)It is white ABS resin by the way that Shooting Technique is molding, top and two phases as inner support body Rectangular recess is equipped with to side, bottom is equipped with opening, the class tetragonous stage body pedestal for being internally provided with cavity.Housing(512)Side The bottom surface of groove is in 65 degree of angles with installation road surface parallel direction.
Housing(513)To carry the class cylinder bottom case of upward opening cavity made of stainless steel.
Housing(512)Pass through encapsulating material(562)Fixed to housing(513)Cavity in, housing(511)From housing (513)Top pass through encapsulating material(561)With housing(513)It is combined as a whole.
LED light source(520):
LED light source(520)For the straw hat formula white light LEDs of pin package, it is arranged in a straight line and is welded to rectangle aluminium base circuit On plate, and pass through encapsulating material and be adhesively secured to housing respectively(512)In the rectangular recess of two opposite flanks, at this point, LED Light source(520)Direction of main light emission with installation road surface parallel direction be in 25 degree of angles.
Control circuit(530):
Control circuit(530)To carry the control circuit of microcontroller and wireless communication module, pass through circuit and LED light source (520)It is connected, there is charge and discharge control, and can the keying of control circuit and control LED light source(520)With technical solution A Or technical solution B or technical solution C shine so that spike nail light on the basis of visual strobe light emission effect is ensured can not between It is disconnected to shine.
Technical solution A:
All LED are alternately shone with the cycle light and shade of 0.8s, i.e., in a cycle, first with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity Shine 0.1s, then with 50Mcd/m2Luminosity shine 0.7s, so move in circles.
Technical solution B:
Positioned at intermediate LED with 50Mcd/m2Luminosity continuous luminous, the LED positioned at both sides is with 5000Mcd/m2's Luminosity and with the cycle of 0.8s and the visual strobe light emission of 12.5% duty cycle.
Technical solution C:
Positioned at intermediate LED with 50Mcd/m2Luminosity and with the cycle of 0.8s and the visual frequency of 87.5% duty cycle Shwoot light, the LED positioned at both sides is with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with time complementary type alternately shine.
In control circuit between each spike nail light(530)Control under can wireless synchronization be realized by wireless communication module Or synchronization delay shines.
Control circuit(530)Housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(512)Cavity in.
Charge storage element(540):
Charge storage element(540)For lithium iron phosphate storage battery, housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(512)Cavity in.
Encapsulating material(561)(562):
Encapsulating material includes(561)(562).
Wherein, encapsulating material(561)For screw, housing is penetrated(511)On mounting hole in and by housing(511)It is fixed on Housing(513)Top, then with packaging plastic inject mounting hole interior sealing.
Encapsulating material(562)For sealing ring, housing(512)Housing is fixed on by sealing ring(513)Cavity in.
The new type solar energy embedded luminous spike nail light of the one species cylinder of the present embodiment is dug first on road surface during installation Then spike nail light is fixed on the mounting hole on road surface by hole with epoxy resin, make spike nail light top surface concordant with road surface, pass through control LED light source(520)It is shone with technical solution A or technical solution B or technical solution C, so as to ensure visual strobe light emission effect On the basis of can uninterruptedly shine, existing long-range induction, warning function, and have short range assisting lighting function are realized to machine The all standing service of motor-car, non-motor vehicle driver and pedestrian;And make spike nail light is whole to shine in strobe effect and stroboscopic effect Obtain balance between answering, i.e., under appropriate strobe effect, in the identification to people and to obtaining balance between the comfort level of human eye, So as to take into account the physiological reaction of people and psychoreaction, traffic safety is improved;And existing stroboscopic railway spike is eliminated in lights The security risk that interval is brought due to driver precepitates into dark;It particularly can be under the conditions of amblyopia feel to automobile driver Speed sense, distance perspective, direction feeling are provided(Direction, position), further improve road safety;And the utility model spike nail light pair The spike nail light to shine than existing different flash patterns(LED i.e. on spike nail light is with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with the week of 0.8s Phase and the visual strobe light emission of 12.5% duty cycle), since the luminosity of LED is approx directly proportional to luminous power, therefore with skill Exemplified by art option A, the single side power consumption of the utility model spike nail light merely adds 5000 ÷ of about 50 ÷(0.1÷0.8)×(1-(0.1 ÷0.8))=7% or so, the power consumption increase of technical solution B, C is approximate with technical solution A, i.e., increase the base of power consumption in minimal amount On plinth, above-mentioned advantage is achieved that.It is increased in skill upgrading and function, have little influence on holding for single photovoltaic electric power storage Continuous working time, application range are wider.
Embodiment six
A kind of new type solar energy convex type luminous reflecting spike nail light of the class tetragonous stage body with installation foot, including housing (611)(612)(613), LED light source(620), control circuit(630), charge storage element(640), photovoltaic device(650), package material Material, as shown in figure 13.
Housing(611)(612)(613):
Housing by(611)(612)(613)Three parts form.
Wherein, housing(611)It is transparent PC resin by rectangle cover made of Shooting Technique as optical transmission window, From housing(612)Top insertion housing(612)Open top in, and pass through encapsulating material fix encapsulation.
Housing(612)For cast aluminum casings.Housing(612)Top for truncated rectangular pyramids, lower part is cuboid, and top is equipped with and opens Mouthful, cavity is internally provided with, bottom center is equipped with installation foot.Housing(612)Two trapezoidal sides of opposite class of top truncated rectangular pyramids On be respectively equipped with two recess opening out, the centre of the two grooves is respectively equipped with three circular through holes.
Housing(613)It is that transparent PMMA resins carry microprism by both sides made of Shooting Technique as optical transmission window The trapezoidal transparent body of class of retroreflective structure, from housing(612)Oblique upper be respectively embedded into housing(612)Described two opposite flanks Groove in, and pass through encapsulating material fix encapsulation.
LED light source(620):
LED light source(620)For the straw hat formula yellow light LED of pin package, it is arranged in a straight line and is welded to bar shaped aluminum-based circuit board On, then from housing(612)Bottom opening penetrate housing(612)The circular through hole of the trapezoidal groove of described two opposite flanks It is interior, at this point, LED light source(620)Luminous principal direction and horizontal direction parallel.
Control circuit(630):
Control circuit(630)To carry the control circuit of microcontroller and wireless communication module, pass through circuit and LED light source (620)It is connected, there is charge and discharge control, and can the keying of control circuit and control LED light source(620)With technical solution A Or technical solution B or technical solution C shine so that spike nail light on the basis of visual strobe light emission effect is ensured can not between It is disconnected to shine.
Technical solution A:
All LED are alternately shone with the cycle light and shade of 1s, i.e., in a cycle, first with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity hair Light 0.2s, then with 100Mcd/m2Luminosity shine 0.8s, so move in circles.
Technical solution B:
Positioned at intermediate LED with 100Mcd/m2Luminosity continuous luminous, the LED positioned at both sides is with 5000Mcd/m2's Luminosity and with the cycle of 1s and the visual strobe light emission of 20% duty cycle.
Technical solution C:
Positioned at intermediate LED with 100Mcd/m2Luminosity and sent out with the cycle of 1s and the visual stroboscopic of 80% duty cycle Light, the LED positioned at both sides is with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with time complementary type alternately shine.
In control circuit between each spike nail light(630)Control under can wireless synchronization be realized by wireless communication module Or synchronization delay shines.
Control circuit(630)Housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(612)Cavity in.
Charge storage element(640):
Charge storage element(640)For nickel-metal hydride battery, housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(612)Cavity in.Photovoltaic device Part(650):
Photovoltaic device(650)For rectangle single-crystalline-silicon solar-cell panel, from housing(612)Top be fixed to housing (612)Open top in, and pass through housing(611)It fixes and encapsulates with encapsulating material.
Encapsulating material:
Encapsulating material is PU packaging plastics, and seal is formed by curing from the bottom embedding of spike nail light.
A kind of new type solar energy convex type luminous reflecting spike nail light of the class tetragonous stage body with installation foot of the present embodiment, Two opposite flanks of spike nail light all have retroreflectivity, and pass through control LED light source(520)With technical solution A or technology Option b or technical solution C shine, and can be realized on the basis of visual strobe light emission effect is ensured by afterglow uninterrupted It shines, existing long-range induction, warning function, and have short range assisting lighting function, it realizes to motor vehicle, non-motor vehicle driver With all standing service of pedestrian;And whole the shining of spike nail light is made to obtain balance between strobe effect and stroboscopic effect, that is, exist It is anti-so as to take into account the physiology of people in the identification to people and to obtaining balance between the comfort level of human eye under appropriate strobe effect Should and psychoreaction, improve traffic safety;And existing stroboscopic railway spike is eliminated in lights interval because driver falls into suddenly Enter security risk that is dark and bringing;Particularly can amblyopia feel under the conditions of to automobile driver provide speed sense, distance perspective, Direction feeling(Direction, position), further improve road safety;The utility model spike nail light compares what existing different flash patterns shone Spike nail light(LED i.e. on spike nail light is with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with the cycle of 1s and the visual stroboscopic of 20% duty cycle It shines), since the luminosity of LED is approx directly proportional to luminous power, therefore by taking technical solution A as an example, the utility model road The single side power consumption of nail lamp merely adds 5000 ÷ of about 100 ÷(0.2÷1)×(1-(0.2÷1))=8% or so, technical solution B, C Power consumption increase it is approximate with technical solution A, i.e., on the basis of increasing power consumption, be achieved that above-mentioned advantage in minimal amount.In skill In the case of art promotion and function are increased, the continuous working period of single photovoltaic electric power storage is had little influence on, application range is wider.
Embodiment seven
The embedded luminous spike nail light of new type solar energy of one species cylinder, including housing(711)(712)(713)、LED Light source(721)(722), control circuit(730), charge storage element(740), photovoltaic device(750), encapsulating material(761)(762), As shown in figure 14.
Housing(711)(712)(713):
Housing by(711)(712)(713)Three parts form.
Wherein, housing(711)As optical transmission window, it is in arc to pass through slightly upward protrusion made of Shooting Technique for transparent PC Face, around set up circular non-opaque cover there are four mounting hole separately.
Housing(712)As inner support body, for white ABS resin by Shooting Technique it is molding, by intermediate rectangular The pedestal of body and the prismatoid of opposite sides composition.Housing(712)The top of cuboid is equipped with rectangular recess, and bottom is equipped with and opens Mouthful, it is internally provided with cavity;Housing(712)The inclined-plane of prismatoid is oppositely arranged, and one and installation road are respectively equipped on inclined-plane Face parallel direction is in the rectangular recess of 60 degree of angles.
Housing(713)To carry the class cylinder bottom case of upward opening cavity made of stainless steel.
Housing(712)Pass through encapsulating material(762)Fixed to housing(713)Cavity in, housing(711)From housing (713)Top pass through encapsulating material(761)With housing(713)It is combined as a whole.
LED light source(721)(722):
LED light source by(721)(722)Two parts form.
Wherein, LED light source(722)As point light source, for the direct insertion yellow light LED of pin package, rectangle aluminium is welded to On base circuit board;LED light source(721)For the chip type white light LED of SMD encapsulation, arrange and be welded to rectangle aluminum-based circuit board Upper LED light source(722)Around, and face battle array is arranged in together with the LED of the pin package;Again by the rectangle aluminium base Wiring board is adhesively fixed by encapsulating material in housing(712)In the groove of the prismatoid of opposite sides;At this point, LED light source (721)(722)Luminous principal direction and horizontal direction subtract 60 degree equal to 30 degree of angles in 90 degree.
Control circuit(730):
Control circuit(730)To carry the control circuit of microcontroller and wireless communication module, pass through circuit and LED light respectively Source(721)、(722)It is connected, there is charge and discharge control, and the keying of energy control circuit and controls respectively and drive LED light Source(721)With 50Mcd/m2Luminosity continuous luminous, LED light source(722)With 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with 1s's Cycle and the visual strobe light emission of 10% duty cycle.
In control circuit between each spike nail light(730)Control under can wireless synchronization be realized by wireless communication module Or synchronization delay shines.
Control circuit(730)Housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(713)Cavity in.
Charge storage element(740):
Charge storage element(740)For lithium iron phosphate storage battery, housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(713)Cavity in.
Encapsulating material(761)(762):
Encapsulating material includes(761)(762).
Wherein, encapsulating material(761)For screw, housing is penetrated(711)On mounting hole in and by housing(711)It is fixed on Housing(713)Top, then with packaging plastic inject mounting hole interior sealing.
Encapsulating material(762)For sealing ring, housing(712)Housing is fixed on by sealing ring(713)Cavity in.
The new type solar energy embedded luminous spike nail light of the one species cylinder of the present embodiment is dug first on road surface during installation Then spike nail light is fixed on the mounting hole on road surface by hole with epoxy resin, make spike nail light top surface surrounding concordant with road surface, by dividing It does not control and drives chip type white light LED with relatively low luminosity 50Mcd/m2Continuous luminous and horizontally disposed straw hat formula Yellow light LED is with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with the cycle of 1s and the visual strobe light emission of 10% duty cycle, so as to ensure Uninterrupted luminous, existing long-range induction, warning function can be realized on the basis of visual strobe light emission effect by afterglow, There is short range assisting lighting function again, realize all standing service to motor vehicle, non-motor vehicle driver and pedestrian and make railway spike Whole the shining of lamp obtains balance between strobe effect and stroboscopic effect, i.e., under appropriate strobe effect, in the identification to people It spends and to obtaining balance between the comfort level of human eye, so as to take into account the physiological reaction of people and psychoreaction, improves traffic safety; And eliminate the security risk that existing stroboscopic railway spike is brought in lights interval due to driver precepitates into dark;Particularly Under the conditions of amblyopia feel speed sense, distance perspective, direction feeling can be provided to automobile driver(Direction, position), further promoted Road safety;And the comparison of the utility model spike nail light only has the spike nail light that different flash patterns shine(Water is provided only on spike nail light Square to setting with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with the cycle of 1s and the straw hat of the visual strobe light emission of 10% duty cycle Formula white light LEDs), since the luminosity of LED is approx directly proportional to luminous power, therefore the single side work(of the utility model spike nail light Consumption merely adds 5000 ÷ 10%=10% or so of about 50 ÷, i.e., on the basis of increasing power consumption, be achieved that above-mentioned excellent in minimal amount Point.It is increased in skill upgrading and function, have little influence on the continuous working period of single photovoltaic electric power storage, application range It is wider.
Embodiment eight
The new type solar energy convex type luminous reflecting spike nail light of one species truncated rectangular pyramids body, including housing(811)(812) (813), LED light source(821)(822)(823), control circuit(830), charge storage element(840), photovoltaic device(850), reflex reflection Material(880), encapsulating material, as shown in Figure 16,17.
Housing:
Housing by(811)(812)(813)Three parts form.
Wherein, housing(811)It is transparent PC resin by rectangle cover made of Shooting Technique, from housing(812)'s Top is embedded in housing(812)Open top in, and pass through encapsulating material fix encapsulation.
Housing(812)It is molded for ABS resin by Shooting Technique.Housing(812)Top for truncated rectangular pyramids, lower part is rectangular Body above has opening, is internally provided with cavity.Housing(812)On two trapezoidal sides of opposite class of top truncated rectangular pyramids respectively If there are two recess opening out, the both sides of the two grooves are respectively equipped with a circular through hole.
Housing(813)For transparent PMMA resins by made of Shooting Technique, it is intermediate with microprism retroreflective structure The trapezoidal transparent panel of class, housing is fixed on by supersonic thermal setting(812)In the groove of described two opposite flanks.
LED light source(821)(822)(823):
LED light source by(821)(822)(823)Three parts form.
Wherein, LED light source(821)For the chip type white light LED of SMD encapsulation, it is arranged in a straight line and is welded to bar shaped aluminium base electricity On the plate of road.
LED light source(822)For rectangle light guide plate.
LED light source(821)LED light source is fixed on by transparent enclosure glue bond(822)Opposite sides side formed one Area source is whole, then this is fixed on housing entirely through structure is agreed with(813)The lower section of microprism retroreflective structure.
LED light source(823)For the straw hat formula yellow light LED of pin package, from housing(812)Bottom opening be fixed to housing (812)In the circular through hole of the groove of described two opposite flanks, at this point, LED light source(823)Luminous principal direction and level side To parallel.
Control circuit(830):
Control circuit(830)To carry the control circuit of microcontroller and wireless communication module, pass through circuit and LED light respectively Source(821)、(823)It is connected, there is charge and discharge control, and the keying of energy control circuit and controls respectively and drive LED light Source(821)With 60Mcd/m2Luminosity continuous luminous, LED light source(823)With 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with 1s's Cycle and the visual strobe light emission of 20% duty cycle.
In control circuit between each spike nail light(830)Control under wireless synchronization can be realized by wireless communication module Or synchronization delay shines.
Control circuit(830)Housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(812)Cavity in.
Charge storage element(840):
Charge storage element(840)For lithium iron phosphate storage battery, housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(812)Cavity in.
Photovoltaic device(850):
Photovoltaic device(850)For rectangle single-crystalline-silicon solar-cell panel, from housing(812)Top be fixed to housing (812)Open top in, and pass through housing(811)It fixes and encapsulates with encapsulating material.
Encapsulating material:
Encapsulating material is epoxy packages glue, and seal is formed by curing from the bottom embedding of spike nail light.
The new type solar energy convex type luminous reflecting spike nail light of the one species truncated rectangular pyramids body of the present embodiment, two of spike nail light Opposite flank all has retroreflectivity, and passes through on two opposite flanks chip type white light LED with relatively low luminosity 60Mcd/m2Continuous luminous and horizontally disposed straw hat formula yellow light LED are with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with the cycle of 1s and The 20% visual strobe light emission of duty cycle, so as to which afterglow reality can be passed through on the basis of visual strobe light emission effect is ensured Now uninterrupted to shine, existing long-range induction, warning function, and have short range assisting lighting function are realized to motor vehicle, non-maneuver The all standing service of vehicle driver and pedestrian and the acquirement between strobe effect and stroboscopic effect that shines for making spike nail light whole are flat Weighing apparatus, i.e., under appropriate strobe effect, in the identification to people and to obtaining balance between the comfort level of human eye, so as to take into account people's Physiological reaction and psychoreaction, improve traffic safety;And existing stroboscopic railway spike is eliminated in lights interval because of driver Precepitate into security risk that is dark and bringing;Particularly can amblyopia feel under the conditions of to automobile driver provide speed sense, Distance perspective, direction feeling(Direction, position), further improve road safety;And the comparison of the utility model spike nail light only has stroboscopic The spike nail light that pattern shines(It is provided only on spike nail light horizontally arranged with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with 1s's Cycle and the straw hat formula white light LEDs of the visual strobe light emission of 20% duty cycle), since the luminosity of LED is approximate with luminous power Ground is directly proportional, therefore the single side power consumption of the utility model spike nail light merely adds 5000 ÷ 20%=6% or so of about 60 ÷, i.e., seldom On the basis of amount ground increases power consumption, above-mentioned advantage is achieved that.It is increased in skill upgrading and function, it has little influence on The continuous working period of single photovoltaic electric power storage, application range are wider.
Embodiment nine
The partially embedded luminous reflecting spike nail light of new type solar energy of one species truncated rectangular pyramids body, including housing(911) (912), LED light source(920), control circuit(930), charge storage element(940), photovoltaic device(950), reflecting material(980)、 Encapsulating material, as shown in figure 18.
Housing(911)(912):
Housing by(911)(912)Two parts form.
Wherein, housing(911)Itself passes through class truncated rectangular pyramids made of Shooting Technique as optical transmission window for transparent PC resin The transparent face-piece of body.Housing(911)Bottom be equipped with opening, be internally provided with cavity, set respectively on two trapezoidal sides of opposite class There are three outwardly open rectangular recess, bottom surface and the installation road surface parallel direction of the groove are in 57 degree of angles(That is LED's The principal direction that shines subtracts 57 degree of angles equal to 33 degree of angles for an angle of 90 degrees), other two side is respectively equipped with a mounting hole.
Housing(912)As optical transmission window, be transparent PC resin by made of Shooting Technique, lower surface be frosting The rectangle transparent body, from housing(911)Oblique upper be respectively embedded into housing(911)Described two opposite flanks are located at the recessed of centre In slot, and fixed and encapsulated by encapsulating material.
LED light source(920):
LED light source(920)For COB white light plane light sources, then from housing(911)Oblique upper be fixed on housing(911)Institute It states two opposite flanks to be located in intermediate groove, and passes through housing(912)With encapsulating material enclosed package.
Control circuit(930):
Control circuit(930)To carry the control circuit of microcontroller and wireless communication module, pass through circuit and LED light source (920)It is connected, there is charge and discharge control, and can the keying of control circuit and control LED light source(920)All LED with The cycle light and shade of 1s alternately shines, i.e., in a cycle, first with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity shine 0.1s, then with 80Mcd/ m2Luminosity shine 1s, so move in circles.
In control circuit between each spike nail light(930)Control under can wireless synchronization be realized by wireless communication module Or synchronization delay shines.
Control circuit(930)Housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(911)Cavity in.
Charge storage element(940):
Charge storage element(940)For nickel-metal hydride battery, housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(911)Cavity in.Photovoltaic device Part(950):
Photovoltaic device(950)For rectangle single-crystalline-silicon solar-cell panel, from housing(911)Bottom opening pass through it is transparent Packaging plastic is fixed to housing(911)Below top inner surface.
Reflecting material(980):
Reflecting material(980)For the reflective lattice plate of rectangle, it is adhesively fixed respectively in housing by encapsulating material(911) Described two opposite flanks are located in the groove on both sides.
Encapsulating material:
Encapsulating material is PU packaging plastics, and seal is formed by curing from the bottom embedding of spike nail light.
The partially embedded luminous reflecting spike nail light of new type solar energy of one species truncated rectangular pyramids body, when installation, are partly embedded into road Face is partly higher by road surface.Two opposite flanks of the spike nail light all have retroreflectivity, and pass through control LED light source with The cycle light and shade of 1s alternately shines, i.e., in a cycle, first with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity shine 0.1s, then with 80Mcd/ m2Luminosity shine 1s, so move in circles, so as to can be by remaining on the basis of visual strobe light emission effect is ensured Brightness shines, and realization is uninterrupted to shine, existing long-range induction, warning function, and has short range assisting lighting function, realizes to motor-driven The all standing service of vehicle, non-motor vehicle driver and pedestrian;And make spike nail light is whole to shine in strobe effect and stroboscopic effect Between obtain balance, i.e., under appropriate strobe effect, in the identification to people and to obtaining balance between the comfort level of human eye, from And physiological reaction and the psychoreaction of people are taken into account, improve traffic safety;And existing stroboscopic railway spike is eliminated between lights It has a rest the security risk brought due to driver precepitates into dark;Automobile driver can particularly be carried under the conditions of amblyopia feel For speed sense, distance perspective, direction feeling(Direction, position), further improve road safety;The comparison of the utility model spike nail light is existing There is the spike nail light that different flash patterns shine(LED i.e. on spike nail light is with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with the cycle of 1s and 10% The visual strobe light emission of duty cycle), since the luminosity of LED is approx directly proportional to luminous power, thus using technical solution A as Example, the single side power consumption of the utility model spike nail light merely add 5000 ÷ of about 80 ÷(0.1÷1)×(1-(0.1÷1))=14.4% Left and right, i.e., on the basis of increasing power consumption, be achieved that above-mentioned advantage in minimal amount.In skill upgrading and the increased situation of function Under, the continuous working period of single photovoltaic electric power storage is had little influence on, application range is wider.
Embodiment ten
The new type solar energy convex type of one species cylinder shines spike nail light, including housing(1010), LED light source(1021) (1022), control circuit(1030), charge storage element(1040), photovoltaic device(1050), encapsulating material, as shown in figure 19.
Housing(1010):
Housing(1010)The effects that being used as optical transmission window in itself, mainly playing light transmission, receiving, pressure-bearing, protection is transparent PC trees Fat by the molding top of Shooting Technique is raised slightly and is equipped with opening, the class cylinder for being internally provided with cavity in cambered surface, bottom upwards The transparent face-piece of body.
Housing(1010)Opposite inclined-plane there are two being set in the cambered surface of top.
LED light source(1021)(1022):
LED light source by(1021)(1022)Composition.
Wherein, LED light source(1021)With(1022)Respectively round end green light F5 lamp beads and round end white light F5 lamp beads, interval row It arranges into linear array and is welded on bar shaped wiring board, at this point, LED light source(1021)(1022)It is located exactly at housing(1010)Top surface two The lower section of a opposed facets, and it is parallel with installation road surface.
Control circuit(1030):
Control circuit(1030)To carry the control circuit of microcontroller and wireless communication module, by circuit respectively with LED Light source(1021)(1022)It is connected, there is charge and discharge control, and the keying of energy control circuit.Control circuit(1030)It can also It controls and drives LED light source(1021)With 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with the cycle of 1s and the visual frequency of 15% duty cycle Shwoot light, while control and drive LED light source(420)In white light LEDs with 60Mcd/m2Luminosity and complementary with the time Form alternately shines.
In control circuit between each spike nail light(1030)Control under can be realized by wireless communication module it is wireless same Step or synchronization delay shine.
Control circuit(1030)Housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(1010)Photovoltaic device in cavity(1050)Lower section.
Charge storage element(1040):
Charge storage element(1040)For lithium iron phosphate storage battery, housing is encapsulated in by encapsulating material(1010)Cavity in light Lie prostrate device(1050)Lower section.
Photovoltaic device(1050):
Photovoltaic device(1050)For rectangle single-crystalline-silicon solar-cell panel, housing is located at(1010)In the top of cavity Centre, and encapsulated by encapsulating material.
Encapsulating material:
Encapsulating material is epoxy packages glue, and seal is formed by curing from the bottom embedding of spike nail light.
The new type solar energy convex type of the one species cylinder of the present embodiment shines spike nail light, respectively by white light LEDs with Relatively low luminosity 60Mcd/m2And with the cycle of 1s and the visual strobe light emission of 85% duty cycle be continuous and red-light LED with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and alternately shone with time complementary type, so as to ensure the basis of visual strobe light emission effect On can uninterruptedly shine, existing long-range induction, warning function, and have short range assisting lighting function are realized to motor vehicle, non- Automobile drivers and all standing service of pedestrian;And whole the shining of spike nail light is made to be taken between strobe effect and stroboscopic effect It must balance, i.e., under appropriate strobe effect, in the identification to people and to obtaining balance between the comfort level of human eye, so as to take into account The physiological reaction of people and psychoreaction, improve traffic safety;And alternately shone by different wave length LED, improve spike nail light Degree of warning and mark degree;And existing stroboscopic railway spike is eliminated in lights interval band when driver precepitates into dark The security risk come;Particularly speed sense, distance perspective, direction feeling can be provided to automobile driver under the conditions of amblyopia feel(Side To, position), further improve road safety;And the comparison of the utility model spike nail light only has the spike nail light that different flash patterns shine (It is provided only on spike nail light with 5000Mcd/m2Luminosity and with the cycle of 1s and the visual strobe light emission of 15% duty cycle Round end green light F5 lamp beads), since the luminosity of LED is approx directly proportional to luminous power, therefore the utility model spike nail light Single side power consumption merely add 5000 ÷ 15% × 85%=6.8% or so of about 60 ÷, i.e., on the basis of increasing power consumption in minimal amount, It is achieved that above-mentioned advantage.It is increased in skill upgrading and function, have little influence on the lasting work of single photovoltaic electric power storage Make the time, application range is wider.
The foregoing is merely the preferred versions of the utility model, are not intended to limit the utility model, all in this reality Within new spirit and principle, various modifications or changes, combination or the superposition made, equivalent substitution etc. or by this skill Art is applied to related and similar techniques field, should be included in the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (26)

1. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light, including housing(1), LED light source(2), control circuit(3), charge storage element(4), light Lie prostrate device(5), encapsulating material(6);The housing(1)To carry cavity or hole or groove or supporting member, and at top The light penetrating object of optical transmission window or partial light permeability body are respectively equipped with equipped with optical transmission window or at top and side;Photovoltaic device(5) It is located at housing(1)Light-transmission top beneath window, LED light source(2)It is located at housing(1)Cavity or hole or recessed below optical transmission window In slot or in supporting member, LED light source(2), charge storage element(4), photovoltaic device(5)Pass through circuit and control circuit respectively(3) It is connected;Housing(1)Pass through encapsulating material(6)By LED light source(2), control circuit(3), charge storage element(4), photovoltaic device(5)Envelope Dress is integrated;It is characterized in that:The spike nail light at least below an optical transmission window be equipped with along optical transmission window from it is interior to Luminous LED light source outside(2);The LED light source(2)For point light source or array light source or area source or both and the two Above combined light source;The control circuit(3)To have the function of charge and discharge control, and with control and driving LED light Source(2)Therein at least one or one group of LED light source is in signal period with opposite high brightness and relatively low luminosity The control circuit for the function of periodically uninterruptedly shining.
2. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light, including housing(1), LED light source(2), control circuit(3), charge storage element(4), light Lie prostrate device(5), encapsulating material(6);The housing(1)To carry cavity or hole or groove or supporting member, and at top The light penetrating object of optical transmission window or partial light permeability body are respectively equipped with equipped with optical transmission window or at top and side;Photovoltaic device(5) It is located at housing(1)Light-transmission top beneath window, LED light source(2)It is located at housing(1)Cavity or hole or recessed below optical transmission window In slot or in supporting member, LED light source(2), charge storage element(4), photovoltaic device(5)Pass through circuit and control circuit respectively(3) It is connected;Housing(1)Pass through encapsulating material(6)By LED light source(2), control circuit(3), charge storage element(4), photovoltaic device(5)Envelope Dress is integrated;It is characterized in that:The spike nail light at least below an optical transmission window be equipped with along optical transmission window from it is interior to Luminous LED light source outside(2);The LED light source(2)For point light source or array light source or area source or both and the two Above combined light source, and be divided into no less than two power supply grouping LED light source respectively with control circuit(3)It is connected;Described Control circuit(3)To have the function of charge and discharge control, and with control and at least one set of LED light source is driven to shine with relatively low Brightness be visually always on it is luminous and meanwhile control and drive at least one set of LED light source with opposite high brightness and certain cycle and The control circuit of the function of the visual strobe light emission of duty cycle.
3. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light, including housing(1), LED light source(2), control circuit(3), charge storage element(4), light Lie prostrate device(5), encapsulating material(6);The housing(1)To carry cavity or hole or groove or supporting member, and at top The light penetrating object of optical transmission window or partial light permeability body are respectively equipped with equipped with optical transmission window or at top and side;Photovoltaic device(5) It is located at housing(1)Light-transmission top beneath window, LED light source(2)It is located at housing(1)Cavity or hole or recessed below optical transmission window In slot or in supporting member, LED light source(2), charge storage element(4), photovoltaic device(5)Pass through circuit and control circuit respectively(3) It is connected;Housing(1)Pass through encapsulating material(6)By LED light source(2), control circuit(3), charge storage element(4), photovoltaic device(5)Envelope Dress is integrated;It is characterized in that:The spike nail light at least below an optical transmission window be equipped with along optical transmission window from it is interior to Luminous LED light source outside(2);The LED light source(2)For point light source or array light source or area source or both and the two Above combined light source, and be divided into no less than two power supply grouping LED light source respectively with control circuit(3)It is connected;Described Control circuit(3)To have the function of charge and discharge control, and with control and one of which LED light source is driven with certain cycle It when the visual strobe light emission of relatively low luminosity while controls with duty and drives remaining LED light source with certain cycle With duty when with respect to high brightness chronologically and with the control of the complementary simultaneously function that reduplicative forms shine of time complementation or time Circuit processed.
4. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The LED light source(2)For point Combined light source more than light source or array light source or area source or both and the two, and it is divided into the LED of two power supply groupings Light source respectively with control circuit(3)It is connected;The control circuit(3)For there is control and drive one of which LED light source with Certain cycle and relatively large the duty when relatively low visual strobe light emission of luminosity, while control and drive another group LED light source is when chronologically handed over respect to high brightness and with time complementary type with identical cycle and relatively small duty For the control circuit of luminous function.
5. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:One group of LED light source is The combined light source of the LED light source to be shone respectively with different luminosity simultaneously.
6. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:The LED light source (2)The LED light source of wherein at least two power supply grouping is respectively the LED light source of different luminous dominant wavelengths;Or LED light source (2)The LED light source therein to be shone with relatively low luminosity and the LED light source to be shone with opposite high brightness are respectively not With the LED light source of luminous dominant wavelength.
7. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The LED light source(2)For LED point light source be arranged in the LED light source of linear array or be LED point light source be arranged in face battle array LED light source or be COB area light source, Or the LED light source or above-mentioned LED point light source or array light source to be converted by light diffusion component or light guide plate area source Combination is composition word or symbol or the LED area array light source of pattern or the LED light source of area source.
8. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The LED light source(2)For The LED point light source of the LED point light source of COB encapsulation or the pin package with collector lens is arranged in the LED light source of linear array or is The LED point light source of SMD encapsulation is arranged in the LED light source of face battle array or be COB area light source or be, component or led by light diffusion Tabula rasa is converted into LED point light source or array light source the LED light source of area source.
9. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:The LED light source(2) It is therein using the LED light source that relatively low luminosity shines as LED point light source be arranged in face battle array LED light source or be COB faces light Source or for by light spread component or light guide plate LED point light source or array light source be converted into area source LED light source or Said combination is composition word or symbol or the LED area array light source of pattern or the LED light source of area source;It is therein with opposite The LED light source that high brightness shines is LED point light source.
10. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:The LED light source(2) It is therein to be equipped with light diffusion element by wide-angle luminescence LED or the principal direction that shines of the LED that relatively low luminosity shines LED, the LED light source(2)It is therein using the LED that opposite high brightness shines as narrow angle it is light-emitting LED or shine main side The LED of collective optics is equipped with upwards.
11. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:The LED light source(2) It is therein using the LED light source that relatively low luminosity shines as the SMD LED point light sources encapsulated be arranged in face battle array LED light source or For COB area light source or for LED point light source or array light source are converted into area source by light diffusion component or light guide plate LED light source or said combination;The LED light source(2)It is therein to be sealed by COB of the LED light source that opposite high brightness shines The LED point light source of the LED point light source of dress or pin package with collector lens.
12. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:The spike nail light The lower section of the optical transmission window of light-emitting surface is shone with opposite high brightness and shine principal direction and peace at least provided with one or a set of Fill LED light source of the road surface parallel direction in the angle between 0 degree to 45 degree.
13. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:The LED light source(2) The angle of the luminous principal direction of the LED light source therein to be shone with relatively low luminosity and installation road surface parallel direction be more than or Equal to the angle of the luminous principal direction and installation road surface parallel direction of the LED light source therein to be shone with opposite high brightness.
14. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:The LED light source(2) The LED light source therein to be shone with relatively low luminosity be located at around the LED light source to be shone with opposite high brightness or Both sides or centre.
15. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:The housing(1)It is interior LED equipped with the pin packages with collector lens that are multiple, being arranged in linear array, the control circuit(3)To have control And drive and shone positioned at intermediate LED with opposite high brightness, while control and drive the LED positioned at both sides with relatively low hair The function or control and the LED positioned at centre is driven to shine with relatively low luminosity that brightness shines, while control and drive Function that the dynamic LED positioned at both sides is shone with opposite high brightness or by LED light source(2)It is divided into two power supplies by interval The LED of grouping, and control and LED of the one of power supply grouping of driving is shone with relatively low luminosity, at the same control and The control circuit of function that LED of another power supply grouping therein is driven to shine with opposite high brightness.
16. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:The housing(1)It is interior LED equipped with the pin package with collector lens, the both sides of the LED of the pin package, which are respectively equipped with, is arranged in face battle array The LED or COB area light source of SMD encapsulation, the control circuit(3)For there is control and drive the LED of pin package with opposite High brightness shines, while controls and drive the LED or the work(that shines with relatively low luminosity of COB area light source that SMD encapsulates The control circuit of energy.
17. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:The housing(1)It is interior LED or COB area light source equipped with the SMD encapsulation for being arranged in face battle array, the LED area array or COB area light source of SMD encapsulation Both sides are respectively equipped with the LED of the pin package with collector lens, the control circuit(3)For there is control and drive pin The LED of encapsulation is shone with opposite high brightness, at the same control and drive SMD encapsulate LED or COB area light source with relatively low The control circuit for the function that luminosity shines.
18. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:The housing(1)It is interior LED or housing equipped with SMD encapsulation that are multiple, being arranged in face battle array(1)It is interior to be equipped with COB area light source;The control circuit (3)For there is control and the LED being located among the battle array of face is driven to shine with relatively low luminosity, while control and drive positioned at face The function or there is the LED for controlling and driving among the battle array of face that the LED on battle array both sides is shone respectively with opposite high brightness It is shone with opposite high brightness, while the work(for controlling and the LED positioned at face battle array both sides being driven to shine with relatively low luminosity The control circuit of energy.
19. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:The housing(1)It is interior Multiple SMD encapsulation is equipped with around LED equipped with the pin package with collector lens, the LED of the pin package LED, and be arranged in together with the LED of the pin package around the LED of face battle array or pin package and be equipped with COB faces light Source;The control circuit(3)For there is control and the LED of pin package is driven to shine with opposite high brightness, same to time control Make and drive the control circuit of the LED that SMD is encapsulated or the function that COB area light source is shone with relatively low luminosity.
20. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:The LED light source (2)Be additionally provided with long after glow luminous material over or around(7).
21. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:The housing(1) Upper or LED light source(2)Around be equipped with reflecting material(8), the reflecting material(8)For film-coating type reflecting material layer Or lattice-type reflecting material layer or micro-prism type reflecting material layer or reflecting glass Bead array chip or opal reflecting glass Bead; Or LED light source(2)Top or LED light source(2)The top of the LED light source therein to be shone with low luminosity is equipped with reflex reflection Material(8), the reflecting material(8)For light transmission lattice-type reflecting material layer or light transmission micro-prism type reflecting material Layer.
22. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:The control electricity Road(3)To carry the control circuit of sensor or wireless communication module;Or it is the control circuit with time control lighting function;Or it is With controlling and drive LED light source(2)The chronologically control circuit of the function of dynamic light-emitting;Or it is multiple with controlling and driving The control circuit of the function of synchronous light-emitting or the synchronous light-emitting that is delayed between railway spike;Or for outer by internal preset program or reception Portion's instruction, the control circuit for the function of shining or convert light-emitting mode.
23. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:The control electricity Road(3)For with grading control LED light source(2)The function that is shone with different luminosity or with control LED light source(2)Point The function that is not shone with different cycles or duty cycle or with control LED light source(2)Referred to different fluctuation depth or stroboscopic The luminous function of number has control LED light source(2)Luminosity change in the form of gradual change and different fluctuation depth and frequency The function or have the function of to adjust brightness by PWM dimming modes and fluctuate the control of depth and stroboscopic index that sudden strain of a muscle index shines Circuit processed.
24. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The control circuit(3)For With control LED light source(2)The Period Length that is shone in one cycle with opposite high brightness with relatively low luminance The control circuit of function of the ratio between the luminous Period Length of degree between 1/20 to 1.
25. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The control circuit(3)For With control LED light source(2)LED light source therein with relatively low luminosity strobe light emission is shone with therein with relatively high The control circuit of function of the ratio between the duty cycle of LED light source of brightness strobe light emission between 1/20 to 1.
26. a kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that:The control electricity Road(3)To have control LED light source(2)With the luminosity that opposite high brightness shines with being shone with relatively low luminosity Function between 2 to 300 of the ratio between luminosity control circuit.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107687135A (en) * 2017-10-25 2018-02-13 方显峰 A kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light and its control method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107687135A (en) * 2017-10-25 2018-02-13 方显峰 A kind of solar energy luminous spike nail light and its control method

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