CN207733466U - The one seed shrimp dish crop rotation ecologic breeding pool - Google Patents

The one seed shrimp dish crop rotation ecologic breeding pool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207733466U
CN207733466U CN201721837154.1U CN201721837154U CN207733466U CN 207733466 U CN207733466 U CN 207733466U CN 201721837154 U CN201721837154 U CN 201721837154U CN 207733466 U CN207733466 U CN 207733466U
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China
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water
sedimentation basin
clarifier
tank
partition
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Inventor
施建忠
李飞鹏
陈汉春
潘雪央
房珍珍
张增胜
刘伟
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Cixi Longwu Fisheries Professional Cooperative
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Cixi Longwu Fisheries Professional Cooperative
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/60Fishing; Aquaculture; Aquafarming

Abstract

The utility model discloses a seed shrimp dish crop rotation ecologic breeding pools, including sedimentation basin, filtering ponds, clarifier-tank, aquaculture pond, oxygen increasing equipment;Grid is equipped between sedimentation basin and aquaculture pond;Suction pump is equipped between clarifier-tank and aquaculture pond;Filtering ponds are between sedimentation basin and clarifier-tank;The high-order mouth of a river is equipped between sedimentation basin and filtering ponds;The low level mouth of a river is equipped between filtering ponds and clarifier-tank;Oxygen increasing equipment is located at water outlet of water pump;Clarifier-tank is equipped with external water pipe;Aquaculture pond bottom is equipped with the mud of 0.2~0.4m of thickness;The slopes the Chi Geng ratio of aquaculture pond is 1: 2.5.On the one hand using hardened mud of the strong feature of dishes fertilizer sucting ability such as the blue flower in west, potherb mustard and hot pickled mustard tubers, pond organic matter is reduced, on the other hand provides superior condition using the residual leaf that dish growth period leaves for the growth of Penaeus Vannmei;The dishes such as the blue flower in west, potherb mustard and hot pickled mustard tuber also greatly increase pond output benefit simultaneously.Land utilization efficiency is not only increased, and greatly improves the output benefit in unit area farmland.

Description

The one seed shrimp dish crop rotation ecologic breeding pool
Technical field
The utility model belongs to aquaculture field, and in particular to a kind of novel shrimp dish crop rotation ecologic breeding pool.
Background technology
With the expansion of fishery market demand, aquaculture has catered to people to aquatic products not with its great potential The disconnected demand increased and is grown rapidly, flourishing and cultivating scale for aquaculture cause is constantly expanding;With The rapid development of culture fishery, cultured area gradually expand, and result in the generation of a series of environmental problems, such as fresh water Cultivation continually develops land resources utilization rate caused by new culture pond and declines problem, and shrimp pool bed mud nitrogen and phosphorus content height is to often So that shrimp pool water quality is affected etc. and has become country and the problem of industry is extremely paid close attention to.Excessive Pond Silt has become closely Cultured output is restricted over year, causes the principal element broken out of aquatic products disease of cultivation, and it is larger to implement pond dredging transformation input, Cultivation unit is often difficult to bear with individual.
Due to the limitation of marine nature resources, the increased requirement of Aquatic products consumption amount, it is necessary to which the development by aquaculture is gone full Foot.But further expands water aquaculture and limited by resource and environment.Limit of traditional breeding way due to stocking density System, needs a large amount of water source, and shortage of water has become worldwide problem.In order to increase yield, production efficiency and fully is improved Using water source, high density intensive cultivation is widely adopted in recent years.Pond is artificial constructed small-sized breeding water body, is generally people Work auxotype(Or heterotroph)Cultivating system.Intensive pond culture is the high-density breeding system characterized by putting into artitificial food System.Investigation shows that the primary pollution source of intensive pond culture is that residual bait, the excreta of fishes and shrimps and metabolin, algae are residual Body and metabolin, pond waters disinfection and fishes and shrimps are cured the disease the pollutant that the chemicals used and allogenic water are brought into.It is artificial to raise The input of material so that intensive style cultivation causes the pollution of environment extremely serious, in terms of freshwater aquiculture, supports 1 ton of fresh-water fishes and generates Excrement be equivalent to the excrement amounts of 20 pigs, in terms of sea-farming, often produce 1 ton of shrimp and need to cast 3 tons~5 tons of feed, phase When in 1 ton~1.3 tons of protein, utilization rate but only has 20% or so, and a large amount of nitrogen flows into water body, causes the two of Cultivated water Secondary pollution.Simultaneously as the wastewater discharge involved by this feeding manner is larger, water process and contamination control are all more difficult. In addition, since Inland Water and coastal waters are influenced by industrial, civilian and agricultural pollution, water quality degenerates, and influences it and is used for aquatic products The applicability of cultivation leads to being further reduced using water source.Due to the fast development of pond-culture industry, in breeding production Water environmental problems are also constantly realized, and intensive pond circulation water healthy aquaculture has become important developing direction.
Invention content
The utility model discloses a kind of shrimp dish rotation system based on novel ecological culture pond, including aquaculture and vegetable Colza is planted, and alternately, the utility model " crop rotation " can efficiently use breeding spaces to the two, promote agricultural organic with aquatic products industry In conjunction with realization " field is multi-purpose, shrimp dish is double receives " realizes big benefit on a small scale, is a kind of high-quality, highly efficient and productive zoology breeding mould Formula;Aquaculture is carried out in annual 6-9 month periods, and vegetable cultivation is in annual October to May of next year period It carries out.For example the cultivation object of aquaculture is the Penaeus Vannmei for the summit of growth phase being 6-9 months, the object of vegetable cultivation is Vegetables, Xi Lanhua, potherb mustard and the hot pickled mustard tuber planting areas such as the blue flower in west, potherb mustard and the hot pickled mustard tuber of winter-spring season cultivation are interspersed.
The one seed shrimp dish crop rotation ecologic breeding pool, including sedimentation basin, filtering ponds, clarifier-tank, aquaculture pond, oxygen increasing equipment;It is described Grid is equipped between sedimentation basin and aquaculture pond;Suction pump is equipped between the clarifier-tank and aquaculture pond;The filtering ponds are located at heavy Between shallow lake pond and clarifier-tank;The high-order mouth of a river is equipped between the sedimentation basin and filtering ponds;It is set between the filtering ponds and clarifier-tank There is the low level mouth of a river;The oxygen increasing equipment is located at water outlet of water pump;The clarifier-tank is equipped with external water pipe;The aquaculture pond bottom Portion is equipped with the mud of 0.2~0.4m of thickness;The slopes the Chi Geng ratio of the aquaculture pond is 1: 2.5;Aquaculture period, ecologic breeding The pool is in the integrated mode of sedimentation basin+filtering ponds+clarifier-tank+aquaculture pond, the water in the ecologic breeding pool the bottom of each functional pool with Under the action of the depth displacement of the water surface, the direction of water body flow is:Aquaculture pond-sedimentation basin-filtering ponds-clarifier-tank, in clarifier-tank Water is constantly pumped in aquaculture pond under the action of water pump, in this way, the water in the ecologic breeding pool is able to constantly carry out recycle stream It is dynamic, improve the self-purification capacity of water body.
In the utility model, pond is divided into two, wherein about 15% realizes recirculated water for sedimentation basin, filtering ponds, clarifier-tank Purified treatment, in addition 85% aquaculture pond part is used for shrimp crab fish culture, while sedimentation basin, filtering ponds, clarifier-tank can be used as and educate Seedling area, aquaculture pond can be used as growing area;It is preferred that the area of sedimentation basin is cultivate pool area 4%, the area of filtering ponds is aquaculture pond The 8% of area, purification pool area are cultivate pool area 6%, and centre, which separates, such as piles up one of dam.Aquacultural water passes through The mode of overflow was flow into settling system in settling system after sediment fraction silt certainly after grid intercepts prawn Filter system, when water inlet flows through filtering layer from top to bottom, suspended matter and baregin particle in water are removed, to make the turbidity of water It reduces, enters back into water purification system, further remove the soluble noxious material of ammonia nitrogen, nitrite nitrogen etc. in water, form one Internal circulation system.
The utility model sedimentation basin High-rate sedimentation structure, filtration system efficiently cut dirty design, water purification system and cultivation Area ratio research in pond is implemented in combination with pond ecological breeding system water body-internal-circulation, both meets water demand, more it is main from Purifying water body;It forms circular biological regulation and control and improving environment in the environment of pond culture waters to integrate, realizes continuing for cultivation water Using with livestock waste " zero-emission ".
In the utility model, the sedimentation basin is equipped with first partition, second partition, third partition board;The first partition, Two partition boards, third partition board are set gradually;The first partition is located at grid;The first partition bottom surface is higher than sedimentation basin bottom Face;The second partition top surface is less than sedimentation basin top surface;Third partition board bottom surface is higher than sedimentation basin bottom surface, so as to mitigate Flow reaches best sedimentation effect;The area of the grid is 60% of the sedimentation basin side area where grid, can be met Breeding water body demand reaches the two-win of water and clean-up effect in conjunction with precipitation, filtering, Depurative design.It is preferred that the first partition It is equipped with inclined wire positioned at the side of second partition;The inclined wire and the angle of first partition are 30 degree, can weaken hydraulic impact, are prevented Only silt stirs, and can also stop some cotton-shaped light weight sundries;Sediment charge is higher in breeding water body, can be carried out in sedimentation basin Precipitation, prevents or delays the blocking of subsequent filter system, while also having one to nitrogen, phosphorus and other organic pollutions in diversion Fixed removal effect.
In the utility model, the filtering ponds set gradually drainage plate, strainer, inorganic filter material layer, microorganism from top to bottom Microballoon layer;The drainage plate is obliquely installed;The high one end of the drainage Board position is located at below the high-order mouth of a river;The drainage plate is set There are a plurality of rounding bench-type through-holes to improve hydrodynamic force, so as to avoid the water of high-order mouth of a river discharge only in the case where exit is flowed, profit The ability of entire filtration system can be activated with drainage plate;The low level mouth of a river is located at below microbe microsphere layer, preferably described Drainage plate is equipped with side wall;Filtration system in this system using inorganic matter, agent complex filtration system, when water inlet from top to bottom When flowing through filtering layer, suspended matter and baregin particle in water are removed, to make the haze reduction of water, then organic matter by except It goes, there are the spies such as device structure is simple, processing flow is big, recoil number is few, filter efficiency is high, resistance is small, operation is easy to maintenance Point.
In the utility model, the aquaculture pond bottom is equipped with the mud of 0.2~0.4m of thickness, preferably silt depth Deep 2 m of 0.3 m, preferably aquaculture pond pond, the slopes Chi Geng are than 1:2.5, vegetable cultivation period drains the water in culture pond, and pool bottom is not It oozes and does not leak, pond slope soil property is harder, convenient into draining, can remove excessive mud, flattens bottom of pond.
In the utility model, aquaculture pond bottom is equipped with all ditches and gutter, preferably 0.5 m of furrow width of week ditch, deeply 0.5 m, 0.3 m of furrow width in the gutter, deep 0.2 m are limited and are convenient for draining during vegetable cultivation with preferred water conservancy parameter and irrigate.Institute Gutter is stated to communicate with Zhou Gou, preferably gutter be " well " character form structure, to cultivate it is pool cultivated it is complete after, draining leveling furrow face can Using as vegetable cultivation field, while sedimentation basin, filtering ponds, clarifier-tank are directly as nursery field;Such as aquaculture period, South America White shrimp shrimp seedling injected volume is 40,000 tails/mu, and in vegetable cultivation period, seeding method is 15g/ mus, and rational close planting presses 60X40 centimetres Combination is transplanted, per acre 2700 ~ 3000 plants of density.Water level is cultivated depending on water temperature changes, grasps the principle of " the shallow summer in spring is full ", spring Ji Shuishen keeps 0.6~0.8 m, is conducive to water temperature and quickly increases, and Penaeus Vannmei is promoted to ingest growth;Summer water temperature is higher When, the depth of water is controlled in 1~1.2 m, is prevented water temperature over-high, is avoided the formation of " old man shrimp ".
In the utility model, the sedimentation basin is equipped with water body oxygen content detection device;The aquaculture pond setting water temperature detects Equipment;The clarifier-tank is equipped with water body organic element detection device, and equipment installation and purchase use belong to the prior art, more main It wants, the oxygen capacity situation in aquaculture pond can accurately be detected by the positioning setting of water body oxygen content detection device, be Oxygenation provides foundation, can accurately detect aquaculture pond temperature by the positioning setting of water temperature detection device, give and cultivate rationally Condition, water body organic element detection then intuitively tells the pool main self-loopa effect.
The utility model effectively control external source pollution while, by regulate and control aquatic ecosystem structure, restore nature, Health and the aquatic ecosystem function of stablizing, enhance the buffer capacity to external interference, and aquatic ecosystem is made to be in benign It is the optimal path of water environment treatment with sustainable recurrent state.Cultivation major pollutants are the plants such as organic matter, N, P, S battalion The toxicant that substance of nourishing one's nature is formed with conversion, pollutant can be divided into organic suspension state, organic gel figure and solubilised state by form Substance.The main forms of pollution are that increasing for aerobic substance causes oxygen demand to increase in pond, and then causes pond waters Anoxic causes the evil of cultivating pool water body environment quality so as to cause the formation etc. of aquatic animal toxicant under anoxia condition Change.Cultivating system provided by the utility model is supplement and waters living resources conservation to fishery under-fishing and can hold Supervention opens up the needs of culture fishery, can become the trend of the following cultivation.There is following major advantage:First, water-saving province Ground, since system itself uses auxiliary oxygenation and water treatment procedure, the circulatory system that can use high-density breeding, and Reusability Same water body had both reduced the dosage of water, also improved the utilization rate on ground;Second is that effect on environment is small, due to the circulatory system Itself has the processing capacity to the excreta of fish, and influence of these excretas to outside environment is made to reduce;In addition circulating water System greatly reduces the discharge capacity of waste water, convenient for the processing and management of the waste water of discharge.In circulating water treatment water purification technology In, the utility model handles aquiculture waste water compared with traditional peripheral doses and chemical remediation using ecological reestablishment, It is low with expense, take short, purification thoroughly, be not likely to produce secondary pollution, do not endanger breeding function, do not destroy the ecological balance etc. it is all More advantages.Clarifier-tank described in the utility model sets gradually photocatalysis porous ceramic plate, water plant layer, cobblestone from top to bottom Layer;The low level mouth of a river is located above pebble layer;The water inlet of the suction pump is located above photocatalysis porous ceramic plate, profit With triple synergistic effects of physics, chemistry and biology in the ecosystem, pass through filtering, absorption, precipitation, plant absorption and microorganism It decomposes etc. and to realize the high purification to sewage, especially suitable for biological prosthetic, the Neng Goushi inside an aquaculture system It should be in any environment.The result shows that ammonia nitrogen concentration is less than 0.4mg/L in water quality after purification, water outlet BOD removal rates are 62%, are administered Effect is very notable;Continuous 6 months after the test, and the biomass of shrimp increases by 3 times.
In the utility model, the sedimentation basin is rectangle structure, is conducive to precipitation and design installation partition board;The sedimentation basin Bottom surface be less than aquaculture pond bottom surface;The bottom surface of the filtering ponds is higher than the bottom surface of aquaculture pond;The bottom surface of the clarifier-tank is less than The bottom surface of filtering ponds, clarifier-tank are located at the corner of culture pond, and opposite with interval filtering ponds in sedimentation basin, clarifier-tank is without water outlet Mouthful, by water pump, clear water in pond is transported in aquaculture pond, is formed and supports water body self-loopa, improves the water body on the ecologic breeding pool certainly Net energy power;It is filled in it is preferred that the high position mouth of a river is equipped with the high-order mouth of a river, water can be recycled and be controlled.The clarifier-tank of the utility model Equipped with water flow pipes, river water can be connect, is often washed by water, water quality " fertile, living, tender, refreshing " is kept;Aquaculture period, bait throwing in are applied fertilizer to match It closes based on feed, carries out science bait throwing according to " four fixed four see " bait throwing in principle, " four is fixed ":Determine matter, quantitative, timing, fixed point(It is more Point);" four see ":It sees weather, sees situation of ingesting, see temperature, see water temperature.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram on the one shrimp dish crop rotation ecologic breeding pool of embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of one sedimentation basin of embodiment, filtering ponds, clarifier-tank;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of one filtering ponds of embodiment, clarifier-tank;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of one rounding bench-type through-hole of embodiment;
Wherein, sedimentation basin 1, filtering ponds 2, clarifier-tank 3, aquaculture pond 4, oxygen increasing equipment 5, grid 6, suction pump 7, external water pipe 8, first partition 11, second partition 12, third partition board 13, the high-order mouth of a river 21, the low level mouth of a river 22, drainage plate 23, strainer 24, inorganic Filter material layer 25, microbe microsphere layer 26, rounding bench-type through-hole 27, photocatalysis porous ceramic plate 31, water plant layer 32, cobblestone Layer 33, mud 41, all ditches 42, gutter 43.
Specific implementation mode
Embodiment one
The one seed shrimp dish crop rotation ecologic breeding pool, including sedimentation basin 1, filtering ponds 2, clarifier-tank 3, aquaculture pond 4, oxygen increasing equipment 5; Grid 6 is equipped between the sedimentation basin and aquaculture pond;Suction pump 7 is equipped between the clarifier-tank and aquaculture pond;The filtering ponds Between sedimentation basin and clarifier-tank;The sedimentation basin is equipped with first partition 11, second partition 12, third partition board 13;Described One partition board, second partition, third partition board are set gradually;The first partition is located at grid;The first partition bottom surface is higher than Sedimentation basin bottom surface;The second partition top surface is less than sedimentation basin top surface;Third partition board bottom surface is higher than sedimentation basin bottom surface, to Form water flow passage;The area of the grid is 60% of the sedimentation basin side area where grid;The sedimentation basin and filtering ponds it Between be equipped with the high-order mouth of a river 21, the high position mouth of a river is equipped with the high-order mouth of a river and fills in, and for blocking the mouth of a river, component, attached drawing are made to be conventional Do not indicate;The low level mouth of a river 22 is equipped between the filtering ponds and clarifier-tank;The clarifier-tank sets gradually light and urges from top to bottom Change porous ceramic plate 31, water plant layer 32, pebble layer 33;The low level mouth of a river is located above pebble layer;It is described to draw water The water inlet of pump is located above photocatalysis porous ceramic plate;The filtering ponds set gradually from top to bottom drainage plate 23, strainer 24, Inorganic filter material layer 25, microbe microsphere layer 26;The drainage plate is obliquely installed;The high one end of the drainage Board position is located at a high position Below the mouth of a river;The drainage plate is equipped with a plurality of rounding bench-type through-holes 27;The low level mouth of a river is located at below microbe microsphere layer; The oxygen increasing equipment is located at water outlet of water pump;The clarifier-tank is equipped with external water pipe 8;The aquaculture pond bottom is equipped with thickness The mud 41 of 0.3m;The slopes the Chi Geng ratio of the aquaculture pond is 1: 2.5;The bottom of the aquaculture pond is equipped with all ditches 42 and gutter 43;The furrow width of the week ditch is 0.5 m, depth is 0.5 m;The furrow width in the gutter is 0.3 m, depth is 0.2 m.
The sedimentation basin is rectangle structure;The bottom surface of the sedimentation basin is less than the bottom surface of aquaculture pond;The filtering ponds Bottom surface is higher than the bottom surface of aquaculture pond;The bottom surface of the clarifier-tank is less than the bottom surface of filtering ponds.The area of the sedimentation basin is cultivation The 4% of pool area;The area of the filtering ponds is cultivate pool area 8%;The purification pool area is cultivate pool area 6%.This After utility model discloses, the installation of component belongs to common sense, for example ditching, does slope etc..
Embodiment two
On the basis of embodiment one, according to existing installation method, the sedimentation basin installs water body oxygen content detection device; The aquaculture pond installs water temperature detection device;The clarifier-tank installs water body organic element detection device.Pass through water body oxygen content The positioning setting of detection device can accurately detect the oxygen capacity situation in aquaculture pond, provide foundation for oxygenation, pass through water temperature The positioning setting of detection device can accurately detect aquaculture pond temperature, give the rational condition that cultivates, the inspection of water body organic element Survey then intuitively tells the pool main self-loopa effect.
Embodiment three
On the basis of embodiment one, according to existing installation method, the side that the first partition is located at second partition is set There is inclined wire;The inclined wire and the angle of first partition are 30 degree, can promote effect of settling;Drainage plate is equipped with side wall, improves water Flow effect.
Complete the retrofit work in shrimp dish crop rotation pond, 60 mu of mud wetlands scrape out 4 pools, 14 mu of each pool and 4 mu a piece of Trial zone;Shrimp pool Sediment Composition is analyzed, the condition with reference to needed for the growths of dishes such as the blue flower in west, potherb mustard and hot pickled mustard tuber carries out phase Bed mud is closed to be modified and bed mud accumulation vegetable plot height experiment;Complete relevant device buying and the water project situation planning of crop rotation area.
All completion and the perforations of each region of culture pond improvement project, are convenient for regional management;To fish pond before the dispensing of shrimp seedling Cleaning and the preparations such as disinfection, then carry out water quality conditioning.Culture pond is transformed and related measure is ready.
06 month, shrimp seedling is launched, throw-in density is:80000 tails/mu;07 month to 08 month, the ecologic breeding of Penaeus Vannmei;09 The moon, Penaeus Vannmei wheel caught listing to November.Crayfish is caught since September 1 and stays small sale greatly, November 20 opened Begin the dry pool, all Penaeus Vannmeis all to be listed, sells Penaeus Vannmei 56000kg, total 1,020,000 yuan of sales volume of realization altogether.
Dish seedling is bred, vegetable cultivation period, and thickness of sowing is 15g/ mus.60X40 is pressed in 03 month December to next year, rational close planting Centimetre combination transplanting, per acre 2700 ~ 3000 plants of density.The plantation of the dishes such as western indigo plant flower, potherb mustard and hot pickled mustard tuber.From March next year Just, start to harvest western blue flower, potherb mustard and hot pickled mustard tuber, terminate to harvesting in April, 56 mu of field of vegetables sell the blue flower in Chinese celery west, potherb mustard altogether With hot pickled mustard tuber about 90000kg, sales volume is 180,000 yuan.In this way, west indigo plant flower, potherb mustard and hot pickled mustard tuber and Penaeus Vannmei wheel are tested the pool Mouthful 56 mu of 2.14 ten thousand yuan of average output values, compared to relatively individually for cultivation Penaeus Vannmei, not only average output value growth rate is up to 15%, And effectively reduce the content of organic matter of culture pond bed mud.
Establish the efficient liquid oxygen oxygenation in strand pond of 30 mu of seawater aquaculturing pond and 30 mu of freshwater aquiculture pond area And the demonstration project of interior recirculating water purification Integration ofTechnology cultivating system, and continuous operation 6 months or more, monitor water quality condition and shrimp The upgrowth situation of crab fish, and summarize to the transition and upgrade key technology is integrated, it forms technical parameter and promotes and applies.It can be with Rational ecologic structure and transport of substances process are established by the utility model cultivating pool Eco-Design, to realize control The target of breeding pollution and the healthy aquatic products of production;The utility model is using aquatic products/vegetables cultivating pool and cycle water purification environmental protection Facility consubstantiality mentality of designing is regulated and controled by the structure innovation and water sports mode of novel aquaculture pond, to realize The work(such as Aquacultural water circularly purifying, resource regeneration, beach ecology close friend, zero-emission and green aquatic product production Can, excellent water quality both ensure that the expansion of aquaculture production and scale, while meet healthy aquaculture and environment guarantor The requirement of shield;The result shows that ammonia nitrogen concentration is less than 0.4mg/L in water quality after purification, water outlet BOD removal rates are 62%, regulation effect Very significantly;Continuous 6 months after the test, and the biomass of shrimp increases by 3 times.

Claims (10)

1. a seed shrimp dish crop rotation ecologic breeding pool, including sedimentation basin, filtering ponds, clarifier-tank, aquaculture pond, oxygen increasing equipment;It is described heavy Grid is equipped between shallow lake pond and aquaculture pond;Suction pump is equipped between the clarifier-tank and aquaculture pond;The filtering ponds are located at precipitation Between pond and clarifier-tank;The high-order mouth of a river is equipped between the sedimentation basin and filtering ponds;It is equipped between the filtering ponds and clarifier-tank The low level mouth of a river;The oxygen increasing equipment is located at water outlet of water pump;The clarifier-tank is equipped with external water pipe;The aquaculture pond bottom Mud equipped with 0.2~0.4m of thickness;The slopes the Chi Geng ratio of the aquaculture pond is 1: 2.5.
2. the shrimp dish crop rotation ecologic breeding pool according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the bottom of the aquaculture pond is equipped with week Ditch and gutter;The furrow width of the week ditch is 0.5 m, depth is 0.5 m;The furrow width in the gutter is 0.3 m, depth is 0.2 m.
3. the shrimp dish crop rotation ecologic breeding pool according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the sedimentation basin is equipped with water body oxygen content Detection device;Water temperature detection device is arranged in the aquaculture pond;The clarifier-tank is equipped with water body organic element detection device.
4. the shrimp dish crop rotation ecologic breeding pool according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the sedimentation basin is rectangle structure; The bottom surface of the sedimentation basin is less than the bottom surface of aquaculture pond;The bottom surface of the filtering ponds is higher than the bottom surface of aquaculture pond;The clarifier-tank Bottom surface be less than filtering ponds bottom surface.
5. the shrimp dish crop rotation ecologic breeding pool according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the high position mouth of a river is equipped with the high-order mouth of a river Plug.
6. the shrimp dish crop rotation ecologic breeding pool according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the sedimentation basin be equipped with first partition, Second partition, third partition board;The first partition, second partition, third partition board are set gradually;The first partition is located at grid Place;The first partition bottom surface is higher than sedimentation basin bottom surface;The second partition top surface is less than sedimentation basin top surface;The third partition board Bottom surface is higher than sedimentation basin bottom surface;The area of the grid is 60% of the sedimentation basin side area where grid.
7. the shrimp dish crop rotation ecologic breeding pool according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the first partition is located at second partition Side be equipped with inclined wire;The inclined wire and the angle of first partition are 30 degree.
8. the shrimp dish crop rotation ecologic breeding pool according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the clarifier-tank is set successively from top to bottom Set photocatalysis porous ceramic plate, water plant layer, pebble layer;The low level mouth of a river is located above pebble layer;It is described to draw water The water inlet of pump is located above photocatalysis porous ceramic plate.
9. the shrimp dish crop rotation ecologic breeding pool according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the filtering ponds are set successively from top to bottom Set drainage plate, strainer, inorganic filter material layer, microbe microsphere layer;The drainage plate is obliquely installed;It is described drainage Board position it is high one End is located at below the high-order mouth of a river;The drainage plate is equipped with a plurality of rounding bench-type through-holes;It is micro- that the low level mouth of a river is located at microorganism Below layers of balls.
10. the shrimp dish crop rotation ecologic breeding pool according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the area of the sedimentation basin is cultivation The 4% of pool area;The area of the filtering ponds is cultivate pool area 8%;The purification pool area is cultivate pool area 6%.
CN201721837154.1U 2017-12-25 2017-12-25 The one seed shrimp dish crop rotation ecologic breeding pool Active CN207733466U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111248128A (en) * 2020-03-10 2020-06-09 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 External circulation freshwater shrimp breeding method
CN111248128B (en) * 2020-03-10 2021-12-14 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 External circulation freshwater shrimp breeding method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111248128A (en) * 2020-03-10 2020-06-09 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 External circulation freshwater shrimp breeding method
CN111248128B (en) * 2020-03-10 2021-12-14 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 External circulation freshwater shrimp breeding method

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