Utility model content
For overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of fully automatic feeding machines, can be certainly
The purpose of this utility model is realized using following technical scheme：
A kind of fully automatic feeding machine, including：
Rack is formed with detection station and feed station in rack；
Feed mechanism, for conveying workpieces to the detection station；Feed mechanism include vibrating disk, feeding track and on
Flitch, upper flitch are installed in rack and the detection station can be moved to along Y direction；One end of the feeding track is with shaking
Moving plate connects；The other end of feeding track is used to be connected with the upper flitch；The rack be equipped with the first driving mechanism, first
Driving mechanism is used to that the upper flitch to be driven to move along Y direction；
Testing agency is installed at the detection station of rack and for being detected to workpiece and sending detection signal；
Material fetching mechanism, for the workpiece according to the detection signal gripping detection station to feed station；Material fetching mechanism packet
It includes mounting bracket and feeding part, mounting bracket is installed in rack, feeding part is installed on mounting bracket；Feeding part detects for gripping
The workpiece motion s of station are to feed station.
Preferably, the mounting bracket can move in the X-axis direction；The mounting bracket can be moved along Y direction；The feeding part
It can be moved along Z-direction；Rack is equipped with the second driving mechanism for mounting bracket to be driven to move in the X-axis direction；It is set in rack
It is useful for the third driving mechanism that mounting bracket is driven to be moved along Y axis directions；Rack is equipped with to drive feeding part along Z axis side
To the 4th driving mechanism of movement；
Second driving mechanism includes the X-axis slide rail and X-axis linear motor that are fixed in rack；Third driving mechanism includes
Y-axis slide unit and Y-axis linear motor；The driving end of Y-axis slide unit and X-axis linear motor is affixed and is slidably matched with X-axis slide rail；Peace
It shelves and is slidably matched with Y-axis slide unit；The driving end of Y-axis linear motor and mounting bracket are affixed；4th driving mechanism is mounted on installation
On frame and including feeder motor, conveyer belt and synchronizing wheel, conveyer belt, which synchronizes, to be set around in synchronizing wheel, and conveyer belt is along Z-direction
Extend and pass through drive block and feeding part is affixed.
Preferably, rack is equipped with the 5th driving mechanism, and the 5th driving mechanism is used to that feeding part to be driven to turn about the Z axis.
Preferably, mounting bracket is equipped with multiple feeding parts；Each feeding part can be in the 4th driving mechanism
It is moved under drive along Z-direction.
Preferably, rack is equipped with conveyer belt, and the conveyer belt is equipped with multiple positioning plates, and the positioning plate is equipped with and work
The locating slot of part structure matching；The locating slot is formed as the feed station.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are：It can detect the position of workpiece by testing agency,
Then material fetching mechanism carries out feeding further according to detection signal, realizes accurate feeding, convenient for the assembling of later stage workpiece, and automates journey
Degree is higher.
In the following, with reference to attached drawing and specific embodiment, the utility model is described further：
A kind of fully automatic feeding machine as shown in Figs. 1-5, including rack, feed mechanism 10, testing agency 20 and feeding
Mechanism 30, feed mechanism 10, testing agency 20 and material fetching mechanism 30 can be mounted in rack.Inspection is formed in the rack
Station, feed station are surveyed, feed mechanism 10 is for conveying workpieces to detection station.Testing agency 20 is mountable to detection station
Place, the detection station can be used for being detected workpiece and sending detection signal.Material fetching mechanism 30 can be believed according to above-mentioned detection
The workpiece of number gripping detection station is to feed station.
It, can be by the way that feed mechanism 10 be incited somebody to action when on the basis of the said structure, using the fully automatic feeding machine of the utility model
Workpiece is delivered at detection station successively, and testing agency 20, which can detect detection station, workpiece input, will send detection letter
Number, according to the detection signal, material fetching mechanism 30 can be gripped at the workpiece to feed station of the detection station, and is delivered to next
Station can so realize that the accurate of material fetching mechanism 30 grips and shift, prevent that idle running is caused to act on, and pass through the feeder,
Workpiece can orderly be placed into feed station and be conveyed successively, and convenient for the orderly progress of subsequent job, the degree of automation is higher.
It should be noted that camera can be selected in above-mentioned testing agency 20, CCD camera specifically can be selected, convenient for essence
Certainly position.Picture signal can be transmitted when camera takes the location of workpiece, material fetching mechanism 30 can directly receive picture signal
Carry out material extracting operation.Controller in rack can be also set, after receiving picture signal by controller, control material fetching mechanism
30 carry out material extracting operation.
Preferably, the feed mechanism 10 in the present embodiment includes vibrating disk 11, feeding track 12 and upper flitch 13, tool
Body upper flitch 13 is installed in rack and detection station can be moved to along Y direction, specifically makes one end of feeding track 12 with shaking
Moving plate 11 connects；The other end of feeding track 12 is used to be connected with upper flitch 13.In this way, above-mentioned vibrating disk 11 can be in vibration electricity
It is vibrated under the drive of machine, the workpiece in vibrating disk 11 is made to enter in feeding track 12, and upper flitch 13 is slipped into through feeding track 12
On.Upper flitch 13 can move to detection station along Y direction, be identified at detection station, i.e., workpiece is in place.It is in this way, several
Workpiece can be unified to place to vibrating disk 11, orderly be conveyed.And upper flitch 13 can move to detection station along Y direction, i.e.,
Workpiece can be made to be gripped at detection station always, convenient for the gripping operation in later stage.Certainly, which also can be selected existing
Other feed mechanisms (such as conveyer belt feed mechanism, spiral feeding mechanism) in technology.
More particularly, the first driving mechanism 14 can be equipped in rack, which can drive upper flitch
13 move along Y direction, convenient for controlling the movement of upper flitch 13.Specific first driving mechanism 14 may include feeder motor, conveying
Band and synchronizing wheel, conveyer belt, which synchronizes, to be set around in synchronizing wheel, and conveyer belt is along Y direction extension and affixed with upper flitch 13, such as
This by feeder motor drive synchronizing wheel rotation can driving conveying belt rotate, so as to which upper flitch 13 be made to be moved along Y-axis, driving knot
Structure is relatively stable.Certainly, the first driving mechanism 14 also replace by optional excellent linear motor, driving cylinder or oil cylinder.
Preferably, above-mentioned material fetching mechanism 30 may include feeding part 31, which is installed in rack, feeding part 31
For gripping the workpiece motion s of detection station to feed station.Specific feeding part 31 can be along X-direction, Y direction and Z axis side
To movement, i.e., feeding part 31 have move forward and backward, the degree of freedom of side-to-side movement and up and down motion, convenient for the folder of feeding part 31
It is taken as industry.
Certainly, the second driving mechanism 32,33 and the 4th driving mechanism 35 of third driving mechanism can be equipped in rack, and
For feeding part 31 to be driven to move in the X-axis direction, third driving mechanism 33 is used to drive feeding part 31 along Y second driving mechanism 32
Axis direction moves, and the 4th driving mechanism 35 is used to that feeding part 31 to be driven to move along Z-direction.In this way, pass through the second driving mechanism
32nd, the drive of 33 and the 4th driving mechanism 35 of third driving mechanism, feeding part 31 can move forward and backward, side-to-side movement and on
Lower movement, convenient for maneuver autopilot, the degree of automation higher.
Furthermore, it is necessary to explanation, above-mentioned feeding part 31 can be selected vacuum cup, can prevent feeding part 31 in reclaiming process
Middle defective work piece.Certain feeding part also can be realized directly by other clamping devices such as pneumatic-finger, clamping jaw.
And the second driving mechanism 32, third driving mechanism 33 also can be selected linear motor, driving cylinder or oil cylinder and come in fact
It is existing.Belt conveyor also can be selected in the 4th driving mechanism 35 in the present embodiment, including feeder motor, conveyer belt and synchronization
Wheel, conveyer belt, which synchronizes, to be set around in synchronizing wheel, and conveyer belt extends along Z-direction and passes through drive block 36 and feeding part 31 is affixed.
Feeder motor driving synchronizing wheel rotation, can driving conveying belt operating, so as to which feeding part 31 be made to be moved along Z axis, move up and down steady
It is fixed, prevent feeding part 31 from being shaken after gripping workpiece.
Preferably, the 5th driving mechanism can be also equipped in above-mentioned rack, the 5th driving mechanism is used to drive feeding part 31
It turns about the Z axis, in this way, after feeding part 31 grips workpiece, feeding part 31 can be driven to rotate by the 5th driving mechanism, make to take
Workpiece on materials and parts 31 turns to suitable angle, is conveniently placed at progress next step operation in feed station.Certainly, the 5th
Driving mechanism may include rotary electric machine, synchronous belt and synchronizing wheel, and synchronizing wheel can be rotated synchronously by synchronous belt and rotary electric machine,
And feeding part 31 synchronous with synchronizing wheel can then couple, the rotation of so achievable feeding part 31.Certainly, feeding part 31 can also directly
It is driven by rotary electric machine.
Preferably, material fetching mechanism 30 further includes mounting bracket 34, which can move in the X-axis direction, and mounting bracket 34 can
It is moved along Y direction, multiple above-mentioned feeding parts 31 is equipped on mounting bracket 34, certainly, mounting bracket 34 is along X, the fortune of Y direction
It is dynamic to be driven by the second above-mentioned driving mechanism 32 and third driving mechanism 33.Each feeding part 31 can be along Z-direction
Movement, each feeding part 31 can also be driven along Z-direction by above-mentioned 4th driving mechanism 35, and such each feeding part 31 can be same
Shi Jinhang material extracting operations, and can individually carry out material extracting operation, operation is flexibly and conveniently.
It should be noted that the present embodiment feeding part 31 can set four, and feeding part 31 is synchronized with the movement for one group two-by-two,
In this way, the completion material extracting operation that can stablize during one group of feeding 31 separate operaton of part.
In addition, above-mentioned feeding part 31 can be connected to by elastomeric element 37 on mounting bracket 34, in feeding part 31 and workpiece
During contact, feeding part 31 can be shunk under the action of elastomeric element 37, thus feeding part 31 and workpiece can flexible contact, prevent from taking
Materials and parts 31 cause to damage when gripping workpiece to workpiece.
Preferably, conveyer belt 40 can be equipped in rack, multiple positioning plates can be equipped on conveyer belt 40, which is equipped with
Locating slot 41 matched with Workpiece structure, locating slot 41 is formed as feed station, in this way, above-mentioned feeding part 31 can be by workpiece holding
To locating slot 41, next process is delivered under the conveying operation of conveyer belt 40 and carries out operation, structure for conveying is stablized.Certainly,
Above-mentioned feeding part 31 can rotate under the drive of the 5th driving mechanism, thus workpiece can be made to turn to and 41 structure matching of locating slot
Angle after place into, placement can be accurately positioned.
In the present embodiment, above-mentioned X-direction, Y direction and Z-direction can correspond to the width side of rack respectively
To, length direction and short transverse.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that technical solution that can be as described above and design, make other various
Corresponding change and deformation, and all these changes and deformation should all belong to the protection of the utility model claims
Within the scope of.