CN207228292U - One kind omits water system in printing slowly after first catchmenting - Google Patents

One kind omits water system in printing slowly after first catchmenting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207228292U
CN207228292U CN201721199904.7U CN201721199904U CN207228292U CN 207228292 U CN207228292 U CN 207228292U CN 201721199904 U CN201721199904 U CN 201721199904U CN 207228292 U CN207228292 U CN 207228292U
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China
Prior art keywords
water
water collecting
leakage hole
omit
printing
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201721199904.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
覃英宏
梅国雄
梁志伟
陈忠儒
李芳华
贺玉辉
张信贵
陈夏渊
罗炬
龙相如
蒙德淼
何浩松
梁若婵
Original Assignee
覃英宏
梅国雄
梁志伟
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Priority to CN201721199904.7U priority Critical patent/CN207228292U/en
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Publication of CN207228292U publication Critical patent/CN207228292U/en
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Abstract

One kind omits water system in printing slowly after first catchmenting, including water collecting structure, metalling, permeable reinforcement head cover and partition plate, concrete structure are:The water collecting structure wall is equipped with several sluice ways, and the plate with leakage hole is equipped with the inside of sluice way, and water collecting structure outside and bottom are equipped with metalling, and permeable reinforcement head cover is equipped with the top of water collecting structure, partition plate is equipped with water collecting structure.The system have the characteristics that leak speed adjust, be not easy to block, easy care, surface runoff can be reduced, alleviate urban waterlogging, groundwater balance is kept, be a kind of new city cavernous body.

Description

One kind omits water system in printing slowly after first catchmenting
Technical field
Sponge city, municipal drainage, municipal works field are the utility model is related to, it is slow after first catchmenting more particularly to one kind Omit water system in printing.
Background technology
In Process of Urbanization, natural earth's surface mostly by concrete, stone slab etc. be waterproof material covering.Fall at these The rainfall of closely knit impermeable surface forms surface runoff, rainwater by pumping equipment such as rain pipe, gutter etc. be discharged to again river or It is other collection drainage facilities.When the surface runoff amount that rainfall is formed exceedes the displacement of drainage system or the collection more than collection drainage facility During water, waterlogging occurs in low-lying place.If build large volume tank in urban inner or pool can not to store drainage system The runoff undertaken, can reduce urban waterlogging to a certain degree, but such method aggravation town site is nervous.
By the closely knit paving reconstruction in city into water permeable pavement, urban waterlogging can be alleviated to a certain extent.Water permeable pavement allows Rainwater directly by and penetrate into paving underlying soil, but water permeable pavement intensity low durability is poor, is only used for low traffic flow Measure the places such as road, parking lot, pavement.Secondly, the permeation rate of water permeable pavement ultimately depends on oozing for the soil layer under basic unit Saturating speed.When soil layer infiltration rate is less than to fall the total flow in the rainwater on water permeable pavement and the runoff from other eminences, Water permeable pavement surface forms waterlogging.If water permeable pavement lower part soil layer infiltration rate is larger, is oozed under rainwater is quick and improve ground Phreatic surface, causes underground water to rapidly flow toward low-lying place, causes the waterlogging at low-lying place.
Water system is omitted in printing slowly after first catchmenting if one kind, and in heavy showers, its drainage rates is less than or far below its collection Water speed rate, then rainfall formed surface runoff can temporarily collect be stored in this be stream.If in a period of time after the rain, collection is deposited Drained automatically in the moisture that this is stream, to collect the surface runoff that next rainfall cycle is formed again, then can slow down even root Except urban waterlogging.Such system has following feature:(1) in rainfall, can fast and effeciently drink up the rain and surface runoff, Reduce the waterlogging because caused by land drainage is not smooth;(2) can be set according to the Penetration Signature of soil layer under local rainfall and basic unit An appropriate leak speed is put, leak speed is excessive, raises the undue of level of ground water, and then cause on low-lying place's water level Bulging is into waterlogging, while leak speed is excessive then probably due to soil layer impeded drainage deposits in scupper;If leak speed mistake Small, such system can not soar sufficient space in time in case the surface runoff that temporary next rainfall is formed again, then may cause Waterlogging;(3) manual maintenance or need not be seldom needed when being on active service, if needing artificial periodic maintenance, the system easy access.
Such omits water system in printing after first catchmenting and may replace road ditch slowly, can be laid in parking lot, pavement, city square It is used to keep in rainwater with the underground space in the place such as park.Slowly it is not extra or seldom occupy earth's surface to omit water system after first catchmenting in printing Space, and there is enough durabilities.Also it can operate with building eaves, first collect roof rain water, backward soil layer omits sky in printing slowly, Recharge of groundwater, reduces subdrainage pressure.This class formation is developed, to reducing urban waterlogging, adjusting groundwater balance and construction Novel sponge city is worth a big problem of development.
The content of the invention
The technical problem underlying that the utility model solves is to provide after one kind is first catchmented omits water-bound in printing slowly, can have in time Rainwater and surface runoff are kept in effect, while the rainwater that collection is deposited in a couple of days after the rain is discharged into surrounding soil automatically, in case drop next time Its integrate draining function can be played during rain, not only keeps ground water balance, but also urban waterlogging can be reduced.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution of the utility model is:One kind omits water system in printing slowly after first catchmenting, and wraps Including water collecting structure, metalling, permeable reinforcement head cover and partition plate, concrete structure is:The water collecting structure wall is equipped with several Sluice way, sluice way inner side are equipped with the plate with leakage hole, and water collecting structure outside and bottom are equipped with metalling, water collecting structure top Equipped with permeable reinforcement head cover, partition plate is equipped with water collecting structure.
Transparent waterproof plate is posted on the inside of the sluice way of the water collecting structure side wall, transparent waterproof plate center is provided with Several leakage holes, preferably one.Leakage hole has certain distance away from water collecting structure bottom, to reduce what is blocked by rainwater deposit May.Transparent waterproof plate is pasted on the inside of side wall sluice way easy to check whether leakage hole and sluice way block or deposit;The plate Material is easy to disassemble, replaces and clears up.The longitudinal pitch of leakage hole is mainly according to local rainfall, on the spot flow path surface, longitudinal slope The factors such as degree together decide on;The size of leakage hole is according to the infiltration coefficient of soil layer, saturation degree and local rainfall and frequency under basic unit Rate etc. determines;Leakage hole is circular, square, rectangle or trapezoidal, circular;A diameter of 1.0-8.0mm of leakage hole, preferably 1.5mm~3.0mm.Transparent waterproof plate surface and its scupper smooth enough, can reduce algae infestation.
The bottom of the water collecting structure and side wall are made by impermeable material, side wall is unilateral, it is bilateral or it is bilateral alternately Some sluice ways are left at bottom along its length, sluicing road shape can be rectangle, arc or trapezoidal, the area of sluice way For 3 × 3cm2~10 × 10cm2, preferably 6 × 6cm2
The section form of the water collecting structure is set according to landform, is set to trapezoidal, arc or rectangle, preferably rectangle knot Structure.
The permeable reinforcement head cover is made of seepy material reinforcement, and it is same that seepy material allows surface runoff and rainwater to pass through When filter out large particulate matter in water, the intensity after head cover reinforcement can meet in pavement, parking lot, city square and park Deng the use in land operations place, road ditch also may replace.
The partition plate is made of impermeable material, is placed in water collecting structure, one closing son knot of formation between two partition plates Structure.It is slightly below at the top of partition plate at the top of water collecting structure, the water less than partition plate is trapped, and the current higher than partition plate are formed to other partition plates Retention area in.Partition plate longitudinal pitch is according to local rainfall, flow path surface and gradient etc. determines on the spot.
The gap of the metalling can keep in the moisture of leakage hole discharge, and surrounding can be gradually penetrated into by metalling moisture Soil, metalling increase the contact area that water and surrounding soil are discharged from leakage hole, improve efficiency of the water to soil permeability.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1st, omitting the partition plate of water system after first catchmenting in printing slowly can be retained in rainwater and runoff on the spot several closing son knots In structure, the water higher than partition plate can be flowed in sewerage system, not only alleviate the pressure of sewerage system, and store water energy Lower soil, recharge of groundwater are drained within the predetermined time.And rainwater and runoff are directly discharged into lower water by conventional discharge ditch In road system, river and pond, accelerate the rise of the water level of lower, cause waterlogging, also without recharge groundwater on the spot.
2nd, surface runoff and rainwater can be effectively absorbed by omitting water system after underground is first catchmented in printing slowly, reduce urban waterlogging;And The water of storage can be automatically drained out in the given time, in case playing effect during next rainfall.And closely knit paving can form runoff, make Into waterlogging.Water permeable pavement under by basic unit the infiltration rate of soil influenced, when infiltration rate is excessive can rapidly lifting level of ground water, Cause lower waterlogging;Infiltration rate is too small and when rainfall is larger, and rainwater have also exceeded without rapid osmotic in normal direction soil, water The water capacity in water paving, causes waterlogging.
3rd, the leakage hole of water system is omitted after underground is first catchmented in printing slowly away from side wall certain altitude, can be reduced by deposit in water The possibility of blocking, and since the plate with leakage hole is transparent and detachable, contributes to periodic detection leakage hole and sluice way Blocking and siltation situation, easy to safeguard.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 be it is described in the utility model first catchment after omit the stereogram of water system in printing slowly.
Fig. 2 be it is described in the utility model first catchment after omit the section plan of water system in printing slowly.
Fig. 3 be it is described in the utility model first catchment after omit the installation diagram of water system in printing slowly.
Fig. 4 is to omit water system parking lot application schematic diagram in printing slowly after first catchmenting.
Fig. 5 omits water system pavement application schematic diagram in printing slowly after first catchmenting for underground.
Fig. 6 is to omit water system retention roof rain water after first catchmenting in printing slowly to utilize application schematic diagram.
Fig. 7 be it is described in the utility model first catchment after omit the making illustraton of model of water system in printing slowly.
Fig. 8 is the actual seepage line that inside dimension is 1m × 0.5m × 0.5m water tanks and preferable leakage line chart.
Fig. 9 is the drainage effect figure in the gutter in different leakage hole apertures.
In figure mark for:It is underground slow leak system 1 after first catchmenting, water collecting structure 2, impermeable material 3, sluice way 4, transparent Waterproof plate 5, leakage hole 6, metalling 7, permeable reinforcement head cover 8, partition plate 9, flow path 10.
Embodiment
The technical solution of the utility model is further described below by way of drawings and examples.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figures 1 to 5, it is described in the utility model first catchment after omit an example of water system in printing slowly, be to be used for Slow leak system 1 after first the catchmenting of underground, including water collecting structure 2, leakage hole 6, metalling 7, permeable reinforcement head cover 8 and partition plate 9, concrete structure is:2 wall of water collecting structure is equipped with some leakage holes 6, and the outside of water collecting structure 2 and bottom are equipped with metalling 7, The top of water collecting structure 2 is equipped with permeable reinforcement head cover 8, and partition plate 9 is equipped with water collecting structure 2.
The present embodiment can be used for parking lot, pavement, parting strip and other underground installations.
The permeable reinforcement head cover 8 of the present embodiment is used as the system surface structure load, can filter out into water collecting structure 2 Rainwater and runoff entrained by impurity, can need clear up or replace component when open.Water collecting structure 2 is impermeable material 3 It is made, such as air-free concrete, waterproof building material.In water collecting structure 2 higher than partition plate 9 current downstream partition plate 9 form Close in minor structure or other storage pumping equipments, the moisture for being stored in water collecting structure 2 can only be saturating on the inside of sluice way 4 from being attached to Leakage hole 6 in bright waterproof plate 5 projects.Sluice way 4 can it is unilateral, bilateral along side wall or it is bilateral be alternately arranged, its spacing and 6 pore size of leakage hole is depending on target displacement.The metalling 7 in the outside of water collecting structure 2 can temporary transient water storage, its major function is Increase the contact area of scupper discharge water and soil, improve the infiltration efficiency of soil.Current are as shown in flow path 10.
Embodiment 2
As shown in fig. 6, the present embodiment is for slow leak system after first the catchmenting of ground, using omitting water in printing slowly after first catchmenting System retention roof rain water is irrigated.Rainwater first passes through rain pipe and omits water system 1 in printing slowly into after first catchmenting, then passes through leak Hole 6, which is injected under greenbelt or other infiltration surfaces, oozes, and recharge groundwater, extends the irrigation effect of rainwater, reduce other irrigations The use of equipment.
Embodiment 3
The present embodiment for it is described in the utility model first catchment after omit another example of water system in printing slowly, be using impermeable It is the close without head cover concrete box, concrete slab joint glass cement of 1m × 0.5m × 0.5m that internal diameter, which is made, in water coagulation soil plate Envelope.Short side side wall simulate partition plate 9, concrete box long side side wall away from be provided with the 2.5cm of bottom an aperture be 1.5mm leakage hole 6.The graduated scale that concrete box inside sidewalls post the height as case is used for Real Time Observation water leakage and cistern water level height.Will Concrete box is positioned over to be excavated inside a heatable adobe sleeping platform in advance, i.e., the concrete box gradient is 0.The heatable adobe sleeping platform lower floor soil body is silty clay, Its infiltration rate is 1.5 × 10-7M/s, porosity 18%, saturation degree 50%, concrete box bottom on the outside of four walls with being paved with Metalling 7.It is as shown in Figure 7 to make model.Injecting height is the water of 50cm in toward concrete box, tests and is ensureing there was only a small amount of water Evaporation and without other water it is reflooded in the case of carry out.Seepage line and preferable seepage line are surveyed as shown in figure 8, ideally water Potential drop needed at leakage hole 24.5 it is small when, during actual conditions lower on-test 26 after water do not leaked completely also, and actual leakage Speed is less than preferable breakthrough rate, because actual conditions water has viscosity resistance, and preferable seepage line simulation is viscosity resistance For 0 liquid.Although actual measurement seepage line and preferable seepage line are deviated, difference is little, therefore omits water in printing slowly after first catchmenting The water discharge time of system can substantially be estimated with preferable seepage line.
Operation principle
Rainwater and runoff enter water collecting structure 2 from the gap of permeable reinforcement head cover 8, while the impurity entrained by rainwater is by mistake Filter, reduces 2 siltation amount of water collecting structure, reduces the possibility that leakage hole 6 and sluice way 4 are blocked, and can extend manual maintenance week Phase.Permeable reinforcement head cover 8 can separate with water collecting structure 2 and also allow for overhauling.
The gradient of water collecting structure 2 is determined according to actual condition, rainfall, flow path surface etc..Partition plate 9 divides water collecting structure 2 Be divided into some minor structures, higher than partition plate 9 current to other minor structures of lower or other storage pumping equipments, and be stored in Water in water collecting structure 2 cannot be discharged from fluid-tight side wall, can only be projected from leakage hole 6.The water of injection by sluice way into Enter the gap of metalling 7, finally penetrate into surrounding soil.
The q=water flows m that leakage hole 6 projects3/ s and t=emptying times s can be by Torricelli law Torricelli ' s Law is calculated,The surface area m of the slow drain structures of wherein A=2, 6 aperture plane of a=leakage holes Product m2, the height of catchmenting of the slow drain structures of h=, g=acceleration of gravity m/s2
The amount of jet and emptying time of leakage hole 6 can be tried to achieve according to above-mentioned two formula, with an envelope for being filled with 50cm high water level Close exemplified by minor structure, water level is started at from 6 bottom of leakage hole, no more than the top of partition plate 9.As shown in figure 8, water collecting structure is full of water When, the amount of jet of leakage hole 6 is big, and with slow leakage time increase, 6 amount of jet of leakage hole reduces, when water level drops to and 6 bottom of leakage hole When portion flushes, amount of jet 0.If as shown in figure 9, only open a leakage hole 6 and hole aperture be respectively 1.0mm, 1.5mm, During 2.0mm, maximum amount of jet respectively may be about 2.3ml/s, 5.7ml/s, 10ml/s, and water level is down to when being flushed with 6 bottom of leakage hole The required time respectively may be about 2.3,1.05,0.6 days.Water discharge time increases when the aperture of leakage hole 6 is smaller, leaves basic unit's foot for The water of enough time drained injections from leakage hole 6, but water collecting structure may not have foot when the easy blocking of leakage hole 6, next rainfall Enough spaces;The aperture of increase leakage hole 6 can reduce water discharge time, but basic unit may be caused to fail to have oozed 6 jet stream of leakage hole in time Amount.It is recommended that a diameter of 1.0-8.0mm of leakage hole 6, preferably 1.5mm~3.0mm.
The foregoing is merely one embodiment of the utility model, it does not limit the scope of the patent of the present invention, Every equivalent structure made based on the specification and figures of the utility model, equivalent process transformation, suitably deleting or increasing Add, be directly or indirectly used in other related technical areas, should be included with the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. one kind omits water system, including water collecting structure, metalling, permeable reinforcement head cover and partition plate in printing slowly after first catchmenting, it is special Sign is that concrete structure is:The water collecting structure wall is equipped with several sluice ways, and the plate with leakage hole is equipped with the inside of sluice way Material, on the outside of water collecting structure and bottom are equipped with metalling, are equipped with permeable reinforcement head cover at the top of water collecting structure, water collecting structure it is interior equipped with every Plate.
2. it is according to claim 1 first catchment after omit water system in printing slowly, it is characterised in that the water collecting structure side wall is let out Plate that is waterproof, transparent and being provided with leakage hole is posted on the inside of water channel.
3. it is according to claim 2 first catchment after omit water system in printing slowly, it is characterised in that the leakage hole can be it is circular, Square, rectangle or trapezoidal.
4. omit water system in printing slowly after first catchmenting according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that the diameter of the leakage hole For 1.0~8.0mm.
5. it is according to claim 1 first catchment after omit water system in printing slowly, it is characterised in that the bottom of the water collecting structure and Side wall is made by impermeable material, side wall is unilateral, it is bilateral or it is bilateral alternately left along its length at bottom it is some Sluice way, sluicing road shape can be rectangle, arc or trapezoidal, and the area of sluice way is 3 × 3cm2~10 × 10cm2
6. it is according to claim 1 first catchment after omit water system in printing slowly, it is characterised in that the section of the water collecting structure Form is set according to landform, is set to trapezoidal, arc or rectangle.
7. it is according to claim 1 first catchment after omit water system in printing slowly, it is characterised in that the permeable reinforcement head cover is by saturating Water material reinforcement is made.
8. it is according to claim 1 first catchment after omit water system in printing slowly, it is characterised in that the partition plate is by impermeable material It is made, a closing minor structure is formed in water collecting structure, between two partition plates.
9. it is according to claim 1 first catchment after omit water system in printing slowly, it is characterised in that slightly below collect at the top of the partition plate At the top of water-bound, the water less than partition plate is trapped, higher than in the retention area that is formed to other partition plates of current of partition plate.
CN201721199904.7U 2017-09-18 2017-09-18 One kind omits water system in printing slowly after first catchmenting Expired - Fee Related CN207228292U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111549612A (en) * 2020-05-21 2020-08-18 中建水务环保有限公司 Permeable transformation technology for impervious concrete pavement
CN111827045A (en) * 2020-07-27 2020-10-27 肖智安 Green belt drainage side ditch structure and component and highway thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111549612A (en) * 2020-05-21 2020-08-18 中建水务环保有限公司 Permeable transformation technology for impervious concrete pavement
CN111827045A (en) * 2020-07-27 2020-10-27 肖智安 Green belt drainage side ditch structure and component and highway thereof

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180413

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee