A kind of haulage equipment based on guide rail operation
The utility model belongs to haulage equipment field, and in particular to a kind of haulage equipment based on guide rail operation.
In recent years, domestic city vehicle guaranteeding organic quantity rapid growth, and construction of parking facilities seriously lags, disorderly parking is existing
As causing road traffic congestion phenomenon getting worse.To solve Urban Parking Difficulty, mechanical parking equipment arises at the historic moment.It is flat
Face moving garage is widely used because it has the advantage that building utilization rate is high, bicycle parking quantity is big.Planar movement car
The carrier in storehouse mainly has the board-like carrier of carrier vehicle, comb tooth exchange type carrier and embraces folder rubber-tyred carrier.
The board-like carrier of carrier vehicle be by vehicle together with vehicle-carrying plate the sideways transfer on garage guide rail, need first during bicycle parking by
Unloaded sweep is removed to traversing carrier from empty parking space, then is removed by carrier to hoistable platform, and being carried to parking through hoistable platform sets
Standby porch, then could carry out bicycle parking, and which adds the bicycle parking time, operating efficiency reduces, and lateral direction of car movement speed
Degree is slow, and this kind of carrier is suitable only for the few small-sized machine garage parking of bicycle parking quantity.
Comb tooth exchange type carrier working method is：Traversing carrier carries intelligent carrier and carrier vehicle broach frame together
It is moved to along garage guide rail at lifting broach frame, intelligent carrier is by vehicle from comb shelf for conveying is lifted to traversing carrier, horizontal stroke
Carrier is moved by the traversing guide rail of automobile transportation to target parking stall position, intelligent carrier is again by vehicle conveying to target
Parking stall, intelligent carrier return to traversing carrier after vehicle access is got well.During this, traversing carrier with hoistable platform
When carrying out vehicle conveying and traversing carrier is required to the lifting action of intelligent carrier when carrying out vehicle conveying with bicycle parking position
Exchanged to complete broach.And this lifting action can undoubtedly increase the complexity of device structure, improve fault rate, increase simultaneously
The Transport Vehicle time of equipment.
Embrace folder rubber-tyred carrier and enter automobile lower along guide rail, by transport vehicles after clamping arm fixation tire.This
The defects of kind mode, is：Niproll easily floats, and carrying action is unstable, and Multi-cylinder mode drives, and device structure is complicated, maintenance
Inconvenience；And embrace folder action and look for position action to separate progress with tire, action is synchronously difficult to ensure that, influences the effect of equipment carrying vehicle
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of haulage equipment based on guide rail operation.Solves existing planar movement
Carrying device for stereo garbage can not meet the problem of operating efficiency is high, simple in construction, carrying is steady simultaneously.
Technical solution of the present utility model is：
A kind of haulage equipment based on guide rail operation, including apparatus body framework, the control that is arranged on apparatus body framework
Unit processed, the walking driver gear component being arranged on apparatus body framework and walking passive gear component, with walking driver gear component
The walking power unit of connection, the walking power unit are connected with described control unit；It is characterized in that：Also include setting
The crawler type traverse displacement unit on the apparatus body framework is put, the crawler type traverse displacement unit is connected with described control unit,
The crawler type traverse displacement unit includes track assembly and the traversing power unit being connected with track assembly, the track assembly operation
Direction is vertical with the walking driver gear assembly operating direction.
Further, the track assembly of the crawler type traverse displacement unit includes front-wheel track assembly and trailing wheel track assembly；
The front-wheel track assembly includes at least two special driving-chains, preceding driving shaft, preceding driven shaft, preceding framework, sprocket wheel, holds thing group
Part；The preceding driving shaft and preceding driven shaft are separately mounted to the both ends of the preceding framework, sprocket wheel is fixed be set in before driving shaft and
On preceding driven shaft, special driving-chain is by sprocket wheel by preceding driving shaft and preceding driven axis connection；The special driving-chain is in tradition
Bearing plate is fixedly installed on each carrier bar of driving-chain, the bearing plate is vertical with the carrier bar, and bearing plate is placed on preceding structure
On frame；Thing component is held to be fixedly installed on the bearing plate and cover special driving-chain overall length scope；The trailing wheel crawler belt group
Part includes at least two special driving-chains, rear driving shaft, rear driven shaft, rear framework, sprocket wheel, holds thing component, trailing wheel track assembly
The annexation of each part is identical with front-wheel track assembly.
Further, the track assembly of the crawler type traverse displacement unit also includes jackshaft, and the jackshaft is by traversing dynamic
Power unit is driven, and the both ends of jackshaft are fixedly connected with preceding driving shaft with rear driving shaft respectively.
Further, the weight of object is held for mitigation, pressure of the thing component to special driving-chain is held so as to mitigate, holds thing group
Thing component is held described in part includes multiple laddertrons, and the both ends of each laddertron are fixed on each bearing plate of special driving-chain.
Further, to ensure the tensioner degree of special driving-chain, drive position does not shift, in the special driving-chain
Tensioner wheel assembly is provided with, the chain slide contacted with special driving-chain is fixedly installed below every special driving-chain, adjusts
Section expansion tightening wheel module position can adjust the tensioner degree of special driving-chain.
Crooked phenomenon does not occur when further, to make vehicle traversing, the crawler type traverse displacement unit is also led including front-wheel
Positive component, the front-wheel guide component are fixedly installed on the both sides of the preceding framework and positioned at the upper of the front-wheel track assembly
Side, the width of the preceding framework are adapted with vehicle front-wheel width；The front-wheel guide component includes correcting plate and correcting skate,
Correcting plate is fixedly installed on the preceding framework, and correcting skate is fixedly installed on the correcting plate, and correcting skate slopes inwardly.
Because the first half weight of vehicle is more than latter half weight, so guide component is arranged on front wheele part by the utility model
Point, make correcting effect more preferable.
Further, to make the haulage equipment speed of travel faster, the walking driver gear component and walking passive gear group
Part is separately positioned on the both ends of vehicle longitudinal direction on apparatus body framework.
Further, for ensure equipment walking when will not occur with guide rail transverse direction depart from, it is described based on guide rail operation
Haulage equipment also includes the outside guide wheel assemblies and inner side guide wheel assemblies for being fixedly installed on apparatus body framework the same side, institute
State outside guide wheel assemblies and the outside of a side rails coordinates, the inner side guide wheel assemblies and the fit inside of a side rails.
When further, to ensure equipment walking it will not depart from guide rail because guide rail is uneven, it is described based on guide rail operation
Haulage equipment also includes the anti-springboard for being fixedly installed on apparatus body frame facet, and the anti-springboard is located at below guide rail.
Further, it is the adjustment equipment speed of travel, the walking power unit includes variable-frequency motor, connected with variable-frequency motor
The reductor connect, the output end of the reductor are connected with walking driver gear component.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has advantages below：
The 1st, crawler type traverse displacement unit, track assembly traffic direction and the walking of traverse displacement unit are set on apparatus body framework
Wheel assembly traffic direction is vertical, and caterpillar belt structure is simple with control.Compared to the board-like carrier of carrier vehicle, carrying of the present utility model is set
Empty wagons plate need not be transported during standby bicycle parking, the time has been saved, has improved operating efficiency.For comb tooth exchange type carrier,
Haulage equipment of the present utility model, also without lifting action, so as to which complex degree of structure and fault rate are lower, is deposited without intelligent carrier
The pick-up time is shorter.For folder rubber-tyred carrier is embraced, crawler belt conveying operates steadily, simpler than Multi-cylinder driving structure
And easy to control, fault rate step-down.
2nd, with it is existing road wheel is arranged on the both ends of vehicular transverse direction compared with, the utility model is by two groups of road wheels
Component is separately positioned on the both ends of vehicle longitudinal direction on apparatus body framework, so as to provide bigger sky to two groups of road wheels
Between, walking wheel diameter can be increased compared with existing equipment, and so as to which the equipment speed of travel accelerates, up to 300m/min, and walking is adopted
With variable-frequency motor, the speed of travel of controllable device, do not required suitable for large-scale garage, and to garage floor height.
3rd, the outside guide wheel assemblies and inner side guide wheel assemblies coordinated with guide rail can prevent equipment and the transverse direction of guide rail
Depart from, anti-springboard can prevent equipment from departing from guide rail because guide rail is uneven, so as to ensure the stability of equipment operation.
4th, haulage equipment of the present utility model can be not only used for multi-storied garage, it can also be used to which other field has guide rail carrying
The place of demand, has a wide range of application.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural perspective for the haulage equipment that embodiment of the present utility model is run based on guide rail；
Fig. 2 is the structural perspective of the utility model embodiment crawler type traverse displacement unit；
Fig. 3 is the special driving-chain part assembly drawing of the utility model embodiment；
Fig. 4 is the special driving-chain structure chart of the utility model embodiment.
Wherein：1-apparatus body framework, 2-walking driver gear component, 3-walking passive gear component, 4-control unit,
5-crawler type traverse displacement unit, 6, outside guide wheel assemblies, 7-inner side guide wheel assemblies, 8-anti-springboard, 21-are walked actively
Wheel, 22-rotating shaft, 31-walking passive gear, 41-variable-frequency motor, 42-reductor, 51-front-wheel track assembly, 52-trailing wheel
Track assembly, 53-jackshaft, 54-front-wheel guide component, 55-traversing motor, 511-special driving-chain, 512-preceding active
Axle, 513-preceding driven shaft, 514-preceding framework, 515-sprocket wheel, 516-tensioner wheel assembly, 517-laddertron, 518-chain
Guide plate, 5111-carrier bar, 5112-bearing plate, 521-rear driving shaft, 522-rear driven shaft, 523-rear framework, 541-
Correcting plate, 542-correcting skate.
Further narration in detail is done to the utility model embodiment below with reference to accompanying drawing：
The haulage equipment based on guide rail operation as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, including apparatus body framework 1, it is arranged on equipment sheet
Control unit 4 on body framework 1, the walking driver gear component 2 being arranged on apparatus body framework 1 and walking passive gear component 3,
The crawler type traverse displacement unit 5 that is arranged on apparatus body framework 1, the reductor 42 being connected with walking driver gear component 2, with slowing down
The variable-frequency motor 41 of the connection of machine 42, the outside guide wheel assemblies 6 for being fixedly installed on the same side of apparatus body framework 1 and inner side are oriented to
Wheel assembly 7, the anti-springboard 8 for being fixedly installed on the side of apparatus body framework 1.There is output shaft the both sides of reducing motor 42；Walking master
Drive wheel assemblies 2 include two walking driver gears, 21, two rotating shafts 22, and two rotating shafts 22 are arranged on apparatus body framework, two
22 equal one end of rotating shaft and the output axis connection of reducing motor 42, other end installation walking driver gear 21, rotating shaft 22 can be with the electricity that slows down
The rotation of the output shaft of machine 42 and rotate.Walking passive gear component 3 includes two walking passive gears, 31, two rotating shafts 21, walk from
Drive wheel assemblies 3 and 42 connectionless relation of variable-frequency motor 41 and reductor, other annexations of the component of walking passive gear component 3 with
Walking driver gear component 2 is identical.
Variable-frequency motor 41 is connected with control unit 4, and walking driver gear component 2 and walking passive gear component 3 are separately positioned on
The both ends of vehicle longitudinal direction on apparatus body framework 1；The haulage equipment when being walked on guide rail, outside guide wheel assemblies 6 with
The outside of one side rails coordinates, the fit inside of the side rails of inner side guide wheel assemblies 7 and one, and anti-springboard 8 is located at below guide rail.
Crawler type traverse displacement unit 5 includes front-wheel track assembly 51, trailing wheel track assembly 52, jackshaft 53, front-wheel correcting group
Part 54, traversing motor 55；Front-wheel track assembly 51 include two special driving-chains 511, preceding driving shaft 512, preceding driven shaft 513,
Preceding framework 514, two sprocket wheels 515, multiple laddertrons 517, jackshaft 53 are driven by traversing motor 55, the both ends point of jackshaft 53
It is not fixedly connected with preceding driving shaft 512 with rear driving shaft 521, traversing motor 55 is connected with control unit 4.
The both ends of framework 514, two sprocket wheels 515 are fixed respectively before preceding driving shaft 512 and preceding driven shaft 513 are separately mounted to
Before being set on driving shaft 512 and preceding driven shaft 513, two special driving-chains 511 are respectively by sprocket wheel 515 by preceding driving shaft
512 and preceding driven shaft 513 connect；Two special driving-chains 511 are that fixation is set on each carrier bar 5111 of traditional transmission chain
Bearing plate 5112 is equipped with, bearing plate 5112 is vertical with carrier bar 5111, before bearing plate 5112 is placed on framework 514；It is each trapezoidal
The both ends of pipe 517 are fixed on each bearing plate 5112 of special driving-chain 511, and laddertron 517 covers special driving-chain 511
Overall length scope, a part of laddertron is eliminated to show the structure below laddertron in figure.Front-wheel guide component 54 is fixed
It is arranged on the both sides of preceding framework 514 and positioned at the top of front-wheel track assembly 51, width and the vehicle front-wheel width of preceding framework 514
It is adapted；Front-wheel guide component 54 includes correcting plate 541 and correcting skate 542, the two of framework 514 before correcting plate 541 is fixed on
Side, correcting skate 542 are fixedly installed on correcting plate 541, and correcting skate 542 slopes inwardly.
Trailing wheel track assembly 52 includes at least two special driving-chains 511, rear driving shaft 521, rear driven shaft 522, rear structures
Frame 523, sprocket wheel 515, multiple laddertrons 517, annexation and the phase of front-wheel track assembly 51 of 52 each part of trailing wheel track assembly
Track assembly traffic direction is vertical with road wheel assembly operating direction.
Tensioner wheel assembly 516 is provided with every special driving-chain 511, and every special lower section of driving-chain 511 is fixed
The chain slide 518 contacted with special driving-chain 511 is provided with, chain slide 518 is symmetrically distributed in tensioner wheel assembly 516
Both sides, the tensioner degree of special driving-chain 511 is can adjust by adjusting the upper-lower position of tensioner wheel assembly 516.
During the haulage equipment work based on guide rail operation of the present embodiment, control system 4 controls variable-frequency motor 41 to rotate, and becomes
Frequency motor 41 imparts power to reductor 42, and reductor 42 drives walking driver gear 21 to be walked on guide rail, so as to walk from
Driving wheel 31 is also walked along guide rail.The front and rear wheel of vehicle is individually positioned on front-wheel track assembly 51 and trailing wheel track assembly 52, should
Haulage equipment vehicle vertically moves on the guide rail of multi-storied garage, vehicle is transported into target parking stall, then control system 4
Traversing motor 55 is controlled to work, traversing motor 55 imparts power to jackshaft 53 by Chain conveyer, and jackshaft 53 passes power
Preceding driving shaft 512 and rear driving shaft 521 are passed, so that preceding track assembly 51 and rear track assembly 52 are run, makes lateral direction of car
It is mobile, vehicle is traversing to target parking stall.