CN107697087B - Bogie and commodity circulation transport vechicle - Google Patents

Bogie and commodity circulation transport vechicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107697087B
CN107697087B CN201711166960.5A CN201711166960A CN107697087B CN 107697087 B CN107697087 B CN 107697087B CN 201711166960 A CN201711166960 A CN 201711166960A CN 107697087 B CN107697087 B CN 107697087B
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China
Prior art keywords
framework
traction
bogie
vehicle
transport vehicle
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CN201711166960.5A
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CN107697087A (en
Inventor
刘爱文
苏利杰
姚雄
孙博
梅琨
宋少波
尹刚
沈鹏
刘伟
蒋超
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CRRC Yangtze Co Ltd
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CRRC Yangtze Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201711166960.5A priority Critical patent/CN107697087B/en
Publication of CN107697087A publication Critical patent/CN107697087A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F5/00Constructional details of bogies; Connections between bogies and vehicle underframes; Arrangements or devices for adjusting or allowing self-adjustment of wheel axles or bogies when rounding curves
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F5/00Constructional details of bogies; Connections between bogies and vehicle underframes; Arrangements or devices for adjusting or allowing self-adjustment of wheel axles or bogies when rounding curves
    • B61F5/02Arrangements permitting limited transverse relative movements between vehicle underframe or bolster and bogie; Connections between underframes and bogies
    • B61F5/16Centre bearings or other swivel connections between underframes and bolsters or bogies
    • B61F5/18King-bolts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F9/00Rail vehicles characterised by means for preventing derailing, e.g. by use of guide wheels

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Handcart (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a bogie and a logistics transport vehicle, wherein the bogie comprises: the device comprises a framework, a traction center pin, a traction spherical hinge and a bearing spring; the middle part of the framework is provided with a pin hole; the traction center pin is penetrated in the pin hole, and the top of the traction center pin is fixedly connected with a vehicle body underframe of the logistics transport vehicle; the traction spherical hinge is sleeved on the traction center pin and is positioned in the pin hole; the bearing spring is fixed on the framework; the chassis is pressed on the bearing spring. This commodity circulation transport vechicle includes: bogie and car body arranged on the bogie. The logistics transport vehicle simplifies the bogie structure, reduces the occupied space of the device, and can be suitable for underground pipeline transportation with limited space.

Description

Bogie and commodity circulation transport vechicle
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of underground pipeline transportation, in particular to a bogie and a logistics transportation vehicle.
Background
In recent years, logistics services such as express delivery and the like are rapidly developed, huge pressure is brought to increasingly congested urban traffic, and the problem that urban congestion is forced to be not retarded is solved. Modern vehicles using gasoline and diesel oil as fuel bring serious air pollution and noise pollution to urban environment, and meanwhile, truck transportation brings potential safety hazard to cities. Thus, the track freight technology has been developed faster, and improvements in logistics transport vehicles running on rails are a key factor in the continued development of track freight technology.
The bogie structure of the logistics transport vehicle in the prior art is complex, and the occupied space is more.
Disclosure of Invention
The bogie and the logistics transport vehicle provided by the application solve or partially solve the technical problems that the bogie structure is complex and the occupied space is more in the prior art.
The application provides a bogie, comprising:
a framework, the middle part of which is provided with a pin hole;
the traction center pin is penetrated in the pin hole, and the top of the traction center pin is fixedly connected with a vehicle body underframe of the transport vehicle;
the traction spherical hinge is sleeved on the traction center pin and is positioned in the pin hole;
and the bearing spring is fixed on the framework, and the chassis of the carrier vehicle body is pressed on the bearing spring.
Preferably, the top of the traction center pin extends outwards to form a round fixed platform;
the fixed platform is fixedly connected with the vehicle body underframe through a plurality of fasteners uniformly distributed along the circumference of the fixed platform.
Preferably, the traction spherical hinge is a rubber spherical hinge;
the upper end face of the traction spherical hinge is level with the top face of the framework, and the lower end face of the traction spherical hinge is level with the bottom face of the framework;
the traction center pin is provided with a stop, and the traction spherical hinge is provided with a stop groove corresponding to the stop.
Preferably, the bogie is provided with two bearing springs which are fixed on two sides of the middle part of the framework;
the load spring includes: the spring, fix in the first connecting plate at the top of the said spring and fix in the second connecting plate at the bottom of the said spring;
the top surface of the first connecting plate is provided with at least one convex navel; the vehicle body underframe is provided with a groove corresponding to the convex navel;
the second connecting plate is fixedly connected with the framework through a fastener.
Preferably, the spring is a rubber spring or a steel spring;
the first connecting plate is provided with two convex umbilicus along the traveling direction of the transport vehicle;
the second connecting plate is a rectangular plate; the spring is fixed at the center of the second connecting plate; four corners of the second connecting plate are fixedly connected with the framework through bolts.
Preferably, the frame includes: two parallel arrangement's longeron, middle crossbeam and two side crossbeams, wherein:
the side cross beams are vertically fixed at the end parts of the longitudinal beams;
the middle cross beam is vertically fixed in the middle of the longitudinal beam;
the middle part of the middle cross beam is provided with the pin hole.
Preferably, the method further comprises:
The driving device is arranged below the framework;
the wheels are connected with the output end of the driving device;
and the braking device is used for braking the wheels.
Preferably, the driving device is fixedly connected with the framework through a fastener,
a rubber pad is arranged between the driving device and the framework;
the wheel is any one of an inflatable rubber wheel, a solid rubber wheel or a steel wheel.
Preferably, the driving device includes: the double output motor and connect two gear boxes of the output of double output motor, wherein:
the two gearboxes respectively drive the front end and the rear end of the vehicle through the axles to rotate.
Preferably, the method further comprises:
at least two guide wheel sets, wherein two guide wheel sets are respectively arranged on two cross beams of the framework; each guide wheel group comprises two guide wheels which are symmetrically arranged relative to the central axis of the framework;
the two guide wheels are arranged at the two ends or the middle of the framework cross beam.
Based on the same inventive concept, the application also provides a logistics transport vehicle, which comprises a vehicle body and the bogie, wherein the vehicle body is fixed on the framework of the bogie.
Preferably, the logistics transport vehicle is in particular a logistics transport vehicle for transporting goods in underground pipelines.
One or more technical solutions provided in the present application have at least the following technical effects or advantages:
because the middle part of the framework is provided with a pin hole; the traction center pin is penetrated in the pin hole, and the top of the traction center pin is fixedly connected with the chassis of the vehicle body of the transport vehicle; the traction spherical hinge is sleeved on the traction center pin and is positioned in the pin hole; the traction center pin is matched with the traction spherical hinge to transmit traction horizontal force to the vehicle body; fixing the bearing spring on the framework; the chassis of the car body is pressed on the bearing spring, and the vertical force between the car body and the framework is transmitted through the bearing spring; the structure cancels the components such as the swing bolster, the traction pull rod and the like in the conventional arrangement, has simple and reasonable structure and smaller occupied space under the condition of meeting the smooth running of the transport vehicle, improves the cargo loading space, enhances the transport capacity, and is particularly suitable for the underground pipeline transportation with limited space. Therefore, the technical problem of underground pipeline transportation with large occupied space of the bogie structure in the prior art is effectively solved, the bogie structure is simplified, the occupied space of the device is reduced, and the technical effect of underground pipeline transportation with limited space can be well adapted.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a bogie according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic illustration of the mating of the body underframe, traction center pin, load-bearing spring and frame of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of the traction center pin, load spring and frame of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the cooperation of the traction center pin, traction ball pivot and frame of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the towing center pin and towing ball joint of FIG. 4 in the A-A direction;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a pipeline transportation system according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic diagram of the cooperation of a guide rail and a guide wheel for guiding a logistics transport vehicle according to embodiment 4 of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged schematic view of the guide rail of FIG. 7;
fig. 9 is a schematic diagram of the cooperation of a guide rail and a guide wheel for guiding a logistics transport vehicle according to embodiment 5 of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is an enlarged schematic view of the guide rail of FIG. 9;
FIG. 11 is a side view of the guide rail and guide wheel combination for guiding a logistics transport vehicle provided in embodiment 5 of the present invention;
fig. 12 is a schematic view showing a closed state of a door of a logistic transportation vehicle with a door structure according to embodiment 6 of the present invention;
fig. 13 is a schematic view showing a state in which a door of a logistic transportation vehicle having a door structure provided in embodiment 6 of the present invention is opened;
Fig. 14 is a schematic connection diagram of an up-sliding door and an opening and closing mechanism of a logistics transportation vehicle having a door structure provided in embodiment 6 of the present invention;
FIG. 15 is a schematic view of the structure from the second view of FIG. 14;
FIG. 16 is an enlarged view of a portion A of FIG. 15;
FIG. 17 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the door panel, hinge, slide rail and pulley assembly provided in embodiment 6 of the present invention;
fig. 18 is a schematic view showing a first configuration of an underground pipeline transportation cargo transferring system according to embodiment 7 of the present invention;
FIG. 19 is a schematic view of the combined unit structure of the subterranean rotation apparatus of FIG. 18;
FIG. 20 is a schematic view of a combined unit structure of the lifting and rolling device in FIG. 18;
FIG. 21 is a schematic view of the assembled unit of the above-ground rotating device of FIG. 18;
FIG. 22 is a schematic diagram of a combined unit of the temporary storage device for abnormal cargo in FIG. 18;
fig. 23 is a schematic diagram of a second construction of the underground piping cargo transferring system according to embodiment 7 of the present invention.
( The components represented by the reference numerals in the figures 1 to 6 are in turn: 1 wheel, 2 frame, 3 traction spherical hinge, 4 traction center pin, 5 bearing spring, 6 brake device, 7 guide wheel, 8 driving device, 9 current collector, 10 car body underframe, 11 groove, 12 fixed platform, 13 stop, 14 second connecting plate, 15 first connecting plate, 16 convex navel, 17 spring )
Detailed Description
The bogie and the logistics transport vehicle solve or partially solve the technical problems that in the prior art, the bogie structure occupies a large space and cannot adapt to underground pipeline transportation with limited space, and a pin hole is formed in the middle of a framework; the traction center pin is penetrated in the pin hole, and the top of the traction center pin is fixedly connected with a vehicle body underframe of the logistics transport vehicle; the traction spherical hinge is sleeved on the traction center pin and is positioned in the pin hole; fixing the bearing spring on the framework; the chassis of the car body is pressed on the bearing spring, so that the technical effects of simplifying the bogie structure, reducing the occupied space of the device and adapting to the underground pipeline transportation with limited space are realized.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the bogie provided in the present application includes: the traction device comprises a framework 2, a traction center pin 4, a traction spherical hinge 3 and a bearing spring 5; the middle part of the framework 2 is provided with a pin hole; the traction center pin 4 is arranged in the pin hole in a penetrating way, and the top of the traction center pin is fixedly connected with the chassis 10 of the vehicle body of the transport vehicle; the traction spherical hinge 3 is sleeved on the traction center pin 4 and is positioned in the pin hole; the bearing spring 5 is fixed on the framework 2; the chassis 10 is pressed against the carrier spring 5.
Wherein, the traction center pin 4 is matched with the traction spherical hinge 3 to transmit traction horizontal force to the vehicle body; the vertical force between the vehicle body and the framework 2 is transmitted through the bearing spring 5; the utility model has the advantages of above-mentioned structure can satisfy the requirement of transport vechicle at underground pipeline transportation, compares current bogie structure, and this application has cancelled parts such as bolster, traction pull rod, makes simple structure reasonable, and occupation space is less, improves cargo loading space, guarantees underground pipeline transportation ability.
Further, referring to fig. 2 and 3, the top of the traction center pin 4 extends outwardly a circular fixed platform 12; the fixed platform 12 is fixedly connected with the vehicle body underframe 10 through a plurality of fasteners uniformly distributed along the circumference of the fixed platform. The round fixed platform 12 can facilitate the connection and fixation of the traction center pin 4 and the vehicle underframe 10, and enhance the connection stability of the vehicle and the framework 2. As a preferred embodiment, the fixing platform 12 can be fixedly connected with the vehicle body underframe 10 through four bolts uniformly distributed in the circumferential direction, so that on one hand, the connection firmness of the traction center pin 4 and the vehicle body underframe 10 is ensured, and on the other hand, the distribution of horizontal traction force in the running process of the logistics transport vehicle can be optimized.
Further, the traction spherical hinge 3 is a rubber spherical hinge, the outer circle of the traction spherical hinge 3 is pressed into a pin hole in the middle of the framework 2 through interference fit, the upper end face of the traction spherical hinge 3 is level with the top face of the framework 2, and the lower end face of the traction spherical hinge is level with the bottom face of the framework 2; the traction spherical hinge 3 has large displacement and small rigidity along the axial direction, the traction center pin 4 is released to move vertically, the vertical load of the vehicle body is borne by the bearing spring 5, the longitudinal and transverse loads of the vehicle body are transmitted to the framework 2 through the traction spherical hinge 3 by the traction center pin 4, the rubber spherical hinge has good buffering performance, the stability of traction transmission is ensured, and structural abrasion or poor deformation caused by rigid contact of the traction center pin 4 and the framework 2 is avoided. Referring to fig. 4 and 5, the traction center pin 4 is provided with a stop 13, the traction spherical hinge 3 is provided with a stop groove corresponding to the stop 13, and the stop 13 extending out of the traction center pin 4 is matched with the groove on the traction spherical hinge 3 so as to prevent abrasion caused by rotation between the two.
Further, the bogie is provided with two bearing springs 5 which are fixed on two sides of the middle part of the framework 2; the vertical load of the vehicle body is borne by two series of springs at two sides of the middle part of the framework 2; referring to fig. 3, the load spring 5 includes: a spring 17, a first connecting plate 15 fixed on the top of the spring 17, and a second connecting plate 14 fixed on the bottom of the spring 17; the top surface of the first connecting plate 15 is provided with at least one convex navel 16; referring to fig. 2, a vehicle body chassis 10 is provided with a groove 11 corresponding to a navel 16; the convex navel 16 is matched with the groove 11 to effectively limit the relative displacement of the chassis 10 of the vehicle body and the bearing spring 5, ensure the stability of the relative positions of the chassis 10 and the bearing spring, and the second connecting plate 14 is fixedly connected with the framework 2 through a fastener. The spring 17 has good buffering performance on the basis of bearing vertical force, and ensures the stability of the running process of the transport vehicle.
Wherein the spring 17 is a rubber spring or a steel spring; the rubber spring or the steel spring has low cost, simple structure, no power source and performance meeting the requirements of the logistics transport vehicle. The first connecting plate 15 is provided with two convex umbilicus 16 along the travelling direction of the logistics transport vehicle, so that the four convex umbilicus 16 matched with the groove 11 is rectangular between the vehicle body underframe 10 and the bearing spring 5, thereby forming good support for the vehicle body underframe 10, being capable of being well adapted to the vehicle body inclination caused by inertia in the steering, starting and decelerating processes of the transport vehicle, and guaranteeing the operation safety of the transport vehicle. The second connecting plate 14 is a rectangular plate; the spring 17 is fixed at the center of the second connecting plate 14; the four corners of the second connecting plate 14 are fixedly connected with the framework 2 through bolts, so that the connection stability of the bearing spring 5 and the framework 2 is ensured.
Further, referring to fig. 1, the frame 2 includes: two parallel longitudinal beams, a middle cross beam and two side cross beams; the side cross beams are vertically fixed at the end parts of the longitudinal beams; the middle cross beam is vertically fixed in the middle of the longitudinal beam; the middle part of the middle cross beam is provided with a pin hole. The longitudinal beam, the middle cross beam and the two side cross beams are positioned on the same horizontal plane, and after being welded with each other, the whole framework 2 is guaranteed to have good strength and rigidity, so that the requirement of cargo transportation of the logistics transport vehicle is met; the longitudinal beam, the middle cross beam and the two side cross beams are all made of hollow square steel structures, and the dead weight of the bogie is reduced on the basis of ensuring the stress performance of the structures.
Further, the method further comprises the following steps: a driving device 8, wheels 1, a braking device 6; the driving device 8 is arranged below the framework 2; the wheel 1 is connected with the output end of the driving device 8; the brake device 6 is connected to the wheel 1. The wheels 1 are driven to rotate by the driving device 8, so that the logistics transport vehicle walks, and the braking device 6 stops the logistics transport vehicle. The driving device 8 is fixedly connected with the framework 2 through a fastener; a rubber pad is arranged between the driving device 8 and the framework 2; the rubber pad can improve the stress condition between the driving device 8 and the framework 2, has a certain vibration reduction and buffering effect, and reduces the vibration transmitted to the driving device 8 by the framework 2 in the running process of the vehicle, so as to protect the driving device 8 from working stably. The wheel 1 is any one of an inflatable rubber wheel, a solid rubber wheel or a steel wheel, the transport vehicle generally runs on a track in the underground pipe gallery, the wall thickness of the underground pipe gallery is generally thinner, the impact force of the logistics transport vehicle on the pipe gallery can be reduced by the inflatable rubber wheel or the solid rubber wheel, and the solid rubber wheel has stronger bearing capacity and higher safety, so that the solid rubber wheel is a preferable scheme of the application.
Further, as a first implementation form, the driving device 8 includes: the double-output motor and the two gear boxes are connected to the output ends of the double-output motor; the two gearboxes are rotated by the front and rear wheels 1 of the axle drive respectively. As another implementation, the driving device 8 may be two motors arranged below the frame 2 to drive a gear box to work respectively, so as to drive the front and rear wheels 1 to rotate. As a third implementation, the driving device 8 may also be a gear motor that drives the front and rear wheels 1 to rotate by an axle.
Further, the method further comprises the following steps: at least two guide wheel sets, wherein the two guide wheel sets are respectively arranged on two side cross beams of the framework 2; the guide wheel group comprises two guide wheels 7 which are symmetrically arranged relative to the central axis of the framework 2; two leading wheels 7 set up in the both ends or the centre of side cross beam, and leading wheel 7 corresponds the setting with the guide rail, when two leading wheels 7 arrange in the both ends of side cross beam, can regard two running rails as the guide rail, four leading wheels 7 at two both ends of front and back two side cross beams roll along running rail's side, realizes the steady direction when commodity circulation transport vechicle turns. When two guide wheels 7 are arranged in the middle of the side cross beam, one guide rail is required to be arranged in the middle of the two running rails, and the two guide wheels 7 move along the two sides of the guide rail, so that stable guide of the logistics transport vehicle during turning is realized.
Further, referring to fig. 1, the method further includes: at least one current collector 9 is arranged below the framework 2, and is matched with a current collecting rail or other current collecting components paved in the underground pipe gallery to obtain electric energy, so that the driving device 8 and other power utilization components are supplied with electric energy.
An embodiment provides a bogie in a specific form, and the following describes a logistics transportation vehicle structure:
example two
This commodity circulation transport vechicle includes: the vehicle body, and the bogie in the above embodiment, is fixed to the frame 2 of the bogie, and the logistics transport vehicle is in particular a logistics transport vehicle for transporting goods in an underground pipeline, i.e. the bogie runs on a running rail in the underground pipeline. The underground pipeline cargo transportation is taken as a novel transportation mode, urban traffic jam can be effectively relieved, air pollution and noise pollution are reduced, cargo transportation efficiency is greatly improved, and the logistics transportation vehicle provided by the embodiment is particularly suitable for underground pipeline transportation with limited space because the structure of the bogie is simplified, the occupied space is reduced, the volume of the vehicle body can be increased, and the transportation capacity is enhanced.
The foregoing describes a specific example structure of a bogie and a logistics transport vehicle, and the following describes a pipeline transport system including the bogie and the logistics transport vehicle according to the foregoing embodiments:
The present application provides a pipeline transportation system, see fig. 6-23, comprising: the system comprises a pipeline 1, at least one running rail set 3, a logistics transport vehicle, a power supply assembly and a switching system 5; the pipeline 1 is buried underground and communicated with a plurality of loading and unloading stations; the running rail group 3 is fixed in the inner wall of the underground pipeline 1; the running rail group 3 comprises two running rails which are arranged in parallel; the commodity circulation transport vechicle includes: a bogie 4 running on the running rail set 3, a vehicle body 2 provided on the bogie 4; the power supply assembly is used for providing electric energy required by operation for the logistics transport vehicle; the transit system 5 includes: an underground rotation device 54, a lifting device and an overground rotation device 51; the switching system 5 is arranged at a loading and unloading station and is used for transferring the goods container on the logistics transport vehicle to a unloading warehouse of a ground platform or transferring the goods container of the unloading warehouse to the logistics transport vehicle.
Further, two ends of the pipeline 1 are communicated with a large-scale underground loading and unloading station; the middle of the pipeline 1 is communicated with a plurality of branch pipelines with the same structure as the pipeline 1, and the end parts of the branch pipelines are communicated with a small underground loading and unloading station; the branch pipeline is internally provided with running branch rail groups with the same structures and the same number as the running rail groups 3, and the running branch rail groups are connected with the corresponding running rail groups 3. And the cargo transportation between each large-scale and small-scale underground loading and unloading stations is realized through the pipeline 1 and the branch pipeline, so that the transportation efficiency is improved. A plurality of ventilation components and a plurality of illumination components are arranged in the pipeline 1 and the branch pipeline, so that personnel can enter the pipeline 1 to overhaul or replace the components.
The following describes a specific structure of the pipeline 1 and the running rail set 3 in the pipeline transportation system of the present application:
example 1
The pipeline 1 is made of steel or concrete, and the section of the pipeline is circular; a running rail set 3 is disposed in the circular pipe 1, and at this time, the running rail set 3 includes: the first running rail and the second running rail are symmetrical about the central line of the circular pipeline 1, and are made of steel; the first running rail and the second running rail are fixed on the pipeline 1 through fasteners or welding, or the first running rail and the second running rail are manufactured through integral forming with the pipeline 1, and as the logistics transport vehicle has certain weight, the structural requirements on the running rail group 3 and the pipeline 1 are higher when the logistics transport vehicle is fully loaded for transporting goods, the integral strength and the rigidity of the steel pipeline 1 and the running rail group 3 are higher, the suspension and transportation requirements of the logistics transport vehicle can be met, and good structural stability is ensured. The steel pipeline 1 has good sealing performance, is suitable for underground environment, prevents soil and water from entering a transportation channel, and ensures the transportation environment.
The pipeline 1 is provided with a current receiving rail which is arranged on the inner wall at the top of the pipeline 1; the current receiving rail is connected with the power supply component to transmit electric energy to the logistics transport vehicle; the current-receiving rail is fixed on the inner wall at the top of the pipeline 1 through a fastener, and when the pipeline 1 is made of steel, an insulating pad is arranged between the current-receiving rail and the pipeline 1. The electric energy is obtained through the current-receiving rail to be supplied to the driving device of the vehicle, so that the electric driving of the logistics transport vehicle is realized, and the air pollution caused by the traditional fuel driving is reduced.
Another specific structure of the pipe and running rail set in the pipe transportation system of the present application is described below:
example 2
The pipeline 1 is made of steel or concrete, and the section of the pipeline is elliptical or square; two running rail sets 3 are arranged in the pipeline 1, wherein one running rail set 3 comprises: a third running rail and a fourth running rail, and the other running rail set 3 includes: fifth running rail and sixth running rail. The third running rail and the sixth running rail are symmetrically arranged at two sides of the bottom of the oval pipeline 1, the fourth running rail and the fifth running rail are fixed in the middle of the bottom of the oval pipeline 1, and the fourth running rail and the fifth running rail can be independently arranged or can be made into a whole. The material of the running rail set 3 and the connection method with the pipe 1 in this embodiment are the same as those in embodiment 1. The two running rail groups 3 can realize the same-direction side-by-side running of the logistics transport vehicle, or the two-way running of the logistics transport vehicle, so that the transport capacity of the whole underground pipeline transport system is improved.
Two current receiving rails are arranged in the pipeline 1, and the two current receiving rails are respectively arranged on the inner wall of the pipeline 1 corresponding to the running rail groups 3; the current-collecting rail is fixed on the pipeline 1 through a fastener, and an insulating pad is arranged between the current-collecting rail and the pipeline 1 when the pipeline 1 is made of steel materials.
The pipe transportation system of the present application is further provided with a guide rail 418, and a specific structure of the guide rail 418 is described below:
example 4
Referring to fig. 7-11, guide wheels 407 are symmetrically arranged at the bottom of the framework 402 through fasteners and respectively matched with concave rail surfaces at two sides of the guide rail 418, so that the over-bending guide of the logistics transport vehicle is realized.
The guide rail 418 includes: a lower portion 4183 fixed to the ground, a middle portion 4182, and an enlarged structure 4181 located above the middle portion 4182; the rail surfaces on two sides of the middle part 4182 are planes; the vertical cross-sectional width of the lower portion 4183 is greater than the width of the middle portion 4182 and the enlarged structure 4181; as a preferred embodiment, the vertical section of the middle portion 4182 is an isosceles trapezoid, and the bottom side of the isosceles trapezoid is longer than the top side, namely, the inclined rail surfaces on two sides of the middle portion 4182 incline downwards, when the vehicle is bent, the guide wheels can slide to a certain extent relative to the inclined rail surfaces, centrifugal force generated by the vehicle is offset to a certain extent, and stability of the running gear and the vehicle body 2 during the vehicle process is enhanced. The lower portion 4183 of the guide rail 418 is wider to secure the guide rail 418 for providing sufficient steering force.
The angle between the inclined rail surface and the vertical plane can be set to be 5-15 degrees, and an excessive angle can cause insufficient steering force provided by the guide wheels 407; and when the included angle is too small, the guide wheels 407 cannot effectively slide on the inclined rail surface, so that the stability of the bogie 4 and the vehicle body 2 of the logistics transport vehicle is reduced when the vehicle is bent. The radial cross section of the guide wheel 407 is perpendicular to the inclined rail surface of the middle portion 4182 of the guide rail 418.
The middle portion 4182 and the lower portion 4183 of the guide rail 418 transition through an arcuate surface. Both sides of the expanding structure 4181 of the guide rail 418 are arc-shaped surfaces; the enlarged structure 4181 of the guide rail 418 has a sectional width gradually increasing from bottom to top. The middle part 4182 and the lower part 4183 are in cambered surface transition, and the expansion structure 4181 is arranged in a way that the cambered surfaces are beneficial to the sliding of the guide wheels 407 on the rail surface of the guide rail 418; the circular arc-shaped expansion structure 4181 can limit the sliding distance of the guide wheel 407, and effectively prevent derailment.
The pipe transportation system of the present application is further provided with a guide rail, and another specific structure of the guide rail 418 is described below:
example 5
Referring to fig. 7-11, guide wheels 407 are symmetrically arranged at the bottom of the framework 402 through fasteners and respectively matched with concave rail surfaces at two sides of the guide rail 418, so that the over-bending guide of the logistics transport vehicle is realized.
The guide rail 418 includes: a lower part 4183 fixed on the ground, a middle part 4182 with arc rail surfaces at two sides and an expansion structure 4181 positioned above the middle part 4182; the two sides of the expansion structure 4181 are arc-shaped surfaces, and the section width is gradually increased from bottom to top; the middle part 4182 and the lower part 4183 of the guide rail 418 pass through the cambered surface transition, namely, the two sides of the guide rail 418 are provided with concave cambered surfaces, so that smoothness of sliding of the guide wheels 407 on the rail surface of the guide rail 418 is ensured, and stability of the bogie 4 and the vehicle body 2 when the vehicle passes through the curve is enhanced. The outer surface of the guide wheel 407 is an arc surface, and is matched with the concave arc surface, so that smoothness of sliding of the guide wheel 407 is ensured. The lower portion 4183 of the guide rail 418 is wider to secure the guide rail 418 for providing sufficient steering force.
The following describes a specific structure of a vehicle body of the pipe transportation system of the present application:
example 6
Referring to fig. 12 to 17, the vehicle body 2 includes: a bottom frame, end walls 204, a top frame 202, an upper sliding door 201 and an opening and closing mechanism; the underframe is fixed on the bogie 4; end walls 204 are fixed at the ends of the chassis; the top frame 202 is fixed on top of the end wall 204; the upper sliding door 201 is slidably arranged between the end walls 204 and is positioned at the side edge of the underframe; the opening and closing mechanism drives the upper sliding door 201 to slide upward below the top frame 202.
Wherein, after the commodity circulation transport vechicle berthhed the loading and unloading website, open the sliding door 201, make the goods container move in or remove inside the automobile body from the opening, the sliding door 201 upwards slides to the roof-rack 202 below, does not occupy the outside pipeline space of automobile body, guarantees that the automobile body has great cargo space, and increases the cargo capacity, guarantee goods underground pipeline transportation transfer efficiency.
Further, the upper sliding door 201 includes a plurality of door panels 213 vertically arranged side by side; adjacent door panels 213 are hinged by hinges 212. The opening and closing mechanism includes: the device comprises a sliding rail 211, a traction motor, a traction rope, a guide wheel and a plurality of pulleys 214; the sliding rails 211 are symmetrically arranged at two sides of the upper sliding door 201; the pulley 214 is movably arranged in the sliding rail 211 and fixedly connected with the hinge 212; the guide wheel is arranged at the top end of the sliding rail 211; the traction rope is sleeved on the guide wheel, one end of the traction rope is fixedly connected with a door plate 213 at the top of the upper sliding door 201, and the other end of the traction rope is fixedly connected with the door plate 213 at the bottom of the upper sliding door 201; the traction motor is a bidirectional motor; the traction motor drives the guide wheel to rotate, drives the traction rope to drive, and then drives the upper sliding door 201 to ascend or descend, and simultaneously, the pulley 214 rolls upwards or downwards in the sliding rail 211.
Further, the slide rail 211 includes: a vertical section at the lower part, an arc section and a horizontal section at the upper part; the arc-shaped section is connected with the vertical section and the horizontal section; the horizontal section is arranged below the top frame 202 in parallel and is parallel to the end wall 204; the guide pulley is fixed at the tip of horizontal segment.
Further, the door panel 213 is provided with an observation window 209, and the observation window 209 is used for observing the condition of the cargo container carried in the vehicle body 2, and the observation window 209 may be a perspective glass or a grid plate. Two upper sliding doors 201 are arranged on the side edge of the vehicle body 2; a central partition beam 203 is arranged in the middle of the side edge of the underframe, and an upper sliding door 201 is arranged between the central partition beam 203 and two end walls 204; the sliding rail 211 on one side of the upper sliding door 201 is fixed on the central partition beam 203, and the sliding rail 211 on the other side is fixed on the end wall 204; the traction motor is provided on the center spacer 203.
As one implementation: the vehicle body 2 further comprises a side wall, the side wall is fixed on one side of the underframe, the upper sliding door 201 and the opening and closing mechanism are arranged on the other side of the underframe, the opening or closing of the vehicle door on one side of the vehicle body 2 is realized, and the cargo container is moved into or out of the vehicle body 2 through the side wall. To realize the loading and unloading cargo collectors on two sides of the vehicle body 2, another implementation manner is provided in the application: both sides of the vehicle body 2 are provided with upper sliding doors 201; the upper sliding doors 201 on both sides are driven by corresponding opening and closing mechanisms to be able to slide upward to different heights below the top frame 202.
To facilitate the movement of cargo into and out of the body 2, the body 2 is provided with an automated loading and unloading platform 210.
The automatic loading and unloading platform 210 includes: a plurality of rotating rollers and a rotating roller motor connected with the rotating rollers; the rotating rollers are arranged on the underframe of the vehicle body side by side; the rotating roller motor drives the rotating roller to rotate, so that the goods container on the rotating roller moves out of or moves into the vehicle body 2; after the logistics transport vehicle stops at the loading and unloading station, the rotating rod of the automatic loading and unloading platform 210 is in butt joint with the transport roller way of the loading and unloading station, and the goods container removed by the rotating rod is sent to a goods storage point, or the goods container of the goods storage point is sent to the rotating rod in the vehicle body 2.
Wherein, the goods container is placed on the inside many rollers that rotate of automobile body 2, and behind bogie 4 drove automobile body 2 operation to the loading and unloading site in underground, the upper sliding door 201 of automobile body 2 opens, and the roller motor drive rotates the roller and rotates, makes the goods container that places on the roller to shift out automobile body 2, or makes the goods container of loading and unloading site shift into the inside storage space of automobile body 2, need not to use loading and unloading tools such as crane or fork truck to accomplish loading or unloading of goods, improves the transportation efficiency of goods underground pipeline transportation.
Further, the transmission direction of the automatic loading and unloading platform 210 is perpendicular to the running direction of the bogie 4, and in the running process of the logistics transport vehicle, the rotating stick bears axial force but not rotation moment, so that the position stability of the goods container on the rotating stick in the running process of the logistics transport vehicle is ensured, and the relative sliding of the goods container by the rotation stick due to the inertia force generated in the running process of the goods container is avoided.
Further, the roller motor is a bidirectional rotating motor, and can drive the rotating roller to rotate forward or backward, so that the cargo container can move in or out of the vehicle body 2, or when the vehicle body 2 opens the upper sliding doors 201 on different sides, different running directions are selected through the bidirectional rotating motor, so that the cargo container moves out of or moves into the vehicle body 2 from the upper sliding doors 201 on different sides. A plurality of automatic loading and unloading platforms 210 are arranged in the vehicle body 2 along the length direction, and as the vehicle body 2 is longer, small-volume goods collectors can be respectively placed on each automatic loading and unloading platform 210, and each automatic loading and unloading platform 210 is in butt joint with a transport roller way of a loading and unloading station in sequence, so that loading or unloading of each goods collector is realized; a large-volume cargo container may also be placed on the plurality of automated loading and unloading platforms 210 to provide sufficient driving force for the large-volume cargo container.
Further, the roll body of the rotary roll is sleeved with an anti-slip layer, friction force between the goods collector and the rotary roll is increased, and when the logistics transport vehicle starts or stops, the goods collector has a certain inertia force effect in the running direction, and the anti-slip layer of the rotary roll can effectively prevent the goods collector from sliding relative to the rotary roll.
Further, a limiting device is arranged on the underframe of the vehicle body 2 close to the automatic loading and unloading platform 210; the limiting device comprises: a limit motor, a gear rack mechanism and a limit stop; the limiting motor is fixed on the underframe and is connected with a gear of the gear rack mechanism; the limit stop is fixedly connected with a rack of the gear rack mechanism; a rubber pad is arranged on one side of the limit stop, which is close to the automatic loading and unloading platform 210.
As a preferred embodiment, a limiting device may be disposed in the middle of the periphery of the automatic loading and unloading platform 210, respectively; in the process of loading and unloading the goods container, the limit stop of the limiting device is positioned at a position lower than the rotating rod, when the goods container falls on the automatic loading and unloading platform 210, the limiting motor drives the gear rack mechanism to work, and the rack drives the limit stop to rise to a position higher than the rotating rod, so that the goods container is limited in the limit stop around, the logistics transport vehicle is prevented from running, and the goods tray slides on the automatic loading and unloading platform 210. In addition, the operation mode is as follows: after the logistics transport vehicle stops at the loading and unloading station, the rotating rod of the automatic loading and unloading platform 210 is in butt joint with the transport roller way of the loading and unloading station, the limit stop block of the limit device on the opposite side of the transport roller way is lifted, and other limit devices keep an initial state, so that when the goods loader moves onto the rotating rod from the transport roller way, the lifted limit stop block can prevent the goods loader from sliding on the automatic loading and unloading platform 210 under the inertia effect, and after the goods loader falls on the automatic loading and unloading platform 210, other limit devices work to lift the limit stop block on other positions of the automatic loading and unloading platform 210.
The following describes a specific structure of the transit system in the pipeline transportation system of the present application:
example 7
Referring to fig. 18 to 23, the transit system 5 includes: an underground rotation device 54, a lifting device and an overground rotation device 51; the underground rotating device 54 is arranged on the underground platform to receive and transmit the goods container sent by the logistics transport vehicle; the lifting device is arranged in a channel between the underground platform and the ground platform to receive the goods container conveyed by the underground rotating device 54 and lift the goods container to the ground platform; the above-ground turning device 51 is provided on the ground platform to receive the cargo container transferred by the lifting device and to send the cargo container into the discharge warehouse. The underground turning device 54 and the above-ground turning device 51 are each constituted by arranging a plurality of combined units.
Meanwhile, the above-ground rotating device 51 can also receive and transmit the goods container sent out by the unloading warehouse, the lifting device can also receive the goods container transmitted by the above-ground rotating device 51 and lower the goods container to the underground platform, and the underground rotating device 54 can also receive the goods container transmitted by the lifting device and send the goods container into the logistics transport vehicle.
The subsurface rotation device 54 includes: the first support 542 fixed on the underground platform, a plurality of first roller tables 541 arranged in parallel and arranged at the top of the first support 542, and a first driving component for driving the first roller tables 541 to convey; the logistics transport vehicle is provided with a roller way for automatically loading and unloading so as to load and transport the goods container; after the logistics transport vehicle stops to the loading and unloading station, the roller way is in butt joint with the first roller way 541; the roller way is the same as the first roller way 541 in the transport direction. The first driving member may be any one of a gear transmission mechanism, a belt transmission mechanism, or a chain transmission mechanism.
In one implementation, a specific structure of the underground rotary device is described below:
the first roller table 541 includes a plurality of rollers arranged along a conveying direction of the first roller table; the roller is rotatably disposed on the first bracket 542 by a roller shaft.
The first drive component is a gear transfer mechanism comprising: the device comprises a bidirectional motor, driving teeth, a plurality of driven teeth and idle gears arranged between adjacent driven teeth; the bi-directional motor is fixed on the first bracket 542, and the output end is fixedly connected with the driving teeth to drive the driving teeth to rotate in the forward direction or the reverse direction; the driven teeth are fixed on the corresponding rollers, and follow the driving teeth to synchronously rotate through the idler wheels, so that the rollers on the first bracket 542 synchronously rotate.
In a second implementation manner, another specific structure of the underground rotation device is described below:
the first roller table 541 includes a plurality of first conveying rollers arranged in a conveying direction of the first roller table; the first conveying roller is rotatably provided on the first bracket 542 by a rotation shaft.
The first drive component is a belt conveyor mechanism comprising: a bi-directional motor and a plurality of synchronous belts.
One of the synchronous belts is sleeved on the output shaft of the bidirectional motor and the rotating shaft of the adjacent first conveying roller, and the other synchronous belts are respectively sleeved on the rotating shafts of the adjacent first conveying rollers; the bidirectional motor enables the plurality of first conveying rollers to synchronously rotate through the synchronous belt.
Implementation III
The switching system provided in this embodiment includes an underground rotation device in implementation one or implementation two, and further includes the following lifting device:
the lifting device comprises: a second bracket 52 fixed in the passage, a supporting and conveying table 53, and a lifting driving part; the second bracket 52 is provided with a slide rail; the lifting driving part drives the supporting and conveying table 53 to ascend or descend along the sliding guide rail; the supporting and conveying table 53 can convey the cargo container, and the conveying direction of the supporting and conveying table 53 is the same as the conveying direction of the first roller table 541.
Wherein, when the supporting and conveying table 53 rises to the upper limit position, the supporting and conveying table 53 is flush with the top surface of the ground rotating device 51; when the support transfer table 53 is lowered to the lower limit position, the support transfer table 53 is flush with the top surface of the underground turning device 54.
The supporting and conveying table 53 includes a plurality of second conveying rollers, second driving members, and supporting frames arranged side by side; the second conveying roller is rotatably arranged on the supporting frame through a rotating shaft; the second driving member may be any one of a gear transmission mechanism, a belt transmission mechanism, or a chain transmission mechanism.
The following describes the case where the second driving member is a belt conveying mechanism in detail:
The second driving part includes: a bi-directional motor and a plurality of synchronous belts.
One of the synchronous belts is sleeved on the output shaft of the bidirectional motor and the rotating shaft of the adjacent second conveying roller, and the other synchronous belts are respectively sleeved on the rotating shafts of the adjacent second conveying rollers; the bidirectional motor enables the plurality of second conveying rollers to synchronously rotate through the synchronous belt.
Further, the support frame is provided with pulleys matched with the sliding rail; the lifting driving part is an air cylinder or a hydraulic cylinder.
In a fourth implementation manner, the switching system provided in this embodiment includes the underground rotation device in the first implementation manner or the second implementation manner, and further includes the following lifting device:
the lifting device comprises: a second bracket 52 fixed in the passage, a supporting and conveying table 53, and a lifting driving part; the second bracket 52 is provided with a slide rail; the lifting driving part drives the supporting and conveying table 53 to ascend or descend along the sliding guide rail; the supporting and conveying table 53 can convey the cargo container, and the conveying direction of the supporting and conveying table 53 is perpendicular to the conveying direction of the first roller table 541.
The transit system 5 further comprises: the lifting and rolling device 55 is formed by arranging a plurality of combined units.
The lifting and rolling device 55 includes: the lifting device comprises a transfer fixing frame 551, a transfer lifting frame 552, a lifting driving part 553, a plurality of first transfer roller tables 554 with the same transfer direction as the first roller tables 541, a plurality of second transfer roller tables 555 with the same transfer direction as the transfer direction of the supporting transfer table 53, and a second support 52 of the lifting device, wherein one end of each second transfer roller table 555 extends to the corresponding second support 52 of the lifting device.
The second transfer roller way 555 is arranged on the transfer fixing frame 551; the first transfer roller 554 is disposed on the transfer lifting frame 552; the lifting driving part 553 is fixed on the transfer fixing frame 551, and an output end is connected with the transfer lifting frame 552 to drive the transfer lifting frame 552 to lift or descend.
Wherein, when the supporting and conveying table 53 rises to the upper limit position, the top surface of the supporting and conveying table 53 is flush with the top surface of the ground rotating device 51; when the supporting and conveying table 53 descends to the lower limit position, the top surface of the supporting and conveying table 53 is flush with the top surface of the second transfer roller table 555.
When the transfer lifting frame 552 rises to the upper limit position, the top surface of the first transfer roller table 555 is flush with the top surface of the first roller table 541 of the underground rotating device 54 and is higher than the top surface of the second transfer roller table 555; when the transfer lifting frame 552 descends to the lower limit position, the top surface of the first transfer roller 554 is lower than the top surface of the second transfer roller 555.
Further, the first transfer roller 554 includes a plurality of rollers disposed along a conveying direction of the first transfer roller 554; the rollers are rotatably arranged on the transfer lifting frame 552 through rollers; the first transfer table 554 is driven by any one of a gear conveying mechanism, a belt conveying mechanism, or a chain conveying mechanism, wherein the gear conveying mechanism has the same structure as the gear conveying mechanism provided in the first embodiment, and the belt conveying mechanism has the same structure as the belt conveying mechanism provided in the second embodiment.
The second transfer roller way 555 comprises a plurality of conveying rollers arranged along the conveying direction of the second transfer roller way 555; the conveying roller is rotatably arranged on the transfer fixing frame through a rotating shaft; the second transfer roller table 555 is driven by any one of a gear conveying mechanism, a belt conveying mechanism or a chain conveying mechanism, wherein the gear conveying mechanism has the same structure as the gear conveying mechanism provided in the first embodiment, and the belt conveying mechanism has the same structure as the belt conveying mechanism provided in the second embodiment.
The transit system 5 provided in this embodiment further includes an abnormal cargo temporary storage device 56, which is formed by at least one combination unit, and is used for temporarily storing the cargo container in an abnormal state.
The abnormal cargo temporary storage device 56 includes: a temporary storage support 561 fixed on an underground platform, a plurality of parallel temporary storage roller tables 562 arranged on the top of the temporary storage support 561, and a temporary storage driving component for driving the temporary storage roller tables 562 to convey; the temporary storage roller way 562 and the supporting and conveying table 53 have the same conveying direction; the temporary storage support 561 is arranged at the side end of the transfer fixing frame 551 of the lifting rolling device 55, the temporary storage roller way 562 is in butt joint with the other end of the second transfer roller way 555, namely the lifting device and the abnormal cargo temporary storage device 56 are respectively positioned at the two ends of the lifting rolling device 55.
When the cargo container conveyed by the first roller way 541 of the underground rotating device 54 is in a normal state, the lifting rolling device 55 conveys the cargo container to the lifting device, when the cargo container conveyed by the first roller way 541 of the underground rotating device 54 is in an abnormal state, the lifting rolling device 55 conveys the cargo container to the temporary storage roller way 562 of the abnormal cargo temporary storage device 56 for temporary storage, and when the abnormal state of the cargo container is converted to be normal, the abnormal cargo temporary storage device 56 conveys the cargo container to the lifting rolling device 55 and the lifting device again for normal conveying process; when the abnormal state of the cargo container cannot be released, the abnormal cargo container in the abnormal state may be manually removed from the abnormal cargo temporary storage device 56.
The temporary storage driving part is any one of a gear conveying mechanism, a belt conveying mechanism and a chain conveying mechanism.
The following describes the case where the temporary storage driving member is a belt conveying mechanism in detail:
the temporary storage roller table 562 includes a plurality of temporary storage conveying rollers arranged along a conveying direction of the temporary storage roller table 562; the temporary storage conveying roller is rotatably arranged on the temporary storage support 561 through a rotating shaft.
The temporary storage driving part includes: a bi-directional motor and a plurality of synchronous belts.
One of the synchronous belts is sleeved on the output shaft of the bidirectional motor and the rotating shaft of the adjacent temporary storage conveying roller, and the other synchronous belts are respectively sleeved on the rotating shafts of the adjacent temporary storage conveying rollers; the bidirectional motor enables the temporary storage conveying rollers to synchronously rotate through the synchronous belt.
In a fifth implementation manner, the switching system 5 provided in this embodiment includes: the underground rotating device 54 in the first or second embodiment, and the lifting device in the third or fourth embodiment, further include the following ground rotating device 51:
the above-ground rotating device 51 includes: the third support 511 is fixed on the ground platform, a plurality of third roller tables 512 which are arranged at the top of the third support 511 in parallel, and a third driving component for driving the third roller tables 512 to convey; the third roller table 512 has the same conveying direction as the supporting conveying table 53; the third driving member is any one of a gear transmission mechanism, a belt transmission mechanism, and a chain transmission mechanism.
The case where the third driving member is a belt conveying mechanism will be specifically described below:
the third roller table 512 includes a plurality of third conveying rollers arranged along a conveying direction of the third roller table 512; the third conveying roller is rotatably provided on the third bracket 511 by a rotation shaft.
The third driving part includes: a bi-directional motor and a plurality of synchronous belts.
One of the synchronous belts is sleeved on the output shaft of the bidirectional motor and the rotating shaft of the adjacent third conveying roller, and the other synchronous belts are respectively sleeved on the rotating shafts of the adjacent third conveying rollers; the bidirectional motor enables the plurality of third conveying rollers to synchronously rotate through the synchronous belt.
In a sixth implementation manner, the switching system provided in this embodiment includes: the underground rotating device 54 in the first or second embodiment, the lifting device in the third or fourth embodiment, and the above-ground rotating device 51 in the fifth embodiment further include: a parking auxiliary unloading device;
the parking auxiliary unloading device comprises a plurality of auxiliary unloading units which have the same structure as the lifting rolling device 55 in the fourth implementation mode, the auxiliary unloading units are arranged at the edge of the loading and unloading station side by side, and the first roller table 541 of the underground rotating device 54 is in butt joint with the first transfer roller table of the set auxiliary unloading unit in the middle position. When the logistics transportation vehicle stops, the first transfer roller way of one auxiliary unloading unit is in butt joint with the roller way of automatic loading and unloading of the logistics transportation vehicle, but the auxiliary unloading unit is not in butt joint with the first roller way 541 of the underground rotating device, the cargo container is transferred to the set auxiliary unloading unit through the second transfer roller way of the auxiliary unloading unit, then the first transfer roller way is lifted, and the cargo container is transferred to the first roller way 541 of the underground rotating device 54 through the first transfer roller way to start a normal transfer process. In this way, the parking assist discharging device can adjust the cargo container delivered from the logistics transport vehicle to a position corresponding to the first roller 541 of the subsurface rotating device 54 when the position of the logistics transport vehicle stop station is not the set position.
Example 8
The piping lane transportation system provided in this embodiment includes, in addition to the constituent elements provided in the previous embodiment, further includes: the power supply system provides electric energy for all power utilization components of the logistics transportation vehicle and the switching system, wherein the electric energy is introduced into a power supply from a power grid, is processed and distributed through a substation, and is introduced into all power utilization units of the piping lane intelligent transportation system through a specific power supply mode. The power supply mode for the logistics transport vehicle can be realized in the following various modes: third rail power supply, overhead line power supply, electromagnetic induction power supply, trolley line power supply or energy storage power supply of various mediums. The power supply mode and the installation mode are selected according to the specific environment.
The third rail power supply means: the logistics transport vehicle is contacted with the electrified rail laid along the line through the current collector to obtain electricity, and provides electric energy for the logistics transport vehicle. The third rail is powered, and the electrified rail can be placed at two sides of the line to flow back through the shape-moving rail; the device can also be arranged in the middle of the circuit and can flow back through a shape-moving rail; a separate return rail may also be provided to return current to the substation. The third rail may be powered by the current collector from the upper part of the charged rail, from the side part of the charged rail, or from the bottom part of the charged rail. The current collector may be disposed on a side surface, a bottom surface, or an upper surface of the vehicle, and may be a pantograph or a collector shoe. The pipeline that this application provided before is interior to set up and receives the flow rail, to the current collector transmission electric energy of commodity circulation transport vechicle to what supply commodity circulation transport vechicle operation is a third rail power supply mode.
The power supply of the contact net means that: the transport vehicle takes electricity from an overhead contact net through the current collector to provide electric energy for the vehicle, and the power supply of the contact net can be flexible contact net power supply or rigid contact net power supply. The contact net may be arranged on the upper side of the vehicle or on the side of the vehicle. The current collector may be a pantograph or a collector shoe. The current collector can receive current from the lower side of the contact net or from the side of the contact net.
Electromagnetic induction power supply means: a primary loop is arranged on a vehicle travelling line and is connected with a high-frequency alternating current power supply, and when the vehicle runs on the line, a secondary coil arranged on the vehicle can generate alternating current due to the electromagnetic induction principle, and the alternating current is processed to supply power for a transportation vehicle. The primary coil for electromagnetic induction power supply can be arranged on the walking surface, can be arranged on the side surface of the transport vehicle, and can be arranged on the upper part of the running vehicle. The secondary coil may be provided at the bottom of the vehicle, may be provided at the side of the vehicle, or may be provided at the top of the vehicle, depending on the layout of the vehicle.
The power supply principle of the sliding contact wire is basically consistent with that of the contact rail, and the transport vehicle is powered by the electrified metal wire through the current collector to supply electric energy to the vehicle. The trolley line may be disposed at an upper portion of the vehicle, or at a side of the vehicle, or at a lower portion of the vehicle. Correspondingly, the current collector may be arranged on the top, side, bottom of the vehicle.
The energy storage type power supply means: the transport vehicle provides electric energy for the vehicle through energy storage equipment such as a self-contained storage battery, a super capacitor and the like. The energy storage equipment in the energy storage and power supply can be a super capacitor group, various chemical storage battery groups and energy storage equipment formed by mutually combining various energy storage mediums. The charging equipment for energy storage and power supply can be contact type charging equipment, the contact type can be third rail contact charging, and the contact type can be sliding contact line contact charging; the charging equipment powered by energy storage can also be wireless charging equipment, and the charging mode can be electromagnetic induction power supply.
Example 9
The piping lane transportation system provided in this embodiment includes, in addition to the constituent elements provided in the previous embodiment, further includes: the processor is connected with a driving device of a bogie of the logistics transport vehicle, and unmanned automatic driving of the logistics transport vehicle is realized by controlling the starting or stopping of the driving device. The processor is connected with a traction motor of an opening and closing mechanism of a vehicle body of the logistics transport vehicle, the traction motor is controlled to rotate forward or backward to enable an upper sliding door of the vehicle body to be opened or closed, meanwhile, the processor is connected with a roller motor of an automatic loading and unloading platform of the vehicle body of the logistics transport vehicle, and goods trays are moved into or out of the vehicle body by controlling forward or backward rotation of the roller motor, so that after the logistics transport vehicle arrives at a station, the goods trays in the vehicle body complete automatic loading and unloading work. The processor is connected with each driving part of the underground rotating device, the lifting device and the overground rotating device in the switching system so as to control the underground rotating device, the lifting device and the overground rotating device to automatically carry out cargo pallet loading and unloading operation. The specific process of automatically discharging the cargo pallet from the vehicle body to enter the station is as follows: the processor is connected with a first driving part of the underground rotating device, a lifting driving part of the lifting device and a third driving part of the ground rotating device for driving the third roller way to convey. After the logistics transport vehicle arrives at a station, the processor controls the upper sliding door to be opened, the cargo pallet automatically moves out of the automatic loading and unloading platform to the first roller way of the underground rotating device, the processor controls the first driving part to work, the cargo pallet is conveyed to the lifting device along the first roller way, after that, the processor controls the lifting driving part to work, the supporting conveying table carrying the cargo pallet is driven to ascend along the sliding guide rail, and after reaching the height corresponding to the ground rotating device, the processor controls the third driving part to work, and the cargo pallet is conveyed to the unloading warehouse along the third roller way. The specific process of automatically exiting the pallet into the body is opposite to the above-described process.
While the foregoing is directed to embodiments of the present invention, other and further details of the invention may be had by the present invention, it should be understood that the foregoing description is merely illustrative of the present invention and that no limitations are intended to the scope of the invention, except insofar as modifications, equivalents, improvements or modifications are within the spirit and principles of the invention.

Claims (7)

1. A bogie for carrying a body of a transport vehicle, comprising:
a framework, the middle part of which is provided with a pin hole;
the traction center pin is penetrated in the pin hole, and the top of the traction center pin is fixedly connected with a vehicle body underframe of the transport vehicle;
the traction spherical hinge is sleeved on the traction center pin and is positioned in the pin hole;
the carrier spring is fixed on the framework, and a chassis of the carrier vehicle body is pressed on the carrier spring;
the top of the traction center pin extends outwards to form a round fixed platform;
the fixed platform is fixedly connected with the vehicle body underframe through a plurality of fasteners uniformly distributed along the circumferential direction of the fixed platform;
the traction spherical hinge is a rubber spherical hinge;
the upper end face of the traction spherical hinge is level with the top face of the framework, and the lower end face of the traction spherical hinge is level with the bottom face of the framework;
The traction center pin is provided with a stop, and the traction spherical hinge is provided with a stop groove corresponding to the stop;
the bogie is provided with two bearing springs which are fixed on two sides of the middle part of the framework;
the load spring includes: the spring, fix in the first connecting plate at the top of the said spring and fix in the second connecting plate at the bottom of the said spring;
the top surface of the first connecting plate is provided with at least one convex navel; the vehicle body underframe is provided with a groove corresponding to the convex navel;
the second connecting plate is fixedly connected with the framework through a fastener.
2. The bogie as recited in claim 1, further comprising:
the driving device is arranged below the framework;
the wheels are connected with the output end of the driving device;
and the braking device is used for braking the wheels.
3. The bogie as claimed in claim 2, wherein,
the driving device is fixedly connected with the framework through a fastener,
a rubber pad is arranged between the driving device and the framework;
the wheel is any one of an inflatable rubber wheel, a solid rubber wheel or a steel wheel.
4. The bogie as claimed in claim 2, wherein,
The driving device includes: the double output motor and connect two gear boxes of the output of double output motor, wherein:
the two gearboxes respectively drive the front end and the rear end of the vehicle through the axles to rotate.
5. The bogie as recited in claim 1, further comprising:
at least two guide wheel sets, wherein two guide wheel sets are respectively arranged on two cross beams of the framework; each guide wheel group comprises two guide wheels which are symmetrically arranged relative to the central axis of the framework;
the two guide wheels are arranged at the two ends or the middle of the framework cross beam.
6. A logistics transportation vehicle comprising a vehicle body, further comprising a bogie as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5, said vehicle body being secured to a frame of said bogie.
7. The logistics transport vehicle of claim 6, wherein said logistics transport vehicle is in particular a logistics transport vehicle for transporting goods in an underground pipeline.
CN201711166960.5A 2017-11-21 2017-11-21 Bogie and commodity circulation transport vechicle Active CN107697087B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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