CN116495501A - Train container unloading system and unloading method - Google Patents

Train container unloading system and unloading method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN116495501A
CN116495501A CN202310442174.2A CN202310442174A CN116495501A CN 116495501 A CN116495501 A CN 116495501A CN 202310442174 A CN202310442174 A CN 202310442174A CN 116495501 A CN116495501 A CN 116495501A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
traction
train
container
lifting
unloading system
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202310442174.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
冯高
唐军
张占功
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hunan Shengshitong Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Hunan Shengshitong Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hunan Shengshitong Technology Co ltd filed Critical Hunan Shengshitong Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202310442174.2A priority Critical patent/CN116495501A/en
Publication of CN116495501A publication Critical patent/CN116495501A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G65/00Loading or unloading
    • B65G65/23Devices for tilting and emptying of containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G67/00Loading or unloading vehicles
    • B65G67/02Loading or unloading land vehicles
    • B65G67/24Unloading land vehicles
    • B65G67/32Unloading land vehicles using fixed tipping installations
    • B65G67/46Apparatus for lifting and tilting

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Aviation & Aerospace Engineering (AREA)
  • Warehouses Or Storage Devices (AREA)
  • Loading Or Unloading Of Vehicles (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a train container unloading system and an unloading method, comprising a traction device for traction of a train carriage to move; the overturning device is used for hanging and overturning the container; a transfer platform for the traction device and the train to travel; when the traction device drives the railway carriage to walk to a first position, the overturning device is used for hanging and overturning the container on the railway carriage; when the traction device drives the train carriage to walk to the second position, the traction device and the train carriage can move on the transfer platform according to a displacement direction different from the previous displacement direction. Through setting up turning device to the container hoist and overturn, can adapt to the container of various motorcycle types transportation and unload. Meanwhile, the material conveying can be directly carried out from the ground surface, so that the workload of civil engineering construction below the ground during equipment installation is greatly reduced, and the total manufacturing cost and the construction difficulty of the equipment are reduced.

Description

Train container unloading system and unloading method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of train loading and unloading equipment, in particular to a train container unloading system and a train container unloading method.
Background
The running of the container transportation industry in China has good development situation at present, and along with the rapid development of the container transportation market in China, the application and research of the related upstream and downstream industrial production technology are the focus of attention of enterprises in the industry.
The container transportation refers to a novel, efficient and high-benefit transportation mode which uses a large container, such as a container, as a carrier and assembles goods into a container unit so as to load, unload and transport the goods and complete transportation tasks by using large loading and unloading machinery and large carrying vehicles in the modern circulation field.
In the traditional container transportation loading and unloading system, the traction and the migration of the railway carriage are completed through the cooperation of the heavy vehicle traction machine, the empty vehicle traction machine and the transfer platform at the two sides of the transfer pit, so that the equipment parking place is required to be large, and the maintenance cost is high. The conventional container lifting device used at present is adopted for unloading the containers, so that only a single lifting or overturning function is usually provided, and meanwhile, the containers which are densely stacked cannot be lifted and overturned, so that the operation efficiency is low.
The traditional operation mode is to the hauling of heavy vehicle, empty vehicle all need pass through couple, unhooking's process, causes the waste of time. And the traction equipment occupies the space in the width direction of the train track, so that the arrangement field is not regular enough, and the land utilization rate is greatly influenced. The present invention contemplates a new design that allows the entire workflow to be formed into a system that comprehensively addresses the above-described issues.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a train container unloading system and an unloading method, which are used for solving the problems in the background technology.
The specific technical scheme of the invention is as follows: a train container unloading system and unloading method, including, a traction device for traction train carriage to move; the overturning device is used for hanging and overturning the container; a transfer platform for the traction device and the train to travel; when the traction device drives the railway carriage to walk to a first position, the overturning device is used for hanging and overturning the container on the railway carriage; when the traction device drives the train carriage to walk to the second position, the traction device and the train carriage can move on the transfer platform according to a displacement direction different from the previous displacement direction.
According to the technical scheme, the operation links of traction of the railway carriage, lifting and overturning of the container, pushing of the empty car and the like are all designed into an integrated solution, so that the working efficiency is improved, the energy is saved, and meanwhile, the standard and the concept of the integrated solution can be widely popularized.
Further, the turning device includes: a fixed frame; the middle turnover frame is arranged below the fixed frame and used for driving the container to turn over; the lifting appliance is arranged below the middle overturning frame and used for grabbing and lifting the container; the middle roll-over stand is connected with the lifting appliance through a lifting device; a turnover structure is arranged at the joint of the fixed frame and the middle turnover frame; the turning structure may turn the intermediate roll-over stand with respect to the fixed frame.
Further, the middle roll-over stand is connected with the fixed frame in a shaft connection mode; the intermediate roll-over stand is turned over relative to the fixed frame along an axis formed by the connecting shafts of the two.
Further, the lifting device comprises: pulley block and transmission structure.
Further, the upper ends of the lifting devices are oppositely arranged on the inner side walls of the middle roll-over stand vertical beams; the lower ends of the lifting devices are oppositely arranged on the inner side walls of the beams of the lifting appliance; the lifting device can extend or shorten the transmission structure when being acted by external force, so that the lifting appliance can lift and move relative to the middle roll-over stand.
Still further, the turning device is a gear driving mechanism, and the middle turning frame is driven to turn through at least one pair of gears meshed with each other.
Further, the whole lifting appliance is of a rectangular structure; a lock head device for grabbing the container is arranged below the lifting appliance.
Further, the overturning structure is composed of at least one of the following driving mechanisms: sprocket chain driving, oil cylinder pushing, motor driving and speed reducer driving.
Further, the transfer platform comprises a bearing device; the displacement device is arranged below the bottom of the bearing device; the train carriage can carry out displacement in at least two directions through the traction and displacement movement of the traction device and the displacement device.
Further, the bearing device is used for bearing the weight of the railway carriage; the traction device is used for traction of the railway carriage to displace along the length direction of the railway steel rail, and the displacement device drives the bearing device to displace correspondingly through displacement along the width direction of the iron.
Further, the bearing device consists of two steel rails which are oppositely arranged; the traction device is arranged on the inner sides of two steel rails of the bearing device, and the traction device can move along the length direction of the steel rails.
Furthermore, the traction device is also provided with a traction arm structure in a movable connection mode, and the traction arm structure can be lowered and contracted to the inner side space of the bearing device, so that when the train is not pulled by the traction device, the train passes over the bearing device without being blocked by the traction arm structure.
Further, the traction device comprises a main beam structure for bearing the whole weight of the traction device; the main beam structure is also provided with a driving device for driving the traction device to walk; the driving device is connected with a gear motor arranged on the main beam structure, and the main beam structure is also provided with a wheel device.
Further, one end of the traction arm structure is hinged to a hinged seat on the main beam structure, and the other end of the traction arm structure is provided with a traction hook assembly for hooking a train.
The pitching mechanism is used for providing the traction arm structure to rotationally lift; the traction arm structure rotates around the hinge seat by a set angle under the action of the pitching mechanism.
The invention also provides a train container unloading method, which specifically comprises the following steps:
pulling a railway car loaded with containers to a first location;
lifting the container, and then overturning and unloading;
placing the unloaded container back on the railway carriage;
pulling the railway car to a second location;
the railway car undergoes a lateral displacement approximately perpendicular to the previous direction of travel.
The invention has the technical effects and advantages that:
(1) Through setting up turning device to the container hoist and overturn, can adapt to the container of various motorcycle types transportation and unload.
(2) By adopting an upward lifting unloading mode, compared with the prior underground unloading mode, the material flow vertical height upper transfer distance is greatly reduced during secondary transfer, and the energy consumption is reduced. Meanwhile, the material conveying can be directly carried out from the ground surface, so that the workload of civil engineering construction below the ground during equipment installation is greatly reduced, and the total manufacturing cost and the construction difficulty of the equipment are reduced;
(3) The invention combines the traditional empty car hauling machine, the heavy car hauling machine and the transfer platform into one, thereby forming a whole set of system. Saving a large amount of installation space and improving the utilization rate of equipment.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the installation structure of the turnover device of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the turning device of the present invention when in idle load;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the turning device of the present invention when lifting a container;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the turnover device according to the present invention in a turnover state;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a transfer platform according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of a cross-sectional structure of a transfer platform according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the retracting mechanism of the vehicle traction device of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of the operation of the traction device of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a top view of the truck-pulling device of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the main beam structure of the traction device of the present invention;
fig. 12 is a schematic diagram of a tractor operation layout according to the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic diagram of the steps of the unloading method of the present invention;
the drawings illustrate: 60. a traction device; 70. a turnover device; 80. a transfer platform; 701. a fixed frame; 702. a lifting device; 703. a turnover structure; 704. a middle roll-over stand; 7015. a lifting appliance; 706. a side support bar; 7115. a transmission structure; 7010. a lock head device; 7105. a rectangular frame; 7405. a sidewall beam; 1000. a collection transfer system; 70408. a protrusion; 7206. pulley block; 80101. a transfer platform foundation frame; 801. a load bearing device; 802. a displacement device; 804. a traction arm structure; 601. a main beam structure; 603. a driving device; 604. a wheel device; 605. a pitch mechanism; 60501. a hydraulic cylinder; 60108. a hinge base; 608. a power device; 616. a first draft gear assembly; 619. a second draft gear assembly; 60205. a rotation shaft; 60306. a gear; 60408. a rack; 6011. a guide wheel; 80303. a loading and unloading station; 80308. and (5) returning the vehicle rail.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present invention will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the invention without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be understood that the terms "center," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," etc. are merely for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the apparatus or element in question must have a specific orientation, be configured and operated in a specific orientation, and thus should not be construed as limiting the invention, but rather that the terms "mounted," "configured," "connected," "fixed," "screwed," etc. should be construed broadly, and may be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed, for example; can be mechanically or electrically connected; either directly or indirectly through intermediaries, or in communication with each other or in interaction with each other, unless explicitly defined otherwise, the meaning of the terms described above in this application will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art in view of the specific circumstances.
The present invention provides a train container unloading system as shown in fig. 1 to 13, comprising a traction device 60 for pulling a train car to move; a turning device 70 for hanging and turning the container; a transfer platform 80 for the traction device and the train to travel; when the traction device 60 drives the railway carriage to walk to the first position, the overturning device 70 is used for hanging and overturning the container on the railway carriage; when the traction device 70 drives the railway carriage to walk to the second position, the traction device 70 and the railway carriage can be displaced on the transfer platform 80 according to the displacement direction different from the previous displacement direction.
In the invention, the traditional operation flows of heavy truck traction, empty truck traction, container lifting, container unloading, empty truck pushing and the like are collected in one system, so that the operation flows can be completed in a concentrated area, the overall efficiency is improved, and the site space is saved.
As shown in fig. 2, a schematic installation structure of the turnover device 70 is shown, the periphery of the turnover device is formed like a portal frame by adopting a steel structure, the turnover device 70 is integrally installed on a portal frame beam through a fixing frame 701 above, and devices such as a motor driving mode, a gear driving mode, an oil cylinder driving mode and the like for enabling the integral turnover device 70 to move transversely are arranged on the beam. The lateral movement of the flipping unit 70 is to traverse over the corresponding material collection and transfer system 1000 after the container is lifted, and then perform the unloading operation.
As shown in fig. 3 to 5, the fixed frame 701 is composed of a beam and a longitudinal beam which are oppositely arranged, the whole is in a cuboid-like structure, and the upper end of the longitudinal beam is connected with a rectangular frame 7105 composed of the beam. The fixing frame 701 may be manufactured by casting or welding. The middle turnover frame 704 is arranged below the fixed frame 701 and used for driving the container to turn over; the top of the middle roll-over stand 704 is formed by connecting two side wall beams 7405 by two cross beams, the side wall beams 7405 are approximately of an inverted U-shaped structure, four downward beam end positions of the two inverted U-shaped side wall beams 7405 are connected with a rectangular-like frame, and four short beams are arranged below four corner positions of the rectangular frame; a spreader 7015 disposed below the intermediate roll-over stand 704 for gripping and lifting a container; the lifting appliance 7015 is of a similar rectangular structure formed by beams, the four corner positions are provided with upward protrusions 70408, the protrusions 70408 are used for firstly contacting the top of the middle roll-over stand when the lifting appliance 7015 is gradually closed to the middle roll-over stand 704 in the tightening process of the lifting device 702, the limiting effect is achieved, and meanwhile, the lifting appliance 7015 can be prevented from being in direct contact with the middle roll-over stand 704, so that deformation of the lifting appliance 7015 is reduced. The middle roll-over stand 704 is connected with the lifting appliance 7015 through a lifting device 702; one end of the lifting device 702 is fixed on the inverted U-shaped side wall beam 7405 of the middle roll-over frame 704, the other end of the lifting device 702 is connected with the inner side wall of the upper beam of the lifting appliance 7015, and the lifting device 702 transmits power provided by the power device to the lifting appliance 7015 through the transmission mechanism 7115, so that the lifting appliance 7015 is driven to move up and down relative to the middle roll-over frame 704. The connection part of the fixed frame 701 and the middle roll-over frame 704 is provided with a roll-over structure 703, and the roll-over structure 703 can enable the middle roll-over frame 704 to roll over relative to the fixed frame 701. The middle roll-over stand 704 is connected with the fixed frame 701 in a shaft connection manner. Fig. 3 shows that the beam body of the intermediate roll-over stand 704 is provided with a protruding shaft to be matched with a through hole provided at the lower end of the fixed frame 701, and as another embodiment, the beam body of the intermediate roll-over stand 704 may be provided with a through hole to be matched with a protruding shaft provided at the lower end of the fixed frame 701, so that the intermediate roll-over stand 704 may be turned over relative to the fixed frame 701. The middle roll-over stand 704 is turned over relative to the fixed frame 701 along an axis formed by the connecting shafts of the two, and a virtual straight line formed by connecting the positions of the two short shaft centers of the middle roll-over stand 704 is a turning axis of the middle roll-over stand 704 turned over relative to the fixed frame 701, and the turning direction can be turned over towards two sides. The overturning structure 703 at least can enable the middle overturning frame 704 to overturn to a first position and a second position relative to the fixed frame 701, wherein the overturning angle of the first position is 0 degrees when the middle overturning frame 704 does not overturn relative to the fixed frame 701, and the lifting device 702 can work at the moment; the second position, when the intermediate roll-over stand 704 is turned relative to the fixed frame 701 to create a roll-over angle, is used for dumping and unloading of the cargo. The intermediate roll-over stand 704 may be provided in a variety of different frame forms that function primarily to provide structural force to secure the container and connect the spreader 7015 when rolled over, the lifting device 702 comprising: pulley block 7206 and transmission 7115. The illustrated embodiment of the drive structure 7115 is a wire rope that is used with pulley sets 7206. This is a way of implementing the embodiment of the present invention, the lifting device 702 may be directly driven by a wire rope or a chain, or directly driven by an oil cylinder or the like, and the lifting device 702 mainly has the function of lifting the lifting appliance 7015 relative to the intermediate roll-over stand 704 through the action of external force, and other ways may achieve this effect, which may also be implemented as an embodiment of the present invention. The upper ends of the lifting devices 702 are oppositely arranged on the inner side walls of the vertical beams of the middle roll-over frame 704, in the embodiment of the invention, the lifting devices 702 are composed of four groups of pulley blocks 7206 and a transmission structure 7115 which are oppositely arranged, and the transmission mechanism 7115 which is actually used is a steel wire rope. The lower ends of the lifting devices 702 are oppositely arranged on the beam inner side walls of the lifting appliance 7015; the lifting device 702 can extend or shorten the transmission structure 7115 when the lifting device 702 is acted by an external force, so that when the lifting device 7015 moves up and down relative to the middle roll-over frame 704, the lifting device 702 drives the lifting device 7015 to lift by adjusting the length of the transmission structure 7115, and when the protrusion 70408 part of the lifting device 7015 contacts with the middle roll-over frame 704, the lifting is stopped. The overturning structure 703 is a gear driving mechanism, and by arranging oppositely meshed gears on the middle overturning frame 704 and the fixed frame 701, the relative overturning between the two can be realized through the transmission of the gears. The intermediate roll-over stand 704 is turned over by at least one pair of gears engaged with each other, which is a gear engagement method according to an embodiment of the present invention, and may be configured as a multi-stage gear engagement. The whole rectangular structure of hoist 7015, wholly be made by the section bar, hoist 7015 below is provided with the tapered end device 7010 that is used for grabbing the container. The lifting appliance 7015 is used for grabbing and unloading the container through the lock device 7010, and lifting and lowering are performed through the acting force of the lifting device 702 when the container is grabbed, so that the container is driven to enter the middle roll-over stand 704. The overturning structure 703 is composed of at least one of the following driving mechanisms: gear combination driving, chain wheel and chain driving, oil cylinder pushing, motor driving and speed reducer driving. The embodiment of the invention shows the technical scheme that the gear combination of the overturning structure 703 can achieve the overturning effect in other modes, and the technical scheme can also be used as the embodiment of the invention. The middle roll-over frame 704 is provided with at least one group of container side support rods 706 which are movably connected and provide support force for the container side beams, and the container side support rods 706 provide support force for the container side beams when the middle roll-over frame 704 is turned over. The side support rods 706 are used for prolonging the force arm of the acting force of the middle roll-over frame 704 on the container when the middle roll-over frame 704 rolls over, so that the risk of uneven deformation of the container body under the force of the container is reduced, and meanwhile, the side support rods 706 do not act on the container when the middle roll-over frame 704 does not roll over, so that the lifting appliance 7015 is not affected when the container is grabbed to perform lifting motion.
As shown in fig. 3, when lifting a container, the lifting device 702 starts to shorten the transmission structure 7115 by the acting force of the power device, since the upper and lower ends of the lifting device 702 are respectively connected to the intermediate roll-over frame 704 and the lifting tool 7015, at this time, as the transmission structure 7115 is shortened, the lifting tool 7015 for gripping the container by the locking device 7010 is also lifted relative to the intermediate roll-over frame 704 as the transmission structure 7115 is shortened, and when the upper end protrusion 70408 of the lifting tool 7015 contacts the top inner wall of the intermediate roll-over frame 704, the lifting device 702 stops to shrink, and the lifting process of the container is completed.
As shown in fig. 5, after lifting the container, the overturning structure 703 is started, the middle overturning frame 704 is integrally overturned along a virtual axis formed by the fixed frame 701 and the connecting shaft of the middle overturning frame 704 through the internal gear engagement transmission, the lifting appliance 7015 receives the traction force of the transmission structure 7115, the top bulge 70408 is tightly attached to the top inner wall of the middle overturning frame 704, the side support rods 706 provide supporting force for the side beams of the container when the middle overturning frame 704 overturns, the condition that the container is unevenly overturned by the middle overturning frame 704 is relieved, and the overturning of the middle overturning frame 704 drives the container to overturn, so that the dumping of goods is completed.
According to the invention, the container lifting device 702 and the overturning structure 703 are integrated into one set of device, when the power mechanism is connected, the overturning structure 703 and the lifting device 702 can do work through power transmission, so that the lifting and overturning operation of the container is completed, and meanwhile, the whole overturning discharging device provided by the invention can be connected to a plurality of scenes with other designs for use, and the application range is wide.
As shown in fig. 6 to 7, the transfer platform 80 of the present invention specifically includes a load-bearing device 801. The integral transfer platform 80 is disposed on a transfer platform base frame 80101, one end of the integral transfer platform is connected to a rail of a loading and unloading station of a railway carriage, and the railway carriage can directly move from the loading and unloading station to the bearing device 801 under the action of external force. The displacement device 802 is arranged below the bearing device 801, and the displacement device 802 mainly drives the bearing device 801 to displace in the width direction of the train carriage through a displacement structure of the displacement device when the train is parked on the bearing device 801, so that the train is driven to displace synchronously, and the displacement device 802 does not drive the train to displace in the length direction of the train.
As shown in fig. 8 to 11, the traction device 60 provided by the present invention includes a main beam structure 601; a trailing arm structure 804 that transmits traction to the railway car is provided on the main beam structure 601; the driving device 603 is used for driving the tractor to walk; a power unit 608 for powering the driving unit 603; the power means 608 enables displacement of the lead device 601 in at least two directions relative to the train track by transmitting power to the drive means 603. The main beam structure 601 is approximately designed into a rectangular steel structure frame body, the lower end of the main beam structure is in contact with the rail to transfer gravity, and the upper part of the main beam structure is used as a carrier for other structural component arrangement. The driving device 603 is mainly used for transmitting the power of the power device 608, decelerating and boosting the power and changing the acting direction of the power. The power unit 608 is connected to the driving unit 603 to provide continuous power. At the output of the power device 608, the truck 60 may be advanced or retracted in the track direction, thereby moving the car.
One end of the traction arm structure 804 is hinged on a hinge seat 60108 on the main beam structure 601, and the other end of the traction arm structure is provided with a first traction hook assembly 616 for hooking a train; the main beam structure 601 may be provided with a hinge seat 60108 by welding, or may be connected by other movable manners, such as riveting or screw bolt fixing.
In the invention, one end of the traction arm structure can be connected with a telescopic arm, the other end of the telescopic arm is sleeved in the fixed arm body, the telescopic arm can move in a telescopic manner in the fixed arm body under different working environments, and the length of the whole traction arm structure 804 can be adjusted by adjusting the sleeve depth of the telescopic arm and the fixed arm body.
The hinge seat 60108 is provided with a hinge hole, and the traction arm structure 804 is hinged with the hinge seat 60108, and is fixed through a hinge pin after the hinge hole is designed at the end part of the traction arm structure 804 and is coupled with the hinge seat 60108. An important function of the draft arm structure 804 is to transmit power to thereby draft the railway car so it is provided with a first draft gear assembly 616 at the other end for hooking the train. As a more preferred design, the other end of the draft arm structure 804 of the present invention may also be connected to a second draft gear assembly 619. The two sets of traction hook components are arranged, construction requirements of different scenes can be flexibly met, the two traction hook components can independently carry out traction, and the traction hook components are provided with independent traction hook lifting systems and can be mutually standby.
The invention further comprises a pitching mechanism 805 for providing the traction arm structure 804 to rotationally lift; the arm-pulling structure 804 rotates around the hinge seat 60108 by a set angle under the action of the pitching mechanism 805. When one end of the arm structure 804 is hinged to the hinge seat 60108, the pitch mechanism 805 at the other end of the arm structure is powered to the arm structure 804 by the pitch mechanism 805, so that the arm structure 804 rotates around the hinge hole of the hinge seat 60108 as a center of a circle, and the rotation angle is set according to different working conditions (or the arm length of the pitch mechanism).
The invention further comprises a wheel device 604, wherein the wheel body part of the wheel device 604 is abutted against the rail, so that the traction device 60 is integrally abutted on the rail for displacement. The wheel device 604 is mainly responsible for the overall walking support and guidance of the traction device 60, so that the traction device 60 does not run off the track when the carriage is being towed. At the same time, the wheel assembly 604 is subjected to a reaction force at the track abutment, limiting the path of travel of the truck assembly 60 to coincide with the track arrangement.
The power unit 608 is composed of a gear motor provided on the main beam structure 601. As a more preferable solution, the gear motors may be arranged on the main beam structure 601 in groups. In the invention, a plurality of gear motors are arranged as a walking power device, and the gear motors can be used as alternative schemes of hydraulic motors and the like. As shown in fig. 10, the motors are symmetrically distributed on the main beam structure 601 in groups, the driving force generated during the traction can be uniformly distributed on the main beam structure 601, and the resultant force generated during the traction is uniformly transmitted to the traction arm structure 804, so that the overall stable running of the traction machine is ensured to be free from unbalanced load.
In the present invention, the driving device 603 includes a rotation shaft 60205 engaged with a motor transmission shaft of the power device 608; a gear 60306 disposed below the rotation shaft 60205; a rack structure 60408 fixedly disposed inside the main girder structure 601. The motor drive shaft is connected with the rotating shaft 60205 through a bevel gear, a gear 60306 is arranged below the rotating shaft 60205, and the motor drive shaft is meshed with the rack structure 60408 through the gear 60306. When the power device 608 drives the rotating shaft to rotate 60205, the gear 60306 below the power device rotates simultaneously, and the rack 60408 meshed with the gear 60306 is relatively fixed on the track, so that when the gear 60306 is meshed with the rack 60408, the whole traction device 60 realizes walking displacement relative to the rack 60408.
The pitching mechanism 605 in the invention is composed of a hydraulic cylinder 60501; the bottom of the hydraulic cylinder 60501 is movably connected to the main beam structure 601, and the telescopic end of the hydraulic cylinder is connected to the traction arm structure 804. In this design, when the traction arm structure 804 does not need traction operation, the traction arm structure 804 can be driven to approach the main beam structure 601 infinitely through the contraction of the hydraulic cylinder 60501. As another alternative, the trailing arm structure 804 may also be directly fixedly connected to the main beam structure 601, which is somewhat more demanding in terms of track space, but which also enables the trailing work flow.
In the invention, a guide wheel 6011 is also arranged at the lower part of the inner side of the main beam structure 601. In the driving process, the guide wheel 6011 can increase the sliding friction between the main beam structure 601 and the track, increase the rolling friction and ensure the stable driving of the tractor.
In the present invention, the pitching mechanism 605 is in a contracted state, and the traction device 60 can travel in a space formed by the carriage of the train to be towed and the main beam structure 601. The overall truck-towing device 60 is sized so that when the hydraulic ram of the pitching mechanism 605 is fully retracted, the overall height is less than the longitudinal height between the railway car and the track, so that the truck-towing device 60 can freely dive on the track below the railway car when the train is not towed. The specific design size can be designed according to the principle through different working conditions.
As an alternative to this part of the invention, the connection between the bogie arm structure 804 and the main beam structure 601 can also be designed in the form of a swing arm, or in the form of a parallelogram linkage, or in the form of a telescopic lift similar to a crane arm; in addition, the driving mode can be designed into a gear rack mode, a chain wheel mode, a wire rope mode and the like, and the specific design thought is consistent with the whole thought of the invention, and is not repeated here.
When the traction device is used, the gear motor of the power device 608 is started, the motor transmission shaft transmits power to the rotating shaft 60205 through the bevel gear, the rotating shaft 60205 drives the gear 60306 sleeved below the rotating shaft 60205 to rotate, the gear 60306 is meshed with the rack 60408, and the rack 60408 is fixedly arranged on the track, so that the rack 60408 provides reverse acting force for the gear 60306 to drive the whole traction device 60 to move. When the pitching mechanism 805 stretches and contracts to different degrees, the traction arm structure 804 is driven to perform rotary motion with the hinge hole of the hinge seat 60108 as the axis, so that the traction heights of different carriages are matched, and traction is performed. The traction arm structure 804 is designed to be a telescopic arm body, and can be used for traction of carriages at different positions.
After the material is unloaded from the train carriage, the train is hooked and dragged by the traction device 60 through the traction arm structure 804 with one end connected to the traction device 60, and the train can perform displacement in at least two directions through traction and displacement movements of the traction device 60 and the displacement device 802. In the whole traction table basic frame 80101, the invention is designed to concentrate the traction operation of the train and the lane change pushing of the empty train into an integral operation interval, draw the train through a traction arm structure 804 connected with the traction device 60, then draw the train from the track to the bearing device 801 along the length direction of the train, and then displace the bearing device 801 and the train integrally along the width direction of the train through a displacement device 802. The transfer platform 80 has compact structure, and the heavy truck tractor, the empty truck tractor and the transfer platform are integrated into a whole, so that the equipment is simplified; meanwhile, the heavy vehicle and empty vehicle traction machine is reduced, and the use of the land on two sides of the train track is reduced, so that the land utilization rate is higher; in addition, the traction device 60 is arranged on the transfer platform, so that traction equipment of heavy vehicles and empty vehicles does not need to be replaced, the hooking and unhooking processes of a primary train are reduced, the time is saved, and the production efficiency is improved; the traction device 60 always maintains traction on the train in the process of transversely moving the train, and can greatly improve the stability of the train moving process.
The load-bearing device 801 is used for bearing the weight of a train, the traction device 60 is connected with the train through the traction arm structure 804 to carry out displacement along the length direction of the train, and the displacement device 802 drives the load-bearing device 801 to carry out corresponding displacement through displacement along the width direction of the train. As described above, after the train is hooked by the arm structure 804, the arm structure 804 and the train are moved together onto the load bearing device 801 by the movement of the traction device 60 relative to the load bearing device 801, which is the first movement track direction of the train, which is along the length direction of the train. When the displacement device 802 drives the bearing device 801 to move and displace with the train, the displacement is performed along the width direction of the fire car.
The bearing device 801 consists of two oppositely arranged steel rails; the rail is connected with the rail of the loading and unloading station of the train in a matching way, the train can freely pass through the rail, and the rail can be directly extended to the lower part of the loading and unloading station as another implementation mode, so that the technical effect of the invention can be realized. The traction device 60 is arranged in a space formed inside two steel rails of the bearing device 801, and the traction device 60 can be displaced along the length direction of the train. The traction device 60 mainly pulls the train to move, and because the rail track of the bearing device 801 has a certain height, namely, the whole part of the traction device 60 is arranged in the space generated by the height, the traction device 60 can pass on the transfer platform without pulling the train, and the movement above the train is not influenced. Meanwhile, the train is convenient to be pulled to move along the track of the bearing device 801, and space is saved.
The traction arm structure 804 is a shunting arm structure, and the tail end of the shunting arm structure is provided with a traction hook for hooking a train. The arm structure 804 is mainly used for transmitting the force of the device 60 to the train, and the arm structure 804 has the function of hooking the train. In the embodiment of the invention, the traction arm structure 804 is designed as a shunting arm structure, and is specifically designed that the lower end of the shunting arm structure is hinged with the traction device 60, and the shunting arm structure can perform circular motion at a certain angle around a hinge hole so as to adapt to the hooking requirements of trains with different heights; the top end of the shunting arm is also provided with a through hole, and the shunting arm can be matched with and assembled with traction hook components with different sizes so as to ensure the hooking of trains under different operation requirements.
In the present invention, the displacement device 802 is a traversing carriage, and the traversing carriage is displaced in the railway width direction. The displacement device 802 can drive the traversing carriage to move through an external power system, the end structural member of the traversing carriage is provided with a basic plane and is used for bearing the weight of the bearing device 801 and the weight of the train, a groove is arranged in the middle of the structural member so as to facilitate the passing of the traction device 60, rollers are arranged at the bottom of the structural member, and the rollers can cooperate with different rails to move.
The traction arm structure 804 is movably connected to the traction device 60; the trailing arm structure 804 can be lowered to retract into the space inside the load bearing apparatus 801 so as not to interfere with the passage of trains over the load bearing apparatus 801 when the trains are not being pulled. The arm structure 804 may also be fixedly connected to the traction device 60, which is limited by the rotation angle of the shunting arm, so as to be limited to hooking a train with a certain fixed size. When the traction arm structure 804 is movably connected to the traction device 60, the traction device 60 is connected in a hinged manner, wherein the traction device 60 is provided with a hinge hole matched with the shunting arm for use.
The connection mode of the shunting arm structure and the traction device 60 is composed of at least one of the following connection modes: swing arm form, parallelogram linkage form, telescopic lift form of crane boom. The primary function of the shunting arm is to transfer forces so that the traction device 60 may pull the train for movement.
When the pitch mechanism 805 is fully extended, the arm structure 804 has a height higher than the load carrier 801, and can stay at an arbitrary position with respect to the transfer table 80 by the movement of the arm 60. The traversing carriage is positioned right below the steel rail of the bearing device 801 and bears the gravity thereof. The steel rail is designed to be parallel to two tracks, is connected with the train tracks in a matched manner, and can move in the width direction of the train through the track design adapted to the transverse trolley arranged below the transverse trolley.
As shown in fig. 12, the moving operation flow after the loading and unloading of the technical scheme of the invention is that when the loading and unloading of the railway carriage are completed, the train carriage is at the loading and unloading station 80303, at this time, the traction device 60 on the base frame 80101 of the moving platform moves to the vicinity of the loading and unloading station 80303, the train is hooked by the traction hook at the top end of the shunting arm, and the power unit 60505 is started simultaneously, so that the traction device 60 moves towards the direction away from the loading and unloading station 80303, and the train is driven to move onto the bearing device 801 by the shunting arm. Then, the traction device 60 pulls the train to stop at a corresponding position, an external power structure of the displacement device 802 is started, the bearing device 801 and the train are driven to move in the width direction of the train, when the train moves to the return track 80308, the shunting arm is unhooked from the train, and the train is pushed to the return track through other power devices; the structure of the traction device 60 can be improved, and when the traversing trolley drives the train to the return rail 80308, the traction device 60 has thrust for pushing the train to enter the return rail, so that the overall structural design can be simplified, and the working flow is reduced.
When the design layout is constructed on site, the set positions and the directions of all the components can be changed according to the conditions of specific construction sites, so that the design layout has the same overall design concept and flexible flexibility.
Fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of the traction operation layout of the present invention, and the structural principle thereof is described in detail above.
When the train carriage is in use, after the loading and unloading of the train carriage are completed, the train traction device on the transfer platform base frame 80101 is located at the loading and unloading station 80303, the train traction device is moved to the vicinity of the loading and unloading station 80303, the train is hooked by the traction hook at the top end of the shunting arm, and the power unit 60505 is started simultaneously, so that the traction device 60 moves towards the direction away from the loading and unloading station 80303, and the train is driven to move onto the bearing device 1 by the shunting arm. Then, the traction device 60 pulls the train to stop at the corresponding position, the external power structure of the displacement device 802 is started, the bearing device 801 and the train are driven to move in the width direction of the train, when the train moves to the return track 80308, the shunting arm is unhooked from the train, and the train is pushed to the return track through other power devices.
In summary, according to the principle design of the present invention, the loading and unloading system can be designed as a double-turning system, and simultaneously, loading and unloading operations are performed on two groups of railway carriages, the principle of which is consistent with the operation principle of the single-turning device, and one of the following processes is used as a description.
The whole operation process of the invention is as follows: when the system is used, a locomotive or other power devices push the whole coal car into the system, the coal car to be unloaded is pushed into the operation range of the traction car, the wheel body part of the car can be clamped by the wheel clamping device for double stabilization, and at the moment, the locomotive or other power devices are unhooked from the operation area. The shunting arm structure 804 on the traction device falls down, and is linked with the train carriage through the traction hook component and the train carriage, and the wheel clamping device is loosened. The traction device is used for traction the railway carriages to advance, and when a first carriage and a second carriage enter the lower part of the turnover device, a third carriage is braked when moving to the position close to the end ring of the turnover device, and the wheel clamping device clamps the wheels of the third carriage; manually unhooking a third railcar from a second railcar in front; the traction device 60 pulls the first and second railway carriages to continue to advance, brakes when the first and second railway carriages turn over to the loading and unloading station, and then unhooks; when the traction device leaves the loading and unloading station, the overturning device starts to hoist and overturn the container. The truck-pulling device is then returned to the vicinity of the loading and unloading compartment, and the above operation is repeated. The unloaded container is put back onto the railway carriage by the turnover device, the traction device moves on the transfer platform to draw the empty wagon to move to the empty wagon line, and after the alignment and the stabilization are carried out, the empty wagon is pushed to pass through the unidirectional stopper to be stopped on the empty wagon line; the displacement device takes the whole railway carriage to carry out transverse displacement, and waits for other locomotives or power devices to pull the empty car to leave. Repeating the operation until the whole train carriage is completely unloaded.
The invention also provides a train container unloading method, which comprises the following steps: pulling a railway car loaded with containers to a first location; lifting the container, and then overturning and unloading; placing the unloaded container back on the railway carriage; pulling the railway car to a second location; the railway car undergoes a lateral displacement approximately perpendicular to the previous direction of travel.
When the device is used, after the train carriage reaches a designated coal unloading place, the train carriage is pulled to the lower part of the overturning structure through the traction device, and at the moment, the container is hoisted. Then the overturning device moves the container to the position above the unloading area through transverse displacement; then the container is overturned and unloaded to a coal unloading hopper, a belt conveyor or other material conveying equipment; then the container is returned to the original position by moving the turnover device; then, the traction device is used for traction the unloaded railway carriage to the position above the traction transfer platform; the movement direction of the train carriage before being changed on the unloading line is transversely translated to an empty line; and then carrying out pushing and traction treatment on the train carriage on the empty train line.
Finally, it should be noted that: the foregoing description of the preferred embodiments of the present invention is not intended to be limiting, but rather, although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications may be made to the embodiments described, or equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements or changes may be made without departing from the spirit and principles of the present invention.

Claims (16)

1. A train container unloading system comprising a truck-pulling device (60) for pulling a train car for movement; a turning device (70) for lifting and turning the container; a transfer platform (80) for the traction device and the train to travel; the method is characterized in that: when the traction device (60) drives the railway carriage to walk to a first position, the overturning device (70) is used for hoisting and overturning the container on the railway carriage; when the traction device (70) drives the railway carriage to walk to the second position, the traction device (70) and the railway carriage can move on the transfer platform (80) according to a displacement direction different from the previous displacement direction.
2. A train container unloading system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the traction device (60) carries out displacement along the length direction of the train on the traction of the train carriage; the railway carriage is displaced in the width direction of the railway carriage under the combined action of the transfer platform (80) and the traction device (60).
3. A train container unloading system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the turning device (70) includes: a fixed frame (701); the middle turnover frame (704) is arranged below the fixed frame (701) and used for driving the container to turn over; a spreader (705) arranged below the intermediate roll-over stand (704) for gripping and lifting containers; the middle roll-over stand (704) is connected with the lifting appliance (705) through a lifting device (702); a turnover structure (703) is arranged at the joint of the fixed frame (701) and the middle turnover frame (704); the tilting structure (703) may tilt the intermediate tilting frame (704) relative to the fixed frame (701).
4. A train container unloading system according to claim 2, wherein: the middle roll-over stand (704) and the fixed frame (701) are connected in a shaft connection mode; the intermediate roll-over stand (704) is turned over relative to the fixed frame (701) along an axis formed by the connecting shafts of the two.
5. A train container unloading system according to claim 2, wherein the lifting device (702) comprises: pulley block and transmission structure (7015).
6. A train container unloading system according to claim 4, wherein the upper ends of the lifting devices (702) are arranged opposite to each other on the inner side walls of the vertical beams of the intermediate roll-over frame (704); the lower ends of the lifting devices (702) are oppositely arranged on the beam inner side walls of the lifting appliance (705); the lifting device (702) can extend or shorten the transmission structure (7015) when being acted by external force, so that the lifting appliance (705) can lift and move relative to the middle roll-over stand (704).
7. A train container unloading system according to claim 1, characterized in that the turning device (703) is a gear drive mechanism for turning the intermediate roll-over stand (704) by means of at least one pair of intermeshing gears.
8. A train container unloading system according to claim 1, wherein: the overturning structure (703) is composed of at least one of the following driving mechanisms: sprocket chain driving, oil cylinder pushing, motor driving and speed reducer driving.
9. A train container unloading system according to claims 1 to 8, wherein: the transfer platform (80) comprises a bearing device (801); a displacement device (802) arranged below the bottom of the bearing device (801); the railway carriage can be displaced in at least two directions by traction and displacement movement of the traction device (60) and the displacement device (802).
10. A train container unloading system according to claim 9, wherein: the bearing device (801) is used for bearing the weight of a railway carriage; the traction device (60) is used for traction of the railway carriage to carry out displacement along the length direction of the railway steel rail, and the displacement device (802) drives the bearing device (801) to carry out corresponding displacement through displacement along the width direction of the iron.
11. A train container unloading system according to claim 10, wherein: the bearing device (801) consists of two steel rails which are oppositely arranged; the traction device (60) is arranged on the inner sides of two steel rails of the bearing device (801), and the traction device (60) can move along the length direction of the steel rails.
12. A train container unloading system according to claim 10, wherein: the traction device (60) is further provided with a traction arm structure (804) in a movable connection mode, and the traction arm structure (804) can be lowered and contracted to the inner side space of the bearing device (801), so that when a train is not pulled by the traction device (60), the train passes over the bearing device (801) without being blocked by the traction arm structure (804).
13. A train container unloading system according to claims 1 to 8, said truck-pulling device (60) comprising a main girder structure (601) for bearing the overall weight of said truck-pulling device (60); the main beam structure (601) is also provided with a driving device (603) for driving the traction device (60) to walk; the driving device (603) is connected with a gear motor arranged on the main beam structure (601), and is characterized in that: a wheel device (604) is also arranged on the main beam structure.
14. A train container unloading system as claimed in claim 12, wherein: one end of the traction arm structure (804) is hinged to a hinge seat (60108) on the main beam structure (601), and the other end of the traction arm structure is provided with a traction hook assembly (616) for hooking a train.
15. A train container unloading system as claimed in claim 12, wherein: the device also comprises a pitching mechanism (805) for providing the traction arm structure (804) for rotary lifting; the traction arm structure (804) rotates around the hinge seat (60108) by a preset angle under the action of the pitching mechanism (805).
16. The unloading method of the train container is characterized by comprising the following steps of:
pulling a railway car loaded with containers to a first location;
lifting the container, and then overturning and unloading;
placing the unloaded container back on the railway carriage;
pulling the railway car to a second location;
the railway car undergoes a lateral displacement approximately perpendicular to the previous direction of travel.
CN202310442174.2A 2023-04-23 2023-04-23 Train container unloading system and unloading method Pending CN116495501A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202310442174.2A CN116495501A (en) 2023-04-23 2023-04-23 Train container unloading system and unloading method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202310442174.2A CN116495501A (en) 2023-04-23 2023-04-23 Train container unloading system and unloading method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN116495501A true CN116495501A (en) 2023-07-28

Family

ID=87316109

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202310442174.2A Pending CN116495501A (en) 2023-04-23 2023-04-23 Train container unloading system and unloading method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN116495501A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117923191A (en) * 2024-03-21 2024-04-26 沈阳奇辉机器人应用技术有限公司 Intelligent control method and system for unloading of car dumper based on unhooking robot

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117923191A (en) * 2024-03-21 2024-04-26 沈阳奇辉机器人应用技术有限公司 Intelligent control method and system for unloading of car dumper based on unhooking robot

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN110053933B (en) Electric power and free car group conveyor
CN102501900B (en) Frame assembly capable of moving loaded articles, method for using frame assembly and transportation tool
CN1187558A (en) Wagon for drawing off long-welded rails stored on transport wagons
CN116495501A (en) Train container unloading system and unloading method
CN208120108U (en) A kind of cargo adapting system
CN113200374A (en) Bulk material direct-unloading type car loader
CN111717225A (en) Single track crane pin tooth drive arrangement and hybrid drive single track hang
CN108466937B (en) Multifunctional container carrier
CN219384523U (en) Cross lifting beam for bilateral lifting of motor
CN219669586U (en) Train container unloading system
CN218706445U (en) Track anti-tipping safety structure and river channel garbage transferring and self-discharging device
CN106629500A (en) Carrier vehicle for cargo loading device
CN208120001U (en) A kind of underground pipeline transportation cargo adapting system
CN202283934U (en) Frame assembly capable of moving loaded goods and transport machine equipped with frame
CN215325185U (en) Full-automatic multi-functional commodity circulation delivery wagon
CN107237609B (en) riser catwalk
CN210192516U (en) Loading and unloading platform with transmission function configured on van
CN212605106U (en) Long steel rail transportation loading and unloading vehicle and transport vehicle group composed of same
CN106865449A (en) A kind of double half carriage mechanism lifting flat car for transportations
CN102502418A (en) Special equipment and method for turning container door
CN208377735U (en) A kind of horizontal impregnating autoclave feeding special-purpose vehicle
CN112193861A (en) Movable multifunctional loading and unloading machine
CN213502005U (en) Rotary dumper carriage
CN205326885U (en) Folding arm type container loading and unloading conveyer
CN112744701A (en) Fine adjustment and displacement system for trolley lifting appliance on crossing type shore bridge

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination