CN206305068U - Fruit sieves packaging device - Google Patents

Fruit sieves packaging device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206305068U
CN206305068U CN201621400100.4U CN201621400100U CN206305068U CN 206305068 U CN206305068 U CN 206305068U CN 201621400100 U CN201621400100 U CN 201621400100U CN 206305068 U CN206305068 U CN 206305068U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fruit
roller
platform
bar shaped
shaped groove
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201621400100.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王毅
周西福
胡友呈
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Chongqing University of Technology
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Chongqing University of Technology
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Priority to CN201621400100.4U priority Critical patent/CN206305068U/en
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Publication of CN206305068U publication Critical patent/CN206305068U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of fruit screening packaging device, including fruit delivery platform, roller mounting platform and fruit contain platform, it is spaced on roller mounting platform and is provided with multiple rollers, fruit screening hole is opened up on the side face of each roller, the diameter in the fruit screening hole on roller gradually increases along the orientation of multiple rollers, drum drive is additionally provided with roller mounting platform, fruit packing hole is offered on roller mounting platform below roller, fruit below fruit packing hole contains platform upper measurement and is provided with fruit enclosing I, fruit delivery platform offers the opening that can stretch out the top of roller, feed end positioned at multiple rollers is provided with feedboard.The fruit that the utility model passes through on the roller for setting gradually and roller sieves hole, diameter fruit from small to large is sieved, the fruit size for coming is screened out uniformly, artificial input can be reduced, cost of labor and manual working intensity are reduced, screening efficiency is improve.

Description

Fruit sieves packaging device
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of screening plant, and in particular to a kind of fruit sieves packaging device.
Background technology
In recent years, with China's rural reform of the economic structure deeply and market economy development, fruits output is big year by year Amplitude increases, and fruit industry occupies critical role in national economy.According to national statistics office data:China's fruit is total within 2014 Increase of production increases by 4.2% to 26142.24 ten thousand tons compared with same period last year;Apple total output is 4092.32 ten thousand tons, and yield increases on year-on-year basis Long 3.1%, account for the 15.65% of same period country's fruit total output;Citrus total output is 3492.66 ten thousand tons, and yield increases by 5.2% on a year-on-year basis, Account for the 13.36% of same period country's fruit total output;Pears yield is 1796.44 ten thousand tons, and yield increases by 3.8% on a year-on-year basis, accounts for the same period domestic The 6.87% of fruit total output.
With the increasingly raising of people's living standard, requirement to fruit also more and more higher, classification is also increasingly finer, will Fruit of different sizes is separated, and is typically manually classified at present, and one side cost of labor is higher, on the other hand the master of classification See difference also larger, cause the uneven of grade.Also have carries out sizing screening by machinery, but leakage choosing, falsely drop probability compared with Greatly, it is unfavorable for industrialized production.
Utility model content
For above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is:How a kind of energy is provided It is enough that screening packing is carried out to different size of fruit, cost of labor and manual working intensity are reduced, screening efficiency is improved, make fruit Size fruit screening packaging device evenly after screening.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the utility model employs following technical scheme:
A kind of fruit sieves packaging device, it is characterised in that:Including the fruit delivery platform, the rolling that set gradually from top to bottom Cylinder mounting platform and fruit contain platform, and also include to contain to fruit delivery platform, roller mounting platform and fruit simultaneously The supporting plate that assembling platform is supported, is spaced on roller mounting platform and is provided with multiple axis direction identical rollers, often Some equal sizes are offered on the side face of individual roller and the fruit that fruit passes through can be made to sieve hole, the fruit sieve on roller The diameter in point hole gradually increases along the orientation of multiple rollers, is fixedly connected with the roller mounting platform at roller two ends The rolling stand being connected is rotated with roller respectively, the roller that multiple rollers can be driven to rotate is additionally provided with roller mounting platform Drive device, offers the fruit packing hole that can pass through fruit, positioned at fruit on the roller mounting platform below roller Fruit below real packing hole contains platform upper measurement and is provided with fruit enclosing I, and the position of corresponding each roller of fruit delivery platform is equal The opening that can stretch out the top of roller is offered, hole is sieved on the bearing of trend of multiple roller arrangements and positioned at fruit One end of minor diameter is provided with feedboard, and feedboard is inclined away from one end of roller towards diagonal upward direction, and feedboard is near rolling One end of cylinder is fixedly connected with fruit delivery platform.
In the utility model, after fruit is taken off from fruit tree, be all placed on feedboard, fruit receive gravity and The influence of inclined feedboard, can roll towards roller direction.Start drum drive, all of roller is sieved towards fruit The maximum one end of point bore dia rotates, when fruit is when the position of first roller is rolled to, and the fruit screening on this roller The diameter in hole is minimum with respect to the diameter in the fruit screening hole on other rollers, and such as the diameter of fruits is equal to or less than this Fruit sieves the diameter in hole, then fruit just can sieve hole and enter into roller by fruit, then same in the bottom of roller Sample is sieved in the fruit enclosing I that hole is fallen on the fruit splendid attire platform of lower section by fruit.And with diameter greater than fruit on the first roller The fruit of real screening bore dia, then be stuck on fruit screening hole, is rotated with roller.In the process that fruit is rotated with roller In, influenceed by centrifugal force and gravity, the fruit meeting " getting rid of " on fruit screening hole is stuck in next roller, by next Fruit screening hole on roller is sieved to fruit again, and such as the diameter of fruits is still above fruit screening hole on roller Diameter, then then continue " being got rid of " to next roller not over fruit screening hole on the roller, fruit sequentially passes through diameter Gradually increased fruit screening hole, to the last sieves and completes.The fruit increased successively by setting diameter sieves hole to fruit Screening from small to large is carried out, manually the selecting one by one to fruit is no longer rely on, cost of labor and manual working is reduced Intensity, improves screening efficiency, and the fruit size for coming is screened out in addition uniformly, and screening effect is more preferable.
As optimization, the front end of the feedboard is provided with fruit quality detection means, fruit quality detection means Including fruit screening plant, fruit appearance detection means and the bar shaped groove being obliquely installed;
The height of bar shaped groove arrival end is fixedly connected useful higher than the height of the bar shaped groove port of export in the supporting plate In the bar shaped groove support platform of support bar shaped groove, two pieces are arranged at intervals with bar shaped groove and are able to hinder fruit The baffle plate of gear, is formed with the detection space for being detected to fruit, the bottom land and baffle plate of bar shaped groove between two pieces of baffle plates Corresponding position offers can make baffle plate pass through and reach the socket outside bar shaped groove, and the lower section of bar shaped groove sets respectively The Baffle drive device that baffle plate can be driven to be moved through socket and along bar shaped groove inward-outward direction is equipped with, on roller mounting platform It is fixedly connected with the Baffle drive device support column for supporting baffle drive device;
Fruit appearance detection means includes CCD camera filming apparatus, picture processor and control process device, and CCD camera is clapped Device is taken the photograph to be located at the top in detection space and can be pointed to detect that the fruit in space is taken pictures, it is fixed in bar shaped groove to connect It is connected to the camera tripod for being supported to CCD camera filming apparatus, signal output part and the figure of CCD camera filming apparatus The signal input part electrical connection of piece processor, signal output part and the signal input part of control process device of picture processor are electrically connected Connect;
Fruit screening plant includes that overall is in reverse V-shaped sieving plate, and being rotatably connected at the top of sieving plate can be towards sieve The cutting plate for being divided to two bevel directions of plate to rotate, the roller mounting platform is provided with the sieve being supported to sieving plate Divide plate support column, positioned at the cutting plate drive device that one end of cutting plate is provided with driving cutting plate to rotate, control process The signal output part of device is electrically connected with the signal input part of cutting plate drive device, and energy is additionally provided with the roller mounting platform Enough cutting plate drive device support columns being supported to cutting plate drive device, an inclined-plane and the feedboard of sieving plate One end away from the roller is connected, and the port of export of the bar shaped groove is located at the top on another inclined-plane of sieving plate and height Degree can be overlapped on the port of export of bar shaped groove higher than the height at the top of sieving plate, cutting plate, and sieving plate is away from the charging It is fixedly connected with the inclined-plane in plate direction towards fruit and contains the fruit delivery chute that platform extends, positioned at the fruit delivery chute port of export The fruit of lower section contains platform upper measurement and is provided with fruit enclosing II.
After fruit is taken off from fruit tree, first-selection needs to detect the quality of fruit the fruit, it is necessary to be started to decay, And the mode of this detection is typically with the detection of artificial naked eyes, detection workman is picked up outside under a fruit eye observation Face, good screening of just taking away, bad just throws away.But this mode needs detection workman, and picking up one by one is put down, not only Inefficiency, while the working strength of detection workman is also very big, working long hours can make workman feel fatigue, be susceptible to mistake Inspection, the situation of missing inspection.
After fruit is taken off, fruit is put into bar shaped groove, fruit is in the bar shaped groove being obliquely installed and itself weight Under the influence of power, can be rolled along bar shaped groove length direction.Baffle drive device drives baffle plate towards bar shaped groove first Interior movement, makes two pieces of baffle plates while extending into bar shaped groove, after fruit rolls down along bar shaped groove, first can be by first piece of gear Plate is blocked, first piece of Baffle drive device of baffle plate of operational control, makes baffle plate through socket towards moving outside bar shaped groove, makes one Individual fruit is entered into detection space by first piece of baffle plate, then drives first piece of baffle plate to pass through socket towards bar shaped groove again Interior movement, stops to next fruit, a fruit is existed and is detected in space.Then it is pointed in detection space Fruit quality detected that fruit is taken pictures by CCD camera filming apparatus, the data that then will take pictures are sent to picture Signal transmission after treatment is given control process device by processor, picture processing device to data Decoding Analysis.Fruit has been detected Cheng Hou, opens second piece of baffle plate, and fruit continues to be rolled along bar shaped groove, when fruit surface is intact, the control point of control process device Flitch is rotated and is overlapped in bar shaped groove towards the side of bar shaped groove one, and such fruit is rolled out from the port of export of bar shaped groove, and It is rolled on cutting plate, then rolls to feedboard again, screening work is carried out finally by roller.If fruit outer surface occurs Rotten symptom, then control process device just controls cutting plate to be rotated towards feedboard side, not with the port of export phase of bar shaped groove Connect, fruit will directly fall in sieving plate away from the inclined-plane of feedboard side after being rolled out from the port of export of bar shaped groove, fruit Continue to roll on the inclined-plane of tangible sieving plate, and be rolled in coupled fruit delivery chute, be finally rolled to positioned at fruit Fruit in sortie gear II is contained on platform.Is taken pictures by camera and the quality of fruit is detected, no longer by artificialvision The mode of observation detected, the labour intensity of operator can not only be reduced, while missing inspection, false retrieval situation can also be avoided Generation.
Used as optimization, the bar shaped groove is located on the bottom land in the detection space and offers along bar shaped groove length side To the equipment installing port for extending, the baffle plate for being located proximate to be located at the bar shaped groove port of export side of equipment installing port, equipment Fruit upset belt transmission agency is provided with installing port, fruit upset belt gear includes belt I, the and of conveying roller I Belt drive I, conveying roller I is for two and respectively positioned at the two ends of equipment installing port length direction, two conveying rollers I Axis be parallel to each other and extend along the bar shaped groove width, the position at bar shaped groove correspondence conveying roller I two ends The rolling stand I for being respectively fixedly connected with and being rotated with conveying roller I and be connected is put, belt I is coated on two conveying rollers I, skin Band drive device I is connected with any conveying roller I, is provided with driving belt on the roller mounting platform The belt drive support column that device I is supported, the transmission plane of belt I is located at same inclined-plane with the bar shaped groove bottom land On.In detection space, CCD camera filming apparatus can only also take pictures fruit from the top of fruit to fruit, such as fruits Side or bottom surface occur rot, it is impossible to detection in place, missing inspection, false retrieval situation just occurs.It is empty detection to be entered into fruit Between after, start belt drive unit I, make the rightabout transmission that belt I is rolled along fruit, then fruit on belt I not only By the opposite conveying capacity of rotating direction, while being also affected by gravity, now fruit will always roll on belt I, top CCD camera filming apparatus the diverse location of fruit can just be taken pictures, fruit can comprehensively be detected, thoroughly Detect the defect of fruit surface, it is to avoid false retrieval, the situation of missing inspection occur.
Used as optimization, the fruit contains the position that platform is located in the fruit enclosing I and the fruit enclosing II respectively Putting to offer can make fruit contain the fruit that drops on platform from fruit to weigh hole, and fruit is weighed the cross-sectional sizes difference in hole Internal diameter cross-sectional sizes with the fruit enclosing I and the fruit enclosing II are identical, and the fruit contains the lower surface pair of platform The weigh position in hole of fruit is answered to be provided with weighing fruit the switching door that hole blocked, the fruit is contained under platform The position of surface correspondence switching door is also fixedly connected with the folding that can control switching door realization that hole folding control is weighed to fruit Door drive, switching door towards the weigh side in hole of fruit is provided with the bearing plate that is be arranged in parallel with switching door, switching door Weighing sensor and voltage comparator are provided between bearing plate, the two ends of weighing sensor are respectively fixedly connected with switching door On bearing plate, the signal output part of weighing sensor is electrically connected with the signal input part of voltage comparator, voltage comparator High level output end electrically connects with adjacent folding door drive;
Contained positioned at the fruit and be additionally provided with fruit shipping platform below platform, platform and fruit are contained positioned at fruit Be additionally provided between shipping platform and connect fruit tray, the supporting plate respectively with fruit shipping platform and connect fruit tray and be fixedly connected and be used for Support, fruit weigh hole in the vertical direction projection be located at connect in the projection of fruit tray in the vertical direction, connect fruit Loading hatch is offered on disk, the upper surface of fruit tray is connect to be obliquely installed and is inclined towards loading hatch direction, the lower section for connecing fruit tray is consolidated Surely it is connected with the handling pipe connected with loading hatch;
The fruit shipping platform upper surface is additionally provided with fruit vanning belt conveyor connecting gear, fruit vanning conveying skin Tape transport includes belt II, conveying roller II and belt drive II, and conveying roller II is for two and positioned at same water Plane, the axis of two conveying rollers II is parallel to each other, the position difference at correspondence conveying roller II two ends on fruit shipping platform The rolling stand II for being rotated with conveying roller II and being connected is fixedly connected with, belt II is coated on two conveying rollers II, belt Drive device II be fixedly connected on the fruit shipping platform and with the drive connection of any conveying roller II, handling pipe The port of export is located at the top of belt II, and multiple fruit baskets have been spaced apart along the length direction of belt II on the transmission plane of belt II.
Fruit enclosing I or fruit delivery chute fruit enclosing that fruit after screening is just dropped to below different rollers In II, and then it is accumulated on weighing plate, weighing plate stress is extruded weighing sensor, weighing sensor will be fruit Weight is converted to voltage signal and passes to voltage comparator, voltage comparator after voltage signal is received, by with default base Quasi- magnitude of voltage is compared.After the voltage signal for receiving is more than reference voltage value, voltage comparator output high level control Folding door drive opens switching door, and fruit is just fallen in the result disk of lower section, is finally managed by loading and unloading from loading hatch Drop down onto in the fruit basket of lower section.When any one switching door is opened, stop the screening work to fruit, it is to avoid other fruit enclosings After interior fruit weight reaches requirement, switching door is opened, and the fruit of different size is loaded in mixture together.After one fruit basket dress fruit, Just rotated by the drive belt II of belt drive II, the lower section for making next empty fruit basket be moved to handling pipe waits next time Dress fruit.Fruit weight so in each fruit basket is just essentially identical, and the fruit size of each fruit basket is also essentially identical in addition, This completes to equal size, the packing of equivalent weight fruit reduces artificial input, has saved human cost, also Alleviate the working strength of responsible sorting work.
In sum, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:The utility model passes through roller and the rolling for setting gradually Fruit screening hole on cylinder, is sieved with this fruit to diameter from small to large, the fruit size for coming is screened out per one-level equal It is even, artificial input can be reduced, cost of labor and manual working intensity are reduced, improve screening efficiency.
Brief description of the drawings
In order that the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of utility model are clearer, it is new to this practicality below in conjunction with accompanying drawing Type is described in further detail, wherein:
Fig. 1 is three dimensional structure diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is side view of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is enlarged diagram at A in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of weighing structure in the utility model.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, the fruit screening packaging device in this specific embodiment, including set successively from top to bottom Fruit delivery platform 1, roller mounting platform 2 and the fruit put contain platform 3, and also including can be simultaneously to fruit delivery platform 1st, roller mounting platform 2 and fruit contain the supporting plate 4 that platform 3 is supported, and are spaced on roller mounting platform 2 and are provided with Multiple axis direction identical rollers 5, offer some equal sizes and can pass through fruit on the side face of each roller 5 Fruit screening hole 6, the diameter in the fruit screening hole 6 on roller 5 gradually increases along the orientation of multiple rollers 5, positioned at rolling The rolling stand for being rotated with roller 5 be connected respectively, roller mounting platform 2 are fixedly connected with the roller mounting platform 2 at 5 two ends of cylinder On be additionally provided with the drum drive 7 that multiple rollers 5 can be driven to rotate, on the roller mounting platform 2 of the lower section of roller 5 The fruit packing hole that can pass through fruit is offered, the fruit below fruit packing hole contains the upper measurement of platform 3 and is provided with fruit Sortie gear I 8, the position of corresponding each roller 5 of fruit delivery platform 1 offers the opening that can stretch out the top of roller 5, Feedboard 9 is provided with the bearing of trend of the arrangement of multiple rollers 5 and positioned at one end of the fruit screening minor diameter of hole 6, is fed Plate 9 is inclined away from one end of roller 5 towards diagonal upward direction, and feedboard 9 is consolidated near one end of roller 5 with fruit delivery platform 1 Fixed connection.
In this specific embodiment, the front end of the feedboard 9 is provided with fruit quality detection means, fruit quality Detection means includes fruit screening plant, fruit appearance detection means and the bar shaped groove 10 being obliquely installed;
The height of the arrival end of bar shaped groove 10 is higher than the height of the port of export of bar shaped groove 10, fixed in the supporting plate 4 to connect It is connected to the bar shaped groove support platform 11 for supporting bar shaped groove 10, being arranged at intervals with two pieces in bar shaped groove 10 is able to The baffle plate 12 stopped to fruit, is formed with the detection space for being detected to fruit, bar shaped between two pieces of baffle plates 12 The bottom land of groove 10 position corresponding with baffle plate 12 offers can make baffle plate 12 pass through and reach outside bar shaped groove 10 Socket, being respectively arranged below for bar shaped groove 10 can drive 12 baffle plates to be moved through socket and along the inward-outward direction of bar shaped groove 10 Dynamic Baffle drive device 13, is fixedly connected with the barrier driving for supporting baffle drive device 13 on roller mounting platform 2 Device support column;
Fruit appearance detection means includes CCD camera filming apparatus 14, picture processor and control process device, CCD camera Filming apparatus 14 are located at the top in detection space and can be pointed to detect that the fruit in space is taken pictures, in bar shaped groove 10 It is fixedly connected with the camera tripod for being supported to CCD camera filming apparatus 14, the signal of CCD camera filming apparatus 14 Output end is electrically connected with the signal input part of picture processor, the signal output part of picture processor and the signal of control process device Input is electrically connected;
Fruit screening plant includes that overall is in reverse V-shaped sieving plate 15, and the top of sieving plate 15 is rotatably connected to being capable of court To the cutting plate 16 that two bevel directions of sieving plate 15 are rotated, the roller mounting platform 2 is provided with to sieving plate 15 The sieving plate support column being supported, the cutting plate for being provided with driving cutting plate 16 to rotate positioned at one end of cutting plate 16 drives Dynamic device 17, the signal output part of control process device is electrically connected with the signal input part of cutting plate drive device 17, the roller The cutting plate drive device support column that can be supported to cutting plate drive device 17 is additionally provided with mounting platform 2, is sieved The one end of one inclined-plane of plate 15 with the feedboard 9 away from the roller 5 is connected, the port of export position of the bar shaped groove 10 In another inclined-plane for sieving 15 plates top and height higher than the top of sieving plate 15 height, cutting plate 16 can be overlapped on bar On the port of export of shape groove 10, sieving plate 15 away from be fixedly connected with the inclined-plane in the direction of the feedboard 9 towards fruit contain The fruit delivery chute 18 that platform 3 extends, the fruit below the port of export of fruit delivery chute 18 contains the upper measurement of platform 3 and is provided with fruit Enclosing II 19.
In this specific embodiment, the bar shaped groove 10 is located on the bottom land in the detection space and offers along bar shaped The length direction of groove 10 extend equipment installing port, equipment installing port be located proximate to be located at the port of export one of the bar shaped groove 10 The baffle plate of side, is provided with fruit upset belt transmission agency in equipment installing port, fruit upset belt gear includes belt I 20th, conveying roller I 21 and belt drive I 22, conveying roller I 21 is for two and respectively positioned at equipment installing port length direction Two ends, the axis of two conveying rollers I 21 be parallel to each other and along the width of the bar shaped groove 10 extend, the bar shaped lead to The position at the correspondence conveying roller I 21 of groove 10 two ends is respectively fixedly connected with the rolling stand I for being rotated with conveying roller I 21 and being connected, Belt I 10 is coated on two conveying rollers I 21, and belt drive I 22 is connected with any conveying roller I 21, The belt drive support column being supported to belt drive I 22, skin are provided with the roller mounting platform 2 It is located on same inclined-plane with the bottom land of the bar shaped groove 10 with I 20 transmission plane.
In this specific embodiment, the fruit contains platform 3 and is enclosed positioned at the fruit enclosing I 8 and the fruit respectively The position kept off in II 19 is offered and fruit can be made to contain the fruit that drops on platform 3 from fruit weigh hole, and fruit is weighed hole Internal diameter cross-sectional sizes of the cross-sectional sizes respectively with the fruit enclosing I 8 and the fruit enclosing II 19 it is identical, the fruit is contained The weigh position in hole of the lower surface correspondence fruit of assembling platform 3 is provided with weighing fruit the switching door 23 that hole blocked, The position that the fruit contains the lower surface correspondence switching door 23 of platform 3 is also fixedly connected with that switching door 23 can be controlled to realize is right Fruit is weighed the folding door drive 24 of hole folding control, and switching door 23 towards the weigh side in hole of fruit is provided with and opens Close the bearing plate 25 that be arranged in parallel of door 23, be provided between switching door 23 and bearing plate 25 weighing sensor 26 and voltage ratio compared with Device, the two ends of weighing sensor 26 are respectively fixedly connected with switching door 23 and bearing plate 25, and the signal of weighing sensor 26 is defeated Go out end to be electrically connected with the signal input part of voltage comparator, the high level output end of voltage comparator drives with adjacent switching door and fills Put 24 electrical connections;
Positioned at the fruit contain platform 3 lower section be additionally provided with fruit shipping platform 27, positioned at fruit contain platform 3 with Be additionally provided between fruit shipping platform 27 and connect fruit tray 28, the supporting plate 4 respectively with fruit shipping platform 27 and connect fruit tray 28 Be fixedly connected and for supporting, fruit weigh hole in the vertical direction projection be located at connect fruit tray 28 in vertical direction On projection in, to connect and offer loading hatch on fruit tray 28, connect the upper surface of fruit tray 28 to be obliquely installed and towards loading hatch direction Incline, the lower section for connecing fruit tray 28 is fixedly connected with the handling pipe 29 connected with loading hatch;
The upper surface of fruit shipping platform 27 is additionally provided with fruit vanning belt conveyor connecting gear, fruit vanning conveying Belt transmission agency include belt II 30, conveying roller II 31 and belt drive II 32, conveying roller II 31 be two and Positioned at same level, the axis of two conveying rollers II 31 is parallel to each other, correspondence conveying roller II on fruit shipping platform 27 The position at 31 two ends is respectively fixedly connected with the rolling stand II for being rotated with conveying roller II 31 and being connected, and belt II 30 is coated on two On root conveying roller II 31, belt drive II 32 is fixedly connected on the fruit shipping platform and is transmitted with any one Roller II 31 is connected, and the port of export for loading and unloading pipe 29 is located at the top of belt II 30, along belt on the transmission plane of belt II 30 II 30 length directions have been spaced apart multiple fruit baskets 33.
Can be divided along the both sides edge of the orientation of multiple rollers 5 with do so, feedboard 9 during specific implementation Be not fixedly connected with the limiting plate I that can be stopped to fruit, the distance between two pieces of limiting plates I length be roll 5 length Degree, can preferably guide fruit to roll to roller 5, facilitate access for roller 5 and sieve.The upper surface of fruit delivery platform 1 and Be respectively fixedly connected with the limiting plate II that can be stopped to fruit positioned at the both sides of the orientation of multiple rollers 5, fruit from After one roller 5 " getting rid of " goes out, fruit can be stopped, prevent fruit from throwing away the screening scope of roller 5.Sieving plate 15 it is upper Surface and the limiting plate III that can be stopped to fruit is respectively fixedly connected with positioned at the two ends of cutting plate 16, can not only be by The fruit of quality better is led out on feedboard 9, but also can fall the inferior fruit from bar shaped groove 10 out Fall after sieving plate 15, prevent fruit from tumbling everywhere, can correctly enter into fruit delivery chute 18.
The arrival end of bar shaped groove 10 is additionally provided with fruit feed arrangement, and fruit feed arrangement includes overall in funnelform Entry table, the bottom of entry table offers the charging aperture that can pass through fruit, is fixedly connected with and charging below entry table Mouth connection feed pipe, the port of export of feed pipe is located in bar shaped groove 10.Generally all it is plucker when picking fruit One back of the body container made of bamboo, wicker, ratten, etc. of the back of the body, the fruit that then will be taken off puts back of the body container made of bamboo, wicker, ratten, etc. the inside into, and after the fruit inside the back of the body container made of bamboo, wicker, ratten, etc. is filled, plucker is just The fruit carried on the back inside the container made of bamboo, wicker, ratten, etc. is fully enclosed in bar shaped groove 10.But limited by the local width of bar shaped groove 10, fruit is not Once can all pour into bar shaped groove 10, fruit can only be in turn picked up with hand and be put into, so not only efficiency is low, also increases and adopts Pluck the burden of workman.And a funnelform entry table is set, it becomes possible to entrance is all poured into back of the body container made of bamboo, wicker, ratten, etc. the inside, fruit can be successively Entered into feed pipe by charging aperture, entered finally into bar shaped groove 10.Each plucker plucks and completes, as long as will fruit Entry table is poured into fact, then goes to pluck fruit again, not only increase picking efficiency, also reduce the labor of plucker Fatigue resistance.
A moving cart is additionally provided with positioned at the lower section of fruit shipping platform 27, movement is got off including moving carriage and position In the Athey wheel of moving carriage both sides, the crawler belt wheel drive unit for driving Athey wheel to rotate, fruit are provided with moving carriage Real screening packaging device is fixedly connected in moving carriage.Fruit can be sieved by packaging device by moving cart and be moved to fruit In garden, pluck while sieve packing, eliminate middle conveying process, the fruit that will directly can have been dispensed is transported.
It can in addition contain on the inside of the belt II 30 between two conveying rollers II 31 and along two conveying rollers II The support roller that 31 relative direction interval settings multiple can be supported to belt, supports the axis direction of roller parallel to biography Send the axis direction of roller II 31, on the fruit shipping platform position at correspondence support roller two ends be respectively fixedly connected with Support roller rotates the rolling stand III of connection.Because the distance between two conveying rollers II 31 are more long, and top fruit basket 33 It is larger equipped with fruit weight, easily belt II 30 is caused to damage, and the support roller for setting can be propped up belt II 30 Support, improves its service life.
After harvesting personnel pick fruit from fruit tree, it is directly poured into entry table, fruit will be along The inclined-plane of entry table is entered into feed pipe, from feed pipe out after just enter directly into bar shaped groove 10;Fruit is in bar shaped Rolled in groove 10, first piece of baffle plate 12 of control only makes a fruit enter into monitoring space, and belt I 20 is rotated turns over fruit Turn, CCD camera filming apparatus 14 are realized taking pictures fruit, and by signal transmission to picture processor, after signal transacting, picture Signal transmission is given control process device by processor again, if fruit quality is preferably, control process device control cutting plate drive device 17 make cutting plate 16 be overlapped on the port of export of bar shaped groove 10;Fruit detection after the completion of, open second piece of baffle plate 12, fruit after It is continuous to be rolled along bar shaped groove 10, and be rolled into successively on cutting plate 16, the inclined-plane of sieving plate 15 and feedboard 9, finally carried out by roller 5 Screening;Fruit is fallen in the lower section fruit enclosing I 8 of corresponding roller 5 after screening;When fruit is in fruit enclosing I 8, weighing and sensing Device 26 all fruits in fruit enclosing I 8 can be weighed, when the fruit weight in some fruit enclosing I 8 reach it is default It is required that after, switching door 23 is opened, make fruit all fall to lower section connect on fruit tray 28, when one of switching door is opened, Stop the screening work to fruit, it is to avoid fruit is fallen in other fruit enclosings I, causes weight to meet the requirements, and others are opened Close door 23 also to open, the fruit of different size is mixed;Fruit is rolled on the inclined-plane for connecing fruit tray 28 towards loading hatch direction It is dynamic, finally fall in the fruit basket 33 of lower section, complete the screening packing operation of the size, weight of fruit.
Finally illustrate, above example is only used to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model and unrestricted, although logical Cross the utility model is described with reference to preferred embodiment of the present utility model, but one of ordinary skill in the art It should be appreciated that various changes can be made to it in the form and details, without departing from appended claims institute The spirit and scope of the present utility model for limiting.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of fruit sieves packaging device, it is characterised in that:Including the fruit delivery platform, the roller that set gradually from top to bottom Mounting platform and fruit contain platform, and also include to contain to fruit delivery platform, roller mounting platform and fruit simultaneously The supporting plate that platform is supported, is spaced on roller mounting platform and is provided with multiple axis direction identical rollers, each Some equal sizes are offered on the side face of roller and the fruit that fruit passes through can be made to sieve hole, the fruit screening on roller The diameter in hole gradually increases along the orientation of multiple rollers, is fixedly connected with the roller mounting platform at roller two ends point The rolling stand being connected is not rotated with roller, the roller that being additionally provided with roller mounting platform can drive multiple rollers to rotate drives Dynamic device, offers the fruit packing hole that can pass through fruit, positioned at fruit on the roller mounting platform below roller Fruit below packing hole contains platform upper measurement and is provided with fruit enclosing I, and the position of corresponding each roller of fruit delivery platform is opened The opening that can stretch out the top of roller is provided with, it is on the bearing of trend of multiple roller arrangements and small positioned at fruit screening hole One end of diameter is provided with feedboard, and feedboard is inclined away from one end of roller towards diagonal upward direction, and feedboard is near roller One end be fixedly connected with fruit delivery platform.
2. fruit according to claim 1 sieves packaging device, it is characterised in that:Set positioned at the front end of the feedboard There is fruit quality detection means, fruit quality detection means sets including fruit screening plant, fruit appearance detection means and inclination The bar shaped groove put;
The height of bar shaped groove arrival end is fixedly connected with for propping up higher than the height of the bar shaped groove port of export in the supporting plate The bar shaped groove support platform of bar shaped groove is supportted, two pieces is arranged at intervals with bar shaped groove and is able to what fruit was stopped Baffle plate, is formed with the detection space for being detected to fruit between two pieces of baffle plates, the bottom land of bar shaped groove is relative with baffle plate The position answered offers can make baffle plate pass through and reach the socket outside bar shaped groove, and bar shaped groove has been respectively arranged below The Baffle drive device that baffle plate can be driven to be moved through socket and along bar shaped groove inward-outward direction, it is fixed on roller mounting platform It is connected with the Baffle drive device support column for supporting baffle drive device;
Fruit appearance detection means includes CCD camera filming apparatus, picture processor and control process device, and CCD camera shoots dress Setting in detection space top and can be pointed to detect space in fruit taken pictures, be fixedly connected with bar shaped groove For the camera tripod being supported to CCD camera filming apparatus, at the signal output part and picture of CCD camera filming apparatus The signal input part electrical connection of device is managed, the signal output part of picture processor is electrically connected with the signal input part of control process device;
Fruit screening plant includes that overall is in reverse V-shaped sieving plate, and being rotatably connected at the top of sieving plate can be towards sieving plate The cutting plate that rotates of two bevel directions, the roller mounting platform is provided with the sieving plate being supported to sieving plate Support column, positioned at the cutting plate drive device that one end of cutting plate is provided with driving cutting plate to rotate, control process device Signal output part is electrically connected with the signal input part of cutting plate drive device, and being additionally provided with the roller mounting platform can be right The cutting plate drive device support column that cutting plate drive device is supported, an inclined-plane of sieving plate and the feedboard away from One end of the roller is connected, and the port of export of the bar shaped groove is located at the top on another inclined-plane of sieving plate and height is high Height at the top of sieving plate, cutting plate can be overlapped on the port of export of bar shaped groove, and sieving plate is away from the feedboard side To inclined-plane on be fixedly connected with towards fruit contain platform extend fruit delivery chute, positioned at the fruit delivery chute port of export lower section Fruit contain platform upper measurement be provided with fruit enclosing II.
3. fruit according to claim 2 sieves packaging device, it is characterised in that:The bar shaped groove is located at the detection The equipment installing port extended along bar shaped groove length direction is offered on bottom land in space, equipment installing port is located proximate to position In the baffle plate of the bar shaped groove port of export side, fruit upset belt transmission agency is provided with equipment installing port, fruit is turned over Turn belt gear including belt I, conveying roller I and belt drive I, conveying roller I is two and is located at sets respectively The two ends of standby installing port length direction, the axis of two conveying rollers I is parallel to each other and prolongs along the bar shaped groove width Stretch, the position at bar shaped groove correspondence conveying roller I two ends is respectively fixedly connected with the roller for being rotated with conveying roller I and being connected Support I, belt I is coated on two conveying rollers I, and belt drive I is connected with any conveying roller I, institute The belt drive support column for being provided with being supported on roller mounting platform to belt drive I is stated, belt I Transmission plane is located on same inclined-plane with the bar shaped groove bottom land.
4. fruit according to claim 2 sieves packaging device, it is characterised in that:The fruit contains platform and is located at respectively Position in the fruit enclosing I and the fruit enclosing II offers can make fruit contain what is dropped on platform from fruit Fruit is weighed hole, fruit weigh hole cross-sectional sizes respectively with the fruit enclosing I and the internal diameter section of the fruit enclosing II Size is identical, and the weigh position hole that is provided with weighing fruit in hole of lower surface correspondence fruit that the fruit contains platform is entered The switching door that row is blocked, the position that the fruit contains the lower surface correspondence switching door of platform is also fixedly connected with and can control out Close door and realize the folding door drive of hole folding control of being weighed to fruit, switching door is set towards the weigh side in hole of fruit There is the bearing plate being be arranged in parallel with switching door, weighing sensor and voltage comparator are provided between switching door and bearing plate, claim The two ends for retransmitting sensor are respectively fixedly connected with switching door and bearing plate, the signal output part of weighing sensor and voltage ratio compared with The signal input part electrical connection of device, the high level output end of voltage comparator electrically connects with adjacent folding door drive;
Contained positioned at the fruit and be additionally provided with fruit shipping platform below platform, contain platform positioned at fruit ships with fruit Be additionally provided between platform and connect fruit tray, the supporting plate respectively with fruit shipping platform and connect fruit tray and be fixedly connected and for it Be supported, fruit weigh hole in the vertical direction projection be located at connect in the projection of fruit tray in the vertical direction, connect on fruit tray Loading hatch is offered, the upper surface of fruit tray is connect to be obliquely installed and is inclined towards loading hatch direction, company is fixed in the lower section for connecing fruit tray It is connected to the handling pipe connected with loading hatch;
The fruit shipping platform upper surface is additionally provided with fruit vanning belt conveyor connecting gear, and fruit vanning belt conveyor is passed Sending mechanism includes belt II, conveying roller II and belt drive II, and conveying roller II is two and positioned at same level, The axis of two conveying rollers II is parallel to each other, and the position at correspondence conveying roller II two ends is fixed respectively on fruit shipping platform connects The rolling stand II for being rotated with conveying roller II and being connected is connected to, belt II is coated on two conveying rollers II, and belt drives dress Put II be fixedly connected on the fruit shipping platform and with the drive connection of any conveying roller II, load and unload pipe the port of export Positioned at the top of belt II, multiple fruit baskets are spaced apart along the length direction of belt II on the transmission plane of belt II.
CN201621400100.4U 2016-12-20 2016-12-20 Fruit sieves packaging device Withdrawn - After Issue CN206305068U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621400100.4U CN206305068U (en) 2016-12-20 2016-12-20 Fruit sieves packaging device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621400100.4U CN206305068U (en) 2016-12-20 2016-12-20 Fruit sieves packaging device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206305068U true CN206305068U (en) 2017-07-07

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621400100.4U Withdrawn - After Issue CN206305068U (en) 2016-12-20 2016-12-20 Fruit sieves packaging device

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Country Link
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106475326A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-03-08 重庆理工大学 A kind of fruit sieves packaging device
CN110787986A (en) * 2019-10-30 2020-02-14 昆明理工大学 Full-automatic grading production line for pseudo-ginseng

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106475326A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-03-08 重庆理工大学 A kind of fruit sieves packaging device
CN110787986A (en) * 2019-10-30 2020-02-14 昆明理工大学 Full-automatic grading production line for pseudo-ginseng

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