CN2677046Y - Ball shaped fruit-vegetable grading and screening machine - Google Patents

Ball shaped fruit-vegetable grading and screening machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2677046Y
CN2677046Y CN 200320132118 CN200320132118U CN2677046Y CN 2677046 Y CN2677046 Y CN 2677046Y CN 200320132118 CN200320132118 CN 200320132118 CN 200320132118 U CN200320132118 U CN 200320132118U CN 2677046 Y CN2677046 Y CN 2677046Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
feeding
grading
screening machine
sizing screening
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200320132118
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王春生
赵猛
张立新
李超
李湘平
Original Assignee
山西省农业科学院农产品贮藏保鲜研究所
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Priority to CN 200320132118 priority Critical patent/CN2677046Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2677046Y publication Critical patent/CN2677046Y/en

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Abstract

A ball-shaped small garden stuff grading and screening machine comprises four parts: a feeding part, a grading and screening part, a discharging part, and a driving part. The grading and screening part is formed by rolling drums with different diameters being sleeved together; the inner rolling drum is processed with screen bores; an end cover is arranged on the feeding end of the rolling drums, and a feeding inlet is prepared in the center of the end cover; the rolling drums are arranged on the machine frame slantways through supporting bases, and they rotate in concentricity and synchronization; a feeding hopper of the feeding part is corresponding to the feeding inlet of the end cover, and the discharging part is composed of gathering sills which are corresponding to the rolling drums each to each. When the ball-shaped garden stuff enters the center rolling drums through the feeding hopper, the fruit rolls down with the functions of rotary and the gravity; since the bore diameters of the rolling drums decrease gradually from the outer layer to the inner layer, the fruit can be graded into different gradation according to the different diameters. The utility model can grade and screen the ball-shaped garden stuff according to the grade standard requirements, with advantages such as simple structure, convenient operation, and high work efficiency; the ball-shaped small garden stuff grading and screening machine is applied to the grading and screening processes of cherry, tomato, winter jujube, walnut, chestnut, and other small ball-shaped garden stuff.

Description

Spherical fruitlet vegetables sizing screening machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the mechanical grading machine, is specifically related to a kind of spherical fruitlet vegetables sizing screening machine.
Background technology
Along with the transformation of traditional agriculture to modern agriculture, the commercialization of agricultural product is handled has become the important means that improves the agricultural product added value and the market competitiveness.At present, all to pass through links such as sizing screening, cleaning, sterilization, packing after the fruit and vegetable food of developed country is plucked, make these products become standardization, standardized commodity just can come into the market.In the post processing link of product, sizing screening becomes an important link.The classification for fruit such as apple, pears, Kiwi berry, nectarine and navel oranges abroad all has mature technique and equipment, and these equipment are standard with the weight and the color of product mostly, uses photoelectric technology and carries out the classification processing.Domestic some fruit grading equipment of also having released in recent years, mainly be at big fruit design of apple, pears and the orange class etc. of single fruit weight more than 100g, and the small fruit type fruits and vegetables that present popularization is produced, suitable classifying equipoment does not also appear in the fruit as single fruit weight such as cherry tomato, winter jujube below 30g.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the utility model mainly solves provides a kind of sizing screening machine that is suitable for spherical small fruit type fruits and vegetables, can carry out sizing screening according to the diameter of fruit, to improve the commodity and the classification efficiency of fruit.
The spherical fruitlet vegetables of the utility model sizing screening machine comprises charging, sizing screening, discharging, transmission four parts, and the sizing screening part is formed by the different cylinder suit of diameter, leaves spacing between cylinder and the cylinder, is processed with sieve aperture on the internal layer cylinder; End cap is arranged on the feed end of cylinder, fixes with each layer cylinder respectively, and the end cap center is left and the identical charging aperture of minimum cylinder internal diameter; Cylinder discharging opening place, than outer cylinder lengthening 100~300mm, elongated portion is not provided with sieve aperture to the internal layer cylinder successively; Above-mentioned cylinder is obliquely installed on frame by bearing, is fixed with cog belt on the outermost layer cylinder, the pinion of cog belt and running part, and cylinder is provided with one heart, rotation synchronously; Feeding part is made up of storage bin and feed hopper, and feed hopper is corresponding with the end cap charging aperture, and the output section is by forming with the corresponding one by one deflector chute of cylinder.
The above-mentioned cylinder angle of inclination that is arranged on the frame is 10 °~30 °.
Above-mentioned cylinder is set to 2~5 layers according to the screening grade.
The utility model is simple in structure, and is easy to operate, can the spheral fruit of different-diameter be carried out sizing screening according to the requirement of classification standard, high efficiency, and the sizing screening that is suitable for cherry tomato, winter jujube, walnut and chestnut equal sphere small fruit type fruits and vegetables uses.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is spherical fruitlet vegetables sizing screening machine structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the output section structural representation;
Fig. 3 is the feeding part structural representation.
Wherein: 1, cylinder 2, cog belt 3, end cap 4, charging aperture 5, pinion 6, speed changer 7, motor 8, friction be with 9, sieve aperture 10, frame 11, bearing 12, deflector chute 13, support 14, storage bin 15, feed hopper
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, spherical fruitlet vegetables sizing screening part is made up of three layers of different cylinder 1 suit of diameter, in first and second layer, evenly be processed with sieve aperture 9 on the cylinder, the diameter of sieve aperture diminishes to outer cylinder gradually from the internal layer cylinder, the fruits and vegetables classification that diameter can be processed as required determines do not have sieve aperture on the outermost layer cylinder.End cap 3 is arranged on the cylinder end, welds together with three layers of cylinder, and charging aperture 4 is arranged on the end cap center, and the charging aperture diameter is identical with minimum cylinder internal diameter.Cylinder discharging opening place, than outer cylinder lengthening 120mm, elongated portion is not provided with sieve aperture to the internal layer cylinder successively, and central cylinder is the longest, is beneficial to be sieved the thing classification and falls into deflector chute.Be fixed with a circle cog belt 2 outside on the cylinder, two ends also are fixed with friction and are with 8, and the friction band is supported on the cylinder bearing 11, and bearing 11 is fixing with frame 10, and the cylinder angle of inclination that is arranged on the frame is 15 °.Running part drives speed changer 6 by motor 7 and pinion 5 rotates, and pinion 5 and cog belt 2 engagements drive concentric, the rotation synchronously of three layers of cylinder.After Installation and Debugging are good, running part is enclosed in the protective cover.
Be fixed with the bull gear of alternative cog belt on the above-mentioned outer cylinder, pinion and bull gear engagement drive cylinder and rotate.
As shown in Figure 2, three grades of deflector chutes 12 are fixed on the support 13, and each grade deflector chute is consistent with corresponding cylinder discharging opening height.
As shown in Figure 3, feeding part is made up of storage bin 14 and feed hopper 15, and the feed hopper front end is the awl mouth, and is corresponding with end cap charging aperture 4.
During use, three grades of deflector chutes of output section are docked with cylinder, the feed hopper awl of feeding part mouthful docks with the roller end cover charging aperture.When the fruits and vegetables of sphere after feed hopper enters central cylinder, under rotation and gravity effect, fruit rolls downwards, because the cylinder aperture is dwindled to skin gradually by internal layer, in the rolling process, fruit less than ground floor cylinder sieve aperture falls into second layer cylinder, falls into the 3rd layer of cylinder less than the fruit of second layer cylinder sieve aperture, so just fruit has been divided into different grades according to different diameters.
In manufacturing process, the pore size of internal layer cylinder sieve aperture can be made into the serial sizing screening type that is used for the variety classes spheral fruit according to the supporting setting that requires of different fruits and vegetables classification standards.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of spherical fruitlet vegetables sizing screening machine comprises charging, sizing screening, discharging, transmission four parts, it is characterized in that the sizing screening part is formed by the different cylinder suit of diameter, leaves spacing between cylinder and the cylinder, is processed with sieve aperture on the internal layer cylinder; End cap is arranged on the feed end of cylinder, fixes with each layer cylinder respectively, and the end cap center is left and the identical charging aperture of minimum cylinder internal diameter; Cylinder discharging opening place, than outer cylinder lengthening 100~300mm, elongated portion is not provided with sieve aperture to the internal layer cylinder successively; Above-mentioned cylinder is obliquely installed on frame by bearing, is fixed with cog belt on the outermost layer cylinder, the pinion of cog belt and running part, and cylinder is provided with one heart, rotation synchronously; Feeding part is made up of storage bin and feed hopper, and feed hopper is corresponding with the end cap charging aperture, and the output section is by forming with the corresponding one by one deflector chute of cylinder.
2, spherical fruitlet vegetables sizing screening machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that the above-mentioned cylinder angle of inclination that is arranged on the frame is 10 °~30 °
3, spherical fruitlet vegetables sizing screening machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that above-mentioned cylinder is set to 2~5 layers according to the screening grade.
4, spherical fruitlet vegetables sizing screening machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that being fixed with bull gear on the above-mentioned outer cylinder, and pinion and bull gear engagement drive cylinder and rotate.
CN 200320132118 2003-12-26 2003-12-26 Ball shaped fruit-vegetable grading and screening machine CN2677046Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200320132118 CN2677046Y (en) 2003-12-26 2003-12-26 Ball shaped fruit-vegetable grading and screening machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200320132118 CN2677046Y (en) 2003-12-26 2003-12-26 Ball shaped fruit-vegetable grading and screening machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2677046Y true CN2677046Y (en) 2005-02-09

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200320132118 CN2677046Y (en) 2003-12-26 2003-12-26 Ball shaped fruit-vegetable grading and screening machine

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102380474A (en) * 2010-08-30 2012-03-21 枣庄市和兴通风制冷设备有限公司 Roller type ball selecting machine
CN102921624A (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-02-13 河南博奥建设股份有限公司 Automatic screening machine for steel balls
CN102974542A (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-03-20 杨路萌 Automatic grading and processing device for garlic
CN103104659A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-05-15 乌鲁木齐市众凯达机电有限公司 Driving device for rotating roller of agriculture product processing machinery
CN103128045A (en) * 2011-11-22 2013-06-05 四川科伦药业股份有限公司 Strip hole drum screen
CN103949398A (en) * 2014-04-22 2014-07-30 三峡大学 Automatic fruit grading device
CN104028468A (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-09-10 杨琮 Onion separator
CN104785434A (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-07-22 山东海领船舶机械有限公司 Gear driving mechanism drum screen
CN105191586A (en) * 2015-10-14 2015-12-30 佟俊华 Corn thresher with roller screen
CN105595385A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-05-25 黄秀淼 Livestock raising feed stirring, smashing and screening all-in-one machine
CN106216072A (en) * 2016-08-05 2016-12-14 南京西普水泥工程集团有限公司 A kind of tube mill abrasive body sorting unit
CN106360752A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-01 河南工业职业技术学院 Roller type peanut rinding and sieving mechanism
CN107138385A (en) * 2017-05-12 2017-09-08 刘春燕 A kind of Bridge guardrail cast efficient sieving equipment of sand
CN107185796A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-09-22 合肥永泰新型建材有限公司 A kind of urban rubbish treatment unit
CN107694742A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-02-16 遵义宏伟农业科技有限责任公司 A kind of walnut screening machine
CN107803332A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-03-16 合肥卡洛塑业科技有限公司 A kind of more section screening plants of Masterbatch production
CN107927829A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-04-20 芜湖乐佳自动化机械有限公司 A kind of drum-type horseshoe fruit removes indigenous equipment
CN107927828A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-04-20 芜湖乐佳自动化机械有限公司 A kind of dry cleaning equipment of horseshoe dried fruit
CN108380502A (en) * 2018-02-12 2018-08-10 李秀梨 A kind of fruit deep processing mangosteen size separation device
CN109317393A (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-02-12 北京林业大学 A kind of rotary grain size grading soil sieve
CN109499751A (en) * 2018-12-04 2019-03-22 中国林业科学研究院亚热带林业研究所 A kind of selected processing technology of walnut
CN109731671A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-05-10 包头市大青山机械制造有限责任公司 The efficient rockover remover of beet drum-type
CN111112081A (en) * 2020-01-07 2020-05-08 周其胤 Multistage screening plant is used in preparation of mud haydite

Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102380474A (en) * 2010-08-30 2012-03-21 枣庄市和兴通风制冷设备有限公司 Roller type ball selecting machine
CN103128045A (en) * 2011-11-22 2013-06-05 四川科伦药业股份有限公司 Strip hole drum screen
CN102921624B (en) * 2012-11-06 2016-05-25 河南博奥建设有限公司 Steel ball automatic screening machine
CN102921624A (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-02-13 河南博奥建设股份有限公司 Automatic screening machine for steel balls
CN102974542A (en) * 2012-12-13 2013-03-20 杨路萌 Automatic grading and processing device for garlic
CN103104659A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-05-15 乌鲁木齐市众凯达机电有限公司 Driving device for rotating roller of agriculture product processing machinery
CN103949398A (en) * 2014-04-22 2014-07-30 三峡大学 Automatic fruit grading device
CN104028468A (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-09-10 杨琮 Onion separator
CN104785434A (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-07-22 山东海领船舶机械有限公司 Gear driving mechanism drum screen
CN105191586A (en) * 2015-10-14 2015-12-30 佟俊华 Corn thresher with roller screen
CN105191586B (en) * 2015-10-14 2017-05-10 佟俊华 Corn thresher with roller screen
CN105595385A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-05-25 黄秀淼 Livestock raising feed stirring, smashing and screening all-in-one machine
CN106216072A (en) * 2016-08-05 2016-12-14 南京西普水泥工程集团有限公司 A kind of tube mill abrasive body sorting unit
CN106216072B (en) * 2016-08-05 2019-04-09 南京西普重型机械有限公司 A kind of tube mill abrasive body sorting unit
CN106360752A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-01 河南工业职业技术学院 Roller type peanut rinding and sieving mechanism
CN107138385A (en) * 2017-05-12 2017-09-08 刘春燕 A kind of Bridge guardrail cast efficient sieving equipment of sand
CN107185796A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-09-22 合肥永泰新型建材有限公司 A kind of urban rubbish treatment unit
CN107803332A (en) * 2017-08-29 2018-03-16 合肥卡洛塑业科技有限公司 A kind of more section screening plants of Masterbatch production
CN107694742A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-02-16 遵义宏伟农业科技有限责任公司 A kind of walnut screening machine
CN107694742B (en) * 2017-11-03 2019-07-23 遵义宏伟农业科技有限责任公司 A kind of walnut screening machine
CN107927829A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-04-20 芜湖乐佳自动化机械有限公司 A kind of drum-type horseshoe fruit removes indigenous equipment
CN107927828A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-04-20 芜湖乐佳自动化机械有限公司 A kind of dry cleaning equipment of horseshoe dried fruit
CN108380502A (en) * 2018-02-12 2018-08-10 李秀梨 A kind of fruit deep processing mangosteen size separation device
CN108380502B (en) * 2018-02-12 2020-11-27 惠安竹点点通讯设备有限公司 Garcinia mangostana size separation device for fruit deep processing
CN109317393B (en) * 2018-11-21 2020-12-25 北京林业大学 Rotary type particle size grading soil sieve
CN109317393A (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-02-12 北京林业大学 A kind of rotary grain size grading soil sieve
CN109499751A (en) * 2018-12-04 2019-03-22 中国林业科学研究院亚热带林业研究所 A kind of selected processing technology of walnut
CN109731671A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-05-10 包头市大青山机械制造有限责任公司 The efficient rockover remover of beet drum-type
CN111112081A (en) * 2020-01-07 2020-05-08 周其胤 Multistage screening plant is used in preparation of mud haydite

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