CN205653234U - Float wetland - Google Patents

Float wetland Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205653234U
CN205653234U CN201620354093.2U CN201620354093U CN205653234U CN 205653234 U CN205653234 U CN 205653234U CN 201620354093 U CN201620354093 U CN 201620354093U CN 205653234 U CN205653234 U CN 205653234U
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China
Prior art keywords
plant
filler
bio
framework
wetland
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CN201620354093.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨阳
王静静
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Nantong Huanan Intelligent Technology Co ltd
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JIANGSU HINANO PRECISION ASSEMBLY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201620354093.2U priority Critical patent/CN205653234U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/30Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies
    • Y02W10/37Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies using solar energy

Abstract

The utility model provides a float wetland, a serial communication port, including the frame, biological base packs, and buoyancy structure and plant species plant the unit, the frame is square, and one deck geotechnique cloth has been laid to the frame upper surface, and be provided with a set of planting cage, and it has biosorption to pack to plant cage underfill, biological base is filled inside the frame, and basic filler of biology is packed and the interior hole that sets up of biological basic polyurethane filler including biological basic polyurethane, the buoyancy structure includes the foaming filling agent that is located the floater of frame lower part and is located frame upper portion hole, plant species plants the unit including planting in the turf of geotechnological cloth and the emerged plant in the planting cage. Float wetland, buoyancy is stable, and multiple ways purifying water body is strong to the detergent power of water, has the view effect simultaneously.

Description

A kind of floating wetland
Technical field
This utility model is specifically related to a kind of floating wetland.
Background technology
Due to the mankind's large-scale development & construction activity, making original natural environment have a very large change, particularly Wetland Area constantly reduces, the deterioration of water quality, cause the severe contamination in the water ecology bad borders such as river, lakes and marhshes, pond, cause a large amount of aquatic animal, plants death the most endangered.The protection pay attention to day by day to ecosystem along with China or even the world, increasing tissue or mechanism are devoted to Revegetation of Eco-environment, the vivosphere of protection biology, create graceful green landscape.In recent years, people constantly explore and seek a kind of restoration of the ecosystem scheme, wherein utilize fluitante as pionner, build aquatic vegetation, and the measure improving self-purification of water ability is widely used.
Floating wetland is the coalition of greening technique and flotation technique, its type is varied, generally being broadly divided into the wave type that disappears, purification of water quality type by its function and provide habitat form three class, the flat shape of floating wetland has square, triangle, rectangle and circle etc. multiple.Typically it is made up of framework, buoyancy aid, base wad, fixing device and plant etc. frame-type floating wetland.The plant planted above is generally water plant, but the terrestrial plant that some waterlogging tolerances are strong, Biomass is big, landscape effect is good also has application.Showing through substantial amounts of experimentation and practical experience, floating wetland improves in water pollution purification, habitat and has several functions and effect in restoration of the ecosystem, including: the biomembrane of (1) root system of plant and artificial carrying agent and attachment thereof the purification to water quality;(2) plant purification to water quality, on floating wetland, plant can absorb the nutrient substance such as the dissolubility nitrogen in water body, phosphorus directly or indirectly, assimilated the ingredient being utilized as plant, also carbon dioxide and water can be converted it into by volatilization, metabolism or mineralization, or change into intermediate metabolites free of toxic effects and be stored in plant cell, reach to remove the purpose of pollutant;(3) plant and the microbe symbiotic purification to water quality, on floating wetland, the mycorrhizal fungi in plant roots district forms synbiosis with plant, has the enzymatic pathway of its uniqueness, in order to the pollutant that individually can not be converted by antibacterial of degrading;(4) algal control and oxygen supply effect, the floating bed of floating wetland can effective shielded from sunlight, floating bed plant photosynthesis discharges a large amount of oxygen by stem and leaf and root system in water body, it is possible to water lift body solution gas content, promote the purification of pollutant;(5) change the effect in flow field, after water body arranges floating bed, can effectively extenuate the impact of stormy waves, reduce current short circuit, promote purification of water quality and ecological recovery;(6) providing the effect of habitat, floating wetland can provide good habitat for high aquatic animals and plants and birds, is conducive to increasing aqueous bio multiformity, promotes that the habitat of water body is improved and ecological recovery;(7) effect of landscape construction, owing to planting and grown a large amount of plant on floating wetland, so being referred to as " water garden ", having and good setting sight landscaping effect.
Prior art generally uses the material such as cystosepiment or wooden frame make floating wetland as floating bed, but floating bed own wt is little, shallow draft, and buoyancy is not enough to bear the increase of weight, is easily subject to external environmental factor and topples.
Utility model content
For solving the problem of above-mentioned existence, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of floating wetland, described floating wetland, and buoyancy is stable, number of ways purifying water body, strong to the detergent power of water body, has landscape effect simultaneously.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of floating wetland, including framework, bio-based filler, buoyancy structure and plant growing unit;
Described framework is square, and frame upper surface is equipped with one layer of geotextiles, and is provided with one group of plantation cage, and described plantation cage bottom portion is filled with biological adsorption filler;
Described bio-based filler is filled in lower portion, the hole that bio-based filler is arranged in including bio-based polyurethane filler and bio-based polyurethane filler;
Described buoyancy structure includes the ball float being positioned at framework bottom and is positioned at foam filled dose of framework internal upper part hole;
Described plant growing unit includes planting the emergent aquactic plant in the turf and plantation cage of geotextiles.
Further, the height of described framework is 10-50cm.
And, described framework is made up of polyethylene or polypropylene or glass fiber reinforced plastic material.
Separately, the combination in any during described biological adsorption filler is volcanic rock filtrate, tourmaline ball, activated carbon and biological potsherd filling.
Meanwhile, described emergent aquactic plant is yellow flag, Arundo donax, Mugil cephalus grass or the one of Phyllostachys congesta or combination in any.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
(1) a kind of floating wetland described in the utility model, use bio-based filler, do not only have simple physical absorption, also has the gravitation of positive and negative electric charge, make carrier surface with hydrophilic radicals such as certain cationic reactive groups and hydroxyls, key, the secure bond of valency can be produced with the microorganism of negative charge in sewage, thus microorganism and enzyme are firmly fixed on carrier, strong to the detergent power of water body;
(2) a kind of floating wetland described in the utility model, uses two kinds of buoyancy structures, it is possible to offsets the wetland weight increase that rear microorganism colonization of long duration causes, keeps the overall buoyancy of floating wetland;
(3) a kind of floating wetland described in the utility model, is provided with plant growing unit, i.e. has landscape effect, can absorb and change pollutant in water body simultaneously, improves the clean-up effect to water body further;
(4) a kind of floating wetland described in the utility model, plantation cage bottom portion is filled with biological adsorption filler, the filler generation synergism of different pore size, it is possible to preferably remove pollutant.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of floating wetland provided by the utility model.
Wherein: 1 is framework, 2 is biological based filler, and 3 is buoyancy structure, and 4 is plant growing unit, and 5 is geotextiles, 6 is plantation cage, and 7 is biological adsorption stuffing, and 8 is bio-based polyurethane filler, and 9 is hole, 10 is ball float, and 11 is foam filled dose, and 12 is turf, and 13 is emergent aquactic plant.
Detailed description of the invention
Seeing Fig. 1, a kind of floating wetland described in the utility model, including framework 1, bio-based filler 2, buoyancy structure 3 and plant growing unit 4;
Described framework 1 is square, and framework 1 upper surface is equipped with one layer of geotextiles 5, and is provided with one group of plantation cage 6, and described plantation cage 6 underfill has biological adsorption filler 7;
Described bio-based filler is filled out 2 and is filled in framework 1 internal, that bio-based filler 2 is arranged in including bio-based polyurethane filler 8 and bio-based polyurethane filler 8 hole 9;
Described buoyancy structure 3 includes the ball float 10 being positioned at framework 1 bottom and is positioned at foam filled dose 11 of framework 1 internal upper part hole 9;
Described plant growing unit 4 includes planting the emergent aquactic plant 13 in the turf 12 and plantation cage 6 of geotextiles 5.
Further, the height of described framework 1 is 10-50cm.
And, described framework 1 is made up of polyethylene or polypropylene or glass fiber reinforced plastic material.
Separately, described biological adsorption filler 7 is the combination in any in volcanic rock filtrate, tourmaline ball, activated carbon and biological potsherd filling.
Meanwhile, described emergent aquactic plant 13 is yellow flag, Arundo donax, Mugil cephalus grass or the one of Phyllostachys congesta or combination in any.
A kind of floating wetland described in the utility model, use bio-based filler 2, do not only have simple physical absorption, also has the gravitation of positive and negative electric charge, make carrier surface with hydrophilic radicals such as certain cationic reactive groups and hydroxyls, key, the secure bond of valency can be produced with the microorganism of negative charge in sewage, thus microorganism and enzyme are firmly fixed on carrier, strong to the detergent power of water body;Use two kinds of buoyancy structures 3, it is possible to offset the wetland weight increase that rear microorganism colonization of long duration causes, keep the overall buoyancy of floating wetland simultaneously;And, it is provided with plant growing unit 4, i.e. there is landscape effect, can absorb and change pollutant in water body simultaneously, improve the clean-up effect to water body further;Additionally, plantation cage 6 underfill has biological adsorption filler 7, the filler generation synergism of different pore size, it is possible to preferably remove pollutant.
It should be noted that above example is only in order to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model and unrestricted.Although this utility model being described in detail with reference to preferred embodiment, it will be understood by those within the art that, the technical scheme of utility model can be modified or equivalent, without deviating from the scope of technical solutions of the utility model, it all should be contained in right of the present utility model.

Claims (3)

1. a floating wetland, it is characterised in that include framework, bio-based filler, buoyancy structure and plant growing unit;
Described framework is square, and frame upper surface is equipped with one layer of geotextiles, and is provided with one group of plantation cage, and described plantation cage bottom portion is filled with biological adsorption filler;
Described bio-based filler is filled in lower portion, the hole that bio-based filler is arranged in including bio-based polyurethane filler and bio-based polyurethane filler;
Described buoyancy structure includes the ball float being positioned at framework bottom and is positioned at foam filled dose of framework internal upper part hole;
Described plant growing unit includes planting the emergent aquactic plant in the turf and plantation cage of geotextiles.
A kind of floating wetland the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the height of described framework is 10-50cm.
A kind of floating wetland the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described framework is made up of polyethylene or polypropylene or glass fiber reinforced plastic material.
CN201620354093.2U 2016-04-26 2016-04-26 Float wetland Active CN205653234U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620354093.2U CN205653234U (en) 2016-04-26 2016-04-26 Float wetland

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620354093.2U CN205653234U (en) 2016-04-26 2016-04-26 Float wetland

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108017154A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-05-11 广东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 A kind of preparation and its application of the compounded mix biological floating bed applied to combined type triple effect
CN108083444A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-05-29 陕西正大森立环境科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of floating wetland bionic filler
CN109231473A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-01-18 河南省海绵城市建设有限公司 A kind of polyurethane artificial floating island
CN111333260A (en) * 2020-03-09 2020-06-26 广州市环境保护工程设计院有限公司 Method and system for efficiently denitrifying landfill leachate
CN113044992A (en) * 2021-04-30 2021-06-29 江苏若焱环境设计有限公司 Floating wetland

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108017154A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-05-11 广东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 A kind of preparation and its application of the compounded mix biological floating bed applied to combined type triple effect
CN108017154B (en) * 2017-11-16 2020-03-31 广东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Preparation and application of composite filler applied to combined three-effect ecological floating bed
CN108083444A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-05-29 陕西正大森立环境科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of floating wetland bionic filler
CN109231473A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-01-18 河南省海绵城市建设有限公司 A kind of polyurethane artificial floating island
CN111333260A (en) * 2020-03-09 2020-06-26 广州市环境保护工程设计院有限公司 Method and system for efficiently denitrifying landfill leachate
CN113044992A (en) * 2021-04-30 2021-06-29 江苏若焱环境设计有限公司 Floating wetland

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Effective date of registration: 20180313

Address after: Tongsheng Road Development Zone 226010 Jiangsu city in Nantong Province, 188 block B No. four Jiangsu airuite Ecological Technology Co. Ltd.

Patentee after: JIANGSU AIRUITE ECOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD.

Address before: 226009 Jiangsu Province, Nantong City Lake Economic and Technological Development Zone, Road No. 1692 building 10 Yuan electric machine on the east side of the bottom

Patentee before: JIANGSU HINANO PRECISION ASSEMBLY Co.,Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20220812

Address after: 226400 a203-2, Haixin building, No. 111, Huanghe Road, Rudong County, Nantong City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Nantong Huanan Intelligent Technology Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 226010 Jiangsu arete Ecological Technology Co., Ltd., 4th floor, block B, 188 Tongsheng Avenue, Nantong Development Zone, Jiangsu Province

Patentee before: JIANGSU AIRUITE ECOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD.

TR01 Transfer of patent right