CN202785809U - Three-dimensional ecological purification floating bed - Google Patents

Three-dimensional ecological purification floating bed Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN202785809U
CN202785809U CN 201220400385 CN201220400385U CN202785809U CN 202785809 U CN202785809 U CN 202785809U CN 201220400385 CN201220400385 CN 201220400385 CN 201220400385 U CN201220400385 U CN 201220400385U CN 202785809 U CN202785809 U CN 202785809U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
floating bed
carrier
floatability
plant
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN 201220400385
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李安峰
徐文江
潘涛
董娜
骆坚平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beijing Municipal Research Institute of Environmental Protection
Original Assignee
Beijing Municipal Research Institute of Environmental Protection
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Beijing Municipal Research Institute of Environmental Protection filed Critical Beijing Municipal Research Institute of Environmental Protection
Priority to CN 201220400385 priority Critical patent/CN202785809U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202785809U publication Critical patent/CN202785809U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a three-dimensional ecological purification floating bed. The floating bed mainly comprises a floating bed carrier which floats on the water surface, wherein plants are grown on the floating bed carrier, and a floating artificial substrate of which the bottom end is fixed is located below the floating bed carrier. The three-dimensional ecological purification floating bed has the advantages that the purification effect is good, the landscape quality is high, the construction is easy, and the maintenance is convenient.

Description

A kind of stereo ecological purification floating bed
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the technical field that ecology synthesis is administered engineering, is suitable in the river course, lake and aquaculture system use.
Background technology
In recent years, biological floating bed technological development and application development are rapid.Research shows with application result, in the eutrophication water repair process, adopts biological floating bed can be so that a part of hydrocoles obtains the nature recovery or recovers under artificial assistance as pioneer's technology.The advantage of biological floating bed maximum is exactly directly to utilize the water body water surface area, does not take up an area in addition.The dense root system of plant can planar water in a large amount of suspended substances, but because root system is relatively slim and frahile, be unfavorable for the maintenance of a large amount of microorganisms, thereby, biological floating bed purification is main or by absorption and the sorption of root system, and the oxygen effect of secreting of root system of plant and root exudates can not be not fully exerted to the promoter action of microorganism growth.
The floatability artificial substratum mainly relies on the profuse microflora of enrichment species of stromal surface, comprises mushroom, algae, protozoon and metazoan, can carry out purifying treatment to water body.The bottom generally is fixed on the bottom.But the view of floatability artificial substratum in water body is relatively poor, particularly after it has adsorbed a large amount of microorganisms, extremely is unfavorable for the aesthetic property of water body.
Chinese patent ZL 200920208212.3 has proposed a kind of complex ecological floating bed, it comprises floating bed, stationary installation, be filled with the plant species phytyl in the floating bed, hang with hanging filler under it, floating bed places water body to be fixed on the shore protection by stationary installation, and floating bed comprises floating frame, support net, the support net is through wrapping up in the woven wire of moulding processing, it is made basket-shaped structure and is hung on the floating frame, and floating frame is the airtight floating frame of rectangle structure, and the support net corresponds to the rectangular parallelepiped basket shape that four edge breaks rise.Adopt rope to be connected between stationary installation and the floating frame, it comprises inner sleeve, outer tube, and inner sleeve is located in the outer tube, and outer tube has end to end chute, the inner sleeve of chute side is provided with the fixing catch that connects floating frame, and outer tube is fixed on the shore protection by fixed connecting piece.This apparatus structure is complicated, and because floating bed and hanging filler are fixed together, the disturbance of floating bed causes biomembranous coming off on the filler easily.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of stereo ecological purification floating bed, to improve the defective that exists in the known technology.
For achieving the above object, the stereo ecological clean-up bed that the utility model provides mainly comprises the floating bed carrier that swims on the water surface, plants on this floating bed carrier and is implanted with plant, is the fixing floatability artificial substratum in bottom under the floating bed carrier.
Described stereo ecological clean-up bed, wherein, the floating bed carrier is that a plurality of floating bed carrier monomers are interconnected to constitute.
Described stereo ecological clean-up bed, wherein, the floatability artificial substratum is one or both in bandage type filler and the climing ecological matrix of BDF type A Ke.
Described stereo ecological clean-up bed, wherein, every square metre of the plant density of planting on the floating bed carrier is 20~50 strains.
Described stereo ecological clean-up bed, wherein, the floating bed carrier on the floatability artificial substratum is 0.6~1.2m 2/ m 2
Described stereo ecological clean-up bed, wherein, the depth of water that the floating bed carrier is laid is no more than 1.0m.
Described stereo ecological clean-up bed, wherein, the height of floatability artificial substratum is lower than ordinary water level 0.1m.
Described stereo ecological clean-up bed, wherein, stay cord anchoring between floatability artificial substratum and the floating bed carrier.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1) the utility model can be given full play to the synergistic purification effect of plant and microorganism, and detergent power is strong.
2) landscape effect is good.
3) make up conveniently, be easy to promote.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is stereo ecological purification floating bed vertical view of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is along the sectional view of A-A line among Fig. 1.
Primary clustering nomenclature in the accompanying drawing:
1 floating bed carrier; 2 plants; 3 floatability artificial substratums.
Embodiment
The utility model is for improving biological floating bed purification efficiency, and considers the problems such as view, convenience, proposed a kind of stereo ecological purification floating bed.Shading by the stereo ecological purification floating bed, hold back, adsorb, the effect such as absorption, degraded, finish the purification of water quality process.
Stereo ecological purification floating bed of the present utility model comprises floating bed carrier and the plant of plantation and the floatability artificial substratum that the floating bed carrier is arranged below that swims on the water surface.
The floating bed carrier plays fixedly plant as the supporter of plant, and in addition, the floating bed carrier can splice various moulding, and landscape also has certain beautification function that blocks to the floatability artificial substratum below the carrier to a certain extent.
Root system of plant forms dense net in water, a large amount of suspended substance in the adsorbed water body, absorb the inorganic nutrient salts such as nitrogen phosphorus in the water body, the root system of plant surface also can form a certain amount of microbial film, in the film microorganism engulf with metabolic water in pollutent become inorganics, make its nutritive substance that becomes plant, be converted into the composition of vegetable cell by photosynthesis, promote its growth, reduce nutritive salt in the water by the harvesting plant at last.In addition, the plant of flourishing can effectively keep the sun off on the water surface, weakens the photosynthesis of algae, thereby suppresses algal grown.
The floatability artificial substratum, such as bandage type filler, the climing ecological matrix of BDF type A Ke etc., can cultivate abundant microorganism, after floatability artificial substratum and spatially organic blending of root system of plant, root system of plant can be realized " extension ", because the microbial biomass of root system contact obviously increases, the inorganics of utilizable microorganisms increases, and is conducive to promote the growth and breeding of plant; And the oxygen of plant root exudation enters in the artificial substratum, can accelerate microorganism to organic degraded in the water body, and simultaneously, secretions from plant roots namely helps microorganism colonization, can promote microbial reproduction again.By plant and the effect of helping each other of floatability artificial substratum mutual benefit, can give full play to the effectiveness of the two.
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is described further.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, stereo ecological purification floating bed of the present utility model comprises the floating bed carrier 1 and the plant 2 of plantation and the floatability artificial substratum 3 that the floating bed carrier is installed below that swim on the water surface.
Floating bed carrier 1 is interconnected to constitute by web members such as connector links by a plurality of floating bed carrier monomers, sliceablely goes out multiple moulding.Floating bed carrier monomer is generally the PE material, comes the plant of support plantation so that enough buoyancy to be provided.Because root system of plant limited length, when the depth of water is larger, root system is difficult to arrive lower floor in the water body, therefore the floatability artificial substratum 3 that is fixed on water bottom and root system of plant organically blending on just can not the implementation space, the mutual benefit of microorganism and plant the effect of helping each other is restricted, and is no more than 1.0m so the floating bed carrier is laid the regional depth of water.
The waterplant of plantation is iris, reed etc. on the floating bed carrier 1, with being fixed in the floating bed carrier behind the polyurethane sponge parcel.The density of water plant planting is 40 strains/m 2
Determine first the position before floating bed carrier 1 is installed, then place floatability artificial substratum 3, floatability artificial substratum 3 can be selected the climing ecological matrix of BDF type A Ke, and the height of floatability artificial substratum 3 is determined according to the depth of water, should be lower than ordinary water level 0.1m.It is 0.6m that the climing ecological matrix of BDF type A Ke is placed density 2/ m 2The floating bed carrier.
The climing ecological matrix of BDF type A Ke place complete after, the floating bed carrier is positioned over directly over it, and carries out the stay cord anchoring and process, but must rope be reserved suitable surplus according to the fluctuation of water table situation, avoid the unsettled rollover of floating bed carrier or do not have in the entry.

Claims (8)

1. a stereo ecological clean-up bed is characterized in that, mainly comprises:
Swim in the floating bed carrier on the water surface;
Plant on this floating bed carrier and be implanted with plant;
Floating bed carrier below is the fixing floatability artificial substratum in bottom.
2. stereo ecological clean-up bed according to claim 1, wherein, the floating bed carrier is that a plurality of floating bed carrier monomers are interconnected to constitute.
3. stereo ecological clean-up bed according to claim 1, wherein, the floatability artificial substratum is one or both in bandage type filler and the climing ecological matrix of BDF type A Ke.
4. stereo ecological clean-up bed according to claim 1, wherein, every square metre of the plant density of planting on the floating bed carrier is 20~50 strains.
5. according to claim 1 or 4 described stereo ecological clean-up beds, wherein, the floating bed carrier on the floatability artificial substratum is 0.6~1.2m 2/ m 2
6. stereo ecological clean-up bed according to claim 1, wherein, the depth of water that the floating bed carrier is laid is no more than 1.0m.
7. according to claim 1 or 3 described stereo ecological clean-up beds, wherein, the height of floatability artificial substratum is lower than ordinary water level 0.1m.
8. according to claim 1,3,5 or 7 described stereo ecological clean-up beds, wherein, stay cord anchoring between floatability artificial substratum and the floating bed carrier.
CN 201220400385 2012-08-13 2012-08-13 Three-dimensional ecological purification floating bed Active CN202785809U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220400385 CN202785809U (en) 2012-08-13 2012-08-13 Three-dimensional ecological purification floating bed

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220400385 CN202785809U (en) 2012-08-13 2012-08-13 Three-dimensional ecological purification floating bed

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202785809U true CN202785809U (en) 2013-03-13

Family

ID=47813115

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220400385 Active CN202785809U (en) 2012-08-13 2012-08-13 Three-dimensional ecological purification floating bed

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202785809U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103704113A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-04-09 苏州展业环保工程有限公司 Ecological dam device for aquaculture pollution control and ecological restoration
CN104609562A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-05-13 西安建筑科技大学 Multilayer three-dimensional ecological floating bed with hanging elastic packing
CN104671416A (en) * 2015-02-15 2015-06-03 中国科学院生态环境研究中心 Device for restoring eutrophic water
CN110937691A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-03-31 珠江水利委员会珠江水利科学研究院 Physical-biological eutrophic water bloom treatment method suitable for deep water reservoir

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103704113A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-04-09 苏州展业环保工程有限公司 Ecological dam device for aquaculture pollution control and ecological restoration
CN103704113B (en) * 2013-12-13 2015-11-11 苏州展业环保工程有限公司 For the ecological dam device of aquaculture Environmental capacity and restoration of the ecosystem
CN104609562A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-05-13 西安建筑科技大学 Multilayer three-dimensional ecological floating bed with hanging elastic packing
CN104671416A (en) * 2015-02-15 2015-06-03 中国科学院生态环境研究中心 Device for restoring eutrophic water
CN104671416B (en) * 2015-02-15 2016-12-07 中国科学院生态环境研究中心 Repair the device of eutrophication water
CN110937691A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-03-31 珠江水利委员会珠江水利科学研究院 Physical-biological eutrophic water bloom treatment method suitable for deep water reservoir

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN206278978U (en) Plant natural biology film complex ecological floating bed
CN104944593B (en) Submerged plant planting matrix and utilize submerged plant repair eutrophic water body device
CN105502670B (en) A kind of solid type floating bed-mattress combined type river water cleaning device
CN204474413U (en) Multifunctional stereo formula ecological floating island
CN202785809U (en) Three-dimensional ecological purification floating bed
CN205061667U (en) Little aeration water purification device
CN205170507U (en) Ecological floating island
CN205472954U (en) Three -dimensional type floats bed - mattress combination formula river water purification installation
CN203668116U (en) Plant and microorganism combined ecological submerging bed
CN203021359U (en) Planting device of floating plants in running water
CN204317281U (en) A kind of box fish and vegetable symbiotic cultivating system
CN101990833A (en) Submerged plant seedling-raising device and application thereof in biologic ecosystem restoration of water body
CN205653234U (en) Float wetland
CN205170504U (en) Three -dimensional ecological bed that floats
CN104609562A (en) Multilayer three-dimensional ecological floating bed with hanging elastic packing
CN102986568B (en) Demersal shellfish culturing device
CN203683234U (en) Submerged plant modular growth bed
CN202625931U (en) Purification device for ecological recovery of water body
CN204162511U (en) Nursery is biological floating bed
CN203985221U (en) Removable submerged plant lawn piece implant bed
CN103663714A (en) Double-layer net bed for repairing water by planting submerged plants and water repairing method
CN209098317U (en) It is a kind of novel biologic float bed
CN101544424B (en) Combined biological floating bed for purifying water quality
CN206590962U (en) High-biomass ecological floating island with feeding function
CN206156868U (en) A biological bed that floats for reddening fin east Tetraodontidae integrated culture system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant