CN205005481U - Garlic harvester - Google Patents

Garlic harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205005481U
CN205005481U CN201520610866.4U CN201520610866U CN205005481U CN 205005481 U CN205005481 U CN 205005481U CN 201520610866 U CN201520610866 U CN 201520610866U CN 205005481 U CN205005481 U CN 205005481U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
tooth
gauge wheel
transmission case
disk cutter
arm
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520610866.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
侯加林
吴彦强
李天华
耿爱军
刘中正
刘敬伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Agricultural University
Original Assignee
Shandong Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong Agricultural University filed Critical Shandong Agricultural University
Priority to CN201520610866.4U priority Critical patent/CN205005481U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205005481U publication Critical patent/CN205005481U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a garlic harvester, including engine, frame, control system, transmission case, reduction gear, drive wheel and tooth -like concave disk cutting knife results system, tooth -like concave disk cutting knife results system includes cross axle, bevel gear, arbor and tooth -like concave disk cutting knife, tooth -like concave disk cutting knife symmetrical arrangement is in crossbearer both sides and revolve to on the contrary, while rotate under the drive of arbor and advance, the tailstock lower extreme has the gauge wheel support through threaded connection, and the gauge wheel is installed in gauge wheel support below, through the buried depth who rotates the adjustable gauge wheel height of gauge wheel adjustment handle, control tooth formula concave disk cutting knife. The utility model discloses a tooth -like concave disk cutting knife is neither hindered the garlic and can effectively be reduced the soil resistance again while rotating the operating type who cuts off the garlic root, and soil adaptability is good, can be applicable to the different soil operation.

Description

A kind of garlic digging harvester
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of garlic digging harvester, belong to agricultural machinery technological field.
(2) background technology
China is the maximum garlic producing country in the whole world, country of consumption and exported country, and garlic production history is long, best in quality, and domestic garlic is deeply by domestic and international consumers, and international market occupy volume is very large.Consumption structure, export structure constantly adjust and optimize dual pull under, garlic industry becomes extremely potential rising industry and foreign currency earning industry just gradually.
Garlic is labour-intensive raise crop, harvest operation is the important step of its production process, exist manual work labour intensity large, take many, the problem such as harvest season property is strong, yield loss is large, efficiency is low in farming season, become the subject matter affecting garlic production development, Industry growth.Existing garlic digging harvester often adopts digger blade oscillatory type to gather in the crops, dig modes such as pulling out combined type combining, and the former inevitably to damage garlic due to digger blade in results process, and it is high to hinder garlic rate; Latter techniques is immature, and facility are huge, too fat to move, expensive, is not suitable for self-employed farmer and uses.And most of facility are poor for applicability, some facility operation effectiveness in sand soil is good, and in glutinous loam ground, operation effectiveness is poor, even can not operation; Some facility lacks self-clean device, and easily causing mulch film and garlic seedling to pile up on facility and being wound around affects operation quality, even cisco unity malfunction.
More external comparatively ripe production technology and equipments, because expensive and its production model, operating environment and China there are differences, be difficult to the actual demand adapting to China's production.Therefore, develop and be applicable to domestic garlic mechanized harvest equipment, to accelerating China's garlic mechanization production and promoting that garlic industry development has important practical significance.
(3) summary of the invention
The present invention aims to provide a kind of garlic digging harvester, and what make up that prior art exists is short of power, hinders the problems such as garlic, mulch film and garlic seedling block up, facility bad adaptability, and facility are simple, cost is low, can save manpower, raise labour productivity.The present invention, to different soils, different land use patterns strong adaptability, can realize continuous, efficient, precisely operation.
A kind of garlic digging harvester, comprises engine, frame, control system, transmission case, decelerator, driving wheel and tooth-like spheric disk cutter harvesting system;
Described frame comprises left and right frame, crossbearer and tailstock, is arranged in the frame of left and right before and after engine, transmission case and decelerator successively; Described transmission case is connected by belt with engine; The power shaft of described decelerator is connected by chain with transmission case; Described driving wheel is arranged on the left and right semiaxis below transmission case; Described crossbearer is arranged on left and right frame rear end; Described tailstock is arranged on the rear portion in the middle of crossbearer;
Described tooth-like spheric disk cutter harvesting system comprises transverse axis, bevel gear, cutter shaft and tooth-like spheric disk cutter; Described transverse axis is fixed on above crossbearer by rolling bearing units are parallel, and described transverse axis is connected by chain with reducer output shaft; Described cutter shaft is arranged in transverse axis both sides on crossbearer by rolling bearing units symmetry; Each cutter shaft upper end is connected by bevel gear with transverse axis, and cutter shaft lower end is connected with tooth-like spheric disk cutter; Two tooth-like spheric disk cutter rotation directions are contrary, rotate and advance under the drive of cutter shaft;
Described control system comprises arm-rest frame, arm-rest frame transfer, left and right turn clutch regulating handle, throttle adjustment handle, gearshift reversing arrangement, gear lever, gauge wheel regulating handle; Described arm-rest frame transfer is arranged on above transmission case; Described arm-rest frame and arm-rest frame transfer hinged; Described gearshift reversing arrangement is arranged on transmission case shift fork side; Described gear lever coordinates with gearshift reversing arrangement; Described left and right turn clutch regulating handle is arranged on arm-rest frame two side grip respectively; The left and right turn Clutch Control shift fork of described left and right turn clutch regulating handle connection for transmission case, by the opening and closing regulating left and right turn clutch regulating handle to control left and right steering cluth, and then controls connection and the disconnection of driving wheel power; Described throttle adjustment handle is arranged on arm-rest frame crossbeam, described throttle adjustment handle connecting engine throttle; Described gauge wheel regulating handle is arranged on gauge wheel support;
Described tooth-like spheric disk cutter is spherical cap shape, and its upper surface is sphere, its lower surface upwards surface direction indent spherically, tooth-like spheric disk cutter edge outer rim is provided with saw shape tooth, saw shape tooth is processed with cutting edge, and blade angle is 15 °-20 °; Become 8 ° of-15 ° of angles to be inclined upwardly inside tooth-like spheric disk cutter to install with ground, after namely installing, the inner side that two tooth-like spheric disk cutteves are relative is liftoff, and ground is pasted in outside, and tooth-like spheric disk cutter bottom surface and ground form 8 ° of-15 ° of angles.
Described transmission case is provided with left and right steering cluth, controls turning to of driving wheel, turn to more convenient by described left and right two steering cluth regulating handles.
Described tailstock lower end has been threaded connection depth stop wheel support, and gauge wheel is arranged on below gauge wheel support; Above gauge wheel support, upper end is provided with leading screw, and gauge wheel regulating handle is mobilizable to be arranged on leading screw; By rotating the adjustable gauge wheel height of gauge wheel regulating handle, control the embedded depth of tooth-like spheric disk cutter.
Adopt the present invention can obtain following beneficial effect:
1. the present invention adopts tooth-like spheric disk cutter to rotate while cut off the operating type of garlic root, and neither hinder garlic and can effectively reduce soil resistance again, soil suitability is good, goes for different soils operation.
2. the present invention adopts the transmission case with steering cluth, and can realize easily turning to by the steering cluth joystick on manipulation arm-rest frame, farm work is practical.
3. structure of the present invention is simple, low cost of manufacture, and each accessory is easy to process, and efficiency of crop is high, and results quality is good.
(4) accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is overall structure figure mono-of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is overall structure figure bis-of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is front view of the present invention;
In figure: 1. engine, 2. frame about, 3. deceleration chain, 4. transmission case, 5. driving wheel, 6. support bar, 7. driven wheel of differential, 8. cutter shaft, 9. crossbearer, 10. rolling bearing units one, 11. profile of tooth spheric disk cutteves, 12. gauge wheel supports, 13. gauge wheels, 14. tailstocks, 15. drive bevel gear, 16. gauge wheel regulating handles, 17. transverse axis, 18. rolling bearing units two, 19. bevel gear guard boxs, 20. driving chains, 21. decelerators, 22. left and right turn clutch regulating handles, 23. throttle adjustment handles, 24. gear levers, 25. arm-rest frames, 26. arm-rest frame transfers, 27. drive sprockets one, 28. driven sprockets one, 29. small pulleys, 30.V type band, 31. large belt wheels, 32. gearshift reversing arrangements, 33. drive sprockets two, 34. driven sprockets two.
(5) concrete embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment, the present invention will be further described.
Garlic digging harvester of the present invention, comprise engine 1, frame, control system, transmission case 4, decelerator 21, driving wheel 5 and tooth-like spheric disk cutter harvesting system, described frame comprises left and right frame 2, crossbearer 9 and tailstock 14, left and right frame 2 is provided with engine 1 above front end, transmission case 4 is installed in the middle part of left and right frame 2, left and right frame 2 rear is provided with decelerator 21, be connected by V-type band 30 with engine 1 above described transmission case 4, described decelerator 21 power shaft is connected by deceleration chain 3 with transmission case 4, below described transmission case 4, driving wheel 5 is installed, described crossbearer 9 is arranged on left and right frame 2 rear, described tailstock 14 is arranged on crossbearer 9 postmedian, described tooth-like spheric disk cutter harvesting system comprises transverse axis 17, bevel gear, cutter shaft 8, tooth-like spheric disk cutter 11, described transverse axis 17 is fixed on above crossbearer 9 by rolling bearing units (2) 18, described transverse axis 9 is connected by driving chain 20 with decelerator 21 output shaft, described cutter shaft 8 is arranged in crossbearer 9 both sides by rolling bearing units (1) 10 symmetry, its top is connected by drive bevel gear 15 and driven wheel of differential 7 with transverse axis 17, and its underpart is connected with tooth-like spheric disk cutter 11 respectively, described control system comprises arm-rest frame 25, arm-rest frame transfer 26, left and right turn clutch regulating handle 22, throttle adjustment handle 23, gearshift reversing arrangement 32, gear lever 24, gauge wheel regulating handle 16, described arm-rest frame transfer 26 is arranged on above transmission case 4, described arm-rest frame 25 is hinged with arm-rest frame transfer 26, the supporting transmission case 4 that is arranged on of described gearshift reversing arrangement 32 has shift fork side, described gear lever 24 coordinates with gearshift reversing arrangement 32, described left and right turn clutch regulating handle 22 is arranged on arm-rest frame 25 liang of side grips respectively, described throttle adjustment handle 23 is arranged on arm-rest frame 25 crossbeam, and described gauge wheel regulating handle 16 is arranged on gauge wheel support 12.
Described two tooth-like spheric disk cutter 11 symmetries be arranged in frame both sides and rotation direction is contrary, rotate while advance under the drive of cutter shaft 8, described tooth-like spheric disk cutter 11 is spherical cap shape, its upper surface is sphere, upwards surface direction indent is spherically for its lower surface, tooth-like spheric disk cutter 11 edge outer rim is provided with saw shape tooth, and saw shape tooth is processed with cutting edge, and blade angle is 15 °-20 °; Become 8 ° of-15 ° of angles to be inclined upwardly inside tooth-like spheric disk cutter 11 to install with ground, after namely installing, the inner side that two tooth-like spheric disk cutteves 11 are relative is liftoff, and ground is pasted in outside, and tooth-like spheric disk cutter 11 bottom surface and ground form 8 ° of-15 ° of angles.
Described transmission case 4 is provided with steering cluth, with driving wheel 5 with the use of, control turning to of left and right sidesing driving wheel 5 by two, described left and right steering cluth regulating handle 22, turn to more convenient.
Described gauge wheel support 12 is threaded connection with tailstock 14, by rotating adjustable gauge wheel 13 height of gauge wheel regulating handle 16, thus controls the embedded depth of tooth-like spheric disk cutter 11.
Described a kind of garlic digging harvester, can arrange support bar 6 and connect left and right frame and transmission case 4, for increasing intensity, improve frame stressed below left and right frame 2.
Before using, rotating gauge wheel regulating handle 16 regulates gauge wheel 13 highly to adapt to gather in the crops needs, and during use, an engine 1 power part drives driving wheel 5 to walk, a part drives tooth-like spheric disk cutter 11 to rotate, and each driving wheel 5 is walked in two row garlics in the ranks; The present invention once can gather in the crops four lines garlic, the tooth-like spheric disk cutter 11 rotated tilts to bury to cut off garlic root palpus, garlic rises along the sphere of tooth-like spheric disk cutter 11, realize native garlic to be separated, reach garlic results object, hold left and right turn clutch regulating handle 22 when the edge of a field turns to and carry out left and right turn.
Finally it should be noted that above embodiment only for illustration of technical scheme of the present invention but not limiting the scope of the invention.Although be explained in detail the present invention with reference to preferred embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art should be appreciated that and can modify to technical scheme of the present invention or equivalent replacement, and does not depart from essence and the scope of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a garlic digging harvester, is characterized in that comprising engine, frame, control system, transmission case, decelerator, driving wheel and tooth-like spheric disk cutter;
Described frame comprises left and right frame, crossbearer and tailstock, is arranged in the frame of left and right before and after engine, transmission case and decelerator successively; Described transmission case is connected by belt with engine; The power shaft of described decelerator is connected by chain with transmission case; Described driving wheel is arranged on the left and right semiaxis of transmission case; Described crossbearer is arranged on left and right frame rear end; Described tailstock is arranged on the rear portion in the middle of crossbearer;
Described tooth-like spheric disk cutter harvesting system comprises transverse axis, bevel gear, cutter shaft and tooth-like spheric disk cutter; Described transverse axis is fixed on above crossbearer by rolling bearing units are parallel, and described transverse axis is connected by chain with reducer output shaft; Described cutter shaft is arranged in transverse axis both sides on crossbearer by rolling bearing units symmetry; Each cutter shaft upper end is connected by bevel gear with transverse axis, and cutter shaft lower end is connected with tooth-like spheric disk cutter; Two tooth-like spheric disk cutter rotation directions are contrary;
Described control system comprises arm-rest frame, arm-rest frame transfer, left and right turn clutch regulating handle, throttle adjustment handle, gearshift reversing arrangement, gear lever and gauge wheel regulating handle; Described arm-rest frame transfer is arranged on above transmission case; Described arm-rest frame and arm-rest frame transfer hinged; Described gearshift reversing arrangement is arranged on transmission case shift fork side; Described gear lever coordinates with gearshift reversing arrangement; Described left and right turn clutch regulating handle is arranged on arm-rest frame two side grip respectively; The left and right turn Clutch Control shift fork of described left and right turn clutch regulating handle connection for transmission case, by the opening and closing regulating left and right turn clutch regulating handle to control left and right steering cluth, and then controls connection and the disconnection of driving wheel power; Described throttle adjustment handle is arranged on arm-rest frame crossbeam, described throttle adjustment handle connecting engine throttle; Described gauge wheel regulating handle is arranged on gauge wheel support;
Described tooth-like spheric disk cutter is spherical cap shape, and its upper surface is sphere, its lower surface upwards surface direction indent spherically, tooth-like spheric disk cutter edge outer rim is provided with saw shape tooth, saw shape tooth is processed with cutting edge, and blade angle is 15 °-20 °; Become 8 ° ~ 15 ° angles to be inclined upwardly inside tooth-like spheric disk cutter to install with ground;
Described tailstock lower end has been threaded connection depth stop wheel support, and gauge wheel is arranged on below gauge wheel support; Above gauge wheel support, upper end is provided with leading screw, and gauge wheel regulating handle is mobilizable to be arranged on leading screw; By rotating the adjustable gauge wheel height of gauge wheel regulating handle, control the embedded depth of tooth-like spheric disk cutter.
CN201520610866.4U 2015-08-13 2015-08-13 Garlic harvester Expired - Fee Related CN205005481U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520610866.4U CN205005481U (en) 2015-08-13 2015-08-13 Garlic harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520610866.4U CN205005481U (en) 2015-08-13 2015-08-13 Garlic harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205005481U true CN205005481U (en) 2016-02-03

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ID=55204124

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520610866.4U Expired - Fee Related CN205005481U (en) 2015-08-13 2015-08-13 Garlic harvester

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105103766A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-12-02 山东农业大学 Garlic harvester

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105103766A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-12-02 山东农业大学 Garlic harvester

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160203

Termination date: 20160813

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee