CN204837968U - Multi -functional solar energy tobacco flue -curing house - Google Patents

Multi -functional solar energy tobacco flue -curing house Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204837968U
CN204837968U CN201520483209.8U CN201520483209U CN204837968U CN 204837968 U CN204837968 U CN 204837968U CN 201520483209 U CN201520483209 U CN 201520483209U CN 204837968 U CN204837968 U CN 204837968U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
flue
tobacco
curing house
blower fan
cured tobacco
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520483209.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈伟贤
王萍
郭俊杰
许晓晋
刘林
陈永明
陈泽鹏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GUANGDONG TOBACCO MEIZHOU Co Ltd
NANXIONG SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF GUANGDONG TOBACCO
SHENZHEN SAIWEIWO TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
China National Tobacco Corp Guangdong Branch
Original Assignee
GUANGDONG TOBACCO MEIZHOU Co Ltd
NANXIONG SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF GUANGDONG TOBACCO
SHENZHEN SAIWEIWO TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
China National Tobacco Corp Guangdong Branch
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by GUANGDONG TOBACCO MEIZHOU Co Ltd, NANXIONG SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF GUANGDONG TOBACCO, SHENZHEN SAIWEIWO TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd, China National Tobacco Corp Guangdong Branch filed Critical GUANGDONG TOBACCO MEIZHOU Co Ltd
Priority to CN201520483209.8U priority Critical patent/CN204837968U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204837968U publication Critical patent/CN204837968U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a tobacco -baking equipment's technical field, more specifically relates to a multi -functional solar energy tobacco flue -curing house. A multi -functional solar energy tobacco flue -curing house, hot -blast room lower part is close to the air intake and is equipped with first fan, the relative department of flue -cured tobacco chamber lower part and first fan be equipped with the second fan to the up -draught, hang the cigarette frame including the montant of vertical setting, the horizontal horizontal pole that sets up, the montant on be equipped with the joint portion of a plurality of joint horizontal poles, still be equipped with solar power system on the tobacco flue -curing house roof, being equipped with temperature and humidity detection device in the flue -cured tobacco chamber, still being equipped with the main control system on the tobacco flue -curing house, the main control system passes through the cable and is connected with temperature and humidity detection device, heating device, first fan, second fan, solar power system respectively. Solar power system can supply power for the electrical equipment in the tobacco flue -curing house, reduces the consumer investment, and very environmental protection moreover reduces and synthesizes the power consumption cost. But automated control has realized full -automatic intelligent flue -cured tobacco.

Description

A kind of multifuctional solar tobacco flue-curing house
Technical field
The utility model relates to the technical field of flue-cured tobacco equipment, more specifically, relates to a kind of multifuctional solar tobacco flue-curing house.
Background technology
Tobacco flue-curing house is indispensable basic equipment in cured tobacco production.Tobacco flue-curing house, after interior baking modulation, just shows the distinctive color of flue-cured tobacco, type, becomes the quality raw materials meeting cigarette industry needs.Its general principle is after tobacco leaf is heated, and the moisture in tobacco leaf is discharged, and is discharged outside tobacco flue-curing house, thus makes tobacco leaf scalding, drying after moisture vaporization.
Existing smoke hanging shelf can not adjust, make user hang tobacco leaf and collect tobacco leaf process in inconvenient.And effectively can not utilize solar energy resources.And to the inadequate automation of the control of tobacco flue-curing house.
Summary of the invention
The utility model, for overcoming at least one defect described in above-mentioned prior art, provides a kind of multifuctional solar tobacco flue-curing house, and its structure is simple, easy to use, and effectively utilizes solar energy resources, and can Automated condtrol.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of multifuctional solar tobacco flue-curing house, wherein, comprise the hot air chamber being provided with heater, the flue-cured tobacco room being provided with smoke hanging shelf, form cycle flue by air inlet and return air inlet between flue-cured tobacco room and hot air chamber, described heater connects heat exchanger tube;
Described hot air chamber bottom is provided with the first blower fan near air inlet, and described bottom, flue-cured tobacco room and the opposite position of the first blower fan are provided with the second blower fan to up-draught; Described smoke hanging shelf comprises the vertical montant of setting, the cross bar of horizontally set, and described montant is provided with the Access Division of multiple clamping cross bar;
Roof is also provided with device of solar generating to tobacco flue-curing house;
Described flue-cured tobacco indoor are provided with temperature-humidity detecting device, and tobacco flue-curing house is also provided with main control system, and main control system is connected with temperature-humidity detecting device, heater, the first blower fan, the second blower fan, device of solar generating respectively by cable.
Device of solar generating can be powered for the electric equipment in tobacco flue-curing house, reduces electrical equipment investment, and very environmental protection, reduces comprehensive electric cost.
In the utility model, air inlet aimed at by the first blower fan, make hot blast blow to flue-cured tobacco room from hot air chamber, and the sidewall bottom of flue-cured tobacco room is located at by the second blower fan, makes to accelerate to rise from the hot blast of the first blower fan blowout in side-walls, then is back in hot air chamber by return air inlet.
In the utility model, be air-flow ascending manner tobacco flue-curing house, the air of flue-cured tobacco indoor moves from bottom to top and carries out damp and hot exchange with tobacco leaf; Certainly, change the position of blower fan and can change into airflow descending type compression tobacco flue-curing house, the air of flue-cured tobacco indoor is moved from top to bottom and carries out damp and hot exchange with tobacco leaf, the conversion of above-mentioned position is also in protection domain of the present utility model.In addition, also can reduce the quantity of blower fan according to actual needs, as long as ensure the circulating effect of air.
In addition, in the utility model, room body can adopt brick mix structure or movable board room structure, and the benefit of brick mix structure is that its rugged construction is stablized, and can resist various abiogenous accident, and the carrying out baking of tobacco leaf Absorbable organic halogens is preserved.
And adopt the benefit of movable board room structure to be to facilitate installing/dismounting, because tobacco flue-curing house is generally built in the place near tobacco leaf growth, and consider the situation of soil, disease and pest, nutrient balance, the rule of a crop rotation in 3 years is generally followed in the growth of tobacco leaf, when earth complete one season cigarette production after, be likely not suitable for the growth of tobacco leaf, therefore, adopt movable board room structure entirety to move, meet the actual needs of production, improve the utilization rate of tobacco flue-curing house; The more important thing is and improve land utilization ratio, make soil can obtain rational layout, transfer to the place of production from unproductive place, improve the utilization rate of resource.
In addition, the length due to tobacco leaf is generally 60-70cm, and the number of plies that cross bar is arranged is 3-4 layer.In tobacco flue-curing house, be also provided with small generator, for standby, prevent solar powered inadequate.
And montant is provided with the Access Division of multiple clamping cross bar, during use, tobacco leaf is fixedly hung on cross bar, and after being provided with Access Division, cross bar can be connected to the position of differing heights on montant, adapt to the requirement of different size and size tobacco leaf, made tobacco leaf drop on the ground after fixation.In addition, Height Adjustable owing to being provided with Access Division rear transverse rod, make user hang tobacco leaf and collect tobacco leaf process in convenient, during as hung tobacco leaf, first cross bar can be connected to the position meeting user's height, after fixedly mounting, then this cross bar is adjusted to other height and position by instrument, the process collecting tobacco leaf is also similar.
Further, be the inclined-plane of the first blower fan wind direction far-end higher than near-end bottom described flue-cured tobacco room.The design of flue-cured tobacco room bottom bevel better can guide the rising of flue gas stream.
Further, described Access Division is around being located at montant circumferential exterior.More convenient during the installation cross bar being like this, the position of cross bar can be regulated at any time.
Further, described flue-cured tobacco room sidewall is provided with moisture exhausting port.Described moisture exhausting port is provided with dehumidifier.Along with the raising of baking efficiency, flue-cured tobacco room arranges corresponding moisture exhausting port and dehumidifier can improve hydrofuge performance.
Further, described device of solar generating comprises photovoltaic battery panel, the charging-discharging controller be connected with photovoltaic battery panel, the battery be connected with charging-discharging controller, the DC/AC inverter that is connected with charging-discharging controller, and DC/AC inverter connects AC load.
The electricity that photovoltaic battery panel produces is by charging-discharging controller and DC/AC inverter for AC load provides electric power, and in the non-electric situation of AC load, this electricity input battery is for subsequent use.In the utility model, AC load is the first blower fan, the second blower fan, dehumidifier etc.
Dehumidifier also passes through cable connection control main frame, in the utility model; Main control system is a controller that microcomputer chip is housed, the humiture input control main frame that temperature-humidity detecting device detects, by the switch control rule to heater, the first blower fan, the second blower fan, dehumidifier, device of solar generating, reach and precisely control is carried out to the temperature and humidity of flue-cured tobacco indoor, this main control system has semiautomatic control and expert curve controls two kinds of functions automatically, semiautomatic control is set accordingly by row during the temperature and humidity of flue-cured tobacco people to barn, and all the other control flue-cured tobacco automatically by computer.Expert curve controls to be select expert curve by flue-cured tobacco people automatically, and the flue-cured tobacco curve through expert's setting by internal memory regulates wet temp to complete whole flue-cured tobacco process by main control system automatically, achieves fully-automatic intelligent flue-cured tobacco.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effect is: the flue gas stream of the utility model by ascending manner and the setting of cooperation flue gas water conservancy diversion, thus promotes flue gas recirculation speed, and the efficiency of tobacco flue-curing and quality are improved significantly.And after being provided with Access Division, cross bar can be connected to the position of differing heights on montant, adapt to the requirement of different size and size tobacco leaf, made tobacco leaf drop on the ground after fixation.In addition, Height Adjustable owing to being provided with Access Division rear transverse rod, make user hang tobacco leaf and collect tobacco leaf process in convenient.
Device of solar generating can be powered for the electric equipment in tobacco flue-curing house, reduces electrical equipment investment, and very environmental protection, reduces comprehensive electric cost.And can Automated condtrol, achieve fully-automatic intelligent flue-cured tobacco.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model overall structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is the utility model smoke hanging shelf structural representation.
Fig. 3 is the utility model montant cross section structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the utility model device of solar generating schematic diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
Accompanying drawing, only for exemplary illustration, can not be interpreted as the restriction to this patent; In order to better the present embodiment is described, some parts of accompanying drawing have omission, zoom in or out, and do not represent the size of actual product; To those skilled in the art, in accompanying drawing, some known features and explanation thereof may be omitted is understandable.Describe position relationship in accompanying drawing only for exemplary illustration, the restriction to this patent can not be interpreted as.
As Figure 1-4, a kind of multifuctional solar tobacco flue-curing house, wherein, comprises the hot air chamber 2 being provided with heater 4, the flue-cured tobacco room 1 being provided with smoke hanging shelf 3, form cycle flue by air inlet 5 and return air inlet 6 between flue-cured tobacco room 1 and hot air chamber 2, heater 4 connects heat exchanger tube 7;
Hot air chamber 2 bottom is provided with the first blower fan 9 near air inlet 5, and the opposite position of bottom, flue-cured tobacco room 1 and the first blower fan 9 is provided with the second blower fan 91 to up-draught; Smoke hanging shelf 3 comprises the vertical montant 31 of setting, the cross bar 32 of horizontally set, and montant 31 is provided with the Access Division 311 of multiple clamping cross bar 32;
Tobacco flue-curing house roof is also provided with device of solar generating 01;
Be provided with temperature-humidity detecting device 02 in flue-cured tobacco room 1, tobacco flue-curing house is also provided with main control system 03, main control system 03 is connected with temperature-humidity detecting device 02, heater 4, first blower fan 9, second blower fan 91, device of solar generating 01 respectively by cable.
In the present embodiment, air inlet 5 aimed at by first blower fan 9, make hot blast blow to flue-cured tobacco room 1 from hot air chamber 2, and the sidewall bottom of flue-cured tobacco room 1 is located at by the second blower fan 91, make the hot blast blown out from the first blower fan 9 accelerate to rise in side-walls, then be back in hot air chamber 2 by return air inlet 6.
And montant 31 is provided with the Access Division 311 of multiple clamping cross bar, during use, tobacco leaf is fixedly hung on cross bar 32, and after being provided with Access Division 311, cross bar can be connected to the position of differing heights on montant, adapt to the requirement of different size and size tobacco leaf, made tobacco leaf drop on the ground after fixation.In addition, Height Adjustable owing to being provided with Access Division 311 rear transverse rod, make user hang tobacco leaf and collect tobacco leaf process in convenient, during as hung tobacco leaf, first cross bar can be connected to the position meeting user's height, after fixedly mounting, then this cross bar is adjusted to other height and position by instrument, the process collecting tobacco leaf is also similar.
In the present embodiment, be the inclined-plane of the first blower fan 9 wind direction far-end higher than near-end bottom flue-cured tobacco room 1.Access Division 311 is around being located at montant 31 circumferential exterior.Flue-cured tobacco room 1 sidewall is provided with moisture exhausting port 10.Moisture exhausting port 10 is provided with dehumidifier 11.
The design of flue-cured tobacco room 1 bottom bevel better can guide the rising of flue gas stream.Access Division 311 is more convenient around being located at when montant 31 circumferential exterior makes to install cross bar, can regulate the position of cross bar at any time.Along with the raising of baking efficiency, flue-cured tobacco room 1 arranges corresponding moisture exhausting port 10 and dehumidifier 11 can improve hydrofuge performance.
Device of solar generating 01 comprises photovoltaic battery panel 101, the charging-discharging controller 102 be connected with photovoltaic battery panel 101, the battery 105 be connected with charging-discharging controller 102, the DC/AC inverter 103 that is connected with charging-discharging controller 102, and DC/AC inverter 103 connects AC load 104.
The electricity that photovoltaic battery panel 101 produces is by charging-discharging controller 102 and DC/AC inverter 103 for AC load 104 provides electric power, and in the non-electric situation of AC load 104, this electricity input battery 105 is for subsequent use.In the utility model, AC load 104 is the first blower fan 9, second blower fan 91, dehumidifier 11 etc.
Dehumidifier 11 also passes through cable connection control main frame 03, in the utility model; Main control system 03 is a controller that microcomputer chip is housed, the humiture input control main frame 03 that temperature-humidity detecting device 02 detects, by the switch control rule to heater 4, first blower fan 9, second blower fan 91, dehumidifier 11, device of solar generating 01, reach and precisely control is carried out to the temperature and humidity of flue-cured tobacco indoor, this main control system has semiautomatic control and expert curve controls two kinds of functions automatically, semiautomatic control is set accordingly by row during the temperature and humidity of flue-cured tobacco people to barn, and all the other control flue-cured tobacco automatically by computer.Expert curve controls to be select expert curve by flue-cured tobacco people automatically, and the flue-cured tobacco curve through expert's setting by internal memory regulates wet temp to complete whole flue-cured tobacco process by main control system automatically, achieves fully-automatic intelligent flue-cured tobacco.Device of solar generating 01 also can be main control system and temperature-humidity detecting device provides electric energy.
Operation principle: first add fuel in heater 4, after heat exchanger tube 7 is heated, flue gas in hot air chamber 2 around heat exchanger tube 7 is heated, then the first blower fan 9 rotates the flue gas of rear formation negative pressuren zone attraction heating and enters into flue-cured tobacco room 1 by air inlet 5, under the guide functions on inclined-plane 8, flue gas rises fast, second blower fan 91 accelerates the rate of climb, tobacco leaf in smoke hanging shelf 3 is toasted, moisture in tobacco leaf is evaporated, moisture after vaporization is discharged by auxiliary moisture exhausting port 10, remaining flue gas is then got back to hot air chamber 2 by return air inlet 6 and is again heated by heat-transfer pipe 7, the steam of the non-emptying of part is also discharged by the moisture exhausting port (not shown) of hot air chamber simultaneously, then the flue gas heated again attract by negative pressuren zone, thus cycle flue is defined between hot air chamber 2 and flue-cured tobacco room 1, tobacco leaf is constantly toasted.Because the moisture exhausting port of auxiliary moisture exhausting port 10 and hot air chamber has discharged partial fume, therefore in hot air chamber, stably can supplement flue gas, make the exhaust gas volumn in tobacco flue-curing house and temperature can both keep stable.
Obviously, above-described embodiment of the present utility model is only for the utility model example is clearly described, and is not the restriction to embodiment of the present utility model.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description.Here exhaustive without the need to also giving all embodiments.All do within spirit of the present utility model and principle any amendment, equivalent to replace and improvement etc., within the protection domain that all should be included in the utility model claim.

Claims (6)

1. a multifuctional solar tobacco flue-curing house, it is characterized in that, comprise the hot air chamber (2) being provided with heater (4), the flue-cured tobacco room (1) being provided with smoke hanging shelf (3), form cycle flue by air inlet (5) and return air inlet (6) between flue-cured tobacco room (1) and hot air chamber (2), described heater (4) connects heat exchanger tube (7);
Described hot air chamber (2) bottom is provided with the first blower fan (9) near air inlet (5), and described (1) bottom, flue-cured tobacco room and the opposite position of the first blower fan (9) are provided with the second blower fan (91) to up-draught; Described smoke hanging shelf (3) comprises the vertical montant (31) of setting, the cross bar (32) of horizontally set, and described montant (31) is provided with the Access Division (311) of multiple clamping cross bar (32);
Tobacco flue-curing house roof is also provided with device of solar generating (01);
Temperature-humidity detecting device (02) is provided with in described flue-cured tobacco room (1), tobacco flue-curing house is also provided with main control system (03), main control system (03) is connected with temperature-humidity detecting device (02), heater (4), the first blower fan (9), the second blower fan (91), device of solar generating (01) respectively by cable.
2. a kind of multifuctional solar tobacco flue-curing house according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described bottom, flue-cured tobacco room (1) is the inclined-plane of the first blower fan (9) wind direction far-end higher than near-end.
3. a kind of multifuctional solar tobacco flue-curing house according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described Access Division (311) is around being located at montant (31) circumferential exterior.
4. a kind of multifuctional solar tobacco flue-curing house according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described flue-cured tobacco room (1) sidewall is provided with moisture exhausting port (10).
5. a kind of multifuctional solar tobacco flue-curing house according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described moisture exhausting port (10) is provided with dehumidifier (11).
6. according to the arbitrary described a kind of multifuctional solar tobacco flue-curing house of claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that: described device of solar generating (01) comprises photovoltaic battery panel (101), the charging-discharging controller (102) be connected with photovoltaic battery panel (101), the battery (105) be connected with charging-discharging controller (102), the DC/AC inverter (103) that is connected with charging-discharging controller (102), DC/AC inverter (103) connects AC load (104).
CN201520483209.8U 2015-07-07 2015-07-07 Multi -functional solar energy tobacco flue -curing house Expired - Fee Related CN204837968U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520483209.8U CN204837968U (en) 2015-07-07 2015-07-07 Multi -functional solar energy tobacco flue -curing house

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520483209.8U CN204837968U (en) 2015-07-07 2015-07-07 Multi -functional solar energy tobacco flue -curing house

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204837968U true CN204837968U (en) 2015-12-09

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ID=54728584

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520483209.8U Expired - Fee Related CN204837968U (en) 2015-07-07 2015-07-07 Multi -functional solar energy tobacco flue -curing house

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204837968U (en)

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151209

Termination date: 20160707

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee