CN205432080U - Waste heat recovery tobacco flue -curing house - Google Patents

Waste heat recovery tobacco flue -curing house Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205432080U
CN205432080U CN201520889930.7U CN201520889930U CN205432080U CN 205432080 U CN205432080 U CN 205432080U CN 201520889930 U CN201520889930 U CN 201520889930U CN 205432080 U CN205432080 U CN 205432080U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
flue
waste heat
cured tobacco
tobacco
heat recovery
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520889930.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
严玛丽
陈泽鹏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
South China Agricultural University
China National Tobacco Corp Guangdong Branch
Original Assignee
South China Agricultural University
China National Tobacco Corp Guangdong Branch
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by South China Agricultural University, China National Tobacco Corp Guangdong Branch filed Critical South China Agricultural University
Priority to CN201520889930.7U priority Critical patent/CN205432080U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205432080U publication Critical patent/CN205432080U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The utility model relates to a tobacco -baking equipment's technical field, more specifically relates to a waste heat recovery tobacco flue -curing house. A waste heat recovery tobacco flue -curing house forms circular flue through air intake and return air inlet between flue -cured tobacco chamber and the hot -blast room, and heating device connects the heat exchange tube, hot -blast room lower part is close to the air intake and is equipped with first fan, and the flue -cured tobacco chamber lower part is equipped with the second fan to the up -draught with the relative department of first fan, hang montant, the horizontal horizontal pole that sets up that the cigarette frame includes vertical setting, be equipped with the joint portion of a plurality of joint horizontal poles on the montant. Flue -cured tobacco chamber one side still be equipped with waste heat recovery apparatus. The utility model discloses a go up the setting of the flue gas air current and the cooperation flue gas water conservancy diversion of lift -type to promote flue gas recirculation speed, make the efficiency of tobacco flue -curing and quality obviously improved. And set up after the joint portion and to have adapted to requirement not unidimensional and big or small tobacco leaf with horizontal pole joint position of co -altitude not on the montant for the user is more convenient with the in -process of collecting the tobacco leaf at string tobacco leaf.

Description

A kind of waste heat recovery flue-cured tobacco
Technical field
This utility model relates to the technical field of flue-cured tobacco equipment, more particularly, to a kind of waste heat recovery tobacco flue-curing house.
Background technology
Tobacco flue-curing house is indispensable basic equipment in cured tobacco production.Tobacco flue-curing house, after interior baking modulation, just shows the distinctive color of flue-cured tobacco, type, becomes the quality raw materials meeting cigarette industry needs.Its ultimate principle is after Nicotiana tabacum L. is heated, and moisture in Nicotiana tabacum L. is discharged, and is discharged outside tobacco flue-curing house after moisture vaporization, so that Nicotiana tabacum L. scalding, being dried.
Existing smoke hanging shelf can not adjust so that user is inconvenient during hanging Nicotiana tabacum L. and collecting Nicotiana tabacum L..And the heat recovery in tobacco flue-curing house can not be recycled.
Utility model content
This utility model is to overcome at least one defect described in above-mentioned prior art, it is provided that a kind of waste heat recovery tobacco flue-curing house, its simple in construction, convenient use, and can recycle heat recovery.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of waste heat recovery tobacco flue-curing house, wherein, including being provided with the hot air chamber of heater, being provided with the flue-cured tobacco room of smoke hanging shelf, forming cycle flue by air inlet and return air inlet between flue-cured tobacco room and hot air chamber, described heater connects heat exchanger tube;
Described hot air chamber bottom is provided with the first blower fan near air inlet, and described bottom, flue-cured tobacco room is provided with the second blower fan to up-draught with the relative place of the first blower fan;Described smoke hanging shelf includes vertically arranged montant, the cross bar of horizontally set, and described montant is provided with the Access Division of multiple clamping cross bar.
Described side, flue-cured tobacco room is additionally provided with waste heat recovery apparatus.
In this utility model, the first blower fan alignment air inlet, make hot blast blow to flue-cured tobacco room from hot air chamber, and the sidewall bottom of flue-cured tobacco room is located at by the second blower fan, make the hot blast from the first blower fan blowout accelerate to rise in side-walls, then be back in hot air chamber by return air inlet.
In this utility model, for air-flow ascending manner tobacco flue-curing house, the air of flue-cured tobacco indoor moves from bottom to top and Nicotiana tabacum L. carries out damp and hot exchange;Certainly, airflow descending type compression tobacco flue-curing house can be changed in the position changing blower fan, and the air making flue-cured tobacco indoor moves from top to bottom and Nicotiana tabacum L. carries out damp and hot exchange, and the conversion of above-mentioned position is also in protection domain of the present utility model.It addition, the quantity of blower fan the most also can be reduced, as long as ensureing the circulating effect of air.
It addition, room body can use brick mix structure or movable board room structure in this utility model, brick mix structure is advantageous in that its rugged construction is stable, can resist various abiogenous accident so that the carrying out baking that Nicotiana tabacum L. can be stable preserves.
And use movable board room structure to be advantageous in that and facilitate installing/dismounting, typically build in the place near Nicotiana tabacum L. growth due to tobacco flue-curing house, and in view of soil, pest and disease damage, the situation of nutrient balance, the rule of a crop rotation in 3 years is typically followed in the growth of Nicotiana tabacum L., after earth completes the time of kind of cigarette, it is possible to be not suitable for the growth of Nicotiana tabacum L., therefore, use movable board room structure entirety to move, meet being actually needed of production, improve the utilization rate of tobacco flue-curing house;The more important thing is and improve land utilization ratio so that soil can get rational layout, transfer to the place produced from unproductive place, improve the utilization rate of resource.
Further, since the length of Nicotiana tabacum L. is usually 60-70cm, the number of plies that cross bar is arranged is 3-4 layer.
And montant is provided with the Access Division of multiple clamping cross bar, during use, hang over fixing for Nicotiana tabacum L. on cross bar, and cross bar can be connected to after being provided with Access Division the position of differing heights on montant, adapt to different size and the requirement of size Nicotiana tabacum L., made Nicotiana tabacum L. to drop on the ground after fixation.Additionally, Height Adjustable owing to being provided with Access Division rear transverse rod, make user convenient during hanging Nicotiana tabacum L. and collecting Nicotiana tabacum L., during as hung Nicotiana tabacum L., cross bar can first be connected to meet the position of user height, fixing after mounting, then by instrument, this cross bar is adjusted to other height and position, the process collecting Nicotiana tabacum L. is also similar to.
Further, it is the first blower fan wind direction far-end inclined-plane higher than near-end bottom described flue-cured tobacco room.Flue-cured tobacco room bottom bevel be designed to preferably guide the rising of flue gas stream.
Further, described Access Division is around being located at montant circumferential exterior.Enhanced convenience during the installation cross bar being so, can regulate the position of cross bar at any time.
Further, described flue-cured tobacco room sidewall is provided with moisture exhausting port.Described moisture exhausting port is provided with dehumidifier.Along with the raising of baking efficiency, flue-cured tobacco room arranges corresponding moisture exhausting port and dehumidifier can improve dehumidifying performance.
Waste heat recovery apparatus includes being arranged on the high temperature heat pump device on the left of flue-cured tobacco room, and the vaporizer that is arranged in high temperature heat pump device and condenser, and connect vaporizer and the transfer pipeline of condenser and recovery pipe, and be arranged on the fan blade on the left of vaporizer, and it is arranged on the waste heat recovery valve port on the right side of vaporizer;It is disposed with receiver and throttling arrangement on described transfer pipeline from left to right, described recovery pipe is provided with compressor;
The left side central portion of described high temperature heat pump device is provided with new air-valve mouth, and flue-cured tobacco room is provided with circulating fan, and bottom, flue-cured tobacco room arranges waste heat air outlet, and the left side of described fan blade is provided with dehumidification tube.
Described condenser is for heating the waste heat reclaimed: the waste heat of the band dampness in barn, in the case of opening, is discharged on vaporizer by described waste heat recovery valve port through waste heat air outlet, improves the efficiency ratio of host work;Described new air-valve mouth is for carrying out mending wind in the case of dehumidifying: described vaporizer carries out dehumidifying for the waste heat discharged to barn;Described receiver is used for preserving cold coal;Described throttling arrangement is used for filtering cold coal: described compressor is for compressing refrigeration.
The waste heat produced after hothouse baking can be discharged by the present invention through waste heat air outlet, and the waste heat of band dampness is pumped to dehumidification tube through fan blade after being absorbed by vaporizer and discharges;The waste heat that temperature is higher directly pumps to condenser through waste heat air outlet after barn is discharged, the waste heat reclaimed can fast fast intensification by the heat of absorptive condenser, suction through circulating fan is pumped into barn the heat recovery after intensification again provides heat for baking, save the power consumption of main frame heating, improve the efficiency ratio of host work, achieve automatic recovery-circulating and utilize waste heat, automatically dehumidifying, improve vaporizer heating capacity, improve efficiency ratio, thus reach energy-conservation effect, and stop that heat is directly outer to be discharged in air affect weather and balance, very environmental protection, use simple, convenient, fast, practical.
Compared with prior art, provide the benefit that: this utility model passes through the flue gas stream of ascending manner and coordinates the setting of flue gas water conservancy diversion, thus promotes flue gas recirculation speed so that efficiency and the quality of tobacco flue-curing are improved significantly.And cross bar can be connected to after being provided with Access Division the position of differing heights on montant, adapt to different size and the requirement of size Nicotiana tabacum L., made Nicotiana tabacum L. to drop on the ground after fixation.Further, since it is Height Adjustable to be provided with Access Division rear transverse rod so that user is convenient during hanging Nicotiana tabacum L. and collecting Nicotiana tabacum L..
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is this utility model overall structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is this utility model smoke hanging shelf structural representation.
Fig. 3 is this utility model montant cross section structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is this utility model waste heat recovery apparatus schematic diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
Accompanying drawing being merely cited for property explanation, it is impossible to be interpreted as the restriction to this patent;In order to the present embodiment is more preferably described, some parts of accompanying drawing have omission, zoom in or out, and do not represent the size of actual product;To those skilled in the art, in accompanying drawing, some known features and explanation thereof may will be understood by omission.Being merely cited for property of position relationship explanation described in accompanying drawing, it is impossible to be interpreted as the restriction to this patent.
As Figure 1-3, a kind of waste heat recovery tobacco flue-curing house, wherein, including being provided with the hot air chamber 2 of heater 4, being provided with the flue-cured tobacco room 1 of smoke hanging shelf 3, between flue-cured tobacco room 1 and hot air chamber 2, form cycle flue by air inlet 5 and return air inlet 6, heater 4 connects heat exchanger tube 7;
Hot air chamber 2 bottom is provided with the first blower fan 9 near air inlet 5, and bottom, flue-cured tobacco room 1 is provided with the second blower fan 91 to up-draught with the relative place of the first blower fan 9;Smoke hanging shelf 3 includes vertically arranged montant 31, the cross bar 32 of horizontally set, and montant 31 is provided with the Access Division 311 of multiple clamping cross bar 32.Side, flue-cured tobacco room 1 is additionally provided with waste heat recovery apparatus.
In the present embodiment, first blower fan 9 is directed at air inlet 5, makes hot blast blow to flue-cured tobacco room 1 from hot air chamber 2, and the sidewall bottom of flue-cured tobacco room 1 is located at by the second blower fan 91, make the hot blast from the first blower fan 9 blowout accelerate to rise in side-walls, then be back in hot air chamber 2 by return air inlet 6.
And montant 31 is provided with the Access Division 311 of multiple clamping cross bar, during use, hang on cross bar 32 by fixing for Nicotiana tabacum L., and cross bar can be connected to after being provided with Access Division 311 position of differing heights on montant, adapt to different size and the requirement of size Nicotiana tabacum L., made Nicotiana tabacum L. to drop on the ground after fixation.Additionally, Height Adjustable owing to being provided with Access Division 311 rear transverse rod, make user convenient during hanging Nicotiana tabacum L. and collecting Nicotiana tabacum L., during as hung Nicotiana tabacum L., cross bar can first be connected to meet the position of user height, fixing after mounting, then by instrument, this cross bar is adjusted to other height and position, the process collecting Nicotiana tabacum L. is also similar to.
In the present embodiment, it is the first blower fan 9 wind direction far-end inclined-plane higher than near-end bottom flue-cured tobacco room 1.Access Division 311 is around being located at montant 31 circumferential exterior.Flue-cured tobacco room 1 sidewall is provided with moisture exhausting port 10.Moisture exhausting port 10 is provided with dehumidifier 11.
Flue-cured tobacco room 1 bottom bevel be designed to preferably guide the rising of flue gas stream.Access Division 311, around being located at enhanced convenience when montant 31 circumferential exterior makes to install cross bar, can regulate the position of cross bar at any time.Along with the raising of baking efficiency, flue-cured tobacco room 1 arranges corresponding moisture exhausting port 10 and dehumidifier 11 can improve dehumidifying performance.
nullOperation principle: first add fuel in heater 4,After heat exchanger tube 7 is heated,In hot air chamber 2, the flue gas around heat exchanger tube 7 is heated,Then form negative pressuren zone after the first blower fan 9 rotates attract the flue gas of heating and enter into flue-cured tobacco room 1 by air inlet 5,Flue gas rapid increase under the guide functions on inclined-plane 8,Second blower fan 91 accelerates the rate of climb,Nicotiana tabacum L. in smoke hanging shelf 3 is toasted,Moisture in Nicotiana tabacum L. is evaporated,Moisture after vaporization is discharged by auxiliary moisture exhausting port 10,Remaining flue gas is then returned to hot air chamber 2 by return air inlet 6 and is again heated by heat-transfer pipe 7,The steam of the non-emptying of part is discharged simultaneously also by the moisture exhausting port (not shown) of hot air chamber,Then the flue gas heated is attracted by negative pressuren zone again,Thus define cycle flue between hot air chamber 2 and flue-cured tobacco room 1,Nicotiana tabacum L. is constantly toasted.Owing to the moisture exhausting port of auxiliary moisture exhausting port 10 and hot air chamber has discharged partial fume, therefore can stably supplement flue gas in hot air chamber so that exhaust gas volumn and temperature in tobacco flue-curing house can keep stable.
As shown in Figure 4, waste heat recovery apparatus includes the high temperature heat pump device 02 being arranged on the left of flue-cured tobacco room 1, and the vaporizer 03 that is arranged in high temperature heat pump device 02 and condenser 04, and connect vaporizer 03 and the transfer pipeline 05 of condenser 04 and recovery pipe 06, and be arranged on the fan blade 07 on the left of vaporizer 03, and it is arranged on the waste heat recovery valve port 08 on the right side of vaporizer 03;It is disposed with receiver 09 and throttling arrangement 010 on transfer pipeline 05 from left to right, recovery pipe 06 is provided with compressor 011;
The left side central portion of high temperature heat pump device 02 is provided with new air-valve mouth 012, and flue-cured tobacco room 1 is provided with circulating fan 015, and bottom, flue-cured tobacco room 1 arranges waste heat air outlet 013, and the left side of fan blade 07 is provided with dehumidification tube 014.
Condenser 04 is for heating the waste heat reclaimed: the waste heat of the band dampness in barn 1, in the case of opening, is discharged on vaporizer 03 through waste heat air outlet 013, improves the efficiency ratio of host work by described waste heat recovery valve port 08;Described new air-valve mouth 012 is for carrying out mending wind in the case of dehumidifying: described vaporizer 03 carries out dehumidifying for the waste heat discharged to barn 1;Described receiver 09 is used for preserving cold coal;Described throttling arrangement 010 is used for filtering cold coal;Described compressor 011 is for compressing refrigeration.
nullDuring work,The waste heat produced after barn 1 baking is discharged through waste heat air outlet 013,Now there will be two kinds of situations,The first: the waste heat of band dampness is pumped to dehumidification tube 014 through fan blade 07 after being absorbed by vaporizer 03 and discharges: the second: the waste heat that temperature is higher directly pumps to condenser 04 through waste heat air outlet 013 after barn 1 is discharged,The waste heat reclaimed can fast fast intensification by the heat of absorptive condenser 04,Suction through circulating fan 015 is pumped into barn 1 the heat recovery after intensification again provides heat for baking,Save the power consumption of main frame heating,Improve the efficiency ratio of host work,Achieve the waste heat produced after barn 1 is toasted to be automatically drained out,Automatic recovery-circulating utilizes,Automatically dehumidifying,Improve vaporizer 03 heating capacity,Improve efficiency ratio,Thus reach energy-conservation effect,And stop that heat is directly outer to be discharged in air affect weather and balance,Very environmental protection,Use simple、Convenient、Fast、Practical.
Obviously, above-described embodiment of the present utility model is only for clearly demonstrating this utility model example, and is not the restriction to embodiment of the present utility model.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description.Here without also cannot all of embodiment be given exhaustive.All any amendment, equivalent and improvement etc. made within spirit of the present utility model and principle, within should be included in this utility model scope of the claims.

Claims (1)

1. a waste heat recovery tobacco flue-curing house, it is characterized in that, including being provided with the hot air chamber (2) of heater (4), being provided with the flue-cured tobacco room (1) of smoke hanging shelf (3), forming cycle flue by air inlet (5) and return air inlet (6) between flue-cured tobacco room (1) and hot air chamber (2), described heater (4) connects heat exchanger tube (7);
Described hot air chamber (2) bottom is provided with the first blower fan (9) near air inlet (5), and described flue-cured tobacco room (1) bottom is provided with the second blower fan (91) to up-draught with the relative place of the first blower fan (9);Described smoke hanging shelf (3) includes vertically arranged montant (31), the cross bar (32) of horizontally set, and described montant (31) is provided with the Access Division (311) of multiple clamping cross bar (32);
Described flue-cured tobacco room (1) side is additionally provided with waste heat recovery apparatus;
Described bottom, flue-cured tobacco room (1) is the first blower fan (9) the wind direction far-end inclined-plane higher than near-end;
Described Access Division (311) is around being located at montant (31) circumferential exterior;
Described flue-cured tobacco room (1) sidewall is provided with moisture exhausting port (10);
Described moisture exhausting port (10) is provided with dehumidifier (11);
Described waste heat recovery apparatus includes the high temperature heat pump device (02) being arranged on left side, flue-cured tobacco room (1), and the vaporizer (03) that is arranged in high temperature heat pump device (02) and condenser (04), and connect vaporizer (03) and the transfer pipeline (05) of condenser (04) and recovery pipe (06), and be arranged on the fan blade (07) on the left of vaporizer (03), and it is arranged on the waste heat recovery valve port (08) on vaporizer (03) right side;It is disposed with receiver (09) and throttling arrangement (010) on described transfer pipeline (05) from left to right, described recovery pipe (06) is provided with compressor (011);
The left side central portion of described high temperature heat pump device (02) is provided with new air-valve mouth (012), circulating fan (015) it is provided with on flue-cured tobacco room (1), flue-cured tobacco room (1) bottom arranges waste heat air outlet (013), and the left side of described fan blade (07) is provided with dehumidification tube (014).
CN201520889930.7U 2015-11-10 2015-11-10 Waste heat recovery tobacco flue -curing house Expired - Fee Related CN205432080U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520889930.7U CN205432080U (en) 2015-11-10 2015-11-10 Waste heat recovery tobacco flue -curing house

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520889930.7U CN205432080U (en) 2015-11-10 2015-11-10 Waste heat recovery tobacco flue -curing house

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205432080U true CN205432080U (en) 2016-08-10

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106617249A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-10 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Regional rail conveying type auto-control tobacco curing barn
CN106723267A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-31 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 A kind of energy-saving mobile automatically controls tobacco flue-curing house

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106617249A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-10 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Regional rail conveying type auto-control tobacco curing barn
CN106723267A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-31 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 A kind of energy-saving mobile automatically controls tobacco flue-curing house

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160810

Termination date: 20191110

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee