CN202190562U - Special hot air furnace for edible fungi greenhouse production - Google Patents

Special hot air furnace for edible fungi greenhouse production Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202190562U
CN202190562U CN201120218796XU CN201120218796U CN202190562U CN 202190562 U CN202190562 U CN 202190562U CN 201120218796X U CN201120218796X U CN 201120218796XU CN 201120218796 U CN201120218796 U CN 201120218796U CN 202190562 U CN202190562 U CN 202190562U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
furnace
interlayer
flue
water tank
outlet
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201120218796XU
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王晓冬
张海春
史慧锋
马彩雯
王建宝
陈庆宽
刘娜
肖林刚
马月红
王彦
苏剑
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Agricultural Engineering Co ltd Of Xingjiang Academy Of Agricultural Science
Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Original Assignee
Agricultural Engineering Co ltd Of Xingjiang Academy Of Agricultural Science
Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Agricultural Engineering Co ltd Of Xingjiang Academy Of Agricultural Science, Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Agricultural Engineering Co ltd Of Xingjiang Academy Of Agricultural Science
Priority to CN201120218796XU priority Critical patent/CN202190562U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202190562U publication Critical patent/CN202190562U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model relates to a special hot air furnace for edible fungi greenhouse production, which is realized as follows: the special hot air furnace for edible fungi greenhouse production is composed of a furnace ash chamber, a furnace grate, a draught fan, a furnace hearth, a heat insulating layer, a furnace container outer interlayer clapboard, a hot air outlet, a furnace outer wall, a steam outlet, a chimney, a heating tube nest, an inner water tank, an outer water tank, an inner furnace container, a furnace container outer upper interlayer, a furnace container inner interlayer, a coal feeding port, an ash outlet, an air port clapboard and an outdoor air inlet. The outermost layer of the furnace body is the furnace outer wall; the coal feeding port and the ash outlet are arranged on the furnace outer wall; the furnace container outer interlayer is arranged inside the furnace outer wall; the furnace container outer interlayer is composed of two layers consisting of an upper layer and a lower layer, the two layers are separated by the furnace container outer interlayer clapboard; and the upper part of the furnace container outer interlayer clapboard is the furnace container outer upper interlayer, and the lower part of the furnace container outer interlayer clapboard is the furnace container outer lower interlayer. The inner furnace container is arranged inside the furnace container outer interlayer; the furnace container inner interlayer is arranged inside the inner furnace container; the heating tube nest and the inner water tank are arranged in the furnace container inner interlayer; one end of the inner water tank is connected with the outer water tank; and the other end of the inner water tank is connected with the steam outlet. The furnace container outer upper interlayer inlet is connected with the heating tube nest; and the furnace container outer upper interlayer outlet is connected with the hot air outlet. The furnace container outer lower interlayer inlet is connected with the draught fan; and the furnace container outer lower interlayer outlet is connected with the heating tube nest. The furnace container outer lower interlayer is separated from the furnace hearth by the heat insulating layer; the furnace grate is arranged below the furnace hearth; the furnace ash chamber is arranged below the furnace grate. The furnace container inner interlayer is connected with the furnace hearth; the air inlet is the outdoor air inlet at the lower part of the hot air furnace; the air port clapboard is arranged on the outdoor air inlet; and the furnace container inner interlayer outlet is the chimney.

Description

The special-purpose hot-blast stove of a kind of edible mushroom hothouse production
Technical field
The special-purpose hot-blast stove of a kind of edible mushroom hothouse production of the utility model belongs to the hot-blast stove research field.Be mainly used in the heating of production, humidification and the air circulation of edible mushroom in the greenhouse by solar heat.
Background technology
Greenhouse by solar heat is the representative of modern agriculture, and it changes 1 year one batch the mode of production in the north into anniversary production.Because problems such as greenhouse by solar heat exists that land utilization rate is low, environment capacity difference and poor operability are so the power saving of greenhouse by solar heat is the main direction of studying of domestic horticultural facility work always.To " 12 ", country classifies greenhouse by solar heat the scientific research project of emphasis as from " eight or five ", and the weak link of structural design, cultivation mode and the machine coordination etc. in greenhouse is carried out deep research.
The utility model content
The purpose of the special-purpose hot-blast stove of the utility model-a kind of edible mushroom hothouse production is to provide the edible mushroom hothouse production special-purpose, and to the edible fungi growth environment and custom-designed hot-blast stove, the edible fungi growth environment needs humidity greater than 80%; Temperature is greater than 20 ℃ fresh air.The utility model has designed the outdoor air air inlet and outdoor ozone is sucked in the hot-blast stove through air-introduced machine has heated, and obtains pure hot-air to the edible mushroom greenhouse heating.Water when air is heated in the heat hot wind furnace inner water tank, thus vapours produced to edible mushroom greenhouse humidification.Whole heating, the humidification of hot-blast stove are all directly introduced the edible mushroom greenhouse with outdoor fresh air, have promoted the air circulation in the greenhouse.
The purpose of the special-purpose hot-blast stove of the utility model-a kind of edible mushroom hothouse production is achieved in that the special-purpose hot-blast stove of a kind of edible mushroom hothouse production goes up interlayer, flue outward by ashes thorax, fire grate, air-introduced machine, burner hearth, thermal insulation layer, flue outside sandwich dividing plate, hot-blast outlet, furnace outer wall, steam (vapor) outlet, chimney, heating tubulation, inner water tank, outer water tank, furnace internal-lining, flue and descend interlayer, flue intraformational bed, coal filling hole, ash hole, air port baffle plate, outdoor air air inlet to form outward.The body of heater outermost layer is a furnace outer wall, and coal filling hole, ash hole are arranged on the furnace outer wall, and furnace outer wall is the flue outside sandwich toward in; The flue outside sandwich divides two-layer up and down; The centre is separated by flue outside sandwich dividing plate, and flue outside sandwich dividing plate is above to be that flue is gone up interlayer outward, below is that flue descends interlayer outward.The flue outside sandwich is furnace internal-lining inward, and furnace internal-lining is the flue intraformational bed more inward, and heating tubulation and inner water tank are arranged in the flue intraformational bed, and the inner water tank one end other end that links to each other with outer water tank links to each other with steam (vapor) outlet.Flue is gone up the interlayer import outward and is linked to each other with the heating tubulation, and outlet is joined with hot-blast outlet.Flue descends the interlayer import to link to each other with air-introduced machine outward, and outlet is joined with the heating tubulation.Flue descends interlayer and burner hearth to be separated by thermal insulation layer outward, is fire grate below the burner hearth, and the fire grate below is the ashes thorax.The flue intraformational bed links to each other with burner hearth, and the burner hearth air inlet is the outdoor air air inlet that hot-blast stove is surveyed the bottom, and the air port baffle plate has been installed on the outdoor air air inlet, and the outlet of flue intraformational bed is a chimney.
When the special-purpose hot-blast stove of the utility model-a kind of edible mushroom hothouse production is worked; Outdoor fresh air is sucked and heating effectively raises the indoor temperature and the air cycle efficiency in edible mushroom greenhouse; And when heating, produced the steam of high temperature, this humidity that has not only improved the greenhouse also further improves temperature and air quality in the greenhouse.
Description of drawings
To combine accompanying drawing that the utility model is described further below.
Fig. 1 is the special-purpose hot-blast stove sketch map of the utility model-a kind of edible mushroom hothouse production;
Embodiment:
The purpose of the utility model-special-purpose hot-blast stove of a kind of edible mushroom hothouse production is achieved in that the special-purpose hot-blast stove of a kind of edible mushroom hothouse production is by ashes thorax (1); Fire grate (2); Air-introduced machine (3); Burner hearth (4); Thermal insulation layer (5); Flue outside sandwich dividing plate (6); Hot-blast outlet (7); Furnace outer wall (8); Steam (vapor) outlet (9); Chimney (10); Heating tubulation (11); Inner water tank (12); Outer water tank (13); Furnace internal-lining (14); Flue is gone up interlayer (15) outward; Flue descends interlayer (16) outward; Flue intraformational bed (17); Coal filling hole (18); Ash hole (19); Air port baffle plate (20); Outdoor air air inlet (21) is formed.The body of heater outermost layer is furnace outer wall (8), and coal filling hole (18), ash hole (19) are arranged on the furnace outer wall (8), and furnace outer wall (8) is the flue outside sandwich toward in, and the flue outside sandwich divides two-layer up and down, and the centre is separated by flue outside sandwich dividing plate (6).Flue outside sandwich dividing plate is above to be that flue is gone up interlayer (15) outward, below is that flue descends interlayer (16) outward.The flue outside sandwich is furnace internal-lining (14) inward, and furnace internal-lining (14) is flue intraformational bed (17) more inward.There are heating tubulation (11) and inner water tank (12) in flue intraformational bed (17) lining.Inner water tank (12) one ends link to each other with outer water tank (13), and the other end links to each other with steam (vapor) outlet (9).Flue is gone up interlayer (15) import outward and is linked to each other with heating tubulation (11), and outlet is joined with hot-blast outlet (7).Flue descends interlayer (16) import to link to each other with air-introduced machine (3) outward, and outlet is joined with heating tubulation (11).Flue descends interlayer (16) and burner hearth (4) to be separated by thermal insulation layer (5) outward, is fire grate (2) below the burner hearth (4), and fire grate (2) below is ashes thorax (1).Flue intraformational bed (17) links to each other with burner hearth (4), and the burner hearth air inlet is the outdoor air air inlet (21) that hot-blast stove is surveyed the bottom, and air port baffle plate (20) has been installed on the outdoor air air inlet, and the outlet of flue intraformational bed is chimney (10).

Claims (3)

1. the special-purpose hot-blast stove of an edible mushroom hothouse production is gone up interlayer, flue outward by ashes thorax, fire grate, air-introduced machine, burner hearth, thermal insulation layer, flue outside sandwich dividing plate, hot-blast outlet, furnace outer wall, steam (vapor) outlet, chimney, heating tubulation, inner water tank, outer water tank, furnace internal-lining, flue and is descended interlayer, flue intraformational bed, coal filling hole, ash hole, air port baffle plate, outdoor air air inlet to form outward; It is characterized in that: the body of heater outermost layer is a furnace outer wall; Coal filling hole, ash hole are arranged on the furnace outer wall; Furnace outer wall is the flue outside sandwich toward in; The flue outside sandwich divides two-layer up and down; The centre is separated by flue outside sandwich dividing plate, and flue outside sandwich dividing plate is above to be that flue is gone up interlayer outward, below is that flue descends interlayer outward.
2. the special-purpose hot-blast stove of a kind of edible mushroom hothouse production according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the burner hearth air inlet is the outdoor air air inlet that hot-blast stove is surveyed the bottom, and the air port baffle plate has been installed on the outdoor air air inlet.
3. the special-purpose hot-blast stove of a kind of edible mushroom hothouse production according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in the flue intraformational bed inner water tank is arranged, inner water tank one end links to each other with outer water tank, and the other end links to each other with steam (vapor) outlet.
CN201120218796XU 2011-06-27 2011-06-27 Special hot air furnace for edible fungi greenhouse production Expired - Fee Related CN202190562U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120218796XU CN202190562U (en) 2011-06-27 2011-06-27 Special hot air furnace for edible fungi greenhouse production

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120218796XU CN202190562U (en) 2011-06-27 2011-06-27 Special hot air furnace for edible fungi greenhouse production

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202190562U true CN202190562U (en) 2012-04-18

Family

ID=45945497

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201120218796XU Expired - Fee Related CN202190562U (en) 2011-06-27 2011-06-27 Special hot air furnace for edible fungi greenhouse production

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202190562U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105594456A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-25 柳州市宣荣农业有限公司 Heating device for planting black fungi
CN105724125A (en) * 2016-04-13 2016-07-06 平湖市报本农业科技有限公司 Temperature rise device for planting greenhouse
CN106500308A (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-03-15 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Environment-friendly high-efficiency coal-fired hot-blast stove

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105594456A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-05-25 柳州市宣荣农业有限公司 Heating device for planting black fungi
CN105724125A (en) * 2016-04-13 2016-07-06 平湖市报本农业科技有限公司 Temperature rise device for planting greenhouse
CN105724125B (en) * 2016-04-13 2019-01-15 平湖市报本农业科技有限公司 A kind of planting greenhouse heat riser
CN106500308A (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-03-15 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Environment-friendly high-efficiency coal-fired hot-blast stove

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120418

Termination date: 20200627