CN204715178U - A kind of full-automatic brick paving machine - Google Patents

A kind of full-automatic brick paving machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204715178U
CN204715178U CN201520374495.4U CN201520374495U CN204715178U CN 204715178 U CN204715178 U CN 204715178U CN 201520374495 U CN201520374495 U CN 201520374495U CN 204715178 U CN204715178 U CN 204715178U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
floor tile
assembly
conveyer belt
ash
sub
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CN201520374495.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡永彪
戴勇
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长安大学
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Priority to CN201520374495.4U priority Critical patent/CN204715178U/en
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Publication of CN204715178U publication Critical patent/CN204715178U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of full-automatic brick paving machine, comprise frame assembly, frame assembly is provided with manipulation assembly and engine assembly; The sub-material assembly that can separate ash material and floor tile is installed at the tail end of frame assembly, the frame assembly of the below of sub-material assembly is provided with ash material delivery assembly, between sub-material assembly and ash material delivery assembly, be provided with floor tile delivery assembly; The ground tile paving assembly be connected with floor tile delivery assembly is installed at the head end of frame assembly; The ash material be connected with ash material delivery assembly is installed on the frame assembly of ground tile paving assembly to pave assembly.The utility model can replace handwork completely, significantly improves laying quality, speeds up the work, liberation labour, has efficiency high, the advantages such as quality is good, be applicable to the road surface tile work operation in the large-scale places such as square, fill up the blank that truly automatically can realize tile work field.

Description

A kind of full-automatic brick paving machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to construction instrument field, relates to road tile work equipment, is specifically related to a kind of full-automatic brick paving machine.
Background technology
Existing brick paving machine is when surfacing, the mode of brick is manually arranged in many employings, namely fragment of brick is positioned on tile work platform by loader, carry out in assembled arrangement and tile work slideway by staff to fragment of brick again, though the pure artificial tile work mode that this mode is more traditional improves to some extent, becoming crouching formula tile work is standing posture tile work, alleviates the damage status to staff's waist, but still needs to expend a large amount of muscle power of staff.Existing patent name is a kind of automatic paver at present, and because structure is simple, though can reach the effect of automatic tile work liberation labour, but paver once can only lay plot brick in force, and can not carry out laying work continuously, operating efficiency is lower.Also have a kind of ground brick paving machine, the function of automatically laying can be reached, but this utility model scheme is not used for the device of carrying floor tile, need during work ceaselessly manually to carry out providing of floor tile.Although improve on paving mode, still need to expend certain labour.And above two patents all need just can normally work in the unified placement of fragment of brick and basis upwards, fragment of brick surface, otherwise the road surface of making is spread anti-phenomenon by there will be floor tile.Owing to unifying fragment of brick to place and confirmation form expends certain labour towards upper still needs, the effect that therefore how still can realize automatic tile work on the basis of placement fragment of brick at random is the required problem solved in current industry.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiency that prior art exists, the purpose of this utility model is, provides a kind of full-automatic brick paving machine, solves the technical problem that prior art cannot complete full-automatic tile work in tile work process.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model adopts following technical scheme to be achieved:
A kind of full-automatic brick paving machine, comprises frame assembly, frame assembly is provided with manipulation assembly and engine assembly;
The sub-material assembly that can separate ash material and floor tile is installed at the tail end of frame assembly, the frame assembly of the below of sub-material assembly is provided with ash material delivery assembly, between sub-material assembly and ash material delivery assembly, be provided with floor tile delivery assembly;
The ground tile paving assembly be connected with floor tile delivery assembly is installed at the head end of frame assembly;
The ash material be connected with ash material delivery assembly is installed on the frame assembly of ground tile paving assembly to pave assembly.
The utility model also has distinguishes technical characteristic as follows:
Described sub-material assembly comprises hopper, is hinged with sub-material conveyer belt below hopper by rotating shaft, sub-material conveyer belt is provided with sub-material angular adjustment oil cylinder, rotates around rotating shaft for controlling sub-material conveyer belt;
Sub-material conveyer belt is driven by the sub-material power motor be arranged on frame assembly, and sub-material power motor drives the pulley rotation be arranged in rotating shaft, and belt pulley is rotated by the driving wheel of belt drive sub-material conveyer belt; Sub-material power motor rotates forward, and is dispensed to by floor tile in floor tile delivery assembly, and sub-material power motor reverses, and ash material is dispensed in ash material delivery assembly.
Described ash material delivery assembly comprises ash material conveyer belt, the driving wheel of ash material conveyer belt is arranged on frame assembly, driven by ash material conveying motor, the driven pulley of ash material conveyer belt is arranged on ash material and paves on the main outer cover of assembly, ash material conveyer belt near ash material pave assembly position frame assembly on supplemental support driven pulley is installed, in ash material paves assembly lifting process, ash material conveyer belt can rotate around supplemental support driven pulley.
The described ash material assembly that paves comprises and is arranged on main outer cover on frame assembly by the ash material hoist cylinder that paves, and main outer cover is provided with the ash material charging aperture be connected with ash material delivery assembly, main outer cover two ends are separately installed with left telescopic cover and right telescopic cover;
The main spiral that paves is installed in main outer cover, a left side is installed in left telescopic cover and paves spiral, the right side is installed in right telescopic cover and paves spiral;
The main spiral that paves, left side spiral and the right side spiral that paves that paves all is driven by the ash material motor that paves;
Main outer cover is provided with the left telescopic oil cylinder controlling left telescopic cover and the right telescopic oil cylinder controlling right telescopic cover.
Described floor tile delivery assembly comprises by the floor tile Shai Qu mechanism of screen tray drive motor and the floor tile conveyer belt by the driving of floor tile conveying motor;
Described floor tile Shai Qu mechanism comprises the circular pens be fixed on frame assembly, and the tangential direction of circular pens offers a brick outlet, floor tile conveyer belt connects with brick outlet;
Be provided with main screen tray with one heart successively from inside to outside in circular pens, screen tray is assisted in inner side and screen tray is assisted in outside, described main screen tray is frustum, the sidewall of main screen tray is provided with radial floor tile slide rail from top to bottom;
Frame assembly below circular pens is provided with screen tray CD-ROM drive motor, screen tray CD-ROM drive motor drives main screen tray, screen tray is assisted in inner side and outside assists screen tray to rotate simultaneously, main screen tray is for being rotated counterclockwise, the auxiliary screen tray in inner side is for turning clockwise, the auxiliary screen tray in outside, for turning clockwise, makes floor tile can sift out along the brick outlet of circular pens;
Circular pens inwall is provided with arc driving lever, makes floor tile individual layer arrangement in screening process.
Described inner side assists screen tray and outside to assist roller screen tray being provided with and radially rolling, and makes floor tile under the influence of centrifugal force to wall slip in circular pens.
Described ground tile paving assembly comprises the housing be arranged on by ground tile paving hoist cylinder on frame assembly, is provided with floor tile switching mechanism, lays conveyer belt, lays guide rail, lifting body, propulsive mechanism, floor tile position adjusting mechanism and floor tile arrange agencie in housing;
Floor tile is inputted floor tile switching mechanism by floor tile conveyer belt, and floor tile switching mechanism outputs to laying conveyer belt after floor tile is overturn 180 °, and floor tile is transported to the position of laying and being regulated one group of floor tile after on conveyer belt by floor tile position adjusting mechanism;
Lay conveyer belt side and the laying guide rail landed is installed, lay below conveyer belt and be provided with lifting body, lifting body is provided with propulsive mechanism, the direction of motion of propulsive mechanism is vertical with the direction of motion of laying conveyer belt position has been adjusted after floor tile be pushed into lay on guide rail from laying conveyer belt;
Floor tile arrange agencie carries out clamping to the floor tile group of laying on guide rail and arranges, along with frame assembly retrogressing successively by ground tile paving on the ground;
Described floor tile switching mechanism comprises by the arc conveyer belt of arc belt-driven driven by motor and coordinates the turning wheel clamping floor tile and overturn with arc conveyer belt;
Described laying conveyer belt drives by laying conveyer belt stepper motor;
Described lifting body comprises the jacking stepper motor be arranged on housing, and jacking step motor control top board is elevated along guide peg;
Described propulsive mechanism comprises the multiple propulsion units worked alone be arranged on top board; Described propulsion unit comprises support, support is provided with and advances stepper motor and driven pulley, advances on stepper motor and driven pulley and is provided with conveyer belt, the surface of conveyer belt is provided with a pair pushing plate; Lay conveyer belt to pass in the middle of the conveyer belt advanced between stepper motor and driven pulley;
Described floor tile position adjusting mechanism comprises and is arranged on screw mandrel on housing and polished rod, screw mandrel is provided with the position adjustments stepper motor moved along screw mandrel, polished rod is provided with the controllable register that can slide along polished rod, controllable register and position adjustments stepper motor are consolidated, under the drive of position adjustments stepper motor, realize feeding;
Described floor tile arrange agencie comprises and is arranged on screw mandrel on housing and polished rod, screw mandrel is provided with the clamping stepper motor moved along screw mandrel, polished rod is provided with a pair clamping baffle plate that can slide along polished rod, clamping baffle plate is consolidated with clamping stepper motor, under the drive of clamping stepper motor, realize feeding.
Described clamping baffle plate is the floor fitted with laying guide rail, clamping baffle plate is processed with and the L shape chute laid guide rail and move towards consistent, the toothed track coordinated with gear is provided with in L shape chute, floater guide block expansion link two ends are arranged on by gear in the toothed track of L shape chute, and floater guide block expansion link moves along toothed track under the drive of floater guide block stepper motor.
Described floor tile delivery assembly is also provided with brick face and detects overturning unit, described brick face is detected overturning unit and is comprised Zhuan Mian testing agency and brick face switching mechanism;
Described Zhuan Mian testing agency comprises the light source be arranged on frame assembly, light grid and optical sensor, light grid is arranged between light source and optical sensor, for isolating and absorbing the non-light beam reflected by floor tile of light source, source emissioning light bundle is radiated on brick face, light beam is reflected by brick face, folded light beam is detected by optical sensor, contrast according to the illumination that the illumination detected and light source send, determine that brick face is shiny surface or matsurface, if shiny surface, then by the upset of brick face switching mechanism, make matsurface upward.
Described brick face switching mechanism comprises the guide rail be arranged near floor tile delivery assembly on frame assembly, guide rail is provided with can along the overturning seat of guide rail movement under the drive of mobile stepper motor, overturning seat is provided with upset stepper motor, upset stepper motor is provided with upset folder, overturning seat is fixed with vertical screw mandrel, screw mandrel is provided with lifting stepper motor, lifting stepper motor drives upset folder relative to overturning seat elevating movement.
The utility model compared with prior art, has following technique effect:
The utility model can replace handwork completely, significantly improves laying quality, speeds up the work, liberation labour, has efficiency high, the advantages such as quality is good, be applicable to the road surface tile work operation in the large-scale places such as square, fill up the blank that truly automatically can realize tile work field.
Full-automatic brick paving machine compact conformation of the present utility model, design science is reasonable, comprises material-receiving device, floor tile sieve gets device, device for paving bricks and ash material spreader etc., can meet the laying of frequent species floor tile in the market.Adopt Automatic Control, automaticity is high, simple to operation, is applicable to the ground tile paving work of the roads such as square, sidewalk, airport or community.Complete machine adopts diesel, hydraulic drive and electrically-driven mode, and hydraulic power is strong, and power system sensitivity is high, whole system stable performance, makes the compliance of complete machine operation in the wild and movement stronger.Complete machine adopts mechanical-electrical-hydraulic integration to control, high performance-price ratio, has the advantages such as efficient, safety, high-quality.The overall design speed of travel is maximum reaches 6m/min, coordinates loader to use during work, easily can complete paving and the output that neatly paves of floor tile at random of ash material.The utility model can replace handwork completely, significantly improves laying quality, speeds up the work, and liberation labour, have efficiency high, the advantages such as quality is good, have filled up the blank that truly automatically can realize tile work field.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is overall appearance structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the elevation of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of sub-material conveyer belt.
Fig. 4 is the power schematic diagram of sub-material conveyer belt.
Fig. 5 is that ash material delivery assembly and ash material pave assembly structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is that ash material paves the internal construction schematic diagram of assembly.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of floor tile delivery assembly.
Fig. 8 is the elevation of floor tile Shai Qu mechanism.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation at a ground tile paving assembly visual angle.
Figure 10 is the enlarged drawing of floor tile switching mechanism part in Fig. 9.
Figure 11 is the enlarged drawing of propulsive mechanism part in Fig. 9.
Figure 12 is the structural representation at another visual angle of ground tile paving assembly.
Figure 13 is the structural representation that overturning unit is detected in brick face.
Figure 14 is the annexation schematic diagram of the utility model power-control section.
In figure, the implication of each label is: 1-frame assembly, and 2-manipulates assembly, 3-engine assembly, 4-sub-material assembly, 5-ash material delivery assembly, 6-floor tile delivery assembly, 7-ground tile paving assembly, and 8-ash material paves assembly, and overturning unit is detected in 9-brick face;
10-hopper, 11-rotating shaft, 12-sub-material conveyer belt, 13-sub-material angular adjustment oil cylinder, 14-sub-material power motor, 15-belt pulley, 16-belt, 17-driving wheel;
18-ash material conveyer belt, 19-driving wheel, 20-ash material conveying motor, 21-driven pulley, 22-supplemental support driven pulley;
23-ash material paves hoist cylinder, the main outer cover of 24-, 25-ash material charging aperture, the left telescopic cover of 26-, the right telescopic cover of 27-, and 28-master paves spiral, and a 29-left side paves spiral, and the 30-right side paves spiral, and 31-ash material paves motor, the left telescopic oil cylinder of 32-, the right telescopic oil cylinder of 33-;
34-screen tray CD-ROM drive motor, 35-floor tile Shai Qu mechanism, 36-floor tile conveying motor, 37-floor tile conveyer belt, 38-circular pens, 39-brick outlet, the main screen tray of 40-, auxiliary screen tray inside 41-, auxiliary screen tray outside 42-, 43-floor tile slide rail, 44-arc driving lever, 45-roller;
46-ground tile paving hoist cylinder, 47-housing, 48-floor tile switching mechanism, 49-lays conveyer belt, 50-lays guide rail, 51-lifting body, 52-propulsive mechanism, 53-floor tile position adjusting mechanism, 54-floor tile arrange agencie, 55-arc belt-driven motor, 56-arc conveyer belt, 57-turning wheel, 58-lays conveyer belt stepper motor, 59-jacking stepper motor, 60-top board, 61-guide peg, 62-propulsion unit, 63-support, 64-advances stepper motor, 65-driven pulley, 66-conveyer belt, 67-screw mandrel, 68-polished rod, 69-position adjustments stepper motor, 70-controllable register, 71-screw mandrel, 72-polished rod, 73-clamps stepper motor, 74-clamps baffle plate, 75-L shape chute, 76-toothed track, 77-floater guide block expansion link, 78-floater guide block stepper motor,
79-Zhuan Mian testing agency, 80-brick face switching mechanism, 81-light source, 82-light grid, 83-optical sensor, 84-guide rail, 85-moves stepper motor, 86-overturning seat, and 87-overturns stepper motor, and 88-overturns folder, 89-screw mandrel, and 90-is elevated stepper motor, 91-pushing plate.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, explanation is further explained in detail to particular content of the present utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
Below provide specific embodiment of the utility model, it should be noted that the utility model is not limited to following specific embodiment, all equivalents done on technical scheme basis all fall into protection domain of the present utility model.
Embodiment:
Defer to technique scheme, as shown in Fig. 1 to Figure 14, the present embodiment provides a kind of full-automatic brick paving machine, comprises frame assembly 1, frame assembly 1 is provided with manipulation assembly 2 and engine assembly 3;
The sub-material assembly 4 that can separate ash material and floor tile is installed at the tail end of frame assembly 1, the frame assembly 1 of the below of sub-material assembly 4 is provided with ash material delivery assembly 5, between sub-material assembly 4 and ash material delivery assembly 5, is provided with floor tile delivery assembly 6;
The ground tile paving assembly 7 be connected with floor tile delivery assembly 6 is installed at the head end of frame assembly 1;
The ash material be connected with ash material delivery assembly 5 is installed on the frame assembly 1 of ground tile paving assembly 7 to pave assembly 8.
Concrete, sub-material assembly 4 comprises hopper 10, is hinged with sub-material conveyer belt 12 below hopper 10 by rotating shaft 11, sub-material conveyer belt 12 is provided with sub-material angular adjustment oil cylinder 13, rotates around rotating shaft 11 for controlling sub-material conveyer belt 12;
Sub-material conveyer belt 12 is driven by the sub-material power motor 14 be arranged on frame assembly 1, and sub-material power motor 14 drives the belt pulley 15 be arranged in rotating shaft 11 to rotate, and belt pulley 15 drives the driving wheel 17 of sub-material conveyer belt 12 to rotate by belt 16; Sub-material power motor 14 rotates forward, and be dispensed to by floor tile in floor tile delivery assembly 6, sub-material power motor 14 reverses, and ash material is dispensed in ash material delivery assembly 5.
Concrete, ash material delivery assembly 5 comprises ash material conveyer belt 18, the driving wheel 19 of ash material conveyer belt 18 is arranged on frame assembly 1, driven by ash material conveying motor 20, the driven pulley 21 of ash material conveyer belt 18 is arranged on ash material and paves on the main outer cover 24 of assembly 8, ash material conveyer belt 18 near ash material pave assembly 8 position frame assembly 1 on supplemental support driven pulley 22 is installed, in ash material paves assembly 8 lifting process, ash material conveyer belt 18 can rotate around supplemental support driven pulley 22.
Concrete, the ash material assembly 8 that paves comprises and is arranged on main outer cover 24 on frame assembly 1 by the ash material hoist cylinder 23 that paves, main outer cover 24 is provided with the ash material charging aperture 25 be connected with ash material delivery assembly 5, main outer cover 24 two ends are separately installed with left telescopic cover 26 and right telescopic cover 27;
The main spiral 28 that paves is installed in main outer cover 24, a left side is installed in left telescopic cover 26 and paves spiral 29, the right side is installed in right telescopic cover 27 and paves spiral 30;
The main spiral 28 that paves, left side spiral 29 and the right side spiral 30 that paves that paves all is driven by the ash material motor 31 that paves;
Main outer cover 24 is provided with the left telescopic oil cylinder 32 controlling left telescopic cover 26 and the right telescopic oil cylinder 33 controlling right telescopic cover 27.
Concrete, floor tile delivery assembly 6 comprises the floor tile Shai Qu mechanism 35 driven by screen tray CD-ROM drive motor 34 and the floor tile conveyer belt 37 driven by floor tile conveying motor 36;
Described floor tile Shai Qu mechanism 35 comprises the circular pens 38 be fixed on frame assembly 1, and the tangential direction of circular pens 38 offers a brick outlet 39, floor tile conveyer belt 37 connects with brick outlet 39;
Be provided with main screen tray 40 successively with one heart from inside to outside in circular pens 38, inner side assists screen tray 41 and outside to assist screen tray 42, described main screen tray 40 is frustum, the sidewall of main screen tray 40 is provided with radial floor tile slide rail 43 from top to bottom;
Frame assembly 1 below circular pens 38 is provided with screen tray CD-ROM drive motor 34, screen tray CD-ROM drive motor 34 drives main screen tray 40, inner side assists screen tray 41 and outside to assist screen tray 42 to rotate simultaneously, main screen tray 40 is for being rotated counterclockwise, the auxiliary screen tray 41 in inner side is for turning clockwise, the auxiliary screen tray 42 in outside, for turning clockwise, makes floor tile can sift out along the brick outlet 39 of circular pens 38;
Circular pens 38 inwall is provided with arc driving lever 44, makes floor tile individual layer arrangement in screening process.
Preferably, inner side assists screen tray 41 and outside to assist the roller 45 screen tray 42 being provided with and radially rolling, and makes floor tile under the influence of centrifugal force to wall slip in circular pens 38.
Concrete, ground tile paving assembly 7 comprises the housing 47 be arranged on by ground tile paving hoist cylinder 46 on frame assembly 1, is provided with floor tile switching mechanism 48, lays conveyer belt 49, lays guide rail 50, lifting body 51, propulsive mechanism 52, floor tile position adjusting mechanism 53 and floor tile arrange agencie 54 in housing 47;
Floor tile is inputted floor tile switching mechanism 48 by floor tile conveyer belt 37, and floor tile switching mechanism 48 outputs to after floor tile is overturn 180 ° lays conveyer belt 49, and floor tile is transported to the position of laying and being regulated one group of floor tile after on conveyer belt 49 by floor tile position adjusting mechanism 53;
Lay conveyer belt 49 side and the laying guide rail 50 landed is installed, lay below conveyer belt 49 and be provided with lifting body 51, lifting body 51 is provided with propulsive mechanism 52, the direction of motion of propulsive mechanism 52 is vertical with the direction of motion of laying conveyer belt 49 position has been adjusted after floor tile be pushed into lay on guide rail 50 from laying conveyer belt 49;
Floor tile arrange agencie 54 carries out clamping to the floor tile group of laying on guide rail 50 and arranges, along with frame assembly 1 retrogressing successively by ground tile paving on the ground;
Described floor tile switching mechanism 48 comprise by arc belt-driven motor 55 drive arc conveyer belt 56 and coordinate the turning wheel 57 clamping floor tile and overturn with arc conveyer belt 56;
Described laying conveyer belt 49 drives by laying conveyer belt stepper motor 58;
Described lifting body 51 comprises the jacking stepper motor 59 be arranged on housing 47, and jacking stepper motor 59 controlroof 60 is elevated along guide peg 61;
Described propulsive mechanism 52 comprises the multiple propulsion units 62 worked alone be arranged on top board 60; Described propulsion unit 62 comprises support 63, support 63 is provided with and advances stepper motor 64 and driven pulley 65, advances on stepper motor 64 and driven pulley 65 and is provided with conveyer belt 66, the surface of conveyer belt 66 is provided with a pair pushing plate 91; Lay conveyer belt 49 to pass in the middle of the conveyer belt 66 advanced between stepper motor 64 and driven pulley 65;
Described floor tile position adjusting mechanism 53 comprises and is arranged on screw mandrel 67 on housing 47 and polished rod 68, screw mandrel 67 is provided with the position adjustments stepper motor 69 moved along screw mandrel 67, polished rod 68 is provided with the controllable register 70 that can slide along polished rod 68, controllable register 70 and position adjustments stepper motor 69 are consolidated and realize feeding under the drives of position adjustments stepper motor 69;
Described floor tile arrange agencie 54 comprises and is arranged on screw mandrel 71 on housing 47 and polished rod 72, screw mandrel 71 is provided with the clamping stepper motor 73 moved along screw mandrel 71, polished rod 72 is provided with a pair clamping baffle plate 74 that can slide along polished rod 72, clamping baffle plate 74 is consolidated with clamping stepper motor 73, under the drive of tight stepper motor 73, realize feeding.
Concrete, clamping baffle plate 74 is the floor fitted with laying guide rail 50, clamping baffle plate 74 is processed with and the L shape chute 75 laid guide rail 50 and move towards consistent, the toothed track 76 coordinated with gear is provided with in L shape chute 75, floater guide block expansion link 77 two ends are arranged in the toothed track 76 of L shape chute 75 by gear, and floater guide block expansion link 77 moves along toothed track 76 under the drive of floater guide block stepper motor 78.
Concrete, floor tile delivery assembly 6 is also provided with brick face and detects overturning unit 9, brick face is detected overturning unit 9 and is comprised Zhuan Mian testing agency 79 and brick face switching mechanism 80;
Zhuan Mian testing agency 79 comprises the light source 81 be arranged on frame assembly 1, light grid 82 and optical sensor 83, light grid 82 is arranged between light source 81 and optical sensor 83, for isolating and absorbing the non-light beam reflected by floor tile of light source 81, light source 81 transmitted beam is radiated on brick face, light beam is reflected by brick face, folded light beam is detected by optical sensor 83, contrast according to the illumination that the illumination detected and light source 81 send, determine that brick face is shiny surface or matsurface, if shiny surface, then overturn by brick face switching mechanism 80, make matsurface upward.
Brick face switching mechanism 80 comprises the guide rail 84 be arranged near floor tile delivery assembly 6 on frame assembly 1, guide rail 84 is provided with the overturning seat 86 that can move along guide rail 84 under the drive of mobile stepper motor 85, overturning seat 86 is provided with upset stepper motor 87, upset stepper motor 87 is provided with upset folder 88, overturning seat 86 is fixed with vertical screw mandrel 89, screw mandrel 89 is provided with lifting stepper motor 90, lifting stepper motor 90 drives upset folder 88 relative to overturning seat 86 elevating movement.
The course of work of the present utility model is as described below:
Sub-material conveyer belt 12 is for alternately carrying out sub-material by floor tile and ash material, when loading floor tile in hopper 10, floor tile is assigned to floor tile delivery assembly 6, when loading ash material in hopper 10, ash material is assigned to ash material delivery assembly 5, the sub-material process of sub-material conveyer belt 12 regulates the angle of sub-material conveyer belt 12 to control by sub-material angular adjustment oil cylinder 13, realizes automatic feed dividing.During normal work, ground tile paving function and the ash material function that paves can independently realize, and under the prerequisite meeting speed of application, brick is laid function and the ash material function that paves and carried out simultaneously as needed, and the reception of hopper 10 pairs of floor tiles and ash material should hocket; As only needed ground tile paving function or the ash material function that paves to carry out separately, the reception of hopper 10 pairs of floor tiles or ash material is sustainable to be carried out.
Whole brick paving machine carries out Automated condtrol by PLC in the course of the work, also can be set to hand push button operation and control, carry out Automated condtrol preferably by PLC.
After the hopper 10 being arranged at the tail end of frame assembly 1 receives ash material, on the sub-material conveyer belt 12 that ash material is dropped below hopper 10 by the feed opening of hopper 10, the sub-material angular adjustment oil cylinder 13 that sub-material conveyer belt 12 is installed controls the angle of sub-material conveyer belt 12, sub-material conveyer belt 12 is tilted to ash material delivery assembly 5, sub-material power motor 14 reverses, and ash material is dispensed on the ash material conveyer belt 18 in ash material delivery assembly 5.Ash material to be passed in the ash material charging aperture 25 be connected with ash material delivery assembly 5 that main outer cover 24 is arranged by ash material conveyer belt 18 under the driving of ash material conveying motor 20, ash material pave the master of motor 31 driving pave spiral 28, a left side pave spiral 29 and the right side pave spiral 30 effect under ash material to be paved to ground.
After the hopper 10 being arranged at the tail end of frame assembly 1 receives floor tile, on the sub-material conveyer belt 12 that floor tile is dropped below hopper 10 by the feed opening of hopper 10, the sub-material angular adjustment oil cylinder 13 that sub-material conveyer belt 12 is installed controls the angle of sub-material conveyer belt 12, sub-material conveyer belt 12 is tilted to floor tile delivery assembly 6, sub-material power motor 14 rotates forward, and is dispensed to by floor tile in the floor tile Shai Qu mechanism 35 in floor tile delivery assembly 6.Wherein screen tray CD-ROM drive motor 34 drives main screen tray 40 by overlooking counterclockwise, the auxiliary screen tray 41 in inner side is by overlooking clockwise direction, the auxiliary screen tray 42 in outside counterclockwise rotates by auxiliary, in rotary course, slippage on screen tray 42 is assisted on floor tile slide rail 43 surface that floor tile is arranged under centrifugal force and Action of Gravity Field on main screen tray 40 sidewall to the inside auxiliary screen tray 41 and outside, blocked by circular pens 38, if occur in floor tile slipping, two floor tile superpositions or floor tile largest face do not contact the situation of the auxiliary screen tray 42 in outside completely, in the process of now assisting screen tray 42 to rotate in outside, because the floor tile of superposition and the floor tile of malposition cannot assist the space between screen tray 42 by arc driving lever 44 and outside smoothly, therefore can be stirred by arc driving lever 44 and overturn.Only be in auxiliary screen tray 42 border, outside and the floor tile contacted with circular pens 38 just can process carries motor 36 to drive by floor tile when through brick outlet 39 floor tile conveyer belt 37 export.
The detection of overturning unit 9 is detected in the brick face that floor tile after output is installed on floor tile delivery assembly 6, and detecting brick face is shiny surface or matsurface, if shiny surface, is then overturn by brick face switching mechanism 80, makes matsurface upward.Detect the floor tile continuing to export after overturning unit 9 under the conveying of floor tile conveyer belt 37, enter the arc conveyer belt 56 driven by arc belt-driven motor 55 in floor tile switching mechanism 48 through brick face and coordinate the intermediate gaps clamping the turning wheel 57 that floor tile overturns with arc conveyer belt 56, floor tile is overturn 180 ° by floor tile switching mechanism 48, make matsurface down, after output to and lay on laying conveyer belt 49 that conveyer belt stepper motor 58 drives.
Floor tile is transported to the position of laying and being regulated one group of floor tile after on conveyer belt 49 by the floor tile position adjusting mechanism 53 driven by position adjustments stepper motor 69 pre-set, regulate lifting body 51 jack-up of floor tile under being acted on by jacking stepper motor 59 of position be arranged at the promotion of the propelling stepper motor 64 of the propulsive mechanism 52 on lifting body 51 under enter be arranged at lay conveyer belt 49 side the laying guide rail 50 landed on floor tile arrange agencie 54 in, brick arrange agencie 54 falls under gravity along tile work guide rail 50 after floor tile group being clamped under the effect of clamping stepper motor 73, when starting working at first, when floor tile group quantity is also not enough to touch ground, floater guide block expansion link 77 under the drive of floater guide block stepper motor 78 along being arranged on progressively declining with the toothed track 76 of laying guide rail 50 and move towards consistent L shape chute 75 of processing on clamping baffle plate 74, prevent floor tile along the landing at random of laying guide rail 50.After first row's floor tile arrives ground, floater guide block expansion link 77 rises to end points along the toothed track 76 of L shape chute 75 afterbody, depart from stop to floor tile, floor tile follow-up subsequently is progressively layed on ground along laying in process that guide rail 50 retreats at fuselage under gravity.

Claims (10)

1. a full-automatic brick paving machine, comprises frame assembly (1), frame assembly (1) is provided with manipulation assembly (2) and engine assembly (3), it is characterized in that:
The sub-material assembly (4) that can separate ash material and floor tile is installed at the tail end of frame assembly (1), the frame assembly (1) of the below of sub-material assembly (4) is provided with ash material delivery assembly (5), between sub-material assembly (4) and ash material delivery assembly (5), is provided with floor tile delivery assembly (6);
The ground tile paving assembly (7) be connected with floor tile delivery assembly (6) is installed at the head end of frame assembly (1);
The ash material be connected with ash material delivery assembly (5) is installed on the frame assembly (1) of ground tile paving assembly (7) to pave assembly (8).
2. full-automatic brick paving machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described sub-material assembly (4) comprises hopper (10), hopper (10) below is hinged with sub-material conveyer belt (12) by rotating shaft (11), sub-material conveyer belt (12) being provided with sub-material angular adjustment oil cylinder (13), rotating around rotating shaft (11) for controlling sub-material conveyer belt (12);
Sub-material conveyer belt (12) is driven by the sub-material power motor (14) be arranged on frame assembly (1), sub-material power motor (14) drives the belt pulley (15) be arranged in rotating shaft (11) to rotate, and belt pulley (15) drives the driving wheel (17) of sub-material conveyer belt (12) to rotate by belt (16); Sub-material power motor (14) rotates forward, and is dispensed to by floor tile in floor tile delivery assembly (6), and sub-material power motor (14) reverses, and ash material is dispensed in ash material delivery assembly (5).
3. full-automatic brick paving machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described ash material delivery assembly (5) comprises ash material conveyer belt (18), the driving wheel (19) of ash material conveyer belt (18) is arranged on frame assembly (1), motor (20) is carried to drive by ash material, the driven pulley (21) of ash material conveyer belt (18) is arranged on ash material and paves on the main outer cover (24) of assembly (8), ash material conveyer belt (18) near ash material pave assembly (8) position frame assembly (1) on supplemental support driven pulley (22) is installed, in ash material paves assembly (8) lifting process, ash material conveyer belt (18) can rotate around supplemental support driven pulley (22).
4. full-automatic brick paving machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the described ash material assembly (8) that paves comprises and is arranged on main outer cover (24) on frame assembly (1) by the ash material hoist cylinder (23) that paves, main outer cover (24) is provided with the ash material charging aperture (25) be connected with ash material delivery assembly (5), main outer cover (24) two ends are separately installed with left telescopic cover (26) and right telescopic cover (27);
The main spiral (28) that paves is installed in main outer cover (24), a left side is installed in left telescopic cover (26) to pave spiral (29), the right side is installed in right telescopic cover (27) and paves spiral (30);
The main spiral (28) that paves, left side spiral (29) and the right side spiral (30) that paves that paves all to be paved motor (31) driving by ash material;
Main outer cover (24) is provided with the left telescopic oil cylinder (32) controlling left telescopic cover (26) and the right telescopic oil cylinder (33) controlling right telescopic cover (27).
5. full-automatic brick paving machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described floor tile delivery assembly (6) comprises the floor tile Shai Qu mechanism (35) driven by screen tray CD-ROM drive motor (34) and the floor tile conveyer belt (37) carrying motor (36) to drive by floor tile;
Described floor tile Shai Qu mechanism (35) comprises the circular pens (38) be fixed on frame assembly (1), the tangential direction of circular pens (38) offers a brick outlet (39), floor tile conveyer belt (37) connects with brick outlet (39);
From inside to outside main screen tray (40) is installed successively with one heart in circular pens (38), inner side assists screen tray (41) and outside to assist screen tray (42), described main screen tray (40) is frustum, the sidewall of main screen tray (40) is provided with radial floor tile slide rail (43) from top to bottom;
The frame assembly (1) of circular pens (38) below is provided with screen tray CD-ROM drive motor (34), screen tray CD-ROM drive motor (34) drives main screen tray (40), inner side assists screen tray (41) and outside to assist screen tray (42) to rotate simultaneously, main screen tray (40) is for being rotated counterclockwise, the auxiliary screen tray (41) in inner side is for turning clockwise, the auxiliary screen tray (42) in outside, for turning clockwise, makes floor tile can sift out along the brick outlet of circular pens (38) (39);
Circular pens (38) inwall is provided with arc driving lever (44), makes floor tile individual layer arrangement in screening process.
6. full-automatic brick paving machine as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: described inner side assists screen tray (41) and outside to assist the roller (45) screen tray (42) being provided with and radially rolling, and makes floor tile under the influence of centrifugal force to circular pens (38) interior wall slip.
7. full-automatic brick paving machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described ground tile paving assembly (7) comprises the housing (47) be arranged on by ground tile paving hoist cylinder (46) on frame assembly (1), floor tile switching mechanism (48) is installed in housing (47), lay conveyer belt (49), lay guide rail (50), lifting body (51), propulsive mechanism (52), floor tile position adjusting mechanism (53) and floor tile arrange agencie (54);
Floor tile is inputted floor tile switching mechanism (48) by floor tile conveyer belt (37), output to after floor tile is overturn 180 ° by floor tile switching mechanism (48) and lay conveyer belt (49), floor tile is transported to lays the upper rear position being regulated one group of floor tile by floor tile position adjusting mechanism (53) of conveyer belt (49);
Lay conveyer belt (49) side and the laying guide rail (50) landed is installed, lay conveyer belt (49) below and be provided with lifting body (51), lifting body (51) is provided with propulsive mechanism (52), the direction of motion of propulsive mechanism (52) is vertical with the direction of motion of laying conveyer belt (49) position has been adjusted after floor tile be pushed into lay on guide rail (50) from laying conveyer belt (49);
Floor tile arrange agencie (54) carries out clamping to the floor tile group of laying on guide rail (50) and arranges, along with frame assembly (1) retrogressing successively by ground tile paving on the ground;
Described floor tile switching mechanism (48) is comprised the arc conveyer belt (56) that driven by arc belt-driven motor (55) and coordinates the turning wheel (57) clamping floor tile and overturn with arc conveyer belt (56);
Described laying conveyer belt (49) drives by laying conveyer belt stepper motor (58);
Described lifting body (51) comprises the jacking stepper motor (59) be arranged on housing (47), and jacking stepper motor (59) controlroof (60) is elevated along guide peg (61);
Described propulsive mechanism (52) comprises the multiple propulsion units (62) worked alone be arranged on top board (60); Described propulsion unit (62) comprises support (63), support (63) is provided with and advances stepper motor (64) and driven pulley (65), advance on stepper motor (64) and driven pulley (65) and conveyer belt (66) is installed, the surface of conveyer belt (66) is provided with a pair pushing plate (91); Lay conveyer belt (49) to pass in the middle of the conveyer belt (66) advanced between stepper motor (64) and driven pulley (65);
Described floor tile position adjusting mechanism (53) comprises and is arranged on screw mandrel (67) on housing (47) and polished rod (68), screw mandrel (67) is provided with the position adjustments stepper motor (69) moved along screw mandrel (67), polished rod (68) is provided with the controllable register (70) that can slide along polished rod (68), controllable register (70) and position adjustments stepper motor (69) are consolidated and realize feeding under the drives of position adjustments stepper motor (69);
Described floor tile arrange agencie (54) comprises and is arranged on screw mandrel (71) on housing (47) and polished rod (72), screw mandrel (71) is provided with the clamping stepper motor (73) moved along screw mandrel (71), polished rod (72) is provided with a pair clamping baffle plate (74) can slided along polished rod (72), clamping baffle plate (74) is consolidated with clamping stepper motor (73), under the drive of tight stepper motor (73), realize feeding.
8. full-automatic brick paving machine as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that: described clamping baffle plate (74) is the floor fitted with laying guide rail (50), clamping baffle plate (74) is processed with and the L shape chute (75) laid guide rail (50) and move towards consistent, the toothed track (76) coordinated with gear is provided with in L shape chute (75), floater guide block expansion link (77) two ends are arranged in the toothed track (76) of L shape chute (75) by gear, floater guide block expansion link (77) moves along toothed track (76) under the drive of floater guide block stepper motor (78).
9. full-automatic brick paving machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described floor tile delivery assembly (6) is also provided with brick face and detects overturning unit (9), described brick face is detected overturning unit (9) and is comprised Zhuan Mian testing agency (79) and brick face switching mechanism (80);
Described Zhuan Mian testing agency (79) comprises the light source (81) be arranged on frame assembly (1), light grid (82) and optical sensor (83), light grid (82) is arranged between light source (81) and optical sensor (83), for isolating and absorbing the non-light beam reflected by floor tile of light source (81), light source (81) transmitted beam is radiated on brick face, light beam is reflected by brick face, folded light beam is detected by optical sensor (83), contrast according to the illumination that the illumination detected and light source (81) send, determine that brick face is shiny surface or matsurface, if shiny surface, then by brick face switching mechanism (80) upset, make matsurface upward.
10. full-automatic brick paving machine as claimed in claim 9, it is characterized in that: described brick face switching mechanism (80) comprises the guide rail (84) being arranged on the upper close floor tile delivery assembly (6) of frame assembly (1), guide rail (84) is provided with the overturning seat (86) that can move along guide rail (84) under the drive of mobile stepper motor (85), overturning seat (86) is provided with upset stepper motor (87), upset stepper motor (87) is provided with upset folder (88), overturning seat (86) is fixed with vertical screw mandrel (89), screw mandrel (89) is provided with lifting stepper motor (90), lifting stepper motor (90) drives upset folder (88) relative to overturning seat (86) elevating movement.
CN201520374495.4U 2015-06-03 2015-06-03 A kind of full-automatic brick paving machine CN204715178U (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104975555A (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-10-14 长安大学 Automatic paving machine
CN105568830A (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-05-11 邢鹏达 Equipment for paving curbstone on two sides of road
CN106121206A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-16 陆玥 A kind of full-automatic architecture indoor ground tile paving machine performs device
CN107059570A (en) * 2017-05-07 2017-08-18 钟建筑 A kind of automatic laying trade brick device
CN107859305A (en) * 2017-10-25 2018-03-30 刘有生 A kind of floor file panel assembly
CN107882301A (en) * 2017-10-25 2018-04-06 刘有生 A kind of automatic silt evener
CN108487012A (en) * 2016-06-23 2018-09-04 吴彬 A kind of road surface of high degree of automation ground brick masonry Work robot
CN109811626A (en) * 2017-05-10 2019-05-28 郑州艾莫弗信息技术有限公司 A kind of automatic tile work device in ground
CN110512498A (en) * 2019-08-26 2019-11-29 李景军 A kind of bridge Road panel brick automatic laying device
CN111305016A (en) * 2020-03-31 2020-06-19 周现友 Integrated form brick paving machine

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104975555A (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-10-14 长安大学 Automatic paving machine
CN105568830A (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-05-11 邢鹏达 Equipment for paving curbstone on two sides of road
CN106121206A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-16 陆玥 A kind of full-automatic architecture indoor ground tile paving machine performs device
CN108487012B (en) * 2016-06-23 2019-12-20 吴彬 Automatic change high road surface ceramic tile of degree and build operation robot by laying bricks or stones
CN108487012A (en) * 2016-06-23 2018-09-04 吴彬 A kind of road surface of high degree of automation ground brick masonry Work robot
CN106121206B (en) * 2016-06-23 2018-06-01 湖南工学院 A kind of full-automatic architecture indoor ground tile paving machine executive device
CN107059570B (en) * 2017-05-07 2019-01-04 中建一局集团第五建筑有限公司 A kind of automatic laying trade brick device
CN107059570A (en) * 2017-05-07 2017-08-18 钟建筑 A kind of automatic laying trade brick device
CN109811626A (en) * 2017-05-10 2019-05-28 郑州艾莫弗信息技术有限公司 A kind of automatic tile work device in ground
CN107882301A (en) * 2017-10-25 2018-04-06 刘有生 A kind of automatic silt evener
CN107859305A (en) * 2017-10-25 2018-03-30 刘有生 A kind of floor file panel assembly
CN110512498A (en) * 2019-08-26 2019-11-29 李景军 A kind of bridge Road panel brick automatic laying device
CN111305016A (en) * 2020-03-31 2020-06-19 周现友 Integrated form brick paving machine

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