CN109667415B - Floor tile laying device - Google Patents

Floor tile laying device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109667415B
CN109667415B CN201910006689.1A CN201910006689A CN109667415B CN 109667415 B CN109667415 B CN 109667415B CN 201910006689 A CN201910006689 A CN 201910006689A CN 109667415 B CN109667415 B CN 109667415B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rack
controller
gear
rod
belt
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Application number
CN201910006689.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109667415A (en
Inventor
张栋梁
杨凯
杜世涛
齐晓娟
张峰山
原增欢
杨耀增
邱创立
蒋丽楠
李小艳
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Zhengzhou No1 Construction Engineering Group Co ltd
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Zhengzhou No1 Construction Engineering Group Co ltd
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Priority to CN201910006689.1A priority Critical patent/CN109667415B/en
Publication of CN109667415A publication Critical patent/CN109667415A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109667415B publication Critical patent/CN109667415B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F21/00Implements for finishing work on buildings
    • E04F21/20Implements for finishing work on buildings for laying flooring
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F21/00Implements for finishing work on buildings
    • E04F21/20Implements for finishing work on buildings for laying flooring
    • E04F21/22Implements for finishing work on buildings for laying flooring of single elements, e.g. flooring cramps ; flexible webs

Abstract

The invention relates to a floor tile laying device, which utilizes the reversing action of a transition belt to convey floor tiles to the front side or the rear side of the floor tile laying device, the paved floor tiles can not be rolled in the process of the trolley advancing, and a slurry paving device is added at the same time, two processes of slurry laying and floor tile laying are respectively carried out in reciprocating strokes, and in the process of laying the floor tiles, the axle end of the wheel is connected with a reduction gearbox, the output shaft of the reduction gearbox is connected with a trigger device through a first deflector rod, the first rack, the electric telescopic rod and the gripping device work cooperatively to lay the floor tiles on the laid slurry, the space for laying the floor tiles can be adjusted manually due to the existence of the reduction box, and the device is high in practicability.

Description

Floor tile laying device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of paving devices, and particularly relates to a floor tile paving device.
Background
Floor tiles are a floor finishing material, also called floor tiles. Is prepared by firing clay. The specifications are various. Firm, pressure-resistant, wear-resistant and moisture-proof. Some of them are glazed and have a decorative effect. It is used for the ground and floor of public buildings and civil buildings. The floor tiles have various designs and colors and wide choice, and can be divided into glazed tiles, full-body tiles (anti-skid tiles), polished tiles,
Vitrified tiles, and the like. The floor tile is used as a ground material for large-area pavement, and building environments with different styles are created by utilizing the color and the texture of the floor tile. For example, in large public buildings such as hospitals and municipal buildings, the floor tiles are laid over a large area, and therefore, a large amount of manpower, material resources, and financial resources are required for the floor tile laying process, and the laying efficiency and the cost are high.
Most of the existing common floor tile laying methods adopt manual laying, the automation degree is low, the working efficiency is low, the engineering progress is not accelerated, a large amount of labor is consumed, and therefore the problems are solved urgently by a floor tile laying device.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above problems, the present invention provides a floor tile laying device that solves the problems mentioned in the background art.
The scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: a floor tile laying device comprises a frame and is characterized in that the upper end of the frame is connected with a tile storage box, the lower end of the right side of the tile storage box is provided with a tile outlet, a pushing device is connected in the tile storage box and can push floor tiles in a storage box out of the tile outlet, the pushing device is connected with a controller, a transition transmission device which is connected to the upper end of the frame and used for conveying transverse floor tiles is arranged below the tile outlet, a transition belt is longitudinally arranged at the right end of the transition transmission device and longitudinally sleeved on two groups of belt rollers which are rotatably connected to the upper end of the frame, one belt roller is coaxially connected with a forward and reverse rotation motor, the forward and reverse rotation motor is connected with the controller, the upper end of the frame is connected with a top plate, the lower end of the top plate is longitudinally and rotatably connected with a long gear arranged on the right side of the transition belt, the upper end of the long gear is meshed with a first rack which is transversely arranged and limited between the long gear and the top plate, the right end of the first rack is connected with a vertically downward electric telescopic rod, the lower end part of the electric telescopic rod is connected with a gripping device, the electric telescopic rod is connected with a controller to meet the requirement that the gripping device can absorb floor tiles to move, the left end of the first rack is in threaded fit with a first lead screw which is longitudinally arranged, the first lead screw is rotationally connected between two groups of sliding blocks which are transversely connected at the lower end of the top plate, the first lead screw is arranged at the left side of the long gear and meets the requirement that the first lead screw only moves transversely, one end of the long gear is coaxially connected with a first motor which is fixedly arranged at the lower end of the top plate, the first motor is connected with the controller, and the first lead screw is in threaded fit with one of the sliding blocks and is coaxially connected with, the second motor is connected with the controller;
the left end of the first rack is longitudinally connected with a second rack, the rack is rotatably connected with two groups of first gears which are arranged at a longitudinal interval and on the right side of the transition belt, the second rack can be meshed with the first gears in the longitudinal movement process of the long gears, the transverse movement of the second rack at the front end and the rear end of the long gears is not influenced by the first gears, the first gears are meshed with one second gear which is rotatably connected with the rack, the second gear is coaxially connected with a belt pulley, a driving belt is sleeved between the two groups of belt pulleys, the left side of the driving belt is connected with a U-shaped baffle plate, the two ends of the U-shaped baffle plate, which is longitudinally and slidably connected with the rack, are arc-shaped, the U-shaped baffle plate is arranged at the upper end of the transition belt and is in intermittent fit with the U-shaped baffle plate, the left side of the second gear is provided with a limit, two groups of inclined straightening devices connected to the front end and the rear end of the rack are respectively arranged at outlets on the front side and the rear side of the transition belt, the inclined straightening devices are connected with a control module, the inclined straightening devices can straighten floor tiles, the first motor, the electric telescopic rod and the gripping device are all connected with the control module through a controller, the inclined straightening devices can control the first motor, the electric telescopic rod and the gripping device to work cooperatively through the control module and the controller, and the gripping device can lay the floor tiles on the gripped inclined straightening devices on the ground;
two groups of wheels which are longitudinally and rotatably connected are transversely arranged below the rack at intervals, the wheels on the right side are coaxially connected with a power device, the wheels on the right side are coaxially connected with a reduction gearbox which is arranged on one side of the rack, an output shaft of the reduction gearbox is coaxially provided with a transmission shaft which is rotatably arranged on one end of the rack, a clutch is connected between the transmission shaft and the output shaft of the reduction gearbox, the clutch is connected with a controller, the shaft end of the transmission shaft is connected with a first deflector rod, the first deflector rod is matched with a trigger device, the trigger device is triggered after the first deflector rod rotates for one circle, so that the power device stops and the pushing device works to push floor tiles out of the;
the left end of frame is connected with mud laying device, satisfies mud laying device and can lay mud subaerial.
Preferably, the inclined straightening device comprises an object receiving plate which is arranged at an outlet of the transition belt and is obliquely arranged, a barrier strip extends out of the lower end of the object receiving plate, a separating rod is connected to the object receiving plate, a hydraulic cylinder arranged on the left side of the separating plate is connected to the object receiving plate, the hydraulic cylinder is connected with a controller, a hydraulic rod penetrating the separating rod is connected to the hydraulic cylinder, a push plate arranged on the right side of the separating plate is connected to the right end of the hydraulic rod, a piezoelectric sensor is mounted on the barrier strip and connected with the controller, the piezoelectric sensor triggers the hydraulic cylinder through the controller to drive the hydraulic rod to complete movement of one stroke, an object carrying plate is rotatably connected to the right end of the object receiving plate, the lower end of the push plate penetrates through the object receiving plate to be connected with a transversely arranged third rack, and the lower end of the third rack is meshed with a third gear rotatably, the third gear is coaxially connected with a first bevel gear, the lower end of the carrying plate is longitudinally connected with a moving block in a sliding manner, the lower end of the moving block is hinged with a vertically arranged second lead screw, the second lead screw is externally threaded and is matched with a sleeve which is vertically and rotationally connected to the rack, the first bevel gear is meshed with a second bevel gear which is vertically and rotationally connected to the rack, a rotating shaft of the second bevel gear is in transmission connection with the sleeve through a belt, the lower end of a third rack is meshed with a one-way gear which is rotationally connected to the rack and is arranged on the left side of the third gear, the one-way gear is coaxially connected with a second driving lever, the right side of the second driving lever is provided with a third driving lever which is rotationally connected to the rack, the second driving lever and the third driving lever are matched to drive the third driving lever to rotate and can be separated, and the upper, the upper end of the first spring is connected with a piezoelectric sensor fixed on the rack, the piezoelectric sensor is connected with the controller and the control module, and the control module controls the first motor, the electric telescopic rod and the grabbing device to work in cooperation through the controller.
Preferably, the gripping device comprises a horizontal plate arranged at the lower end of the electric telescopic rod, four groups of vacuum chucks are connected around the horizontal plate, the vacuum chucks are connected into a vacuum pump fixedly arranged at the upper end of the horizontal plate through air pipes, and the vacuum pump is connected with the control module through a controller.
Preferably, the slurry laying device comprises a longitudinally arranged slide rail arranged at the left end of the rack, a slurry storage cylinder is longitudinally connected in the slide rail in a sliding manner, a mixing cylinder connected to the rack is arranged above the slide rail, a mixing rod is rotatably arranged in the mixing cylinder, the mixing rod is driven to rotate by a third motor fixedly arranged on the rack, and the lower end of the mixing cylinder is open so as to enable slurry in the mixing cylinder to fall into the storage cylinder;
the belt pulley coaxial arrangement is equipped with first worm wheel, first worm wheel meshing has a horizontal rotation to connect the first worm in the frame, first worm coaxial coupling has the left second worm of first worm of arranging in, screw thread on first worm and the second worm is to opposite, the vertical second worm wheel of connecting in the frame of rotating of second worm meshing, both sides are provided with two sets of fourth gears of rotating the connection in the frame respectively around the second worm wheel, it is connected to carry out the transmission through the belt between the pivot of fourth gear and the pivot of second worm wheel, the right side of mud storage cylinder is connected with the fourth rack of a vertical setting, the fourth rack meshes respectively with four groups of fourth gears at longitudinal movement's in-process, the upper end of fourth rack vertically is provided with the fifth rack of connection in mud storage cylinder one side, be provided with between the upper end of churn lower extreme exit and mud storage cylinder and rotate the connection in the frame The bushing plate is coaxially connected with a fifth gear, the fifth gear is meshed with a fifth rack, a circular through hole matched with the outlet end of the mixing drum is formed in the bushing plate, so that the rotation of the bushing plate can enable slurry in the mixing drum to flow into the slurry storage drum through the through hole, two groups of slurry hydraulic cylinders connected to the rack are arranged above the front end and the rear end of the sliding rail, the lower ends of the slurry hydraulic cylinders are connected with a slurry hydraulic telescopic rod, the lower end of the slurry hydraulic telescopic rod is connected with a rectangular push rod, the rectangular push rod is matched with the slurry storage drum and can push the slurry in the slurry storage drum out downwards, the front end and the rear end of the sliding rail are connected with piezoelectric sensors, the piezoelectric sensors are connected with a controller, and the slurry hydraulic cylinders are controlled to work by the controller;
the mud storage cylinder is characterized in that a plurality of groups of conical mud outlets are longitudinally arranged at intervals at the lower end of the mud storage cylinder, two sides of the lower end of the mud storage cylinder are longitudinally connected with two groups of mud guards in a sliding mode, the mud guards are arranged at the lower end of the mud outlets and are in clearance fit with the mud outlets, one end, far away from the center, of each mud guard is rotatably connected with a third lead screw in threaded fit with the mud storage cylinder, and one end, far away from the center, of each third lead screw is connected with a.
Preferably, the pushing device comprises an auxiliary box connected to the left end of the brick storage box, an electric push rod is installed in the auxiliary box and connected with the controller, an L-shaped push rod is connected to the end of the electric push rod, so that the L-shaped push rod can push out the floor tiles at the bottom of the brick storage box from the brick outlet, and the floor tiles above the pushing device do not fall down in the pushing process.
Preferably, the power device comprises a first belt pulley coaxially connected to a wheel rotating shaft and a fourth motor fixed at the lower end of the frame, the fourth motor is connected with the controller, an output shaft of the fourth motor is coaxially connected with a second belt pulley, and a transmission belt is sleeved between the first belt pulley and the second belt pulley.
Preferably, transition transmission includes horizontal interval and the vertical driving roller of rotating connection in the frame, and the cover is equipped with the transportation belt between two sets of driving rollers, one of them the pivot of driving roller and the output shaft coaxial coupling of the fifth motor of fixed mounting in the frame.
Preferably, the triggering device comprises a fourth shifting lever which is rotatably connected to the rack and matched with the first shifting lever, a second spring is vertically arranged at the upper end of the fourth shifting lever, the upper end of the second spring is connected with a piezoelectric sensor fixedly connected to the rack, the piezoelectric sensor is connected with the controller, the controller controls the pushing device to push out the floor tiles, and meanwhile, the working state of the power device is controlled.
Preferably, two corners between the transition transmission device and the transition belt are respectively provided with an arc transition plate connected to the rack.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention utilizes the reversing action of the transition belt to convey floor tiles to the front side or the rear side of the invention, the paved floor tiles cannot be rolled in the process of the travelling of the trolley, and simultaneously, the slurry paving device is added, two processes of slurry paving and floor tile paving are respectively carried out in the reciprocating stroke, in the process of paving the floor tiles, the shaft end of the wheel is connected with the reduction box, the output shaft of the reduction box is connected with the trigger device through the first deflector rod, so that the first rack, the electric telescopic rod and the gripping device work cooperatively to pave the floor tiles on the paved slurry, the space of the paved floor tiles can be manually adjusted due to the existence of the reduction box, the practicability is strong, the structure is ingenious, the automation degree of paving is greatly improved, a large amount of manpower and material resources are saved, and the paving efficiency of the floor tiles is greatly improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the first stereoscopic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a front view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a left side view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a bottom view of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the second embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a partial perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a perspective view of the tilt and rectification device according to the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a perspective view of the tilt and rectification device of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of a trigger device and a connecting portion thereof according to the present invention.
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a portion of the tilt calibrating device according to the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a perspective view of the grasping apparatus and the connecting portion thereof according to the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a perspective view of the mud installation device according to the present invention.
Fig. 13 is a perspective view of the mud installation device according to the present invention.
Fig. 14 is a schematic structural view of a bushing and its connection part according to the present invention.
FIG. 15 is a perspective view of the mud storage cylinder of the present invention.
Fig. 16 is a perspective view of the stirring rod of the present invention.
Fig. 17 is a schematic structural view of an L-shaped push rod according to the present invention.
The slurry conveying device comprises a frame 1, a brick storage box 2, a brick outlet 3, a transition belt 4, a belt roller 5, a forward and reverse rotating motor 6, a top plate 7, a long gear 8, a first rack 9, an electric telescopic rod 10, a first lead screw 11, a sliding block 12, a first motor 13, a second motor 14, a second motor 15, a second rack 16, a first gear 17, a second gear 18, a belt pulley 18, a driving belt 19, a U-shaped baffle 20, a limit switch 21, a wheel 22, a reduction gearbox 23, a transmission shaft 24, a clutch 25, a first driving rod 26, a second driving rod 27, a receiving plate 28, a blocking strip 29, a separating rod 30, a hydraulic cylinder 31, an arc hydraulic rod 32, a push plate 32, a loading plate 33, a carrying rack 34, a third vacuum pump 35, a third gear, a first bevel gear 36, a first bevel gear 37, a second bevel gear 37, a third screw 38, a sleeve 40, a gear 41, a gear 42, a second gear 42, a third push rod 44, a fourth push rod 65, a third push rod 65, a fourth push rod, a fifth belt pulley, a fifth belt, a.
Detailed Description
The following describes embodiments of the present invention in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment one, with reference to fig. 1-17, a floor tile laying device comprises a frame 1, wherein the frame 1 is connected at its upper end to a tile storage box 2, the tile storage box has an opening at its upper end, the tile storage box 2 has a size matching with the size of a tile to be laid or slightly larger than the size of the tile to be laid, the right-hand lower end of the tile storage box is provided with a tile outlet 3, the tile outlet 3 is arranged at the right-hand lower side of the tile storage box, the tile outlet 3 can only discharge one tile at a time, the tile outlet 3 is in a strip shape, the tile storage box 2 is connected with a pushing device, the pushing device can push the floor tile in the tile storage box 2 out of the tile outlet 3, the pushing device is connected with a controller, the controller can trigger the pushing device to complete one stroke, and then push the tile in the tile storage box out of the tile outlet 3, the pushing device is shown in detail in the following embodiments, the pushing device can be various, a transition transmission device which is connected to the upper end of the machine frame 1 and used for conveying horizontal floor tiles is arranged below the tile outlet 3, the transition transmission device plays a role in transition and conveys the floor tiles, namely the floor tiles, out of an outlet, the transition transmission device conveys the horizontal floor tiles, a transition belt 4 is longitudinally arranged at the right end of the transition transmission device, the transition belt 4 is arranged at the outlet of the transition transmission device, the transition belt 4 is longitudinally sleeved on two groups of belt rollers 5 which are rotatably connected to the upper end of the machine frame 1, the two groups of belt rollers 5 are transversely rotatably connected to a fixed seat fixedly arranged at the upper end of the machine frame 1, the transition belt 4 plays a role in transverse transition transmission of the floor tiles, the transition belt 4 is arranged at the position, because cement slurry and the floor tiles are laid in the same time, and when the floor tiles are laid, the device cannot be rolled on the slurry, meanwhile, the tile can not be rolled on the laid tile, so that the tile is conveyed to the front side and the rear side of the trolley of the device by arranging the longitudinal transition belts 4, mud and the tile can be laid on the front side and the rear side of the trolley, the mechanized trolley is prevented from being rolled on the mud, meanwhile, the tile can not be rolled on the laid tile all the time, the S-shaped laying of the trolley is matched, the tile can be effectively and efficiently laid in an area where the tile is to be laid, meanwhile, the laid part is arranged on the side surface, namely the front side and the rear side of the trolley, the corner position in the laid area can be laid, the device is simple and practical, one belt roller 5 is coaxially connected with the forward and reverse rotation motor 6, the forward and reverse rotation motor 6 is connected with the controller, and the forward and reverse rotation motor 6 can be controlled to turn by the controller, the forward and reverse rotation motor 6 can drive the belt 19 roller to rotate and reverse the roller, so that the transmission direction of the transition belt 4 is changed, floor tiles on the transition belt 4 are conveyed to the front side or the rear side of the trolley, the upper end of the rack 1 is connected with the top plate 7, the bottom plate is arranged above the transition belt 4, the lower end of the top plate 7 is longitudinally and rotatably connected with a long gear 8 arranged on the right side of the transition belt 4, the length of the long gear 8 is as long as possible, two ends of the long gear 8 extend out of the front side and the rear side of the trolley, the long gear 8 can enable the gear meshed with the long gear to longitudinally slide while playing a role of transmitting transverse power, the upper end of the long gear 8 is meshed with a first rack 9 which is transversely arranged and limited between the long gear 8 and the top plate 7, the first rack 9 can transversely move between the long gear 8 and the top plate 7, but the first rack 9 is limited between, the rotation of the first rack 9 is prevented, the first rack 9 is prevented from being turned over due to the force of the end part, the first rack 9 can only move transversely, the right end of the first rack 9 is connected with an electric telescopic rod 10 which is arranged vertically downwards, the lower end part of the electric telescopic rod 10 is connected with a grabbing device, the electric telescopic rod 10 is connected with a controller, the grabbing device can adsorb floor tiles to move, the electric telescopic rod 10 can move vertically under the control of the controller, the grabbing device adsorbs and puts down the floor tiles, the structure of the grabbing device is provided, the grabbing devices adopted by different floor tiles are different, the electric telescopic rod 10 plays a role in adjusting the position of the grabbing device in the vertical direction, and the device can grab and put down more precisely, a first lead screw 11 which is longitudinally arranged is penetrated at the left end of the first rack 9 in a threaded fit manner, the first lead screw 11 is rotatably connected between two groups of sliding blocks 12 which are transversely connected at the lower end of the top plate 7, the first lead screw 11 is arranged at the left side of the long gear 8 and meets the requirement that the first lead screw 11 only transversely moves, the two groups of sliding blocks 12 are transversely and slidably connected at the front side and the rear side of the lower end of the top plate 7, namely, the front side and the rear side of the lower end of the top plate 7 are provided with two transverse T-shaped grooves, the sliding blocks 12 are connected with a slideway with a T-shaped cross section, the two groups of sliding blocks are matched, so that the first rack 9 and the sliding blocks 12 can only transversely move, the sliding blocks 12 are arranged at the left side of the long gear 8, meanwhile, due to the limitation of the top plate 7 and the long gear 8, the moment generated by a heavy object at the right end of the first gear 16, the first motor 13 is connected with a controller, the first motor 13 is controlled by the controller to rotate and simultaneously drives the long gear 8 to rotate, the rotation of the long gear 8 enables the first lead screw 11, the sliders 12, the second motor 14 and the first rack 9 to generate displacement in the transverse direction, the first lead screw is threaded through one of the sliders 12 and is coaxially connected with the second motor 14 at the end part, the second motor 14 is connected with the controller, the second motor 14 is controlled by the controller to drive the second motor 14 to rotate, the second motor 14 drives the first lead screw 11 to rotate, the rotation of the first lead screw 11 enables the first rack 9 to generate longitudinal displacement on the long gear 8 because the sliders 12 are limited and cannot rotate;
the left end of the first rack 9 is longitudinally connected with a second rack 15, teeth of the second rack 15 are opened at the left end, the rack 1 is rotatably connected with two groups of first gears 16 which are longitudinally arranged at intervals and are arranged at the right side of the transition belt 4, the second rack 15 can be meshed with the first gear 16 in the longitudinal movement process of the long gear 8, the transverse movement of the second rack 15 at the front end and the rear end of the long gear 8 is not influenced by the first gear 16, the second rack 15 can be meshed with the first gear 16 in the longitudinal movement process, namely, when the first rack 9 is longitudinally moved to a working position, namely, a limit position at the front side and the rear side, the second rack 15 is not meshed with the first gear 16, the movement of the second rack 15 in the transverse direction is not limited, and meanwhile, the meshing of the racks and the gears needs the accuracy of position meshing, so that, at the position of the second rack 15 in the longitudinal movement, the position of the first rack 9 should be at the extreme position of the right end, at this time, the second rack 15 can ensure the engagement with the first gear 16, that is, only the first rack 9 is at the extreme position of the right side, the first rack 9 can move in the longitudinal direction, the first gear 16 engages with a second gear 17 rotatably connected to the frame 1, the second gear 17 plays a role of reversing, the second gear 17 is coaxially connected with a belt pulley 18, a driving belt 19 is sleeved between two groups of belt pulleys 18, the left side of the driving belt 19 is connected with a U-shaped baffle 20 which is longitudinally slidably connected to the frame 1 and has two ends in an arc shape, the upper end of the frame 1 is provided with a chute with an inverted "T" shaped section, one side of the U-shaped baffle 20 is connected with a chute with an inverted "T" shaped section, the chute and the chute are longitudinally slidably matched, so that the U-shaped baffle 20 can only move longitudinally, the left side of the driving belt 19 is connected with the middle position of the U-shaped baffle 20, the rotation of the driving belt 19 drives the U-shaped baffle 20 to move longitudinally, similarly, the purpose of the second gear 17 is to drive the U-shaped plate and the second gear 15 to move backwards or forwards together in the engagement of the second gear 15 and the first gear 16, and in the process of the backward or forward movement of the second gear 15, due to the existence of the second gear 17, the driving belt 19 also drives the U-shaped plate and the second gear 15 to move backwards or forwards together, so that if the front side work or the back side work, the U-shaped baffle 20 and the first gear 9 are both in the working position, the U-shaped baffle 20 is placed at the upper end of the transition belt 4 and is in intermittent fit with the U-shaped baffle 20, the longitudinal movement of the U-shaped baffle 20 enables the floor tiles on the transition belt 4 to perform a good guiding function, and it should be noted that the length of the U-shaped baffle 20, when the transition belt 4 is moved to a working position, the U-shaped plate cannot influence the floor tiles on the transition belt 4 to be conveyed out from the outlet, the left side of the second gear 17 is provided with a limit switch 21 connected to the frame 1, two groups of limit switches 21 are both connected with the forward and reverse rotation motor 6 through the controller, when the second gear 17 drives the driving belt 19 to rotate to the working position, the limit switch 21 on the corresponding side is triggered between the connecting rods between the driving belt 19 and the U-shaped baffle 20, the rotation direction of the forward and reverse rotation motor 6 is controlled through the controller by the limit switch 21, when the limit switch 21 on the front side is triggered, the forward and reverse rotation motor 6 rotates forward to enable the transition belt 4 to rotate forward, when the limit switch 21 on the rear side is triggered, the forward and reverse rotation motor 6 rotates backward to enable the transition belt 4 to rotate backward, the outlets on the front side and the rear side of the transition belt 4 are respectively provided with two groups of inclined centering devices connected to, the inclined straightening device is connected with a control module, the inclined straightening device can straighten floor tiles, the first motor 13, the electric telescopic rod 10 and the grabbing device are all connected with the control module through a controller, the inclined straightening device can control the first motor 13, the electric telescopic rod 10 and the grabbing device to work cooperatively through the control module through the controller, the grabbing device can lay the floor tiles on the inclined straightening device on the ground, the inclined straightening device straightens the floor tiles at the outlet of the transition belt 4, meanwhile, the control module triggers the electric telescopic rod 10 and the grabbing device to grab the floor tiles, the floor tiles are laid on the ground, and specific structures of the inclined straightening device are given in the following embodiments;
two groups of wheels 22 which are longitudinally and rotatably connected are transversely arranged below the rack 1 at intervals, the right wheels 22 are coaxially connected with a power device, the power device provides power input for the device, meanwhile, a reversing mechanism is connected between the two wheels 22 on the left side, namely the device can be steered through the reversing mechanism in the walking process, the reversing mechanism is in the prior art, the reversing mechanism is arranged on the existing vehicle body and is easily imaginable by a person skilled in the art, the description is omitted here, in addition, a cab is not shown in the figure, namely, the device can be operated in a remote control mode, the technology is simple and convenient, the description is omitted here, the right wheels 22 are coaxially connected with a reduction gearbox 23 arranged on one side of the rack 1, an output shaft of the reduction gearbox 23 is coaxially provided with a transmission shaft 24 which is rotatably arranged on one end of the rack 1, the clutch 25 is connected between the transmission shaft 24 and the output shaft of the reduction gearbox 23, the clutch 25 is connected with the controller, the working state of the clutch 25 can be controlled by the controller, when the clutch 25 is controlled to work, the transmission shaft 24 is connected with the output shaft of the reduction gearbox 23 for power transmission, when the clutch 25 is controlled to stop working, the transmission shaft 24 is separated from the reduction gearbox 23 for power, the power on the output shaft of the reduction gearbox 23 cannot be transmitted to the transmission shaft 24, the shaft end of the transmission shaft 24 is connected with a first deflector rod 26, the first deflector rod 26 is matched with a trigger device, the trigger device is triggered after the first deflector rod 26 rotates for one circle, the power device stops and pushes the floor tiles out of the floor tile storage box 2, the reduction gearbox 23 is arranged for the purpose of pushing the floor tiles out of the floor tile storage box 2 when the clutch 25 works, namely in the process of laying floor tiles, the wheel 22 rotates to drive the device to move towards the right side, wherein the reduction gearbox 23 is provided with different reduction gears, namely, the gears of the reduction gearbox 23 can be adjusted according to the sizes of different floor tiles, when the wheel 22 rotates, the reduction gearbox 23 is adjusted at a fixed traveling speed, so that the rotation of an output shaft of the reduction gearbox 23 can be changed differently, at the moment, when the first deflector rod 26 rotates for a circle to trigger the trigger device, the traveling distance of the device can be controlled because the length of time for the first deflector rod 26 to trigger the trigger device is changed, because the trigger device triggers the power device to stop working through the controller, once the trigger signal disappears, the power device recovers power, the clutch 25 is added at the position, when the floor tiles are not required to be laid at ordinary times, the clutch 25 is opened, so that the transmission shaft 24 and the reduction gearbox 23 are in a power separation state, therefore, the normal walking of the device is not influenced, and meanwhile, the position of the first deflector rod 26 is always ensured not to be changed randomly, so that the first deflector rod rotates only during the laying work, the trigger device can be realized by the limit switch 21, and can also be realized by other structures, which will be explained in detail in the following embodiments;
the left end of frame 1 is connected with mud laying device, satisfies mud laying device and can lay mud subaerial, and mud will lay and set up in same device with ceramic tile is laid, convenient and practical.
Embodiment two, on the basis of embodiment one, with reference to fig. 1 to 17, the tilt and swing device includes an object receiving plate 27 disposed at the exit of the transition belt 4 and disposed obliquely, a barrier 28 extends from the lower end of the object receiving plate 27, the object receiving plate 27 is disposed between the barrier 28 and the barrier 27, the object receiving plate 27 can place the floor tiles on the transition belt 4 on the object receiving plate 27, since the floor tiles are square, when the object receiving plate 27 slides to the barrier 28 at the bottom of the object receiving plate 27, the object receiving plate 27 swings by itself due to gravity, of course, the upper end surface of the object receiving plate 27 is smooth enough, a separation rod 29 is connected to the object receiving plate 27, the separation rod 29 is disposed at the upper end along the longitudinal direction of the object receiving plate 27, a hydraulic cylinder 30 disposed at the left side of the separation rod is connected to the object receiving plate 27, the hydraulic cylinder 30 is connected to the controller, a hydraulic rod 31 penetrating through the separation rod 29 is connected to the hydraulic cylinder 30, the right end of the hydraulic rod 31 is connected with a push plate 32 arranged on the right side of the partition plate, the barrier 28 is provided with a piezoelectric sensor, the piezoelectric sensor is connected with a controller, the piezoelectric sensor triggers the hydraulic cylinder 30 through the controller to drive the hydraulic rod 31 to complete the movement of one stroke, the controller is triggered to control the hydraulic cylinder 30 to work after the floor tiles fall onto the barrier 28, the hydraulic cylinder 30 works to enable the hydraulic rod 31 to stretch out and draw back by one stroke, the floor tiles on the object receiving plate 27 are pushed out towards the right side by stretching and drawing back of the hydraulic rod 31, then the hydraulic rod 31 retracts into the hydraulic cylinder 30, the right end of the object receiving plate 27 is rotatably connected with an object carrying plate 33, the lower end of the right side of the object receiving plate 27 is a rotating connection point of the object carrying plate 33, the object carrying plate 33 can rotate along the object carrying plate, the lower end of the push plate 32 penetrates through the object receiving plate 27 to be connected with a third rack 34 which is transversely arranged, the third gear 35 is arranged near the left side, when the hydraulic cylinder 30 triggers the hydraulic rod 31 and the push plate 32 to move towards the right side, the third rack 34 at the lower end of the push plate 32 is meshed with the third gear 35, when the push plate 32 is pushed to half or less than half, the third gear 35 and the third rack 34 are disengaged, the third gear 35 is coaxially connected with a first bevel gear 36, the lower end of the carrying plate 33 is longitudinally and slidably connected with a moving block 37, the lower end of the carrying plate 33 is provided with a T-shaped sliding groove, the moving block 37 is slidably connected in the T-shaped sliding groove, so that the moving block 37 can only move along the width direction of the carrying plate 33, the lower end of the moving block 37 is hinged with a vertically arranged second lead screw 38, the second lead screw 38 is externally threaded and is matched with a vertically and rotatably connected with a sleeve 39 on the rack 1, and the position relationship between the two determines that the second lead screw 38 can only move along the, the first bevel gear 36 is meshed with a second bevel gear 40 which is vertically and rotatably connected to the rack 1, the rotating shaft of the second bevel gear 40 is in transmission connection with the sleeve 39 through a belt, belt pulleys are arranged on the rotating shaft of the second bevel gear 40 and the sleeve 39, a belt is sleeved between the two belt pulleys and plays a role in power transmission, the lower end of the third rack 34 is meshed with a one-way gear 41 which is rotatably connected to the rack 1 and arranged on the left side of the third gear 35, the one-way gear 41 can only transmit power in one direction, when the push plate 32 and the third rack 34 complete one-stroke reciprocating motion, when the third rack 34 moves towards the right side, the sleeve 39 rotates to enable the second lead screw 38 to move upwards to lift the object carrying plate 33, here, the push plate 32 is just pushed onto the object carrying plate 33, and the third gear 35 is driven to rotate reversely during the return stroke of the push plate 32, the loading plate 33 is driven to rotate to the horizontal position, at the same time, in the process, due to the existence of the one-way gear 41, the one-way gear 41 can be triggered to rotate, the one-way gear 41 is coaxially connected with a second deflector rod 42, the second deflector rod 42 also rotates, the right side of the second deflector rod 42 is provided with a third deflector rod 43 which is rotatably connected with the frame 1, the second deflector rod 42 and the third deflector rod 43 are matched to drive the third deflector rod 43 to rotate and can be separated, as shown in the figure, the upper end of the third deflector rod 43 is provided with a vertically arranged first spring 44, the upper end of the first spring 44 is connected with a piezoelectric sensor fixed on the frame 1, the piezoelectric sensor is connected with a controller and a control module, and the first motor 13, the electric telescopic rod 10 and the gripping device are controlled by the controller through the control module to cooperatively work, in the process of rotating the second deflector rod 42, the third driving lever 43 is matched with the third driving lever to rotate, the spring is compressed by the rotation of the third driving lever 43, the piezoelectric sensor is triggered when the third driving lever 43 rotates to a limit position and is about to be disengaged from the second driving lever 42 while the spring is compressed, the piezoelectric sensor is connected with a control module through a controller, the control module controls the first motor 13 to rotate through the controller, the first motor 13 drives the long gear 8 to rotate, the long gear 8 drives the first rack 9 to move leftwards to a specified position, the control module controls the electric telescopic rod 10 to move downwards through the controller, after the control module moves to the specified position, the control module controls the grabbing device to grab floor tiles on the object carrying plate 33 through the controller, when the grabbing is completed, the first motor 13 rotates, the long gear 8 rotates to drive the first rack 9 to move rightwards to the limit position, and at the moment, the control module drives the electric telescopic rod 10 to move downwards, after the floor tiles are moved to the designated positions, the control module controls the grabbing devices to place the floor tiles at the designated positions on the ground, and therefore the floor tiles are laid.
Third embodiment, on the basis of first embodiment, with reference to fig. 1-17, the gripping device includes a horizontal plate 45 installed at the lower end of the electric telescopic rod 10, four sets of vacuum suction cups 46 are connected around the horizontal plate 45, the vacuum suction cups 46 are connected to a vacuum pump 47 fixedly installed at the upper end of the horizontal plate 45 through air pipes, the vacuum pump 47 is connected to a control module through a controller, the structure of the vacuum suction cups 46 is adopted by the gripping device, the gripping effect of the structure of the vacuum suction cups 46 is ideal, the gripping is reliable, the controller is connected to the control module, and the control module controls the vacuum pump 47 to perform the working state of air suction and air discharge, so as to complete the gripping and the lowering actions.
Fourth embodiment, on the basis of the first embodiment, with reference to fig. 1 to 17, the slurry paving apparatus includes a longitudinally-arranged slide rail 48 installed at the left end of the frame 1, the length of the slide rail 48 is matched with the longitudinal length of the top plate 7, and the length of the slide rail 48 is slightly longer than the length of the long gear 8, a slurry storage cylinder 49 is longitudinally and slidably connected in the slide rail 48, the slurry storage cylinder 49 is used for storing slurry, the upper end of the slurry storage cylinder 49 is open and is horn-shaped, the same horn-shaped slide grooves are opened in the slide rail 48, and are matched to enable the slurry storage cylinder 49 to move only along the longitudinal direction of the slide rail 48, a stirring cylinder 50 connected to the frame 1 is arranged above the slide rail 48, the upper end of the stirring cylinder 50 is open and is connected above the middle position of the slide rail 48, a stirring rod 51 is installed in the stirring cylinder 50, the stirring rod 51 is driven to rotate by a third motor 52 fixedly installed on the frame 1, the lower end of the mixing drum 50 is open, so that the slurry in the mixing drum 50 can fall into the storage drum, the mixing drum 50 is used for placing the mixed slurry into the mixing drum 50 for mixing, the lower end of the mixing drum 50 is in a tightened shape, the third motor 52 drives the mixing rod 51 to rotate, the slurry in the mixing drum 50 is mixed, and the quality of the slurry is ensured;
the belt pulley 18 is coaxially sleeved with a first worm wheel 53, the first worm wheel 53 is arranged at the lower end of the belt pulley 18, the first worm wheel 53 is meshed with a first worm 54 which is transversely and rotatably connected to the rack 1, two first worms 54 are arranged, the first worm 54 is transversely arranged and plays a role in transmitting power, the first worm 54 transmits the power of the belt pulley 18 to the left end of the device, the first worm 54 is coaxially connected with a second worm 55 which is arranged at the left side of the first worm 54, the thread turning directions of the first worm 54 and the second worm 55 are opposite, the second worm 55 is meshed with a second worm wheel 56 which is vertically and rotatably connected to the rack 1, the first worm 54 is coaxially connected with the second worm 55, the first worm 54 and the second worm 55 are oppositely turned and play a role in turning, two groups of fourth gears 57 which are rotatably connected to the rack 1 are respectively arranged at the front side and the back side of the second worm wheel 56, the fourth gear 57 is rotatably connected to the frame 1 through a bearing, a rotating shaft of the fourth gear 57 is in transmission connection with a rotating shaft of the second worm gear 56 through a belt, the belt plays a role of transmitting power, four groups of fourth gears 57 are longitudinally and uniformly distributed at the left end of the frame 1, a longitudinally arranged fourth rack 58 is connected to the right side of the slurry storage cylinder 49, the fourth rack 58 is respectively engaged with the four groups of fourth gears 57 in the longitudinal movement process, the second worm 55 drives the second worm gear 56 to rotate when being driven to rotate, the second worm gear 56 drives the two groups of fourth gears 57 to rotate through the belt, the rotation of the fourth gear 57 can drive the slurry storage cylinder 49 to longitudinally move through the engagement with the fourth rack 58, the slurry storage cylinder 49 is moved to the working position at the front end or the rear end of the frame 1, a fifth rack 59 connected to one side of the slurry storage cylinder 49 is longitudinally arranged at the upper end of the fourth rack 58, a bushing 60 which is rotatably connected to the frame 1 is arranged between an outlet at the lower end of the mixing drum 50 and the upper end of the slurry storage drum 49, the bushing 60 is coaxially connected with a fifth gear 61, the fifth gear 61 is meshed with a fifth rack 59, a circular through hole 62 which is matched with the outlet end of the mixing drum 50 is formed in the bushing 60, so that slurry in the mixing drum 50 can flow into the slurry storage drum 49 through the through hole by the rotation of the bushing 60, the length of the fifth rack 59 is ensured to be matched with the outlet end of the mixing drum 50 in the meshing process of the fifth rack 61, the leakage hole in the bushing 60 is matched with the outlet end of the mixing drum 50, when the slurry mixing drum 50 moves to a middle position, namely when the fifth rack 59 and the fifth gear 61 are half meshed, the leakage hole in the bushing 60 is completely matched with the outlet end of the mixing drum 50, and when the mesh limit position of the fifth rack 59 and the fifth gear 61 is a position which is about to be disengaged, the bushing 60 rotates to a position for plugging the outlet end of the mixing drum 50, wherein the slurry in the mixing drum 50 cannot flow out, two groups of slurry hydraulic cylinders 63 connected to the frame 1 are arranged above the front end and the rear end of the slide rail 48, the lower end of the slurry hydraulic cylinder 63 is connected with a slurry pressure telescopic rod 64, the lower end of the slurry hydraulic telescopic rod 64 is connected with a rectangular push rod 65, the rectangular push rod 65 is matched with the slurry storage drum 49, so that the slurry in the slurry storage drum 49 can be pushed out downwards by the rectangular push rod 65, the front end and the rear end in the slide rail 48 are connected with piezoelectric sensors, the piezoelectric sensors are connected with a controller, the controller controls the slurry hydraulic cylinders 63 to work, when the slurry storage drum 49 moves to the limit position at the rear end of the front end, namely, the piezoelectric sensors at the end part are triggered, and the piezoelectric sensors trigger the slurry hydraulic cylinders 63 at the corresponding sides to work by the controller, the mud liquid pressure telescopic rod 64 is driven to work, and then mud in the mud storage cylinder 49 is slowly pressed downwards;
a plurality of groups of conical mud outlets 66 are longitudinally arranged at intervals at the lower end of the mud storage cylinder 49, the mud outlets 66 are in a conical tube shape with a large upper end and a small lower end, mud is extruded from the mud outlets 66 by a hydraulic telescopic rod, two groups of mud guards 67 are longitudinally connected to two sides of the lower end of the mud storage cylinder 49 in a sliding manner, the mud guards 67 are arranged at the lower end of the mud outlets 66 and are in clearance fit with the mud outlets, the mud guards 67 are longitudinally and horizontally arranged, the mud outlets 66 can be plugged by longitudinal movement of the mud guards 67, a T-shaped groove is formed in the lower end of the mud storage cylinder 49 in a matching manner between the mud guards 67 and the mud storage cylinder 49, then the mud guards 67 are longitudinally and slidably matched with the T-shaped groove, a third lead screw in threaded fit with the mud storage cylinder 49 is rotatably connected to one end of the mud guard 67 far away from the center, make the third lead screw rotate, the rotation of third lead screw can make fender 67 take place the ascending displacement of longitudinal direction, when we need lay how wide mud, the adjustment handle can, when not needing, close can, we are when using, when this device traveles left, only carry out the laying of mud, when traveling right, only carry out the laying of ceramic tile, separately carry out work, avoided the sky of this device to walk.
In a fifth embodiment, on the basis of the first embodiment, with reference to fig. 1 to 17, the pushing device includes an auxiliary box 70 connected to the left end of the brick storage box 2, an electric push rod 71 is installed in the auxiliary box 70, the electric push rod 71 is connected to the controller, an L-shaped push rod 72 is connected to an end of the electric push rod 71, so that the L-shaped push rod 72 can push out the floor tiles at the bottom of the brick storage box 2 from the brick outlet 3, and the floor tiles above the floor tiles do not fall down during pushing, the pushing device controls the electric push rod 71 to operate through the controller after being triggered by the triggering device, the electric push rod 71 operates to push out the floor tiles from the brick outlet 3, and the L-shaped push rod 72 is L-shaped, so that the floor tiles above the floor tiles do not fall down during pushing towards the right side.
Sixth embodiment, on the basis of the first embodiment, with reference to fig. 1 to 17, the power device includes a first belt pulley 73 coaxially connected to a rotating shaft of the wheel 22, and further includes a fourth motor 74 fixed at the lower end of the frame 1, the fourth motor 74 is connected to the controller, an output shaft of the fourth motor 74 is coaxially connected to a second belt pulley 75, a transmission belt 76 is sleeved between the first belt pulley 73 and the second belt pulley 75, the fourth motor 74 controls the fourth motor 74 to stop working through the controller when receiving a signal from the triggering device, at this time, the wheel 22 stops at the current position, and the transmission belt 76 plays a role of transmitting power.
Seventh embodiment, on the basis of the first embodiment, with reference to fig. 1 to 17, the transition transmission device includes transmission rollers 77 connected to the frame 1 in a laterally spaced and longitudinally rotating manner, a transportation belt 78 is sleeved between two sets of transmission rollers 77, a rotating shaft of one of the transmission rollers 77 is coaxially connected to an output shaft of a fifth motor 79 fixedly installed on the frame 1, and the transition transmission device only plays a role of transmitting floor tiles.
In the eighth embodiment, on the basis of the seventh embodiment, with reference to fig. 1 to 17, the triggering device includes a fourth lever 80 rotatably connected to the frame 1 and engaged with the first lever 26, the fourth lever 80 is rotatably mounted on a fixed block below a corresponding side of the frame 1, a second spring 81 is vertically disposed at an upper end of the fourth lever 80, the second spring 81 is compressed by the rotation of the fourth lever 80, the first lever 26 is driven by an output shaft of the reduction box 23 to rotate, the fourth lever 80 is driven to rotate and compress the second spring 81 after being engaged with the first lever 26, an upper end of the second spring 81 is connected to a piezoelectric sensor fixedly connected to the frame 1, the piezoelectric sensor is connected to the controller, the controller controls the pushing device to push out the floor tiles and simultaneously controls a working state of the power device, and when the second spring 81 is compressed to a limit position, at the moment when the first driving lever 26 and the fourth driving lever 80 are disengaged, the signal of the piezoelectric sensor reaches the maximum, then the fourth driving lever 80 returns to the original position under the action of the second spring 81, at this time, the piezoelectric sensor triggers the pushing device, namely the electric push rod 71 in the above embodiment, the controller controls the electric push rod 71 to work, the floor tile is pushed out from the tile storage box 2, and meanwhile, the power device is controlled to stop at the current position for floor tile laying.
In the ninth embodiment, on the basis of the first embodiment, with reference to fig. 1 to 17, arc-shaped transition plates 82 connected to the rack 1 are respectively disposed at two corners between the transition transmission device and the transition belt 4, and the transition plates play roles of preventing the floor tiles from falling and guiding at the corners.
When the invention is used, firstly, a user needs to determine which side to work, when the mud storage cylinder 49 and the U-shaped baffle 20 are at the middle position at the initial position, the third motor 52 is turned on to stir the mud in the stirring cylinder 50, when the mud storage cylinder 49 and the U-shaped baffle 20 are at the middle position, the circular through hole 62 on the leakage plate 60 is just matched with the outlet of the stirring cylinder 50, the mud enters the mud storage cylinder 49 to be stored, when the storage is finished, the second motor 14 is turned on to drive the first lead screw 11 to rotate, so that the first rack 9 longitudinally moves to the working side, the first gear 16 is driven to rotate at the same time, the first rack 9 drives the second gear 17 to rotate, the second gear 17 drives the coaxial belt pulley 18 to rotate, the belt pulley 18 drives the driving belt 19 to rotate, at the moment, the U-shaped plate is brought to the working side, the limit switch 21 at the corresponding side is triggered at the same time, and the steering of the, at the same time, the second worm wheel 56 is driven to rotate by the power rotation of the worm-gear mechanism coaxial with the belt wheel 18, the fourth gear 57 is driven to rotate by the rotation of the second worm wheel 56, the slurry storage cylinder 49 is moved to the working side by the rotation of the fourth gear 57, at the same time, the fifth rack 59 and the fifth gear 61 are driven to be meshed by the movement of the slurry storage cylinder 49, so as to drive the bushing 60 to rotate, the bushing 60 seals the outlet end of the mixing cylinder 50, after the slurry storage cylinder 49 reaches the designated position, the piezoelectric sensor at the end of the slide rail 48 is triggered to work, the piezoelectric sensor triggers the slurry hydraulic cylinder 63 at the corresponding side to work by the controller, here, the power device is driven to drive the device to move towards the left side, at the same time, the slurry hydraulic telescopic rod 64 is driven by the slurry hydraulic cylinder 63 to extrude the slurry in the slurry storage cylinder 49 on the surface of the low bricks to be laid, when the mud is not enough, the mud storage cylinder 49 can be moved to the middle of the slide rail 48, the mud is continuously taken up under the mixing cylinder 50, after the mud is laid, the driving handle 69 is rotated to block the mud outlet 66 at the lower end of the mud storage cylinder 49, when the floor tiles need to be laid, the steering direction of the power device is changed, the device runs beyond the right side, the clutch 25 is opened through the controller to be in a working state, at the moment, the power of the power device is transmitted to the first deflector rod 26 on the transmission shaft 24 at the end part, the first deflector rod 26 rotates for a circle, the fourth deflector rod 80 is triggered to compress the second spring 81, the piezoelectric sensor in the second spring 81 is triggered, the controller controls the pushing device to push the floor tiles to the transition transmission device, then the floor tiles are transmitted to the corresponding side object receiving plate 27 through the transition belt 4, and after the piezoelectric sensor on the barrier strip 28 of the object receiving plate 27 is pressed by the floor tiles, is triggered to control the hydraulic cylinder 30 to work for one stroke through the controller, the floor tiles on the object receiving plate 27 are pushed towards the right side, in the pushing process, the third rack 34 is meshed with the third gear 35 to drive the third gear 35 to rotate, the rotation of the third gear 35 drives the first bevel gear 36 to rotate, then the sleeve 39 is driven to rotate through a bevel gear transmission set and a belt transmission, the sleeve 39 rotates to drive the second lead screw 38 to displace in the vertical direction, at the moment, the object carrying plate 33 is lifted, the floor tiles are smoothly pushed onto the object carrying plate 33, in the returning stroke of the hydraulic rod 31 on the hydraulic cylinder 30, the third rack 34 is meshed with the third gear 35 again to place the object carrying plate 33 at the horizontal initial position, meanwhile, in the returning stroke, the third rack 34 drives the one-way gear 41 to rotate, the rotation of the one-way gear 41 drives the second deflector rod 42 to rotate, the second deflector rod 42 drives the third deflector rod 43 to compress the first spring 44 after being meshed with the third deflector rod 43, the piezoelectric sensor is triggered, the controller controls the control module to work, the control module drives the first motor 13 to rotate through the controller, the first rack 9 is moved leftwards and moved to a specified position, the control module moves downwards to the working position through the controller electric telescopic rod 10, at the moment, the control module controls the vacuum pump 47 to work to adsorb the floor tiles on the vacuum suction cups 46, the first motor 13 is then driven to rotate in reverse, so that the first rack 9 is moved rightward to a prescribed position, and then, when the electric telescopic rod 10 is started to work, the floor tiles move downwards and move to be close to the ground, controlling the vacuum pump 47 to put down the floor tiles on the vacuum suction cups 46, laying the floor tiles at the designated position, then operating the electric telescopic rod 10, returning to the initial position, continuing laying, and intermittently triggering the trigger device in the advancing process to lay the floor tiles in the row, and recovering to the initial position after use.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like that fall within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included therein.

Claims (9)

1. A floor tile laying device comprises a machine frame (1) and is characterized in that the upper end of the machine frame (1) is connected with a tile storage box (2), the lower end of the right side of the tile storage box (2) is provided with a tile outlet (3), a pushing device is connected in the tile storage box (2) and can push floor tiles in the storage box out of the tile outlet (3), the pushing device is connected with a controller, a transition transmission device which is connected to the upper end of the machine frame (1) and used for conveying transverse floor tiles is arranged below the tile outlet (3), a transition belt (4) is longitudinally arranged at the right end of the transition transmission device, the transition belt (4) is longitudinally sleeved on two groups of belt rollers (5) which are rotatably connected to the upper end of the machine frame (1), one belt roller (5) is coaxially connected with a forward and reverse rotation motor (6), and the forward and reverse rotation motor (6) is connected with the controller, the upper end of the rack (1) is connected with a top plate (7), the lower end of the top plate (7) is longitudinally and rotatably connected with a long gear (8) arranged on the right side of the transition belt (4), the upper end of the long gear (8) is meshed with a first rack (9) which is transversely arranged and limited between the long gear (8) and the top plate (7), the right end of the first rack (9) is connected with an electric telescopic rod (10) which is vertically and downwards arranged, the lower end part of the electric telescopic rod (10) is connected with a grabbing device, the electric telescopic rod (10) is connected with a controller to meet the requirement that the grabbing device can adsorb floor tiles to move, a first lead screw (11) which is longitudinally arranged is penetrated through in a threaded fit manner at the left end of the first rack (9), and the first lead screw (11) is rotatably connected between two groups of sliding blocks (12) which are transversely connected to the lower end, the first lead screw (11) is arranged on the left side of the long gear (8) and meets the requirement that the first lead screw (11) only moves along the transverse direction, one end of the long gear (8) is coaxially connected with a first motor (13) fixedly installed at the lower end of the top plate (7), the first motor (13) is connected with a controller, the first lead screw (11) is threaded through one of the sliding blocks (12) and is coaxially connected with a second motor (14) at the end, and the second motor (14) is connected with the controller;
the left end of the first rack (9) is longitudinally connected with a second rack (15), the rack (1) is rotatably connected with two groups of first gears (16) which are longitudinally arranged at intervals and are arranged on the right side of the transition belt (4), the second rack (15) can be meshed with the first gears (16) in the longitudinal movement process of the long gear (8), the transverse movement of the second racks (15) at the front end and the rear end of the long gear (8) is not influenced by the first gears (16), the first gears (16) are meshed with one second gear (17) which is rotatably connected to the rack (1), the second gears (17) are coaxially connected with one belt pulley (18), a driving belt (19) is sleeved between the two groups of belt pulleys (18), the left side of the driving belt (19) is connected with a U-shaped baffle (20) which is longitudinally connected to the rack (1) in a sliding manner, the U-shaped baffle (20) is arranged at the upper end of the transition belt (4) and is in intermittent fit with the transition belt, the left side of the second gear (17) is provided with a limit switch (21) connected to the rack (1), two groups of limit switches (21) are connected with a forward and reverse rotation motor (6) through a controller, two groups of inclined straightening devices connected to the front and rear ends of the rack (1) are respectively arranged at outlets of the front and rear sides of the transition belt (4), the inclined straightening devices are connected with a control module, the inclined straightening devices can straighten floor tiles, the first motor (13), the electric telescopic rod (10) and the grabbing device are connected with the control module through the controller, the inclined straightening devices can control the first motor (13), the electric telescopic rod (10) and the grabbing device to work cooperatively through the control module and the controller, and the grabbing device can lay the floor tiles on the inclined straightening devices on the ground;
two groups of wheels (22) which are longitudinally and rotatably connected are transversely arranged below the machine frame (1) at intervals, the wheels (22) on the right side are coaxially connected with a power device, the wheels (22) on the right side are coaxially connected with a reduction box (23) arranged on one side of the machine frame (1), the output shaft of the reduction gearbox (23) is coaxially provided with a transmission shaft (24) which is rotatably arranged at one end of the frame (1), a clutch (25) is connected between the transmission shaft (24) and the output shaft of the reduction gearbox (23), the clutch (25) is connected with the controller, the shaft end of the transmission shaft (24) is connected with a first shift lever (26), the first deflector rod (26) is matched with a trigger device to trigger the trigger device after the first deflector rod (26) rotates for a circle, the power device stops and the pushing device works to push the floor tiles out of the tile storage box (2);
the left end of the frame (1) is connected with a slurry paving device, and the slurry paving device can pave slurry on the ground.
2. A floor tile laying device according to claim 1, wherein the inclined straightening device comprises an object receiving plate (27) which is arranged at the outlet of the transition belt (4) and is obliquely arranged, a barrier strip (28) extends out of the lower end of the object receiving plate (27), a separating rod (29) is connected to the object receiving plate (27), a hydraulic cylinder (30) arranged on the left side of the separating plate is connected to the object receiving plate (27), the hydraulic cylinder (30) is connected with a controller, a hydraulic rod (31) penetrating through the separating rod (29) is connected to the hydraulic cylinder (30), a push plate (32) arranged on the right side of the separating plate is connected to the right end of the hydraulic rod (31), a piezoelectric sensor is arranged on the barrier strip (28) and is connected with the controller, so that the piezoelectric sensor triggers the hydraulic cylinder (30) through the controller to drive the hydraulic rod (31) to complete the movement of one stroke, the right end of the object receiving plate (27) is rotatably connected with an object carrying plate (33), the lower end of the push plate (32) penetrates through the object receiving plate (27) to be connected with a third rack (34) which is transversely arranged, the lower end of the third rack (34) is meshed with a third gear (35) which is rotatably connected to the rack (1), the third gear (35) is coaxially connected with a first bevel gear (36), the lower end of the object carrying plate (33) is longitudinally and slidably connected with a moving block (37), the lower end of the moving block (37) is hinged with a second lead screw (38) which is vertically arranged, the second lead screw (38) is in external thread fit with a sleeve (39) which is vertically and rotatably connected to the rack (1), the first bevel gear (36) is meshed with a second bevel gear (40) which is vertically and rotatably connected to the rack (1), and a rotating shaft of the second bevel gear (40) is in transmission connection with the sleeve (39), the lower end of the third rack (34) is engaged with a one-way gear (41) which is rotatably connected on the rack (1) and is arranged on the left side of the third gear (35), the one-way gear (41) is coaxially connected with a second deflector rod (42), the right side of the second deflector rod (42) is provided with a third deflector rod (43) which is rotatably connected with the frame (1), the second deflector rod (42) and the third deflector rod (43) are matched to drive the third deflector rod (43) to rotate and can be separated, the upper end of the third driving lever (43) is provided with a first spring (44) which is vertically arranged, the upper end of the first spring (44) is connected with a piezoelectric sensor fixed on the frame (1), the piezoelectric sensor is connected with a controller and a control module, and the control module controls the first motor (13), the electric telescopic rod (10) and the gripping device to work cooperatively through the controller.
3. A floor tile laying device according to claim 1, wherein said gripping device comprises a horizontal plate (45) installed at the lower end of the electric telescopic rod (10), four sets of vacuum suction cups (46) are connected around said horizontal plate (45), said vacuum suction cups (46) are connected to a vacuum pump (47) fixedly installed at the upper end of the horizontal plate (45) through air pipes, and said vacuum pump (47) is connected to the control module through a controller.
4. The floor tile laying device according to claim 1, characterized in that the slurry laying device comprises a longitudinally arranged slide rail (48) installed at the left end of the rack (1), a slurry storage cylinder (49) is longitudinally and slidably connected in the slide rail (48), a mixing cylinder (50) connected to the rack (1) is arranged above the slide rail (48), a mixing rod (51) is rotatably installed in the mixing cylinder (50), the mixing rod (51) is driven to rotate by a third motor (52) fixedly installed on the rack (1), and the lower end of the mixing cylinder (50) is open, so that slurry in the mixing cylinder (50) can fall into the storage cylinder;
the belt wheel (18) is coaxially sleeved with a first worm wheel (53), the first worm wheel (53) is meshed with a first worm (54) which is transversely connected to the rack (1) in a rotating mode, the first worm (54) is coaxially connected with a second worm (55) which is arranged on the left side of the first worm (54), the rotating directions of threads on the first worm (54) and the second worm (55) are opposite, the second worm (55) is meshed with a second worm wheel (56) which is vertically connected to the rack (1) in a rotating mode, two groups of fourth gears (57) which are rotatably connected to the rack (1) are respectively arranged on the front side and the rear side of the second worm wheel (56), a rotating shaft of each fourth gear (57) is in transmission connection with a rotating shaft of the second worm wheel (56) through a belt, and a fourth rack (58) which is longitudinally arranged is connected to the right side of the slurry storage cylinder (49), the fourth rack (58) is respectively meshed with four groups of fourth gears (57) in the process of longitudinal movement, a fifth rack (59) connected to one side of the slurry storage cylinder (49) is longitudinally arranged at the upper end of the fourth rack (58), a bushing (60) rotatably connected to the rack (1) is arranged between the outlet at the lower end of the stirring cylinder (50) and the upper end of the slurry storage cylinder (49), the bushing (60) is coaxially connected with a fifth gear (61), the fifth gear (61) is meshed with the fifth rack (59), a circular through hole (62) matched with the outlet end of the stirring cylinder (50) is formed in the bushing (60), the requirement that the rotation of the bushing (60) can enable slurry in the stirring cylinder (50) to flow into the slurry storage cylinder (49) through the circular through hole (62) is met, two groups of hydraulic cylinders (63) connected to the rack (1) are arranged above the front end and the rear end of the sliding rail (48), the lower end of the slurry hydraulic cylinder (63) is connected with a slurry hydraulic telescopic rod (64), the lower end of the slurry hydraulic telescopic rod (64) is connected with a rectangular push rod (65), the rectangular push rod (65) is matched with the slurry storage cylinder (49), the requirement that the rectangular push rod (65) can push out slurry in the slurry storage cylinder (49) downwards is met, the front end and the rear end in the slide rail (48) are connected with piezoelectric sensors, the piezoelectric sensors are connected with a controller, and the slurry hydraulic cylinder (63) is controlled to work through the controller;
the lower extreme of mud storage cylinder (49) is vertically at the interval and is arranged the conical mud outlet (66) of multiunit, the both sides longitudinal sliding connection of the lower extreme of mud storage cylinder (49) has two sets of fender boards (67), the lower extreme of mud outlet (66) is arranged in fender board (67) and rather than clearance fit, fender board (67) keep away from the one end rotation of center and are connected with third lead screw (68) of a screw-thread fit on mud storage cylinder (49), the one end that the center was kept away from in third lead screw (68) is connected with driving handle (69).
5. The floor tile laying device according to claim 1, wherein the pushing device comprises an auxiliary box (70) connected to the left end of the tile storage box (2), an electric push rod (71) is installed in the auxiliary box (70), the electric push rod (71) is connected with the controller, an L-shaped push rod (72) is connected to the end of the electric push rod (71), the requirement that L-shaped push rod (72) can push the floor tiles at the bottom in the tile storage box (2) out of the tile outlet (3) is met, and the floor tiles above the floor tiles do not fall down in the pushing process.
6. A floor tile laying device according to claim 1, wherein the power device comprises a first belt pulley (73) coaxially connected to the rotating shaft of the wheel (22), and further comprises a fourth motor (74) fixed at the lower end of the frame (1), the fourth motor (74) is connected with the controller, the output shaft of the fourth motor (74) is coaxially connected with a second belt pulley (75), and a transmission belt (76) is sleeved between the first belt pulley (73) and the second belt pulley (75).
7. A floor tile laying device according to claim 1 wherein the transition transmission means comprises transversely spaced and longitudinally rotatably connected drive rollers (77) on the frame (1), a transport belt (78) is sleeved between two sets of drive rollers (77), and the rotating shaft of one of the drive rollers (77) is coaxially connected with the output shaft of a fifth motor (79) fixedly mounted on the frame (1).
8. The floor tile laying device according to claim 1, wherein the triggering device comprises a fourth deflector rod (80) which is rotatably connected to the frame (1) and is matched with the first deflector rod (26), a second spring (81) is vertically arranged at the upper end of the fourth deflector rod (80), the upper end of the second spring (81) is connected with a piezoelectric sensor fixedly connected to the frame (1), the piezoelectric sensor is connected with the controller, the controller controls the pushing device to push out the floor tile and controls the working state of the power device.
9. A floor tile laying device according to claim 1, characterized in that two bends between the transition transmission device and the transition belt (4) are respectively provided with an arc-shaped transition plate (82) connected to the machine frame (1).
CN201910006689.1A 2019-01-04 2019-01-04 Floor tile laying device Active CN109667415B (en)

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CN111502212A (en) * 2020-05-07 2020-08-07 巴秀英 Floor tile laying device for building
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