CN204653173U - Solar heating heat-insulating greenhouse - Google Patents

Solar heating heat-insulating greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204653173U
CN204653173U CN201520366611.8U CN201520366611U CN204653173U CN 204653173 U CN204653173 U CN 204653173U CN 201520366611 U CN201520366611 U CN 201520366611U CN 204653173 U CN204653173 U CN 204653173U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
truss
heat
greenhouse
shutter
double
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520366611.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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代军平
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代军平
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Priority to CN201520366611.8U priority Critical patent/CN204653173U/en
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Publication of CN204653173U publication Critical patent/CN204653173U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

A kind of solar heating heat-insulating greenhouse of the present utility model relates to agricultural greenhouse booth field, by side wall body, back wall, truss and canopy film are formed, the top of back wall is connected to the rear roofing body turned forward, the side wall body top margin on both sides is forward circular arc from rear roofing body top margin junction, uniform truss between two circular arcs, truss is covered with double-deck canopy film, double-deck canopy film is built-in with carbon fiber electrothermal line, solar energy heat collection pipe is provided with below truss, the outside of double-deck canopy film is provided with shutter I, shutter I is provided with thermal insulation quilt and rainproof quilt, the below of double-deck canopy film is provided with shutter II, shutter II is provided with inside holding canopy of the heavens film, described ground, outside, greenhouse is provided with heat-insulation layer.Solar heating heat-insulating greenhouse of the present utility model, truss structure is simple, consumption is few, and overall weight is light, cost is low, easy for installation, high insulating effect.

Description

Solar heating heat-insulating greenhouse
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural greenhouse booth field, particularly relates to a kind of solar heating heat-insulating greenhouse.
Background technology
Plastic greenhouse technology is widely used, and is generally to be made up of both sides body of wall, back wall, truss and canopy film.But there is certain defect in existing booth, as: both sides body of wall, back wall are common brick wall, and heat insulation effect is poor.Canopy film in the winter time time be easy to produce thin frost, affect in canopy and absorb sunshine, outside greenhouse, surface temperature is lower, and the basic heat energy of greenhouse by solar heat insulation is geothermal, and in greenhouse, the heat release of soil through-flow is fast, in greenhouse, ground temperature very easily runs off, cause topsoil in greenhouse, do not have the equipment that heats up in canopy, the way of stove is lighted in basic employing, this way is consuming time and manually huge, and efficiency is not high.
Utility model content
The utility model is intended to the deficiency for existing in background technology, and the solar heating heat-insulating greenhouse proposed.
Solar heating heat-insulating greenhouse of the present utility model, by side wall body, back wall, truss and canopy film are formed, the top of back wall is connected to the rear roofing body turned forward, the both sides of back wall and rear roofing body are respectively by the shutoff of side wall body, the side wall body top margin on both sides is forward circular arc from rear roofing body top margin junction, uniform truss between circular arc, truss is covered with double-deck canopy film, double-deck canopy film is built-in with carbon fiber electrothermal line, below truss, interval is fixed with arc pull bar, support bar tractive is had to fix between arc pull bar and truss, solar energy heat collection pipe is provided with in the junction of arc pull bar and support bar, the outside of double-deck canopy film is provided with shutter I, shutter I is provided with thermal insulation quilt and rainproof quilt, the below of double-deck canopy film is provided with shutter II, shutter II is provided with inside holding canopy of the heavens film, described ground, outside, greenhouse is provided with heat-insulation layer.
As further improvement of the utility model, side wall body and back wall are expanded metal lath cement plate sandwich wall, and sandwich interior charges are heat storing and heat preserving carriers.
As further improvement of the utility model, solar energy heat collection pipe is arranged on 180-220mm place under truss.
As further improvement of the utility model, heat-insulation layer is followed successively by waterproof mortar, ashes and extruded sheet from top to bottom.
Solar heating heat-insulating greenhouse of the present utility model, truss structure is simple, consumption is few, and overall weight is light, cost is low, easy for installation; Exterior wall adopts heat preservation technology, cuts off cold-heat bridge; Greenhouse interior wall and rear roofing, adopt steel plate netting twine to water cement mortar, sandwich charges are that heat storing and heat preserving carrier is integrally formed; Double-deck canopy film is built-in with carbon fiber electrothermal line, and light transmittance is up to more than 85%.Temperature outdoor ground heat-insulation layer and greenhouse topsoil, higher than warm outdoor ground 500mm, can slow down soil through-flow heat release in greenhouse, improves ground temperature in greenhouse; Inside holding canopy: under external-20 DEG C of conditions of greenhouse night insulation, warm indoor air temperature can remain on 10 DEG C.When warm outside air temperature-30 DEG C, in greenhouse by solar heat, be substantially 0 DEG C.Under condition of not heating under external-30 DEG C of conditions in greenhouse, shutter II is opened inside holding canopy of the heavens film, effectively can protect storage shallow layer geothermal energy temperature.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is end view of the present utility model.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1 to solar heating heat-insulating greenhouse of the present utility model, be described further.
Solar heating heat-insulating greenhouse, by side wall body 1, back wall 2, truss 3 and canopy film 4 are formed, the top of its back wall 2 is connected to the rear roofing body 5 turned forward, the both sides of back wall 2 and rear roofing body 5 are respectively by side wall body 1 shutoff, side wall body 1 top margin on both sides is forward circular arc from rear roofing body 5 top margin junction, uniform truss 3 between circular arc, truss 3 is covered with double-deck canopy film 4, double-deck canopy film 4 is built-in with carbon fiber electrothermal line 6, truss 3 is fixed with arc pull bar 15 in interval below, support bar 16 tractive is had to fix between arc pull bar 15 and truss 3, solar energy heat collection pipe 7 is provided with in the junction of arc pull bar 15 and support bar 16, the outside of double-deck canopy film 4 is provided with shutter I 8, shutter I 8 is provided with thermal insulation quilt and rainproof quilt, bracing frame is established in the below of double-deck canopy film 4, the intrinsic shutter II 9 in one end of bracing frame, shutter II 9 is provided with inside holding canopy of the heavens film 17 and covers on bracing frame, described ground, outside, greenhouse is provided with heat-insulation layer 10.
The side wall body 1 on both sides and back wall 2 are expanded metal lath cement plate sandwich wall, and sandwich interior charges are heat storing and heat preserving carriers 11.Adopt External Thermal Insulation Technology for External, cut off cold-heat bridge.Greenhouse interior wall and rear roofing body, adopt the cast-in-place cement mortar of expanded metal lath, be integrally formed.Rear roofing body and exterior wall adopt extruded sheet unit weight 32kg/m2.2 net 3 one polymer to wipe one's face.Cementing polypropylene fibre waterproof cloth on rear roofing body extruded sheet, smears waterproof mortar outward.Solar energy heat collection pipe 7 is arranged on truss 3 times 180 ~ 220mm places, and heat-insulation layer 10 is followed successively by waterproof mortar 12, ashes 13 and extruded sheet 14 from top to bottom.
Solar energy heating tubulature adopts copper pipe or stainless steel tube, and daylighting thermal-arrest simultaneously, dissolves the frosting outside canopy film, improves plastic foil light transmittance, and heat abstractor adopts plastic conduit.The basic heat energy of greenhouse by solar heat insulation is shallow layer geothermal energy.
Because underground water corrodes for a long time, after underground heat-insulation layer is moisture, be uninsulated.And ground insulating layer adopts 30mm thickness extruded sheet, ground paving ashes flatten, and smear waterproof mortar above.Every day, solar irradiation made ground heating surface, and geothermal constantly evaporates, and apparent freezing point is on warm outdoor ground cement layer.Slow down soil through-flow heat release in greenhouse, improve ground temperature in greenhouse.
The thermal insulation quilt of lighting roof and rainproofly to be put by two-layer volume respectively, makes thermal insulation quilt be incubated with building enclosure and mates, stop apparent freezing point and freeze at greenhouse inner membrance.Thermal insulation quilt and rainproofly formed air layer by centre, makes apparent freezing point rainproof by outside.
Greenhouse topsoil, higher than warm outdoor ground 500mm, cuts off the horizontal through-flow heat release of soil outside anthropogenic soil and greenhouse.Keep soil temperature in greenhouse.The inside holding canopy of the heavens film 17 that inside holding canopy and shutter II 9 are installed: under external-20 DEG C of conditions of greenhouse night insulation, warm indoor air temperature can remain on 10 DEG C.When warm outside air temperature-30 DEG C, in greenhouse by solar heat, be substantially 0 DEG C.Under condition of not heating under external-30 DEG C of conditions in greenhouse, adopt inside holding canopy to protect storage shallow layer geothermal energy temperature, inside holding canopy temperature reaches 8-10 DEG C.

Claims (4)

1. solar heating heat-insulating greenhouse, by side wall body (1), back wall (2), truss (3) and canopy film (4) are formed, it is characterized in that the top of back wall (2) is connected to the rear roofing body (5) turned forward, the both sides of back wall (2) and rear roofing body (5) are respectively by side wall body (1) shutoff, side wall body (1) top margin on both sides is forward circular arc from rear roofing body (5) top margin junction, uniform truss (3) between circular arc, truss (3) is covered with double-deck canopy film (4), double-deck canopy film (4) is built-in with carbon fiber electrothermal line (6), truss (3) is fixed with arc pull bar (15) in interval below, support bar (16) tractive is had to fix between arc pull bar (15) and truss (3), solar energy heat collection pipe (7) is provided with in the junction of arc pull bar (15) and support bar (16), the outside of double-deck canopy film (4) is provided with shutter I (8), shutter I (8) is provided with thermal insulation quilt and rainproof quilt, the below of double-deck canopy film (4) is provided with shutter II (9), shutter II (9) is provided with inside holding canopy of the heavens film (17), described ground, outside, greenhouse is provided with heat-insulation layer (10).
2. solar heating heat-insulating greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that side wall body (1) and back wall (2) are expanded metal lath cement plate sandwich wall, sandwich interior charges are heat storing and heat preserving carrier (11).
3. solar heating heat-insulating greenhouse as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that solar energy heat collection pipe (7) is arranged on 180 ~ 220mm place under truss (3).
4. solar heating heat-insulating greenhouse as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that heat-insulation layer (10) is followed successively by waterproof mortar (12), ashes (13) and extruded sheet (14) from top to bottom.
CN201520366611.8U 2015-06-01 2015-06-01 Solar heating heat-insulating greenhouse Expired - Fee Related CN204653173U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520366611.8U CN204653173U (en) 2015-06-01 2015-06-01 Solar heating heat-insulating greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520366611.8U CN204653173U (en) 2015-06-01 2015-06-01 Solar heating heat-insulating greenhouse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204653173U true CN204653173U (en) 2015-09-23

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CN201520366611.8U Expired - Fee Related CN204653173U (en) 2015-06-01 2015-06-01 Solar heating heat-insulating greenhouse

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106688707A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-05-24 邓新福 Novel greenhouse with heat storage function
CN108934610A (en) * 2018-07-17 2018-12-07 青岛农业大学 A kind of novel energy-conserving greenhouse of multilayer covering

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106688707A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-05-24 邓新福 Novel greenhouse with heat storage function
CN108934610A (en) * 2018-07-17 2018-12-07 青岛农业大学 A kind of novel energy-conserving greenhouse of multilayer covering

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150923

Termination date: 20160601