CN203891495U - Solar heating structure of building - Google Patents

Solar heating structure of building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203891495U
CN203891495U CN201420322582.0U CN201420322582U CN203891495U CN 203891495 U CN203891495 U CN 203891495U CN 201420322582 U CN201420322582 U CN 201420322582U CN 203891495 U CN203891495 U CN 203891495U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
house
ceiling layer
solar heating
furred ceiling
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420322582.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
辜英求
张永科
辜英会
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SHANGHAI FINERULE ELECTRO-MECHANICS Co Ltd
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SHANGHAI FINERULE ELECTRO-MECHANICS Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420322582.0U priority Critical patent/CN203891495U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203891495U publication Critical patent/CN203891495U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a solar heating structure of a building. The solar heating structure comprises a hollow tempered glass roof, a reflecting curtain, a heat storage ceiling layer, a manhole, a ventilation opening and a house body. The hollow tempered glass roof serves as the sunny roof of a house, the hollow tempered glass roof is arranged in the mode that an included angle is formed between the hollow tempered glass roof and the horizontal plane, the heat storage ceiling layer is arranged at the ceiling position at the top of the house body, and the reflecting curtain is arranged between the heat storage ceiling layer and the hollow tempered glass roof. The heat storage ceiling layer is provided with the manhole and the ventilation opening, and sunlight directly irradiates onto the heat storage ceiling layer through the hollow tempered glass roof. When the latitude of the area where the house is located is high, a rear eave needs to be additionally arranged. According to the solar heating structure of the building, the thermal-insulation hollow tempered glass roof is used as the sunny roof of the house, the sunlight directly irradiates onto a ceiling material with heat absorption, heat transmission and heat storage functions, sunlight radiation energy is efficiently collected and heat exchanging is directly realized between the sunlight radiation energy and indoor air. In the daytime, the heat storage ceiling layer absorbs and stores solar energy, at night, stored heat is released to warm the indoor air, and therefore the day-and-night temperature difference indoors becomes very small. By adjusting the light collecting area of the reflecting curtain, indoor temperature can be always kept in the range where a human body feels comfortable.

Description

Building solar heating structure
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of building solar heating structure.
Background technology
China is the very abundant country of solar energy resources, territory year of 2/3rds sunshine amount more than 2200 hours, the approximately annual 3340-8360MJ/ ㎡ of annual radiant all quality, is equivalent to 110-250kg standard coal/㎡.Be applicable to utilizing solar heating and hot water.
Existing its structure of house solar heating system as shown in Figure 1, its heating course of work is as follows: the 1st, and glass pipe type solar energy collector, because heating system is contained in severe cold area, the outdoor anti-icing fluid of can only using is as heat-exchange medium, by circulation pump 2 and heat interchanger 6, heat is passed to recirculated water.In order to store enough heat energy, water tank must be sufficiently large.The for example house of 150 square meters, water tank capacity needs more than 40 cubic metres.With circulating water pump, hot water being supplied to radiator again, is room heating.Some private residences in Pinggu County, beijing district, just utilize solar heating in this way.This heating method is quite ripe, and has corresponding national standard " GB 50495-2009 solar-heating heating engineering technical specification ".
There is following problem from the above-mentioned heating system course of work is known: 1, system is too complicated, comprises 3 and overlaps independently heat exchange circulation system.2, need very large storage tank.3, the very large solar energy collector of space required, for example house of 150 square meters, needs heat collector area approximately 80 square meters.Once 4, have a power failure daytime, circulation pump 2 can not be worked, anti-icing fluid gasifies very soon, and then destroys heat collector 1.Just because of these limitation, solar heating is not generalizable.
The method of another kind of passive type solar energy heating is to build glass sunlight house, and this is widely used in Qinghai-Tibet Platean.How to improve the heating effect of glass sunlight house, existing many patents, for example CN201320202832.2 discloses " a kind of dome structure of facing the wall and meditating that rotates ", whether be exposed to the sun by the transparent surface of selecting dome to face the wall and meditate, or the place of opening the door is still leeward windward, optionally utilize sunlight and natural wind to regulate domed-face pars intramuralis temperature.And for example CN201220131113.1 discloses a kind of " water air-conditioning glass sunlight house ", and in the glass roof interlayer of glass sunlight house, interchange of heat is carried out in water flowing.
Obviously, the moveable roof that patent CN201320202832.2 proposes, is very difficult implementing aspect structural stability and operability.And scheme shown in CN201220131113.1, it is more difficult that structure building gets up, and the current skewness on roofing keeps water-stop to be also difficult to for a long time, and after having a power failure winter, the water of roofing is easy to freeze, thereby destroys roofing.Therefore these scheme implementations are more difficult, are difficult to promote the use of.
Summary of the invention
The utility model relates to a kind of building solar heating structure.
The building solar heating structure the utility model proposes, comprises hollow tempering glass roofing 10, reflective curtain 11, heat accumulation furred ceiling layer 13, manhole and ventilation opening 14 and house body 19; Described hollow tempering glass roofing 10, as the roofing on the sunny side in house, is positioned at house body 19 tops, and the furred ceiling position of house body 19 tops is provided with heat accumulation furred ceiling layer 13, between heat accumulation furred ceiling layer 13 and hollow tempering glass roofing 10, is provided with reflective curtain 11; Heat accumulation furred ceiling layer 13 is provided with manhole and ventilation opening 14, for realizing indoor air convection, indoor lighting and building maintenance; Sunshine shines directly on heat accumulation furred ceiling layer 13 by hollow tempering glass roofing 10.
In the utility model, in the time that house body 19 is two layers or more structure, southern metope 21 and the north wall surfaces 20 of house body 19 are provided with air chimney, and air chimney below is provided with ventilation fan, thereby for making upper and lower floor cross-ventilation realize exchange heat.
In the utility model, in the time that their location, house latitude is higher, need to add rear eaves 12, described rear eaves 12 one end and hollow tempering glass roofing 10 are circular array, are arranged in house body 19 tops.Structure as shown in Figure 3.
In the utility model, described heat accumulation furred ceiling layer 13 adopts the combination of materials with high efficiency heat absorption, heat accumulation and heat transmission function and environmental protection to form.
In the utility model, described hollow tempering glass roofing 10 is positioned at light steel skeleton 15 tops at house body 19 tops, and reflective curtain 11 is positioned at light steel skeleton 15 belows.
Temperature regulating effect of the present utility model is:
The utility model adopts the hollow tempered glass of insulation as the roofing on the sunny side in house, and sunlight shines directly into be had heat absorption, on the ceiling material of heat transfer and heat storage function, efficiently collect solar irradiation energy, and directly carry out large-area exchange heat with room air.Daytime, 13 absorption of heat accumulation furred ceiling layer stored solar energy, discharged the warm room air of heat of storing evening, thereby made the indoor temperature difference round the clock become very little, and interior temperature remains at the scope that human body is comfortable.The average temperature of indoor every day is controlled by the reflective curtain 11 of adjustable daylighting area, reaches object cool in summer and warm in winter.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is existing solar heating system.
Fig. 2 is structural diagrams of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is the building structure diagram that the utility model has door socket and rear eaves.
Fig. 4 is the structural diagrams in the two-layer house of the utility model.
Number in the figure: 1 is solar heat collector, 2 is thermal-arrest circulation pump, 3 is hot water circulation pump, 4 is expansion drum, and 5 is heating circulation pump, and 6 is heat exchanger, 7 is heat storage water tank, and 8 is heating water knockout drum, and 9 is heating water collector, 10 is hollow tempering glass roofing, and 11 is reflective curtain, and 12 is rear eaves, 13 is heat accumulation furred ceiling layer, 14 is manhole and ventilation opening, and 15 is light steel skeleton, and 16 is the first air chimney, 17 is ventilation fan, 18 is the second air chimney, and 19 is house body, and 20 is north wall surfaces, 21 is southern metope, 22 is floor, and 23 is gate, and 24 is door socket.
Detailed description of the invention
Further illustrate by reference to the accompanying drawings the utility model below by embodiment.
Embodiment 1: as shown in Figure 3, solar heating room structure and common one-storey house structure are basic identical.Comprise house body 19, southern metope 21, north wall surfaces 20, floor 22 and gate 23.Also comprise that roofing is made up of the hollow tempering glass roofing 10 with printing opacity, insulation and soundproof effect on the sunny side, hollow tempering glass roofing 10 is horizontal by being in tilted layout, the furred ceiling position of house body 19 tops is provided with heat accumulation furred ceiling layer 13, and hollow tempering glass roofing 10 is installed on the light steel skeleton 15 that is fixed on house sidings top.Light steel skeleton 15 is provided with the reflective curtain 11 of adjustable daylighting area below.Indoor suspended ceiling layer is the heat accumulation furred ceiling layer 13 being made up of the material with heat absorption, heat accumulation and heat exchange function.Heat accumulation furred ceiling layer 13 is arranged on and is fixed on wall or is hung on light steel skeleton 15 section bar below.On heat accumulation furred ceiling layer 13, leave for ventilating, manhole and the ventilation opening 14 of daylighting and maintenance.As described in manhole and ventilation opening 14 can be located at heat accumulation furred ceiling layer 13 and house body 19 junctions etc., according to the latitude of their location, weather and custom, building structure can consider whether to retain rear eaves 12, and the part such as gate 23 and door socket 24.
On daytime, sunlight is by hollow glass roofing 10 direct irradiations on heat accumulation furred ceiling layer 13, and radiant energy converts heat to and is stored in heat-absorbing material, and stops the too fast rising of interior temperature.Evening is when mercury dropped, the warm room air of amount of heat storing in heat-absorbing material, thus stop the fast-descending of interior temperature.That is to say, heat accumulation furred ceiling layer 13 has effect stable and buffering fluctuations in indoor temperature.On the other hand, average indoor temperature can be regulated by reflective curtain 11.In cold winter, by expanding daylighting area, reach the object of heating.And reduce interior temperature by expanding reflective area and dwindling daylighting area hot summer, room temperature is controlled to the scope that human body is comfortable.Two aspects combine, and reach object cool in summer and warm in winter.And this nested structure is easy to realize the automatic control of interior temperature.
Obviously, on heat accumulation furred ceiling layer 13 be also a plantation some improve the natural place of IAQ (indoor air quality) plant, warm, clean, quiet, there is no a disease and pest.Therefore, the utility model is ecological shelter worthy of the name.
Embodiment 2: for sandwich construction house, as shown in Figure 4.Except top layer should adopt as the structure of Fig. 2 or Fig. 3, also should between floor, set up the first air chimney 16, ventilation fan 17 and the second air chimney 18, for ventilation and exchange heat between upper and lower floor.

Claims (5)

1. a building solar heating structure, comprises hollow tempering glass roofing (10), reflective curtain (11), heat accumulation furred ceiling layer (13), manhole and ventilation opening (14) and house body (19); It is characterized in that the on the sunny side roofing of described hollow tempering glass roofing (10) as house, be positioned at house body (19) top, the furred ceiling position of house body (19) top is provided with heat accumulation furred ceiling layer (13), between heat accumulation furred ceiling layer (13) and hollow tempering glass roofing (10), is provided with reflective curtain (11); Heat accumulation furred ceiling layer (13) is provided with manhole and ventilation opening (14), for realizing indoor air convection, indoor lighting and building maintenance; Sunshine shines directly on heat accumulation furred ceiling layer (13) by hollow tempering glass roofing (10).
2. building solar heating structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that in the time that house body (19) is two layers or more structure, southern metope (21) and the north wall surfaces (20) of house body (19) are provided with air chimney, air chimney below is provided with ventilation fan, for making upper and lower floor cross-ventilation.
3. building solar heating structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that in the time that their location, house latitude is higher, need to add rear eaves (12), described rear eaves (12) one end and hollow tempering glass roofing (10) are circular array, are arranged in house body (19) top.
4. building solar heating structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that described heat accumulation furred ceiling layer (13) adopts the combination of materials with high efficiency heat absorption, heat accumulation and heat transmission function and environmental protection to form.
5. building solar heating structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described hollow tempering glass roofing (10) is positioned at light steel skeleton (15) top at house body (19) top, reflective curtain (11) is positioned at light steel skeleton (15) below.
CN201420322582.0U 2014-06-18 2014-06-18 Solar heating structure of building Expired - Fee Related CN203891495U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420322582.0U CN203891495U (en) 2014-06-18 2014-06-18 Solar heating structure of building

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420322582.0U CN203891495U (en) 2014-06-18 2014-06-18 Solar heating structure of building

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203891495U true CN203891495U (en) 2014-10-22

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Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203891495U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI659145B (en) * 2017-04-12 2019-05-11 黃榮芳 Factory heat dissipation structure
CN111980465A (en) * 2019-05-23 2020-11-24 居澜文化创意(上海)有限公司 Functional cabin structure with steel-aluminum structure
CN113216389A (en) * 2021-04-14 2021-08-06 银广厦集团有限公司 Assembly type steel structure integrated green building and installation process thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI659145B (en) * 2017-04-12 2019-05-11 黃榮芳 Factory heat dissipation structure
CN111980465A (en) * 2019-05-23 2020-11-24 居澜文化创意(上海)有限公司 Functional cabin structure with steel-aluminum structure
CN113216389A (en) * 2021-04-14 2021-08-06 银广厦集团有限公司 Assembly type steel structure integrated green building and installation process thereof

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141022

Termination date: 20210618

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee