CN103726577A - Solar thermosyphon ventilation and heat storage heating system - Google Patents

Solar thermosyphon ventilation and heat storage heating system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103726577A
CN103726577A CN201410007181.0A CN201410007181A CN103726577A CN 103726577 A CN103726577 A CN 103726577A CN 201410007181 A CN201410007181 A CN 201410007181A CN 103726577 A CN103726577 A CN 103726577A
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China
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ventilation
air
solar
ventilation opening
heat
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CN201410007181.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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王克振
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Lanzhou University of Technology
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Lanzhou University of Technology
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Priority to CN201410007181.0A priority Critical patent/CN103726577A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

A solar thermosyphon ventilation and heat storage heating system comprises a house body which comprises a foundation, a bounding wall, a door, a window and a solar thermosyphon ventilation and heat storage heating device. The solar thermosyphon ventilation and heat storage heating device comprises a solar roof, an underground heat storage body, an air inlet channel, an air outlet channel, a fan, a valve and a single-direction valve. The solar roof comprises a sunshade net, a light-transmitting layer, a photothermal conversion layer, a heat preservation layer, a ventilation opening, a valve or a plug and a roof support. The solar roof is a roof as well as a solar air heat collector. Heat storage materials in the underground heat storage body are setting heat storage materials, a large number of gaps are reserved between the setting heat storage materials, and the solar roof and the underground heat storage body are communicated through the air inlet channel and the air outlet channel.

Description

Solar heat siphon ventilation and thermal storage heating system
Technical field
The present invention relates to solar heating and aeration technology field, be specifically related to a kind of thermal siphon ventilation and thermal storage heating system of utilizing solar energy heating.
Background technology
Take dielectric as main solar heating and aeration technology, exist the high and electric energy of cost for solar power generation to be difficult for the reasons of a large amount of storage two aspects, applying of such technology is subject to larger restriction.
Solar heating take aqueous medium as master and aeration technology are at present main application modes, the subject matter that such technology exists is water frozen problem in the winter time, in the free-standing solar heating and ventilation system of only or single building, often there is power supply instability, house is sometimes unoccupied or the situation such as look after, if system cannot normally be moved once break down, water freezing will make solar thermal collection system, heat transfer system, pipeline bursting by freezing in heating system, the damage that causes whole solar energy heating system even to build, therefore its maintenance and antifreeze cost are very high, if adopt anti-icing fluid or conduction oil will make system operation cost increase, and there is repeatedly heat transfer problem, therefore there is obvious problem in such technology.
Take air dielectric as main solar heating and aeration technology, it is a kind of new technique.Retrieve published documents and materials, representational article has the Master degree candidate of Jiangsu University paper " development of solar energy heating system " in 2011, studied the outer facade solar air heat collection heating system of the Nan Qiang without heat accumulation of the moving combination of a kind of main quilt, adopt the directly pattern to room hot wind supply to realize heating, what this article was mainly studied is the optimization of collector structure and the performance of solar energy heating system, this system is take air as heat transfer medium, without heat reservoir, also without ventilation system.
Patent searching document, has 3 technology and the art of this patent comparatively similar.
Section 1 is the utility model patent technology of " the solar heating factory building " of having authorized, and its number of patent application is 2008201797020.This technology proposes using air as heat transfer medium, using cobble as heat-storage medium, logical light roof lighting hole is realized passive type daylighting and is directly heated the interior space, the thermal-arrest wall of Chaoyang absorbs heat by underground heat accumulation cobble in passive mode heating clamber, by heat exhausting pipe, the thermal release in cobble is arrived indoor again, this technology relies on passive mode to collect solar energy completely, due to boulder bed hinder air therein flow, therefore can not Efficient Cycle under its passive type closed circuit forms at less Air Temperature Difference slight pressure is poor, therefore its collecting efficiency is not high, and the lightlng hole on roof directly heats room air, there is no heat-storage medium, easily form the larger fluctuation of indoor air temperature, this technology does not have ventilation system yet, easily make indoor sultry summer, therefore exist obvious deficiency.
Section 2 is the utility model patent technology of " the farm dwelling solar energy heating device " of having authorized, and its number of patent application is 2009201010823.This technology is also using air as heat transfer medium, to be arranged on underground cobble as heat-storage medium, have active and passive type thermal-arrest pattern concurrently, its method is, on roof, building Chaoyang, solar energy air heat collector is set again, and be arranged on UNICOM between two underground cobble heat accumulation tanks, by active mode, carry out heat accumulation and heat supply, and facade arranges heat siphon type air collector as passive type heating pattern outside Nan Qiang, by the moving heating that realizes building in conjunction with the pattern that powers up auxiliary heating of solar energy main quilt.In this technology, obviously exist following problem: 1. solar energy air heat collector and building roof are separate, building roof and solar energy collector repeat to build, and the total cost of solar building is obviously increased; 2. be built up in two underground heat accumulation tanks and only by low-temp radiating and heat conduction, to room, heat, heating power is less, when needs increase heating power, must enable induced draft fan guarantee room temperature, makes solar house in heating process, consume extra electric energy; 3. the heat siphon type air collector that is built up in the outer facade of Nan Qiang does not have control device, this device no matter summer in winter, daytime or night all the time in work, the solar radiant energy that makes daytime in summer is changed into heat energy and enter room, make the room heating on daytime in summer, and night in the winter time, heat siphon type air collector will turn round in the other direction, and indoor heat is sent to outdoor; 4. be built up in the heat siphon type air collector institute heat-collecting capacity of the outer facade of Nan Qiang without heat accumulation and directly to room heat supply, exist room temperature with solar radiation situation strong and weak and that significantly change, reduced the comfortableness in room; 5. this technology can not realize in summer the solar heat siphon ventilation in room.
Section 3 is the patent of invention technology of published " a kind of solar heating and ventilation system of utilizing solar heat-preservation form ", and its number of patent application is 2012104710621.This technology proposes using air as heat transfer medium, using phase-change heat-storage material as heat-storage medium, by main quilt, move the method combining and realize the heating and ventilating of solar energy, its method is by the glass roof daylighting in accumulation of heat space, solar energy shines directly on phase-change heat-storage material and is heated, phase-change heat-storage material heats ambient air again, while needing, by blower fan, the hot air in accumulation of heat space is blown into the target of indoor realization heating, in the time need to ventilating, open the ventilation opening of both sides, accumulation of heat space and realize natural ventilation or blower fan forced ventilation, this technology utilizes phase-change heat-storage material to carry out thermal storage heating, because of architectural energy consumption large, therefore need the heat accumulating of the large scale of construction, its phase-change material heat accumulation cost is higher, this technology adopts natural ventilation or blower fan forced mode to ventilate, when calm nothing electricity, can not realize available ventilation, and rely on blower ventilation need to consume extra electric energy.
Above three technology obviously exists following problem: 1. solar energy air heat collector and building roof are separate, and building roof and solar energy collector exist and repeat to build, and the total cost of solar building heating system is obviously increased; 2. solar energy air heat collector and indoor direct UNICOM, do not have control device, exist the phenomenon of falling thermal siphon, cold night by outdoor indoor heat sucking-off; 3. being arranged on underground cobble thermal store heats to room by low-temp radiating and heat conduction, heating power changes with the variation of underground thermal store temperature, heating power is non-adjustable, and when needs increase heating power, must enable induced draft fan guarantee room temperature, make solar house in heating process, consume extra electric energy; 4. adopt natural ventilation or blower fan forced mode to ventilate, when calm nothing electricity, can not realize available ventilation, and rely on blower ventilation need to consume extra electric energy.
Summary of the invention
the object of the invention is: 1,in order to solve the problem that solar energy air heat collector and building roof integrated degree are low, 2, the problem of falling thermal siphon producing in order to solve solar energy air heat collector and indoor direct UNICOM, 3, for solve underground thermal store heating power non-adjustable, increase the problem that underground thermal store heating power need to consume electric energy, 4, in order to solve in sultry summer, under calm condition, not consume electric energy and realize the problem of good ventilation, 5, in order to improve the guaranteed rate of the sun, reduce architectural energy consumption, 6,, in order to increase the daylighting area of building, increase passive type lighting quantity.
The present invention is solar heat siphon ventilation and thermal storage heating system, there is a main house body, described main house body comprises ground, enclosure wall 13, door 5 and window 4, also comprise solar heat siphon ventilation and thermal storage heating device, described solar heat siphon ventilation and thermal storage heating device comprise solar energy roof, underground thermal store 18, wind inlet channel 15, air-out air channel 21, blower fan 10, the first valve 11 and one-way cock 23, on the enclosure wall 13 of Chaoyang, window 4 is installed, on enclosure wall 13, need the place that people passes through to be provided with door 5, outside all enclosure walls 13, be all equipped with insulation layer 14, carrying on the back positive enclosure wall 13 is interlayer enclosure wall, inboard wall is provided with wind inlet channel 15, ventilation stack 25 UNICOMs on the top of wind inlet channel 15 and solar energy roof, in connection place, be provided with the first ventilation opening 9, the lower end of wind inlet channel 15 and underground thermal store 18 UNICOMs, in connection place, be provided with the second ventilation opening 17, the centre of wind inlet channel 15 is provided with and indoor the 3rd ventilation opening 16 being connected, on the 3rd ventilation opening 16, be provided with the second valve 26, between the 3rd ventilation opening 16 of wind inlet channel 15 and the first ventilation opening 9, upper position is provided with blower fan 10, below blower fan 10, be provided with the first valve 11, in the inner side of Chao Yang enclosure wall 13, be provided with air-out air channel 21, the top in air-out air channel 21 and the place of being connected, solar energy roof are provided with the 3rd ventilation opening 24, the lower end in air-out air channel 21 and underground thermal store 18 places of being connected are provided with five-way air port 19, the centre in air-out air channel 21 is provided with and indoor the 6th ventilation opening 20 being connected, on the 6th ventilation opening 20, be provided with the 3rd valve 27, on the top in air-out air channel 21, one-way cock 23 is installed, between the 6th ventilation opening 20 in air-out air channel 21 and four-way air port 24, upper position is provided with one-way cock 23, it more than the layer of flooring, is carpet 29, below ground floor and enclosure wall 13 centres are underground thermal stores 18, between heat accumulating in underground thermal store 18, there are a large amount of spaces, underground thermal store 18 is heat insulating material 14 below, it below heat insulating material, is house foundation, described solar energy roof is located at enclosure wall 13 tops, described solar energy roof comprises roof bracket 12, insulation layer 8, photothermal transformation layer 7, photic zone 6, sunshade net 3, the 7th ventilation opening 1, the 4th valve 2, at house enclosure wall 13 tops, be provided with roof bracket 12, on roof bracket 12, be fixed with insulation layer 8, in insulation layer 8 tops, are photothermal transformation layers 7, photothermal transformation layer 7 is by stent support, keep a determining deviation with insulation layer 8, in photothermal transformation layer 7 tops, are photic zones 6, also at regular intervals between photic zone 6 and photothermal transformation layer 7, insulation layer 8 seals with edge sealing with photic zone 6 peripheries, between insulation layer 8 and photic zone (6), photothermal transformation layer 7 respectively forms a ventilation stack 25 up and down, sunshade net 3 is installed on photic zone 6.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
1, owing to having realized integrated design and the construction problem of solar energy air heat collector and building roof, the construction costs of solar building heating and ventilation system is reduced, thereby the economy that has improved solar building heating and ventilation system with can acceptance.
2, owing to being provided with valve with solar energy air heat collector and the indoor ventilation opening place being connected respectively at wind inlet channel and air-out air channel, valve-off when not needing thermal-arrest, solar energy air heat collector and indoor convection channel have been blocked, the phenomenon of falling thermal siphon is no longer occurred, when without solar energy, solar energy air heat collector becomes as building heat preservation device, reduce scattering and disappearing of Indoor environment heat, improved the effect of solar heating.
3, this patent is by the design of interlayer enclosure wall, make the air in hot air and the interlayer enclosure wall in underground thermal store carry out heat convection, in underground thermal store, heat heats interlayer enclosure wall, the internal layer of interlayer enclosure wall can heat to room by the mode of heat conduction and radiation, the ground in house, enclosure wall all will become the area of underground thermal store to housing heating like this, and heat supply efficiency obtains effectively and improves; On the other hand, also can directly open the valve that indoor ventilation opening is led in wind inlet channel and air-out air channel, make the hot air in underground thermal store can directly enter indoor, underground thermal store and the indoor heat convection that passes through, strengthen heat transfer effect, the two acting in conjunction realizes does not consume energy and increases the effect of underground thermal store heating power.
4, because this patent is laid carpet or knitting needle fabric on by building ground floor, carpet or knitting needle fabric have the effect that the underground thermal store of obstruction conducts heat by ground, by changing carpet or knitting needle fabric area coverage on the ground, can control heating power; On the other hand, the aperture size of leading to the valve of indoor ventilation opening by controlling wind inlet channel and air-out air channel also can be controlled the power of heat convection, two all acting in conjunction can effectively realize the effect of controlling heating power.
5, due to solar energy roof heat collector is installed by certain inclination angle, solar energy roof heat collector and south air heat-collecting chamber UNICOM within the walls, at the most significant end on solar energy roof, be provided with the ventilation opening that leads to atmosphere, on daytime in summer when solar irradiation is mapped on air collector, hot air in heat collector is by the lift producing upwards, by ventilation opening, discharge, thereby the air in suction chamber enters in heat collector cavity by ventilation opening or internal layer window, after heating, move upward, realize not power consumption and the beneficial effect that ventilates by solar heat siphon.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the solar heat siphon ventilation of patent of the present invention and the structural representation of thermal storage heating system, Fig. 2 is the active hot wind supply working method of patent of the present invention schematic diagram, Fig. 3 is the active heat-collecting heat-storage heating of patent of the present invention working method schematic diagram, Fig. 4 is patent passive type hot wind supply working method schematic diagram of the present invention, Fig. 5 is patent passive type heat-collecting heat-storage working method schematic diagram of the present invention, Fig. 6 is the underground thermal store of patent of the present invention to room heating working method schematic diagram, and Fig. 7 is the thermal siphon ventilation operation mode schematic diagram of patent of the present invention.Arrow in Fig. 2,3,4,5,7 represents solar radiation, and the arrow upwards in Fig. 3 on carpet 29 represents heat radiation, and Fig. 2,3,4,5,7 empty arrows represent flow path direction.
The specific embodiment
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Fig. 3, the present invention is a kind of solar heat siphon ventilation and thermal storage heating system, there is a main house body, described main house body comprises ground, enclosure wall 13, door 5 and window 4, also comprise solar heat siphon ventilation and thermal storage heating device, described solar heat siphon ventilation and thermal storage heating device comprise solar energy roof, underground thermal store 18, wind inlet channel 15, air-out air channel 21, blower fan 10, the first valve 11 and one-way cock 23, on the enclosure wall 13 of Chaoyang, window 4 is installed, on enclosure wall 13, need the place that people passes through to be provided with door 5, outside all enclosure walls 13, be all equipped with insulation layer 14, carrying on the back positive enclosure wall 13 is interlayer enclosure wall, inboard wall is provided with wind inlet channel 15, ventilation stack 25 UNICOMs on the top of wind inlet channel 15 and solar energy roof, in connection place, be provided with the first ventilation opening 9, the lower end of wind inlet channel 15 and underground thermal store 18 UNICOMs, in connection place, be provided with the second ventilation opening 17, the centre of wind inlet channel 15 is provided with and indoor the 3rd ventilation opening 16 being connected, on the 3rd ventilation opening 16, be provided with the second valve 26, between the 3rd ventilation opening 16 of wind inlet channel 15 and the first ventilation opening 9, upper position is provided with blower fan 10, below blower fan 10, be provided with the first valve 11, in the inner side of Chao Yang enclosure wall 13, be provided with air-out air channel 21, the top in air-out air channel 21 and the place of being connected, solar energy roof are provided with the 3rd ventilation opening 24, the lower end in air-out air channel 21 and underground thermal store 18 places of being connected are provided with five-way air port 19, the centre in air-out air channel 21 is provided with and indoor the 6th ventilation opening 20 being connected, on the 6th ventilation opening 20, be provided with the 3rd valve 27, on the top in air-out air channel 21, one-way cock 23 is installed, between the 6th ventilation opening 20 in air-out air channel 21 and four-way air port 24, upper position is provided with one-way cock 23, it more than the layer of flooring, is carpet 29, below ground floor and enclosure wall 13 centres are underground thermal stores 18, between heat accumulating in underground thermal store 18, there are a large amount of spaces, underground thermal store 18 is heat insulating material 14 below, it below heat insulating material, is house foundation, described solar energy roof is located at enclosure wall 13 tops, described solar energy roof comprises roof bracket 12, insulation layer 8, photothermal transformation layer 7, photic zone 6, sunshade net 3, the 7th ventilation opening 1, the 4th valve 2, at house enclosure wall 13 tops, be provided with roof bracket 12, on roof bracket 12, be fixed with insulation layer 8, in insulation layer 8 tops, are photothermal transformation layers 7, photothermal transformation layer 7 is by stent support, keep a determining deviation with insulation layer 8, in photothermal transformation layer 7 tops, are photic zones 6, also at regular intervals between photic zone 6 and photothermal transformation layer 7, insulation layer 8 seals with edge sealing with photic zone 6 peripheries, between insulation layer 8 and photic zone (6), photothermal transformation layer 7 respectively forms a ventilation stack 25 up and down, sunshade net 3 is installed on photic zone 6.
Solar energy roof is pressed certain angle and is installed, and this setting angle should be in the scope of house on-site angle of latitude plus-minus 40 degree.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, sunshade net 3 partly or entirely folding or expansion as required, sunshade net 3 is parallel with photic zone 6 or by a less angle installation, the installing space between sunshade net 3 and photic zone 6 is between 0~100 centimetre.
As shown in Figure 1, the 7th ventilation opening 1 is positioned at the highest point of solar house, is provided with the 4th valve 2 in the 7th ventilation opening 1, and ventilation opening and the 3rd valve 2 can have 1 also can have multiple.
As shown in Figure 2, wind inlet channel 15 and air-out air channel 21 are circular, or rectangle, or square, or triangle, or other arbitrary shapes, have one at least.
As shown in Figure 2, heat accumulating in underground thermal store 18 is setting heat accumulating, setting heat accumulating is cobble, or stone, or by the soil of seal of vessel, or by the water of seal of vessel, or by the phase-change material of seal of vessel, the thickness of setting heat accumulating is between the cm of 10cm~200, between setting heat accumulating, leave space, at the bottom reflection of electromagnetic wave film of laying of setting heat accumulating, it below reflectance coating, is insulation layer 14, insulation layer 14 is damp-proof course below, it below damp-proof course, is house foundation, underground thermal store 18 by the second ventilation opening 17 and five-way air port 19 directly and wind inlet channel 15 and air-out air channel 21 be connected.
As shown in Figure 3, the first valve 11, or the second valve 26, or the 3rd valve 27, or the 4th valve 2 can substitute with stopper.
As shown in Figure 2, the active hot wind supply working method of solar heating and ventilation system, in the time that need to heat to room, if need solar heating and ventilation system directly to room hot wind supply, its working method is: open roof sunshade net 3, close the 4th valve 2 or the stopper at femerell 1 place, start blower fan 10, the hot blast that roof heat collector is produced moves downward along wind inlet channel 15, open valve or stopper 26 that wind inlet channel 15 leads to the 3rd ventilation opening 16 places within doors, open again the 3rd valve 27 or the stopper that air outlet 20 places are within doors led in air-out air channel 21, make hot air directly enter room, and the cold air in room is pressed into air-out air channel 21, and move upward, by the one-way cock 23 in air-out air channel, enter solar energy roof, along solar energy roof photic zone 6 and the passage 25 that the photothermal transformation layer 7 under it forms, move upward, and absorb the heat in sunlight, and carry out interchange of heat with photothermal transformation layer 7, temperature rises gradually, arrive top, by blower fan 10, sucked wind inlet channel 15.So constantly carry out repetitive cycling, gradually heating indoor is arrived to comfortable temperature.
As shown in Figure 3, the active heat-collecting heat-storage heating of solar heating and ventilation system working method, in the time that need to heat to room, if interior temperature is pleasant, do not need solar heating and ventilation system directly to room hot wind supply, solar heating and ventilation system working method are: open roof sunshade net 3, close the 4th valve 2 or the stopper at femerell 1 place, start blower fan 10, the hot blast that solar energy roof is produced moves downward along wind inlet channel 15, close wind inlet channel 15 and lead to the 3rd valve 27 or the stopper that second valve 26 at the 3rd ventilation opening 16 places within doors or stopper and air-out air channel 21 lead to the 6th ventilation opening 20 places within doors, make hot air continue to move downward, from the second ventilation opening 17 that leads to underground thermal store 18, enter underground thermal store 18, and carry out abundant heat exchange with the heat accumulating of underground thermal store 18, cooled cold air enters air-out air channel 21 by the five-way air port 19 of underground thermal store 18, and move upward, by the one-way cock 23 in air-out air channel 21, enter solar energy roof ventilation stack 25, along roof ventilation road 25, move upward, and absorb the heat in sunlight, and carry out interchange of heat with photothermal transformation layer 7, temperature rises gradually, arrive top, by blower fan 10, sucked wind inlet channel 15.So constantly carry out repetitive cycling, the solar energy that roof heat collector absorbs gradually changes into heat energy and is stored in underground thermal store 18, and by underground thermal store 18 in the mode of convection current, heat conduction and radiation to room with controlled manner release heat.
As shown in Figure 4, solar heating and ventilation system passive type hot wind supply working method, need to be to the time of room hot wind supply, open sunshade net 3, close second valve 2 or the stopper at the 7th ventilation opening 1 place on roof, open the second valve 26 or the 3rd valve 27 or stopper, close window 22 and partitions window 28 on Nan Qiang, sunshine can directly see through the window 22 and the partitions window 28 that are arranged on Nan Qiang on the one hand and directly shine into indoor, make interior temperature increase, heat on the other hand the air in air-out air channel 21 and solar energy roof, hot air moves upward, cold air in wind inlet channel 15 moves downwards simultaneously, by the 3rd ventilation opening 16, enter indoor, form the shuttling movement of cold and hot air, room air is heated to needed comfort temperature the most at last.
As shown in Figure 5, solar heating and ventilation system passive type heat-collecting heat-storage working method, in the time that need to heat to room, open sunshade net 3, close valve or the stopper 2 at femerell 1 place, close ventilation opening valve or stopper 26 and 27, now sunshine is irradiated to the air in air-out air channel 21 and solar energy roof through solar energy roof photic zone 6 or southern wall window 22, by air heat, the lift that hot air produces upwards moves upward, and the cold air of 15 li of wind inlet channels moves downward because density is heavier, and enter 18 li of underground thermal stores by ventilation opening 17, with after the abundant heat exchange of heat-storage medium of 18 li of underground thermal stores, be forced out ventilation opening 19, enter in air-out air channel 21 and again by sunshine, heated upwards operation, arrive top operation downwards again, so constantly repetitive cycling, heat accumulating in underground thermal store 18 is constantly heated, solar energy changes into heat energy and is stored in underground thermal store 18.
Underground thermal store 18 to room heating working method as shown in Figure 6, under evening, successive cloudy days or the sleety weather of cold season, pull on sunshade net 3, shut the 4th valve 2 or stopper on the 7th ventilation opening 1 on roof, to reduce the heat radiation on roof, open the 3rd ventilation opening 16 and the air-out air channel 21 that wind inlet channel 15 leads within doors simultaneously and lead to the 6th ventilation opening 20 within doors, close southern wall window 22 and partitions window 28, make outdoor cold air and Indoor Thermal air there is no convection current, to reduce room heat radiation.The heat being now stored in underground thermal store 18 will dispel the heat to room by radiation, heat conduction and three kinds of modes of convection current, also can, according to the size of heating demand power by regulating the aperture control heating power of carpet 29 area coverages and control the second valve 26 or the 3rd valve 27, room be remained in comfortable temperature range.The designed size difference of thermal store 18 under base area, patent of the present invention can make temperature in room keep marked change does not occur for 1-7 days, and in mode slowly, declines in thereafter several days.When weather is clear and bright by the time, heat-collecting heat-storage again again, therefore can make the solar energy fraction in room increase substantially, and reduce the fluctuation of interior temperature, has strengthened the comfortableness in room.
As shown in Figure 7, patent of the present invention provides the working method of cool breeze, in the season of heat, pull open sunshade net 3, open the 4th valve 2 or the stopper at the 7th ventilation opening 1 place, roof, closing wind inlet channel 15 leads to the 3rd ventilation opening 16 within doors and opens air-out air channel 21 and lead to the 6th ventilation opening 20 within doors, air in roof heat collector is heated by sunshine, produce lift upwards, the 7th ventilation opening 1 by roof is discharged, and aspirate room air and move upward by air-out air channel 21, produce suction, outdoor nice and cool fresh air is sucked in by door 5, reach the object that makes room temperature lowering.

Claims (7)

1. solar heat siphon ventilation and thermal storage heating system, there is a main house body, described main house body comprises ground, enclosure wall (13), door (5) and window (4), also comprise solar heat siphon ventilation and thermal storage heating device, described solar heat siphon ventilation and thermal storage heating device comprise solar energy roof, underground thermal store (18), wind inlet channel (15), air-out air channel (21), blower fan (10), the first valve (11) and one-way cock (23), it is characterized in that: on the enclosure wall (13) of Chaoyang, window (4) is installed, on enclosure wall (13), need the place that people passes through to be provided with door (5), outside all enclosure walls (13), be all equipped with insulation layer (14), carrying on the back positive enclosure wall (13) is interlayer enclosure wall, inboard wall is provided with wind inlet channel (15), ventilation stack (25) UNICOM on the top of wind inlet channel (15) and solar energy roof, in connection place, be provided with the first ventilation opening (9), the lower end of wind inlet channel (15) and underground thermal store (18) UNICOM, in connection place, be provided with the second ventilation opening (17), the centre of wind inlet channel (15) is provided with and indoor the 3rd ventilation opening (16) being connected, on the 3rd ventilation opening (16), be provided with the second valve (26), be positioned at upper position between the 3rd ventilation opening (16) of wind inlet channel (15) and the first ventilation opening (9) blower fan (10) is installed, below blower fan (10), be provided with the first valve (11), inner side at the enclosure wall (13) being exposed to the sun is provided with air-out air channel (21), the top in air-out air channel (21) and the place of being connected, solar energy roof are provided with the 3rd ventilation opening (24), the lower end in air-out air channel (21) and underground thermal store (18) place of being connected are provided with five-way air port (19), the centre in air-out air channel (21) is provided with and indoor the 6th ventilation opening (20) being connected, on the 6th ventilation opening (20), be provided with the 3rd valve (27), on the top of air-out air channel (21), one-way cock (23) is installed, be positioned at upper position between the 6th ventilation opening (20) in air-out air channel (21) and four-way air port (24) one-way cock (23) is installed, it more than the layer of flooring, is carpet (29), below ground floor and enclosure wall (13) centre is underground thermal store (18), between heat accumulating in underground thermal store (18), there are a large amount of spaces, underground thermal store (18) is heat insulating material (14) below, it below heat insulating material, is house foundation, described solar energy roof is located at enclosure wall (13) top, described solar energy roof comprises roof bracket (12), insulation layer (8), photothermal transformation layer (7), photic zone (6), sunshade net (3), the 7th ventilation opening (1), the 4th valve (2), at the top of house enclosure wall (13), be provided with roof bracket (12), on roof bracket (12), be fixed with insulation layer (8), in insulation layer (8) top, be photothermal transformation layer (7), photothermal transformation layer (7) is by stent support, keep a determining deviation with insulation layer (8), in photothermal transformation layer (7) top, be photic zone (6), also at regular intervals between photic zone (6) and photothermal transformation layer (7), insulation layer (8) seals with edge sealing with photic zone (6) periphery, between insulation layer (8) and photic zone (6), photothermal transformation layer (7) respectively forms a ventilation stack (25) up and down, sunshade net (3) is installed on photic zone (6).
2. solar heat siphon ventilation according to claim 1 and thermal storage heating system, is characterized in that: solar energy roof is installed by certain angle, and this setting angle should be in the scope of house on-site angle of latitude plus-minus 40 degree.
3. solar heat siphon ventilation according to claim 1 and thermal storage heating system, it is characterized in that: sunshade net (3) partly or entirely folding or expansion as required, sunshade net (3) is parallel with photic zone (6) or by a less angle installation, the installing space between sunshade net (3) and photic zone (6) is between 0~100 centimetre.
4. solar heat siphon ventilation according to claim 1 and thermal storage heating system, it is characterized in that: the 7th ventilation opening (1) is positioned at the highest point of solar house, in the 7th ventilation opening (1), be provided with the 4th valve (2), ventilation opening and the 3rd valve (2) can have 1 also can have multiple.
5. solar heat siphon ventilation according to claim 1 and thermal storage heating system, is characterized in that: wind inlet channel (15) and air-out air channel (21) are circular, or rectangle, or square, or triangle, or other arbitrary shapes, have one at least.
6. solar heat siphon ventilation according to claim 1 and thermal storage heating system, it is characterized in that: the heat accumulating in underground thermal store (18) is setting heat accumulating, setting heat accumulating is cobble, or stone, or by the soil of seal of vessel, or by the water of seal of vessel, or by the phase-change material of seal of vessel, the thickness of setting heat accumulating is between the cm of 10cm~200, between setting heat accumulating, leave space, at the bottom reflection of electromagnetic wave film of laying of setting heat accumulating, below reflectance coating, be insulation layer (14), insulation layer (14) is damp-proof course below, it below damp-proof course, is house foundation, underground thermal store (18) by the second ventilation opening (17) and five-way air port (19) directly and wind inlet channel (15) and air-out air channel (21) be connected.
7. solar heat siphon ventilation according to claim 1 and thermal storage heating system, is characterized in that the first valve (11), or the second valve (26), or the 3rd valve (27), or the 4th valve (2) can substitute with stopper.
CN201410007181.0A 2014-01-08 2014-01-08 Solar thermosyphon ventilation and heat storage heating system Pending CN103726577A (en)

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CN104746647A (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-07-01 北京工业大学 Active and passive combined annual phase-change energy storage room capable of being used all year around
CN105020770A (en) * 2015-08-04 2015-11-04 成都栖睿机电设备有限公司 Novel solar energy heat storing and heating system device and method
CN105649198A (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-06-08 桂林电子科技大学 Building energy-saving photovoltaic system
CN105839867A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-10 浙江红高梁木业有限公司 Plastic roof
CN106759972A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-31 华中科技大学 A kind of accumulation of heat ventilation combined solar energy structure
CN106839244A (en) * 2017-03-13 2017-06-13 汕头大学 A kind of solar energy ventilating device cool in summer and warm in winter
CN110793091A (en) * 2019-10-24 2020-02-14 天一建设发展有限公司 House building heating system
CN112833561A (en) * 2021-01-23 2021-05-25 赣州能创智能科技有限公司 Adjustable solar heat collector
CN112833562A (en) * 2021-01-23 2021-05-25 赣州能创智能科技有限公司 Heat collection method of solar heat collector
CN112880074A (en) * 2021-01-11 2021-06-01 湖南大学 Active cooling and solar hybrid ventilation and photovoltaic coupling integrated system based on phase change energy storage and intelligent control

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104746647A (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-07-01 北京工业大学 Active and passive combined annual phase-change energy storage room capable of being used all year around
CN104746647B (en) * 2015-02-04 2017-04-19 北京工业大学 Active and passive combined annual phase-change energy storage room capable of being used all year around
CN105020770A (en) * 2015-08-04 2015-11-04 成都栖睿机电设备有限公司 Novel solar energy heat storing and heating system device and method
CN105020770B (en) * 2015-08-04 2019-03-26 成都栖睿机电设备有限公司 A kind of new type solar energy thermal storage heating system and device and method
CN105649198A (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-06-08 桂林电子科技大学 Building energy-saving photovoltaic system
CN105839867A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-10 浙江红高梁木业有限公司 Plastic roof
CN106759972A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-31 华中科技大学 A kind of accumulation of heat ventilation combined solar energy structure
CN106839244A (en) * 2017-03-13 2017-06-13 汕头大学 A kind of solar energy ventilating device cool in summer and warm in winter
CN110793091A (en) * 2019-10-24 2020-02-14 天一建设发展有限公司 House building heating system
CN112880074A (en) * 2021-01-11 2021-06-01 湖南大学 Active cooling and solar hybrid ventilation and photovoltaic coupling integrated system based on phase change energy storage and intelligent control
CN112833561A (en) * 2021-01-23 2021-05-25 赣州能创智能科技有限公司 Adjustable solar heat collector
CN112833562A (en) * 2021-01-23 2021-05-25 赣州能创智能科技有限公司 Heat collection method of solar heat collector

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Application publication date: 20140416