CN204161996U - A kind of charging and discharging mechanism - Google Patents

A kind of charging and discharging mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204161996U
CN204161996U CN201420585644.7U CN201420585644U CN204161996U CN 204161996 U CN204161996 U CN 204161996U CN 201420585644 U CN201420585644 U CN 201420585644U CN 204161996 U CN204161996 U CN 204161996U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
scissor
leveling
track
guide frame
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201420585644.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
崔俊健
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Guangdong Jaten Robot and Automation Co Ltd
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Guangdong Jaten Robot and Automation Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420585644.7U priority Critical patent/CN204161996U/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to AGV and transports configuration device field, is specially a kind of charging and discharging mechanism, comprises movable lifting mechanism, guiding mechanism and roller conveyor structure; Described guiding mechanism comprises pedestal, guide track, guide frame, pipe link and drive motor; Drive motor drives guide frame to slide; Described movable lifting mechanism comprises vehicle frame, scissor group, cylinder and top board; Described movable lifting mechanism is connected with guide frame by pipe link; Described roller conveyor structure comprises cylinder group, the conveying motor that groups of drive rolls is rotated.During material loading, drive motor by driving guide frame motion, thus drives movable lifting mechanism kinematic, and pallet is transported to roller conveyor structure one end, and cylinder structure for conveying operates; AGV receives pallet at the other end of roller conveyor structure.During blanking, after AGV is transported to assigned address pallet, movable lifting authorities pallet, is transported to pallet one end of roller conveyor structure, and roller conveyor structure operates, and pallet is transported to the other end.

Description

A kind of charging and discharging mechanism
Technical field
The utility model belongs to AGV and transports configuration device field, is specially a kind of charging and discharging mechanism.
Background technology
Pallet deposits dispensing, is the major way that the field materials such as industry, military affairs, communications and transportation, electronics are put and provided and delivered.In order to the mode coordinating pallet to deposit dispensing, people usually can use motorized forklift and hand fork lifter to complete general pallet transport.Along with the high speed development in the fields such as industry, military affairs, communications and transportation, electronics.The efficiency requirements of people to material transportation is more and more higher, and human cost also constantly raises, and AGV becomes the handbarrow of alternative conventional forklift gradually.
General AGV only can complete the distance motion of material, so its charging and discharging mechanism needing automatic butt is to realize the maximum value of self.
At present, AGV carrying usually can run into the situation of some carrying material excessive height.When AGV carry the center of gravity of material too high time, usually can cause removing AGV fluctuation of service when carrying and reducing the ill effect of transporting velocity.Carry quality large, volume is large, costly material time, it is comparatively suitable that pallet terrain clearance is less than 100mm.But existing upper automatic loading/unloading docking mechanism is to the requirement for height of pallet generally at more than 300mm, and as can be seen here, existing automatic loading/unloading docking mechanism excessive height, reduces the efficiency of the carrying of AVG and the reliability of carrying to a certain extent.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, provides one highly enough low, effectively can improve the charging and discharging mechanism of the handling efficiency of AVG and the reliability of carrying.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides a kind of charging and discharging mechanism: comprise movable lifting mechanism and guiding mechanism, and described guiding mechanism is connected with described movable lifting mechanism;
Described guiding mechanism comprises pedestal, guide track, guide frame and drive motor, and described guide track is arranged at the inner side of described pedestal, and described guide frame is connected with described guide track, and described drive motor drives described guide frame to move along described guide track;
Described movable lifting mechanism comprises vehicle frame, top board, scissor and cylinder, the top of described scissor is connected with described top board, the top of described scissor is respectively fixed end and upper movable end, and fixed end is fixedly connected with top board, described upper movable end and top board sliding block joint; The bottom of described scissor is connected with described vehicle frame, and the bottom of described scissor is respectively lower fixed end and lower movable end, and described lower fixed end is fixedly connected with vehicle frame, described lower movable end and vehicle frame sliding block joint; Scissor described in described air cylinder driven, thus drive described top board to be elevated.
The utility model drives described guide frame to move by drive motor, thus drives described movable lifting mechanism to stretch into the bottom of required conveying articles; When described movable lifting mechanism arrives target location, described drive motor stops operating, described cylinder operation, drives described scissor, thus drives described top board to rise, and lifts conveying articles; After lifting conveying articles to specified altitude assignment, cylinder quits work, scissor stops rising, and described drive motor starts, and drives described guide frame to move, drive described movable lifting mechanism, when movable lifting mechanism arrives assigned address, drive motor stops operating, cylinder operation, scissor correspondingly declines, and conveying articles is positioned over target location.
Compared with prior art, the utility model adopts scissor as lifting structure, and make the heave amplitude of movable lifting mechanism large, when scissor is regained completely, the whole height of movable lifting mechanism is less than 135mm, the pallet making this mechanism can transport placing height to be less than 100mm.The structure that scissor coordinates with cylinder, the lateral dynamics that cylinder is exported converts longitudinal hoisting force to, not only realizes the function promoted article, and more laborsaving.The propulsion source adopting cylinder to rise as scissor, is also conducive to saving the space shared by propulsion source, reduces the volume of described movable lifting mechanism.
Further, be provided with the first transmission device between described drive motor and guide frame, described first transmission device comprises the first driven wheel be arranged on drive motor output shaft, the first transmission shaft be arranged on described pedestal, is arranged at the connecting portion of forward and backward end, guide frame both sides; Described first transmission shaft two ends are respectively equipped with the first transmission gear, and one end of described first transmission shaft is also provided with the first driven gear, and described first driven gear is connected by driving chain band with the first driven wheel; The front end of described guide track is respectively equipped with the second transmission gear coordinated with described first transmission gear, the first endless chain band is provided with between described first transmission gear and the second corresponding transmission gear, described first endless chain band is provided with breach, and the connecting portion of forward and backward end, side corresponding to guide frame respectively, described breach end is fixedly connected with.
When drive motor starts, the first driven wheel on described drive motor output shaft correspondingly rotates; Described first driven wheel drives described first driven gear to rotate by driving chain band, thus drives described first drive axis, and the first transmission gear being arranged at described first transmission shaft two ends correspondingly rotates; Described first transmission gear drives described second transmission gear to rotate by described first endless chain band; When described first transmission gear and the second transmission gear rotate, described first endless chain band rotates around described first transmission gear and the second transmission gear, pulls described guide frame to move simultaneously.
Further, also comprise roller conveyor structure, described roller conveyor structure comprises the conveying motor of cylinder and head roll rotation, and described cylinder is layed in the upside of described pedestal.Select cylinder as conveying mechanism, make conveying mechanism have load-carrying capacity strong, structure is simple, and reliability is high, and use and maintenance is advantage easily.
Further, described roller conveyor structure also comprises the second transmission device be arranged between described conveying motor and described cylinder; Described second transmission device comprises and is arranged on the first roller drive gear on the drum shaft of cylinder and second tin roller transmission gear; First roller drive gear of arbitrary cylinder is connected with the first roller drive gear of front side adjacent roller by cylinder endless chain band, and second tin roller transmission gear is connected with the second tin roller transmission gear of rear side adjacent roller by cylinder endless chain band.
When described conveying electric motor starting, described conveying motor drives coupled cylinder to rotate, and the mode by adopting cylinder endless chain band to connect between above-mentioned adjacent roller between cylinder realizes interlock.When the article of required transport are positioned on roller conveyor structure, described cylinder rotates, and conveying articles is to assigned address.
Further, also comprise the leveling track being arranged at ground, the bottom of described guide frame is provided with long rails groove, described leveling track and described long rails groove suitable.
When guide frame runs to position corresponding to described leveling track, described long rails groove is located in outside described leveling track, and the structure adopting long rails groove to coordinate with leveling track, makes the sense of motion of described guide frame more stable.
Further, described leveling track comprises leveling rail assembly, leveling track fastening and coupling nut; Be provided with crab-bolt in the middle part of described leveling rail assembly, the both sides of described leveling rail assembly are provided with leveling nut cavity, are provided with leveling nut in described leveling nut cavity; The bottom of described leveling nut cavity is provided with levelling pad, and sidepiece is provided with lock nut cavity; Lock nut is provided with in described lock nut cavity; Described leveling rail assembly two ends are provided with link slot, connecting screw hole is provided with in described link slot, described leveling track fastening is installed in the link slot of adjacent leveling rail assembly, and described leveling track fastening two ends are provided with the attaching parts screw coordinated with connecting screw hole; Described coupling nut is successively through described attaching parts screw and connecting screw hole.
Described leveling rail assembly is fixed on ground by described crab-bolt, leveling rail assembly can be adjusted to level by regulating the leveling nut of leveling rail assembly both sides, after regulating described leveling nut to desired height, lock described lock nut, the position of fixing described frequency modulation nut; The structure adopting leveling track fastening and coupling nut to coordinate between described leveling rail assembly achieves a fixed connection.The structure that described leveling track adopts leveling rail assembly and leveling track fastening to combine, makes the entire length of leveling track realize adjustable, and can reduce costs.
Further, the long rails groove coordinating described leveling track is provided with bottom described guide frame; Described long rails groove both sides are provided with some horizontal spring mounting holes, are provided with spring in described spring mounting hole, are provided with track clamp bar inside described long rails groove, are fixedly connected with inside described track clamp bar with described spring.
When leveling track enters in described long rails groove, described track clamp bar, under the effect of described spring, clamps described leveling track, is that leveling track and long rails slot fit are tightr, guarantees that guide frame keeps straight-line motion.
Further, described scissor has 8, and 2 scissors be set up in parallel form a scissor group, and form 4 scissor groups, described cylinder has 2, every two scissor group configuration 1 cylinder; Described cylinder one end is provided with cylinder piston rod, and the end of described cylinder piston rod is provided with cylinder piston rod external connection portion, and described cylinder piston rod external connection portion is fixedly connected on the lower movable end of corresponding scissor; The other end of described cylinder is provided with cylinder external connection portion, and described cylinder external connection portion is fixedly connected on the lower movable end of corresponding scissor.
Form a scissor module by two scissors, every two scissor assembly have cylinder, make movable lifting mechanism lifts ability stronger, more stable when promoting article.The setting of described cylinder external connection portion and cylinder piston rod external connection portion, when making described cylinder and cylinder piston rod promote the lower movable end of scissor, lower movable end is stressed more stable.
Further, described vehicle frame is provided with the lower guide groove suitable with described lower movable end, and described top board is provided with the upper guide groove suitable with described upper movable end; The lower movable end of described scissor moves in described lower guide groove, and the upper movable end of described scissor moves in guide groove on described.
The setting of described upper guide groove and lower guide groove, when making scissor increase and decline, the direction of slip of described upper movable end and lower movable end is limited, thus makes the rolling of movable end and lower movable end more stable.
Further, the sidepiece of described guide frame is provided with guide frame movable pulley, and described guide frame movable pulley moves in described guide track.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the self-contained birds-eye view of charging and discharging mechanism;
Fig. 2 is the self-contained block diagram 1 of charging and discharging mechanism;
Fig. 3 is the self-contained block diagram 2 of charging and discharging mechanism;
Fig. 4 is a-quadrant enlarged drawing;
Fig. 5 is B regional enlarged drawing;
Fig. 6 is bottom of frame block diagram;
Fig. 7 is that charging and discharging mechanism part-structure splits birds-eye view;
Fig. 8 is C regional enlarged drawing;
Fig. 9 is movable lifting mechanism section-drawing;
Figure 10 is leveling track stereo figure;
Figure 11 is D regional enlarged drawing.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, detailed description of the invention of the present utility model is described:
See Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, a kind of charging and discharging mechanism, comprises movable lifting mechanism 1, guiding mechanism and roller conveyor structure 4; Described guiding mechanism comprises symmetrically arranged pedestal 201, guide track 202, guide frame 203, pipe link 204, drive motor 205 and the first transmission device; Described guide track 202 is arranged at the inner side of corresponding pedestal 201, described guide frame 203 both sides are installed in described guide track 202, described guide frame 203 both sides are respectively equipped with guide frame movable pulley 203A, described guide frame movable pulley 203A can slide in the guide track 202 of correspondence, is convenient to described guide frame 203 and moves.Described drive motor 205 drives described guide frame 203 to slide, and described drive motor 205 is circumscribed with drive motor controller (described drive motor controller is not shown in the figures), controls the rotating forward of described drive motor 205, reversion and stopping.Active tunnel 206 is provided with between described pedestal 201; The exit end of described active tunnel 206 is equipped with RFID website card, and for AGV provides target address information, AGV only needs to carry out point-to-point transport, greatly strengthen the efficiency of material transportation.AGV wireless pager 6 is also provided with outside described pedestal 201, when needs shipping goods, AGV reception goods (described website card is not shown in the figures) that calling is corresponding.
See Fig. 9, described movable lifting mechanism 1 comprises vehicle frame 101, scissor 102, top board 104 and cylinder 103; Described top board 104 is layed on the upside of scissor group.
Described scissor 102 has 8, and the scissor 102 be set up in parallel inside and outside 2 forms a scissor group, is symmetrical arranged into 4 scissor groups, and described cylinder 103 has 2, is provided with 1 cylinder 103 between the scissor group of every two homonymies; The top of described scissor 102 is respectively fixed end 102C and upper movable end 102D, and bottom is respectively lower fixed end 102A and lower movable end 102B; Described lower fixed end 102A is fixedly connected with vehicle frame 101, and described lower movable end 102B is slidably connected with vehicle frame 101; Fixed end 102C is fixedly connected with top board 104, and described upper movable end 102D is slidably connected with top board 104.
Described cylinder 103 is circumscribed with air inlet pipe (described air inlet pipe is not shown in the figures).Described cylinder 103 one end is provided with cylinder piston rod 105, and the end of described cylinder piston rod 105 is provided with cylinder piston rod external connection portion 105A, and described cylinder piston rod external connection portion 105A is fixedly connected on the lower movable end 102B of corresponding scissor; The other end of described cylinder is provided with cylinder external connection portion 103A, and described cylinder external connection portion 103A is fixedly connected on the lower movable end 102B of corresponding scissor.
When described movable lifting mechanism 1 promotes, described cylinder 103 is worked by air inlet pipe, described cylinder piston rod 105 stretches out, the other end of described cylinder piston rod 105 and cylinder promotes the lower movable end 102B of corresponding scissor 102, scissor 102 is risen, and described scissor 102 supports described top board 104 while rising and rises.When described movable lifting mechanism 1 declines, described cylinder 103 works, and described cylinder piston rod 105 shrinks, and the lower movable end of described scissor group two scissors 102 slides to correspondingly direction in the middle part of cylinder 103, and described scissor 102 declines, and drives described top board 104 to decline.
Adopt scissor group as lifting structure, make the heave amplitude of movable lifting mechanism 1 large, when scissor 102 is regained completely, the whole height of movable lifting mechanism 1 is less than 135mm, the pallet making this mechanism can transport placing height to be less than 100mm.The structure that scissor 102 coordinates with cylinder 103, the lateral dynamics that cylinder 103 is exported converts longitudinal hoisting force to, not only realizes the function promoted article, and more laborsaving.The propulsion source adopting the described cylinder 103 laterally placed to rise as scissor 102, is also conducive to saving the space shared by propulsion source, makes the volume of movable lifting mechanism 1 less.
See Fig. 9, described vehicle frame 101 is provided with the lower guide groove 101A suitable with described lower movable end 102B, and described top board 104 is provided with the upper guide groove 104A suitable with described upper movable end 102D; The lower movable end 102B of described scissor 102 is slidably installed in described lower guide groove 101A, and the upper movable end 102D of described scissor 102 is slidably installed in described upper guide groove 104A; The setting of described upper guide groove 104A and lower guide groove 101A, when making scissor 102 rise and decline, the direction of slip of described upper movable end 102D and lower movable end 102B is limited, thus makes the slip of movable end 102D and lower movable end 102B more stable.Be provided with directional wheel 101B bottom described vehicle frame 101, be convenient to described movable lifting mechanism 102 and move forward and backward.The setting of described cylinder external connection portion 103A and cylinder piston rod external connection portion 105A, when making described cylinder 103 and cylinder piston rod 105 promote the lower movable end 102B of scissor 102, lower movable end 102B is stressed more stable.Be provided with travel switch in the event trace of described cylinder external connection portion 103A and cylinder piston rod external connection portion 105A, described travel switch is connected with described cylinder 103, the action radius (described travel switch is not shown in the figures) of control cylinder 103.The air inlet pipe of described cylinder 103 is circumscribed with noise silencer, the noise (described noise silencer is not shown in the figures) produced when weakening described cylinder 103 air-breathing and exhaust.
See Fig. 1, described movable lifting mechanism 1 is connected with guide frame 103 by pipe link 204; When described drive motor 205 drives guide frame 203 to move, guide frame 203 drives described movable lifting mechanism 1 to move in active tunnel 206 by pipe link 204.The end of described movable lifting mechanism 1 is also provided with road conditions identification sensor (described road conditions identification sensor is not shown in the figures); Described road conditions identification sensor is connected with drive motor controller, and for drive motor controller provides traffic information, described drive motor controller controls startup and the closedown of drive motor 205 according to the traffic information of reality.Described guide track 202 end is also provided with track adjusting wheel 202A, for providing guide function when movable lifting mechanism 1 enters inside described guide track 202.
See Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, the connecting portion 203B being provided with the first transmission device between described drive motor 205 and guide frame 203, described first transmission device comprises the first driven wheel 205B be arranged on drive motor 205 output shaft 205A, be arranged on the first transmission shaft 301 between pedestal 201, be arranged at forward and backward end, guide frame 203 both sides; Described first transmission shaft 301 two ends are respectively equipped with the first transmission gear 302, one end of described first transmission shaft 301 is also provided with the first driven gear 301A, and described first driven gear 301A is connected (described driving chain band is not shown in the figures) by driving chain band with the first driven wheel 205B; The front end of described guide track 202 is respectively equipped with the second transmission gear 303 coordinated with described first transmission gear 302, the first endless chain band (described first endless chain band is not shown in the figures) is provided with between described first transmission gear 302 and the second corresponding transmission gear 303, described first endless chain band is provided with breach, the connecting portion 203B of forward and backward end, side corresponding to guide frame respectively, described breach end is fixedly connected with, and makes the first endless chain band two-wayly can pull guide frame 203.
When drive motor 205 starts, the first driven wheel 205B on described drive motor output shaft 205A correspondingly rotates; Described first driven wheel 205B drives described first driven gear 301A to rotate by driving chain band, thus drives described first transmission shaft 301 to rotate, and the first transmission gear 302 being arranged at described first transmission shaft 301 two ends correspondingly rotates; Described first transmission gear 302 drives described second transmission gear 303 to rotate by described first endless chain band; When described first transmission gear 302 and the second transmission gear 303 rotate, described first endless chain band rotates around described first transmission gear 302 and the second transmission gear 303, pulls described guide frame 203 to move simultaneously.
See Fig. 1, Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, the conveying motor 401 that described roller conveyor structure 4 comprises cylinder group and drives respective rollers group to rotate; Described cylinder group is made up of some cylinders 402, and is layed in the upside of pedestal 202.Described roller conveyor structure 4 also comprises the second transmission device kinetic energy of described conveying motor 401 being passed to respective rollers 402.Described second transmission device comprises and is arranged on the first roller drive gear 403A on the drum shaft 403 of cylinder 402 and second tin roller transmission gear 403B; First roller drive gear 403A of arbitrary cylinder 402 is connected with the first roller drive gear 403A of front side adjacent roller 402 by cylinder endless chain band, and second tin roller transmission gear 403B is connected (described cylinder endless chain band is not shown in the figures) by cylinder endless chain band with the second tin roller transmission gear 403B of rear side adjacent roller 402.Connection mode between above-mentioned cylinder 402, make the cylinder 402 of same cylinder group realize interlock, and this kind realizes the connection mode of interlock, mechanism is simple, probability of failure is low.In cylinder group, drum shaft 403 end of a cylinder 402 is also provided with the second driven gear 403C, described conveying motor 401 output shaft is provided with the second driven wheel 401A, and described second driven gear 403C is connected (described conveyor chain is not shown in the figures) by conveyor chain with the second driven wheel 401A.
When described conveying motor 401 starts, the second driven wheel 401A on described conveying motor output shaft correspondingly rotates, described second driven wheel 401A drives described second driven gear 403C to rotate by conveyor chain, thus drive the cylinder 402 at the second driven gear 403C place to rotate, interlock is realized between cylinder due to same cylinder group, so while being provided with cylinder 402 rotation at the second driven gear 403C place, drive the cylinder 402 of same cylinder group to do corresponding rotation.Select cylinder group as conveying mechanism, make conveying mechanism have load-carrying capacity strong, structure is simple, the advantage that reliability is high and easy to maintenance.
Described conveying motor 401 is also circumscribed with conveying electric machine controller, controls the rotating forward of conveying motor 401, reversion and stopping (described conveying electric machine controller is not shown in the figures).Cylinder group two ends are provided with alignment sensor, described alignment sensor is connected with described conveying electric machine controller, for conveying electric machine controller provides the location information of article, conveying electric machine controller, according to the actual placement of article, controls drive motor 401 and does corresponding rotation (described alignment sensor is not shown in the figures).The roller conveyor structure 4 that the same side pedestal 201 is laid can be made up of a series cylinder group, also can be made up of many series cylinders group, and every series cylinder group is all furnished with conveying motor 401, second drive mechanism and alignment sensor.
See Fig. 1, Fig. 6, Figure 10 and Figure 11, described charging and discharging mechanism also comprises the tune track 207 being arranged at ground, and described leveling track 207 comprises leveling rail assembly 211, leveling track fastening 212 and coupling nut 213; Be provided with crab-bolt 211A in the middle part of described leveling rail assembly 211, the both sides of described leveling rail assembly 211 are provided with leveling nut cavity 211B, are provided with leveling nut 211C in described leveling nut cavity; The bottom of described leveling nut cavity 211B is provided with levelling pad (described levelling pad is not shown in the figures), and sidepiece is provided with lock nut cavity 211E, is provided with lock nut 211F in described lock nut cavity 211E; Described leveling rail assembly 211 both side ends is provided with link slot 211G, connecting screw hole (described connecting screw hole is not shown in the figures) is provided with in described link slot 211G, 211G in the link slot that described leveling track fastening 212 is installed on adjacent leveling rail assembly 211, described leveling track fastening 212 two ends are provided with the attaching parts screw (described attaching parts screw is not shown in the figures) coordinated with connecting screw hole; Described coupling nut 213 is successively through described attaching parts screw and connecting screw hole.Described leveling rail assembly 211 is fixed on ground by described crab-bolt 211A, leveling rail assembly 211 can be adjusted to level by regulating the leveling nut 211C of leveling rail assembly 211 both sides, after regulating described leveling nut 211C to desired height, lock described lock nut 211F, the position of fixing described frequency modulation nut 211C; The structure adopting leveling track fastening 212 and coupling nut 213 to coordinate between described leveling rail assembly 211 achieves a fixed connection.The structure that described leveling track 208 adopts leveling rail assembly 211 and leveling track fastening 212 to combine, makes the entire length of leveling track 208 realize adjustable.
See Fig. 1, Fig. 6, Figure 10 and Figure 11, bottom described guide frame 203, be provided with the long rails groove 207 coordinating described leveling track 208; Described long rails groove 207 both sides are provided with some horizontal spring mounting holes 209, spring (described spring is not shown in the figures) is provided with in described spring mounting hole 209, track clamp bar 210 is provided with inside described long rails groove 207, be fixedly connected with described spring inside described track clamp bar 210, when leveling track 208 enters in described long rails groove 207, described track clamp bar 210, under the effect of described spring, clamps described leveling track 208.The structure that described long rails groove 207 coordinates with leveling track 208, makes the sense of motion of described guide frame 203 more stable, also with the height by regulating leveling track 208, because of ground unfairness, affects the motion of guide frame 203.
See Fig. 1, described charging and discharging mechanism also comprises lift system administration of power supply, and described lift system administration of power supply comprises external power supply, cable, is arranged at cable lead-through 501 between described guide rail base, cable protection chain 502 and arranges and cable duct inside pipe link; Be provided with cable outlet in the middle part of described cable lead-through 501, described cable protection chain 502 one end is connected with cable outlet, and the other end is fixedly connected with described guide frame 203 upper surface; Described cable one end is connected with external power supply; The other end passes cable lead-through 501, cable outlet, cable protection chain 502 and cable duct successively, with described cylinders (described cable outlet, external power supply and cable are not shown in the figures).Lift system administration of power supply can not only be embodied as cylinder 103 and run power supply, can also cable be protected not to be damaged in movable hoist for hoisting 1 motion process.
The utility model comprises following two kinds of operation modes
1, automatic operation mode:
AGV wireless pager 6, send calling signal, AGV runs to corresponding RFID website Ka Chu, and pedestal 201 end of described website card one end is provided with opto-electronic pickup (described opto-electronic pickup is not shown in the figures), and described opto-electronic pickup is connected with drive motor controller.The signal detected is sent to described drive motor controller by opto-electronic pickup, triggers drive motor and starts, release described movable lifting mechanism, then complete corresponding material loading or blanking procedure.
During material loading, whether the road conditions identification sensor of described movable lifting mechanism 1 end detects front side has obstacle, and described road conditions identification sensor is sent to described drive motor controller signal, if there is drive motor 205 described in obstacle to stop operating, if accessible described drive motor 205 normally forwards to dynamic, by the first transmission device, guide frame 203 is driven to move, guide frame 203 promotes described movable lifting mechanism 1 and runs, described movable hoist for hoisting 1 structure is made to enter bottom pallet, after described movable lifting mechanism 1 stretches into assigned address, drive motor stops 205 runnings, then cylinder 103 works, described cylinder piston rod stretches out 105, described cylinder piston rod external connection portion 105A and cylinder external connection portion 103A promote the lower movable end 102B of corresponding scissor 102, scissor 102 rises, pallet is lifted to the height higher than described roller conveyor structure 4, scissor 102 stops rising, described drive motor 205 starts again, guide frame 203 is driven to move by the first transmission device, guide frame 203 pulls movable lifting mechanism 1, enter the scope of roller conveyor structure 4 bottom pallet, bottom described pallet, complete frame is on described roller conveyor structure 4, and cylinder 103 works, cylinder piston rod 105 is retracted, the lower movable end 102A of scissor 102 does corresponding slip, and scissor 102 declines, and pallet is positioned in cylinder group, described alignment sensor detects the placement location of pallet, the location information of pallet is passed to conveying motor 4 controller, motor 401 is carried to do corresponding running described in conveying motor controller controls, by the second transmission device, drive cylinder group is rotated, pallet is transported to the other end of pedestal 201, AGV to receive thing in this termination.
During blanking, AGV is transported to one end of roller conveyor structure 4 pallet, be positioned in cylinder group, described alignment sensor detects the placement location of pallet, the location information of pallet is passed to conveying motor 4 controller, described in conveying motor controller controls, carries motor 401 to do corresponding running, by the second transmission device, drive cylinder group is rotated, and pallet is transported to the other end of pedestal 201, described drive motor 205 starts, by the first transmission device, guide frame 203 is driven to move, guide frame 203 promotes described movable lifting mechanism 1 and runs, described movable lifting mechanism 1 is made to enter bottom pallet, after described movable lifting mechanism 1 stretches into assigned address, drive motor 205 shuts down, then cylinder 103 works, described cylinder piston rod 105 stretches out, described cylinder piston rod external connection portion 105A and cylinder external connection portion 103A promote the lower movable end 102B of corresponding scissor 102, scissor 102 rises, pallet is lifted to the described roller conveyor structure 4 of disengaging, scissor 102 stops rising, described drive motor 205 starts again, and drive guide frame 203 to move by the first transmission module, guide frame 203 pulls movable lifting mechanism 1, and pallet is transported to assigned address, when moving to assigned address, described drive motor 205 shuts down, and cylinder 103 works, and cylinder piston rod 105 is retracted, and the movable end 102B of scissor 102 does corresponding slip, and scissor 102 declines, and pallet is positioned over appointed place, completes blanking.
2, manual operation mode:
Described drive motor controller is circumscribed with stretches out button and retract button, described cylinder 103 is circumscribed with and promotes button and decline button, and described conveying electric machine controller is circumscribed with scroll button, and long pressing stretches out button, movable lifting mechanism 1 is released, runs on the downside of the required pallet carried; Press lifting button, cylinder 103 air-breathing, described cylinder piston rod 105 stretches out, and described cylinder piston rod external connection portion 105A and cylinder external connection portion 103A promotes the lower movable 102B of corresponding scissor 102, and described scissor 102 rises, and described top board 104 lifts pallet; After arriving specified altitude assignment, long by retract button, drive motor 205 starts, and movable lifting mechanism 1 is pulled; When the pallet transported enters in roller conveyor structure 4 scope completely, length presses decline button; After movable lifting mechanism 1 departs from pallet, long by scroll button, conveying electric motor starting, cylinder is driven to rotate by the second transmission device, pallet is transported to assigned address on Roller conveyor, and AGV connects goods (described in stretch out button, retract button, lifting button, decline button and scroll button not shown in the figures) in this position.
The announcement of book and instruction according to the above description, the utility model those skilled in the art can also change above-mentioned embodiment and revise.Therefore, the utility model is not limited to detailed description of the invention disclosed and described above, also should fall in the protection domain of claim of the present utility model modifications and changes more of the present utility model.In addition, although employ some specific term and nouns of locality in this specification sheets, these terms and the noun of locality just for convenience of description, do not form any restriction to the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a charging and discharging mechanism, is characterized in that: comprise movable lifting mechanism and guiding mechanism, and described guiding mechanism is connected with described movable lifting mechanism;
Described guiding mechanism comprises pedestal, guide track, guide frame and drive motor, and described guide track is arranged at the inner side of described pedestal, and described guide frame is connected with described guide track, and described drive motor drives described guide frame to move along described guide track;
Described movable lifting mechanism comprises vehicle frame, top board, scissor and cylinder, the top of described scissor is connected with described top board, the top of described scissor is respectively fixed end and upper movable end, and fixed end is fixedly connected with top board, described upper movable end and top board sliding block joint; The bottom of described scissor is connected with described vehicle frame, and the bottom of described scissor is respectively lower fixed end and lower movable end, and described lower fixed end is fixedly connected with vehicle frame, described lower movable end and vehicle frame sliding block joint; Scissor described in described air cylinder driven, thus drive described top board to be elevated.
2. a kind of charging and discharging mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be provided with the first transmission device between described drive motor and guide frame, described first transmission device comprises the first driven wheel be arranged on drive motor output shaft, the first transmission shaft be arranged on described pedestal, is arranged at the connecting portion of forward and backward end, guide frame both sides; Described first transmission shaft two ends are respectively equipped with the first transmission gear, and one end of described first transmission shaft is also provided with the first driven gear, and described first driven gear is connected by driving chain band with the first driven wheel; The front end of described guide track is respectively equipped with the second transmission gear coordinated with described first transmission gear, the first endless chain band is provided with between described first transmission gear and the second corresponding transmission gear, described first endless chain band is provided with breach, and the connecting portion of forward and backward end, side corresponding to guide frame respectively, described breach end is fixedly connected with.
3. a kind of charging and discharging mechanism according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise roller conveyor structure, and described roller conveyor structure comprises the conveying motor of cylinder and head roll rotation, and described cylinder is layed in the upside of described pedestal.
4. a kind of charging and discharging mechanism according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described roller conveyor structure also comprises the second transmission device be arranged between described conveying motor and described cylinder; Described second transmission device comprises and is arranged on the first roller drive gear on the drum shaft of cylinder and second tin roller transmission gear; First roller drive gear of arbitrary cylinder is connected with the first roller drive gear of front side adjacent roller by cylinder endless chain band, and second tin roller transmission gear is connected with the second tin roller transmission gear of rear side adjacent roller by cylinder endless chain band.
5. a kind of charging and discharging mechanism according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise the leveling track being arranged at ground, and the bottom of described guide frame is provided with long rails groove, described leveling track and described long rails groove suitable.
6. a kind of charging and discharging mechanism according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described leveling track comprises leveling rail assembly, leveling track fastening and coupling nut; Be provided with crab-bolt in the middle part of described leveling rail assembly, the both sides of described leveling rail assembly are provided with leveling nut cavity, are provided with leveling nut in described leveling nut cavity; The bottom of described leveling nut cavity is provided with levelling pad, and sidepiece is provided with lock nut cavity; Lock nut is provided with in described lock nut cavity; Described leveling rail assembly two ends are provided with link slot, connecting screw hole is provided with in described link slot, described leveling track fastening is installed in the link slot of adjacent leveling rail assembly, and described leveling track fastening two ends are provided with the attaching parts screw coordinated with connecting screw hole; Described coupling nut is successively through described attaching parts screw and connecting screw hole.
7. a kind of charging and discharging mechanism according to claim 5, is characterized in that: be provided with the long rails groove coordinating described leveling track bottom described guide frame; Described long rails groove both sides are provided with some horizontal spring mounting holes, are provided with spring in described spring mounting hole, are provided with track clamp bar inside described long rails groove, are fixedly connected with inside described track clamp bar with described spring.
8. a kind of charging and discharging mechanism according to any one of claim 1-7, is characterized in that: described scissor has 8, and 2 scissors be set up in parallel form a scissor group, and form 4 scissor groups, described cylinder has 2, every two scissor group configuration 1 cylinder; Described cylinder one end is provided with cylinder piston rod, and the end of described cylinder piston rod is provided with cylinder piston rod external connection portion, and described cylinder piston rod external connection portion is fixedly connected on the lower movable end of corresponding scissor; The other end of described cylinder is provided with cylinder external connection portion, and described cylinder external connection portion is fixedly connected on the lower movable end of corresponding scissor.
9. a kind of charging and discharging mechanism according to claim 8, is characterized in that: described vehicle frame is provided with the lower guide groove suitable with described lower movable end, and described top board is provided with the upper guide groove suitable with described upper movable end; The lower movable end of described scissor moves in described lower guide groove, and the upper movable end of described scissor moves in guide groove on described.
10. a kind of charging and discharging mechanism according to any one of claim 1-7, is characterized in that: the sidepiece of described guide frame is provided with guide frame movable pulley, and described guide frame movable pulley moves in described guide track.
CN201420585644.7U 2014-10-10 2014-10-10 A kind of charging and discharging mechanism Withdrawn - After Issue CN204161996U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104310009A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-28 广东嘉腾机器人自动化有限公司 Feeding and blanking mechanism
CN106944754A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-07-14 深圳市升达康科技有限公司 Panel assembly above and below one kind
CN107226325A (en) * 2017-06-16 2017-10-03 武健 Rail conveying device
CN107790995A (en) * 2016-08-30 2018-03-13 苏州杰锐思自动化设备有限公司 A kind of keycap feeding device and feeding machine

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104310009A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-28 广东嘉腾机器人自动化有限公司 Feeding and blanking mechanism
CN104310009B (en) * 2014-10-10 2016-09-07 广东嘉腾机器人自动化有限公司 A kind of charging and discharging mechanism
CN107790995A (en) * 2016-08-30 2018-03-13 苏州杰锐思自动化设备有限公司 A kind of keycap feeding device and feeding machine
CN106944754A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-07-14 深圳市升达康科技有限公司 Panel assembly above and below one kind
CN106944754B (en) * 2017-05-18 2018-08-21 深圳市升达康科技有限公司 A kind of panel assembly up and down
CN107226325A (en) * 2017-06-16 2017-10-03 武健 Rail conveying device
CN107226325B (en) * 2017-06-16 2023-01-10 河北省荣丰消毒设备有限公司 Track transmission device

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