CN203955701U - The remaining waste after meal microbial degradation processor in a kind of kitchen - Google Patents

The remaining waste after meal microbial degradation processor in a kind of kitchen Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203955701U
CN203955701U CN201420416776.7U CN201420416776U CN203955701U CN 203955701 U CN203955701 U CN 203955701U CN 201420416776 U CN201420416776 U CN 201420416776U CN 203955701 U CN203955701 U CN 203955701U
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China
Prior art keywords
fermentation tank
called
profit
water separation
feed appliance
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CN201420416776.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何起平
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NINGBO JIADUOMEI MACHINERY SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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NINGBO JIADUOMEI MACHINERY SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of kitchen remaining waste after meal microbial degradation processor, comprises fermentation tank (1), feed appliance (2), feeder (3), water separation tank (4), air-introduced machine (5), electric cabinet (6), shell (7).This practical new employing is provided with agitator, discharging opening, sandwich chamber, air intake window and bleeding point at fermentation tank, and conduction oil and electrothermal tube are housed in sandwich chamber; The feed appliance of screw is provided with profit efferent duct; Feeder is provided with grinder; In water separation tank, be provided with profit delaminated cabin; When work, food refuse is pulverized through grinder, then by feed appliance, oil-water mixture is separated with residue particles, and residue particles pushes fermentation tank, and oil-water mixture enters water separation tank; Residue particles is mixed with fermented bacterium through stirring in fermentation tank, and standing ferment at constant temperature is humic fertilizer; Oil-water mixture is sump oil and the sewage technical scheme via pipeline output separately through precipitation, stratification in water separation tank, food garbage treater has been reached possess the object of microbial degradation in-depth processing capacity.

Description

The remaining waste after meal microbial degradation processor in a kind of kitchen
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of apparatus for disposing of food waste, specifically refers to for waste after meal microorganism decomposing treatment machine more than a kind of kitchen of material discarded object more than processing kitchen, kitchen or the remaining food waste thing of meal.
Background technology
The remaining waste after meal in kitchen is called for short food refuse, and for the processing of food refuse, traditional way is to outwell; Prior art has to adopt the mixing profit in food refuse is separated with solid residue, and solid residue is ground into particle siccative, then transfers to professional garbage disposal enterprise to deepen utilization processing mixings profit and particle siccative; As, the kitchen food that a kind of profit residue that application number is 201310384587.6 separates automatically; Because the supporting professional garbage disposal enterprise that deepens again profit is less, cause user particle siccative can only be delivered to soot landfill; Therefore there are the problems and shortcomings that lack recycling in-depth processing capacity in prior art.
Summary of the invention
The problems and shortcomings that exist for above-mentioned prior art, the utility model adopts the device being made up of fermentation tank, feed appliance, feeder, water separation tank, air-introduced machine, electric cabinet, shell, fermentation tank is provided with agitator, discharging opening, sandwich chamber, air intake window and bleeding point, conduction oil and electrothermal tube is housed for heating maintains constant temperature to fermentation tank in sandwich chamber; Feed appliance is screw and is provided with profit efferent duct; Feeder is provided with feed hopper and grinder; In water separation tank, be provided with sediment storehouse, profit delaminated cabin; When work, food refuse is pulverized through grinder by feed hopper, then through feed appliance, oil-water mixture is separated with residue particles, and residue particles is pushed to fermentation tank, and oil-water mixture enters water separation tank through profit efferent duct; Residue particles stirs and mixes with fermented bacterium through agitator in fermentation tank, leaves standstill ferment at constant temperature and be decomposed into humic fertilizer in fermentation tank, takes out afterwards through discharging opening; Oil-water mixture precipitates through sediment storehouse in water separation tank, profit delaminated cabin stratification, afterwards, the technical scheme that oil slick and soup are exported via pipeline separately respectively, provide a kind of kitchen remaining waste after meal microbial degradation processor, be intended to make food garbage treater, reach the object that possesses microbial degradation in-depth processing capacity.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that the remaining waste after meal microbial degradation processor in a kind of kitchen, comprise fermentation tank, feed appliance, feeder, water separation tank, air-introduced machine, electric cabinet, shell, wherein: described fermentation tank is semi-cylindrical groove shape thin-wall stainless steel matter member, the bottom of fermentation tank inner chamber is provided with the agitator of left and right intersection rotation direction, bicylindrical spiral sideband shape, the through hole that the left position of the front side cell wall of fermentation tank is provided with rectangle is called discharging opening, and described discharging opening is provided with able to turn on or off material mouth door; The through hole that the cell wall top, right side of fermentation tank is provided with rectangle is called air intake window, and described air intake window is provided with stainless steel gas-permeable nets; The cell wall top, left side of fermentation tank is provided with circular through hole and is called bleeding point; At the bottom of the external slot of fermentation tank, be provided with the interlayer chamber that one deck hollow is airtight and be called sandwich chamber, in described sandwich chamber, be marked with the transformer oil for heat conduction; The left surface of described sandwich chamber is also provided with the relief tube communicating with atmosphere for the inner chamber of sandwich chamber; The left surface of described sandwich chamber is also provided with the electrothermal tube, the temperature sensor that insert sandwich chamber inner chamber; Described sandwich chamber is also provided with for the pouring orifice of oiling and the fuel outlet for draining the oil;
Described feed appliance is tubular type auger conveyor, by the socket of stainless steel, the granule materials straight tube delivery element that screw rod forms; The feeding entrance of feed appliance be positioned at feed appliance right part socket above, the feeding outlet of feed appliance is positioned at the left end of feed appliance, on the right side of described feeding entrance, be positioned at and be provided with the shunt valve communicating with the inner chamber of feed appliance above feed appliance socket and be called profit efferent duct;
Described feeder is made up of feed hopper and grinder, and described feed hopper is the up big and down small rectangular stainless steel components of hollow and thin-walled funnel-form of overlooking; The outside of described grinder is the casing of upper and lower opening, hollow, rectangular steel, described cabinets cavity is provided with two left and right directions, is parallel to each other, rotatable, the non-discaling roll of the cylindrical straight gear thread form of engagement completely, left and right two ends of described discaling roll are columniform end axle, wherein, one rooted tooth roller is active discaling roll, another rooted tooth roller is driven discaling roll, and the right part end axle of described active discaling roll is called driving shaft, and described driving shaft protrudes from the rear portion of the right flank of described casing; It is intermeshing that the left part end crown of roll of described active discaling roll and driven discaling roll is also equipped with respectively cylindric straight-tooth gear for the left surface of described casing;
Feed hopper is fixedly connected on communicating of grinder above and with the upper shed of the described casing of grinder;
Described water separation tank is that the end, top opening, hollow, rectangular thin-wall stainless steel matter member are arranged at bottom, the inner chamber of water separation tank is sediment storehouse, profit delaminated cabin and three, spilling water storehouse bin by A dividing plate and B baffle for separating, wherein, the corrosion resistant plate that described A dividing plate is rectangle, A dividing plate is parallel with the front side wall of water separation tank, from top to bottom by the front portion isolation of water-oil separating box cavity, the chamber surrounding is called sediment storehouse, below described A dividing plate and leave spacing at the interior end of water separation tank and be called profit road; Described B dividing plate is to overlook the stainless steel components of groove shape that is Γ font, and B dividing plate is from top to bottom by the right back angle isolation of water-oil separating box cavity, and the chamber surrounding is called spilling water storehouse; Below described B dividing plate and leave spacing at the interior end of water separation tank and be called gole;
The region of water-oil separating box cavity intermediary between described sediment storehouse and described spilling water storehouse is called profit delaminated cabin, described profit delaminated cabin is positioned at the bottom at the rear of described A dividing plate, be provided with a corrosion resistant plate parallel, protruding upward with described A dividing plate and be called sideboard, the height of described sideboard is higher than the height in described profit road;
The overflow pipe that the top of the right side wall of water separation tank is respectively equipped with the profit input pipe communicating with described sediment storehouse, the oil exit pipe communicating with described profit delaminated cabin and communicates with described spilling water storehouse; The bottom of the right side wall of water separation tank is respectively equipped with the scum pipe communicating with described sediment storehouse and the drainpipe communicating with described profit delaminated cabin;
The upper electric heater that is inserted into described profit delaminated cabin middle part downwards that is also provided with along place of the right side wall of water separation tank, described electric heater is electrical heating elements;
Described air-introduced machine is centrifugal fan;
Described electric cabinet is the electrical control gear that is provided with A.C. contactor, relay, fuse and air-break, electric cabinet is supporting control panel, described control panel is the man machine operation interface that is provided with computer microprocessor, press button, indicator lamp, and described control panel is connected with electric cabinet by wire;
Described shell is the stainless steel components of the hollow and thin-walled of rectangular box shape, and the through hole that the left part above of shell is provided with rectangle is called tank mouth, and described tank mouth place is provided with the rolling cover of handle and is called fermentation cover; The through hole that the right part above of shell is provided with rectangle is called material mouthful, and described material mouth place is provided with the rolling cover of handle and is called charging lid; Being provided with above for being called aperture of door with the rectangular through-hole of the corresponding connection of described discharging opening of fermentation tank of shell; Before shell, be also provided with the rectangular through-hole of passing for described control panel correspondence and be called control hole;
Drive the motor of described agitator to be called stirring motor; Drive feed appliance motor be called feeding motor; The motor that drives into the described grinder of glassware is called pulverizing motor; Drive the motor of air-introduced machine to be called blower motor;
Feeder is positioned at the right-hand of fermentation tank, feed appliance is the below of the downward-sloping right flank and the feeder that are positioned at fermentation tank from left to right, the described feeding entrance of feed appliance is communicated with the under shed of the described casing of grinder, and the described feeding outlet of feed appliance communicates through the top of fermentation tank right flank and the inner chamber of fermentation tank;
Water separation tank is between the right side of fermentation tank and the rear of feed appliance, and the described profit input pipe of water separation tank is connected with the described profit efferent duct of feed appliance;
Described stirring motor is positioned at the rear, lower-left of fermentation tank, and is connected with described agitator by chain sprocket; Described feeding motor is positioned at the front of the right-hand member of feed appliance, and is connected with feed appliance by chain sprocket; Described pulverizing motor is positioned at rear, feeder bottom right, and is connected with the described driving shaft of grinder by chain sprocket; Air-introduced machine is positioned at the left part rear of fermentation tank, and the air inlet of air-introduced machine is communicated with the described bleeding point of fermentation tank by pipeline, and described blower motor is directly connected with the rotating shaft of air-introduced machine; Electric cabinet is positioned at the right part rear of fermentation tank, and described control panel is positioned at described discharging opening right-hand of fermentation tank;
Jacket is in the outside of fermentation tank, feed appliance, feeder, water separation tank, air-introduced machine and electric cabinet, the upper wall of shell inner cavity contacts with the sealing of the upper edge of fermentation tank, described charging lid position is corresponding to the upper edge of the described feed hopper of feeder, described fermentation cover is corresponding to the top at fermentation tank center, the corresponding connection of described discharging opening of described aperture of door and fermentation tank, described control panel correspondence is entrenched in described control hole;
Valve is outwards drawn and separately connect to described scum pipe, oil exit pipe, drainpipe from the trailing flank of shell; Described overflow pipe is outwards drawn from the trailing flank of shell; The air outlet of air-introduced machine is outwards drawn from the trailing flank of shell through connecting pipe;
Described stirring motor, feeding motor, pulverizing motor, blower motor, electrothermal tube, electric heater are connected with electric cabinet through wire; Described temperature sensor is connected with described control panel through wire.
The direction face of said structure statement is divided into up, down, left, right, front, rear side, wherein, before be the face in the face of device front view, after be with described before relative face.
Operation principle and beneficial effect
When work, start stirring motor, feeding motor, pulverize motor and blower motor, open described charging lid, manually food refuse is poured into described feed hopper, food refuse is pulverized and is formed the particle of pulpous state and the mixture of profit and enter feed appliance through grinder by feed hopper, the screw rod of feed appliance makes particle separate with profit thing when described mixture is above pushed away, particle is upwards pushed in fermentation tank, profit thing by described profit efferent duct in described profit input pipe enters the described sediment storehouse of water separation tank;
A, the particle entering in fermentation tank stir and mix with fermented bacterium through agitator, and described particle standing ferment at constant temperature through a couple of days in fermentation tank is decomposed into humic fertilizer, and humic fertilizer takes out through discharging opening; When each taking-up humic fertilizer, fermentation tank planted agent retains part humic fertilizer as fermented bacterium masterbatch, for mixing with the particle again entering in fermentation tank;
B, while entering profit thing in water separation tank through described sediment storehouse, residue in profit thing is because being trapped in sediment storehouse by the obstruction of described sideboard, profit in profit thing is through described profit road and climb over described sideboard and enter in described profit delaminated cabin, in water stratification storehouse, stratification is sewage and sump oil, and sump oil layer floats on sewage layer:
When the height of sump oil layer is when rising to higher than described oil exit pipe, sump oil discharges through oil exit pipe;
When the excessive height of sewage layer, unnecessary sewage enters described spilling water storehouse through described gole, then discharges through described overflow pipe, for making profit delaminated cabin keep the buoyance lift space of sump oil layer;
In the time of wash oil water separating tank, open scum pipe and drainpipe, respectively by be deposited in sediment storehouse residue, the sewage in profit delaminated cabin and spilling water storehouse is discharged;
Described electric heater is set is for the profit thing in heating oil water stratification in winter storehouse and keep liquid, prevent the condensation of profit thing and stop layering;
Transformer oil, electrothermal tube and the temperature sensor that described sandwich chamber, heat conduction are set is for controlling the temperature in heating fermentation tank, makes to keep constant temperature in fermentation tank, and being conducive to the described particle of described fermented bacterium fermentation decomposition is humic fertilizer;
The setting of described air intake window and bleeding point and air-introduced machine is the gas producing for discharging the fermentation of fermentation tank internal cause, is conducive to carrying out smoothly of sweat.
This device is by food refuse being first separated into particle and profit thing, then particle is decomposed into the humic fertilizer that can directly utilize through microorganism; Profit thing is separated into recycling sump oil and sewage; Make food garbage treater possess the function that microbial degradation in-depth is processed.
Above-mentioned, the utility model adopts the device being made up of fermentation tank, feed appliance, feeder, water separation tank, air-introduced machine, electric cabinet, shell, fermentation tank is provided with agitator, discharging opening, sandwich chamber, air intake window and bleeding point, conduction oil and electrothermal tube is housed for heating maintains constant temperature to fermentation tank in sandwich chamber; Feed appliance is screw and is provided with profit efferent duct; Feeder is provided with feed hopper and grinder; In water separation tank, be provided with sediment storehouse, profit delaminated cabin; When work, food refuse is pulverized through grinder by feed hopper, then through feed appliance, oil-water mixture is separated with residue particles, and residue particles is pushed to fermentation tank, and oil-water mixture enters water separation tank through profit efferent duct; Residue particles stirs and mixes with fermented bacterium through agitator in fermentation tank, leaves standstill ferment at constant temperature and be decomposed into humic fertilizer in fermentation tank, takes out afterwards through discharging opening; Oil-water mixture precipitates through sediment storehouse in water separation tank, profit delaminated cabin stratification, the technical scheme that oil slick and soup are exported via pipeline separately respectively, overcome prior art and had the problems and shortcomings that lack recycling in-depth processing capacity, the remaining waste after meal microbial degradation processor in a kind of kitchen of providing, has reached food garbage treater to possess the object of microbial degradation in-depth processing capacity.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the remaining waste after meal microbial degradation processor in a kind of kitchen of the present utility model, except the internal structure master after decapsidate 7 looks schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the right view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the left view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the rearview of Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is that a left side of Fig. 1 is depending on overlooking axonometric drawing;
Fig. 7 is that the right side of Fig. 1 is depending on overlooking axonometric drawing;
Fig. 8 is the schematic top plan view of water separation tank 4 parts of the remaining waste after meal microbial degradation processor in a kind of kitchen of the present utility model;
Fig. 9 is along A-A to the cutaway view that dissects and be rotated counterclockwise after 90 ° in Fig. 8;
Figure 10 is that the axle of water separation tank 4 parts of the remaining waste after meal microbial degradation processor in a kind of kitchen of the present utility model measures intention;
Figure 11 is that the master of the external structure of the remaining waste after meal microbial degradation processor in a kind of kitchen of the present utility model measures intention depending on overlooking axle;
Figure 12 is that the backsight of the external structure of the remaining waste after meal microbial degradation processor in a kind of kitchen of the present utility model is overlooked axle and measured intention.
Below in conjunction with the embodiment in accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail, but should not be construed as any restriction of the present utility model.
In figure: fermentation tank 1, agitator 11, stirring motor 111, discharging opening 12, sandwich chamber 13, relief tube 131, electrothermal tube 132, temperature sensor 133, air intake window 14, bleeding point 15, pouring orifice 16, fuel outlet 17, feed appliance 2, feeding motor 21, profit efferent duct 22, feeder 3, feed hopper 31, grinder 32, pulverize motor 33, water separation tank 4, A dividing plate 41, B dividing plate 42, sideboard 43, sediment storehouse 44, profit input pipe 441, scum pipe 442, profit delaminated cabin 45, oil exit pipe 451, drainpipe 452, spilling water storehouse 46, overflow pipe 461, electric heater 47, air-introduced machine 5, blower motor 51, electric cabinet 6, control panel 61, shell 7, charging lid 71, fermentation cover 72.
Detailed description of the invention
Consult Fig. 1~Figure 12, the remaining waste after meal microbial degradation processor in a kind of kitchen of the present utility model, comprise fermentation tank 1, feed appliance 2, feeder 3, water separation tank 4, air-introduced machine 5, electric cabinet 6, shell 7, wherein: described fermentation tank 1 is semi-cylindrical groove shape thin-wall stainless steel matter member, the bottom of fermentation tank 1 inner chamber is provided with the agitator 11 of left and right intersection rotation direction, bicylindrical spiral sideband shape, the through hole that the left position of the front side cell wall of fermentation tank 1 is provided with rectangle is called discharging opening 12, and described discharging opening 12 is provided with able to turn on or off material mouth door; The through hole that the cell wall top, right side of fermentation tank 1 is provided with rectangle is called air intake window 14, and described air intake window 14 is provided with stainless steel gas-permeable nets; The cell wall top, left side of fermentation tank 1 is provided with circular through hole and is called bleeding point 15; At the bottom of the external slot of fermentation tank 1, be provided with the interlayer chamber that one deck hollow is airtight and be called sandwich chamber 13, in described sandwich chamber 13, be marked with the transformer oil for heat conduction; The left surface of described sandwich chamber 13 is also provided with the relief tube 131 communicating with atmosphere for the inner chamber of sandwich chamber 13; The left surface of described sandwich chamber 13 is also provided with the electrothermal tube 132, the temperature sensor 133 that insert sandwich chamber 13 inner chambers; Described sandwich chamber 13 is also provided with for the pouring orifice 16 of oiling and the fuel outlet 17 for draining the oil;
Described feed appliance 2 is tubular type auger conveyor, by the socket of stainless steel, the granule materials straight tube delivery element that screw rod forms; The feeding entrance of feed appliance 2 be positioned at feed appliance 2 right part socket above, the feeding outlet of feed appliance 2 is positioned at the left end of feed appliance 2, on the right side of described feeding entrance, be positioned at and be provided with the shunt valve communicating with the inner chamber of feed appliance 2 above feed appliance 2 sockets and be called profit efferent duct 22;
Described feeder 3 is made up of feed hopper 31 and grinder 32, and described feed hopper 31 is the up big and down small rectangular stainless steel components of hollow and thin-walled funnel-form of overlooking; The outside of described grinder 32 is the casing of upper and lower opening, hollow, rectangular steel, described cabinets cavity is provided with two left and right directions, is parallel to each other, rotatable, the non-discaling roll of the cylindrical straight gear thread form of engagement completely, left and right two ends of described discaling roll are columniform end axle, wherein, one rooted tooth roller is active discaling roll, another rooted tooth roller is driven discaling roll, and the right part end axle of described active discaling roll is called driving shaft, and described driving shaft protrudes from the rear portion of the right flank of described casing; It is intermeshing that the left part end crown of roll of described active discaling roll and driven discaling roll is also equipped with respectively cylindric straight-tooth gear for the left surface of described casing;
Feed hopper 31 is fixedly connected on communicating of grinder 32 above and with the upper shed of the described casing of grinder 32;
Described water separation tank 4 for bottom has, open, hollow, rectangular thin-wall stainless steel matter member by the end, top, the inner chamber of water separation tank 4 is divided into sediment storehouse 44, profit delaminated cabin 45 and 46 3, spilling water storehouse bin by A dividing plate 41 and B dividing plate 42, wherein, the corrosion resistant plate that described A dividing plate 41 is rectangle, A dividing plate 41 is parallel with the front side wall of water separation tank 4, from top to bottom by the front portion isolation of water separation tank 4 inner chambers, the chamber surrounding is called sediment storehouse 44, below described A dividing plate 41 and leave spacing at the interior end of water separation tank 4 and be called profit road; Described B dividing plate 42 is for overlooking the stainless steel components of groove shape that is Γ font, and B dividing plate 42 is from top to bottom by the right back angle isolation of water separation tank 4 inner chambers, and the chamber surrounding is called spilling water storehouse 46; Below described B dividing plate 42 and leave spacing at the interior end of water separation tank 4 and be called gole;
Region in water separation tank 4 inner chambers between described sediment storehouse 44 and described spilling water storehouse 46 is called profit delaminated cabin 45, described profit delaminated cabin 45 is positioned at the bottom at the rear of described A dividing plate 41, be provided with a corrosion resistant plate parallel, protruding upward with described A dividing plate 41 and be called sideboard 43, the height of described sideboard 43 is higher than the height in described profit road;
The overflow pipe 461 that the top of the right side wall of water separation tank 4 is respectively equipped with the profit input pipe 441 communicating with described sediment storehouse 44, the oil exit pipe 451 communicating with described profit delaminated cabin 45 and communicates with described spilling water storehouse 46; The bottom of the right side wall of water separation tank 4 is respectively equipped with the scum pipe 442 communicating with described sediment storehouse 44 and the drainpipe 452 communicating with described profit delaminated cabin 45;
The upper of the right side wall of water separation tank 4 is also provided with along place the electric heater 47 that is inserted into described profit delaminated cabin 45 middle parts downwards, and described electric heater 47 is electrical heating elements;
Described air-introduced machine 5 is centrifugal fan;
Described electric cabinet 6 is for being provided with the electrical control gear of A.C. contactor, relay, fuse and air-break, electric cabinet 6 is supporting control panel 61, described control panel 61 is for being provided with the man machine operation interface of computer microprocessor, press button, indicator lamp, and described control panel 61 is connected with electric cabinet 6 by wire;
Described shell 7 is the stainless steel components of hollow and thin-walled of rectangular box shape, and the through hole that the left part above of shell 7 is provided with rectangle is called tank mouth, and described tank mouth place is provided with the rolling cover of handle and is called fermentation cover 72; The through hole that the right part above of shell 7 is provided with rectangle is called material mouthful, and described material mouth place is provided with the rolling cover of handle and is called charging lid 71; Being provided with above for being called aperture of door with the rectangular through-hole of the corresponding connection of described discharging opening 12 of fermentation tank 1 of shell 7; Before shell 7, be also provided with the rectangular through-hole of passing for described control panel 61 correspondences and be called control hole;
Drive the motor of described agitator 11 to be called stirring motor 111; Drive feed appliance 2 motor be called feeding motor 21; The motor that drives into the described grinder 32 of glassware 3 is called pulverizes motor 33; Drive the motor of air-introduced machine 5 to be called blower motor 51;
Feeder 3 is positioned at the right-hand of fermentation tank 1, feed appliance 2 is the below of the downward-sloping right flank and the feeder 3 that are positioned at fermentation tank 1 from left to right, the described feeding entrance of feed appliance 2 is communicated with the under shed of the described casing of grinder 32, and the described feeding outlet of feed appliance 2 communicates with the inner chamber of fermentation tank 1 through the top of fermentation tank 1 right flank;
Water separation tank 4 is between the right side of fermentation tank 1 and the rear of feed appliance 2, and the described profit input pipe 441 of water separation tank 4 is connected with the described profit efferent duct 22 of feed appliance 2;
Described stirring motor 111 is positioned at the rear, lower-left of fermentation tank 1, and is connected with described agitator 11 by chain sprocket; Described feeding motor 21 is positioned at the front of the right-hand member of feed appliance 2, and is connected with feed appliance 2 by chain sprocket; Described pulverizing motor 33 is positioned at feeder 3 rears, bottom right, and is connected with the described driving shaft of grinder 32 by chain sprocket; Air-introduced machine 5 is positioned at the left part rear of fermentation tank 1, and the air inlet of air-introduced machine 5 is communicated with the described bleeding point 15 of fermentation tank 1 by pipeline, and described blower motor 51 is directly connected with the rotating shaft of air-introduced machine 5; Electric cabinet 6 is positioned at the right part rear of fermentation tank 1, and described control panel 61 is positioned at described discharging opening 12 right-hand of fermentation tank 1;
Shell 7 covers on the outside of fermentation tank 1, feed appliance 2, feeder 3, water separation tank 4, air-introduced machine 5 and electric cabinet 6, the upper wall of shell 7 inner chambers contacts with the sealing of the upper edge of fermentation tank 1, described charging lid 71 positions are corresponding to the upper edge of the described feed hopper 31 of feeder 3, described fermentation cover 72 is corresponding to the top at fermentation tank 1 center, the corresponding connection of described discharging opening 12 of described aperture of door and fermentation tank 1, described control panel 61 correspondences are entrenched in described control hole;
Valve is outwards drawn and separately connect to described scum pipe 442, oil exit pipe 451, drainpipe 452 from the trailing flank of shell 7; Described overflow pipe 461 is outwards drawn from the trailing flank of shell 7; The air outlet of air-introduced machine 5 is outwards drawn from the trailing flank of shell 7 through connecting pipe;
Described stirring motor 111, feeding motor 21, pulverizing motor 33, blower motor 51, electrothermal tube 132, electric heater 47 are connected with electric cabinet 6 through wire; Described temperature sensor 133 is connected with described control panel 61 through wire.
The direction face of said structure statement is divided into up, down, left, right, front, rear side, wherein, before be the face in the face of device front view, after be with described before relative face.
Operation principle and beneficial effect
When work, start stirring motor 111, feeding motor 21, pulverize motor 33 and blower motor 51, open described charging lid 71, manually food refuse is poured into described feed hopper 31, food refuse is pulverized and is formed the particle of pulpous state and the mixture of profit and enter feed appliance 2 through grinder 32 by feed hopper 31, the screw rod of feed appliance 2 makes particle separate with profit thing when described mixture is above pushed away, particle is upwards pushed in fermentation tank 1, profit thing by described profit efferent duct 22 in described profit input pipe 441 enters the described sediment storehouse 44 of water separation tank 4,
A, the particle entering in fermentation tank 1 stir and mix with fermented bacterium through agitator 11, and described particle is decomposed into humic fertilizer at the interior standing ferment at constant temperature through a couple of days of fermentation tank 1, and humic fertilizer takes out through discharging opening 12; When each taking-up humic fertilizer, fermentation tank 1 planted agent retains part humic fertilizer as fermented bacterium masterbatch, for mixing with the particle again entering in fermentation tank 1;
B, while entering profit thing in water separation tank 4 through described sediment storehouse 44, residue in profit thing is because being trapped in sediment storehouse 44 by the obstruction of described sideboard 43, profit in profit thing is through described profit road and climb over described sideboard 43 and enter in described profit delaminated cabin 45, be sewage and sump oil at the interior stratification in water stratification storehouse 45, sump oil layer floats on sewage layer;
When the height of sump oil layer is when rising to higher than described oil exit pipe 451, sump oil discharges through oil exit pipe 451;
When the excessive height of sewage layer, unnecessary sewage enters described spilling water storehouse 46 through described gole, then discharges through described overflow pipe 461, for making profit delaminated cabin 45 keep the buoyance lift space of sump oil layer;
In the time of wash oil water separating tank 4, open scum pipe 442 and drainpipe 452, respectively by be deposited in sediment storehouse 44 residue, the sewage in profit delaminated cabin 45 and spilling water storehouse 46 is discharged;
Described electric heater 47 is set is for the profit thing in heating oil water stratification in winter storehouse 45 and keep liquid, prevent the condensation of profit thing and stop layering;
Transformer oil, electrothermal tube 132 and the temperature sensor 133 that described sandwich chamber 13, heat conduction are set is for controlling the temperature in heating fermentation tank 1, making the interior maintenance constant temperature of fermentation tank 1, and being conducive to the described particle of described fermented bacterium fermentation decomposition is humic fertilizer;
The setting of described air intake window 14 and bleeding point 15 and air-introduced machine 5 is the gas producing for discharging fermentation tank 1 internal cause fermentation, is conducive to carrying out smoothly of sweat.
This device is by food refuse being first separated into particle and profit thing, then particle is decomposed into the humic fertilizer that can directly utilize through microorganism; Profit thing is separated into recycling sump oil and sewage; Make food garbage treater possess the function that microbial degradation in-depth is processed.

Claims (1)

1. the remaining waste after meal microbial degradation processor in kitchen, comprise fermentation tank (1), feed appliance (2), feeder (3), water separation tank (4), air-introduced machine (5), electric cabinet (6), shell (7), it is characterized in that: described fermentation tank (1) is semi-cylindrical groove shape thin-wall stainless steel matter member, the bottom of fermentation tank (1) inner chamber is provided with left and right intersection rotation direction, the agitator (11) of bicylindrical spiral sideband shape, the through hole that the left position of the front side cell wall of fermentation tank (1) is provided with rectangle is called discharging opening (12), described discharging opening (12) is provided with able to turn on or off material mouth door, the through hole that the cell wall top, right side of fermentation tank (1) is provided with rectangle is called air intake window (14), and described air intake window (14) is provided with stainless steel gas-permeable nets, the cell wall top, left side of fermentation tank (1) is provided with circular through hole and is called bleeding point (15), at the bottom of the external slot of fermentation tank (1), be provided with the interlayer chamber that one deck hollow is airtight and be called sandwich chamber (13), described sandwich chamber is marked with the transformer oil for heat conduction in (13), the left surface of described sandwich chamber (13) is also provided with the relief tube (131) communicating with atmosphere for the inner chamber of sandwich chamber (13), the left surface of described sandwich chamber (13) is also provided with the electrothermal tube (132), the temperature sensor (133) that insert sandwich chamber (13) inner chamber, described sandwich chamber (13) is also provided with the pouring orifice (16) for oiling and the fuel outlet (17) for draining the oil,
Described feed appliance (2) is tubular type auger conveyor, by the socket of stainless steel, the granule materials straight tube delivery element that screw rod forms; The feeding entrance of feed appliance (2) be positioned at feed appliance (2) right part socket above, the feeding outlet of feed appliance (2) is positioned at the left end of feed appliance (2), on the right side of described feeding entrance, be positioned at feed appliance (2) and be provided with the shunt valve communicating with the inner chamber of feed appliance (2) above socket and be called profit efferent duct (22);
Described feeder (3) is made up of feed hopper (31) and grinder (32), and described feed hopper (31) is the up big and down small rectangular stainless steel components of hollow and thin-walled funnel-form of overlooking; The outside of described grinder (32) is the casing of upper and lower opening, hollow, rectangular steel, described cabinets cavity is provided with two left and right directions, is parallel to each other, rotatable, the non-discaling roll of the cylindrical straight gear thread form of engagement completely, left and right two ends of described discaling roll are columniform end axle, wherein, one rooted tooth roller is active discaling roll, another rooted tooth roller is driven discaling roll, and the right part end axle of described active discaling roll is called driving shaft, and described driving shaft protrudes from the rear portion of the right flank of described casing; It is intermeshing that the left part end crown of roll of described active discaling roll and driven discaling roll is also equipped with respectively cylindric straight-tooth gear for the left surface of described casing;
Feed hopper (31) is fixedly connected on communicating of grinder (32) above and with the upper shed of the described casing of grinder (32);
Described water separation tank (4) has the end for bottom, top is open, hollow, rectangular thin-wall stainless steel matter member, the inner chamber of water separation tank (4) is divided into sediment storehouse (44) by A dividing plate (41) and B dividing plate (42), (46) three bins in profit delaminated cabin (45) and spilling water storehouse, wherein, the corrosion resistant plate that described A dividing plate (41) is rectangle, A dividing plate (41) is parallel with the front side wall of water separation tank (4), from top to bottom by the front portion isolation of water separation tank (4) inner chamber, the chamber surrounding is called sediment storehouse (44), below described A dividing plate (41) and leave spacing at the interior end of water separation tank (4) and be called profit road, described B dividing plate (42) is for overlooking the stainless steel components of groove shape that is Γ font, and B dividing plate (42) is from top to bottom by the right back angle isolation of water separation tank (4) inner chamber, and the chamber surrounding is called spilling water storehouse (46), below described B dividing plate (42) and leave spacing at the interior end of water separation tank (4) and be called gole,
Region in water separation tank (4) inner chamber between described sediment storehouse (44) and described spilling water storehouse (46) is called profit delaminated cabin (45), described profit delaminated cabin (45) is positioned at the bottom at the rear of described A dividing plate (41), be provided with a corrosion resistant plate parallel, protruding upward with described A dividing plate (41) and be called sideboard (43), the height of described sideboard (43) is higher than the height in described profit road;
The overflow pipe (461) that the top of the right side wall of water separation tank (4) is respectively equipped with the profit input pipe (441) communicating with described sediment storehouse (44), the oil exit pipe (451) communicating with described profit delaminated cabin (45) and communicates with described spilling water storehouse (46); The bottom of the right side wall of water separation tank (4) is respectively equipped with the scum pipe (442) communicating with described sediment storehouse (44) and the drainpipe (452) communicating with described profit delaminated cabin (45);
The upper electric heater (47) that is inserted into described profit delaminated cabin (45) middle part downwards that is also provided with along place of the right side wall of water separation tank (4), described electric heater (47) is electrical heating elements;
Described air-introduced machine (5) is centrifugal fan;
Described electric cabinet (6) is for being provided with the electrical control gear of A.C. contactor, relay, fuse and air-break, electric cabinet (6) is supporting control panel (61), described control panel (61) is for being provided with the man machine operation interface of computer microprocessor, press button, indicator lamp, and described control panel (61) is connected with electric cabinet (6) by wire;
Described shell (7) is the stainless steel components of hollow and thin-walled of rectangular box shape, and the through hole that the left part above of shell (7) is provided with rectangle is called tank mouth, and described tank mouth place is provided with the rolling cover of handle and is called fermentation cover (72); The through hole that the right part above of shell (7) is provided with rectangle is called material mouthful, and described material mouth place is provided with the rolling cover of handle and is called charging lid (71); Being provided with above for being called aperture of door with the rectangular through-hole of the corresponding connection of described discharging opening (12) of fermentation tank (1) of shell (7); Before shell (7), be also provided with the rectangular through-hole of passing for described control panel (61) correspondence and be called control hole;
Drive the motor of described agitator (11) to be called stirring motor (111); Drive feed appliance (2) motor be called feeding motor (21); The motor that drives into the described grinder (32) of glassware (3) is called pulverizes motor (33); Drive the motor of air-introduced machine (5) to be called blower motor (51);
Feeder (3) is positioned at the right-hand of fermentation tank (1), feed appliance (2) is the below of the downward-sloping right flank and the feeder (3) that are positioned at fermentation tank (1) from left to right, the described feeding entrance of feed appliance (2) is communicated with the under shed of the described casing of grinder (32), and the described feeding outlet of feed appliance (2) communicates with the inner chamber of fermentation tank (1) through the top of fermentation tank (1) right flank;
Water separation tank (4) is positioned between the right side of fermentation tank (1) and the rear of feed appliance (2), and the described profit input pipe (441) of water separation tank (4) is connected with the described profit efferent duct (22) of feed appliance (2);
Described stirring motor (111) is positioned at the rear, lower-left of fermentation tank (1), and is connected with described agitator (11) by chain sprocket; Described feeding motor (21) is positioned at the front of the right-hand member of feed appliance (2), and is connected with feed appliance (2) by chain sprocket; Described pulverizing motor (33) is positioned at feeder (3) rear, bottom right, and is connected with the described driving shaft of grinder (32) by chain sprocket; Air-introduced machine (5) is positioned at the left part rear of fermentation tank (1), the air inlet of air-introduced machine (5) is communicated with the described bleeding point (15) of fermentation tank (1) by pipeline, and described blower motor (51) is directly connected with the rotating shaft of air-introduced machine (5); Electric cabinet (6) is positioned at the right part rear of fermentation tank (1), and described control panel (61) is positioned at described discharging opening (12) right-hand of fermentation tank (1);
Shell (7) covers on fermentation tank (1), feed appliance (2), feeder (3), water separation tank (4), the outside of air-introduced machine (5) and electric cabinet (6), the upper wall of shell (7) inner chamber contacts with the sealing of the upper edge of fermentation tank (1), described charging lid (71) position is corresponding to the upper edge of the described feed hopper (31) of feeder (3), described fermentation cover (72) is corresponding to the top at fermentation tank (1) center, the corresponding connection of described discharging opening (12) of described aperture of door and fermentation tank (1), described control panel (61) correspondence is entrenched in described control hole,
Valve is outwards drawn and separately connect to described scum pipe (442), oil exit pipe (451), drainpipe (452) from the trailing flank of shell (7); Described overflow pipe (461) is outwards drawn from the trailing flank of shell (7); The air outlet of air-introduced machine (5) is outwards drawn from the trailing flank of shell (7) through connecting pipe;
Described stirring motor (111), feeding motor (21), pulverizing motor (33), blower motor (51), electrothermal tube (132), electric heater (47) are connected with electric cabinet (6) through wire; Described temperature sensor (133) is connected with described control panel (61) through wire.
CN201420416776.7U 2014-07-21 2014-07-21 The remaining waste after meal microbial degradation processor in a kind of kitchen Withdrawn - After Issue CN203955701U (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104148373A (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-11-19 宁波加多美机械科技有限公司 Kitchen and food waste microbiological degradation processor
CN104588395A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-05-06 苏州韩博厨房电器科技有限公司 Integrated garbage treatment equipment
CN104588397A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-05-06 苏州韩博厨房电器科技有限公司 Integrated garbage disposal equipment
CN104588396A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-05-06 苏州韩博厨房电器科技有限公司 Garbage treatment equipment
CN104863222A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-08-26 苏州美生环保科技有限公司 Large garbage disposer for biochemical degradation
CN104929205A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-09-23 苏州美生环保科技有限公司 Novel waste processor for biochemical degradation
CN107032844A (en) * 2017-06-19 2017-08-11 盐城市剑峰机械有限公司 The horizontal fermentation machine structure of feces of livestock and poultry
CN107297380A (en) * 2017-06-15 2017-10-27 安徽星元环保科技有限公司 A kind of closed type garbage fermentation machine

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104148373A (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-11-19 宁波加多美机械科技有限公司 Kitchen and food waste microbiological degradation processor
CN104588395A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-05-06 苏州韩博厨房电器科技有限公司 Integrated garbage treatment equipment
CN104588397A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-05-06 苏州韩博厨房电器科技有限公司 Integrated garbage disposal equipment
CN104588396A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-05-06 苏州韩博厨房电器科技有限公司 Garbage treatment equipment
CN104863222A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-08-26 苏州美生环保科技有限公司 Large garbage disposer for biochemical degradation
CN104929205A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-09-23 苏州美生环保科技有限公司 Novel waste processor for biochemical degradation
CN107297380A (en) * 2017-06-15 2017-10-27 安徽星元环保科技有限公司 A kind of closed type garbage fermentation machine
CN107032844A (en) * 2017-06-19 2017-08-11 盐城市剑峰机械有限公司 The horizontal fermentation machine structure of feces of livestock and poultry

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